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Theorem congr 10689
 Description: Definition of congruence by integer multiple (see ProofWiki "Congruence (Number Theory)", 11-Jul-2021, https://proofwiki.org/wiki/Definition:Congruence_(Number_Theory)): An integer 𝐴 is congruent to an integer 𝐵 modulo 𝑀 if their difference is a multiple of 𝑀. See also the definition in [ApostolNT] p. 104: "... 𝑎 is congruent to 𝑏 modulo 𝑚, and we write 𝑎≡𝑏 (mod 𝑚) if 𝑚 divides the difference 𝑎 − 𝑏", or Wikipedia "Modular arithmetic - Congruence", https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Modular_arithmetic#Congruence, 11-Jul-2021,: "Given an integer n > 1, called a modulus, two integers are said to be congruent modulo n, if n is a divisor of their difference (i.e., if there is an integer k such that a-b = kn)". (Contributed by AV, 11-Jul-2021.)
Assertion
Ref Expression
congr ((𝐴 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑀 ∈ ℕ) → ((𝐴 mod 𝑀) = (𝐵 mod 𝑀) ↔ ∃𝑛 ∈ ℤ (𝑛 · 𝑀) = (𝐴𝐵)))
Distinct variable groups:   𝐴,𝑛   𝐵,𝑛   𝑛,𝑀

Proof of Theorem congr
StepHypRef Expression
1 moddvds 10412 . . 3 ((𝑀 ∈ ℕ ∧ 𝐴 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℤ) → ((𝐴 mod 𝑀) = (𝐵 mod 𝑀) ↔ 𝑀 ∥ (𝐴𝐵)))
213coml 1146 . 2 ((𝐴 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑀 ∈ ℕ) → ((𝐴 mod 𝑀) = (𝐵 mod 𝑀) ↔ 𝑀 ∥ (𝐴𝐵)))
3 simp3 941 . . . 4 ((𝐴 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑀 ∈ ℕ) → 𝑀 ∈ ℕ)
43nnzd 8601 . . 3 ((𝐴 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑀 ∈ ℕ) → 𝑀 ∈ ℤ)
5 zsubcl 8525 . . . 4 ((𝐴 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℤ) → (𝐴𝐵) ∈ ℤ)
653adant3 959 . . 3 ((𝐴 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑀 ∈ ℕ) → (𝐴𝐵) ∈ ℤ)
7 divides 10405 . . 3 ((𝑀 ∈ ℤ ∧ (𝐴𝐵) ∈ ℤ) → (𝑀 ∥ (𝐴𝐵) ↔ ∃𝑛 ∈ ℤ (𝑛 · 𝑀) = (𝐴𝐵)))
84, 6, 7syl2anc 403 . 2 ((𝐴 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑀 ∈ ℕ) → (𝑀 ∥ (𝐴𝐵) ↔ ∃𝑛 ∈ ℤ (𝑛 · 𝑀) = (𝐴𝐵)))
92, 8bitrd 186 1 ((𝐴 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑀 ∈ ℕ) → ((𝐴 mod 𝑀) = (𝐵 mod 𝑀) ↔ ∃𝑛 ∈ ℤ (𝑛 · 𝑀) = (𝐴𝐵)))
 Colors of variables: wff set class Syntax hints:   → wi 4   ↔ wb 103   ∧ w3a 920   = wceq 1285   ∈ wcel 1434  ∃wrex 2354   class class class wbr 3805  (class class class)co 5563   · cmul 7100   − cmin 7398  ℕcn 8158  ℤcz 8484   mod cmo 9456   ∥ cdvds 10403 This theorem was proved from axioms:  ax-1 5  ax-2 6  ax-mp 7  ax-ia1 104  ax-ia2 105  ax-ia3 106  ax-in1 577  ax-in2 578  ax-io 663  ax-5 1377  ax-7 1378  ax-gen 1379  ax-ie1 1423  ax-ie2 1424  ax-8 1436  ax-10 1437  ax-11 1438  ax-i12 1439  ax-bndl 1440  ax-4 1441  ax-13 1445  ax-14 1446  ax-17 1460  ax-i9 1464  ax-ial 1468  ax-i5r 1469  ax-ext 2065  ax-sep 3916  ax-pow 3968  ax-pr 3992  ax-un 4216  ax-setind 4308  ax-cnex 7181  ax-resscn 7182  ax-1cn 7183  ax-1re 7184  ax-icn 7185  ax-addcl 7186  ax-addrcl 7187  ax-mulcl 7188  ax-mulrcl 7189  ax-addcom 7190  ax-mulcom 7191  ax-addass 7192  ax-mulass 7193  ax-distr 7194  ax-i2m1 7195  ax-0lt1 7196  ax-1rid 7197  ax-0id 7198  ax-rnegex 7199  ax-precex 7200  ax-cnre 7201  ax-pre-ltirr 7202  ax-pre-ltwlin 7203  ax-pre-lttrn 7204  ax-pre-apti 7205  ax-pre-ltadd 7206  ax-pre-mulgt0 7207  ax-pre-mulext 7208  ax-arch 7209 This theorem depends on definitions:  df-bi 115  df-3or 921  df-3an 922  df-tru 1288  df-fal 1291  df-nf 1391  df-sb 1688  df-eu 1946  df-mo 1947  df-clab 2070  df-cleq 2076  df-clel 2079  df-nfc 2212  df-ne 2250  df-nel 2345  df-ral 2358  df-rex 2359  df-reu 2360  df-rmo 2361  df-rab 2362  df-v 2612  df-sbc 2825  df-csb 2918  df-dif 2984  df-un 2986  df-in 2988  df-ss 2995  df-pw 3402  df-sn 3422  df-pr 3423  df-op 3425  df-uni 3622  df-int 3657  df-iun 3700  df-br 3806  df-opab 3860  df-mpt 3861  df-id 4076  df-po 4079  df-iso 4080  df-xp 4397  df-rel 4398  df-cnv 4399  df-co 4400  df-dm 4401  df-rn 4402  df-res 4403  df-ima 4404  df-iota 4917  df-fun 4954  df-fn 4955  df-f 4956  df-fv 4960  df-riota 5519  df-ov 5566  df-oprab 5567  df-mpt2 5568  df-1st 5818  df-2nd 5819  df-pnf 7269  df-mnf 7270  df-xr 7271  df-ltxr 7272  df-le 7273  df-sub 7400  df-neg 7401  df-reap 7794  df-ap 7801  df-div 7880  df-inn 8159  df-n0 8408  df-z 8485  df-q 8838  df-rp 8868  df-fl 9404  df-mod 9457  df-dvds 10404 This theorem is referenced by:  cncongr1  10692
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