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Theorem lcmgcd 10667
Description: The product of two numbers' least common multiple and greatest common divisor is the absolute value of the product of the two numbers. In particular, that absolute value is the least common multiple of two coprime numbers, for which (𝑀 gcd 𝑁) = 1.

Multiple methods exist for proving this, and it is often proven either as a consequence of the fundamental theorem of arithmetic or of Bézout's identity bezout 10607; see e.g. https://proofwiki.org/wiki/Product_of_GCD_and_LCM and https://math.stackexchange.com/a/470827. This proof uses the latter to first confirm it for positive integers 𝑀 and 𝑁 (the "Second Proof" in the above Stack Exchange page), then shows that implies it for all nonzero integer inputs, then finally uses lcm0val 10654 to show it applies when either or both inputs are zero. (Contributed by Steve Rodriguez, 20-Jan-2020.)

Assertion
Ref Expression
lcmgcd ((𝑀 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℤ) → ((𝑀 lcm 𝑁) · (𝑀 gcd 𝑁)) = (abs‘(𝑀 · 𝑁)))

Proof of Theorem lcmgcd
StepHypRef Expression
1 gcdcl 10565 . . . . . . . 8 ((𝑀 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℤ) → (𝑀 gcd 𝑁) ∈ ℕ0)
21nn0cnd 8462 . . . . . . 7 ((𝑀 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℤ) → (𝑀 gcd 𝑁) ∈ ℂ)
32mul02d 7615 . . . . . 6 ((𝑀 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℤ) → (0 · (𝑀 gcd 𝑁)) = 0)
4 0z 8495 . . . . . . . . . 10 0 ∈ ℤ
5 lcmcom 10653 . . . . . . . . . 10 ((𝑁 ∈ ℤ ∧ 0 ∈ ℤ) → (𝑁 lcm 0) = (0 lcm 𝑁))
64, 5mpan2 416 . . . . . . . . 9 (𝑁 ∈ ℤ → (𝑁 lcm 0) = (0 lcm 𝑁))
7 lcm0val 10654 . . . . . . . . 9 (𝑁 ∈ ℤ → (𝑁 lcm 0) = 0)
86, 7eqtr3d 2117 . . . . . . . 8 (𝑁 ∈ ℤ → (0 lcm 𝑁) = 0)
98adantl 271 . . . . . . 7 ((𝑀 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℤ) → (0 lcm 𝑁) = 0)
109oveq1d 5578 . . . . . 6 ((𝑀 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℤ) → ((0 lcm 𝑁) · (𝑀 gcd 𝑁)) = (0 · (𝑀 gcd 𝑁)))
11 zcn 8489 . . . . . . . . 9 (𝑁 ∈ ℤ → 𝑁 ∈ ℂ)
1211adantl 271 . . . . . . . 8 ((𝑀 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℤ) → 𝑁 ∈ ℂ)
1312mul02d 7615 . . . . . . 7 ((𝑀 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℤ) → (0 · 𝑁) = 0)
1413abs00bd 10153 . . . . . 6 ((𝑀 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℤ) → (abs‘(0 · 𝑁)) = 0)
153, 10, 143eqtr4d 2125 . . . . 5 ((𝑀 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℤ) → ((0 lcm 𝑁) · (𝑀 gcd 𝑁)) = (abs‘(0 · 𝑁)))
1615adantr 270 . . . 4 (((𝑀 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℤ) ∧ 𝑀 = 0) → ((0 lcm 𝑁) · (𝑀 gcd 𝑁)) = (abs‘(0 · 𝑁)))
17 simpr 108 . . . . . 6 (((𝑀 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℤ) ∧ 𝑀 = 0) → 𝑀 = 0)
1817oveq1d 5578 . . . . 5 (((𝑀 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℤ) ∧ 𝑀 = 0) → (𝑀 lcm 𝑁) = (0 lcm 𝑁))
1918oveq1d 5578 . . . 4 (((𝑀 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℤ) ∧ 𝑀 = 0) → ((𝑀 lcm 𝑁) · (𝑀 gcd 𝑁)) = ((0 lcm 𝑁) · (𝑀 gcd 𝑁)))
2017oveq1d 5578 . . . . 5 (((𝑀 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℤ) ∧ 𝑀 = 0) → (𝑀 · 𝑁) = (0 · 𝑁))
2120fveq2d 5233 . . . 4 (((𝑀 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℤ) ∧ 𝑀 = 0) → (abs‘(𝑀 · 𝑁)) = (abs‘(0 · 𝑁)))
2216, 19, 213eqtr4d 2125 . . 3 (((𝑀 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℤ) ∧ 𝑀 = 0) → ((𝑀 lcm 𝑁) · (𝑀 gcd 𝑁)) = (abs‘(𝑀 · 𝑁)))
23 lcm0val 10654 . . . . . . . 8 (𝑀 ∈ ℤ → (𝑀 lcm 0) = 0)
2423adantr 270 . . . . . . 7 ((𝑀 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℤ) → (𝑀 lcm 0) = 0)
2524oveq1d 5578 . . . . . 6 ((𝑀 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℤ) → ((𝑀 lcm 0) · (𝑀 gcd 𝑁)) = (0 · (𝑀 gcd 𝑁)))
26 zcn 8489 . . . . . . . . 9 (𝑀 ∈ ℤ → 𝑀 ∈ ℂ)
2726adantr 270 . . . . . . . 8 ((𝑀 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℤ) → 𝑀 ∈ ℂ)
2827mul01d 7616 . . . . . . 7 ((𝑀 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℤ) → (𝑀 · 0) = 0)
2928abs00bd 10153 . . . . . 6 ((𝑀 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℤ) → (abs‘(𝑀 · 0)) = 0)
303, 25, 293eqtr4d 2125 . . . . 5 ((𝑀 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℤ) → ((𝑀 lcm 0) · (𝑀 gcd 𝑁)) = (abs‘(𝑀 · 0)))
3130adantr 270 . . . 4 (((𝑀 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℤ) ∧ 𝑁 = 0) → ((𝑀 lcm 0) · (𝑀 gcd 𝑁)) = (abs‘(𝑀 · 0)))
32 simpr 108 . . . . . 6 (((𝑀 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℤ) ∧ 𝑁 = 0) → 𝑁 = 0)
3332oveq2d 5579 . . . . 5 (((𝑀 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℤ) ∧ 𝑁 = 0) → (𝑀 lcm 𝑁) = (𝑀 lcm 0))
3433oveq1d 5578 . . . 4 (((𝑀 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℤ) ∧ 𝑁 = 0) → ((𝑀 lcm 𝑁) · (𝑀 gcd 𝑁)) = ((𝑀 lcm 0) · (𝑀 gcd 𝑁)))
3532oveq2d 5579 . . . . 5 (((𝑀 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℤ) ∧ 𝑁 = 0) → (𝑀 · 𝑁) = (𝑀 · 0))
3635fveq2d 5233 . . . 4 (((𝑀 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℤ) ∧ 𝑁 = 0) → (abs‘(𝑀 · 𝑁)) = (abs‘(𝑀 · 0)))
3731, 34, 363eqtr4d 2125 . . 3 (((𝑀 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℤ) ∧ 𝑁 = 0) → ((𝑀 lcm 𝑁) · (𝑀 gcd 𝑁)) = (abs‘(𝑀 · 𝑁)))
3822, 37jaodan 744 . 2 (((𝑀 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℤ) ∧ (𝑀 = 0 ∨ 𝑁 = 0)) → ((𝑀 lcm 𝑁) · (𝑀 gcd 𝑁)) = (abs‘(𝑀 · 𝑁)))
39 neanior 2336 . . . . 5 ((𝑀 ≠ 0 ∧ 𝑁 ≠ 0) ↔ ¬ (𝑀 = 0 ∨ 𝑁 = 0))
40 nnabscl 10187 . . . . . . 7 ((𝑀 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑀 ≠ 0) → (abs‘𝑀) ∈ ℕ)
41 nnabscl 10187 . . . . . . 7 ((𝑁 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑁 ≠ 0) → (abs‘𝑁) ∈ ℕ)
4240, 41anim12i 331 . . . . . 6 (((𝑀 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑀 ≠ 0) ∧ (𝑁 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑁 ≠ 0)) → ((abs‘𝑀) ∈ ℕ ∧ (abs‘𝑁) ∈ ℕ))
4342an4s 553 . . . . 5 (((𝑀 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℤ) ∧ (𝑀 ≠ 0 ∧ 𝑁 ≠ 0)) → ((abs‘𝑀) ∈ ℕ ∧ (abs‘𝑁) ∈ ℕ))
4439, 43sylan2br 282 . . . 4 (((𝑀 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℤ) ∧ ¬ (𝑀 = 0 ∨ 𝑁 = 0)) → ((abs‘𝑀) ∈ ℕ ∧ (abs‘𝑁) ∈ ℕ))
45 lcmgcdlem 10666 . . . . 5 (((abs‘𝑀) ∈ ℕ ∧ (abs‘𝑁) ∈ ℕ) → ((((abs‘𝑀) lcm (abs‘𝑁)) · ((abs‘𝑀) gcd (abs‘𝑁))) = (abs‘((abs‘𝑀) · (abs‘𝑁))) ∧ ((0 ∈ ℕ ∧ ((abs‘𝑀) ∥ 0 ∧ (abs‘𝑁) ∥ 0)) → ((abs‘𝑀) lcm (abs‘𝑁)) ∥ 0)))
4645simpld 110 . . . 4 (((abs‘𝑀) ∈ ℕ ∧ (abs‘𝑁) ∈ ℕ) → (((abs‘𝑀) lcm (abs‘𝑁)) · ((abs‘𝑀) gcd (abs‘𝑁))) = (abs‘((abs‘𝑀) · (abs‘𝑁))))
4744, 46syl 14 . . 3 (((𝑀 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℤ) ∧ ¬ (𝑀 = 0 ∨ 𝑁 = 0)) → (((abs‘𝑀) lcm (abs‘𝑁)) · ((abs‘𝑀) gcd (abs‘𝑁))) = (abs‘((abs‘𝑀) · (abs‘𝑁))))
48 lcmabs 10665 . . . . 5 ((𝑀 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℤ) → ((abs‘𝑀) lcm (abs‘𝑁)) = (𝑀 lcm 𝑁))
49 gcdabs 10586 . . . . 5 ((𝑀 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℤ) → ((abs‘𝑀) gcd (abs‘𝑁)) = (𝑀 gcd 𝑁))
5048, 49oveq12d 5581 . . . 4 ((𝑀 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℤ) → (((abs‘𝑀) lcm (abs‘𝑁)) · ((abs‘𝑀) gcd (abs‘𝑁))) = ((𝑀 lcm 𝑁) · (𝑀 gcd 𝑁)))
5150adantr 270 . . 3 (((𝑀 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℤ) ∧ ¬ (𝑀 = 0 ∨ 𝑁 = 0)) → (((abs‘𝑀) lcm (abs‘𝑁)) · ((abs‘𝑀) gcd (abs‘𝑁))) = ((𝑀 lcm 𝑁) · (𝑀 gcd 𝑁)))
52 absidm 10185 . . . . . . 7 (𝑀 ∈ ℂ → (abs‘(abs‘𝑀)) = (abs‘𝑀))
53 absidm 10185 . . . . . . 7 (𝑁 ∈ ℂ → (abs‘(abs‘𝑁)) = (abs‘𝑁))
5452, 53oveqan12d 5582 . . . . . 6 ((𝑀 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℂ) → ((abs‘(abs‘𝑀)) · (abs‘(abs‘𝑁))) = ((abs‘𝑀) · (abs‘𝑁)))
5526, 11, 54syl2an 283 . . . . 5 ((𝑀 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℤ) → ((abs‘(abs‘𝑀)) · (abs‘(abs‘𝑁))) = ((abs‘𝑀) · (abs‘𝑁)))
56 nn0abscl 10172 . . . . . . . 8 (𝑀 ∈ ℤ → (abs‘𝑀) ∈ ℕ0)
5756nn0cnd 8462 . . . . . . 7 (𝑀 ∈ ℤ → (abs‘𝑀) ∈ ℂ)
5857adantr 270 . . . . . 6 ((𝑀 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℤ) → (abs‘𝑀) ∈ ℂ)
59 nn0abscl 10172 . . . . . . . 8 (𝑁 ∈ ℤ → (abs‘𝑁) ∈ ℕ0)
6059nn0cnd 8462 . . . . . . 7 (𝑁 ∈ ℤ → (abs‘𝑁) ∈ ℂ)
6160adantl 271 . . . . . 6 ((𝑀 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℤ) → (abs‘𝑁) ∈ ℂ)
6258, 61absmuld 10281 . . . . 5 ((𝑀 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℤ) → (abs‘((abs‘𝑀) · (abs‘𝑁))) = ((abs‘(abs‘𝑀)) · (abs‘(abs‘𝑁))))
6327, 12absmuld 10281 . . . . 5 ((𝑀 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℤ) → (abs‘(𝑀 · 𝑁)) = ((abs‘𝑀) · (abs‘𝑁)))
6455, 62, 633eqtr4d 2125 . . . 4 ((𝑀 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℤ) → (abs‘((abs‘𝑀) · (abs‘𝑁))) = (abs‘(𝑀 · 𝑁)))
6564adantr 270 . . 3 (((𝑀 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℤ) ∧ ¬ (𝑀 = 0 ∨ 𝑁 = 0)) → (abs‘((abs‘𝑀) · (abs‘𝑁))) = (abs‘(𝑀 · 𝑁)))
6647, 51, 653eqtr3d 2123 . 2 (((𝑀 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℤ) ∧ ¬ (𝑀 = 0 ∨ 𝑁 = 0)) → ((𝑀 lcm 𝑁) · (𝑀 gcd 𝑁)) = (abs‘(𝑀 · 𝑁)))
67 lcmmndc 10651 . . 3 ((𝑀 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℤ) → DECID (𝑀 = 0 ∨ 𝑁 = 0))
68 exmiddc 778 . . 3 (DECID (𝑀 = 0 ∨ 𝑁 = 0) → ((𝑀 = 0 ∨ 𝑁 = 0) ∨ ¬ (𝑀 = 0 ∨ 𝑁 = 0)))
6967, 68syl 14 . 2 ((𝑀 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℤ) → ((𝑀 = 0 ∨ 𝑁 = 0) ∨ ¬ (𝑀 = 0 ∨ 𝑁 = 0)))
7038, 66, 69mpjaodan 745 1 ((𝑀 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℤ) → ((𝑀 lcm 𝑁) · (𝑀 gcd 𝑁)) = (abs‘(𝑀 · 𝑁)))
Colors of variables: wff set class
Syntax hints:  ¬ wn 3  wi 4  wa 102  wo 662  DECID wdc 776   = wceq 1285  wcel 1434  wne 2249   class class class wbr 3805  cfv 4952  (class class class)co 5563  cc 7093  0cc0 7095   · cmul 7100  cn 8158  cz 8484  abscabs 10084  cdvds 10403   gcd cgcd 10545   lcm clcm 10649
This theorem was proved from axioms:  ax-1 5  ax-2 6  ax-mp 7  ax-ia1 104  ax-ia2 105  ax-ia3 106  ax-in1 577  ax-in2 578  ax-io 663  ax-5 1377  ax-7 1378  ax-gen 1379  ax-ie1 1423  ax-ie2 1424  ax-8 1436  ax-10 1437  ax-11 1438  ax-i12 1439  ax-bndl 1440  ax-4 1441  ax-13 1445  ax-14 1446  ax-17 1460  ax-i9 1464  ax-ial 1468  ax-i5r 1469  ax-ext 2065  ax-coll 3913  ax-sep 3916  ax-nul 3924  ax-pow 3968  ax-pr 3992  ax-un 4216  ax-setind 4308  ax-iinf 4357  ax-cnex 7181  ax-resscn 7182  ax-1cn 7183  ax-1re 7184  ax-icn 7185  ax-addcl 7186  ax-addrcl 7187  ax-mulcl 7188  ax-mulrcl 7189  ax-addcom 7190  ax-mulcom 7191  ax-addass 7192  ax-mulass 7193  ax-distr 7194  ax-i2m1 7195  ax-0lt1 7196  ax-1rid 7197  ax-0id 7198  ax-rnegex 7199  ax-precex 7200  ax-cnre 7201  ax-pre-ltirr 7202  ax-pre-ltwlin 7203  ax-pre-lttrn 7204  ax-pre-apti 7205  ax-pre-ltadd 7206  ax-pre-mulgt0 7207  ax-pre-mulext 7208  ax-arch 7209  ax-caucvg 7210
This theorem depends on definitions:  df-bi 115  df-dc 777  df-3or 921  df-3an 922  df-tru 1288  df-fal 1291  df-nf 1391  df-sb 1688  df-eu 1946  df-mo 1947  df-clab 2070  df-cleq 2076  df-clel 2079  df-nfc 2212  df-ne 2250  df-nel 2345  df-ral 2358  df-rex 2359  df-reu 2360  df-rmo 2361  df-rab 2362  df-v 2612  df-sbc 2825  df-csb 2918  df-dif 2984  df-un 2986  df-in 2988  df-ss 2995  df-nul 3268  df-if 3369  df-pw 3402  df-sn 3422  df-pr 3423  df-op 3425  df-uni 3622  df-int 3657  df-iun 3700  df-br 3806  df-opab 3860  df-mpt 3861  df-tr 3896  df-id 4076  df-po 4079  df-iso 4080  df-iord 4149  df-on 4151  df-ilim 4152  df-suc 4154  df-iom 4360  df-xp 4397  df-rel 4398  df-cnv 4399  df-co 4400  df-dm 4401  df-rn 4402  df-res 4403  df-ima 4404  df-iota 4917  df-fun 4954  df-fn 4955  df-f 4956  df-f1 4957  df-fo 4958  df-f1o 4959  df-fv 4960  df-isom 4961  df-riota 5519  df-ov 5566  df-oprab 5567  df-mpt2 5568  df-1st 5818  df-2nd 5819  df-recs 5974  df-frec 6060  df-sup 6491  df-inf 6492  df-pnf 7269  df-mnf 7270  df-xr 7271  df-ltxr 7272  df-le 7273  df-sub 7400  df-neg 7401  df-reap 7794  df-ap 7801  df-div 7880  df-inn 8159  df-2 8217  df-3 8218  df-4 8219  df-n0 8408  df-z 8485  df-uz 8753  df-q 8838  df-rp 8868  df-fz 9158  df-fzo 9282  df-fl 9404  df-mod 9457  df-iseq 9574  df-iexp 9625  df-cj 9930  df-re 9931  df-im 9932  df-rsqrt 10085  df-abs 10086  df-dvds 10404  df-gcd 10546  df-lcm 10650
This theorem is referenced by:  lcmid  10669  lcm1  10670  lcmgcdnn  10671
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