|Description: "Barbara", one
of the fundamental syllogisms of Aristotelian logic. All
𝜑 is 𝜓, and all 𝜒 is 𝜑, therefore all 𝜒 is
𝜓. (In Aristotelian notation, AAA-1:
MaP and SaM therefore SaP.)
For example, given "All men are mortal" and "Socrates is
a man", we can
prove "Socrates is mortal". If H is the set of men, M is the
mortal beings, and S is Socrates, these word phrases can be represented
as ∀𝑥(𝑥 ∈ 𝐻 → 𝑥 ∈ 𝑀) (all men are mortal) and
∀𝑥(𝑥 = 𝑆 → 𝑥 ∈ 𝐻) (Socrates is a man) therefore
∀𝑥(𝑥 = 𝑆 → 𝑥 ∈ 𝑀) (Socrates is mortal). Russell and
Whitehead note that the "syllogism in Barbara is derived..."
syl 14. (quote after Theorem *2.06 of [WhiteheadRussell] p. 101). Most
of the proof is in alsyl 1542. There are a legion of sources for Barbara,
(Contributed by David A.