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Theorem List for Intuitionistic Logic Explorer - 4901-5000   *Has distinct variable group(s)
TypeLabelDescription
Statement
 
Theoremrelcnvfld 4901 if 𝑅 is a relation, its double union equals the double union of its converse. (Contributed by FL, 5-Jan-2009.)
(Rel 𝑅 𝑅 = 𝑅)
 
Theoremdfdm2 4902 Alternate definition of domain df-dm 4401 that doesn't require dummy variables. (Contributed by NM, 2-Aug-2010.)
dom 𝐴 = (𝐴𝐴)
 
Theoremunixpm 4903* The double class union of an inhabited cross product is the union of its members. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 18-Dec-2018.)
(∃𝑥 𝑥 ∈ (𝐴 × 𝐵) → (𝐴 × 𝐵) = (𝐴𝐵))
 
Theoremunixp0im 4904 The union of an empty cross product is empty. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 18-Dec-2018.)
((𝐴 × 𝐵) = ∅ → (𝐴 × 𝐵) = ∅)
 
Theoremcnvexg 4905 The converse of a set is a set. Corollary 6.8(1) of [TakeutiZaring] p. 26. (Contributed by NM, 17-Mar-1998.)
(𝐴𝑉𝐴 ∈ V)
 
Theoremcnvex 4906 The converse of a set is a set. Corollary 6.8(1) of [TakeutiZaring] p. 26. (Contributed by NM, 19-Dec-2003.)
𝐴 ∈ V       𝐴 ∈ V
 
Theoremrelcnvexb 4907 A relation is a set iff its converse is a set. (Contributed by FL, 3-Mar-2007.)
(Rel 𝑅 → (𝑅 ∈ V ↔ 𝑅 ∈ V))
 
Theoremressn 4908 Restriction of a class to a singleton. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 28-Dec-2014.)
(𝐴 ↾ {𝐵}) = ({𝐵} × (𝐴 “ {𝐵}))
 
Theoremcnviinm 4909* The converse of an intersection is the intersection of the converse. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 18-Dec-2018.)
(∃𝑦 𝑦𝐴 𝑥𝐴 𝐵 = 𝑥𝐴 𝐵)
 
Theoremcnvpom 4910* The converse of a partial order relation is a partial order relation. (Contributed by NM, 15-Jun-2005.)
(∃𝑥 𝑥𝐴 → (𝑅 Po 𝐴𝑅 Po 𝐴))
 
Theoremcnvsom 4911* The converse of a strict order relation is a strict order relation. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 19-Dec-2018.)
(∃𝑥 𝑥𝐴 → (𝑅 Or 𝐴𝑅 Or 𝐴))
 
Theoremcoexg 4912 The composition of two sets is a set. (Contributed by NM, 19-Mar-1998.)
((𝐴𝑉𝐵𝑊) → (𝐴𝐵) ∈ V)
 
Theoremcoex 4913 The composition of two sets is a set. (Contributed by NM, 15-Dec-2003.)
𝐴 ∈ V    &   𝐵 ∈ V       (𝐴𝐵) ∈ V
 
Theoremxpcom 4914* Composition of two cross products. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 20-Dec-2018.)
(∃𝑥 𝑥𝐵 → ((𝐵 × 𝐶) ∘ (𝐴 × 𝐵)) = (𝐴 × 𝐶))
 
2.6.7  Definite description binder (inverted iota)
 
Syntaxcio 4915 Extend class notation with Russell's definition description binder (inverted iota).
class (℩𝑥𝜑)
 
Theoremiotajust 4916* Soundness justification theorem for df-iota 4917. (Contributed by Andrew Salmon, 29-Jun-2011.)
{𝑦 ∣ {𝑥𝜑} = {𝑦}} = {𝑧 ∣ {𝑥𝜑} = {𝑧}}
 
Definitiondf-iota 4917* Define Russell's definition description binder, which can be read as "the unique 𝑥 such that 𝜑," where 𝜑 ordinarily contains 𝑥 as a free variable. Our definition is meaningful only when there is exactly one 𝑥 such that 𝜑 is true (see iotaval 4928); otherwise, it evaluates to the empty set (see iotanul 4932). Russell used the inverted iota symbol to represent the binder.

Sometimes proofs need to expand an iota-based definition. That is, given "X = the x for which ... x ... x ..." holds, the proof needs to get to "... X ... X ...". A general strategy to do this is to use iotacl 4940 (for unbounded iota). This can be easier than applying a version that applies an explicit substitution, because substituting an iota into its own property always has a bound variable clash which must be first renamed or else guarded with NF.

(Contributed by Andrew Salmon, 30-Jun-2011.)

(℩𝑥𝜑) = {𝑦 ∣ {𝑥𝜑} = {𝑦}}
 
Theoremdfiota2 4918* Alternate definition for descriptions. Definition 8.18 in [Quine] p. 56. (Contributed by Andrew Salmon, 30-Jun-2011.)
(℩𝑥𝜑) = {𝑦 ∣ ∀𝑥(𝜑𝑥 = 𝑦)}
 
Theoremnfiota1 4919 Bound-variable hypothesis builder for the class. (Contributed by Andrew Salmon, 11-Jul-2011.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 15-Oct-2016.)
𝑥(℩𝑥𝜑)
 
Theoremnfiotadxy 4920* Deduction version of nfiotaxy 4921. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 21-Dec-2018.)
𝑦𝜑    &   (𝜑 → Ⅎ𝑥𝜓)       (𝜑𝑥(℩𝑦𝜓))
 
Theoremnfiotaxy 4921* Bound-variable hypothesis builder for the class. (Contributed by NM, 23-Aug-2011.)
𝑥𝜑       𝑥(℩𝑦𝜑)
 
Theoremcbviota 4922 Change bound variables in a description binder. (Contributed by Andrew Salmon, 1-Aug-2011.)
(𝑥 = 𝑦 → (𝜑𝜓))    &   𝑦𝜑    &   𝑥𝜓       (℩𝑥𝜑) = (℩𝑦𝜓)
 
Theoremcbviotav 4923* Change bound variables in a description binder. (Contributed by Andrew Salmon, 1-Aug-2011.)
(𝑥 = 𝑦 → (𝜑𝜓))       (℩𝑥𝜑) = (℩𝑦𝜓)
 
Theoremsb8iota 4924 Variable substitution in description binder. Compare sb8eu 1956. (Contributed by NM, 18-Mar-2013.)
𝑦𝜑       (℩𝑥𝜑) = (℩𝑦[𝑦 / 𝑥]𝜑)
 
Theoremiotaeq 4925 Equality theorem for descriptions. (Contributed by Andrew Salmon, 30-Jun-2011.)
(∀𝑥 𝑥 = 𝑦 → (℩𝑥𝜑) = (℩𝑦𝜑))
 
Theoremiotabi 4926 Equivalence theorem for descriptions. (Contributed by Andrew Salmon, 30-Jun-2011.)
(∀𝑥(𝜑𝜓) → (℩𝑥𝜑) = (℩𝑥𝜓))
 
Theoremuniabio 4927* Part of Theorem 8.17 in [Quine] p. 56. This theorem serves as a lemma for the fundamental property of iota. (Contributed by Andrew Salmon, 11-Jul-2011.)
(∀𝑥(𝜑𝑥 = 𝑦) → {𝑥𝜑} = 𝑦)
 
Theoremiotaval 4928* Theorem 8.19 in [Quine] p. 57. This theorem is the fundamental property of iota. (Contributed by Andrew Salmon, 11-Jul-2011.)
(∀𝑥(𝜑𝑥 = 𝑦) → (℩𝑥𝜑) = 𝑦)
 
Theoremiotauni 4929 Equivalence between two different forms of . (Contributed by Andrew Salmon, 12-Jul-2011.)
(∃!𝑥𝜑 → (℩𝑥𝜑) = {𝑥𝜑})
 
Theoremiotaint 4930 Equivalence between two different forms of . (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 24-Dec-2016.)
(∃!𝑥𝜑 → (℩𝑥𝜑) = {𝑥𝜑})
 
Theoremiota1 4931 Property of iota. (Contributed by NM, 23-Aug-2011.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 23-Dec-2016.)
(∃!𝑥𝜑 → (𝜑 ↔ (℩𝑥𝜑) = 𝑥))
 
Theoremiotanul 4932 Theorem 8.22 in [Quine] p. 57. This theorem is the result if there isn't exactly one 𝑥 that satisfies 𝜑. (Contributed by Andrew Salmon, 11-Jul-2011.)
(¬ ∃!𝑥𝜑 → (℩𝑥𝜑) = ∅)
 
Theoremeuiotaex 4933 Theorem 8.23 in [Quine] p. 58, with existential uniqueness condition added. This theorem proves the existence of the class under our definition. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 21-Dec-2018.)
(∃!𝑥𝜑 → (℩𝑥𝜑) ∈ V)
 
Theoremiotass 4934* Value of iota based on a proposition which holds only for values which are subsets of a given class. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro and Jim Kingdon, 21-Dec-2018.)
(∀𝑥(𝜑𝑥𝐴) → (℩𝑥𝜑) ⊆ 𝐴)
 
Theoremiota4 4935 Theorem *14.22 in [WhiteheadRussell] p. 190. (Contributed by Andrew Salmon, 12-Jul-2011.)
(∃!𝑥𝜑[(℩𝑥𝜑) / 𝑥]𝜑)
 
Theoremiota4an 4936 Theorem *14.23 in [WhiteheadRussell] p. 191. (Contributed by Andrew Salmon, 12-Jul-2011.)
(∃!𝑥(𝜑𝜓) → [(℩𝑥(𝜑𝜓)) / 𝑥]𝜑)
 
Theoremiota5 4937* A method for computing iota. (Contributed by NM, 17-Sep-2013.)
((𝜑𝐴𝑉) → (𝜓𝑥 = 𝐴))       ((𝜑𝐴𝑉) → (℩𝑥𝜓) = 𝐴)
 
Theoremiotabidv 4938* Formula-building deduction rule for iota. (Contributed by NM, 20-Aug-2011.)
(𝜑 → (𝜓𝜒))       (𝜑 → (℩𝑥𝜓) = (℩𝑥𝜒))
 
Theoremiotabii 4939 Formula-building deduction rule for iota. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 2-Oct-2015.)
(𝜑𝜓)       (℩𝑥𝜑) = (℩𝑥𝜓)
 
Theoremiotacl 4940 Membership law for descriptions.

This can useful for expanding an unbounded iota-based definition (see df-iota 4917).

(Contributed by Andrew Salmon, 1-Aug-2011.)

(∃!𝑥𝜑 → (℩𝑥𝜑) ∈ {𝑥𝜑})
 
Theoremiota2df 4941 A condition that allows us to represent "the unique element such that 𝜑 " with a class expression 𝐴. (Contributed by NM, 30-Dec-2014.)
(𝜑𝐵𝑉)    &   (𝜑 → ∃!𝑥𝜓)    &   ((𝜑𝑥 = 𝐵) → (𝜓𝜒))    &   𝑥𝜑    &   (𝜑 → Ⅎ𝑥𝜒)    &   (𝜑𝑥𝐵)       (𝜑 → (𝜒 ↔ (℩𝑥𝜓) = 𝐵))
 
Theoremiota2d 4942* A condition that allows us to represent "the unique element such that 𝜑 " with a class expression 𝐴. (Contributed by NM, 30-Dec-2014.)
(𝜑𝐵𝑉)    &   (𝜑 → ∃!𝑥𝜓)    &   ((𝜑𝑥 = 𝐵) → (𝜓𝜒))       (𝜑 → (𝜒 ↔ (℩𝑥𝜓) = 𝐵))
 
Theoremiota2 4943* The unique element such that 𝜑. (Contributed by Jeff Madsen, 1-Jun-2011.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 23-Dec-2016.)
(𝑥 = 𝐴 → (𝜑𝜓))       ((𝐴𝐵 ∧ ∃!𝑥𝜑) → (𝜓 ↔ (℩𝑥𝜑) = 𝐴))
 
Theoremsniota 4944 A class abstraction with a unique member can be expressed as a singleton. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 23-Dec-2016.)
(∃!𝑥𝜑 → {𝑥𝜑} = {(℩𝑥𝜑)})
 
Theoremcsbiotag 4945* Class substitution within a description binder. (Contributed by Scott Fenton, 6-Oct-2017.)
(𝐴𝑉𝐴 / 𝑥(℩𝑦𝜑) = (℩𝑦[𝐴 / 𝑥]𝜑))
 
2.6.8  Functions
 
Syntaxwfun 4946 Extend the definition of a wff to include the function predicate. (Read: 𝐴 is a function.)
wff Fun 𝐴
 
Syntaxwfn 4947 Extend the definition of a wff to include the function predicate with a domain. (Read: 𝐴 is a function on 𝐵.)
wff 𝐴 Fn 𝐵
 
Syntaxwf 4948 Extend the definition of a wff to include the function predicate with domain and codomain. (Read: 𝐹 maps 𝐴 into 𝐵.)
wff 𝐹:𝐴𝐵
 
Syntaxwf1 4949 Extend the definition of a wff to include one-to-one functions. (Read: 𝐹 maps 𝐴 one-to-one into 𝐵.) The notation ("1-1" above the arrow) is from Definition 6.15(5) of [TakeutiZaring] p. 27.
wff 𝐹:𝐴1-1𝐵
 
Syntaxwfo 4950 Extend the definition of a wff to include onto functions. (Read: 𝐹 maps 𝐴 onto 𝐵.) The notation ("onto" below the arrow) is from Definition 6.15(4) of [TakeutiZaring] p. 27.
wff 𝐹:𝐴onto𝐵
 
Syntaxwf1o 4951 Extend the definition of a wff to include one-to-one onto functions. (Read: 𝐹 maps 𝐴 one-to-one onto 𝐵.) The notation ("1-1" above the arrow and "onto" below the arrow) is from Definition 6.15(6) of [TakeutiZaring] p. 27.
wff 𝐹:𝐴1-1-onto𝐵
 
Syntaxcfv 4952 Extend the definition of a class to include the value of a function. (Read: The value of 𝐹 at 𝐴, or "𝐹 of 𝐴.")
class (𝐹𝐴)
 
Syntaxwiso 4953 Extend the definition of a wff to include the isomorphism property. (Read: 𝐻 is an 𝑅, 𝑆 isomorphism of 𝐴 onto 𝐵.)
wff 𝐻 Isom 𝑅, 𝑆 (𝐴, 𝐵)
 
Definitiondf-fun 4954 Define predicate that determines if some class 𝐴 is a function. Definition 10.1 of [Quine] p. 65. For example, the expression Fun I is true (funi 4982). This is not the same as defining a specific function's mapping, which is typically done using the format of cmpt 3859 with the maps-to notation (see df-mpt 3861). Contrast this predicate with the predicates to determine if some class is a function with a given domain (df-fn 4955), a function with a given domain and codomain (df-f 4956), a one-to-one function (df-f1 4957), an onto function (df-fo 4958), or a one-to-one onto function (df-f1o 4959). For alternate definitions, see dffun2 4962, dffun4 4963, dffun6 4966, dffun7 4978, dffun8 4979, and dffun9 4980. (Contributed by NM, 1-Aug-1994.)
(Fun 𝐴 ↔ (Rel 𝐴 ∧ (𝐴𝐴) ⊆ I ))
 
Definitiondf-fn 4955 Define a function with domain. Definition 6.15(1) of [TakeutiZaring] p. 27. (Contributed by NM, 1-Aug-1994.)
(𝐴 Fn 𝐵 ↔ (Fun 𝐴 ∧ dom 𝐴 = 𝐵))
 
Definitiondf-f 4956 Define a function (mapping) with domain and codomain. Definition 6.15(3) of [TakeutiZaring] p. 27. (Contributed by NM, 1-Aug-1994.)
(𝐹:𝐴𝐵 ↔ (𝐹 Fn 𝐴 ∧ ran 𝐹𝐵))
 
Definitiondf-f1 4957 Define a one-to-one function. Compare Definition 6.15(5) of [TakeutiZaring] p. 27. We use their notation ("1-1" above the arrow). (Contributed by NM, 1-Aug-1994.)
(𝐹:𝐴1-1𝐵 ↔ (𝐹:𝐴𝐵 ∧ Fun 𝐹))
 
Definitiondf-fo 4958 Define an onto function. Definition 6.15(4) of [TakeutiZaring] p. 27. We use their notation ("onto" under the arrow). (Contributed by NM, 1-Aug-1994.)
(𝐹:𝐴onto𝐵 ↔ (𝐹 Fn 𝐴 ∧ ran 𝐹 = 𝐵))
 
Definitiondf-f1o 4959 Define a one-to-one onto function. Compare Definition 6.15(6) of [TakeutiZaring] p. 27. We use their notation ("1-1" above the arrow and "onto" below the arrow). (Contributed by NM, 1-Aug-1994.)
(𝐹:𝐴1-1-onto𝐵 ↔ (𝐹:𝐴1-1𝐵𝐹:𝐴onto𝐵))
 
Definitiondf-fv 4960* Define the value of a function, (𝐹𝐴), also known as function application. For example, ( I ‘∅) = ∅. Typically, function 𝐹 is defined using maps-to notation (see df-mpt 3861), but this is not required. For example, F = { 2 , 6 , 3 , 9 } -> ( F 3 ) = 9 . We will later define two-argument functions using ordered pairs as (𝐴𝐹𝐵) = (𝐹‘⟨𝐴, 𝐵⟩). This particular definition is quite convenient: it can be applied to any class and evaluates to the empty set when it is not meaningful. The left apostrophe notation originated with Peano and was adopted in Definition *30.01 of [WhiteheadRussell] p. 235, Definition 10.11 of [Quine] p. 68, and Definition 6.11 of [TakeutiZaring] p. 26. It means the same thing as the more familiar 𝐹(𝐴) notation for a function's value at 𝐴, i.e. "𝐹 of 𝐴," but without context-dependent notational ambiguity. (Contributed by NM, 1-Aug-1994.) Revised to use . (Revised by Scott Fenton, 6-Oct-2017.)
(𝐹𝐴) = (℩𝑥𝐴𝐹𝑥)
 
Definitiondf-isom 4961* Define the isomorphism predicate. We read this as "𝐻 is an 𝑅, 𝑆 isomorphism of 𝐴 onto 𝐵." Normally, 𝑅 and 𝑆 are ordering relations on 𝐴 and 𝐵 respectively. Definition 6.28 of [TakeutiZaring] p. 32, whose notation is the same as ours except that 𝑅 and 𝑆 are subscripts. (Contributed by NM, 4-Mar-1997.)
(𝐻 Isom 𝑅, 𝑆 (𝐴, 𝐵) ↔ (𝐻:𝐴1-1-onto𝐵 ∧ ∀𝑥𝐴𝑦𝐴 (𝑥𝑅𝑦 ↔ (𝐻𝑥)𝑆(𝐻𝑦))))
 
Theoremdffun2 4962* Alternate definition of a function. (Contributed by NM, 29-Dec-1996.)
(Fun 𝐴 ↔ (Rel 𝐴 ∧ ∀𝑥𝑦𝑧((𝑥𝐴𝑦𝑥𝐴𝑧) → 𝑦 = 𝑧)))
 
Theoremdffun4 4963* Alternate definition of a function. Definition 6.4(4) of [TakeutiZaring] p. 24. (Contributed by NM, 29-Dec-1996.)
(Fun 𝐴 ↔ (Rel 𝐴 ∧ ∀𝑥𝑦𝑧((⟨𝑥, 𝑦⟩ ∈ 𝐴 ∧ ⟨𝑥, 𝑧⟩ ∈ 𝐴) → 𝑦 = 𝑧)))
 
Theoremdffun5r 4964* A way of proving a relation is a function, analogous to mo2r 1995. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 27-May-2020.)
((Rel 𝐴 ∧ ∀𝑥𝑧𝑦(⟨𝑥, 𝑦⟩ ∈ 𝐴𝑦 = 𝑧)) → Fun 𝐴)
 
Theoremdffun6f 4965* Definition of function, using bound-variable hypotheses instead of distinct variable conditions. (Contributed by NM, 9-Mar-1995.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 15-Oct-2016.)
𝑥𝐴    &   𝑦𝐴       (Fun 𝐴 ↔ (Rel 𝐴 ∧ ∀𝑥∃*𝑦 𝑥𝐴𝑦))
 
Theoremdffun6 4966* Alternate definition of a function using "at most one" notation. (Contributed by NM, 9-Mar-1995.)
(Fun 𝐹 ↔ (Rel 𝐹 ∧ ∀𝑥∃*𝑦 𝑥𝐹𝑦))
 
Theoremfunmo 4967* A function has at most one value for each argument. (Contributed by NM, 24-May-1998.)
(Fun 𝐹 → ∃*𝑦 𝐴𝐹𝑦)
 
Theoremdffun4f 4968* Definition of function like dffun4 4963 but using bound-variable hypotheses instead of distinct variable conditions. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 17-Mar-2019.)
𝑥𝐴    &   𝑦𝐴    &   𝑧𝐴       (Fun 𝐴 ↔ (Rel 𝐴 ∧ ∀𝑥𝑦𝑧((⟨𝑥, 𝑦⟩ ∈ 𝐴 ∧ ⟨𝑥, 𝑧⟩ ∈ 𝐴) → 𝑦 = 𝑧)))
 
Theoremfunrel 4969 A function is a relation. (Contributed by NM, 1-Aug-1994.)
(Fun 𝐴 → Rel 𝐴)
 
Theoremfunss 4970 Subclass theorem for function predicate. (Contributed by NM, 16-Aug-1994.) (Proof shortened by Mario Carneiro, 24-Jun-2014.)
(𝐴𝐵 → (Fun 𝐵 → Fun 𝐴))
 
Theoremfuneq 4971 Equality theorem for function predicate. (Contributed by NM, 16-Aug-1994.)
(𝐴 = 𝐵 → (Fun 𝐴 ↔ Fun 𝐵))
 
Theoremfuneqi 4972 Equality inference for the function predicate. (Contributed by Jonathan Ben-Naim, 3-Jun-2011.)
𝐴 = 𝐵       (Fun 𝐴 ↔ Fun 𝐵)
 
Theoremfuneqd 4973 Equality deduction for the function predicate. (Contributed by NM, 23-Feb-2013.)
(𝜑𝐴 = 𝐵)       (𝜑 → (Fun 𝐴 ↔ Fun 𝐵))
 
Theoremnffun 4974 Bound-variable hypothesis builder for a function. (Contributed by NM, 30-Jan-2004.)
𝑥𝐹       𝑥Fun 𝐹
 
Theoremsbcfung 4975 Distribute proper substitution through the function predicate. (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 23-Jul-2017.)
(𝐴𝑉 → ([𝐴 / 𝑥]Fun 𝐹 ↔ Fun 𝐴 / 𝑥𝐹))
 
Theoremfuneu 4976* There is exactly one value of a function. (Contributed by NM, 22-Apr-2004.) (Proof shortened by Andrew Salmon, 17-Sep-2011.)
((Fun 𝐹𝐴𝐹𝐵) → ∃!𝑦 𝐴𝐹𝑦)
 
Theoremfuneu2 4977* There is exactly one value of a function. (Contributed by NM, 3-Aug-1994.)
((Fun 𝐹 ∧ ⟨𝐴, 𝐵⟩ ∈ 𝐹) → ∃!𝑦𝐴, 𝑦⟩ ∈ 𝐹)
 
Theoremdffun7 4978* Alternate definition of a function. One possibility for the definition of a function in [Enderton] p. 42. (Enderton's definition is ambiguous because "there is only one" could mean either "there is at most one" or "there is exactly one." However, dffun8 4979 shows that it doesn't matter which meaning we pick.) (Contributed by NM, 4-Nov-2002.)
(Fun 𝐴 ↔ (Rel 𝐴 ∧ ∀𝑥 ∈ dom 𝐴∃*𝑦 𝑥𝐴𝑦))
 
Theoremdffun8 4979* Alternate definition of a function. One possibility for the definition of a function in [Enderton] p. 42. Compare dffun7 4978. (Contributed by NM, 4-Nov-2002.) (Proof shortened by Andrew Salmon, 17-Sep-2011.)
(Fun 𝐴 ↔ (Rel 𝐴 ∧ ∀𝑥 ∈ dom 𝐴∃!𝑦 𝑥𝐴𝑦))
 
Theoremdffun9 4980* Alternate definition of a function. (Contributed by NM, 28-Mar-2007.) (Revised by NM, 16-Jun-2017.)
(Fun 𝐴 ↔ (Rel 𝐴 ∧ ∀𝑥 ∈ dom 𝐴∃*𝑦 ∈ ran 𝐴 𝑥𝐴𝑦))
 
Theoremfunfn 4981 An equivalence for the function predicate. (Contributed by NM, 13-Aug-2004.)
(Fun 𝐴𝐴 Fn dom 𝐴)
 
Theoremfuni 4982 The identity relation is a function. Part of Theorem 10.4 of [Quine] p. 65. (Contributed by NM, 30-Apr-1998.)
Fun I
 
Theoremnfunv 4983 The universe is not a function. (Contributed by Raph Levien, 27-Jan-2004.)
¬ Fun V
 
Theoremfunopg 4984 A Kuratowski ordered pair is a function only if its components are equal. (Contributed by NM, 5-Jun-2008.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 26-Apr-2015.)
((𝐴𝑉𝐵𝑊 ∧ Fun ⟨𝐴, 𝐵⟩) → 𝐴 = 𝐵)
 
Theoremfunopab 4985* A class of ordered pairs is a function when there is at most one second member for each pair. (Contributed by NM, 16-May-1995.)
(Fun {⟨𝑥, 𝑦⟩ ∣ 𝜑} ↔ ∀𝑥∃*𝑦𝜑)
 
Theoremfunopabeq 4986* A class of ordered pairs of values is a function. (Contributed by NM, 14-Nov-1995.)
Fun {⟨𝑥, 𝑦⟩ ∣ 𝑦 = 𝐴}
 
Theoremfunopab4 4987* A class of ordered pairs of values in the form used by df-mpt 3861 is a function. (Contributed by NM, 17-Feb-2013.)
Fun {⟨𝑥, 𝑦⟩ ∣ (𝜑𝑦 = 𝐴)}
 
Theoremfunmpt 4988 A function in maps-to notation is a function. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 13-Jan-2013.)
Fun (𝑥𝐴𝐵)
 
Theoremfunmpt2 4989 Functionality of a class given by a "maps to" notation. (Contributed by FL, 17-Feb-2008.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 31-May-2014.)
𝐹 = (𝑥𝐴𝐵)       Fun 𝐹
 
Theoremfunco 4990 The composition of two functions is a function. Exercise 29 of [TakeutiZaring] p. 25. (Contributed by NM, 26-Jan-1997.) (Proof shortened by Andrew Salmon, 17-Sep-2011.)
((Fun 𝐹 ∧ Fun 𝐺) → Fun (𝐹𝐺))
 
Theoremfunres 4991 A restriction of a function is a function. Compare Exercise 18 of [TakeutiZaring] p. 25. (Contributed by NM, 16-Aug-1994.)
(Fun 𝐹 → Fun (𝐹𝐴))
 
Theoremfunssres 4992 The restriction of a function to the domain of a subclass equals the subclass. (Contributed by NM, 15-Aug-1994.)
((Fun 𝐹𝐺𝐹) → (𝐹 ↾ dom 𝐺) = 𝐺)
 
Theoremfun2ssres 4993 Equality of restrictions of a function and a subclass. (Contributed by NM, 16-Aug-1994.)
((Fun 𝐹𝐺𝐹𝐴 ⊆ dom 𝐺) → (𝐹𝐴) = (𝐺𝐴))
 
Theoremfunun 4994 The union of functions with disjoint domains is a function. Theorem 4.6 of [Monk1] p. 43. (Contributed by NM, 12-Aug-1994.)
(((Fun 𝐹 ∧ Fun 𝐺) ∧ (dom 𝐹 ∩ dom 𝐺) = ∅) → Fun (𝐹𝐺))
 
Theoremfuncnvsn 4995 The converse singleton of an ordered pair is a function. This is equivalent to funsn 4998 via cnvsn 4853, but stating it this way allows us to skip the sethood assumptions on 𝐴 and 𝐵. (Contributed by NM, 30-Apr-2015.)
Fun {⟨𝐴, 𝐵⟩}
 
Theoremfunsng 4996 A singleton of an ordered pair is a function. Theorem 10.5 of [Quine] p. 65. (Contributed by NM, 28-Jun-2011.)
((𝐴𝑉𝐵𝑊) → Fun {⟨𝐴, 𝐵⟩})
 
Theoremfnsng 4997 Functionality and domain of the singleton of an ordered pair. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 30-Apr-2015.)
((𝐴𝑉𝐵𝑊) → {⟨𝐴, 𝐵⟩} Fn {𝐴})
 
Theoremfunsn 4998 A singleton of an ordered pair is a function. Theorem 10.5 of [Quine] p. 65. (Contributed by NM, 12-Aug-1994.)
𝐴 ∈ V    &   𝐵 ∈ V       Fun {⟨𝐴, 𝐵⟩}
 
Theoremfuninsn 4999 A function based on the singleton of an ordered pair. Unlike funsng 4996, this holds even if 𝐴 or 𝐵 is a proper class. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 17-Apr-2022.)
Fun ({⟨𝐴, 𝐵⟩} ∩ (𝑉 × 𝑊))
 
Theoremfunprg 5000 A set of two pairs is a function if their first members are different. (Contributed by FL, 26-Jun-2011.)
(((𝐴𝑉𝐵𝑊) ∧ (𝐶𝑋𝐷𝑌) ∧ 𝐴𝐵) → Fun {⟨𝐴, 𝐶⟩, ⟨𝐵, 𝐷⟩})
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