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Theorem List for Intuitionistic Logic Explorer - 3401-3500   *Has distinct variable group(s)
TypeLabelDescription
Statement

Theorempwjust 3401* Soundness justification theorem for df-pw 3402. (Contributed by Rodolfo Medina, 28-Apr-2010.) (Proof shortened by Andrew Salmon, 29-Jun-2011.)
{𝑥𝑥𝐴} = {𝑦𝑦𝐴}

Definitiondf-pw 3402* Define power class. Definition 5.10 of [TakeutiZaring] p. 17, but we also let it apply to proper classes, i.e. those that are not members of V. When applied to a set, this produces its power set. A power set of S is the set of all subsets of S, including the empty set and S itself. For example, if 𝐴 is { 3 , 5 , 7 }, then 𝒫 𝐴 is { (/) , { 3 } , { 5 } , { 7 } , { 3 , 5 } , { 3 , 7 } , { 5 , 7 } , { 3 , 5 , 7 } }. We will later introduce the Axiom of Power Sets. Still later we will prove that the size of the power set of a finite set is 2 raised to the power of the size of the set. (Contributed by NM, 5-Aug-1993.)
𝒫 𝐴 = {𝑥𝑥𝐴}

Theorempweq 3403 Equality theorem for power class. (Contributed by NM, 5-Aug-1993.)
(𝐴 = 𝐵 → 𝒫 𝐴 = 𝒫 𝐵)

Theorempweqi 3404 Equality inference for power class. (Contributed by NM, 27-Nov-2013.)
𝐴 = 𝐵       𝒫 𝐴 = 𝒫 𝐵

Theorempweqd 3405 Equality deduction for power class. (Contributed by NM, 27-Nov-2013.)
(𝜑𝐴 = 𝐵)       (𝜑 → 𝒫 𝐴 = 𝒫 𝐵)

Theoremelpw 3406 Membership in a power class. Theorem 86 of [Suppes] p. 47. (Contributed by NM, 31-Dec-1993.)
𝐴 ∈ V       (𝐴 ∈ 𝒫 𝐵𝐴𝐵)

Theoremselpw 3407* Setvar variable membership in a power class (common case). See elpw 3406. (Contributed by David A. Wheeler, 8-Dec-2018.)
(𝑥 ∈ 𝒫 𝐴𝑥𝐴)

Theoremelpwg 3408 Membership in a power class. Theorem 86 of [Suppes] p. 47. (Contributed by NM, 6-Aug-2000.)
(𝐴𝑉 → (𝐴 ∈ 𝒫 𝐵𝐴𝐵))

Theoremelpwi 3409 Subset relation implied by membership in a power class. (Contributed by NM, 17-Feb-2007.)
(𝐴 ∈ 𝒫 𝐵𝐴𝐵)

Theoremelpwid 3410 An element of a power class is a subclass. Deduction form of elpwi 3409. (Contributed by David Moews, 1-May-2017.)
(𝜑𝐴 ∈ 𝒫 𝐵)       (𝜑𝐴𝐵)

Theoremelelpwi 3411 If 𝐴 belongs to a part of 𝐶 then 𝐴 belongs to 𝐶. (Contributed by FL, 3-Aug-2009.)
((𝐴𝐵𝐵 ∈ 𝒫 𝐶) → 𝐴𝐶)

Theoremnfpw 3412 Bound-variable hypothesis builder for power class. (Contributed by NM, 28-Oct-2003.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 13-Oct-2016.)
𝑥𝐴       𝑥𝒫 𝐴

Theorempwidg 3413 Membership of the original in a power set. (Contributed by Stefan O'Rear, 1-Feb-2015.)
(𝐴𝑉𝐴 ∈ 𝒫 𝐴)

Theorempwid 3414 A set is a member of its power class. Theorem 87 of [Suppes] p. 47. (Contributed by NM, 5-Aug-1993.)
𝐴 ∈ V       𝐴 ∈ 𝒫 𝐴

Theorempwss 3415* Subclass relationship for power class. (Contributed by NM, 21-Jun-2009.)
(𝒫 𝐴𝐵 ↔ ∀𝑥(𝑥𝐴𝑥𝐵))

2.1.17  Unordered and ordered pairs

Syntaxcsn 3416 Extend class notation to include singleton.
class {𝐴}

Syntaxcpr 3417 Extend class notation to include unordered pair.
class {𝐴, 𝐵}

Syntaxctp 3418 Extend class notation to include unordered triplet.
class {𝐴, 𝐵, 𝐶}

Syntaxcop 3419 Extend class notation to include ordered pair.
class 𝐴, 𝐵

Syntaxcotp 3420 Extend class notation to include ordered triple.
class 𝐴, 𝐵, 𝐶

Theoremsnjust 3421* Soundness justification theorem for df-sn 3422. (Contributed by Rodolfo Medina, 28-Apr-2010.) (Proof shortened by Andrew Salmon, 29-Jun-2011.)
{𝑥𝑥 = 𝐴} = {𝑦𝑦 = 𝐴}

Definitiondf-sn 3422* Define the singleton of a class. Definition 7.1 of [Quine] p. 48. For convenience, it is well-defined for proper classes, i.e., those that are not elements of V, although it is not very meaningful in this case. For an alternate definition see dfsn2 3430. (Contributed by NM, 5-Aug-1993.)
{𝐴} = {𝑥𝑥 = 𝐴}

Definitiondf-pr 3423 Define unordered pair of classes. Definition 7.1 of [Quine] p. 48. They are unordered, so {𝐴, 𝐵} = {𝐵, 𝐴} as proven by prcom 3486. For a more traditional definition, but requiring a dummy variable, see dfpr2 3435. (Contributed by NM, 5-Aug-1993.)
{𝐴, 𝐵} = ({𝐴} ∪ {𝐵})

Definitiondf-tp 3424 Define unordered triple of classes. Definition of [Enderton] p. 19. (Contributed by NM, 9-Apr-1994.)
{𝐴, 𝐵, 𝐶} = ({𝐴, 𝐵} ∪ {𝐶})

Definitiondf-op 3425* Definition of an ordered pair, equivalent to Kuratowski's definition {{𝐴}, {𝐴, 𝐵}} when the arguments are sets. Since the behavior of Kuratowski definition is not very useful for proper classes, we define it to be empty in this case (see opprc1 3612 and opprc2 3613). For Kuratowski's actual definition when the arguments are sets, see dfop 3589.

Definition 9.1 of [Quine] p. 58 defines an ordered pair unconditionally as 𝐴, 𝐵⟩ = {{𝐴}, {𝐴, 𝐵}}, which has different behavior from our df-op 3425 when the arguments are proper classes. Ordinarily this difference is not important, since neither definition is meaningful in that case. Our df-op 3425 was chosen because it often makes proofs shorter by eliminating unnecessary sethood hypotheses.

There are other ways to define ordered pairs. The basic requirement is that two ordered pairs are equal iff their respective members are equal. In 1914 Norbert Wiener gave the first successful definition 𝐴, 𝐵_2 = {{{𝐴}, ∅}, {{𝐵}}}. This was simplified by Kazimierz Kuratowski in 1921 to our present definition. An even simpler definition is 𝐴, 𝐵_3 = {𝐴, {𝐴, 𝐵}}, but it requires the Axiom of Regularity for its justification and is not commonly used. Finally, an ordered pair of real numbers can be represented by a complex number. (Contributed by NM, 28-May-1995.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 26-Apr-2015.)

𝐴, 𝐵⟩ = {𝑥 ∣ (𝐴 ∈ V ∧ 𝐵 ∈ V ∧ 𝑥 ∈ {{𝐴}, {𝐴, 𝐵}})}

Definitiondf-ot 3426 Define ordered triple of classes. Definition of ordered triple in [Stoll] p. 25. (Contributed by NM, 3-Apr-2015.)
𝐴, 𝐵, 𝐶⟩ = ⟨⟨𝐴, 𝐵⟩, 𝐶

Theoremsneq 3427 Equality theorem for singletons. Part of Exercise 4 of [TakeutiZaring] p. 15. (Contributed by NM, 5-Aug-1993.)
(𝐴 = 𝐵 → {𝐴} = {𝐵})

Theoremsneqi 3428 Equality inference for singletons. (Contributed by NM, 22-Jan-2004.)
𝐴 = 𝐵       {𝐴} = {𝐵}

Theoremsneqd 3429 Equality deduction for singletons. (Contributed by NM, 22-Jan-2004.)
(𝜑𝐴 = 𝐵)       (𝜑 → {𝐴} = {𝐵})

Theoremdfsn2 3430 Alternate definition of singleton. Definition 5.1 of [TakeutiZaring] p. 15. (Contributed by NM, 24-Apr-1994.)
{𝐴} = {𝐴, 𝐴}

Theoremelsng 3431 There is exactly one element in a singleton. Exercise 2 of [TakeutiZaring] p. 15 (generalized). (Contributed by NM, 13-Sep-1995.) (Proof shortened by Andrew Salmon, 29-Jun-2011.)
(𝐴𝑉 → (𝐴 ∈ {𝐵} ↔ 𝐴 = 𝐵))

Theoremelsn 3432 There is exactly one element in a singleton. Exercise 2 of [TakeutiZaring] p. 15. (Contributed by NM, 13-Sep-1995.)
𝐴 ∈ V       (𝐴 ∈ {𝐵} ↔ 𝐴 = 𝐵)

Theoremvelsn 3433 There is only one element in a singleton. Exercise 2 of [TakeutiZaring] p. 15. (Contributed by NM, 21-Jun-1993.)
(𝑥 ∈ {𝐴} ↔ 𝑥 = 𝐴)

Theoremelsni 3434 There is only one element in a singleton. (Contributed by NM, 5-Jun-1994.)
(𝐴 ∈ {𝐵} → 𝐴 = 𝐵)

Theoremdfpr2 3435* Alternate definition of unordered pair. Definition 5.1 of [TakeutiZaring] p. 15. (Contributed by NM, 24-Apr-1994.)
{𝐴, 𝐵} = {𝑥 ∣ (𝑥 = 𝐴𝑥 = 𝐵)}

Theoremelprg 3436 A member of an unordered pair of classes is one or the other of them. Exercise 1 of [TakeutiZaring] p. 15, generalized. (Contributed by NM, 13-Sep-1995.)
(𝐴𝑉 → (𝐴 ∈ {𝐵, 𝐶} ↔ (𝐴 = 𝐵𝐴 = 𝐶)))

Theoremelpr 3437 A member of an unordered pair of classes is one or the other of them. Exercise 1 of [TakeutiZaring] p. 15. (Contributed by NM, 13-Sep-1995.)
𝐴 ∈ V       (𝐴 ∈ {𝐵, 𝐶} ↔ (𝐴 = 𝐵𝐴 = 𝐶))

Theoremelpr2 3438 A member of an unordered pair of classes is one or the other of them. Exercise 1 of [TakeutiZaring] p. 15. (Contributed by NM, 14-Oct-2005.)
𝐵 ∈ V    &   𝐶 ∈ V       (𝐴 ∈ {𝐵, 𝐶} ↔ (𝐴 = 𝐵𝐴 = 𝐶))

Theoremelpri 3439 If a class is an element of a pair, then it is one of the two paired elements. (Contributed by Scott Fenton, 1-Apr-2011.)
(𝐴 ∈ {𝐵, 𝐶} → (𝐴 = 𝐵𝐴 = 𝐶))

Theoremnelpri 3440 If an element doesn't match the items in an unordered pair, it is not in the unordered pair. (Contributed by David A. Wheeler, 10-May-2015.)
𝐴𝐵    &   𝐴𝐶        ¬ 𝐴 ∈ {𝐵, 𝐶}

Theoremsnidg 3441 A set is a member of its singleton. Part of Theorem 7.6 of [Quine] p. 49. (Contributed by NM, 28-Oct-2003.)
(𝐴𝑉𝐴 ∈ {𝐴})

Theoremsnidb 3442 A class is a set iff it is a member of its singleton. (Contributed by NM, 5-Apr-2004.)
(𝐴 ∈ V ↔ 𝐴 ∈ {𝐴})

Theoremsnid 3443 A set is a member of its singleton. Part of Theorem 7.6 of [Quine] p. 49. (Contributed by NM, 31-Dec-1993.)
𝐴 ∈ V       𝐴 ∈ {𝐴}

Theoremvsnid 3444 A setvar variable is a member of its singleton (common case). (Contributed by David A. Wheeler, 8-Dec-2018.)
𝑥 ∈ {𝑥}

Theoremelsn2g 3445 There is only one element in a singleton. Exercise 2 of [TakeutiZaring] p. 15. This variation requires only that 𝐵, rather than 𝐴, be a set. (Contributed by NM, 28-Oct-2003.)
(𝐵𝑉 → (𝐴 ∈ {𝐵} ↔ 𝐴 = 𝐵))

Theoremelsn2 3446 There is only one element in a singleton. Exercise 2 of [TakeutiZaring] p. 15. This variation requires only that 𝐵, rather than 𝐴, be a set. (Contributed by NM, 12-Jun-1994.)
𝐵 ∈ V       (𝐴 ∈ {𝐵} ↔ 𝐴 = 𝐵)

Theoremmosn 3447* A singleton has at most one element. This works whether 𝐴 is a proper class or not, and in that sense can be seen as encompassing both snmg 3526 and snprc 3475. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 30-Aug-2018.)
∃*𝑥 𝑥 ∈ {𝐴}

Theoremralsnsg 3448* Substitution expressed in terms of quantification over a singleton. (Contributed by NM, 14-Dec-2005.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 23-Apr-2015.)
(𝐴𝑉 → (∀𝑥 ∈ {𝐴}𝜑[𝐴 / 𝑥]𝜑))

Theoremralsns 3449* Substitution expressed in terms of quantification over a singleton. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 23-Apr-2015.)
(𝐴𝑉 → (∀𝑥 ∈ {𝐴}𝜑[𝐴 / 𝑥]𝜑))

Theoremrexsns 3450* Restricted existential quantification over a singleton. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 23-Apr-2015.) (Revised by NM, 22-Aug-2018.)
(∃𝑥 ∈ {𝐴}𝜑[𝐴 / 𝑥]𝜑)

Theoremralsng 3451* Substitution expressed in terms of quantification over a singleton. (Contributed by NM, 14-Dec-2005.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 23-Apr-2015.)
(𝑥 = 𝐴 → (𝜑𝜓))       (𝐴𝑉 → (∀𝑥 ∈ {𝐴}𝜑𝜓))

Theoremrexsng 3452* Restricted existential quantification over a singleton. (Contributed by NM, 29-Jan-2012.)
(𝑥 = 𝐴 → (𝜑𝜓))       (𝐴𝑉 → (∃𝑥 ∈ {𝐴}𝜑𝜓))

Theoremexsnrex 3453 There is a set being the element of a singleton if and only if there is an element of the singleton. (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 1-Jan-2018.)
(∃𝑥 𝑀 = {𝑥} ↔ ∃𝑥𝑀 𝑀 = {𝑥})

Theoremralsn 3454* Convert a quantification over a singleton to a substitution. (Contributed by NM, 27-Apr-2009.)
𝐴 ∈ V    &   (𝑥 = 𝐴 → (𝜑𝜓))       (∀𝑥 ∈ {𝐴}𝜑𝜓)

Theoremrexsn 3455* Restricted existential quantification over a singleton. (Contributed by Jeff Madsen, 5-Jan-2011.)
𝐴 ∈ V    &   (𝑥 = 𝐴 → (𝜑𝜓))       (∃𝑥 ∈ {𝐴}𝜑𝜓)

Theoremeltpg 3456 Members of an unordered triple of classes. (Contributed by FL, 2-Feb-2014.) (Proof shortened by Mario Carneiro, 11-Feb-2015.)
(𝐴𝑉 → (𝐴 ∈ {𝐵, 𝐶, 𝐷} ↔ (𝐴 = 𝐵𝐴 = 𝐶𝐴 = 𝐷)))

Theoremeltpi 3457 A member of an unordered triple of classes is one of them. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 11-Feb-2015.)
(𝐴 ∈ {𝐵, 𝐶, 𝐷} → (𝐴 = 𝐵𝐴 = 𝐶𝐴 = 𝐷))

Theoremeltp 3458 A member of an unordered triple of classes is one of them. Special case of Exercise 1 of [TakeutiZaring] p. 17. (Contributed by NM, 8-Apr-1994.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 11-Feb-2015.)
𝐴 ∈ V       (𝐴 ∈ {𝐵, 𝐶, 𝐷} ↔ (𝐴 = 𝐵𝐴 = 𝐶𝐴 = 𝐷))

Theoremdftp2 3459* Alternate definition of unordered triple of classes. Special case of Definition 5.3 of [TakeutiZaring] p. 16. (Contributed by NM, 8-Apr-1994.)
{𝐴, 𝐵, 𝐶} = {𝑥 ∣ (𝑥 = 𝐴𝑥 = 𝐵𝑥 = 𝐶)}

Theoremnfpr 3460 Bound-variable hypothesis builder for unordered pairs. (Contributed by NM, 14-Nov-1995.)
𝑥𝐴    &   𝑥𝐵       𝑥{𝐴, 𝐵}

Theoremralprg 3461* Convert a quantification over a pair to a conjunction. (Contributed by NM, 17-Sep-2011.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 23-Apr-2015.)
(𝑥 = 𝐴 → (𝜑𝜓))    &   (𝑥 = 𝐵 → (𝜑𝜒))       ((𝐴𝑉𝐵𝑊) → (∀𝑥 ∈ {𝐴, 𝐵}𝜑 ↔ (𝜓𝜒)))

Theoremrexprg 3462* Convert a quantification over a pair to a disjunction. (Contributed by NM, 17-Sep-2011.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 23-Apr-2015.)
(𝑥 = 𝐴 → (𝜑𝜓))    &   (𝑥 = 𝐵 → (𝜑𝜒))       ((𝐴𝑉𝐵𝑊) → (∃𝑥 ∈ {𝐴, 𝐵}𝜑 ↔ (𝜓𝜒)))

Theoremraltpg 3463* Convert a quantification over a triple to a conjunction. (Contributed by NM, 17-Sep-2011.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 23-Apr-2015.)
(𝑥 = 𝐴 → (𝜑𝜓))    &   (𝑥 = 𝐵 → (𝜑𝜒))    &   (𝑥 = 𝐶 → (𝜑𝜃))       ((𝐴𝑉𝐵𝑊𝐶𝑋) → (∀𝑥 ∈ {𝐴, 𝐵, 𝐶}𝜑 ↔ (𝜓𝜒𝜃)))

Theoremrextpg 3464* Convert a quantification over a triple to a disjunction. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 23-Apr-2015.)
(𝑥 = 𝐴 → (𝜑𝜓))    &   (𝑥 = 𝐵 → (𝜑𝜒))    &   (𝑥 = 𝐶 → (𝜑𝜃))       ((𝐴𝑉𝐵𝑊𝐶𝑋) → (∃𝑥 ∈ {𝐴, 𝐵, 𝐶}𝜑 ↔ (𝜓𝜒𝜃)))

Theoremralpr 3465* Convert a quantification over a pair to a conjunction. (Contributed by NM, 3-Jun-2007.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 23-Apr-2015.)
𝐴 ∈ V    &   𝐵 ∈ V    &   (𝑥 = 𝐴 → (𝜑𝜓))    &   (𝑥 = 𝐵 → (𝜑𝜒))       (∀𝑥 ∈ {𝐴, 𝐵}𝜑 ↔ (𝜓𝜒))

Theoremrexpr 3466* Convert an existential quantification over a pair to a disjunction. (Contributed by NM, 3-Jun-2007.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 23-Apr-2015.)
𝐴 ∈ V    &   𝐵 ∈ V    &   (𝑥 = 𝐴 → (𝜑𝜓))    &   (𝑥 = 𝐵 → (𝜑𝜒))       (∃𝑥 ∈ {𝐴, 𝐵}𝜑 ↔ (𝜓𝜒))

Theoremraltp 3467* Convert a quantification over a triple to a conjunction. (Contributed by NM, 13-Sep-2011.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 23-Apr-2015.)
𝐴 ∈ V    &   𝐵 ∈ V    &   𝐶 ∈ V    &   (𝑥 = 𝐴 → (𝜑𝜓))    &   (𝑥 = 𝐵 → (𝜑𝜒))    &   (𝑥 = 𝐶 → (𝜑𝜃))       (∀𝑥 ∈ {𝐴, 𝐵, 𝐶}𝜑 ↔ (𝜓𝜒𝜃))

Theoremrextp 3468* Convert a quantification over a triple to a disjunction. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 23-Apr-2015.)
𝐴 ∈ V    &   𝐵 ∈ V    &   𝐶 ∈ V    &   (𝑥 = 𝐴 → (𝜑𝜓))    &   (𝑥 = 𝐵 → (𝜑𝜒))    &   (𝑥 = 𝐶 → (𝜑𝜃))       (∃𝑥 ∈ {𝐴, 𝐵, 𝐶}𝜑 ↔ (𝜓𝜒𝜃))

Theoremsbcsng 3469* Substitution expressed in terms of quantification over a singleton. (Contributed by NM, 14-Dec-2005.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 23-Apr-2015.)
(𝐴𝑉 → ([𝐴 / 𝑥]𝜑 ↔ ∀𝑥 ∈ {𝐴}𝜑))

Theoremnfsn 3470 Bound-variable hypothesis builder for singletons. (Contributed by NM, 14-Nov-1995.)
𝑥𝐴       𝑥{𝐴}

Theoremcsbsng 3471 Distribute proper substitution through the singleton of a class. (Contributed by Alan Sare, 10-Nov-2012.)
(𝐴𝑉𝐴 / 𝑥{𝐵} = {𝐴 / 𝑥𝐵})

Theoremdisjsn 3472 Intersection with the singleton of a non-member is disjoint. (Contributed by NM, 22-May-1998.) (Proof shortened by Andrew Salmon, 29-Jun-2011.) (Proof shortened by Wolf Lammen, 30-Sep-2014.)
((𝐴 ∩ {𝐵}) = ∅ ↔ ¬ 𝐵𝐴)

Theoremdisjsn2 3473 Intersection of distinct singletons is disjoint. (Contributed by NM, 25-May-1998.)
(𝐴𝐵 → ({𝐴} ∩ {𝐵}) = ∅)

Theoremdisjpr2 3474 The intersection of distinct unordered pairs is disjoint. (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 11-Nov-2017.)
(((𝐴𝐶𝐵𝐶) ∧ (𝐴𝐷𝐵𝐷)) → ({𝐴, 𝐵} ∩ {𝐶, 𝐷}) = ∅)

Theoremsnprc 3475 The singleton of a proper class (one that doesn't exist) is the empty set. Theorem 7.2 of [Quine] p. 48. (Contributed by NM, 5-Aug-1993.)
𝐴 ∈ V ↔ {𝐴} = ∅)

Theoremr19.12sn 3476* Special case of r19.12 2471 where its converse holds. (Contributed by NM, 19-May-2008.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 23-Apr-2015.) (Revised by BJ, 20-Dec-2021.)
(𝐴𝑉 → (∃𝑥 ∈ {𝐴}∀𝑦𝐵 𝜑 ↔ ∀𝑦𝐵𝑥 ∈ {𝐴}𝜑))

Theoremrabsn 3477* Condition where a restricted class abstraction is a singleton. (Contributed by NM, 28-May-2006.)
(𝐵𝐴 → {𝑥𝐴𝑥 = 𝐵} = {𝐵})

Theoremrabrsndc 3478* A class abstraction over a decidable proposition restricted to a singleton is either the empty set or the singleton itself. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 8-Aug-2018.)
𝐴 ∈ V    &   DECID 𝜑       (𝑀 = {𝑥 ∈ {𝐴} ∣ 𝜑} → (𝑀 = ∅ ∨ 𝑀 = {𝐴}))

Theoremeuabsn2 3479* Another way to express existential uniqueness of a wff: its class abstraction is a singleton. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 14-Nov-2016.)
(∃!𝑥𝜑 ↔ ∃𝑦{𝑥𝜑} = {𝑦})

Theoremeuabsn 3480 Another way to express existential uniqueness of a wff: its class abstraction is a singleton. (Contributed by NM, 22-Feb-2004.)
(∃!𝑥𝜑 ↔ ∃𝑥{𝑥𝜑} = {𝑥})

Theoremreusn 3481* A way to express restricted existential uniqueness of a wff: its restricted class abstraction is a singleton. (Contributed by NM, 30-May-2006.) (Proof shortened by Mario Carneiro, 14-Nov-2016.)
(∃!𝑥𝐴 𝜑 ↔ ∃𝑦{𝑥𝐴𝜑} = {𝑦})

Theoremabsneu 3482 Restricted existential uniqueness determined by a singleton. (Contributed by NM, 29-May-2006.)
((𝐴𝑉 ∧ {𝑥𝜑} = {𝐴}) → ∃!𝑥𝜑)

Theoremrabsneu 3483 Restricted existential uniqueness determined by a singleton. (Contributed by NM, 29-May-2006.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 23-Dec-2016.)
((𝐴𝑉 ∧ {𝑥𝐵𝜑} = {𝐴}) → ∃!𝑥𝐵 𝜑)

Theoremeusn 3484* Two ways to express "𝐴 is a singleton." (Contributed by NM, 30-Oct-2010.)
(∃!𝑥 𝑥𝐴 ↔ ∃𝑥 𝐴 = {𝑥})

Theoremrabsnt 3485* Truth implied by equality of a restricted class abstraction and a singleton. (Contributed by NM, 29-May-2006.) (Proof shortened by Mario Carneiro, 23-Dec-2016.)
𝐵 ∈ V    &   (𝑥 = 𝐵 → (𝜑𝜓))       ({𝑥𝐴𝜑} = {𝐵} → 𝜓)

Theoremprcom 3486 Commutative law for unordered pairs. (Contributed by NM, 5-Aug-1993.)
{𝐴, 𝐵} = {𝐵, 𝐴}

Theorempreq1 3487 Equality theorem for unordered pairs. (Contributed by NM, 29-Mar-1998.)
(𝐴 = 𝐵 → {𝐴, 𝐶} = {𝐵, 𝐶})

Theorempreq2 3488 Equality theorem for unordered pairs. (Contributed by NM, 5-Aug-1993.)
(𝐴 = 𝐵 → {𝐶, 𝐴} = {𝐶, 𝐵})

Theorempreq12 3489 Equality theorem for unordered pairs. (Contributed by NM, 19-Oct-2012.)
((𝐴 = 𝐶𝐵 = 𝐷) → {𝐴, 𝐵} = {𝐶, 𝐷})

Theorempreq1i 3490 Equality inference for unordered pairs. (Contributed by NM, 19-Oct-2012.)
𝐴 = 𝐵       {𝐴, 𝐶} = {𝐵, 𝐶}

Theorempreq2i 3491 Equality inference for unordered pairs. (Contributed by NM, 19-Oct-2012.)
𝐴 = 𝐵       {𝐶, 𝐴} = {𝐶, 𝐵}

Theorempreq12i 3492 Equality inference for unordered pairs. (Contributed by NM, 19-Oct-2012.)
𝐴 = 𝐵    &   𝐶 = 𝐷       {𝐴, 𝐶} = {𝐵, 𝐷}

Theorempreq1d 3493 Equality deduction for unordered pairs. (Contributed by NM, 19-Oct-2012.)
(𝜑𝐴 = 𝐵)       (𝜑 → {𝐴, 𝐶} = {𝐵, 𝐶})

Theorempreq2d 3494 Equality deduction for unordered pairs. (Contributed by NM, 19-Oct-2012.)
(𝜑𝐴 = 𝐵)       (𝜑 → {𝐶, 𝐴} = {𝐶, 𝐵})

Theorempreq12d 3495 Equality deduction for unordered pairs. (Contributed by NM, 19-Oct-2012.)
(𝜑𝐴 = 𝐵)    &   (𝜑𝐶 = 𝐷)       (𝜑 → {𝐴, 𝐶} = {𝐵, 𝐷})

Theoremtpeq1 3496 Equality theorem for unordered triples. (Contributed by NM, 13-Sep-2011.)
(𝐴 = 𝐵 → {𝐴, 𝐶, 𝐷} = {𝐵, 𝐶, 𝐷})

Theoremtpeq2 3497 Equality theorem for unordered triples. (Contributed by NM, 13-Sep-2011.)
(𝐴 = 𝐵 → {𝐶, 𝐴, 𝐷} = {𝐶, 𝐵, 𝐷})

Theoremtpeq3 3498 Equality theorem for unordered triples. (Contributed by NM, 13-Sep-2011.)
(𝐴 = 𝐵 → {𝐶, 𝐷, 𝐴} = {𝐶, 𝐷, 𝐵})

Theoremtpeq1d 3499 Equality theorem for unordered triples. (Contributed by NM, 22-Jun-2014.)
(𝜑𝐴 = 𝐵)       (𝜑 → {𝐴, 𝐶, 𝐷} = {𝐵, 𝐶, 𝐷})

Theoremtpeq2d 3500 Equality theorem for unordered triples. (Contributed by NM, 22-Jun-2014.)
(𝜑𝐴 = 𝐵)       (𝜑 → {𝐶, 𝐴, 𝐷} = {𝐶, 𝐵, 𝐷})

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