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Theorem List for Intuitionistic Logic Explorer - 9701-9800   *Has distinct variable group(s)
TypeLabelDescription
Statement
 
Theoremimmul2 9701 Imaginary part of a product. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 2-Aug-2014.)
 |-  ( ( A  e.  RR  /\  B  e.  CC )  ->  ( Im `  ( A  x.  B ) )  =  ( A  x.  ( Im `  B ) ) )
 
Theoremimdivap 9702 Imaginary part of a division. Related to immul2 9701. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 14-Jun-2020.)
 |-  ( ( A  e.  CC  /\  B  e.  RR  /\  B #  0 )  ->  ( Im `  ( A 
 /  B ) )  =  ( ( Im
 `  A )  /  B ) )
 
Theoremcjre 9703 A real number equals its complex conjugate. Proposition 10-3.4(f) of [Gleason] p. 133. (Contributed by NM, 8-Oct-1999.)
 |-  ( A  e.  RR  ->  ( * `  A )  =  A )
 
Theoremcjcj 9704 The conjugate of the conjugate is the original complex number. Proposition 10-3.4(e) of [Gleason] p. 133. (Contributed by NM, 29-Jul-1999.) (Proof shortened by Mario Carneiro, 14-Jul-2014.)
 |-  ( A  e.  CC  ->  ( * `  ( * `  A ) )  =  A )
 
Theoremcjadd 9705 Complex conjugate distributes over addition. Proposition 10-3.4(a) of [Gleason] p. 133. (Contributed by NM, 31-Jul-1999.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 14-Jul-2014.)
 |-  ( ( A  e.  CC  /\  B  e.  CC )  ->  ( * `  ( A  +  B ) )  =  (
 ( * `  A )  +  ( * `  B ) ) )
 
Theoremcjmul 9706 Complex conjugate distributes over multiplication. Proposition 10-3.4(c) of [Gleason] p. 133. (Contributed by NM, 29-Jul-1999.) (Proof shortened by Mario Carneiro, 14-Jul-2014.)
 |-  ( ( A  e.  CC  /\  B  e.  CC )  ->  ( * `  ( A  x.  B ) )  =  (
 ( * `  A )  x.  ( * `  B ) ) )
 
Theoremipcnval 9707 Standard inner product on complex numbers. (Contributed by NM, 29-Jul-1999.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 14-Jul-2014.)
 |-  ( ( A  e.  CC  /\  B  e.  CC )  ->  ( Re `  ( A  x.  ( * `  B ) ) )  =  ( ( ( Re `  A )  x.  ( Re `  B ) )  +  ( ( Im `  A )  x.  ( Im `  B ) ) ) )
 
Theoremcjmulrcl 9708 A complex number times its conjugate is real. (Contributed by NM, 26-Mar-2005.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 14-Jul-2014.)
 |-  ( A  e.  CC  ->  ( A  x.  ( * `  A ) )  e.  RR )
 
Theoremcjmulval 9709 A complex number times its conjugate. (Contributed by NM, 1-Feb-2007.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 14-Jul-2014.)
 |-  ( A  e.  CC  ->  ( A  x.  ( * `  A ) )  =  ( ( ( Re `  A ) ^ 2 )  +  ( ( Im `  A ) ^ 2
 ) ) )
 
Theoremcjmulge0 9710 A complex number times its conjugate is nonnegative. (Contributed by NM, 26-Mar-2005.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 14-Jul-2014.)
 |-  ( A  e.  CC  ->  0  <_  ( A  x.  ( * `  A ) ) )
 
Theoremcjneg 9711 Complex conjugate of negative. (Contributed by NM, 27-Feb-2005.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 14-Jul-2014.)
 |-  ( A  e.  CC  ->  ( * `  -u A )  =  -u ( * `
  A ) )
 
Theoremaddcj 9712 A number plus its conjugate is twice its real part. Compare Proposition 10-3.4(h) of [Gleason] p. 133. (Contributed by NM, 21-Jan-2007.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 14-Jul-2014.)
 |-  ( A  e.  CC  ->  ( A  +  ( * `  A ) )  =  ( 2  x.  ( Re `  A ) ) )
 
Theoremcjsub 9713 Complex conjugate distributes over subtraction. (Contributed by NM, 28-Apr-2005.)
 |-  ( ( A  e.  CC  /\  B  e.  CC )  ->  ( * `  ( A  -  B ) )  =  (
 ( * `  A )  -  ( * `  B ) ) )
 
Theoremcjexp 9714 Complex conjugate of positive integer exponentiation. (Contributed by NM, 7-Jun-2006.)
 |-  ( ( A  e.  CC  /\  N  e.  NN0 )  ->  ( * `  ( A ^ N ) )  =  ( ( * `  A ) ^ N ) )
 
Theoremimval2 9715 The imaginary part of a number in terms of complex conjugate. (Contributed by NM, 30-Apr-2005.)
 |-  ( A  e.  CC  ->  ( Im `  A )  =  ( ( A  -  ( * `  A ) )  /  ( 2  x.  _i ) ) )
 
Theoremre0 9716 The real part of zero. (Contributed by NM, 27-Jul-1999.)
 |-  ( Re `  0
 )  =  0
 
Theoremim0 9717 The imaginary part of zero. (Contributed by NM, 27-Jul-1999.)
 |-  ( Im `  0
 )  =  0
 
Theoremre1 9718 The real part of one. (Contributed by Scott Fenton, 9-Jun-2006.)
 |-  ( Re `  1
 )  =  1
 
Theoremim1 9719 The imaginary part of one. (Contributed by Scott Fenton, 9-Jun-2006.)
 |-  ( Im `  1
 )  =  0
 
Theoremrei 9720 The real part of  _i. (Contributed by Scott Fenton, 9-Jun-2006.)
 |-  ( Re `  _i )  =  0
 
Theoremimi 9721 The imaginary part of  _i. (Contributed by Scott Fenton, 9-Jun-2006.)
 |-  ( Im `  _i )  =  1
 
Theoremcj0 9722 The conjugate of zero. (Contributed by NM, 27-Jul-1999.)
 |-  ( * `  0
 )  =  0
 
Theoremcji 9723 The complex conjugate of the imaginary unit. (Contributed by NM, 26-Mar-2005.)
 |-  ( * `  _i )  =  -u _i
 
Theoremcjreim 9724 The conjugate of a representation of a complex number in terms of real and imaginary parts. (Contributed by NM, 1-Jul-2005.)
 |-  ( ( A  e.  RR  /\  B  e.  RR )  ->  ( * `  ( A  +  ( _i  x.  B ) ) )  =  ( A  -  ( _i  x.  B ) ) )
 
Theoremcjreim2 9725 The conjugate of the representation of a complex number in terms of real and imaginary parts. (Contributed by NM, 1-Jul-2005.) (Proof shortened by Mario Carneiro, 29-May-2016.)
 |-  ( ( A  e.  RR  /\  B  e.  RR )  ->  ( * `  ( A  -  ( _i  x.  B ) ) )  =  ( A  +  ( _i  x.  B ) ) )
 
Theoremcj11 9726 Complex conjugate is a one-to-one function. (Contributed by NM, 29-Apr-2005.) (Proof shortened by Eric Schmidt, 2-Jul-2009.)
 |-  ( ( A  e.  CC  /\  B  e.  CC )  ->  ( ( * `
  A )  =  ( * `  B ) 
 <->  A  =  B ) )
 
Theoremcjap 9727 Complex conjugate and apartness. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 14-Jun-2020.)
 |-  ( ( A  e.  CC  /\  B  e.  CC )  ->  ( ( * `
  A ) #  ( * `  B )  <->  A #  B ) )
 
Theoremcjap0 9728 A number is apart from zero iff its complex conjugate is apart from zero. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 14-Jun-2020.)
 |-  ( A  e.  CC  ->  ( A #  0  <->  ( * `  A ) #  0 )
 )
 
Theoremcjne0 9729 A number is nonzero iff its complex conjugate is nonzero. Also see cjap0 9728 which is similar but for apartness. (Contributed by NM, 29-Apr-2005.)
 |-  ( A  e.  CC  ->  ( A  =/=  0  <->  ( * `  A )  =/=  0 ) )
 
Theoremcjdivap 9730 Complex conjugate distributes over division. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 14-Jun-2020.)
 |-  ( ( A  e.  CC  /\  B  e.  CC  /\  B #  0 )  ->  ( * `  ( A 
 /  B ) )  =  ( ( * `
  A )  /  ( * `  B ) ) )
 
Theoremcnrecnv 9731* The inverse to the canonical bijection from  ( RR  X.  RR ) to  CC from cnref1o 8679. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 25-Aug-2014.)
 |-  F  =  ( x  e.  RR ,  y  e.  RR  |->  ( x  +  ( _i  x.  y
 ) ) )   =>    |-  `' F  =  ( z  e.  CC  |->  <.
 ( Re `  z
 ) ,  ( Im
 `  z ) >. )
 
Theoremrecli 9732 The real part of a complex number is real (closure law). (Contributed by NM, 11-May-1999.)
 |-  A  e.  CC   =>    |-  ( Re `  A )  e.  RR
 
Theoremimcli 9733 The imaginary part of a complex number is real (closure law). (Contributed by NM, 11-May-1999.)
 |-  A  e.  CC   =>    |-  ( Im `  A )  e.  RR
 
Theoremcjcli 9734 Closure law for complex conjugate. (Contributed by NM, 11-May-1999.)
 |-  A  e.  CC   =>    |-  ( * `  A )  e.  CC
 
Theoremreplimi 9735 Construct a complex number from its real and imaginary parts. (Contributed by NM, 1-Oct-1999.)
 |-  A  e.  CC   =>    |-  A  =  ( ( Re `  A )  +  ( _i  x.  ( Im `  A ) ) )
 
Theoremcjcji 9736 The conjugate of the conjugate is the original complex number. Proposition 10-3.4(e) of [Gleason] p. 133. (Contributed by NM, 11-May-1999.)
 |-  A  e.  CC   =>    |-  ( * `  ( * `  A ) )  =  A
 
Theoremreim0bi 9737 A number is real iff its imaginary part is 0. (Contributed by NM, 29-May-1999.)
 |-  A  e.  CC   =>    |-  ( A  e.  RR 
 <->  ( Im `  A )  =  0 )
 
Theoremrerebi 9738 A real number equals its real part. Proposition 10-3.4(f) of [Gleason] p. 133. (Contributed by NM, 27-Oct-1999.)
 |-  A  e.  CC   =>    |-  ( A  e.  RR 
 <->  ( Re `  A )  =  A )
 
Theoremcjrebi 9739 A number is real iff it equals its complex conjugate. Proposition 10-3.4(f) of [Gleason] p. 133. (Contributed by NM, 11-Oct-1999.)
 |-  A  e.  CC   =>    |-  ( A  e.  RR 
 <->  ( * `  A )  =  A )
 
Theoremrecji 9740 Real part of a complex conjugate. (Contributed by NM, 2-Oct-1999.)
 |-  A  e.  CC   =>    |-  ( Re `  ( * `  A ) )  =  ( Re
 `  A )
 
Theoremimcji 9741 Imaginary part of a complex conjugate. (Contributed by NM, 2-Oct-1999.)
 |-  A  e.  CC   =>    |-  ( Im `  ( * `  A ) )  =  -u ( Im `  A )
 
Theoremcjmulrcli 9742 A complex number times its conjugate is real. (Contributed by NM, 11-May-1999.)
 |-  A  e.  CC   =>    |-  ( A  x.  ( * `  A ) )  e.  RR
 
Theoremcjmulvali 9743 A complex number times its conjugate. (Contributed by NM, 2-Oct-1999.)
 |-  A  e.  CC   =>    |-  ( A  x.  ( * `  A ) )  =  ( ( ( Re `  A ) ^ 2 )  +  ( ( Im `  A ) ^ 2
 ) )
 
Theoremcjmulge0i 9744 A complex number times its conjugate is nonnegative. (Contributed by NM, 28-May-1999.)
 |-  A  e.  CC   =>    |-  0  <_  ( A  x.  ( * `  A ) )
 
Theoremrenegi 9745 Real part of negative. (Contributed by NM, 2-Aug-1999.)
 |-  A  e.  CC   =>    |-  ( Re `  -u A )  =  -u ( Re `  A )
 
Theoremimnegi 9746 Imaginary part of negative. (Contributed by NM, 2-Aug-1999.)
 |-  A  e.  CC   =>    |-  ( Im `  -u A )  =  -u ( Im `  A )
 
Theoremcjnegi 9747 Complex conjugate of negative. (Contributed by NM, 2-Aug-1999.)
 |-  A  e.  CC   =>    |-  ( * `  -u A )  =  -u ( * `  A )
 
Theoremaddcji 9748 A number plus its conjugate is twice its real part. Compare Proposition 10-3.4(h) of [Gleason] p. 133. (Contributed by NM, 2-Oct-1999.)
 |-  A  e.  CC   =>    |-  ( A  +  ( * `  A ) )  =  ( 2  x.  ( Re `  A ) )
 
Theoremreaddi 9749 Real part distributes over addition. (Contributed by NM, 28-Jul-1999.)
 |-  A  e.  CC   &    |-  B  e.  CC   =>    |-  ( Re `  ( A  +  B )
 )  =  ( ( Re `  A )  +  ( Re `  B ) )
 
Theoremimaddi 9750 Imaginary part distributes over addition. (Contributed by NM, 28-Jul-1999.)
 |-  A  e.  CC   &    |-  B  e.  CC   =>    |-  ( Im `  ( A  +  B )
 )  =  ( ( Im `  A )  +  ( Im `  B ) )
 
Theoremremuli 9751 Real part of a product. (Contributed by NM, 28-Jul-1999.)
 |-  A  e.  CC   &    |-  B  e.  CC   =>    |-  ( Re `  ( A  x.  B ) )  =  ( ( ( Re `  A )  x.  ( Re `  B ) )  -  ( ( Im `  A )  x.  ( Im `  B ) ) )
 
Theoremimmuli 9752 Imaginary part of a product. (Contributed by NM, 28-Jul-1999.)
 |-  A  e.  CC   &    |-  B  e.  CC   =>    |-  ( Im `  ( A  x.  B ) )  =  ( ( ( Re `  A )  x.  ( Im `  B ) )  +  ( ( Im `  A )  x.  ( Re `  B ) ) )
 
Theoremcjaddi 9753 Complex conjugate distributes over addition. Proposition 10-3.4(a) of [Gleason] p. 133. (Contributed by NM, 28-Jul-1999.)
 |-  A  e.  CC   &    |-  B  e.  CC   =>    |-  ( * `  ( A  +  B )
 )  =  ( ( * `  A )  +  ( * `  B ) )
 
Theoremcjmuli 9754 Complex conjugate distributes over multiplication. Proposition 10-3.4(c) of [Gleason] p. 133. (Contributed by NM, 28-Jul-1999.)
 |-  A  e.  CC   &    |-  B  e.  CC   =>    |-  ( * `  ( A  x.  B ) )  =  ( ( * `
  A )  x.  ( * `  B ) )
 
Theoremipcni 9755 Standard inner product on complex numbers. (Contributed by NM, 2-Oct-1999.)
 |-  A  e.  CC   &    |-  B  e.  CC   =>    |-  ( Re `  ( A  x.  ( * `  B ) ) )  =  ( ( ( Re `  A )  x.  ( Re `  B ) )  +  ( ( Im `  A )  x.  ( Im `  B ) ) )
 
Theoremcjdivapi 9756 Complex conjugate distributes over division. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 14-Jun-2020.)
 |-  A  e.  CC   &    |-  B  e.  CC   =>    |-  ( B #  0  ->  ( * `  ( A 
 /  B ) )  =  ( ( * `
  A )  /  ( * `  B ) ) )
 
Theoremcrrei 9757 The real part of a complex number representation. Definition 10-3.1 of [Gleason] p. 132. (Contributed by NM, 10-May-1999.)
 |-  A  e.  RR   &    |-  B  e.  RR   =>    |-  ( Re `  ( A  +  ( _i  x.  B ) ) )  =  A
 
Theoremcrimi 9758 The imaginary part of a complex number representation. Definition 10-3.1 of [Gleason] p. 132. (Contributed by NM, 10-May-1999.)
 |-  A  e.  RR   &    |-  B  e.  RR   =>    |-  ( Im `  ( A  +  ( _i  x.  B ) ) )  =  B
 
Theoremrecld 9759 The real part of a complex number is real (closure law). (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 29-May-2016.)
 |-  ( ph  ->  A  e.  CC )   =>    |-  ( ph  ->  ( Re `  A )  e. 
 RR )
 
Theoremimcld 9760 The imaginary part of a complex number is real (closure law). (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 29-May-2016.)
 |-  ( ph  ->  A  e.  CC )   =>    |-  ( ph  ->  ( Im `  A )  e. 
 RR )
 
Theoremcjcld 9761 Closure law for complex conjugate. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 29-May-2016.)
 |-  ( ph  ->  A  e.  CC )   =>    |-  ( ph  ->  ( * `  A )  e. 
 CC )
 
Theoremreplimd 9762 Construct a complex number from its real and imaginary parts. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 29-May-2016.)
 |-  ( ph  ->  A  e.  CC )   =>    |-  ( ph  ->  A  =  ( ( Re `  A )  +  ( _i  x.  ( Im `  A ) ) ) )
 
Theoremremimd 9763 Value of the conjugate of a complex number. The value is the real part minus  _i times the imaginary part. Definition 10-3.2 of [Gleason] p. 132. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 29-May-2016.)
 |-  ( ph  ->  A  e.  CC )   =>    |-  ( ph  ->  ( * `  A )  =  ( ( Re `  A )  -  ( _i  x.  ( Im `  A ) ) ) )
 
Theoremcjcjd 9764 The conjugate of the conjugate is the original complex number. Proposition 10-3.4(e) of [Gleason] p. 133. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 29-May-2016.)
 |-  ( ph  ->  A  e.  CC )   =>    |-  ( ph  ->  ( * `  ( * `  A ) )  =  A )
 
Theoremreim0bd 9765 A number is real iff its imaginary part is 0. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 29-May-2016.)
 |-  ( ph  ->  A  e.  CC )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  ( Im `  A )  =  0 )   =>    |-  ( ph  ->  A  e.  RR )
 
Theoremrerebd 9766 A real number equals its real part. Proposition 10-3.4(f) of [Gleason] p. 133. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 29-May-2016.)
 |-  ( ph  ->  A  e.  CC )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  ( Re `  A )  =  A )   =>    |-  ( ph  ->  A  e.  RR )
 
Theoremcjrebd 9767 A number is real iff it equals its complex conjugate. Proposition 10-3.4(f) of [Gleason] p. 133. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 29-May-2016.)
 |-  ( ph  ->  A  e.  CC )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  ( * `  A )  =  A )   =>    |-  ( ph  ->  A  e.  RR )
 
Theoremcjne0d 9768 A number which is nonzero has a complex conjugate which is nonzero. Also see cjap0d 9769 which is similar but for apartness. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 29-May-2016.)
 |-  ( ph  ->  A  e.  CC )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  A  =/=  0 )   =>    |-  ( ph  ->  ( * `  A )  =/=  0 )
 
Theoremcjap0d 9769 A number which is apart from zero has a complex conjugate which is apart from zero. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 11-Aug-2021.)
 |-  ( ph  ->  A  e.  CC )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  A #  0 )   =>    |-  ( ph  ->  ( * `  A ) #  0 )
 
Theoremrecjd 9770 Real part of a complex conjugate. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 29-May-2016.)
 |-  ( ph  ->  A  e.  CC )   =>    |-  ( ph  ->  ( Re `  ( * `  A ) )  =  ( Re `  A ) )
 
Theoremimcjd 9771 Imaginary part of a complex conjugate. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 29-May-2016.)
 |-  ( ph  ->  A  e.  CC )   =>    |-  ( ph  ->  ( Im `  ( * `  A ) )  =  -u ( Im `  A ) )
 
Theoremcjmulrcld 9772 A complex number times its conjugate is real. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 29-May-2016.)
 |-  ( ph  ->  A  e.  CC )   =>    |-  ( ph  ->  ( A  x.  ( * `  A ) )  e. 
 RR )
 
Theoremcjmulvald 9773 A complex number times its conjugate. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 29-May-2016.)
 |-  ( ph  ->  A  e.  CC )   =>    |-  ( ph  ->  ( A  x.  ( * `  A ) )  =  ( ( ( Re
 `  A ) ^
 2 )  +  (
 ( Im `  A ) ^ 2 ) ) )
 
Theoremcjmulge0d 9774 A complex number times its conjugate is nonnegative. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 29-May-2016.)
 |-  ( ph  ->  A  e.  CC )   =>    |-  ( ph  ->  0  <_  ( A  x.  ( * `  A ) ) )
 
Theoremrenegd 9775 Real part of negative. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 29-May-2016.)
 |-  ( ph  ->  A  e.  CC )   =>    |-  ( ph  ->  ( Re `  -u A )  =  -u ( Re `  A ) )
 
Theoremimnegd 9776 Imaginary part of negative. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 29-May-2016.)
 |-  ( ph  ->  A  e.  CC )   =>    |-  ( ph  ->  ( Im `  -u A )  =  -u ( Im `  A ) )
 
Theoremcjnegd 9777 Complex conjugate of negative. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 29-May-2016.)
 |-  ( ph  ->  A  e.  CC )   =>    |-  ( ph  ->  ( * `  -u A )  =  -u ( * `  A ) )
 
Theoremaddcjd 9778 A number plus its conjugate is twice its real part. Compare Proposition 10-3.4(h) of [Gleason] p. 133. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 29-May-2016.)
 |-  ( ph  ->  A  e.  CC )   =>    |-  ( ph  ->  ( A  +  ( * `  A ) )  =  ( 2  x.  ( Re `  A ) ) )
 
Theoremcjexpd 9779 Complex conjugate of positive integer exponentiation. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 29-May-2016.)
 |-  ( ph  ->  A  e.  CC )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  N  e.  NN0 )   =>    |-  ( ph  ->  ( * `  ( A ^ N ) )  =  ( ( * `  A ) ^ N ) )
 
Theoremreaddd 9780 Real part distributes over addition. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 29-May-2016.)
 |-  ( ph  ->  A  e.  CC )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  B  e.  CC )   =>    |-  ( ph  ->  ( Re `  ( A  +  B ) )  =  ( ( Re
 `  A )  +  ( Re `  B ) ) )
 
Theoremimaddd 9781 Imaginary part distributes over addition. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 29-May-2016.)
 |-  ( ph  ->  A  e.  CC )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  B  e.  CC )   =>    |-  ( ph  ->  ( Im `  ( A  +  B ) )  =  ( ( Im
 `  A )  +  ( Im `  B ) ) )
 
Theoremresubd 9782 Real part distributes over subtraction. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 29-May-2016.)
 |-  ( ph  ->  A  e.  CC )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  B  e.  CC )   =>    |-  ( ph  ->  ( Re `  ( A  -  B ) )  =  ( ( Re
 `  A )  -  ( Re `  B ) ) )
 
Theoremimsubd 9783 Imaginary part distributes over subtraction. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 29-May-2016.)
 |-  ( ph  ->  A  e.  CC )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  B  e.  CC )   =>    |-  ( ph  ->  ( Im `  ( A  -  B ) )  =  ( ( Im
 `  A )  -  ( Im `  B ) ) )
 
Theoremremuld 9784 Real part of a product. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 29-May-2016.)
 |-  ( ph  ->  A  e.  CC )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  B  e.  CC )   =>    |-  ( ph  ->  ( Re `  ( A  x.  B ) )  =  ( ( ( Re `  A )  x.  ( Re `  B ) )  -  ( ( Im `  A )  x.  ( Im `  B ) ) ) )
 
Theoremimmuld 9785 Imaginary part of a product. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 29-May-2016.)
 |-  ( ph  ->  A  e.  CC )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  B  e.  CC )   =>    |-  ( ph  ->  ( Im `  ( A  x.  B ) )  =  ( ( ( Re `  A )  x.  ( Im `  B ) )  +  ( ( Im `  A )  x.  ( Re `  B ) ) ) )
 
Theoremcjaddd 9786 Complex conjugate distributes over addition. Proposition 10-3.4(a) of [Gleason] p. 133. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 29-May-2016.)
 |-  ( ph  ->  A  e.  CC )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  B  e.  CC )   =>    |-  ( ph  ->  ( * `  ( A  +  B ) )  =  ( ( * `
  A )  +  ( * `  B ) ) )
 
Theoremcjmuld 9787 Complex conjugate distributes over multiplication. Proposition 10-3.4(c) of [Gleason] p. 133. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 29-May-2016.)
 |-  ( ph  ->  A  e.  CC )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  B  e.  CC )   =>    |-  ( ph  ->  ( * `  ( A  x.  B ) )  =  ( ( * `
  A )  x.  ( * `  B ) ) )
 
Theoremipcnd 9788 Standard inner product on complex numbers. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 29-May-2016.)
 |-  ( ph  ->  A  e.  CC )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  B  e.  CC )   =>    |-  ( ph  ->  ( Re `  ( A  x.  ( * `  B ) ) )  =  ( ( ( Re `  A )  x.  ( Re `  B ) )  +  ( ( Im `  A )  x.  ( Im `  B ) ) ) )
 
Theoremcjdivapd 9789 Complex conjugate distributes over division. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 15-Jun-2020.)
 |-  ( ph  ->  A  e.  CC )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  B  e.  CC )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  B #  0 )   =>    |-  ( ph  ->  ( * `  ( A  /  B ) )  =  ( ( * `  A ) 
 /  ( * `  B ) ) )
 
Theoremrered 9790 A real number equals its real part. One direction of Proposition 10-3.4(f) of [Gleason] p. 133. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 29-May-2016.)
 |-  ( ph  ->  A  e.  RR )   =>    |-  ( ph  ->  ( Re `  A )  =  A )
 
Theoremreim0d 9791 The imaginary part of a real number is 0. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 29-May-2016.)
 |-  ( ph  ->  A  e.  RR )   =>    |-  ( ph  ->  ( Im `  A )  =  0 )
 
Theoremcjred 9792 A real number equals its complex conjugate. Proposition 10-3.4(f) of [Gleason] p. 133. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 29-May-2016.)
 |-  ( ph  ->  A  e.  RR )   =>    |-  ( ph  ->  ( * `  A )  =  A )
 
Theoremremul2d 9793 Real part of a product. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 29-May-2016.)
 |-  ( ph  ->  A  e.  RR )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  B  e.  CC )   =>    |-  ( ph  ->  ( Re `  ( A  x.  B ) )  =  ( A  x.  ( Re `  B ) ) )
 
Theoremimmul2d 9794 Imaginary part of a product. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 29-May-2016.)
 |-  ( ph  ->  A  e.  RR )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  B  e.  CC )   =>    |-  ( ph  ->  ( Im `  ( A  x.  B ) )  =  ( A  x.  ( Im `  B ) ) )
 
Theoremredivapd 9795 Real part of a division. Related to remul2 9694. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 15-Jun-2020.)
 |-  ( ph  ->  A  e.  RR )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  B  e.  CC )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  A #  0 )   =>    |-  ( ph  ->  ( Re `  ( B  /  A ) )  =  ( ( Re `  B ) 
 /  A ) )
 
Theoremimdivapd 9796 Imaginary part of a division. Related to remul2 9694. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 15-Jun-2020.)
 |-  ( ph  ->  A  e.  RR )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  B  e.  CC )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  A #  0 )   =>    |-  ( ph  ->  ( Im `  ( B  /  A ) )  =  ( ( Im `  B ) 
 /  A ) )
 
Theoremcrred 9797 The real part of a complex number representation. Definition 10-3.1 of [Gleason] p. 132. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 29-May-2016.)
 |-  ( ph  ->  A  e.  RR )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  B  e.  RR )   =>    |-  ( ph  ->  ( Re `  ( A  +  ( _i  x.  B ) ) )  =  A )
 
Theoremcrimd 9798 The imaginary part of a complex number representation. Definition 10-3.1 of [Gleason] p. 132. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 29-May-2016.)
 |-  ( ph  ->  A  e.  RR )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  B  e.  RR )   =>    |-  ( ph  ->  ( Im `  ( A  +  ( _i  x.  B ) ) )  =  B )
 
3.7.3  Sequence convergence
 
Theoremcaucvgrelemrec 9799* Two ways to express a reciprocal. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 20-Jul-2021.)
 |-  ( ( A  e.  RR  /\  A #  0 ) 
 ->  ( iota_ r  e.  RR  ( A  x.  r
 )  =  1 )  =  ( 1  /  A ) )
 
Theoremcaucvgrelemcau 9800* Lemma for caucvgre 9801. Converting the Cauchy condition. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 20-Jul-2021.)
 |-  ( ph  ->  F : NN --> RR )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  A. n  e.  NN  A. k  e.  ( ZZ>= `  n ) ( ( F `  n )  <  ( ( F `
  k )  +  ( 1  /  n ) )  /\  ( F `
  k )  < 
 ( ( F `  n )  +  (
 1  /  n )
 ) ) )   =>    |-  ( ph  ->  A. n  e.  NN  A. k  e.  NN  ( n  <RR  k  ->  (
 ( F `  n )  <RR  ( ( F `
  k )  +  ( iota_ r  e.  RR  ( n  x.  r
 )  =  1 ) )  /\  ( F `
  k )  <RR  ( ( F `  n )  +  ( iota_ r  e. 
 RR  ( n  x.  r )  =  1
 ) ) ) ) )
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