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Theorem List for Intuitionistic Logic Explorer - 6701-6800   *Has distinct variable group(s)
TypeLabelDescription
Statement
 
Theoremmulcomnq0 6701 Multiplication of non-negative fractions is commutative. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 27-Nov-2019.)
((𝐴Q0𝐵Q0) → (𝐴 ·Q0 𝐵) = (𝐵 ·Q0 𝐴))
 
Theoremaddassnq0lemcl 6702 A natural number closure law. Lemma for addassnq0 6703. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 3-Dec-2019.)
(((𝐼 ∈ ω ∧ 𝐽N) ∧ (𝐾 ∈ ω ∧ 𝐿N)) → (((𝐼 ·𝑜 𝐿) +𝑜 (𝐽 ·𝑜 𝐾)) ∈ ω ∧ (𝐽 ·𝑜 𝐿) ∈ N))
 
Theoremaddassnq0 6703 Addition of non-negaative fractions is associative. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 29-Nov-2019.)
((𝐴Q0𝐵Q0𝐶Q0) → ((𝐴 +Q0 𝐵) +Q0 𝐶) = (𝐴 +Q0 (𝐵 +Q0 𝐶)))
 
Theoremdistnq0r 6704 Multiplication of non-negative fractions is distributive. Version of distrnq0 6700 with the multiplications commuted. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 29-Nov-2019.)
((𝐴Q0𝐵Q0𝐶Q0) → ((𝐵 +Q0 𝐶) ·Q0 𝐴) = ((𝐵 ·Q0 𝐴) +Q0 (𝐶 ·Q0 𝐴)))
 
Theoremaddpinq1 6705 Addition of one to the numerator of a fraction whose denominator is one. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 26-Apr-2020.)
(𝐴N → [⟨(𝐴 +N 1𝑜), 1𝑜⟩] ~Q = ([⟨𝐴, 1𝑜⟩] ~Q +Q 1Q))
 
Theoremnq02m 6706 Multiply a non-negative fraction by two. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 29-Nov-2019.)
(𝐴Q0 → ([⟨2𝑜, 1𝑜⟩] ~Q0 ·Q0 𝐴) = (𝐴 +Q0 𝐴))
 
Definitiondf-inp 6707* Define the set of positive reals. A "Dedekind cut" is a partition of the positive rational numbers into two classes such that all the numbers of one class are less than all the numbers of the other.

Here we follow the definition of a Dedekind cut from Definition 11.2.1 of [HoTT], p. (varies) with the one exception that we define it over positive rational numbers rather than all rational numbers.

A Dedekind cut is an ordered pair of a lower set 𝑙 and an upper set 𝑢 which is inhabited (𝑞Q𝑞𝑙 ∧ ∃𝑟Q𝑟𝑢), rounded (𝑞Q(𝑞𝑙 ↔ ∃𝑟Q(𝑞 <Q 𝑟𝑟𝑙)) and likewise for 𝑢), disjoint (𝑞Q¬ (𝑞𝑙𝑞𝑢)) and located (𝑞Q𝑟Q(𝑞 <Q 𝑟 → (𝑞𝑙𝑟𝑢))). See HoTT for more discussion of those terms and different ways of defining Dedekind cuts.

(Note: This is a "temporary" definition used in the construction of complex numbers, and is intended to be used only by the construction.) (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 25-Sep-2019.)

P = {⟨𝑙, 𝑢⟩ ∣ (((𝑙Q𝑢Q) ∧ (∃𝑞Q 𝑞𝑙 ∧ ∃𝑟Q 𝑟𝑢)) ∧ ((∀𝑞Q (𝑞𝑙 ↔ ∃𝑟Q (𝑞 <Q 𝑟𝑟𝑙)) ∧ ∀𝑟Q (𝑟𝑢 ↔ ∃𝑞Q (𝑞 <Q 𝑟𝑞𝑢))) ∧ ∀𝑞Q ¬ (𝑞𝑙𝑞𝑢) ∧ ∀𝑞Q𝑟Q (𝑞 <Q 𝑟 → (𝑞𝑙𝑟𝑢))))}
 
Definitiondf-i1p 6708* Define the positive real constant 1. This is a "temporary" set used in the construction of complex numbers and is intended to be used only by the construction. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 25-Sep-2019.)
1P = ⟨{𝑙𝑙 <Q 1Q}, {𝑢 ∣ 1Q <Q 𝑢}⟩
 
Definitiondf-iplp 6709* Define addition on positive reals. From Section 11.2.1 of [HoTT], p. (varies). We write this definition to closely resemble the definition in HoTT although some of the conditions are redundant (for example, 𝑟 ∈ (1st𝑥) implies 𝑟Q) and can be simplified as shown at genpdf 6749.

This is a "temporary" set used in the construction of complex numbers, and is intended to be used only by the construction. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 26-Sep-2019.)

+P = (𝑥P, 𝑦P ↦ ⟨{𝑞Q ∣ ∃𝑟Q𝑠Q (𝑟 ∈ (1st𝑥) ∧ 𝑠 ∈ (1st𝑦) ∧ 𝑞 = (𝑟 +Q 𝑠))}, {𝑞Q ∣ ∃𝑟Q𝑠Q (𝑟 ∈ (2nd𝑥) ∧ 𝑠 ∈ (2nd𝑦) ∧ 𝑞 = (𝑟 +Q 𝑠))}⟩)
 
Definitiondf-imp 6710* Define multiplication on positive reals. Here we use a simple definition which is similar to df-iplp 6709 or the definition of multiplication on positive reals in Metamath Proof Explorer. This is as opposed to the more complicated definition of multiplication given in Section 11.2.1 of [HoTT], p. (varies), which appears to be motivated by handling negative numbers or handling modified Dedekind cuts in which locatedness is omitted.

This is a "temporary" set used in the construction of complex numbers, and is intended to be used only by the construction. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 29-Sep-2019.)

·P = (𝑥P, 𝑦P ↦ ⟨{𝑞Q ∣ ∃𝑟Q𝑠Q (𝑟 ∈ (1st𝑥) ∧ 𝑠 ∈ (1st𝑦) ∧ 𝑞 = (𝑟 ·Q 𝑠))}, {𝑞Q ∣ ∃𝑟Q𝑠Q (𝑟 ∈ (2nd𝑥) ∧ 𝑠 ∈ (2nd𝑦) ∧ 𝑞 = (𝑟 ·Q 𝑠))}⟩)
 
Definitiondf-iltp 6711* Define ordering on positive reals. We define 𝑥<P 𝑦 if there is a positive fraction 𝑞 which is an element of the upper cut of 𝑥 and the lower cut of 𝑦. From the definition of < in Section 11.2.1 of [HoTT], p. (varies).

This is a "temporary" set used in the construction of complex numbers, and is intended to be used only by the construction. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 29-Sep-2019.)

<P = {⟨𝑥, 𝑦⟩ ∣ ((𝑥P𝑦P) ∧ ∃𝑞Q (𝑞 ∈ (2nd𝑥) ∧ 𝑞 ∈ (1st𝑦)))}
 
Theoremnpsspw 6712 Lemma for proving existence of reals. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 27-Sep-2019.)
P ⊆ (𝒫 Q × 𝒫 Q)
 
Theorempreqlu 6713 Two reals are equal if and only if their lower and upper cuts are. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 11-Dec-2019.)
((𝐴P𝐵P) → (𝐴 = 𝐵 ↔ ((1st𝐴) = (1st𝐵) ∧ (2nd𝐴) = (2nd𝐵))))
 
Theoremnpex 6714 The class of positive reals is a set. (Contributed by NM, 31-Oct-1995.)
P ∈ V
 
Theoremelinp 6715* Membership in positive reals. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 27-Sep-2019.)
(⟨𝐿, 𝑈⟩ ∈ P ↔ (((𝐿Q𝑈Q) ∧ (∃𝑞Q 𝑞𝐿 ∧ ∃𝑟Q 𝑟𝑈)) ∧ ((∀𝑞Q (𝑞𝐿 ↔ ∃𝑟Q (𝑞 <Q 𝑟𝑟𝐿)) ∧ ∀𝑟Q (𝑟𝑈 ↔ ∃𝑞Q (𝑞 <Q 𝑟𝑞𝑈))) ∧ ∀𝑞Q ¬ (𝑞𝐿𝑞𝑈) ∧ ∀𝑞Q𝑟Q (𝑞 <Q 𝑟 → (𝑞𝐿𝑟𝑈)))))
 
Theoremprop 6716 A positive real is an ordered pair of a lower cut and an upper cut. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 27-Sep-2019.)
(𝐴P → ⟨(1st𝐴), (2nd𝐴)⟩ ∈ P)
 
Theoremelnp1st2nd 6717* Membership in positive reals, using 1st and 2nd to refer to the lower and upper cut. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 3-Oct-2019.)
(𝐴P ↔ ((𝐴 ∈ (𝒫 Q × 𝒫 Q) ∧ (∃𝑞Q 𝑞 ∈ (1st𝐴) ∧ ∃𝑟Q 𝑟 ∈ (2nd𝐴))) ∧ ((∀𝑞Q (𝑞 ∈ (1st𝐴) ↔ ∃𝑟Q (𝑞 <Q 𝑟𝑟 ∈ (1st𝐴))) ∧ ∀𝑟Q (𝑟 ∈ (2nd𝐴) ↔ ∃𝑞Q (𝑞 <Q 𝑟𝑞 ∈ (2nd𝐴)))) ∧ ∀𝑞Q ¬ (𝑞 ∈ (1st𝐴) ∧ 𝑞 ∈ (2nd𝐴)) ∧ ∀𝑞Q𝑟Q (𝑞 <Q 𝑟 → (𝑞 ∈ (1st𝐴) ∨ 𝑟 ∈ (2nd𝐴))))))
 
Theoremprml 6718* A positive real's lower cut is inhabited. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 27-Sep-2019.)
(⟨𝐿, 𝑈⟩ ∈ P → ∃𝑥Q 𝑥𝐿)
 
Theoremprmu 6719* A positive real's upper cut is inhabited. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 27-Sep-2019.)
(⟨𝐿, 𝑈⟩ ∈ P → ∃𝑥Q 𝑥𝑈)
 
Theoremprssnql 6720 The lower cut of a positive real is a subset of the positive fractions. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 28-Sep-2019.)
(⟨𝐿, 𝑈⟩ ∈ P𝐿Q)
 
Theoremprssnqu 6721 The upper cut of a positive real is a subset of the positive fractions. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 28-Sep-2019.)
(⟨𝐿, 𝑈⟩ ∈ P𝑈Q)
 
Theoremelprnql 6722 An element of a positive real's lower cut is a positive fraction. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 28-Sep-2019.)
((⟨𝐿, 𝑈⟩ ∈ P𝐵𝐿) → 𝐵Q)
 
Theoremelprnqu 6723 An element of a positive real's upper cut is a positive fraction. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 28-Sep-2019.)
((⟨𝐿, 𝑈⟩ ∈ P𝐵𝑈) → 𝐵Q)
 
Theorem0npr 6724 The empty set is not a positive real. (Contributed by NM, 15-Nov-1995.)
¬ ∅ ∈ P
 
Theoremprcdnql 6725 A lower cut is closed downwards under the positive fractions. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 28-Sep-2019.)
((⟨𝐿, 𝑈⟩ ∈ P𝐵𝐿) → (𝐶 <Q 𝐵𝐶𝐿))
 
Theoremprcunqu 6726 An upper cut is closed upwards under the positive fractions. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 25-Nov-2019.)
((⟨𝐿, 𝑈⟩ ∈ P𝐶𝑈) → (𝐶 <Q 𝐵𝐵𝑈))
 
Theoremprubl 6727 A positive fraction not in a lower cut is an upper bound. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 29-Sep-2019.)
(((⟨𝐿, 𝑈⟩ ∈ P𝐵𝐿) ∧ 𝐶Q) → (¬ 𝐶𝐿𝐵 <Q 𝐶))
 
Theoremprltlu 6728 An element of a lower cut is less than an element of the corresponding upper cut. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 15-Oct-2019.)
((⟨𝐿, 𝑈⟩ ∈ P𝐵𝐿𝐶𝑈) → 𝐵 <Q 𝐶)
 
Theoremprnmaxl 6729* A lower cut has no largest member. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 29-Sep-2019.)
((⟨𝐿, 𝑈⟩ ∈ P𝐵𝐿) → ∃𝑥𝐿 𝐵 <Q 𝑥)
 
Theoremprnminu 6730* An upper cut has no smallest member. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 7-Nov-2019.)
((⟨𝐿, 𝑈⟩ ∈ P𝐵𝑈) → ∃𝑥𝑈 𝑥 <Q 𝐵)
 
Theoremprnmaddl 6731* A lower cut has no largest member. Addition version. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 29-Sep-2019.)
((⟨𝐿, 𝑈⟩ ∈ P𝐵𝐿) → ∃𝑥Q (𝐵 +Q 𝑥) ∈ 𝐿)
 
Theoremprloc 6732 A Dedekind cut is located. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 23-Oct-2019.)
((⟨𝐿, 𝑈⟩ ∈ P𝐴 <Q 𝐵) → (𝐴𝐿𝐵𝑈))
 
Theoremprdisj 6733 A Dedekind cut is disjoint. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 15-Dec-2019.)
((⟨𝐿, 𝑈⟩ ∈ P𝐴Q) → ¬ (𝐴𝐿𝐴𝑈))
 
Theoremprarloclemlt 6734 Two possible ways of contracting an interval which straddles a Dedekind cut. Lemma for prarloc 6744. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 10-Nov-2019.)
(((𝑋 ∈ ω ∧ (⟨𝐿, 𝑈⟩ ∈ P𝐴𝐿𝑃Q)) ∧ 𝑦 ∈ ω) → (𝐴 +Q ([⟨(𝑦 +𝑜 1𝑜), 1𝑜⟩] ~Q ·Q 𝑃)) <Q (𝐴 +Q ([⟨((𝑦 +𝑜 2𝑜) +𝑜 𝑋), 1𝑜⟩] ~Q ·Q 𝑃)))
 
Theoremprarloclemlo 6735* Contracting the lower side of an interval which straddles a Dedekind cut. Lemma for prarloc 6744. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 10-Nov-2019.)
(((𝑋 ∈ ω ∧ (⟨𝐿, 𝑈⟩ ∈ P𝐴𝐿𝑃Q)) ∧ 𝑦 ∈ ω) → ((𝐴 +Q ([⟨(𝑦 +𝑜 1𝑜), 1𝑜⟩] ~Q ·Q 𝑃)) ∈ 𝐿 → (((𝐴 +Q0 ([⟨𝑦, 1𝑜⟩] ~Q0 ·Q0 𝑃)) ∈ 𝐿 ∧ (𝐴 +Q ([⟨((𝑦 +𝑜 2𝑜) +𝑜 suc 𝑋), 1𝑜⟩] ~Q ·Q 𝑃)) ∈ 𝑈) → ∃𝑦 ∈ ω ((𝐴 +Q0 ([⟨𝑦, 1𝑜⟩] ~Q0 ·Q0 𝑃)) ∈ 𝐿 ∧ (𝐴 +Q ([⟨((𝑦 +𝑜 2𝑜) +𝑜 𝑋), 1𝑜⟩] ~Q ·Q 𝑃)) ∈ 𝑈))))
 
Theoremprarloclemup 6736 Contracting the upper side of an interval which straddles a Dedekind cut. Lemma for prarloc 6744. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 10-Nov-2019.)
(((𝑋 ∈ ω ∧ (⟨𝐿, 𝑈⟩ ∈ P𝐴𝐿𝑃Q)) ∧ 𝑦 ∈ ω) → ((𝐴 +Q ([⟨((𝑦 +𝑜 2𝑜) +𝑜 𝑋), 1𝑜⟩] ~Q ·Q 𝑃)) ∈ 𝑈 → (((𝐴 +Q0 ([⟨𝑦, 1𝑜⟩] ~Q0 ·Q0 𝑃)) ∈ 𝐿 ∧ (𝐴 +Q ([⟨((𝑦 +𝑜 2𝑜) +𝑜 suc 𝑋), 1𝑜⟩] ~Q ·Q 𝑃)) ∈ 𝑈) → ∃𝑦 ∈ ω ((𝐴 +Q0 ([⟨𝑦, 1𝑜⟩] ~Q0 ·Q0 𝑃)) ∈ 𝐿 ∧ (𝐴 +Q ([⟨((𝑦 +𝑜 2𝑜) +𝑜 𝑋), 1𝑜⟩] ~Q ·Q 𝑃)) ∈ 𝑈))))
 
Theoremprarloclem3step 6737* Induction step for prarloclem3 6738. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 9-Nov-2019.)
(((𝑋 ∈ ω ∧ (⟨𝐿, 𝑈⟩ ∈ P𝐴𝐿𝑃Q)) ∧ ∃𝑦 ∈ ω ((𝐴 +Q0 ([⟨𝑦, 1𝑜⟩] ~Q0 ·Q0 𝑃)) ∈ 𝐿 ∧ (𝐴 +Q ([⟨((𝑦 +𝑜 2𝑜) +𝑜 suc 𝑋), 1𝑜⟩] ~Q ·Q 𝑃)) ∈ 𝑈)) → ∃𝑦 ∈ ω ((𝐴 +Q0 ([⟨𝑦, 1𝑜⟩] ~Q0 ·Q0 𝑃)) ∈ 𝐿 ∧ (𝐴 +Q ([⟨((𝑦 +𝑜 2𝑜) +𝑜 𝑋), 1𝑜⟩] ~Q ·Q 𝑃)) ∈ 𝑈))
 
Theoremprarloclem3 6738* Contracting an interval which straddles a Dedekind cut. Lemma for prarloc 6744. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 27-Oct-2019.)
(((⟨𝐿, 𝑈⟩ ∈ P𝐴𝐿) ∧ (𝑋 ∈ ω ∧ 𝑃Q) ∧ ∃𝑦 ∈ ω ((𝐴 +Q0 ([⟨𝑦, 1𝑜⟩] ~Q0 ·Q0 𝑃)) ∈ 𝐿 ∧ (𝐴 +Q ([⟨((𝑦 +𝑜 2𝑜) +𝑜 𝑋), 1𝑜⟩] ~Q ·Q 𝑃)) ∈ 𝑈)) → ∃𝑗 ∈ ω ((𝐴 +Q0 ([⟨𝑗, 1𝑜⟩] ~Q0 ·Q0 𝑃)) ∈ 𝐿 ∧ (𝐴 +Q ([⟨(𝑗 +𝑜 2𝑜), 1𝑜⟩] ~Q ·Q 𝑃)) ∈ 𝑈))
 
Theoremprarloclem4 6739* A slight rearrangement of prarloclem3 6738. Lemma for prarloc 6744. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 4-Nov-2019.)
(((⟨𝐿, 𝑈⟩ ∈ P𝐴𝐿) ∧ 𝑃Q) → (∃𝑥 ∈ ω ∃𝑦 ∈ ω ((𝐴 +Q0 ([⟨𝑦, 1𝑜⟩] ~Q0 ·Q0 𝑃)) ∈ 𝐿 ∧ (𝐴 +Q ([⟨((𝑦 +𝑜 2𝑜) +𝑜 𝑥), 1𝑜⟩] ~Q ·Q 𝑃)) ∈ 𝑈) → ∃𝑗 ∈ ω ((𝐴 +Q0 ([⟨𝑗, 1𝑜⟩] ~Q0 ·Q0 𝑃)) ∈ 𝐿 ∧ (𝐴 +Q ([⟨(𝑗 +𝑜 2𝑜), 1𝑜⟩] ~Q ·Q 𝑃)) ∈ 𝑈)))
 
Theoremprarloclemn 6740* Subtracting two from a positive integer. Lemma for prarloc 6744. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 5-Nov-2019.)
((𝑁N ∧ 1𝑜 <N 𝑁) → ∃𝑥 ∈ ω (2𝑜 +𝑜 𝑥) = 𝑁)
 
Theoremprarloclem5 6741* A substitution of zero for 𝑦 and 𝑁 minus two for 𝑥. Lemma for prarloc 6744. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 4-Nov-2019.)
(((⟨𝐿, 𝑈⟩ ∈ P𝐴𝐿) ∧ (𝑁N𝑃Q ∧ 1𝑜 <N 𝑁) ∧ (𝐴 +Q ([⟨𝑁, 1𝑜⟩] ~Q ·Q 𝑃)) ∈ 𝑈) → ∃𝑥 ∈ ω ∃𝑦 ∈ ω ((𝐴 +Q0 ([⟨𝑦, 1𝑜⟩] ~Q0 ·Q0 𝑃)) ∈ 𝐿 ∧ (𝐴 +Q ([⟨((𝑦 +𝑜 2𝑜) +𝑜 𝑥), 1𝑜⟩] ~Q ·Q 𝑃)) ∈ 𝑈))
 
Theoremprarloclem 6742* A special case of Lemma 6.16 from [BauerTaylor], p. 32. Given evenly spaced rational numbers from 𝐴 to 𝐴 +Q (𝑁 ·Q 𝑃) (which are in the lower and upper cuts, respectively, of a real number), there are a pair of numbers, two positions apart in the even spacing, which straddle the cut. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 22-Oct-2019.)
(((⟨𝐿, 𝑈⟩ ∈ P𝐴𝐿) ∧ (𝑁N𝑃Q ∧ 1𝑜 <N 𝑁) ∧ (𝐴 +Q ([⟨𝑁, 1𝑜⟩] ~Q ·Q 𝑃)) ∈ 𝑈) → ∃𝑗 ∈ ω ((𝐴 +Q0 ([⟨𝑗, 1𝑜⟩] ~Q0 ·Q0 𝑃)) ∈ 𝐿 ∧ (𝐴 +Q ([⟨(𝑗 +𝑜 2𝑜), 1𝑜⟩] ~Q ·Q 𝑃)) ∈ 𝑈))
 
Theoremprarloclemcalc 6743 Some calculations for prarloc 6744. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 26-Oct-2019.)
(((𝐴 = (𝑋 +Q0 ([⟨𝑀, 1𝑜⟩] ~Q0 ·Q0 𝑄)) ∧ 𝐵 = (𝑋 +Q ([⟨(𝑀 +𝑜 2𝑜), 1𝑜⟩] ~Q ·Q 𝑄))) ∧ ((𝑄Q ∧ (𝑄 +Q 𝑄) <Q 𝑃) ∧ (𝑋Q𝑀 ∈ ω))) → 𝐵 <Q (𝐴 +Q 𝑃))
 
Theoremprarloc 6744* A Dedekind cut is arithmetically located. Part of Proposition 11.15 of [BauerTaylor], p. 52, slightly modified. It states that given a tolerance 𝑃, there are elements of the lower and upper cut which are within that tolerance of each other.

Usually, proofs will be shorter if they use prarloc2 6745 instead. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 22-Oct-2019.)

((⟨𝐿, 𝑈⟩ ∈ P𝑃Q) → ∃𝑎𝐿𝑏𝑈 𝑏 <Q (𝑎 +Q 𝑃))
 
Theoremprarloc2 6745* A Dedekind cut is arithmetically located. This is a variation of prarloc 6744 which only constructs one (named) point and is therefore often easier to work with. It states that given a tolerance 𝑃, there are elements of the lower and upper cut which are exactly that tolerance from each other. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 26-Dec-2019.)
((⟨𝐿, 𝑈⟩ ∈ P𝑃Q) → ∃𝑎𝐿 (𝑎 +Q 𝑃) ∈ 𝑈)
 
Theoremltrelpr 6746 Positive real 'less than' is a relation on positive reals. (Contributed by NM, 14-Feb-1996.)
<P ⊆ (P × P)
 
Theoremltdfpr 6747* More convenient form of df-iltp 6711. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 15-Dec-2019.)
((𝐴P𝐵P) → (𝐴<P 𝐵 ↔ ∃𝑞Q (𝑞 ∈ (2nd𝐴) ∧ 𝑞 ∈ (1st𝐵))))
 
Theoremgenpdflem 6748* Simplification of upper or lower cut expression. Lemma for genpdf 6749. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 30-Sep-2019.)
((𝜑𝑟𝐴) → 𝑟Q)    &   ((𝜑𝑠𝐵) → 𝑠Q)       (𝜑 → {𝑞Q ∣ ∃𝑟Q𝑠Q (𝑟𝐴𝑠𝐵𝑞 = (𝑟𝐺𝑠))} = {𝑞Q ∣ ∃𝑟𝐴𝑠𝐵 𝑞 = (𝑟𝐺𝑠)})
 
Theoremgenpdf 6749* Simplified definition of addition or multiplication on positive reals. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 30-Sep-2019.)
𝐹 = (𝑤P, 𝑣P ↦ ⟨{𝑞Q ∣ ∃𝑟Q𝑠Q (𝑟 ∈ (1st𝑤) ∧ 𝑠 ∈ (1st𝑣) ∧ 𝑞 = (𝑟𝐺𝑠))}, {𝑞Q ∣ ∃𝑟Q𝑠Q (𝑟 ∈ (2nd𝑤) ∧ 𝑠 ∈ (2nd𝑣) ∧ 𝑞 = (𝑟𝐺𝑠))}⟩)       𝐹 = (𝑤P, 𝑣P ↦ ⟨{𝑞Q ∣ ∃𝑟 ∈ (1st𝑤)∃𝑠 ∈ (1st𝑣)𝑞 = (𝑟𝐺𝑠)}, {𝑞Q ∣ ∃𝑟 ∈ (2nd𝑤)∃𝑠 ∈ (2nd𝑣)𝑞 = (𝑟𝐺𝑠)}⟩)
 
Theoremgenipv 6750* Value of general operation (addition or multiplication) on positive reals. (Contributed by Jim Kingon, 3-Oct-2019.)
𝐹 = (𝑤P, 𝑣P ↦ ⟨{𝑥Q ∣ ∃𝑦Q𝑧Q (𝑦 ∈ (1st𝑤) ∧ 𝑧 ∈ (1st𝑣) ∧ 𝑥 = (𝑦𝐺𝑧))}, {𝑥Q ∣ ∃𝑦Q𝑧Q (𝑦 ∈ (2nd𝑤) ∧ 𝑧 ∈ (2nd𝑣) ∧ 𝑥 = (𝑦𝐺𝑧))}⟩)    &   ((𝑦Q𝑧Q) → (𝑦𝐺𝑧) ∈ Q)       ((𝐴P𝐵P) → (𝐴𝐹𝐵) = ⟨{𝑞Q ∣ ∃𝑟 ∈ (1st𝐴)∃𝑠 ∈ (1st𝐵)𝑞 = (𝑟𝐺𝑠)}, {𝑞Q ∣ ∃𝑟 ∈ (2nd𝐴)∃𝑠 ∈ (2nd𝐵)𝑞 = (𝑟𝐺𝑠)}⟩)
 
Theoremgenplt2i 6751* Operating on both sides of two inequalities, when the operation is consistent with <Q. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 6-Oct-2019.)
((𝑥Q𝑦Q𝑧Q) → (𝑥 <Q 𝑦 ↔ (𝑧𝐺𝑥) <Q (𝑧𝐺𝑦)))    &   ((𝑥Q𝑦Q) → (𝑥𝐺𝑦) = (𝑦𝐺𝑥))       ((𝐴 <Q 𝐵𝐶 <Q 𝐷) → (𝐴𝐺𝐶) <Q (𝐵𝐺𝐷))
 
Theoremgenpelxp 6752* Set containing the result of adding or multiplying positive reals. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 5-Dec-2019.)
𝐹 = (𝑤P, 𝑣P ↦ ⟨{𝑥Q ∣ ∃𝑦Q𝑧Q (𝑦 ∈ (1st𝑤) ∧ 𝑧 ∈ (1st𝑣) ∧ 𝑥 = (𝑦𝐺𝑧))}, {𝑥Q ∣ ∃𝑦Q𝑧Q (𝑦 ∈ (2nd𝑤) ∧ 𝑧 ∈ (2nd𝑣) ∧ 𝑥 = (𝑦𝐺𝑧))}⟩)       ((𝐴P𝐵P) → (𝐴𝐹𝐵) ∈ (𝒫 Q × 𝒫 Q))
 
Theoremgenpelvl 6753* Membership in lower cut of general operation (addition or multiplication) on positive reals. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 2-Oct-2019.)
𝐹 = (𝑤P, 𝑣P ↦ ⟨{𝑥Q ∣ ∃𝑦Q𝑧Q (𝑦 ∈ (1st𝑤) ∧ 𝑧 ∈ (1st𝑣) ∧ 𝑥 = (𝑦𝐺𝑧))}, {𝑥Q ∣ ∃𝑦Q𝑧Q (𝑦 ∈ (2nd𝑤) ∧ 𝑧 ∈ (2nd𝑣) ∧ 𝑥 = (𝑦𝐺𝑧))}⟩)    &   ((𝑦Q𝑧Q) → (𝑦𝐺𝑧) ∈ Q)       ((𝐴P𝐵P) → (𝐶 ∈ (1st ‘(𝐴𝐹𝐵)) ↔ ∃𝑔 ∈ (1st𝐴)∃ ∈ (1st𝐵)𝐶 = (𝑔𝐺)))
 
Theoremgenpelvu 6754* Membership in upper cut of general operation (addition or multiplication) on positive reals. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 15-Oct-2019.)
𝐹 = (𝑤P, 𝑣P ↦ ⟨{𝑥Q ∣ ∃𝑦Q𝑧Q (𝑦 ∈ (1st𝑤) ∧ 𝑧 ∈ (1st𝑣) ∧ 𝑥 = (𝑦𝐺𝑧))}, {𝑥Q ∣ ∃𝑦Q𝑧Q (𝑦 ∈ (2nd𝑤) ∧ 𝑧 ∈ (2nd𝑣) ∧ 𝑥 = (𝑦𝐺𝑧))}⟩)    &   ((𝑦Q𝑧Q) → (𝑦𝐺𝑧) ∈ Q)       ((𝐴P𝐵P) → (𝐶 ∈ (2nd ‘(𝐴𝐹𝐵)) ↔ ∃𝑔 ∈ (2nd𝐴)∃ ∈ (2nd𝐵)𝐶 = (𝑔𝐺)))
 
Theoremgenpprecll 6755* Pre-closure law for general operation on lower cuts. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 2-Oct-2019.)
𝐹 = (𝑤P, 𝑣P ↦ ⟨{𝑥Q ∣ ∃𝑦Q𝑧Q (𝑦 ∈ (1st𝑤) ∧ 𝑧 ∈ (1st𝑣) ∧ 𝑥 = (𝑦𝐺𝑧))}, {𝑥Q ∣ ∃𝑦Q𝑧Q (𝑦 ∈ (2nd𝑤) ∧ 𝑧 ∈ (2nd𝑣) ∧ 𝑥 = (𝑦𝐺𝑧))}⟩)    &   ((𝑦Q𝑧Q) → (𝑦𝐺𝑧) ∈ Q)       ((𝐴P𝐵P) → ((𝐶 ∈ (1st𝐴) ∧ 𝐷 ∈ (1st𝐵)) → (𝐶𝐺𝐷) ∈ (1st ‘(𝐴𝐹𝐵))))
 
Theoremgenppreclu 6756* Pre-closure law for general operation on upper cuts. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 7-Nov-2019.)
𝐹 = (𝑤P, 𝑣P ↦ ⟨{𝑥Q ∣ ∃𝑦Q𝑧Q (𝑦 ∈ (1st𝑤) ∧ 𝑧 ∈ (1st𝑣) ∧ 𝑥 = (𝑦𝐺𝑧))}, {𝑥Q ∣ ∃𝑦Q𝑧Q (𝑦 ∈ (2nd𝑤) ∧ 𝑧 ∈ (2nd𝑣) ∧ 𝑥 = (𝑦𝐺𝑧))}⟩)    &   ((𝑦Q𝑧Q) → (𝑦𝐺𝑧) ∈ Q)       ((𝐴P𝐵P) → ((𝐶 ∈ (2nd𝐴) ∧ 𝐷 ∈ (2nd𝐵)) → (𝐶𝐺𝐷) ∈ (2nd ‘(𝐴𝐹𝐵))))
 
Theoremgenipdm 6757* Domain of general operation on positive reals. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 2-Oct-2019.)
𝐹 = (𝑤P, 𝑣P ↦ ⟨{𝑥Q ∣ ∃𝑦Q𝑧Q (𝑦 ∈ (1st𝑤) ∧ 𝑧 ∈ (1st𝑣) ∧ 𝑥 = (𝑦𝐺𝑧))}, {𝑥Q ∣ ∃𝑦Q𝑧Q (𝑦 ∈ (2nd𝑤) ∧ 𝑧 ∈ (2nd𝑣) ∧ 𝑥 = (𝑦𝐺𝑧))}⟩)    &   ((𝑦Q𝑧Q) → (𝑦𝐺𝑧) ∈ Q)       dom 𝐹 = (P × P)
 
Theoremgenpml 6758* The lower cut produced by addition or multiplication on positive reals is inhabited. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 5-Oct-2019.)
𝐹 = (𝑤P, 𝑣P ↦ ⟨{𝑥Q ∣ ∃𝑦Q𝑧Q (𝑦 ∈ (1st𝑤) ∧ 𝑧 ∈ (1st𝑣) ∧ 𝑥 = (𝑦𝐺𝑧))}, {𝑥Q ∣ ∃𝑦Q𝑧Q (𝑦 ∈ (2nd𝑤) ∧ 𝑧 ∈ (2nd𝑣) ∧ 𝑥 = (𝑦𝐺𝑧))}⟩)    &   ((𝑦Q𝑧Q) → (𝑦𝐺𝑧) ∈ Q)       ((𝐴P𝐵P) → ∃𝑞Q 𝑞 ∈ (1st ‘(𝐴𝐹𝐵)))
 
Theoremgenpmu 6759* The upper cut produced by addition or multiplication on positive reals is inhabited. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 5-Dec-2019.)
𝐹 = (𝑤P, 𝑣P ↦ ⟨{𝑥Q ∣ ∃𝑦Q𝑧Q (𝑦 ∈ (1st𝑤) ∧ 𝑧 ∈ (1st𝑣) ∧ 𝑥 = (𝑦𝐺𝑧))}, {𝑥Q ∣ ∃𝑦Q𝑧Q (𝑦 ∈ (2nd𝑤) ∧ 𝑧 ∈ (2nd𝑣) ∧ 𝑥 = (𝑦𝐺𝑧))}⟩)    &   ((𝑦Q𝑧Q) → (𝑦𝐺𝑧) ∈ Q)       ((𝐴P𝐵P) → ∃𝑞Q 𝑞 ∈ (2nd ‘(𝐴𝐹𝐵)))
 
Theoremgenpcdl 6760* Downward closure of an operation on positive reals. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 14-Oct-2019.)
𝐹 = (𝑤P, 𝑣P ↦ ⟨{𝑥Q ∣ ∃𝑦Q𝑧Q (𝑦 ∈ (1st𝑤) ∧ 𝑧 ∈ (1st𝑣) ∧ 𝑥 = (𝑦𝐺𝑧))}, {𝑥Q ∣ ∃𝑦Q𝑧Q (𝑦 ∈ (2nd𝑤) ∧ 𝑧 ∈ (2nd𝑣) ∧ 𝑥 = (𝑦𝐺𝑧))}⟩)    &   ((𝑦Q𝑧Q) → (𝑦𝐺𝑧) ∈ Q)    &   ((((𝐴P𝑔 ∈ (1st𝐴)) ∧ (𝐵P ∈ (1st𝐵))) ∧ 𝑥Q) → (𝑥 <Q (𝑔𝐺) → 𝑥 ∈ (1st ‘(𝐴𝐹𝐵))))       ((𝐴P𝐵P) → (𝑓 ∈ (1st ‘(𝐴𝐹𝐵)) → (𝑥 <Q 𝑓𝑥 ∈ (1st ‘(𝐴𝐹𝐵)))))
 
Theoremgenpcuu 6761* Upward closure of an operation on positive reals. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 8-Nov-2019.)
𝐹 = (𝑤P, 𝑣P ↦ ⟨{𝑥Q ∣ ∃𝑦Q𝑧Q (𝑦 ∈ (1st𝑤) ∧ 𝑧 ∈ (1st𝑣) ∧ 𝑥 = (𝑦𝐺𝑧))}, {𝑥Q ∣ ∃𝑦Q𝑧Q (𝑦 ∈ (2nd𝑤) ∧ 𝑧 ∈ (2nd𝑣) ∧ 𝑥 = (𝑦𝐺𝑧))}⟩)    &   ((𝑦Q𝑧Q) → (𝑦𝐺𝑧) ∈ Q)    &   ((((𝐴P𝑔 ∈ (2nd𝐴)) ∧ (𝐵P ∈ (2nd𝐵))) ∧ 𝑥Q) → ((𝑔𝐺) <Q 𝑥𝑥 ∈ (2nd ‘(𝐴𝐹𝐵))))       ((𝐴P𝐵P) → (𝑓 ∈ (2nd ‘(𝐴𝐹𝐵)) → (𝑓 <Q 𝑥𝑥 ∈ (2nd ‘(𝐴𝐹𝐵)))))
 
Theoremgenprndl 6762* The lower cut produced by addition or multiplication on positive reals is rounded. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 7-Oct-2019.)
𝐹 = (𝑤P, 𝑣P ↦ ⟨{𝑥Q ∣ ∃𝑦Q𝑧Q (𝑦 ∈ (1st𝑤) ∧ 𝑧 ∈ (1st𝑣) ∧ 𝑥 = (𝑦𝐺𝑧))}, {𝑥Q ∣ ∃𝑦Q𝑧Q (𝑦 ∈ (2nd𝑤) ∧ 𝑧 ∈ (2nd𝑣) ∧ 𝑥 = (𝑦𝐺𝑧))}⟩)    &   ((𝑦Q𝑧Q) → (𝑦𝐺𝑧) ∈ Q)    &   ((𝑥Q𝑦Q𝑧Q) → (𝑥 <Q 𝑦 ↔ (𝑧𝐺𝑥) <Q (𝑧𝐺𝑦)))    &   ((𝑥Q𝑦Q) → (𝑥𝐺𝑦) = (𝑦𝐺𝑥))    &   ((((𝐴P𝑔 ∈ (1st𝐴)) ∧ (𝐵P ∈ (1st𝐵))) ∧ 𝑥Q) → (𝑥 <Q (𝑔𝐺) → 𝑥 ∈ (1st ‘(𝐴𝐹𝐵))))       ((𝐴P𝐵P) → ∀𝑞Q (𝑞 ∈ (1st ‘(𝐴𝐹𝐵)) ↔ ∃𝑟Q (𝑞 <Q 𝑟𝑟 ∈ (1st ‘(𝐴𝐹𝐵)))))
 
Theoremgenprndu 6763* The upper cut produced by addition or multiplication on positive reals is rounded. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 7-Oct-2019.)
𝐹 = (𝑤P, 𝑣P ↦ ⟨{𝑥Q ∣ ∃𝑦Q𝑧Q (𝑦 ∈ (1st𝑤) ∧ 𝑧 ∈ (1st𝑣) ∧ 𝑥 = (𝑦𝐺𝑧))}, {𝑥Q ∣ ∃𝑦Q𝑧Q (𝑦 ∈ (2nd𝑤) ∧ 𝑧 ∈ (2nd𝑣) ∧ 𝑥 = (𝑦𝐺𝑧))}⟩)    &   ((𝑦Q𝑧Q) → (𝑦𝐺𝑧) ∈ Q)    &   ((𝑥Q𝑦Q𝑧Q) → (𝑥 <Q 𝑦 ↔ (𝑧𝐺𝑥) <Q (𝑧𝐺𝑦)))    &   ((𝑥Q𝑦Q) → (𝑥𝐺𝑦) = (𝑦𝐺𝑥))    &   ((((𝐴P𝑔 ∈ (2nd𝐴)) ∧ (𝐵P ∈ (2nd𝐵))) ∧ 𝑥Q) → ((𝑔𝐺) <Q 𝑥𝑥 ∈ (2nd ‘(𝐴𝐹𝐵))))       ((𝐴P𝐵P) → ∀𝑟Q (𝑟 ∈ (2nd ‘(𝐴𝐹𝐵)) ↔ ∃𝑞Q (𝑞 <Q 𝑟𝑞 ∈ (2nd ‘(𝐴𝐹𝐵)))))
 
Theoremgenpdisj 6764* The lower and upper cuts produced by addition or multiplication on positive reals are disjoint. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 15-Oct-2019.)
𝐹 = (𝑤P, 𝑣P ↦ ⟨{𝑥Q ∣ ∃𝑦Q𝑧Q (𝑦 ∈ (1st𝑤) ∧ 𝑧 ∈ (1st𝑣) ∧ 𝑥 = (𝑦𝐺𝑧))}, {𝑥Q ∣ ∃𝑦Q𝑧Q (𝑦 ∈ (2nd𝑤) ∧ 𝑧 ∈ (2nd𝑣) ∧ 𝑥 = (𝑦𝐺𝑧))}⟩)    &   ((𝑦Q𝑧Q) → (𝑦𝐺𝑧) ∈ Q)    &   ((𝑥Q𝑦Q𝑧Q) → (𝑥 <Q 𝑦 ↔ (𝑧𝐺𝑥) <Q (𝑧𝐺𝑦)))    &   ((𝑥Q𝑦Q) → (𝑥𝐺𝑦) = (𝑦𝐺𝑥))       ((𝐴P𝐵P) → ∀𝑞Q ¬ (𝑞 ∈ (1st ‘(𝐴𝐹𝐵)) ∧ 𝑞 ∈ (2nd ‘(𝐴𝐹𝐵))))
 
Theoremgenpassl 6765* Associativity of lower cuts. Lemma for genpassg 6767. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 11-Dec-2019.)
𝐹 = (𝑤P, 𝑣P ↦ ⟨{𝑥Q ∣ ∃𝑦Q𝑧Q (𝑦 ∈ (1st𝑤) ∧ 𝑧 ∈ (1st𝑣) ∧ 𝑥 = (𝑦𝐺𝑧))}, {𝑥Q ∣ ∃𝑦Q𝑧Q (𝑦 ∈ (2nd𝑤) ∧ 𝑧 ∈ (2nd𝑣) ∧ 𝑥 = (𝑦𝐺𝑧))}⟩)    &   ((𝑦Q𝑧Q) → (𝑦𝐺𝑧) ∈ Q)    &   dom 𝐹 = (P × P)    &   ((𝑓P𝑔P) → (𝑓𝐹𝑔) ∈ P)    &   ((𝑓Q𝑔QQ) → ((𝑓𝐺𝑔)𝐺) = (𝑓𝐺(𝑔𝐺)))       ((𝐴P𝐵P𝐶P) → (1st ‘((𝐴𝐹𝐵)𝐹𝐶)) = (1st ‘(𝐴𝐹(𝐵𝐹𝐶))))
 
Theoremgenpassu 6766* Associativity of upper cuts. Lemma for genpassg 6767. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 11-Dec-2019.)
𝐹 = (𝑤P, 𝑣P ↦ ⟨{𝑥Q ∣ ∃𝑦Q𝑧Q (𝑦 ∈ (1st𝑤) ∧ 𝑧 ∈ (1st𝑣) ∧ 𝑥 = (𝑦𝐺𝑧))}, {𝑥Q ∣ ∃𝑦Q𝑧Q (𝑦 ∈ (2nd𝑤) ∧ 𝑧 ∈ (2nd𝑣) ∧ 𝑥 = (𝑦𝐺𝑧))}⟩)    &   ((𝑦Q𝑧Q) → (𝑦𝐺𝑧) ∈ Q)    &   dom 𝐹 = (P × P)    &   ((𝑓P𝑔P) → (𝑓𝐹𝑔) ∈ P)    &   ((𝑓Q𝑔QQ) → ((𝑓𝐺𝑔)𝐺) = (𝑓𝐺(𝑔𝐺)))       ((𝐴P𝐵P𝐶P) → (2nd ‘((𝐴𝐹𝐵)𝐹𝐶)) = (2nd ‘(𝐴𝐹(𝐵𝐹𝐶))))
 
Theoremgenpassg 6767* Associativity of an operation on reals. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 11-Dec-2019.)
𝐹 = (𝑤P, 𝑣P ↦ ⟨{𝑥Q ∣ ∃𝑦Q𝑧Q (𝑦 ∈ (1st𝑤) ∧ 𝑧 ∈ (1st𝑣) ∧ 𝑥 = (𝑦𝐺𝑧))}, {𝑥Q ∣ ∃𝑦Q𝑧Q (𝑦 ∈ (2nd𝑤) ∧ 𝑧 ∈ (2nd𝑣) ∧ 𝑥 = (𝑦𝐺𝑧))}⟩)    &   ((𝑦Q𝑧Q) → (𝑦𝐺𝑧) ∈ Q)    &   dom 𝐹 = (P × P)    &   ((𝑓P𝑔P) → (𝑓𝐹𝑔) ∈ P)    &   ((𝑓Q𝑔QQ) → ((𝑓𝐺𝑔)𝐺) = (𝑓𝐺(𝑔𝐺)))       ((𝐴P𝐵P𝐶P) → ((𝐴𝐹𝐵)𝐹𝐶) = (𝐴𝐹(𝐵𝐹𝐶)))
 
Theoremaddnqprllem 6768 Lemma to prove downward closure in positive real addition. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 7-Dec-2019.)
(((⟨𝐿, 𝑈⟩ ∈ P𝐺𝐿) ∧ 𝑋Q) → (𝑋 <Q 𝑆 → ((𝑋 ·Q (*Q𝑆)) ·Q 𝐺) ∈ 𝐿))
 
Theoremaddnqprulem 6769 Lemma to prove upward closure in positive real addition. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 7-Dec-2019.)
(((⟨𝐿, 𝑈⟩ ∈ P𝐺𝑈) ∧ 𝑋Q) → (𝑆 <Q 𝑋 → ((𝑋 ·Q (*Q𝑆)) ·Q 𝐺) ∈ 𝑈))
 
Theoremaddnqprl 6770 Lemma to prove downward closure in positive real addition. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 5-Dec-2019.)
((((𝐴P𝐺 ∈ (1st𝐴)) ∧ (𝐵P𝐻 ∈ (1st𝐵))) ∧ 𝑋Q) → (𝑋 <Q (𝐺 +Q 𝐻) → 𝑋 ∈ (1st ‘(𝐴 +P 𝐵))))
 
Theoremaddnqpru 6771 Lemma to prove upward closure in positive real addition. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 5-Dec-2019.)
((((𝐴P𝐺 ∈ (2nd𝐴)) ∧ (𝐵P𝐻 ∈ (2nd𝐵))) ∧ 𝑋Q) → ((𝐺 +Q 𝐻) <Q 𝑋𝑋 ∈ (2nd ‘(𝐴 +P 𝐵))))
 
Theoremaddlocprlemlt 6772 Lemma for addlocpr 6777. The 𝑄 <Q (𝐷 +Q 𝐸) case. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 6-Dec-2019.)
(𝜑𝐴P)    &   (𝜑𝐵P)    &   (𝜑𝑄 <Q 𝑅)    &   (𝜑𝑃Q)    &   (𝜑 → (𝑄 +Q (𝑃 +Q 𝑃)) = 𝑅)    &   (𝜑𝐷 ∈ (1st𝐴))    &   (𝜑𝑈 ∈ (2nd𝐴))    &   (𝜑𝑈 <Q (𝐷 +Q 𝑃))    &   (𝜑𝐸 ∈ (1st𝐵))    &   (𝜑𝑇 ∈ (2nd𝐵))    &   (𝜑𝑇 <Q (𝐸 +Q 𝑃))       (𝜑 → (𝑄 <Q (𝐷 +Q 𝐸) → 𝑄 ∈ (1st ‘(𝐴 +P 𝐵))))
 
Theoremaddlocprlemeqgt 6773 Lemma for addlocpr 6777. This is a step used in both the 𝑄 = (𝐷 +Q 𝐸) and (𝐷 +Q 𝐸) <Q 𝑄 cases. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 7-Dec-2019.)
(𝜑𝐴P)    &   (𝜑𝐵P)    &   (𝜑𝑄 <Q 𝑅)    &   (𝜑𝑃Q)    &   (𝜑 → (𝑄 +Q (𝑃 +Q 𝑃)) = 𝑅)    &   (𝜑𝐷 ∈ (1st𝐴))    &   (𝜑𝑈 ∈ (2nd𝐴))    &   (𝜑𝑈 <Q (𝐷 +Q 𝑃))    &   (𝜑𝐸 ∈ (1st𝐵))    &   (𝜑𝑇 ∈ (2nd𝐵))    &   (𝜑𝑇 <Q (𝐸 +Q 𝑃))       (𝜑 → (𝑈 +Q 𝑇) <Q ((𝐷 +Q 𝐸) +Q (𝑃 +Q 𝑃)))
 
Theoremaddlocprlemeq 6774 Lemma for addlocpr 6777. The 𝑄 = (𝐷 +Q 𝐸) case. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 6-Dec-2019.)
(𝜑𝐴P)    &   (𝜑𝐵P)    &   (𝜑𝑄 <Q 𝑅)    &   (𝜑𝑃Q)    &   (𝜑 → (𝑄 +Q (𝑃 +Q 𝑃)) = 𝑅)    &   (𝜑𝐷 ∈ (1st𝐴))    &   (𝜑𝑈 ∈ (2nd𝐴))    &   (𝜑𝑈 <Q (𝐷 +Q 𝑃))    &   (𝜑𝐸 ∈ (1st𝐵))    &   (𝜑𝑇 ∈ (2nd𝐵))    &   (𝜑𝑇 <Q (𝐸 +Q 𝑃))       (𝜑 → (𝑄 = (𝐷 +Q 𝐸) → 𝑅 ∈ (2nd ‘(𝐴 +P 𝐵))))
 
Theoremaddlocprlemgt 6775 Lemma for addlocpr 6777. The (𝐷 +Q 𝐸) <Q 𝑄 case. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 6-Dec-2019.)
(𝜑𝐴P)    &   (𝜑𝐵P)    &   (𝜑𝑄 <Q 𝑅)    &   (𝜑𝑃Q)    &   (𝜑 → (𝑄 +Q (𝑃 +Q 𝑃)) = 𝑅)    &   (𝜑𝐷 ∈ (1st𝐴))    &   (𝜑𝑈 ∈ (2nd𝐴))    &   (𝜑𝑈 <Q (𝐷 +Q 𝑃))    &   (𝜑𝐸 ∈ (1st𝐵))    &   (𝜑𝑇 ∈ (2nd𝐵))    &   (𝜑𝑇 <Q (𝐸 +Q 𝑃))       (𝜑 → ((𝐷 +Q 𝐸) <Q 𝑄𝑅 ∈ (2nd ‘(𝐴 +P 𝐵))))
 
Theoremaddlocprlem 6776 Lemma for addlocpr 6777. The result, in deduction form. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 6-Dec-2019.)
(𝜑𝐴P)    &   (𝜑𝐵P)    &   (𝜑𝑄 <Q 𝑅)    &   (𝜑𝑃Q)    &   (𝜑 → (𝑄 +Q (𝑃 +Q 𝑃)) = 𝑅)    &   (𝜑𝐷 ∈ (1st𝐴))    &   (𝜑𝑈 ∈ (2nd𝐴))    &   (𝜑𝑈 <Q (𝐷 +Q 𝑃))    &   (𝜑𝐸 ∈ (1st𝐵))    &   (𝜑𝑇 ∈ (2nd𝐵))    &   (𝜑𝑇 <Q (𝐸 +Q 𝑃))       (𝜑 → (𝑄 ∈ (1st ‘(𝐴 +P 𝐵)) ∨ 𝑅 ∈ (2nd ‘(𝐴 +P 𝐵))))
 
Theoremaddlocpr 6777* Locatedness of addition on positive reals. Lemma 11.16 in [BauerTaylor], p. 53. The proof in BauerTaylor relies on signed rationals, so we replace it with another proof which applies prarloc 6744 to both 𝐴 and 𝐵, and uses nqtri3or 6637 rather than prloc 6732 to decide whether 𝑞 is too big to be in the lower cut of 𝐴 +P 𝐵 (and deduce that if it is, then 𝑟 must be in the upper cut). What the two proofs have in common is that they take the difference between 𝑞 and 𝑟 to determine how tight a range they need around the real numbers. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 5-Dec-2019.)
((𝐴P𝐵P) → ∀𝑞Q𝑟Q (𝑞 <Q 𝑟 → (𝑞 ∈ (1st ‘(𝐴 +P 𝐵)) ∨ 𝑟 ∈ (2nd ‘(𝐴 +P 𝐵)))))
 
Theoremaddclpr 6778 Closure of addition on positive reals. First statement of Proposition 9-3.5 of [Gleason] p. 123. Combination of Lemma 11.13 and Lemma 11.16 in [BauerTaylor], p. 53. (Contributed by NM, 13-Mar-1996.)
((𝐴P𝐵P) → (𝐴 +P 𝐵) ∈ P)
 
Theoremplpvlu 6779* Value of addition on positive reals. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 8-Dec-2019.)
((𝐴P𝐵P) → (𝐴 +P 𝐵) = ⟨{𝑥Q ∣ ∃𝑦 ∈ (1st𝐴)∃𝑧 ∈ (1st𝐵)𝑥 = (𝑦 +Q 𝑧)}, {𝑥Q ∣ ∃𝑦 ∈ (2nd𝐴)∃𝑧 ∈ (2nd𝐵)𝑥 = (𝑦 +Q 𝑧)}⟩)
 
Theoremmpvlu 6780* Value of multiplication on positive reals. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 8-Dec-2019.)
((𝐴P𝐵P) → (𝐴 ·P 𝐵) = ⟨{𝑥Q ∣ ∃𝑦 ∈ (1st𝐴)∃𝑧 ∈ (1st𝐵)𝑥 = (𝑦 ·Q 𝑧)}, {𝑥Q ∣ ∃𝑦 ∈ (2nd𝐴)∃𝑧 ∈ (2nd𝐵)𝑥 = (𝑦 ·Q 𝑧)}⟩)
 
Theoremdmplp 6781 Domain of addition on positive reals. (Contributed by NM, 18-Nov-1995.)
dom +P = (P × P)
 
Theoremdmmp 6782 Domain of multiplication on positive reals. (Contributed by NM, 18-Nov-1995.)
dom ·P = (P × P)
 
Theoremnqprm 6783* A cut produced from a rational is inhabited. Lemma for nqprlu 6788. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 8-Dec-2019.)
(𝐴Q → (∃𝑞Q 𝑞 ∈ {𝑥𝑥 <Q 𝐴} ∧ ∃𝑟Q 𝑟 ∈ {𝑥𝐴 <Q 𝑥}))
 
Theoremnqprrnd 6784* A cut produced from a rational is rounded. Lemma for nqprlu 6788. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 8-Dec-2019.)
(𝐴Q → (∀𝑞Q (𝑞 ∈ {𝑥𝑥 <Q 𝐴} ↔ ∃𝑟Q (𝑞 <Q 𝑟𝑟 ∈ {𝑥𝑥 <Q 𝐴})) ∧ ∀𝑟Q (𝑟 ∈ {𝑥𝐴 <Q 𝑥} ↔ ∃𝑞Q (𝑞 <Q 𝑟𝑞 ∈ {𝑥𝐴 <Q 𝑥}))))
 
Theoremnqprdisj 6785* A cut produced from a rational is disjoint. Lemma for nqprlu 6788. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 8-Dec-2019.)
(𝐴Q → ∀𝑞Q ¬ (𝑞 ∈ {𝑥𝑥 <Q 𝐴} ∧ 𝑞 ∈ {𝑥𝐴 <Q 𝑥}))
 
Theoremnqprloc 6786* A cut produced from a rational is located. Lemma for nqprlu 6788. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 8-Dec-2019.)
(𝐴Q → ∀𝑞Q𝑟Q (𝑞 <Q 𝑟 → (𝑞 ∈ {𝑥𝑥 <Q 𝐴} ∨ 𝑟 ∈ {𝑥𝐴 <Q 𝑥})))
 
Theoremnqprxx 6787* The canonical embedding of the rationals into the reals, expressed with the same variable for the lower and upper cuts. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 8-Dec-2019.)
(𝐴Q → ⟨{𝑥𝑥 <Q 𝐴}, {𝑥𝐴 <Q 𝑥}⟩ ∈ P)
 
Theoremnqprlu 6788* The canonical embedding of the rationals into the reals. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 24-Jun-2020.)
(𝐴Q → ⟨{𝑙𝑙 <Q 𝐴}, {𝑢𝐴 <Q 𝑢}⟩ ∈ P)
 
Theoremrecnnpr 6789* The reciprocal of a positive integer, as a positive real. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 27-Feb-2021.)
(𝐴N → ⟨{𝑙𝑙 <Q (*Q‘[⟨𝐴, 1𝑜⟩] ~Q )}, {𝑢 ∣ (*Q‘[⟨𝐴, 1𝑜⟩] ~Q ) <Q 𝑢}⟩ ∈ P)
 
Theoremltnqex 6790 The class of rationals less than a given rational is a set. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 13-Dec-2019.)
{𝑥𝑥 <Q 𝐴} ∈ V
 
Theoremgtnqex 6791 The class of rationals greater than a given rational is a set. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 13-Dec-2019.)
{𝑥𝐴 <Q 𝑥} ∈ V
 
Theoremnqprl 6792* Comparing a fraction to a real can be done by whether it is an element of the lower cut, or by <P. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 8-Jul-2020.)
((𝐴Q𝐵P) → (𝐴 ∈ (1st𝐵) ↔ ⟨{𝑙𝑙 <Q 𝐴}, {𝑢𝐴 <Q 𝑢}⟩<P 𝐵))
 
Theoremnqpru 6793* Comparing a fraction to a real can be done by whether it is an element of the upper cut, or by <P. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 29-Nov-2020.)
((𝐴Q𝐵P) → (𝐴 ∈ (2nd𝐵) ↔ 𝐵<P ⟨{𝑙𝑙 <Q 𝐴}, {𝑢𝐴 <Q 𝑢}⟩))
 
Theoremnnprlu 6794* The canonical embedding of positive integers into the positive reals. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 23-Apr-2020.)
(𝐴N → ⟨{𝑙𝑙 <Q [⟨𝐴, 1𝑜⟩] ~Q }, {𝑢 ∣ [⟨𝐴, 1𝑜⟩] ~Q <Q 𝑢}⟩ ∈ P)
 
Theorem1pr 6795 The positive real number 'one'. (Contributed by NM, 13-Mar-1996.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 12-Jun-2013.)
1PP
 
Theorem1prl 6796 The lower cut of the positive real number 'one'. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 28-Dec-2019.)
(1st ‘1P) = {𝑥𝑥 <Q 1Q}
 
Theorem1pru 6797 The upper cut of the positive real number 'one'. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 28-Dec-2019.)
(2nd ‘1P) = {𝑥 ∣ 1Q <Q 𝑥}
 
Theoremaddnqprlemrl 6798* Lemma for addnqpr 6802. The reverse subset relationship for the lower cut. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 19-Aug-2020.)
((𝐴Q𝐵Q) → (1st ‘(⟨{𝑙𝑙 <Q 𝐴}, {𝑢𝐴 <Q 𝑢}⟩ +P ⟨{𝑙𝑙 <Q 𝐵}, {𝑢𝐵 <Q 𝑢}⟩)) ⊆ (1st ‘⟨{𝑙𝑙 <Q (𝐴 +Q 𝐵)}, {𝑢 ∣ (𝐴 +Q 𝐵) <Q 𝑢}⟩))
 
Theoremaddnqprlemru 6799* Lemma for addnqpr 6802. The reverse subset relationship for the upper cut. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 19-Aug-2020.)
((𝐴Q𝐵Q) → (2nd ‘(⟨{𝑙𝑙 <Q 𝐴}, {𝑢𝐴 <Q 𝑢}⟩ +P ⟨{𝑙𝑙 <Q 𝐵}, {𝑢𝐵 <Q 𝑢}⟩)) ⊆ (2nd ‘⟨{𝑙𝑙 <Q (𝐴 +Q 𝐵)}, {𝑢 ∣ (𝐴 +Q 𝐵) <Q 𝑢}⟩))
 
Theoremaddnqprlemfl 6800* Lemma for addnqpr 6802. The forward subset relationship for the lower cut. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 19-Aug-2020.)
((𝐴Q𝐵Q) → (1st ‘⟨{𝑙𝑙 <Q (𝐴 +Q 𝐵)}, {𝑢 ∣ (𝐴 +Q 𝐵) <Q 𝑢}⟩) ⊆ (1st ‘(⟨{𝑙𝑙 <Q 𝐴}, {𝑢𝐴 <Q 𝑢}⟩ +P ⟨{𝑙𝑙 <Q 𝐵}, {𝑢𝐵 <Q 𝑢}⟩)))
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