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Theorem divides 10110
Description: Define the divides relation. 𝑀𝑁 means 𝑀 divides into 𝑁 with no remainder. For example, 3 ∥ 6 (ex-dvds 10283). As proven in dvdsval3 10112, 𝑀𝑁 ↔ (𝑁 mod 𝑀) = 0. See divides 10110 and dvdsval2 10111 for other equivalent expressions. (Contributed by Paul Chapman, 21-Mar-2011.)
Assertion
Ref Expression
divides ((𝑀 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℤ) → (𝑀𝑁 ↔ ∃𝑛 ∈ ℤ (𝑛 · 𝑀) = 𝑁))
Distinct variable groups:   𝑛,𝑀   𝑛,𝑁

Proof of Theorem divides
Dummy variables 𝑥 𝑦 are mutually distinct and distinct from all other variables.
StepHypRef Expression
1 df-br 3793 . . 3 (𝑀𝑁 ↔ ⟨𝑀, 𝑁⟩ ∈ ∥ )
2 df-dvds 10109 . . . 4 ∥ = {⟨𝑥, 𝑦⟩ ∣ ((𝑥 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑦 ∈ ℤ) ∧ ∃𝑛 ∈ ℤ (𝑛 · 𝑥) = 𝑦)}
32eleq2i 2120 . . 3 (⟨𝑀, 𝑁⟩ ∈ ∥ ↔ ⟨𝑀, 𝑁⟩ ∈ {⟨𝑥, 𝑦⟩ ∣ ((𝑥 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑦 ∈ ℤ) ∧ ∃𝑛 ∈ ℤ (𝑛 · 𝑥) = 𝑦)})
41, 3bitri 177 . 2 (𝑀𝑁 ↔ ⟨𝑀, 𝑁⟩ ∈ {⟨𝑥, 𝑦⟩ ∣ ((𝑥 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑦 ∈ ℤ) ∧ ∃𝑛 ∈ ℤ (𝑛 · 𝑥) = 𝑦)})
5 oveq2 5548 . . . . 5 (𝑥 = 𝑀 → (𝑛 · 𝑥) = (𝑛 · 𝑀))
65eqeq1d 2064 . . . 4 (𝑥 = 𝑀 → ((𝑛 · 𝑥) = 𝑦 ↔ (𝑛 · 𝑀) = 𝑦))
76rexbidv 2344 . . 3 (𝑥 = 𝑀 → (∃𝑛 ∈ ℤ (𝑛 · 𝑥) = 𝑦 ↔ ∃𝑛 ∈ ℤ (𝑛 · 𝑀) = 𝑦))
8 eqeq2 2065 . . . 4 (𝑦 = 𝑁 → ((𝑛 · 𝑀) = 𝑦 ↔ (𝑛 · 𝑀) = 𝑁))
98rexbidv 2344 . . 3 (𝑦 = 𝑁 → (∃𝑛 ∈ ℤ (𝑛 · 𝑀) = 𝑦 ↔ ∃𝑛 ∈ ℤ (𝑛 · 𝑀) = 𝑁))
107, 9opelopab2 4035 . 2 ((𝑀 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℤ) → (⟨𝑀, 𝑁⟩ ∈ {⟨𝑥, 𝑦⟩ ∣ ((𝑥 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑦 ∈ ℤ) ∧ ∃𝑛 ∈ ℤ (𝑛 · 𝑥) = 𝑦)} ↔ ∃𝑛 ∈ ℤ (𝑛 · 𝑀) = 𝑁))
114, 10syl5bb 185 1 ((𝑀 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℤ) → (𝑀𝑁 ↔ ∃𝑛 ∈ ℤ (𝑛 · 𝑀) = 𝑁))
Colors of variables: wff set class
Syntax hints:  wi 4  wa 101  wb 102   = wceq 1259  wcel 1409  wrex 2324  cop 3406   class class class wbr 3792  {copab 3845  (class class class)co 5540   · cmul 6952  cz 8302  cdvds 10108
This theorem was proved from axioms:  ax-1 5  ax-2 6  ax-mp 7  ax-ia1 103  ax-ia2 104  ax-ia3 105  ax-io 640  ax-5 1352  ax-7 1353  ax-gen 1354  ax-ie1 1398  ax-ie2 1399  ax-8 1411  ax-10 1412  ax-11 1413  ax-i12 1414  ax-bndl 1415  ax-4 1416  ax-14 1421  ax-17 1435  ax-i9 1439  ax-ial 1443  ax-i5r 1444  ax-ext 2038  ax-sep 3903  ax-pow 3955  ax-pr 3972
This theorem depends on definitions:  df-bi 114  df-3an 898  df-tru 1262  df-nf 1366  df-sb 1662  df-eu 1919  df-mo 1920  df-clab 2043  df-cleq 2049  df-clel 2052  df-nfc 2183  df-rex 2329  df-v 2576  df-un 2950  df-in 2952  df-ss 2959  df-pw 3389  df-sn 3409  df-pr 3410  df-op 3412  df-uni 3609  df-br 3793  df-opab 3847  df-iota 4895  df-fv 4938  df-ov 5543  df-dvds 10109
This theorem is referenced by:  dvdsval2  10111  dvds0lem  10118  dvds1lem  10119  dvds2lem  10120  0dvds  10128  dvdsle  10156  divconjdvds  10161  odd2np1  10184  even2n  10185  oddm1even  10186  opeo  10209  omeo  10210  m1exp1  10213  divalgb  10237  modremain  10241
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