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Theorem List for Intuitionistic Logic Explorer - 7201-7300   *Has distinct variable group(s)
TypeLabelDescription
Statement
 
Theoremcomraddd 7201 Commute RHS addition, in deduction form. (Contributed by David A. Wheeler, 11-Oct-2018.)
(𝜑𝐵 ∈ ℂ)    &   (𝜑𝐶 ∈ ℂ)    &   (𝜑𝐴 = (𝐵 + 𝐶))       (𝜑𝐴 = (𝐶 + 𝐵))
 
3.3  Real and complex numbers - basic operations
 
3.3.1  Addition
 
Theoremadd12 7202 Commutative/associative law that swaps the first two terms in a triple sum. (Contributed by NM, 11-May-2004.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐶 ∈ ℂ) → (𝐴 + (𝐵 + 𝐶)) = (𝐵 + (𝐴 + 𝐶)))
 
Theoremadd32 7203 Commutative/associative law that swaps the last two terms in a triple sum. (Contributed by NM, 13-Nov-1999.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐶 ∈ ℂ) → ((𝐴 + 𝐵) + 𝐶) = ((𝐴 + 𝐶) + 𝐵))
 
Theoremadd32r 7204 Commutative/associative law that swaps the last two terms in a triple sum, rearranging the parentheses. (Contributed by Paul Chapman, 18-May-2007.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐶 ∈ ℂ) → (𝐴 + (𝐵 + 𝐶)) = ((𝐴 + 𝐶) + 𝐵))
 
Theoremadd4 7205 Rearrangement of 4 terms in a sum. (Contributed by NM, 13-Nov-1999.) (Proof shortened by Andrew Salmon, 22-Oct-2011.)
(((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℂ) ∧ (𝐶 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐷 ∈ ℂ)) → ((𝐴 + 𝐵) + (𝐶 + 𝐷)) = ((𝐴 + 𝐶) + (𝐵 + 𝐷)))
 
Theoremadd42 7206 Rearrangement of 4 terms in a sum. (Contributed by NM, 12-May-2005.)
(((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℂ) ∧ (𝐶 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐷 ∈ ℂ)) → ((𝐴 + 𝐵) + (𝐶 + 𝐷)) = ((𝐴 + 𝐶) + (𝐷 + 𝐵)))
 
Theoremadd12i 7207 Commutative/associative law that swaps the first two terms in a triple sum. (Contributed by NM, 21-Jan-1997.)
𝐴 ∈ ℂ    &   𝐵 ∈ ℂ    &   𝐶 ∈ ℂ       (𝐴 + (𝐵 + 𝐶)) = (𝐵 + (𝐴 + 𝐶))
 
Theoremadd32i 7208 Commutative/associative law that swaps the last two terms in a triple sum. (Contributed by NM, 21-Jan-1997.)
𝐴 ∈ ℂ    &   𝐵 ∈ ℂ    &   𝐶 ∈ ℂ       ((𝐴 + 𝐵) + 𝐶) = ((𝐴 + 𝐶) + 𝐵)
 
Theoremadd4i 7209 Rearrangement of 4 terms in a sum. (Contributed by NM, 9-May-1999.)
𝐴 ∈ ℂ    &   𝐵 ∈ ℂ    &   𝐶 ∈ ℂ    &   𝐷 ∈ ℂ       ((𝐴 + 𝐵) + (𝐶 + 𝐷)) = ((𝐴 + 𝐶) + (𝐵 + 𝐷))
 
Theoremadd42i 7210 Rearrangement of 4 terms in a sum. (Contributed by NM, 22-Aug-1999.)
𝐴 ∈ ℂ    &   𝐵 ∈ ℂ    &   𝐶 ∈ ℂ    &   𝐷 ∈ ℂ       ((𝐴 + 𝐵) + (𝐶 + 𝐷)) = ((𝐴 + 𝐶) + (𝐷 + 𝐵))
 
Theoremadd12d 7211 Commutative/associative law that swaps the first two terms in a triple sum. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 27-May-2016.)
(𝜑𝐴 ∈ ℂ)    &   (𝜑𝐵 ∈ ℂ)    &   (𝜑𝐶 ∈ ℂ)       (𝜑 → (𝐴 + (𝐵 + 𝐶)) = (𝐵 + (𝐴 + 𝐶)))
 
Theoremadd32d 7212 Commutative/associative law that swaps the last two terms in a triple sum. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 27-May-2016.)
(𝜑𝐴 ∈ ℂ)    &   (𝜑𝐵 ∈ ℂ)    &   (𝜑𝐶 ∈ ℂ)       (𝜑 → ((𝐴 + 𝐵) + 𝐶) = ((𝐴 + 𝐶) + 𝐵))
 
Theoremadd4d 7213 Rearrangement of 4 terms in a sum. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 27-May-2016.)
(𝜑𝐴 ∈ ℂ)    &   (𝜑𝐵 ∈ ℂ)    &   (𝜑𝐶 ∈ ℂ)    &   (𝜑𝐷 ∈ ℂ)       (𝜑 → ((𝐴 + 𝐵) + (𝐶 + 𝐷)) = ((𝐴 + 𝐶) + (𝐵 + 𝐷)))
 
Theoremadd42d 7214 Rearrangement of 4 terms in a sum. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 27-May-2016.)
(𝜑𝐴 ∈ ℂ)    &   (𝜑𝐵 ∈ ℂ)    &   (𝜑𝐶 ∈ ℂ)    &   (𝜑𝐷 ∈ ℂ)       (𝜑 → ((𝐴 + 𝐵) + (𝐶 + 𝐷)) = ((𝐴 + 𝐶) + (𝐷 + 𝐵)))
 
3.3.2  Subtraction
 
Syntaxcmin 7215 Extend class notation to include subtraction.
class
 
Syntaxcneg 7216 Extend class notation to include unary minus. The symbol - is not a class by itself but part of a compound class definition. We do this rather than making it a formal function since it is so commonly used. Note: We use different symbols for unary minus (-) and subtraction cmin 7215 () to prevent syntax ambiguity. For example, looking at the syntax definition co 5537, if we used the same symbol then "( − 𝐴𝐵) " could mean either "𝐴 " minus "𝐵", or it could represent the (meaningless) operation of classes " " and "𝐵 " connected with "operation" "𝐴". On the other hand, "(-𝐴𝐵) " is unambiguous.
class -𝐴
 
Definitiondf-sub 7217* Define subtraction. Theorem subval 7236 shows its value (and describes how this definition works), theorem subaddi 7331 relates it to addition, and theorems subcli 7320 and resubcli 7307 prove its closure laws. (Contributed by NM, 26-Nov-1994.)
− = (𝑥 ∈ ℂ, 𝑦 ∈ ℂ ↦ (𝑧 ∈ ℂ (𝑦 + 𝑧) = 𝑥))
 
Definitiondf-neg 7218 Define the negative of a number (unary minus). We use different symbols for unary minus (-) and subtraction () to prevent syntax ambiguity. See cneg 7216 for a discussion of this. (Contributed by NM, 10-Feb-1995.)
-𝐴 = (0 − 𝐴)
 
Theoremcnegexlem1 7219 Addition cancellation of a real number from two complex numbers. Lemma for cnegex 7222. (Contributed by Eric Schmidt, 22-May-2007.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℝ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐶 ∈ ℂ) → ((𝐴 + 𝐵) = (𝐴 + 𝐶) ↔ 𝐵 = 𝐶))
 
Theoremcnegexlem2 7220 Existence of a real number which produces a real number when multiplied by i. (Hint: zero is such a number, although we don't need to prove that yet). Lemma for cnegex 7222. (Contributed by Eric Schmidt, 22-May-2007.)
𝑦 ∈ ℝ (i · 𝑦) ∈ ℝ
 
Theoremcnegexlem3 7221* Existence of real number difference. Lemma for cnegex 7222. (Contributed by Eric Schmidt, 22-May-2007.)
((𝑏 ∈ ℝ ∧ 𝑦 ∈ ℝ) → ∃𝑐 ∈ ℝ (𝑏 + 𝑐) = 𝑦)
 
Theoremcnegex 7222* Existence of the negative of a complex number. (Contributed by Eric Schmidt, 21-May-2007.)
(𝐴 ∈ ℂ → ∃𝑥 ∈ ℂ (𝐴 + 𝑥) = 0)
 
Theoremcnegex2 7223* Existence of a left inverse for addition. (Contributed by Scott Fenton, 3-Jan-2013.)
(𝐴 ∈ ℂ → ∃𝑥 ∈ ℂ (𝑥 + 𝐴) = 0)
 
Theoremaddcan 7224 Cancellation law for addition. Theorem I.1 of [Apostol] p. 18. (Contributed by NM, 22-Nov-1994.) (Proof shortened by Mario Carneiro, 27-May-2016.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐶 ∈ ℂ) → ((𝐴 + 𝐵) = (𝐴 + 𝐶) ↔ 𝐵 = 𝐶))
 
Theoremaddcan2 7225 Cancellation law for addition. (Contributed by NM, 30-Jul-2004.) (Revised by Scott Fenton, 3-Jan-2013.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐶 ∈ ℂ) → ((𝐴 + 𝐶) = (𝐵 + 𝐶) ↔ 𝐴 = 𝐵))
 
Theoremaddcani 7226 Cancellation law for addition. Theorem I.1 of [Apostol] p. 18. (Contributed by NM, 27-Oct-1999.) (Revised by Scott Fenton, 3-Jan-2013.)
𝐴 ∈ ℂ    &   𝐵 ∈ ℂ    &   𝐶 ∈ ℂ       ((𝐴 + 𝐵) = (𝐴 + 𝐶) ↔ 𝐵 = 𝐶)
 
Theoremaddcan2i 7227 Cancellation law for addition. Theorem I.1 of [Apostol] p. 18. (Contributed by NM, 14-May-2003.) (Revised by Scott Fenton, 3-Jan-2013.)
𝐴 ∈ ℂ    &   𝐵 ∈ ℂ    &   𝐶 ∈ ℂ       ((𝐴 + 𝐶) = (𝐵 + 𝐶) ↔ 𝐴 = 𝐵)
 
Theoremaddcand 7228 Cancellation law for addition. Theorem I.1 of [Apostol] p. 18. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 27-May-2016.)
(𝜑𝐴 ∈ ℂ)    &   (𝜑𝐵 ∈ ℂ)    &   (𝜑𝐶 ∈ ℂ)       (𝜑 → ((𝐴 + 𝐵) = (𝐴 + 𝐶) ↔ 𝐵 = 𝐶))
 
Theoremaddcan2d 7229 Cancellation law for addition. Theorem I.1 of [Apostol] p. 18. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 27-May-2016.)
(𝜑𝐴 ∈ ℂ)    &   (𝜑𝐵 ∈ ℂ)    &   (𝜑𝐶 ∈ ℂ)       (𝜑 → ((𝐴 + 𝐶) = (𝐵 + 𝐶) ↔ 𝐴 = 𝐵))
 
Theoremaddcanad 7230 Cancelling a term on the left-hand side of a sum in an equality. Consequence of addcand 7228. (Contributed by David Moews, 28-Feb-2017.)
(𝜑𝐴 ∈ ℂ)    &   (𝜑𝐵 ∈ ℂ)    &   (𝜑𝐶 ∈ ℂ)    &   (𝜑 → (𝐴 + 𝐵) = (𝐴 + 𝐶))       (𝜑𝐵 = 𝐶)
 
Theoremaddcan2ad 7231 Cancelling a term on the right-hand side of a sum in an equality. Consequence of addcan2d 7229. (Contributed by David Moews, 28-Feb-2017.)
(𝜑𝐴 ∈ ℂ)    &   (𝜑𝐵 ∈ ℂ)    &   (𝜑𝐶 ∈ ℂ)    &   (𝜑 → (𝐴 + 𝐶) = (𝐵 + 𝐶))       (𝜑𝐴 = 𝐵)
 
Theoremaddneintrd 7232 Introducing a term on the left-hand side of a sum in a negated equality. Contrapositive of addcanad 7230. Consequence of addcand 7228. (Contributed by David Moews, 28-Feb-2017.)
(𝜑𝐴 ∈ ℂ)    &   (𝜑𝐵 ∈ ℂ)    &   (𝜑𝐶 ∈ ℂ)    &   (𝜑𝐵𝐶)       (𝜑 → (𝐴 + 𝐵) ≠ (𝐴 + 𝐶))
 
Theoremaddneintr2d 7233 Introducing a term on the right-hand side of a sum in a negated equality. Contrapositive of addcan2ad 7231. Consequence of addcan2d 7229. (Contributed by David Moews, 28-Feb-2017.)
(𝜑𝐴 ∈ ℂ)    &   (𝜑𝐵 ∈ ℂ)    &   (𝜑𝐶 ∈ ℂ)    &   (𝜑𝐴𝐵)       (𝜑 → (𝐴 + 𝐶) ≠ (𝐵 + 𝐶))
 
Theorem0cnALT 7234 Alternate proof of 0cn 7047. (Contributed by NM, 19-Feb-2005.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 27-May-2016.) (Proof modification is discouraged.) (New usage is discouraged.)
0 ∈ ℂ
 
Theoremnegeu 7235* Existential uniqueness of negatives. Theorem I.2 of [Apostol] p. 18. (Contributed by NM, 22-Nov-1994.) (Proof shortened by Mario Carneiro, 27-May-2016.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℂ) → ∃!𝑥 ∈ ℂ (𝐴 + 𝑥) = 𝐵)
 
Theoremsubval 7236* Value of subtraction, which is the (unique) element 𝑥 such that 𝐵 + 𝑥 = 𝐴. (Contributed by NM, 4-Aug-2007.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 2-Nov-2013.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℂ) → (𝐴𝐵) = (𝑥 ∈ ℂ (𝐵 + 𝑥) = 𝐴))
 
Theoremnegeq 7237 Equality theorem for negatives. (Contributed by NM, 10-Feb-1995.)
(𝐴 = 𝐵 → -𝐴 = -𝐵)
 
Theoremnegeqi 7238 Equality inference for negatives. (Contributed by NM, 14-Feb-1995.)
𝐴 = 𝐵       -𝐴 = -𝐵
 
Theoremnegeqd 7239 Equality deduction for negatives. (Contributed by NM, 14-May-1999.)
(𝜑𝐴 = 𝐵)       (𝜑 → -𝐴 = -𝐵)
 
Theoremnfnegd 7240 Deduction version of nfneg 7241. (Contributed by NM, 29-Feb-2008.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 15-Oct-2016.)
(𝜑𝑥𝐴)       (𝜑𝑥-𝐴)
 
Theoremnfneg 7241 Bound-variable hypothesis builder for the negative of a complex number. (Contributed by NM, 12-Jun-2005.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 15-Oct-2016.)
𝑥𝐴       𝑥-𝐴
 
Theoremcsbnegg 7242 Move class substitution in and out of the negative of a number. (Contributed by NM, 1-Mar-2008.) (Proof shortened by Andrew Salmon, 22-Oct-2011.)
(𝐴𝑉𝐴 / 𝑥-𝐵 = -𝐴 / 𝑥𝐵)
 
Theoremsubcl 7243 Closure law for subtraction. (Contributed by NM, 10-May-1999.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 21-Dec-2013.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℂ) → (𝐴𝐵) ∈ ℂ)
 
Theoremnegcl 7244 Closure law for negative. (Contributed by NM, 6-Aug-2003.)
(𝐴 ∈ ℂ → -𝐴 ∈ ℂ)
 
Theoremnegicn 7245 -i is a complex number (common case). (Contributed by David A. Wheeler, 7-Dec-2018.)
-i ∈ ℂ
 
Theoremsubf 7246 Subtraction is an operation on the complex numbers. (Contributed by NM, 4-Aug-2007.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 16-Nov-2013.)
− :(ℂ × ℂ)⟶ℂ
 
Theoremsubadd 7247 Relationship between subtraction and addition. (Contributed by NM, 20-Jan-1997.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 21-Dec-2013.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐶 ∈ ℂ) → ((𝐴𝐵) = 𝐶 ↔ (𝐵 + 𝐶) = 𝐴))
 
Theoremsubadd2 7248 Relationship between subtraction and addition. (Contributed by Scott Fenton, 5-Jul-2013.) (Proof shortened by Mario Carneiro, 27-May-2016.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐶 ∈ ℂ) → ((𝐴𝐵) = 𝐶 ↔ (𝐶 + 𝐵) = 𝐴))
 
Theoremsubsub23 7249 Swap subtrahend and result of subtraction. (Contributed by NM, 14-Dec-2007.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐶 ∈ ℂ) → ((𝐴𝐵) = 𝐶 ↔ (𝐴𝐶) = 𝐵))
 
Theorempncan 7250 Cancellation law for subtraction. (Contributed by NM, 10-May-2004.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 27-May-2016.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℂ) → ((𝐴 + 𝐵) − 𝐵) = 𝐴)
 
Theorempncan2 7251 Cancellation law for subtraction. (Contributed by NM, 17-Apr-2005.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℂ) → ((𝐴 + 𝐵) − 𝐴) = 𝐵)
 
Theorempncan3 7252 Subtraction and addition of equals. (Contributed by NM, 14-Mar-2005.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℂ) → (𝐴 + (𝐵𝐴)) = 𝐵)
 
Theoremnpcan 7253 Cancellation law for subtraction. (Contributed by NM, 10-May-2004.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 27-May-2016.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℂ) → ((𝐴𝐵) + 𝐵) = 𝐴)
 
Theoremaddsubass 7254 Associative-type law for addition and subtraction. (Contributed by NM, 6-Aug-2003.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 27-May-2016.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐶 ∈ ℂ) → ((𝐴 + 𝐵) − 𝐶) = (𝐴 + (𝐵𝐶)))
 
Theoremaddsub 7255 Law for addition and subtraction. (Contributed by NM, 19-Aug-2001.) (Proof shortened by Andrew Salmon, 22-Oct-2011.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐶 ∈ ℂ) → ((𝐴 + 𝐵) − 𝐶) = ((𝐴𝐶) + 𝐵))
 
Theoremsubadd23 7256 Commutative/associative law for addition and subtraction. (Contributed by NM, 1-Feb-2007.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐶 ∈ ℂ) → ((𝐴𝐵) + 𝐶) = (𝐴 + (𝐶𝐵)))
 
Theoremaddsub12 7257 Commutative/associative law for addition and subtraction. (Contributed by NM, 8-Feb-2005.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐶 ∈ ℂ) → (𝐴 + (𝐵𝐶)) = (𝐵 + (𝐴𝐶)))
 
Theorem2addsub 7258 Law for subtraction and addition. (Contributed by NM, 20-Nov-2005.)
(((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℂ) ∧ (𝐶 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐷 ∈ ℂ)) → (((𝐴 + 𝐵) + 𝐶) − 𝐷) = (((𝐴 + 𝐶) − 𝐷) + 𝐵))
 
Theoremaddsubeq4 7259 Relation between sums and differences. (Contributed by Jeff Madsen, 17-Jun-2010.)
(((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℂ) ∧ (𝐶 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐷 ∈ ℂ)) → ((𝐴 + 𝐵) = (𝐶 + 𝐷) ↔ (𝐶𝐴) = (𝐵𝐷)))
 
Theorempncan3oi 7260 Subtraction and addition of equals. Almost but not exactly the same as pncan3i 7321 and pncan 7250, this order happens often when applying "operations to both sides" so create a theorem specifically for it. A deduction version of this is available as pncand 7356. (Contributed by David A. Wheeler, 11-Oct-2018.)
𝐴 ∈ ℂ    &   𝐵 ∈ ℂ       ((𝐴 + 𝐵) − 𝐵) = 𝐴
 
Theoremmvrraddi 7261 Move RHS right addition to LHS. (Contributed by David A. Wheeler, 11-Oct-2018.)
𝐵 ∈ ℂ    &   𝐶 ∈ ℂ    &   𝐴 = (𝐵 + 𝐶)       (𝐴𝐶) = 𝐵
 
Theoremmvlladdi 7262 Move LHS left addition to RHS. (Contributed by David A. Wheeler, 11-Oct-2018.)
𝐴 ∈ ℂ    &   𝐵 ∈ ℂ    &   (𝐴 + 𝐵) = 𝐶       𝐵 = (𝐶𝐴)
 
Theoremsubid 7263 Subtraction of a number from itself. (Contributed by NM, 8-Oct-1999.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 27-May-2016.)
(𝐴 ∈ ℂ → (𝐴𝐴) = 0)
 
Theoremsubid1 7264 Identity law for subtraction. (Contributed by NM, 9-May-2004.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 27-May-2016.)
(𝐴 ∈ ℂ → (𝐴 − 0) = 𝐴)
 
Theoremnpncan 7265 Cancellation law for subtraction. (Contributed by NM, 8-Feb-2005.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐶 ∈ ℂ) → ((𝐴𝐵) + (𝐵𝐶)) = (𝐴𝐶))
 
Theoremnppcan 7266 Cancellation law for subtraction. (Contributed by NM, 1-Sep-2005.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐶 ∈ ℂ) → (((𝐴𝐵) + 𝐶) + 𝐵) = (𝐴 + 𝐶))
 
Theoremnnpcan 7267 Cancellation law for subtraction: ((a-b)-c)+b = a-c holds for complex numbers a,b,c. (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 24-Mar-2018.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐶 ∈ ℂ) → (((𝐴𝐵) − 𝐶) + 𝐵) = (𝐴𝐶))
 
Theoremnppcan3 7268 Cancellation law for subtraction. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 14-Sep-2015.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐶 ∈ ℂ) → ((𝐴𝐵) + (𝐶 + 𝐵)) = (𝐴 + 𝐶))
 
Theoremsubcan2 7269 Cancellation law for subtraction. (Contributed by NM, 8-Feb-2005.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐶 ∈ ℂ) → ((𝐴𝐶) = (𝐵𝐶) ↔ 𝐴 = 𝐵))
 
Theoremsubeq0 7270 If the difference between two numbers is zero, they are equal. (Contributed by NM, 16-Nov-1999.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℂ) → ((𝐴𝐵) = 0 ↔ 𝐴 = 𝐵))
 
Theoremnpncan2 7271 Cancellation law for subtraction. (Contributed by Scott Fenton, 21-Jun-2013.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℂ) → ((𝐴𝐵) + (𝐵𝐴)) = 0)
 
Theoremsubsub2 7272 Law for double subtraction. (Contributed by NM, 30-Jun-2005.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 27-May-2016.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐶 ∈ ℂ) → (𝐴 − (𝐵𝐶)) = (𝐴 + (𝐶𝐵)))
 
Theoremnncan 7273 Cancellation law for subtraction. (Contributed by NM, 21-Jun-2005.) (Proof shortened by Andrew Salmon, 19-Nov-2011.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℂ) → (𝐴 − (𝐴𝐵)) = 𝐵)
 
Theoremsubsub 7274 Law for double subtraction. (Contributed by NM, 13-May-2004.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐶 ∈ ℂ) → (𝐴 − (𝐵𝐶)) = ((𝐴𝐵) + 𝐶))
 
Theoremnppcan2 7275 Cancellation law for subtraction. (Contributed by NM, 29-Sep-2005.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐶 ∈ ℂ) → ((𝐴 − (𝐵 + 𝐶)) + 𝐶) = (𝐴𝐵))
 
Theoremsubsub3 7276 Law for double subtraction. (Contributed by NM, 27-Jul-2005.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐶 ∈ ℂ) → (𝐴 − (𝐵𝐶)) = ((𝐴 + 𝐶) − 𝐵))
 
Theoremsubsub4 7277 Law for double subtraction. (Contributed by NM, 19-Aug-2005.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 27-May-2016.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐶 ∈ ℂ) → ((𝐴𝐵) − 𝐶) = (𝐴 − (𝐵 + 𝐶)))
 
Theoremsub32 7278 Swap the second and third terms in a double subtraction. (Contributed by NM, 19-Aug-2005.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐶 ∈ ℂ) → ((𝐴𝐵) − 𝐶) = ((𝐴𝐶) − 𝐵))
 
Theoremnnncan 7279 Cancellation law for subtraction. (Contributed by NM, 4-Sep-2005.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐶 ∈ ℂ) → ((𝐴 − (𝐵𝐶)) − 𝐶) = (𝐴𝐵))
 
Theoremnnncan1 7280 Cancellation law for subtraction. (Contributed by NM, 8-Feb-2005.) (Proof shortened by Andrew Salmon, 19-Nov-2011.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐶 ∈ ℂ) → ((𝐴𝐵) − (𝐴𝐶)) = (𝐶𝐵))
 
Theoremnnncan2 7281 Cancellation law for subtraction. (Contributed by NM, 1-Oct-2005.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐶 ∈ ℂ) → ((𝐴𝐶) − (𝐵𝐶)) = (𝐴𝐵))
 
Theoremnpncan3 7282 Cancellation law for subtraction. (Contributed by Scott Fenton, 23-Jun-2013.) (Proof shortened by Mario Carneiro, 27-May-2016.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐶 ∈ ℂ) → ((𝐴𝐵) + (𝐶𝐴)) = (𝐶𝐵))
 
Theorempnpcan 7283 Cancellation law for mixed addition and subtraction. (Contributed by NM, 4-Mar-2005.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 27-May-2016.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐶 ∈ ℂ) → ((𝐴 + 𝐵) − (𝐴 + 𝐶)) = (𝐵𝐶))
 
Theorempnpcan2 7284 Cancellation law for mixed addition and subtraction. (Contributed by Scott Fenton, 9-Jun-2006.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐶 ∈ ℂ) → ((𝐴 + 𝐶) − (𝐵 + 𝐶)) = (𝐴𝐵))
 
Theorempnncan 7285 Cancellation law for mixed addition and subtraction. (Contributed by NM, 30-Jun-2005.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 27-May-2016.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐶 ∈ ℂ) → ((𝐴 + 𝐵) − (𝐴𝐶)) = (𝐵 + 𝐶))
 
Theoremppncan 7286 Cancellation law for mixed addition and subtraction. (Contributed by NM, 30-Jun-2005.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐶 ∈ ℂ) → ((𝐴 + 𝐵) + (𝐶𝐵)) = (𝐴 + 𝐶))
 
Theoremaddsub4 7287 Rearrangement of 4 terms in a mixed addition and subtraction. (Contributed by NM, 4-Mar-2005.)
(((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℂ) ∧ (𝐶 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐷 ∈ ℂ)) → ((𝐴 + 𝐵) − (𝐶 + 𝐷)) = ((𝐴𝐶) + (𝐵𝐷)))
 
Theoremsubadd4 7288 Rearrangement of 4 terms in a mixed addition and subtraction. (Contributed by NM, 24-Aug-2006.)
(((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℂ) ∧ (𝐶 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐷 ∈ ℂ)) → ((𝐴𝐵) − (𝐶𝐷)) = ((𝐴 + 𝐷) − (𝐵 + 𝐶)))
 
Theoremsub4 7289 Rearrangement of 4 terms in a subtraction. (Contributed by NM, 23-Nov-2007.)
(((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℂ) ∧ (𝐶 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐷 ∈ ℂ)) → ((𝐴𝐵) − (𝐶𝐷)) = ((𝐴𝐶) − (𝐵𝐷)))
 
Theoremneg0 7290 Minus 0 equals 0. (Contributed by NM, 17-Jan-1997.)
-0 = 0
 
Theoremnegid 7291 Addition of a number and its negative. (Contributed by NM, 14-Mar-2005.)
(𝐴 ∈ ℂ → (𝐴 + -𝐴) = 0)
 
Theoremnegsub 7292 Relationship between subtraction and negative. Theorem I.3 of [Apostol] p. 18. (Contributed by NM, 21-Jan-1997.) (Proof shortened by Mario Carneiro, 27-May-2016.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℂ) → (𝐴 + -𝐵) = (𝐴𝐵))
 
Theoremsubneg 7293 Relationship between subtraction and negative. (Contributed by NM, 10-May-2004.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 27-May-2016.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℂ) → (𝐴 − -𝐵) = (𝐴 + 𝐵))
 
Theoremnegneg 7294 A number is equal to the negative of its negative. Theorem I.4 of [Apostol] p. 18. (Contributed by NM, 12-Jan-2002.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 27-May-2016.)
(𝐴 ∈ ℂ → --𝐴 = 𝐴)
 
Theoremneg11 7295 Negative is one-to-one. (Contributed by NM, 8-Feb-2005.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 27-May-2016.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℂ) → (-𝐴 = -𝐵𝐴 = 𝐵))
 
Theoremnegcon1 7296 Negative contraposition law. (Contributed by NM, 9-May-2004.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℂ) → (-𝐴 = 𝐵 ↔ -𝐵 = 𝐴))
 
Theoremnegcon2 7297 Negative contraposition law. (Contributed by NM, 14-Nov-2004.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℂ) → (𝐴 = -𝐵𝐵 = -𝐴))
 
Theoremnegeq0 7298 A number is zero iff its negative is zero. (Contributed by NM, 12-Jul-2005.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 27-May-2016.)
(𝐴 ∈ ℂ → (𝐴 = 0 ↔ -𝐴 = 0))
 
Theoremsubcan 7299 Cancellation law for subtraction. (Contributed by NM, 8-Feb-2005.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 27-May-2016.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐶 ∈ ℂ) → ((𝐴𝐵) = (𝐴𝐶) ↔ 𝐵 = 𝐶))
 
Theoremnegsubdi 7300 Distribution of negative over subtraction. (Contributed by NM, 15-Nov-2004.) (Proof shortened by Mario Carneiro, 27-May-2016.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℂ) → -(𝐴𝐵) = (-𝐴 + 𝐵))
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