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Theorem List for Intuitionistic Logic Explorer - 3301-3400   *Has distinct variable group(s)
TypeLabelDescription
Statement
 
Theoremdisj4im 3301 A consequence of two classes being disjoint. In classical logic this would be a biconditional. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 2-Aug-2018.)
((𝐴𝐵) = ∅ → ¬ (𝐴𝐵) ⊊ 𝐴)
 
Theoremssdisj 3302 Intersection with a subclass of a disjoint class. (Contributed by FL, 24-Jan-2007.)
((𝐴𝐵 ∧ (𝐵𝐶) = ∅) → (𝐴𝐶) = ∅)
 
Theoremdisjpss 3303 A class is a proper subset of its union with a disjoint nonempty class. (Contributed by NM, 15-Sep-2004.)
(((𝐴𝐵) = ∅ ∧ 𝐵 ≠ ∅) → 𝐴 ⊊ (𝐴𝐵))
 
Theoremundisj1 3304 The union of disjoint classes is disjoint. (Contributed by NM, 26-Sep-2004.)
(((𝐴𝐶) = ∅ ∧ (𝐵𝐶) = ∅) ↔ ((𝐴𝐵) ∩ 𝐶) = ∅)
 
Theoremundisj2 3305 The union of disjoint classes is disjoint. (Contributed by NM, 13-Sep-2004.)
(((𝐴𝐵) = ∅ ∧ (𝐴𝐶) = ∅) ↔ (𝐴 ∩ (𝐵𝐶)) = ∅)
 
Theoremssindif0im 3306 Subclass implies empty intersection with difference from the universal class. (Contributed by NM, 17-Sep-2003.)
(𝐴𝐵 → (𝐴 ∩ (V ∖ 𝐵)) = ∅)
 
Theoreminelcm 3307 The intersection of classes with a common member is nonempty. (Contributed by NM, 7-Apr-1994.)
((𝐴𝐵𝐴𝐶) → (𝐵𝐶) ≠ ∅)
 
Theoremminel 3308 A minimum element of a class has no elements in common with the class. (Contributed by NM, 22-Jun-1994.)
((𝐴𝐵 ∧ (𝐶𝐵) = ∅) → ¬ 𝐴𝐶)
 
Theoremundif4 3309 Distribute union over difference. (Contributed by NM, 17-May-1998.) (Proof shortened by Andrew Salmon, 26-Jun-2011.)
((𝐴𝐶) = ∅ → (𝐴 ∪ (𝐵𝐶)) = ((𝐴𝐵) ∖ 𝐶))
 
Theoremdisjssun 3310 Subset relation for disjoint classes. (Contributed by NM, 25-Oct-2005.) (Proof shortened by Andrew Salmon, 26-Jun-2011.)
((𝐴𝐵) = ∅ → (𝐴 ⊆ (𝐵𝐶) ↔ 𝐴𝐶))
 
Theoremssdif0im 3311 Subclass implies empty difference. One direction of Exercise 7 of [TakeutiZaring] p. 22. In classical logic this would be an equivalence. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 2-Aug-2018.)
(𝐴𝐵 → (𝐴𝐵) = ∅)
 
Theoremvdif0im 3312 Universal class equality in terms of empty difference. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 3-Aug-2018.)
(𝐴 = V → (V ∖ 𝐴) = ∅)
 
Theoremdifrab0eqim 3313* If the difference between the restricting class of a restricted class abstraction and the restricted class abstraction is empty, the restricting class is equal to this restricted class abstraction. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 3-Aug-2018.)
(𝑉 = {𝑥𝑉𝜑} → (𝑉 ∖ {𝑥𝑉𝜑}) = ∅)
 
Theoremssnelpss 3314 A subclass missing a member is a proper subclass. (Contributed by NM, 12-Jan-2002.)
(𝐴𝐵 → ((𝐶𝐵 ∧ ¬ 𝐶𝐴) → 𝐴𝐵))
 
Theoremssnelpssd 3315 Subclass inclusion with one element of the superclass missing is proper subclass inclusion. Deduction form of ssnelpss 3314. (Contributed by David Moews, 1-May-2017.)
(𝜑𝐴𝐵)    &   (𝜑𝐶𝐵)    &   (𝜑 → ¬ 𝐶𝐴)       (𝜑𝐴𝐵)
 
Theoreminssdif0im 3316 Intersection, subclass, and difference relationship. In classical logic the converse would also hold. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 3-Aug-2018.)
((𝐴𝐵) ⊆ 𝐶 → (𝐴 ∩ (𝐵𝐶)) = ∅)
 
Theoremdifid 3317 The difference between a class and itself is the empty set. Proposition 5.15 of [TakeutiZaring] p. 20. Also Theorem 32 of [Suppes] p. 28. (Contributed by NM, 22-Apr-2004.)
(𝐴𝐴) = ∅
 
TheoremdifidALT 3318 The difference between a class and itself is the empty set. Proposition 5.15 of [TakeutiZaring] p. 20. Also Theorem 32 of [Suppes] p. 28. Alternate proof of difid 3317. (Contributed by David Abernethy, 17-Jun-2012.) (Proof modification is discouraged.) (New usage is discouraged.)
(𝐴𝐴) = ∅
 
Theoremdif0 3319 The difference between a class and the empty set. Part of Exercise 4.4 of [Stoll] p. 16. (Contributed by NM, 17-Aug-2004.)
(𝐴 ∖ ∅) = 𝐴
 
Theorem0dif 3320 The difference between the empty set and a class. Part of Exercise 4.4 of [Stoll] p. 16. (Contributed by NM, 17-Aug-2004.)
(∅ ∖ 𝐴) = ∅
 
Theoremdisjdif 3321 A class and its relative complement are disjoint. Theorem 38 of [Suppes] p. 29. (Contributed by NM, 24-Mar-1998.)
(𝐴 ∩ (𝐵𝐴)) = ∅
 
Theoremdifin0 3322 The difference of a class from its intersection is empty. Theorem 37 of [Suppes] p. 29. (Contributed by NM, 17-Aug-2004.) (Proof shortened by Andrew Salmon, 26-Jun-2011.)
((𝐴𝐵) ∖ 𝐵) = ∅
 
Theoremundif1ss 3323 Absorption of difference by union. In classical logic, as Theorem 35 of [Suppes] p. 29, this would be equality rather than subset. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 4-Aug-2018.)
((𝐴𝐵) ∪ 𝐵) ⊆ (𝐴𝐵)
 
Theoremundif2ss 3324 Absorption of difference by union. In classical logic, as in Part of proof of Corollary 6K of [Enderton] p. 144, this would be equality rather than subset. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 4-Aug-2018.)
(𝐴 ∪ (𝐵𝐴)) ⊆ (𝐴𝐵)
 
Theoremundifabs 3325 Absorption of difference by union. (Contributed by NM, 18-Aug-2013.)
(𝐴 ∪ (𝐴𝐵)) = 𝐴
 
Theoreminundifss 3326 The intersection and class difference of a class with another class are contained in the original class. In classical logic we'd be able to make a stronger statement: that everything in the original class is in the intersection or the difference (that is, this theorem would be equality rather than subset). (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 4-Aug-2018.)
((𝐴𝐵) ∪ (𝐴𝐵)) ⊆ 𝐴
 
Theoremdifun2 3327 Absorption of union by difference. Theorem 36 of [Suppes] p. 29. (Contributed by NM, 19-May-1998.)
((𝐴𝐵) ∖ 𝐵) = (𝐴𝐵)
 
Theoremundifss 3328 Union of complementary parts into whole. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 4-Aug-2018.)
(𝐴𝐵 ↔ (𝐴 ∪ (𝐵𝐴)) ⊆ 𝐵)
 
Theoremssdifin0 3329 A subset of a difference does not intersect the subtrahend. (Contributed by Jeff Hankins, 1-Sep-2013.) (Proof shortened by Mario Carneiro, 24-Aug-2015.)
(𝐴 ⊆ (𝐵𝐶) → (𝐴𝐶) = ∅)
 
Theoremssdifeq0 3330 A class is a subclass of itself subtracted from another iff it is the empty set. (Contributed by Steve Rodriguez, 20-Nov-2015.)
(𝐴 ⊆ (𝐵𝐴) ↔ 𝐴 = ∅)
 
Theoremssundifim 3331 A consequence of inclusion in the union of two classes. In classical logic this would be a biconditional. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 4-Aug-2018.)
(𝐴 ⊆ (𝐵𝐶) → (𝐴𝐵) ⊆ 𝐶)
 
Theoremdifdifdirss 3332 Distributive law for class difference. In classical logic, as in Exercise 4.8 of [Stoll] p. 16, this would be equality rather than subset. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 4-Aug-2018.)
((𝐴𝐵) ∖ 𝐶) ⊆ ((𝐴𝐶) ∖ (𝐵𝐶))
 
Theoremuneqdifeqim 3333 Two ways that 𝐴 and 𝐵 can "partition" 𝐶 (when 𝐴 and 𝐵 don't overlap and 𝐴 is a part of 𝐶). In classical logic, the second implication would be a biconditional. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 4-Aug-2018.)
((𝐴𝐶 ∧ (𝐴𝐵) = ∅) → ((𝐴𝐵) = 𝐶 → (𝐶𝐴) = 𝐵))
 
Theoremr19.2m 3334* Theorem 19.2 of [Margaris] p. 89 with restricted quantifiers (compare 19.2 1543). The restricted version is valid only when the domain of quantification is inhabited. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 5-Aug-2018.)
((∃𝑥 𝑥𝐴 ∧ ∀𝑥𝐴 𝜑) → ∃𝑥𝐴 𝜑)
 
Theoremr19.3rm 3335* Restricted quantification of wff not containing quantified variable. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 19-Dec-2018.)
𝑥𝜑       (∃𝑦 𝑦𝐴 → (𝜑 ↔ ∀𝑥𝐴 𝜑))
 
Theoremr19.28m 3336* Restricted quantifier version of Theorem 19.28 of [Margaris] p. 90. It is valid only when the domain of quantification is inhabited. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 5-Aug-2018.)
𝑥𝜑       (∃𝑥 𝑥𝐴 → (∀𝑥𝐴 (𝜑𝜓) ↔ (𝜑 ∧ ∀𝑥𝐴 𝜓)))
 
Theoremr19.3rmv 3337* Restricted quantification of wff not containing quantified variable. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 6-Aug-2018.)
(∃𝑦 𝑦𝐴 → (𝜑 ↔ ∀𝑥𝐴 𝜑))
 
Theoremr19.9rmv 3338* Restricted quantification of wff not containing quantified variable. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 5-Aug-2018.)
(∃𝑦 𝑦𝐴 → (𝜑 ↔ ∃𝑥𝐴 𝜑))
 
Theoremr19.28mv 3339* Restricted quantifier version of Theorem 19.28 of [Margaris] p. 90. It is valid only when the domain of quantification is inhabited. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 6-Aug-2018.)
(∃𝑥 𝑥𝐴 → (∀𝑥𝐴 (𝜑𝜓) ↔ (𝜑 ∧ ∀𝑥𝐴 𝜓)))
 
Theoremr19.45mv 3340* Restricted version of Theorem 19.45 of [Margaris] p. 90. (Contributed by NM, 27-May-1998.)
(∃𝑥 𝑥𝐴 → (∃𝑥𝐴 (𝜑𝜓) ↔ (𝜑 ∨ ∃𝑥𝐴 𝜓)))
 
Theoremr19.27m 3341* Restricted quantifier version of Theorem 19.27 of [Margaris] p. 90. It is valid only when the domain of quantification is inhabited. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 5-Aug-2018.)
𝑥𝜓       (∃𝑥 𝑥𝐴 → (∀𝑥𝐴 (𝜑𝜓) ↔ (∀𝑥𝐴 𝜑𝜓)))
 
Theoremr19.27mv 3342* Restricted quantifier version of Theorem 19.27 of [Margaris] p. 90. It is valid only when the domain of quantification is inhabited. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 5-Aug-2018.)
(∃𝑥 𝑥𝐴 → (∀𝑥𝐴 (𝜑𝜓) ↔ (∀𝑥𝐴 𝜑𝜓)))
 
Theoremrzal 3343* Vacuous quantification is always true. (Contributed by NM, 11-Mar-1997.) (Proof shortened by Andrew Salmon, 26-Jun-2011.)
(𝐴 = ∅ → ∀𝑥𝐴 𝜑)
 
Theoremrexn0 3344* Restricted existential quantification implies its restriction is nonempty (it is also inhabited as shown in rexm 3345). (Contributed by Szymon Jaroszewicz, 3-Apr-2007.)
(∃𝑥𝐴 𝜑𝐴 ≠ ∅)
 
Theoremrexm 3345* Restricted existential quantification implies its restriction is inhabited. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 16-Oct-2018.)
(∃𝑥𝐴 𝜑 → ∃𝑥 𝑥𝐴)
 
Theoremralidm 3346* Idempotent law for restricted quantifier. (Contributed by NM, 28-Mar-1997.)
(∀𝑥𝐴𝑥𝐴 𝜑 ↔ ∀𝑥𝐴 𝜑)
 
Theoremral0 3347 Vacuous universal quantification is always true. (Contributed by NM, 20-Oct-2005.)
𝑥 ∈ ∅ 𝜑
 
Theoremrgenm 3348* Generalization rule that eliminates an inhabited class requirement. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 5-Aug-2018.)
((∃𝑥 𝑥𝐴𝑥𝐴) → 𝜑)       𝑥𝐴 𝜑
 
Theoremralf0 3349* The quantification of a falsehood is vacuous when true. (Contributed by NM, 26-Nov-2005.)
¬ 𝜑       (∀𝑥𝐴 𝜑𝐴 = ∅)
 
Theoremralm 3350 Inhabited classes and restricted quantification. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 6-Aug-2018.)
((∃𝑥 𝑥𝐴 → ∀𝑥𝐴 𝜑) ↔ ∀𝑥𝐴 𝜑)
 
Theoremraaanlem 3351* Special case of raaan 3352 where 𝐴 is inhabited. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 6-Aug-2018.)
𝑦𝜑    &   𝑥𝜓       (∃𝑥 𝑥𝐴 → (∀𝑥𝐴𝑦𝐴 (𝜑𝜓) ↔ (∀𝑥𝐴 𝜑 ∧ ∀𝑦𝐴 𝜓)))
 
Theoremraaan 3352* Rearrange restricted quantifiers. (Contributed by NM, 26-Oct-2010.)
𝑦𝜑    &   𝑥𝜓       (∀𝑥𝐴𝑦𝐴 (𝜑𝜓) ↔ (∀𝑥𝐴 𝜑 ∧ ∀𝑦𝐴 𝜓))
 
Theoremraaanv 3353* Rearrange restricted quantifiers. (Contributed by NM, 11-Mar-1997.)
(∀𝑥𝐴𝑦𝐴 (𝜑𝜓) ↔ (∀𝑥𝐴 𝜑 ∧ ∀𝑦𝐴 𝜓))
 
Theoremsbss 3354* Set substitution into the first argument of a subset relation. (Contributed by Rodolfo Medina, 7-Jul-2010.) (Proof shortened by Mario Carneiro, 14-Nov-2016.)
([𝑦 / 𝑥]𝑥𝐴𝑦𝐴)
 
Theoremsbcssg 3355 Distribute proper substitution through a subclass relation. (Contributed by Alan Sare, 22-Jul-2012.) (Proof shortened by Alexander van der Vekens, 23-Jul-2017.)
(𝐴𝑉 → ([𝐴 / 𝑥]𝐵𝐶𝐴 / 𝑥𝐵𝐴 / 𝑥𝐶))
 
2.1.15  Conditional operator
 
Syntaxcif 3356 Extend class notation to include the conditional operator. See df-if 3357 for a description. (In older databases this was denoted "ded".)
class if(𝜑, 𝐴, 𝐵)
 
Definitiondf-if 3357* Define the conditional operator. Read if(𝜑, 𝐴, 𝐵) as "if 𝜑 then 𝐴 else 𝐵." See iftrue 3361 and iffalse 3364 for its values. In mathematical literature, this operator is rarely defined formally but is implicit in informal definitions such as "let f(x)=0 if x=0 and 1/x otherwise."

In the absence of excluded middle, this will tend to be useful where 𝜑 is decidable (in the sense of df-dc 752). (Contributed by NM, 15-May-1999.)

if(𝜑, 𝐴, 𝐵) = {𝑥 ∣ ((𝑥𝐴𝜑) ∨ (𝑥𝐵 ∧ ¬ 𝜑))}
 
Theoremdfif6 3358* An alternate definition of the conditional operator df-if 3357 as a simple class abstraction. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 8-Sep-2013.)
if(𝜑, 𝐴, 𝐵) = ({𝑥𝐴𝜑} ∪ {𝑥𝐵 ∣ ¬ 𝜑})
 
Theoremifeq1 3359 Equality theorem for conditional operator. (Contributed by NM, 1-Sep-2004.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 8-Sep-2013.)
(𝐴 = 𝐵 → if(𝜑, 𝐴, 𝐶) = if(𝜑, 𝐵, 𝐶))
 
Theoremifeq2 3360 Equality theorem for conditional operator. (Contributed by NM, 1-Sep-2004.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 8-Sep-2013.)
(𝐴 = 𝐵 → if(𝜑, 𝐶, 𝐴) = if(𝜑, 𝐶, 𝐵))
 
Theoremiftrue 3361 Value of the conditional operator when its first argument is true. (Contributed by NM, 15-May-1999.) (Proof shortened by Andrew Salmon, 26-Jun-2011.)
(𝜑 → if(𝜑, 𝐴, 𝐵) = 𝐴)
 
Theoremiftruei 3362 Inference associated with iftrue 3361. (Contributed by BJ, 7-Oct-2018.)
𝜑       if(𝜑, 𝐴, 𝐵) = 𝐴
 
Theoremiftrued 3363 Value of the conditional operator when its first argument is true. (Contributed by Glauco Siliprandi, 11-Dec-2019.)
(𝜑𝜒)       (𝜑 → if(𝜒, 𝐴, 𝐵) = 𝐴)
 
Theoremiffalse 3364 Value of the conditional operator when its first argument is false. (Contributed by NM, 14-Aug-1999.)
𝜑 → if(𝜑, 𝐴, 𝐵) = 𝐵)
 
Theoremiffalsei 3365 Inference associated with iffalse 3364. (Contributed by BJ, 7-Oct-2018.)
¬ 𝜑       if(𝜑, 𝐴, 𝐵) = 𝐵
 
Theoremiffalsed 3366 Value of the conditional operator when its first argument is false. (Contributed by Glauco Siliprandi, 11-Dec-2019.)
(𝜑 → ¬ 𝜒)       (𝜑 → if(𝜒, 𝐴, 𝐵) = 𝐵)
 
Theoremifnefalse 3367 When values are unequal, but an "if" condition checks if they are equal, then the "false" branch results. This is a simple utility to provide a slight shortening and simplification of proofs vs. applying iffalse 3364 directly in this case. (Contributed by David A. Wheeler, 15-May-2015.)
(𝐴𝐵 → if(𝐴 = 𝐵, 𝐶, 𝐷) = 𝐷)
 
Theoremdfif3 3368* Alternate definition of the conditional operator df-if 3357. Note that 𝜑 is independent of 𝑥 i.e. a constant true or false. (Contributed by NM, 25-Aug-2013.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 8-Sep-2013.)
𝐶 = {𝑥𝜑}       if(𝜑, 𝐴, 𝐵) = ((𝐴𝐶) ∪ (𝐵 ∩ (V ∖ 𝐶)))
 
Theoremifeq12 3369 Equality theorem for conditional operators. (Contributed by NM, 1-Sep-2004.)
((𝐴 = 𝐵𝐶 = 𝐷) → if(𝜑, 𝐴, 𝐶) = if(𝜑, 𝐵, 𝐷))
 
Theoremifeq1d 3370 Equality deduction for conditional operator. (Contributed by NM, 16-Feb-2005.)
(𝜑𝐴 = 𝐵)       (𝜑 → if(𝜓, 𝐴, 𝐶) = if(𝜓, 𝐵, 𝐶))
 
Theoremifeq2d 3371 Equality deduction for conditional operator. (Contributed by NM, 16-Feb-2005.)
(𝜑𝐴 = 𝐵)       (𝜑 → if(𝜓, 𝐶, 𝐴) = if(𝜓, 𝐶, 𝐵))
 
Theoremifeq12d 3372 Equality deduction for conditional operator. (Contributed by NM, 24-Mar-2015.)
(𝜑𝐴 = 𝐵)    &   (𝜑𝐶 = 𝐷)       (𝜑 → if(𝜓, 𝐴, 𝐶) = if(𝜓, 𝐵, 𝐷))
 
Theoremifbi 3373 Equivalence theorem for conditional operators. (Contributed by Raph Levien, 15-Jan-2004.)
((𝜑𝜓) → if(𝜑, 𝐴, 𝐵) = if(𝜓, 𝐴, 𝐵))
 
Theoremifbid 3374 Equivalence deduction for conditional operators. (Contributed by NM, 18-Apr-2005.)
(𝜑 → (𝜓𝜒))       (𝜑 → if(𝜓, 𝐴, 𝐵) = if(𝜒, 𝐴, 𝐵))
 
Theoremifbieq1d 3375 Equivalence/equality deduction for conditional operators. (Contributed by JJ, 25-Sep-2018.)
(𝜑 → (𝜓𝜒))    &   (𝜑𝐴 = 𝐵)       (𝜑 → if(𝜓, 𝐴, 𝐶) = if(𝜒, 𝐵, 𝐶))
 
Theoremifbieq2i 3376 Equivalence/equality inference for conditional operators. (Contributed by Paul Chapman, 22-Jun-2011.)
(𝜑𝜓)    &   𝐴 = 𝐵       if(𝜑, 𝐶, 𝐴) = if(𝜓, 𝐶, 𝐵)
 
Theoremifbieq2d 3377 Equivalence/equality deduction for conditional operators. (Contributed by Paul Chapman, 22-Jun-2011.)
(𝜑 → (𝜓𝜒))    &   (𝜑𝐴 = 𝐵)       (𝜑 → if(𝜓, 𝐶, 𝐴) = if(𝜒, 𝐶, 𝐵))
 
Theoremifbieq12i 3378 Equivalence deduction for conditional operators. (Contributed by NM, 18-Mar-2013.)
(𝜑𝜓)    &   𝐴 = 𝐶    &   𝐵 = 𝐷       if(𝜑, 𝐴, 𝐵) = if(𝜓, 𝐶, 𝐷)
 
Theoremifbieq12d 3379 Equivalence deduction for conditional operators. (Contributed by Jeff Madsen, 2-Sep-2009.)
(𝜑 → (𝜓𝜒))    &   (𝜑𝐴 = 𝐶)    &   (𝜑𝐵 = 𝐷)       (𝜑 → if(𝜓, 𝐴, 𝐵) = if(𝜒, 𝐶, 𝐷))
 
Theoremnfifd 3380 Deduction version of nfif 3381. (Contributed by NM, 15-Feb-2013.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 13-Oct-2016.)
(𝜑 → Ⅎ𝑥𝜓)    &   (𝜑𝑥𝐴)    &   (𝜑𝑥𝐵)       (𝜑𝑥if(𝜓, 𝐴, 𝐵))
 
Theoremnfif 3381 Bound-variable hypothesis builder for a conditional operator. (Contributed by NM, 16-Feb-2005.) (Proof shortened by Andrew Salmon, 26-Jun-2011.)
𝑥𝜑    &   𝑥𝐴    &   𝑥𝐵       𝑥if(𝜑, 𝐴, 𝐵)
 
Theoremifbothdc 3382 A wff 𝜃 containing a conditional operator is true when both of its cases are true. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 8-Aug-2021.)
(𝐴 = if(𝜑, 𝐴, 𝐵) → (𝜓𝜃))    &   (𝐵 = if(𝜑, 𝐴, 𝐵) → (𝜒𝜃))       ((𝜓𝜒DECID 𝜑) → 𝜃)
 
Theoremifcldcd 3383 Membership (closure) of a conditional operator, deduction form. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 8-Aug-2021.)
(𝜑𝐴𝐶)    &   (𝜑𝐵𝐶)    &   (𝜑DECID 𝜓)       (𝜑 → if(𝜓, 𝐴, 𝐵) ∈ 𝐶)
 
2.1.16  Power classes
 
Syntaxcpw 3384 Extend class notation to include power class. (The tilde in the Metamath token is meant to suggest the calligraphic font of the P.)
class 𝒫 𝐴
 
Theorempwjust 3385* Soundness justification theorem for df-pw 3386. (Contributed by Rodolfo Medina, 28-Apr-2010.) (Proof shortened by Andrew Salmon, 29-Jun-2011.)
{𝑥𝑥𝐴} = {𝑦𝑦𝐴}
 
Definitiondf-pw 3386* Define power class. Definition 5.10 of [TakeutiZaring] p. 17, but we also let it apply to proper classes, i.e. those that are not members of V. When applied to a set, this produces its power set. A power set of S is the set of all subsets of S, including the empty set and S itself. For example, if 𝐴 is { 3 , 5 , 7 }, then 𝒫 𝐴 is { (/) , { 3 } , { 5 } , { 7 } , { 3 , 5 } , { 3 , 7 } , { 5 , 7 } , { 3 , 5 , 7 } }. We will later introduce the Axiom of Power Sets. Still later we will prove that the size of the power set of a finite set is 2 raised to the power of the size of the set. (Contributed by NM, 5-Aug-1993.)
𝒫 𝐴 = {𝑥𝑥𝐴}
 
Theorempweq 3387 Equality theorem for power class. (Contributed by NM, 5-Aug-1993.)
(𝐴 = 𝐵 → 𝒫 𝐴 = 𝒫 𝐵)
 
Theorempweqi 3388 Equality inference for power class. (Contributed by NM, 27-Nov-2013.)
𝐴 = 𝐵       𝒫 𝐴 = 𝒫 𝐵
 
Theorempweqd 3389 Equality deduction for power class. (Contributed by NM, 27-Nov-2013.)
(𝜑𝐴 = 𝐵)       (𝜑 → 𝒫 𝐴 = 𝒫 𝐵)
 
Theoremelpw 3390 Membership in a power class. Theorem 86 of [Suppes] p. 47. (Contributed by NM, 31-Dec-1993.)
𝐴 ∈ V       (𝐴 ∈ 𝒫 𝐵𝐴𝐵)
 
Theoremselpw 3391* Setvar variable membership in a power class (common case). See elpw 3390. (Contributed by David A. Wheeler, 8-Dec-2018.)
(𝑥 ∈ 𝒫 𝐴𝑥𝐴)
 
Theoremelpwg 3392 Membership in a power class. Theorem 86 of [Suppes] p. 47. (Contributed by NM, 6-Aug-2000.)
(𝐴𝑉 → (𝐴 ∈ 𝒫 𝐵𝐴𝐵))
 
Theoremelpwi 3393 Subset relation implied by membership in a power class. (Contributed by NM, 17-Feb-2007.)
(𝐴 ∈ 𝒫 𝐵𝐴𝐵)
 
Theoremelpwid 3394 An element of a power class is a subclass. Deduction form of elpwi 3393. (Contributed by David Moews, 1-May-2017.)
(𝜑𝐴 ∈ 𝒫 𝐵)       (𝜑𝐴𝐵)
 
Theoremelelpwi 3395 If 𝐴 belongs to a part of 𝐶 then 𝐴 belongs to 𝐶. (Contributed by FL, 3-Aug-2009.)
((𝐴𝐵𝐵 ∈ 𝒫 𝐶) → 𝐴𝐶)
 
Theoremnfpw 3396 Bound-variable hypothesis builder for power class. (Contributed by NM, 28-Oct-2003.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 13-Oct-2016.)
𝑥𝐴       𝑥𝒫 𝐴
 
Theorempwidg 3397 Membership of the original in a power set. (Contributed by Stefan O'Rear, 1-Feb-2015.)
(𝐴𝑉𝐴 ∈ 𝒫 𝐴)
 
Theorempwid 3398 A set is a member of its power class. Theorem 87 of [Suppes] p. 47. (Contributed by NM, 5-Aug-1993.)
𝐴 ∈ V       𝐴 ∈ 𝒫 𝐴
 
Theorempwss 3399* Subclass relationship for power class. (Contributed by NM, 21-Jun-2009.)
(𝒫 𝐴𝐵 ↔ ∀𝑥(𝑥𝐴𝑥𝐵))
 
2.1.17  Unordered and ordered pairs
 
Syntaxcsn 3400 Extend class notation to include singleton.
class {𝐴}
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