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Theorem List for Intuitionistic Logic Explorer - 2601-2700   *Has distinct variable group(s)
TypeLabelDescription
Statement
 
Theoremceqsalv 2601* A representation of explicit substitution of a class for a variable, inferred from an implicit substitution hypothesis. (Contributed by NM, 18-Aug-1993.)
𝐴 ∈ V    &   (𝑥 = 𝐴 → (𝜑𝜓))       (∀𝑥(𝑥 = 𝐴𝜑) ↔ 𝜓)
 
Theoremceqsralv 2602* Restricted quantifier version of ceqsalv 2601. (Contributed by NM, 21-Jun-2013.)
(𝑥 = 𝐴 → (𝜑𝜓))       (𝐴𝐵 → (∀𝑥𝐵 (𝑥 = 𝐴𝜑) ↔ 𝜓))
 
Theoremgencl 2603* Implicit substitution for class with embedded variable. (Contributed by NM, 17-May-1996.)
(𝜃 ↔ ∃𝑥(𝜒𝐴 = 𝐵))    &   (𝐴 = 𝐵 → (𝜑𝜓))    &   (𝜒𝜑)       (𝜃𝜓)
 
Theorem2gencl 2604* Implicit substitution for class with embedded variable. (Contributed by NM, 17-May-1996.)
(𝐶𝑆 ↔ ∃𝑥𝑅 𝐴 = 𝐶)    &   (𝐷𝑆 ↔ ∃𝑦𝑅 𝐵 = 𝐷)    &   (𝐴 = 𝐶 → (𝜑𝜓))    &   (𝐵 = 𝐷 → (𝜓𝜒))    &   ((𝑥𝑅𝑦𝑅) → 𝜑)       ((𝐶𝑆𝐷𝑆) → 𝜒)
 
Theorem3gencl 2605* Implicit substitution for class with embedded variable. (Contributed by NM, 17-May-1996.)
(𝐷𝑆 ↔ ∃𝑥𝑅 𝐴 = 𝐷)    &   (𝐹𝑆 ↔ ∃𝑦𝑅 𝐵 = 𝐹)    &   (𝐺𝑆 ↔ ∃𝑧𝑅 𝐶 = 𝐺)    &   (𝐴 = 𝐷 → (𝜑𝜓))    &   (𝐵 = 𝐹 → (𝜓𝜒))    &   (𝐶 = 𝐺 → (𝜒𝜃))    &   ((𝑥𝑅𝑦𝑅𝑧𝑅) → 𝜑)       ((𝐷𝑆𝐹𝑆𝐺𝑆) → 𝜃)
 
Theoremcgsexg 2606* Implicit substitution inference for general classes. (Contributed by NM, 26-Aug-2007.)
(𝑥 = 𝐴𝜒)    &   (𝜒 → (𝜑𝜓))       (𝐴𝑉 → (∃𝑥(𝜒𝜑) ↔ 𝜓))
 
Theoremcgsex2g 2607* Implicit substitution inference for general classes. (Contributed by NM, 26-Jul-1995.)
((𝑥 = 𝐴𝑦 = 𝐵) → 𝜒)    &   (𝜒 → (𝜑𝜓))       ((𝐴𝑉𝐵𝑊) → (∃𝑥𝑦(𝜒𝜑) ↔ 𝜓))
 
Theoremcgsex4g 2608* An implicit substitution inference for 4 general classes. (Contributed by NM, 5-Aug-1995.)
(((𝑥 = 𝐴𝑦 = 𝐵) ∧ (𝑧 = 𝐶𝑤 = 𝐷)) → 𝜒)    &   (𝜒 → (𝜑𝜓))       (((𝐴𝑅𝐵𝑆) ∧ (𝐶𝑅𝐷𝑆)) → (∃𝑥𝑦𝑧𝑤(𝜒𝜑) ↔ 𝜓))
 
Theoremceqsex 2609* Elimination of an existential quantifier, using implicit substitution. (Contributed by NM, 2-Mar-1995.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 10-Oct-2016.)
𝑥𝜓    &   𝐴 ∈ V    &   (𝑥 = 𝐴 → (𝜑𝜓))       (∃𝑥(𝑥 = 𝐴𝜑) ↔ 𝜓)
 
Theoremceqsexv 2610* Elimination of an existential quantifier, using implicit substitution. (Contributed by NM, 2-Mar-1995.)
𝐴 ∈ V    &   (𝑥 = 𝐴 → (𝜑𝜓))       (∃𝑥(𝑥 = 𝐴𝜑) ↔ 𝜓)
 
Theoremceqsex2 2611* Elimination of two existential quantifiers, using implicit substitution. (Contributed by Scott Fenton, 7-Jun-2006.)
𝑥𝜓    &   𝑦𝜒    &   𝐴 ∈ V    &   𝐵 ∈ V    &   (𝑥 = 𝐴 → (𝜑𝜓))    &   (𝑦 = 𝐵 → (𝜓𝜒))       (∃𝑥𝑦(𝑥 = 𝐴𝑦 = 𝐵𝜑) ↔ 𝜒)
 
Theoremceqsex2v 2612* Elimination of two existential quantifiers, using implicit substitution. (Contributed by Scott Fenton, 7-Jun-2006.)
𝐴 ∈ V    &   𝐵 ∈ V    &   (𝑥 = 𝐴 → (𝜑𝜓))    &   (𝑦 = 𝐵 → (𝜓𝜒))       (∃𝑥𝑦(𝑥 = 𝐴𝑦 = 𝐵𝜑) ↔ 𝜒)
 
Theoremceqsex3v 2613* Elimination of three existential quantifiers, using implicit substitution. (Contributed by NM, 16-Aug-2011.)
𝐴 ∈ V    &   𝐵 ∈ V    &   𝐶 ∈ V    &   (𝑥 = 𝐴 → (𝜑𝜓))    &   (𝑦 = 𝐵 → (𝜓𝜒))    &   (𝑧 = 𝐶 → (𝜒𝜃))       (∃𝑥𝑦𝑧((𝑥 = 𝐴𝑦 = 𝐵𝑧 = 𝐶) ∧ 𝜑) ↔ 𝜃)
 
Theoremceqsex4v 2614* Elimination of four existential quantifiers, using implicit substitution. (Contributed by NM, 23-Sep-2011.)
𝐴 ∈ V    &   𝐵 ∈ V    &   𝐶 ∈ V    &   𝐷 ∈ V    &   (𝑥 = 𝐴 → (𝜑𝜓))    &   (𝑦 = 𝐵 → (𝜓𝜒))    &   (𝑧 = 𝐶 → (𝜒𝜃))    &   (𝑤 = 𝐷 → (𝜃𝜏))       (∃𝑥𝑦𝑧𝑤((𝑥 = 𝐴𝑦 = 𝐵) ∧ (𝑧 = 𝐶𝑤 = 𝐷) ∧ 𝜑) ↔ 𝜏)
 
Theoremceqsex6v 2615* Elimination of six existential quantifiers, using implicit substitution. (Contributed by NM, 21-Sep-2011.)
𝐴 ∈ V    &   𝐵 ∈ V    &   𝐶 ∈ V    &   𝐷 ∈ V    &   𝐸 ∈ V    &   𝐹 ∈ V    &   (𝑥 = 𝐴 → (𝜑𝜓))    &   (𝑦 = 𝐵 → (𝜓𝜒))    &   (𝑧 = 𝐶 → (𝜒𝜃))    &   (𝑤 = 𝐷 → (𝜃𝜏))    &   (𝑣 = 𝐸 → (𝜏𝜂))    &   (𝑢 = 𝐹 → (𝜂𝜁))       (∃𝑥𝑦𝑧𝑤𝑣𝑢((𝑥 = 𝐴𝑦 = 𝐵𝑧 = 𝐶) ∧ (𝑤 = 𝐷𝑣 = 𝐸𝑢 = 𝐹) ∧ 𝜑) ↔ 𝜁)
 
Theoremceqsex8v 2616* Elimination of eight existential quantifiers, using implicit substitution. (Contributed by NM, 23-Sep-2011.)
𝐴 ∈ V    &   𝐵 ∈ V    &   𝐶 ∈ V    &   𝐷 ∈ V    &   𝐸 ∈ V    &   𝐹 ∈ V    &   𝐺 ∈ V    &   𝐻 ∈ V    &   (𝑥 = 𝐴 → (𝜑𝜓))    &   (𝑦 = 𝐵 → (𝜓𝜒))    &   (𝑧 = 𝐶 → (𝜒𝜃))    &   (𝑤 = 𝐷 → (𝜃𝜏))    &   (𝑣 = 𝐸 → (𝜏𝜂))    &   (𝑢 = 𝐹 → (𝜂𝜁))    &   (𝑡 = 𝐺 → (𝜁𝜎))    &   (𝑠 = 𝐻 → (𝜎𝜌))       (∃𝑥𝑦𝑧𝑤𝑣𝑢𝑡𝑠(((𝑥 = 𝐴𝑦 = 𝐵) ∧ (𝑧 = 𝐶𝑤 = 𝐷)) ∧ ((𝑣 = 𝐸𝑢 = 𝐹) ∧ (𝑡 = 𝐺𝑠 = 𝐻)) ∧ 𝜑) ↔ 𝜌)
 
Theoremgencbvex 2617* Change of bound variable using implicit substitution. (Contributed by NM, 17-May-1996.) (Proof shortened by Andrew Salmon, 8-Jun-2011.)
𝐴 ∈ V    &   (𝐴 = 𝑦 → (𝜑𝜓))    &   (𝐴 = 𝑦 → (𝜒𝜃))    &   (𝜃 ↔ ∃𝑥(𝜒𝐴 = 𝑦))       (∃𝑥(𝜒𝜑) ↔ ∃𝑦(𝜃𝜓))
 
Theoremgencbvex2 2618* Restatement of gencbvex 2617 with weaker hypotheses. (Contributed by Jeff Hankins, 6-Dec-2006.)
𝐴 ∈ V    &   (𝐴 = 𝑦 → (𝜑𝜓))    &   (𝐴 = 𝑦 → (𝜒𝜃))    &   (𝜃 → ∃𝑥(𝜒𝐴 = 𝑦))       (∃𝑥(𝜒𝜑) ↔ ∃𝑦(𝜃𝜓))
 
Theoremgencbval 2619* Change of bound variable using implicit substitution. (Contributed by NM, 17-May-1996.) (Proof rewritten by Jim Kingdon, 20-Jun-2018.)
𝐴 ∈ V    &   (𝐴 = 𝑦 → (𝜑𝜓))    &   (𝐴 = 𝑦 → (𝜒𝜃))    &   (𝜃 ↔ ∃𝑥(𝜒𝐴 = 𝑦))       (∀𝑥(𝜒𝜑) ↔ ∀𝑦(𝜃𝜓))
 
Theoremsbhypf 2620* Introduce an explicit substitution into an implicit substitution hypothesis. See also csbhypf . (Contributed by Raph Levien, 10-Apr-2004.)
𝑥𝜓    &   (𝑥 = 𝐴 → (𝜑𝜓))       (𝑦 = 𝐴 → ([𝑦 / 𝑥]𝜑𝜓))
 
Theoremvtoclgft 2621 Closed theorem form of vtoclgf 2629. (Contributed by NM, 17-Feb-2013.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 12-Oct-2016.)
(((𝑥𝐴 ∧ Ⅎ𝑥𝜓) ∧ (∀𝑥(𝑥 = 𝐴 → (𝜑𝜓)) ∧ ∀𝑥𝜑) ∧ 𝐴𝑉) → 𝜓)
 
Theoremvtocldf 2622 Implicit substitution of a class for a setvar variable. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 15-Oct-2016.)
(𝜑𝐴𝑉)    &   ((𝜑𝑥 = 𝐴) → (𝜓𝜒))    &   (𝜑𝜓)    &   𝑥𝜑    &   (𝜑𝑥𝐴)    &   (𝜑 → Ⅎ𝑥𝜒)       (𝜑𝜒)
 
Theoremvtocld 2623* Implicit substitution of a class for a setvar variable. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 15-Oct-2016.)
(𝜑𝐴𝑉)    &   ((𝜑𝑥 = 𝐴) → (𝜓𝜒))    &   (𝜑𝜓)       (𝜑𝜒)
 
Theoremvtoclf 2624* Implicit substitution of a class for a setvar variable. This is a generalization of chvar 1656. (Contributed by NM, 30-Aug-1993.)
𝑥𝜓    &   𝐴 ∈ V    &   (𝑥 = 𝐴 → (𝜑𝜓))    &   𝜑       𝜓
 
Theoremvtocl 2625* Implicit substitution of a class for a setvar variable. (Contributed by NM, 30-Aug-1993.)
𝐴 ∈ V    &   (𝑥 = 𝐴 → (𝜑𝜓))    &   𝜑       𝜓
 
Theoremvtocl2 2626* Implicit substitution of classes for setvar variables. (Contributed by NM, 26-Jul-1995.) (Proof shortened by Andrew Salmon, 8-Jun-2011.)
𝐴 ∈ V    &   𝐵 ∈ V    &   ((𝑥 = 𝐴𝑦 = 𝐵) → (𝜑𝜓))    &   𝜑       𝜓
 
Theoremvtocl3 2627* Implicit substitution of classes for setvar variables. (Contributed by NM, 3-Jun-1995.) (Proof shortened by Andrew Salmon, 8-Jun-2011.)
𝐴 ∈ V    &   𝐵 ∈ V    &   𝐶 ∈ V    &   ((𝑥 = 𝐴𝑦 = 𝐵𝑧 = 𝐶) → (𝜑𝜓))    &   𝜑       𝜓
 
Theoremvtoclb 2628* Implicit substitution of a class for a setvar variable. (Contributed by NM, 23-Dec-1993.)
𝐴 ∈ V    &   (𝑥 = 𝐴 → (𝜑𝜒))    &   (𝑥 = 𝐴 → (𝜓𝜃))    &   (𝜑𝜓)       (𝜒𝜃)
 
Theoremvtoclgf 2629 Implicit substitution of a class for a setvar variable, with bound-variable hypotheses in place of distinct variable restrictions. (Contributed by NM, 21-Sep-2003.) (Proof shortened by Mario Carneiro, 10-Oct-2016.)
𝑥𝐴    &   𝑥𝜓    &   (𝑥 = 𝐴 → (𝜑𝜓))    &   𝜑       (𝐴𝑉𝜓)
 
Theoremvtoclg 2630* Implicit substitution of a class expression for a setvar variable. (Contributed by NM, 17-Apr-1995.)
(𝑥 = 𝐴 → (𝜑𝜓))    &   𝜑       (𝐴𝑉𝜓)
 
Theoremvtoclbg 2631* Implicit substitution of a class for a setvar variable. (Contributed by NM, 29-Apr-1994.)
(𝑥 = 𝐴 → (𝜑𝜒))    &   (𝑥 = 𝐴 → (𝜓𝜃))    &   (𝜑𝜓)       (𝐴𝑉 → (𝜒𝜃))
 
Theoremvtocl2gf 2632 Implicit substitution of a class for a setvar variable. (Contributed by NM, 25-Apr-1995.)
𝑥𝐴    &   𝑦𝐴    &   𝑦𝐵    &   𝑥𝜓    &   𝑦𝜒    &   (𝑥 = 𝐴 → (𝜑𝜓))    &   (𝑦 = 𝐵 → (𝜓𝜒))    &   𝜑       ((𝐴𝑉𝐵𝑊) → 𝜒)
 
Theoremvtocl3gf 2633 Implicit substitution of a class for a setvar variable. (Contributed by NM, 10-Aug-2013.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 10-Oct-2016.)
𝑥𝐴    &   𝑦𝐴    &   𝑧𝐴    &   𝑦𝐵    &   𝑧𝐵    &   𝑧𝐶    &   𝑥𝜓    &   𝑦𝜒    &   𝑧𝜃    &   (𝑥 = 𝐴 → (𝜑𝜓))    &   (𝑦 = 𝐵 → (𝜓𝜒))    &   (𝑧 = 𝐶 → (𝜒𝜃))    &   𝜑       ((𝐴𝑉𝐵𝑊𝐶𝑋) → 𝜃)
 
Theoremvtocl2g 2634* Implicit substitution of 2 classes for 2 setvar variables. (Contributed by NM, 25-Apr-1995.)
(𝑥 = 𝐴 → (𝜑𝜓))    &   (𝑦 = 𝐵 → (𝜓𝜒))    &   𝜑       ((𝐴𝑉𝐵𝑊) → 𝜒)
 
Theoremvtoclgaf 2635* Implicit substitution of a class for a setvar variable. (Contributed by NM, 17-Feb-2006.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 10-Oct-2016.)
𝑥𝐴    &   𝑥𝜓    &   (𝑥 = 𝐴 → (𝜑𝜓))    &   (𝑥𝐵𝜑)       (𝐴𝐵𝜓)
 
Theoremvtoclga 2636* Implicit substitution of a class for a setvar variable. (Contributed by NM, 20-Aug-1995.)
(𝑥 = 𝐴 → (𝜑𝜓))    &   (𝑥𝐵𝜑)       (𝐴𝐵𝜓)
 
Theoremvtocl2gaf 2637* Implicit substitution of 2 classes for 2 setvar variables. (Contributed by NM, 10-Aug-2013.)
𝑥𝐴    &   𝑦𝐴    &   𝑦𝐵    &   𝑥𝜓    &   𝑦𝜒    &   (𝑥 = 𝐴 → (𝜑𝜓))    &   (𝑦 = 𝐵 → (𝜓𝜒))    &   ((𝑥𝐶𝑦𝐷) → 𝜑)       ((𝐴𝐶𝐵𝐷) → 𝜒)
 
Theoremvtocl2ga 2638* Implicit substitution of 2 classes for 2 setvar variables. (Contributed by NM, 20-Aug-1995.)
(𝑥 = 𝐴 → (𝜑𝜓))    &   (𝑦 = 𝐵 → (𝜓𝜒))    &   ((𝑥𝐶𝑦𝐷) → 𝜑)       ((𝐴𝐶𝐵𝐷) → 𝜒)
 
Theoremvtocl3gaf 2639* Implicit substitution of 3 classes for 3 setvar variables. (Contributed by NM, 10-Aug-2013.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 11-Oct-2016.)
𝑥𝐴    &   𝑦𝐴    &   𝑧𝐴    &   𝑦𝐵    &   𝑧𝐵    &   𝑧𝐶    &   𝑥𝜓    &   𝑦𝜒    &   𝑧𝜃    &   (𝑥 = 𝐴 → (𝜑𝜓))    &   (𝑦 = 𝐵 → (𝜓𝜒))    &   (𝑧 = 𝐶 → (𝜒𝜃))    &   ((𝑥𝑅𝑦𝑆𝑧𝑇) → 𝜑)       ((𝐴𝑅𝐵𝑆𝐶𝑇) → 𝜃)
 
Theoremvtocl3ga 2640* Implicit substitution of 3 classes for 3 setvar variables. (Contributed by NM, 20-Aug-1995.)
(𝑥 = 𝐴 → (𝜑𝜓))    &   (𝑦 = 𝐵 → (𝜓𝜒))    &   (𝑧 = 𝐶 → (𝜒𝜃))    &   ((𝑥𝐷𝑦𝑅𝑧𝑆) → 𝜑)       ((𝐴𝐷𝐵𝑅𝐶𝑆) → 𝜃)
 
Theoremvtocleg 2641* Implicit substitution of a class for a setvar variable. (Contributed by NM, 10-Jan-2004.)
(𝑥 = 𝐴𝜑)       (𝐴𝑉𝜑)
 
Theoremvtoclegft 2642* Implicit substitution of a class for a setvar variable. (Closed theorem version of vtoclef 2643.) (Contributed by NM, 7-Nov-2005.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 11-Oct-2016.)
((𝐴𝐵 ∧ Ⅎ𝑥𝜑 ∧ ∀𝑥(𝑥 = 𝐴𝜑)) → 𝜑)
 
Theoremvtoclef 2643* Implicit substitution of a class for a setvar variable. (Contributed by NM, 18-Aug-1993.)
𝑥𝜑    &   𝐴 ∈ V    &   (𝑥 = 𝐴𝜑)       𝜑
 
Theoremvtocle 2644* Implicit substitution of a class for a setvar variable. (Contributed by NM, 9-Sep-1993.)
𝐴 ∈ V    &   (𝑥 = 𝐴𝜑)       𝜑
 
Theoremvtoclri 2645* Implicit substitution of a class for a setvar variable. (Contributed by NM, 21-Nov-1994.)
(𝑥 = 𝐴 → (𝜑𝜓))    &   𝑥𝐵 𝜑       (𝐴𝐵𝜓)
 
Theoremspcimgft 2646 A closed version of spcimgf 2650. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 4-Jan-2017.)
𝑥𝜓    &   𝑥𝐴       (∀𝑥(𝑥 = 𝐴 → (𝜑𝜓)) → (𝐴𝐵 → (∀𝑥𝜑𝜓)))
 
Theoremspcgft 2647 A closed version of spcgf 2652. (Contributed by Andrew Salmon, 6-Jun-2011.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 4-Jan-2017.)
𝑥𝜓    &   𝑥𝐴       (∀𝑥(𝑥 = 𝐴 → (𝜑𝜓)) → (𝐴𝐵 → (∀𝑥𝜑𝜓)))
 
Theoremspcimegft 2648 A closed version of spcimegf 2651. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 4-Jan-2017.)
𝑥𝜓    &   𝑥𝐴       (∀𝑥(𝑥 = 𝐴 → (𝜓𝜑)) → (𝐴𝐵 → (𝜓 → ∃𝑥𝜑)))
 
Theoremspcegft 2649 A closed version of spcegf 2653. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 22-Jun-2018.)
𝑥𝜓    &   𝑥𝐴       (∀𝑥(𝑥 = 𝐴 → (𝜑𝜓)) → (𝐴𝐵 → (𝜓 → ∃𝑥𝜑)))
 
Theoremspcimgf 2650 Rule of specialization, using implicit substitution. Compare Theorem 7.3 of [Quine] p. 44. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 4-Jan-2017.)
𝑥𝐴    &   𝑥𝜓    &   (𝑥 = 𝐴 → (𝜑𝜓))       (𝐴𝑉 → (∀𝑥𝜑𝜓))
 
Theoremspcimegf 2651 Existential specialization, using implicit substitution. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 4-Jan-2017.)
𝑥𝐴    &   𝑥𝜓    &   (𝑥 = 𝐴 → (𝜓𝜑))       (𝐴𝑉 → (𝜓 → ∃𝑥𝜑))
 
Theoremspcgf 2652 Rule of specialization, using implicit substitution. Compare Theorem 7.3 of [Quine] p. 44. (Contributed by NM, 2-Feb-1997.) (Revised by Andrew Salmon, 12-Aug-2011.)
𝑥𝐴    &   𝑥𝜓    &   (𝑥 = 𝐴 → (𝜑𝜓))       (𝐴𝑉 → (∀𝑥𝜑𝜓))
 
Theoremspcegf 2653 Existential specialization, using implicit substitution. (Contributed by NM, 2-Feb-1997.)
𝑥𝐴    &   𝑥𝜓    &   (𝑥 = 𝐴 → (𝜑𝜓))       (𝐴𝑉 → (𝜓 → ∃𝑥𝜑))
 
Theoremspcimdv 2654* Restricted specialization, using implicit substitution. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 4-Jan-2017.)
(𝜑𝐴𝐵)    &   ((𝜑𝑥 = 𝐴) → (𝜓𝜒))       (𝜑 → (∀𝑥𝜓𝜒))
 
Theoremspcdv 2655* Rule of specialization, using implicit substitution. Analogous to rspcdv 2676. (Contributed by David Moews, 1-May-2017.)
(𝜑𝐴𝐵)    &   ((𝜑𝑥 = 𝐴) → (𝜓𝜒))       (𝜑 → (∀𝑥𝜓𝜒))
 
Theoremspcimedv 2656* Restricted existential specialization, using implicit substitution. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 4-Jan-2017.)
(𝜑𝐴𝐵)    &   ((𝜑𝑥 = 𝐴) → (𝜒𝜓))       (𝜑 → (𝜒 → ∃𝑥𝜓))
 
Theoremspcgv 2657* Rule of specialization, using implicit substitution. Compare Theorem 7.3 of [Quine] p. 44. (Contributed by NM, 22-Jun-1994.)
(𝑥 = 𝐴 → (𝜑𝜓))       (𝐴𝑉 → (∀𝑥𝜑𝜓))
 
Theoremspcegv 2658* Existential specialization, using implicit substitution. (Contributed by NM, 14-Aug-1994.)
(𝑥 = 𝐴 → (𝜑𝜓))       (𝐴𝑉 → (𝜓 → ∃𝑥𝜑))
 
Theoremspc2egv 2659* Existential specialization with 2 quantifiers, using implicit substitution. (Contributed by NM, 3-Aug-1995.)
((𝑥 = 𝐴𝑦 = 𝐵) → (𝜑𝜓))       ((𝐴𝑉𝐵𝑊) → (𝜓 → ∃𝑥𝑦𝜑))
 
Theoremspc2gv 2660* Specialization with 2 quantifiers, using implicit substitution. (Contributed by NM, 27-Apr-2004.)
((𝑥 = 𝐴𝑦 = 𝐵) → (𝜑𝜓))       ((𝐴𝑉𝐵𝑊) → (∀𝑥𝑦𝜑𝜓))
 
Theoremspc3egv 2661* Existential specialization with 3 quantifiers, using implicit substitution. (Contributed by NM, 12-May-2008.)
((𝑥 = 𝐴𝑦 = 𝐵𝑧 = 𝐶) → (𝜑𝜓))       ((𝐴𝑉𝐵𝑊𝐶𝑋) → (𝜓 → ∃𝑥𝑦𝑧𝜑))
 
Theoremspc3gv 2662* Specialization with 3 quantifiers, using implicit substitution. (Contributed by NM, 12-May-2008.)
((𝑥 = 𝐴𝑦 = 𝐵𝑧 = 𝐶) → (𝜑𝜓))       ((𝐴𝑉𝐵𝑊𝐶𝑋) → (∀𝑥𝑦𝑧𝜑𝜓))
 
Theoremspcv 2663* Rule of specialization, using implicit substitution. (Contributed by NM, 22-Jun-1994.)
𝐴 ∈ V    &   (𝑥 = 𝐴 → (𝜑𝜓))       (∀𝑥𝜑𝜓)
 
Theoremspcev 2664* Existential specialization, using implicit substitution. (Contributed by NM, 31-Dec-1993.) (Proof shortened by Eric Schmidt, 22-Dec-2006.)
𝐴 ∈ V    &   (𝑥 = 𝐴 → (𝜑𝜓))       (𝜓 → ∃𝑥𝜑)
 
Theoremspc2ev 2665* Existential specialization, using implicit substitution. (Contributed by NM, 3-Aug-1995.)
𝐴 ∈ V    &   𝐵 ∈ V    &   ((𝑥 = 𝐴𝑦 = 𝐵) → (𝜑𝜓))       (𝜓 → ∃𝑥𝑦𝜑)
 
Theoremrspct 2666* A closed version of rspc 2667. (Contributed by Andrew Salmon, 6-Jun-2011.)
𝑥𝜓       (∀𝑥(𝑥 = 𝐴 → (𝜑𝜓)) → (𝐴𝐵 → (∀𝑥𝐵 𝜑𝜓)))
 
Theoremrspc 2667* Restricted specialization, using implicit substitution. (Contributed by NM, 19-Apr-2005.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 11-Oct-2016.)
𝑥𝜓    &   (𝑥 = 𝐴 → (𝜑𝜓))       (𝐴𝐵 → (∀𝑥𝐵 𝜑𝜓))
 
Theoremrspce 2668* Restricted existential specialization, using implicit substitution. (Contributed by NM, 26-May-1998.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 11-Oct-2016.)
𝑥𝜓    &   (𝑥 = 𝐴 → (𝜑𝜓))       ((𝐴𝐵𝜓) → ∃𝑥𝐵 𝜑)
 
Theoremrspcv 2669* Restricted specialization, using implicit substitution. (Contributed by NM, 26-May-1998.)
(𝑥 = 𝐴 → (𝜑𝜓))       (𝐴𝐵 → (∀𝑥𝐵 𝜑𝜓))
 
Theoremrspccv 2670* Restricted specialization, using implicit substitution. (Contributed by NM, 2-Feb-2006.)
(𝑥 = 𝐴 → (𝜑𝜓))       (∀𝑥𝐵 𝜑 → (𝐴𝐵𝜓))
 
Theoremrspcva 2671* Restricted specialization, using implicit substitution. (Contributed by NM, 13-Sep-2005.)
(𝑥 = 𝐴 → (𝜑𝜓))       ((𝐴𝐵 ∧ ∀𝑥𝐵 𝜑) → 𝜓)
 
Theoremrspccva 2672* Restricted specialization, using implicit substitution. (Contributed by NM, 26-Jul-2006.) (Proof shortened by Andrew Salmon, 8-Jun-2011.)
(𝑥 = 𝐴 → (𝜑𝜓))       ((∀𝑥𝐵 𝜑𝐴𝐵) → 𝜓)
 
Theoremrspcev 2673* Restricted existential specialization, using implicit substitution. (Contributed by NM, 26-May-1998.)
(𝑥 = 𝐴 → (𝜑𝜓))       ((𝐴𝐵𝜓) → ∃𝑥𝐵 𝜑)
 
Theoremrspcimdv 2674* Restricted specialization, using implicit substitution. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 4-Jan-2017.)
(𝜑𝐴𝐵)    &   ((𝜑𝑥 = 𝐴) → (𝜓𝜒))       (𝜑 → (∀𝑥𝐵 𝜓𝜒))
 
Theoremrspcimedv 2675* Restricted existential specialization, using implicit substitution. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 4-Jan-2017.)
(𝜑𝐴𝐵)    &   ((𝜑𝑥 = 𝐴) → (𝜒𝜓))       (𝜑 → (𝜒 → ∃𝑥𝐵 𝜓))
 
Theoremrspcdv 2676* Restricted specialization, using implicit substitution. (Contributed by NM, 17-Feb-2007.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 4-Jan-2017.)
(𝜑𝐴𝐵)    &   ((𝜑𝑥 = 𝐴) → (𝜓𝜒))       (𝜑 → (∀𝑥𝐵 𝜓𝜒))
 
Theoremrspcedv 2677* Restricted existential specialization, using implicit substitution. (Contributed by FL, 17-Apr-2007.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 4-Jan-2017.)
(𝜑𝐴𝐵)    &   ((𝜑𝑥 = 𝐴) → (𝜓𝜒))       (𝜑 → (𝜒 → ∃𝑥𝐵 𝜓))
 
Theoremrspcda 2678* Restricted specialization, using implicit substitution. (Contributed by Thierry Arnoux, 29-Jun-2020.)
(𝑥 = 𝐶 → (𝜓𝜒))    &   (𝜑 → ∀𝑥𝐴 𝜓)    &   (𝜑𝐶𝐴)    &   𝑥𝜑       (𝜑𝜒)
 
Theoremrspcdva 2679* Restricted specialization, using implicit substitution. (Contributed by Thierry Arnoux, 21-Jun-2020.)
(𝑥 = 𝐶 → (𝜓𝜒))    &   (𝜑 → ∀𝑥𝐴 𝜓)    &   (𝜑𝐶𝐴)       (𝜑𝜒)
 
Theoremrspcedvd 2680* Restricted existential specialization, using implicit substitution. Variant of rspcedv 2677. (Contributed by AV, 27-Nov-2019.)
(𝜑𝐴𝐵)    &   ((𝜑𝑥 = 𝐴) → (𝜓𝜒))    &   (𝜑𝜒)       (𝜑 → ∃𝑥𝐵 𝜓)
 
Theoremrspcedeq1vd 2681* Restricted existential specialization, using implicit substitution. Variant of rspcedvd 2680 for equations, in which the left hand side depends on the quantified variable. (Contributed by AV, 24-Dec-2019.)
(𝜑𝐴𝐵)    &   ((𝜑𝑥 = 𝐴) → 𝐶 = 𝐷)       (𝜑 → ∃𝑥𝐵 𝐶 = 𝐷)
 
Theoremrspcedeq2vd 2682* Restricted existential specialization, using implicit substitution. Variant of rspcedvd 2680 for equations, in which the right hand side depends on the quantified variable. (Contributed by AV, 24-Dec-2019.)
(𝜑𝐴𝐵)    &   ((𝜑𝑥 = 𝐴) → 𝐶 = 𝐷)       (𝜑 → ∃𝑥𝐵 𝐶 = 𝐷)
 
Theoremrspc2 2683* 2-variable restricted specialization, using implicit substitution. (Contributed by NM, 9-Nov-2012.)
𝑥𝜒    &   𝑦𝜓    &   (𝑥 = 𝐴 → (𝜑𝜒))    &   (𝑦 = 𝐵 → (𝜒𝜓))       ((𝐴𝐶𝐵𝐷) → (∀𝑥𝐶𝑦𝐷 𝜑𝜓))
 
Theoremrspc2v 2684* 2-variable restricted specialization, using implicit substitution. (Contributed by NM, 13-Sep-1999.)
(𝑥 = 𝐴 → (𝜑𝜒))    &   (𝑦 = 𝐵 → (𝜒𝜓))       ((𝐴𝐶𝐵𝐷) → (∀𝑥𝐶𝑦𝐷 𝜑𝜓))
 
Theoremrspc2va 2685* 2-variable restricted specialization, using implicit substitution. (Contributed by NM, 18-Jun-2014.)
(𝑥 = 𝐴 → (𝜑𝜒))    &   (𝑦 = 𝐵 → (𝜒𝜓))       (((𝐴𝐶𝐵𝐷) ∧ ∀𝑥𝐶𝑦𝐷 𝜑) → 𝜓)
 
Theoremrspc2ev 2686* 2-variable restricted existential specialization, using implicit substitution. (Contributed by NM, 16-Oct-1999.)
(𝑥 = 𝐴 → (𝜑𝜒))    &   (𝑦 = 𝐵 → (𝜒𝜓))       ((𝐴𝐶𝐵𝐷𝜓) → ∃𝑥𝐶𝑦𝐷 𝜑)
 
Theoremrspc3v 2687* 3-variable restricted specialization, using implicit substitution. (Contributed by NM, 10-May-2005.)
(𝑥 = 𝐴 → (𝜑𝜒))    &   (𝑦 = 𝐵 → (𝜒𝜃))    &   (𝑧 = 𝐶 → (𝜃𝜓))       ((𝐴𝑅𝐵𝑆𝐶𝑇) → (∀𝑥𝑅𝑦𝑆𝑧𝑇 𝜑𝜓))
 
Theoremrspc3ev 2688* 3-variable restricted existentional specialization, using implicit substitution. (Contributed by NM, 25-Jul-2012.)
(𝑥 = 𝐴 → (𝜑𝜒))    &   (𝑦 = 𝐵 → (𝜒𝜃))    &   (𝑧 = 𝐶 → (𝜃𝜓))       (((𝐴𝑅𝐵𝑆𝐶𝑇) ∧ 𝜓) → ∃𝑥𝑅𝑦𝑆𝑧𝑇 𝜑)
 
Theoremeqvinc 2689* A variable introduction law for class equality. (Contributed by NM, 14-Apr-1995.) (Proof shortened by Andrew Salmon, 8-Jun-2011.)
𝐴 ∈ V       (𝐴 = 𝐵 ↔ ∃𝑥(𝑥 = 𝐴𝑥 = 𝐵))
 
Theoremeqvincg 2690* A variable introduction law for class equality, deduction version. (Contributed by Thierry Arnoux, 2-Mar-2017.)
(𝐴𝑉 → (𝐴 = 𝐵 ↔ ∃𝑥(𝑥 = 𝐴𝑥 = 𝐵)))
 
Theoremeqvincf 2691 A variable introduction law for class equality, using bound-variable hypotheses instead of distinct variable conditions. (Contributed by NM, 14-Sep-2003.)
𝑥𝐴    &   𝑥𝐵    &   𝐴 ∈ V       (𝐴 = 𝐵 ↔ ∃𝑥(𝑥 = 𝐴𝑥 = 𝐵))
 
Theoremalexeq 2692* Two ways to express substitution of 𝐴 for 𝑥 in 𝜑. (Contributed by NM, 2-Mar-1995.)
𝐴 ∈ V       (∀𝑥(𝑥 = 𝐴𝜑) ↔ ∃𝑥(𝑥 = 𝐴𝜑))
 
Theoremceqex 2693* Equality implies equivalence with substitution. (Contributed by NM, 2-Mar-1995.)
(𝑥 = 𝐴 → (𝜑 ↔ ∃𝑥(𝑥 = 𝐴𝜑)))
 
Theoremceqsexg 2694* A representation of explicit substitution of a class for a variable, inferred from an implicit substitution hypothesis. (Contributed by NM, 11-Oct-2004.)
𝑥𝜓    &   (𝑥 = 𝐴 → (𝜑𝜓))       (𝐴𝑉 → (∃𝑥(𝑥 = 𝐴𝜑) ↔ 𝜓))
 
Theoremceqsexgv 2695* Elimination of an existential quantifier, using implicit substitution. (Contributed by NM, 29-Dec-1996.)
(𝑥 = 𝐴 → (𝜑𝜓))       (𝐴𝑉 → (∃𝑥(𝑥 = 𝐴𝜑) ↔ 𝜓))
 
Theoremceqsrexv 2696* Elimination of a restricted existential quantifier, using implicit substitution. (Contributed by NM, 30-Apr-2004.)
(𝑥 = 𝐴 → (𝜑𝜓))       (𝐴𝐵 → (∃𝑥𝐵 (𝑥 = 𝐴𝜑) ↔ 𝜓))
 
Theoremceqsrexbv 2697* Elimination of a restricted existential quantifier, using implicit substitution. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 14-Mar-2014.)
(𝑥 = 𝐴 → (𝜑𝜓))       (∃𝑥𝐵 (𝑥 = 𝐴𝜑) ↔ (𝐴𝐵𝜓))
 
Theoremceqsrex2v 2698* Elimination of a restricted existential quantifier, using implicit substitution. (Contributed by NM, 29-Oct-2005.)
(𝑥 = 𝐴 → (𝜑𝜓))    &   (𝑦 = 𝐵 → (𝜓𝜒))       ((𝐴𝐶𝐵𝐷) → (∃𝑥𝐶𝑦𝐷 ((𝑥 = 𝐴𝑦 = 𝐵) ∧ 𝜑) ↔ 𝜒))
 
Theoremclel2 2699* An alternate definition of class membership when the class is a set. (Contributed by NM, 18-Aug-1993.)
𝐴 ∈ V       (𝐴𝐵 ↔ ∀𝑥(𝑥 = 𝐴𝑥𝐵))
 
Theoremclel3g 2700* An alternate definition of class membership when the class is a set. (Contributed by NM, 13-Aug-2005.)
(𝐵𝑉 → (𝐴𝐵 ↔ ∃𝑥(𝑥 = 𝐵𝐴𝑥)))
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