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Theorem List for Intuitionistic Logic Explorer - 9201-9300   *Has distinct variable group(s)
TypeLabelDescription
Statement
 
Theoremfrecfzennn 9201 The cardinality of a finite set of sequential integers. (See frec2uz0d 9183 for a description of the hypothesis.) (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 18-May-2020.)
𝐺 = frec((𝑥 ∈ ℤ ↦ (𝑥 + 1)), 0)       (𝑁 ∈ ℕ0 → (1...𝑁) ≈ (𝐺𝑁))
 
Theoremfrecfzen2 9202 The cardinality of a finite set of sequential integers with arbitrary endpoints. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 18-May-2020.)
𝐺 = frec((𝑥 ∈ ℤ ↦ (𝑥 + 1)), 0)       (𝑁 ∈ (ℤ𝑀) → (𝑀...𝑁) ≈ (𝐺‘((𝑁 + 1) − 𝑀)))
 
Theoremfrechashgf1o 9203 𝐺 maps ω one-to-one onto 0. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 19-May-2020.)
𝐺 = frec((𝑥 ∈ ℤ ↦ (𝑥 + 1)), 0)       𝐺:ω–1-1-onto→ℕ0
 
Theoremfzfig 9204 A finite interval of integers is finite. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 19-May-2020.)
((𝑀 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℤ) → (𝑀...𝑁) ∈ Fin)
 
Theoremfzfigd 9205 Deduction form of fzfig 9204. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 21-May-2020.)
(𝜑𝑀 ∈ ℤ)    &   (𝜑𝑁 ∈ ℤ)       (𝜑 → (𝑀...𝑁) ∈ Fin)
 
Theoremfzofig 9206 Half-open integer sets are finite. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 21-May-2020.)
((𝑀 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℤ) → (𝑀..^𝑁) ∈ Fin)
 
Theoremnn0ennn 9207 The nonnegative integers are equinumerous to the positive integers. (Contributed by NM, 19-Jul-2004.)
0 ≈ ℕ
 
Theoremnnenom 9208 The set of positive integers (as a subset of complex numbers) is equinumerous to omega (the set of finite ordinal numbers). (Contributed by NM, 31-Jul-2004.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 15-Sep-2013.)
ℕ ≈ ω
 
3.6.4  The infinite sequence builder "seq"
 
Syntaxcseq 9209 Extend class notation with recursive sequence builder.
class seq𝑀( + , 𝐹, 𝑆)
 
Definitiondf-iseq 9210* Define a general-purpose operation that builds a recursive sequence (i.e. a function on the positive integers or some other upper integer set) whose value at an index is a function of its previous value and the value of an input sequence at that index. This definition is complicated, but fortunately it is not intended to be used directly. Instead, the only purpose of this definition is to provide us with an object that has the properties expressed by iseq1 9220 and iseqp1 9223. Typically, those are the main theorems that would be used in practice.

The first operand in the parentheses is the operation that is applied to the previous value and the value of the input sequence (second operand). The operand to the left of the parenthesis is the integer to start from. For example, for the operation +, an input sequence 𝐹 with values 1, 1/2, 1/4, 1/8,... would be transformed into the output sequence seq1( + , 𝐹, ℚ) with values 1, 3/2, 7/4, 15/8,.., so that (seq1( + , 𝐹, ℚ)‘1) = 1, (seq1( + , 𝐹, ℚ)‘2) = 3/2, etc. In other words, seq𝑀( + , 𝐹, ℚ) transforms a sequence 𝐹 into an infinite series.

Internally, the frec function generates as its values a set of ordered pairs starting at 𝑀, (𝐹𝑀)⟩, with the first member of each pair incremented by one in each successive value. So, the range of frec is exactly the sequence we want, and we just extract the range and throw away the domain.

(Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 29-May-2020.)

seq𝑀( + , 𝐹, 𝑆) = ran frec((𝑥 ∈ (ℤ𝑀), 𝑦𝑆 ↦ ⟨(𝑥 + 1), (𝑦 + (𝐹‘(𝑥 + 1)))⟩), ⟨𝑀, (𝐹𝑀)⟩)
 
Theoremiseqex 9211 Existence of the sequence builder operation. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 20-Aug-2021.)
seq𝑀( + , 𝐹, 𝑆) ∈ V
 
Theoremiseqeq1 9212 Equality theorem for the sequence builder operation. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 30-May-2020.)
(𝑀 = 𝑁 → seq𝑀( + , 𝐹, 𝑆) = seq𝑁( + , 𝐹, 𝑆))
 
Theoremiseqeq2 9213 Equality theorem for the sequence builder operation. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 30-May-2020.)
( + = 𝑄 → seq𝑀( + , 𝐹, 𝑆) = seq𝑀(𝑄, 𝐹, 𝑆))
 
Theoremiseqeq3 9214 Equality theorem for the sequence builder operation. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 30-May-2020.)
(𝐹 = 𝐺 → seq𝑀( + , 𝐹, 𝑆) = seq𝑀( + , 𝐺, 𝑆))
 
Theoremiseqeq4 9215 Equality theorem for the sequence builder operation. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 30-May-2020.)
(𝑆 = 𝑇 → seq𝑀( + , 𝐹, 𝑆) = seq𝑀( + , 𝐹, 𝑇))
 
Theoremnfiseq 9216 Hypothesis builder for the sequence builder operation. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 30-May-2020.)
𝑥𝑀    &   𝑥 +    &   𝑥𝐹    &   𝑥𝑆       𝑥seq𝑀( + , 𝐹, 𝑆)
 
Theoremiseqovex 9217* Closure of a function used in proving sequence builder theorems. This can be thought of as a lemma for the small number of sequence builder theorems which need it. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 31-May-2020.)
((𝜑𝑥 ∈ (ℤ𝑀)) → (𝐹𝑥) ∈ 𝑆)    &   ((𝜑 ∧ (𝑥𝑆𝑦𝑆)) → (𝑥 + 𝑦) ∈ 𝑆)       ((𝜑 ∧ (𝑥 ∈ (ℤ𝑀) ∧ 𝑦𝑆)) → (𝑥(𝑧 ∈ (ℤ𝑀), 𝑤𝑆 ↦ (𝑤 + (𝐹‘(𝑧 + 1))))𝑦) ∈ 𝑆)
 
Theoremiseqval 9218* Value of the sequence builder function. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 30-May-2020.)
𝑅 = frec((𝑥 ∈ (ℤ𝑀), 𝑦𝑆 ↦ ⟨(𝑥 + 1), (𝑥(𝑧 ∈ (ℤ𝑀), 𝑤𝑆 ↦ (𝑤 + (𝐹‘(𝑧 + 1))))𝑦)⟩), ⟨𝑀, (𝐹𝑀)⟩)    &   ((𝜑𝑥 ∈ (ℤ𝑀)) → (𝐹𝑥) ∈ 𝑆)    &   ((𝜑 ∧ (𝑥𝑆𝑦𝑆)) → (𝑥 + 𝑦) ∈ 𝑆)       (𝜑 → seq𝑀( + , 𝐹, 𝑆) = ran 𝑅)
 
Theoremiseqfn 9219* The sequence builder function is a function. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 30-May-2020.)
(𝜑𝑀 ∈ ℤ)    &   (𝜑𝑆𝑉)    &   ((𝜑𝑥 ∈ (ℤ𝑀)) → (𝐹𝑥) ∈ 𝑆)    &   ((𝜑 ∧ (𝑥𝑆𝑦𝑆)) → (𝑥 + 𝑦) ∈ 𝑆)       (𝜑 → seq𝑀( + , 𝐹, 𝑆) Fn (ℤ𝑀))
 
Theoremiseq1 9220* Value of the sequence builder function at its initial value. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 31-May-2020.)
(𝜑𝑀 ∈ ℤ)    &   (𝜑𝑆𝑉)    &   ((𝜑𝑥 ∈ (ℤ𝑀)) → (𝐹𝑥) ∈ 𝑆)    &   ((𝜑 ∧ (𝑥𝑆𝑦𝑆)) → (𝑥 + 𝑦) ∈ 𝑆)       (𝜑 → (seq𝑀( + , 𝐹, 𝑆)‘𝑀) = (𝐹𝑀))
 
Theoremiseqcl 9221* Closure properties of the recursive sequence builder. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 1-Jun-2020.)
(𝜑𝑁 ∈ (ℤ𝑀))    &   (𝜑𝑆𝑉)    &   ((𝜑𝑥 ∈ (ℤ𝑀)) → (𝐹𝑥) ∈ 𝑆)    &   ((𝜑 ∧ (𝑥𝑆𝑦𝑆)) → (𝑥 + 𝑦) ∈ 𝑆)       (𝜑 → (seq𝑀( + , 𝐹, 𝑆)‘𝑁) ∈ 𝑆)
 
Theoremiseqf 9222* Range of the recursive sequence builder. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 23-Jul-2021.)
𝑍 = (ℤ𝑀)    &   (𝜑𝑆𝑉)    &   (𝜑𝑀 ∈ ℤ)    &   ((𝜑𝑥𝑍) → (𝐹𝑥) ∈ 𝑆)    &   ((𝜑 ∧ (𝑥𝑆𝑦𝑆)) → (𝑥 + 𝑦) ∈ 𝑆)       (𝜑 → seq𝑀( + , 𝐹, 𝑆):𝑍𝑆)
 
Theoremiseqp1 9223* Value of the sequence builder function at a successor. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 31-May-2020.)
(𝜑𝑁 ∈ (ℤ𝑀))    &   (𝜑𝑆𝑉)    &   ((𝜑𝑥 ∈ (ℤ𝑀)) → (𝐹𝑥) ∈ 𝑆)    &   ((𝜑 ∧ (𝑥𝑆𝑦𝑆)) → (𝑥 + 𝑦) ∈ 𝑆)       (𝜑 → (seq𝑀( + , 𝐹, 𝑆)‘(𝑁 + 1)) = ((seq𝑀( + , 𝐹, 𝑆)‘𝑁) + (𝐹‘(𝑁 + 1))))
 
Theoremiseqss 9224* Specifying a larger universe for seq. As long as 𝐹 and + are closed over 𝑆, then any set which contains 𝑆 can be used as the last argument to seq. This theorem does not allow 𝑇 to be a proper class, however. It also currently requires that + be closed over 𝑇 (as well as 𝑆). (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 18-Aug-2021.)
(𝜑𝑀 ∈ ℤ)    &   (𝜑𝑇𝑉)    &   (𝜑𝑆𝑇)    &   ((𝜑𝑥 ∈ (ℤ𝑀)) → (𝐹𝑥) ∈ 𝑆)    &   ((𝜑 ∧ (𝑥𝑆𝑦𝑆)) → (𝑥 + 𝑦) ∈ 𝑆)    &   ((𝜑 ∧ (𝑥𝑇𝑦𝑇)) → (𝑥 + 𝑦) ∈ 𝑇)       (𝜑 → seq𝑀( + , 𝐹, 𝑆) = seq𝑀( + , 𝐹, 𝑇))
 
Theoremiseqm1 9225* Value of the sequence builder function at a successor. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 24-Jun-2013.)
(𝜑𝑀 ∈ ℤ)    &   (𝜑𝑁 ∈ (ℤ‘(𝑀 + 1)))    &   (𝜑𝑆𝑉)    &   ((𝜑𝑥 ∈ (ℤ𝑀)) → (𝐹𝑥) ∈ 𝑆)    &   ((𝜑 ∧ (𝑥𝑆𝑦𝑆)) → (𝑥 + 𝑦) ∈ 𝑆)       (𝜑 → (seq𝑀( + , 𝐹, 𝑆)‘𝑁) = ((seq𝑀( + , 𝐹, 𝑆)‘(𝑁 − 1)) + (𝐹𝑁)))
 
Theoremiseqfveq2 9226* Equality of sequences. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 3-Jun-2020.)
(𝜑𝐾 ∈ (ℤ𝑀))    &   (𝜑 → (seq𝑀( + , 𝐹, 𝑆)‘𝐾) = (𝐺𝐾))    &   (𝜑𝑆𝑉)    &   ((𝜑𝑥 ∈ (ℤ𝑀)) → (𝐹𝑥) ∈ 𝑆)    &   ((𝜑𝑥 ∈ (ℤ𝐾)) → (𝐺𝑥) ∈ 𝑆)    &   ((𝜑 ∧ (𝑥𝑆𝑦𝑆)) → (𝑥 + 𝑦) ∈ 𝑆)    &   (𝜑𝑁 ∈ (ℤ𝐾))    &   ((𝜑𝑘 ∈ ((𝐾 + 1)...𝑁)) → (𝐹𝑘) = (𝐺𝑘))       (𝜑 → (seq𝑀( + , 𝐹, 𝑆)‘𝑁) = (seq𝐾( + , 𝐺, 𝑆)‘𝑁))
 
Theoremiseqfeq2 9227* Equality of sequences. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 3-Jun-2020.)
(𝜑𝐾 ∈ (ℤ𝑀))    &   (𝜑 → (seq𝑀( + , 𝐹, 𝑆)‘𝐾) = (𝐺𝐾))    &   (𝜑𝑆𝑉)    &   ((𝜑𝑥 ∈ (ℤ𝑀)) → (𝐹𝑥) ∈ 𝑆)    &   ((𝜑𝑥 ∈ (ℤ𝐾)) → (𝐺𝑥) ∈ 𝑆)    &   ((𝜑 ∧ (𝑥𝑆𝑦𝑆)) → (𝑥 + 𝑦) ∈ 𝑆)    &   ((𝜑𝑘 ∈ (ℤ‘(𝐾 + 1))) → (𝐹𝑘) = (𝐺𝑘))       (𝜑 → (seq𝑀( + , 𝐹, 𝑆) ↾ (ℤ𝐾)) = seq𝐾( + , 𝐺, 𝑆))
 
Theoremiseqfveq 9228* Equality of sequences. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 4-Jun-2020.)
(𝜑𝑁 ∈ (ℤ𝑀))    &   ((𝜑𝑘 ∈ (𝑀...𝑁)) → (𝐹𝑘) = (𝐺𝑘))    &   (𝜑𝑆𝑉)    &   ((𝜑𝑥 ∈ (ℤ𝑀)) → (𝐹𝑥) ∈ 𝑆)    &   ((𝜑𝑥 ∈ (ℤ𝑀)) → (𝐺𝑥) ∈ 𝑆)    &   ((𝜑 ∧ (𝑥𝑆𝑦𝑆)) → (𝑥 + 𝑦) ∈ 𝑆)       (𝜑 → (seq𝑀( + , 𝐹, 𝑆)‘𝑁) = (seq𝑀( + , 𝐺, 𝑆)‘𝑁))
 
Theoremiseqfeq 9229* Equality of sequences. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 15-Aug-2021.)
(𝜑𝑀 ∈ ℤ)    &   (𝜑𝑆𝑉)    &   ((𝜑𝑥 ∈ (ℤ𝑀)) → (𝐹𝑥) ∈ 𝑆)    &   ((𝜑𝑘 ∈ (ℤ𝑀)) → (𝐹𝑘) = (𝐺𝑘))    &   ((𝜑 ∧ (𝑥𝑆𝑦𝑆)) → (𝑥 + 𝑦) ∈ 𝑆)       (𝜑 → seq𝑀( + , 𝐹, 𝑆) = seq𝑀( + , 𝐺, 𝑆))
 
Theoremiseqshft2 9230* Shifting the index set of a sequence. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 15-Aug-2021.)
(𝜑𝑁 ∈ (ℤ𝑀))    &   (𝜑𝐾 ∈ ℤ)    &   ((𝜑𝑘 ∈ (𝑀...𝑁)) → (𝐹𝑘) = (𝐺‘(𝑘 + 𝐾)))    &   (𝜑𝑆𝑉)    &   ((𝜑𝑥 ∈ (ℤ𝑀)) → (𝐹𝑥) ∈ 𝑆)    &   ((𝜑𝑥 ∈ (ℤ‘(𝑀 + 𝐾))) → (𝐺𝑥) ∈ 𝑆)    &   ((𝜑 ∧ (𝑥𝑆𝑦𝑆)) → (𝑥 + 𝑦) ∈ 𝑆)       (𝜑 → (seq𝑀( + , 𝐹, 𝑆)‘𝑁) = (seq(𝑀 + 𝐾)( + , 𝐺, 𝑆)‘(𝑁 + 𝐾)))
 
Theoremiserf 9231* An infinite series of complex terms is a function from to . (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 15-Aug-2021.)
𝑍 = (ℤ𝑀)    &   (𝜑𝑀 ∈ ℤ)    &   ((𝜑𝑘𝑍) → (𝐹𝑘) ∈ ℂ)       (𝜑 → seq𝑀( + , 𝐹, ℂ):𝑍⟶ℂ)
 
Theoremiserfre 9232* An infinite series of real numbers is a function from to . (Contributed by NM, 18-Apr-2005.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 27-May-2014.)
𝑍 = (ℤ𝑀)    &   (𝜑𝑀 ∈ ℤ)    &   ((𝜑𝑘𝑍) → (𝐹𝑘) ∈ ℝ)       (𝜑 → seq𝑀( + , 𝐹, ℝ):𝑍⟶ℝ)
 
Theoremmonoord 9233* Ordering relation for a monotonic sequence, increasing case. (Contributed by NM, 13-Mar-2005.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 9-Feb-2014.)
(𝜑𝑁 ∈ (ℤ𝑀))    &   ((𝜑𝑘 ∈ (𝑀...𝑁)) → (𝐹𝑘) ∈ ℝ)    &   ((𝜑𝑘 ∈ (𝑀...(𝑁 − 1))) → (𝐹𝑘) ≤ (𝐹‘(𝑘 + 1)))       (𝜑 → (𝐹𝑀) ≤ (𝐹𝑁))
 
Theoremmonoord2 9234* Ordering relation for a monotonic sequence, decreasing case. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 18-Jul-2014.)
(𝜑𝑁 ∈ (ℤ𝑀))    &   ((𝜑𝑘 ∈ (𝑀...𝑁)) → (𝐹𝑘) ∈ ℝ)    &   ((𝜑𝑘 ∈ (𝑀...(𝑁 − 1))) → (𝐹‘(𝑘 + 1)) ≤ (𝐹𝑘))       (𝜑 → (𝐹𝑁) ≤ (𝐹𝑀))
 
Theoremisermono 9235* The partial sums in an infinite series of positive terms form a monotonic sequence. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 15-Aug-2021.)
(𝜑𝐾 ∈ (ℤ𝑀))    &   (𝜑𝑁 ∈ (ℤ𝐾))    &   ((𝜑𝑥 ∈ (ℤ𝑀)) → (𝐹𝑥) ∈ ℝ)    &   ((𝜑𝑥 ∈ ((𝐾 + 1)...𝑁)) → 0 ≤ (𝐹𝑥))       (𝜑 → (seq𝑀( + , 𝐹, ℝ)‘𝐾) ≤ (seq𝑀( + , 𝐹, ℝ)‘𝑁))
 
Theoremiseqsplit 9236* Split a sequence into two sequences. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 16-Aug-2021.)
((𝜑 ∧ (𝑥𝑆𝑦𝑆)) → (𝑥 + 𝑦) ∈ 𝑆)    &   ((𝜑 ∧ (𝑥𝑆𝑦𝑆𝑧𝑆)) → ((𝑥 + 𝑦) + 𝑧) = (𝑥 + (𝑦 + 𝑧)))    &   (𝜑𝑁 ∈ (ℤ‘(𝑀 + 1)))    &   (𝜑𝑆𝑉)    &   (𝜑𝑀 ∈ (ℤ𝐾))    &   ((𝜑𝑥 ∈ (ℤ𝐾)) → (𝐹𝑥) ∈ 𝑆)       (𝜑 → (seq𝐾( + , 𝐹, 𝑆)‘𝑁) = ((seq𝐾( + , 𝐹, 𝑆)‘𝑀) + (seq(𝑀 + 1)( + , 𝐹, 𝑆)‘𝑁)))
 
Theoremiseq1p 9237* Removing the first term from a sequence. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 16-Aug-2021.)
((𝜑 ∧ (𝑥𝑆𝑦𝑆)) → (𝑥 + 𝑦) ∈ 𝑆)    &   ((𝜑 ∧ (𝑥𝑆𝑦𝑆𝑧𝑆)) → ((𝑥 + 𝑦) + 𝑧) = (𝑥 + (𝑦 + 𝑧)))    &   (𝜑𝑁 ∈ (ℤ‘(𝑀 + 1)))    &   (𝜑𝑆𝑉)    &   (𝜑𝑀 ∈ ℤ)    &   ((𝜑𝑥 ∈ (ℤ𝑀)) → (𝐹𝑥) ∈ 𝑆)       (𝜑 → (seq𝑀( + , 𝐹, 𝑆)‘𝑁) = ((𝐹𝑀) + (seq(𝑀 + 1)( + , 𝐹, 𝑆)‘𝑁)))
 
Theoremiseqcaopr3 9238* Lemma for iseqcaopr2 . (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 16-Aug-2021.)
((𝜑 ∧ (𝑥𝑆𝑦𝑆)) → (𝑥 + 𝑦) ∈ 𝑆)    &   ((𝜑 ∧ (𝑥𝑆𝑦𝑆)) → (𝑥𝑄𝑦) ∈ 𝑆)    &   (𝜑𝑁 ∈ (ℤ𝑀))    &   ((𝜑𝑘 ∈ (ℤ𝑀)) → (𝐹𝑘) ∈ 𝑆)    &   ((𝜑𝑘 ∈ (ℤ𝑀)) → (𝐺𝑘) ∈ 𝑆)    &   ((𝜑𝑘 ∈ (ℤ𝑀)) → (𝐻𝑘) = ((𝐹𝑘)𝑄(𝐺𝑘)))    &   ((𝜑𝑛 ∈ (𝑀..^𝑁)) → (((seq𝑀( + , 𝐹, 𝑆)‘𝑛)𝑄(seq𝑀( + , 𝐺, 𝑆)‘𝑛)) + ((𝐹‘(𝑛 + 1))𝑄(𝐺‘(𝑛 + 1)))) = (((seq𝑀( + , 𝐹, 𝑆)‘𝑛) + (𝐹‘(𝑛 + 1)))𝑄((seq𝑀( + , 𝐺, 𝑆)‘𝑛) + (𝐺‘(𝑛 + 1)))))    &   (𝜑𝑆𝑉)       (𝜑 → (seq𝑀( + , 𝐻, 𝑆)‘𝑁) = ((seq𝑀( + , 𝐹, 𝑆)‘𝑁)𝑄(seq𝑀( + , 𝐺, 𝑆)‘𝑁)))
 
Theoremiseqcaopr2 9239* The sum of two infinite series (generalized to an arbitrary commutative and associative operation). (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 30-May-2014.)
((𝜑 ∧ (𝑥𝑆𝑦𝑆)) → (𝑥 + 𝑦) ∈ 𝑆)    &   ((𝜑 ∧ (𝑥𝑆𝑦𝑆)) → (𝑥𝑄𝑦) ∈ 𝑆)    &   ((𝜑 ∧ ((𝑥𝑆𝑦𝑆) ∧ (𝑧𝑆𝑤𝑆))) → ((𝑥𝑄𝑧) + (𝑦𝑄𝑤)) = ((𝑥 + 𝑦)𝑄(𝑧 + 𝑤)))    &   (𝜑𝑁 ∈ (ℤ𝑀))    &   ((𝜑𝑘 ∈ (ℤ𝑀)) → (𝐹𝑘) ∈ 𝑆)    &   ((𝜑𝑘 ∈ (ℤ𝑀)) → (𝐺𝑘) ∈ 𝑆)    &   ((𝜑𝑘 ∈ (ℤ𝑀)) → (𝐻𝑘) = ((𝐹𝑘)𝑄(𝐺𝑘)))    &   (𝜑𝑆𝑉)       (𝜑 → (seq𝑀( + , 𝐻, 𝑆)‘𝑁) = ((seq𝑀( + , 𝐹, 𝑆)‘𝑁)𝑄(seq𝑀( + , 𝐺, 𝑆)‘𝑁)))
 
Theoremiseqcaopr 9240* The sum of two infinite series (generalized to an arbitrary commutative and associative operation). (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 17-Aug-2021.)
((𝜑 ∧ (𝑥𝑆𝑦𝑆)) → (𝑥 + 𝑦) ∈ 𝑆)    &   ((𝜑 ∧ (𝑥𝑆𝑦𝑆)) → (𝑥 + 𝑦) = (𝑦 + 𝑥))    &   ((𝜑 ∧ (𝑥𝑆𝑦𝑆𝑧𝑆)) → ((𝑥 + 𝑦) + 𝑧) = (𝑥 + (𝑦 + 𝑧)))    &   (𝜑𝑁 ∈ (ℤ𝑀))    &   ((𝜑𝑘 ∈ (ℤ𝑀)) → (𝐹𝑘) ∈ 𝑆)    &   ((𝜑𝑘 ∈ (ℤ𝑀)) → (𝐺𝑘) ∈ 𝑆)    &   ((𝜑𝑘 ∈ (ℤ𝑀)) → (𝐻𝑘) = ((𝐹𝑘) + (𝐺𝑘)))    &   (𝜑𝑆𝑉)       (𝜑 → (seq𝑀( + , 𝐻, 𝑆)‘𝑁) = ((seq𝑀( + , 𝐹, 𝑆)‘𝑁) + (seq𝑀( + , 𝐺, 𝑆)‘𝑁)))
 
Theoremiseradd 9241* The sum of two infinite series. (Contributed by NM, 17-Mar-2005.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 26-May-2014.)
(𝜑𝑁 ∈ (ℤ𝑀))    &   ((𝜑𝑘 ∈ (ℤ𝑀)) → (𝐹𝑘) ∈ ℂ)    &   ((𝜑𝑘 ∈ (ℤ𝑀)) → (𝐺𝑘) ∈ ℂ)    &   ((𝜑𝑘 ∈ (ℤ𝑀)) → (𝐻𝑘) = ((𝐹𝑘) + (𝐺𝑘)))       (𝜑 → (seq𝑀( + , 𝐻, ℂ)‘𝑁) = ((seq𝑀( + , 𝐹, ℂ)‘𝑁) + (seq𝑀( + , 𝐺, ℂ)‘𝑁)))
 
Theoremisersub 9242* The difference of two infinite series. (Contributed by NM, 17-Mar-2005.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 27-May-2014.)
(𝜑𝑁 ∈ (ℤ𝑀))    &   ((𝜑𝑘 ∈ (ℤ𝑀)) → (𝐹𝑘) ∈ ℂ)    &   ((𝜑𝑘 ∈ (ℤ𝑀)) → (𝐺𝑘) ∈ ℂ)    &   ((𝜑𝑘 ∈ (ℤ𝑀)) → (𝐻𝑘) = ((𝐹𝑘) − (𝐺𝑘)))       (𝜑 → (seq𝑀( + , 𝐻, ℂ)‘𝑁) = ((seq𝑀( + , 𝐹, ℂ)‘𝑁) − (seq𝑀( + , 𝐺, ℂ)‘𝑁)))
 
Theoremiseqid3 9243* A sequence that consists entirely of zeroes (or whatever the identity 𝑍 is for operation +) sums to zero. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 18-Aug-2021.)
(𝜑 → (𝑍 + 𝑍) = 𝑍)    &   (𝜑𝑁 ∈ (ℤ𝑀))    &   ((𝜑𝑥 ∈ (ℤ𝑀)) → (𝐹𝑥) = 𝑍)    &   (𝜑𝑍𝑉)       (𝜑 → (seq𝑀( + , 𝐹, {𝑍})‘𝑁) = 𝑍)
 
Theoremiseqid3s 9244* A sequence that consists of zeroes up to 𝑁 sums to zero at 𝑁. In this case by "zero" we mean whatever the identity 𝑍 is for the operation +). (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 18-Aug-2021.)
(𝜑 → (𝑍 + 𝑍) = 𝑍)    &   (𝜑𝑁 ∈ (ℤ𝑀))    &   ((𝜑𝑥 ∈ (𝑀...𝑁)) → (𝐹𝑥) = 𝑍)    &   (𝜑𝑍𝑆)    &   (𝜑𝑆𝑉)    &   ((𝜑𝑥 ∈ (ℤ𝑀)) → (𝐹𝑥) ∈ 𝑆)    &   ((𝜑 ∧ (𝑥𝑆𝑦𝑆)) → (𝑥 + 𝑦) ∈ 𝑆)       (𝜑 → (seq𝑀( + , 𝐹, 𝑆)‘𝑁) = 𝑍)
 
Theoremiseqid 9245* Discard the first few terms of a sequence that starts with all zeroes (or whatever the identity 𝑍 is for operation +). (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 13-Jul-2013.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 27-May-2014.)
((𝜑𝑥𝑆) → (𝑍 + 𝑥) = 𝑥)    &   (𝜑𝑍𝑆)    &   (𝜑𝑁 ∈ (ℤ𝑀))    &   (𝜑 → (𝐹𝑁) ∈ 𝑆)    &   ((𝜑𝑥 ∈ (𝑀...(𝑁 − 1))) → (𝐹𝑥) = 𝑍)    &   (𝜑𝑆𝑉)    &   ((𝜑𝑥 ∈ (ℤ𝑀)) → (𝐹𝑥) ∈ 𝑆)    &   ((𝜑 ∧ (𝑥𝑆𝑦𝑆)) → (𝑥 + 𝑦) ∈ 𝑆)       (𝜑 → (seq𝑀( + , 𝐹, 𝑆) ↾ (ℤ𝑁)) = seq𝑁( + , 𝐹, 𝑆))
 
Theoremiseqhomo 9246* Apply a homomorphism to a sequence. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 21-Aug-2021.)
((𝜑 ∧ (𝑥𝑆𝑦𝑆)) → (𝑥 + 𝑦) ∈ 𝑆)    &   ((𝜑𝑥 ∈ (ℤ𝑀)) → (𝐹𝑥) ∈ 𝑆)    &   (𝜑𝑆𝑉)    &   (𝜑𝑁 ∈ (ℤ𝑀))    &   ((𝜑 ∧ (𝑥𝑆𝑦𝑆)) → (𝐻‘(𝑥 + 𝑦)) = ((𝐻𝑥)𝑄(𝐻𝑦)))    &   ((𝜑𝑥 ∈ (ℤ𝑀)) → (𝐻‘(𝐹𝑥)) = (𝐺𝑥))    &   ((𝜑𝑥 ∈ (ℤ𝑀)) → (𝐺𝑥) ∈ 𝑆)    &   ((𝜑 ∧ (𝑥𝑆𝑦𝑆)) → (𝑥𝑄𝑦) ∈ 𝑆)       (𝜑 → (𝐻‘(seq𝑀( + , 𝐹, 𝑆)‘𝑁)) = (seq𝑀(𝑄, 𝐺, 𝑆)‘𝑁))
 
Theoremiseqdistr 9247* The distributive property for series. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 21-Aug-2021.)
((𝜑 ∧ (𝑥𝑆𝑦𝑆)) → (𝑥 + 𝑦) ∈ 𝑆)    &   ((𝜑 ∧ (𝑥𝑆𝑦𝑆)) → (𝐶𝑇(𝑥 + 𝑦)) = ((𝐶𝑇𝑥) + (𝐶𝑇𝑦)))    &   (𝜑𝑁 ∈ (ℤ𝑀))    &   ((𝜑𝑥 ∈ (ℤ𝑀)) → (𝐺𝑥) ∈ 𝑆)    &   ((𝜑𝑥 ∈ (ℤ𝑀)) → (𝐹𝑥) = (𝐶𝑇(𝐺𝑥)))    &   (𝜑𝑆𝑉)    &   ((𝜑 ∧ (𝑥𝑆𝑦𝑆)) → (𝑥𝑇𝑦) ∈ 𝑆)    &   ((𝜑𝑥 ∈ (ℤ𝑀)) → (𝐹𝑥) ∈ 𝑆)    &   (𝜑𝐶𝑆)       (𝜑 → (seq𝑀( + , 𝐹, 𝑆)‘𝑁) = (𝐶𝑇(seq𝑀( + , 𝐺, 𝑆)‘𝑁)))
 
Theoremiser0 9248 The value of the partial sums in a zero-valued infinite series. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 19-Aug-2021.)
𝑍 = (ℤ𝑀)       (𝑁𝑍 → (seq𝑀( + , (𝑍 × {0}), ℂ)‘𝑁) = 0)
 
Theoremiser0f 9249 A zero-valued infinite series is equal to the constant zero function. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 19-Aug-2021.)
𝑍 = (ℤ𝑀)       (𝑀 ∈ ℤ → seq𝑀( + , (𝑍 × {0}), ℂ) = (𝑍 × {0}))
 
Theoremserige0 9250* A finite sum of nonnegative terms is nonnegative. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 22-Aug-2021.)
(𝜑𝑁 ∈ (ℤ𝑀))    &   ((𝜑𝑘 ∈ (ℤ𝑀)) → (𝐹𝑘) ∈ ℝ)    &   ((𝜑𝑘 ∈ (ℤ𝑀)) → 0 ≤ (𝐹𝑘))       (𝜑 → 0 ≤ (seq𝑀( + , 𝐹, ℂ)‘𝑁))
 
Theoremserile 9251* Comparison of partial sums of two infinite series of reals. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 22-Aug-2021.)
(𝜑𝑁 ∈ (ℤ𝑀))    &   ((𝜑𝑘 ∈ (ℤ𝑀)) → (𝐹𝑘) ∈ ℝ)    &   ((𝜑𝑘 ∈ (ℤ𝑀)) → (𝐺𝑘) ∈ ℝ)    &   ((𝜑𝑘 ∈ (ℤ𝑀)) → (𝐹𝑘) ≤ (𝐺𝑘))       (𝜑 → (seq𝑀( + , 𝐹, ℂ)‘𝑁) ≤ (seq𝑀( + , 𝐺, ℂ)‘𝑁))
 
3.6.5  Integer powers
 
Syntaxcexp 9252 Extend class notation to include exponentiation of a complex number to an integer power.
class
 
Definitiondf-iexp 9253* Define exponentiation to nonnegative integer powers. This definition is not meant to be used directly; instead, exp0 9257 and expp1 9260 provide the standard recursive definition. The up-arrow notation is used by Donald Knuth for iterated exponentiation (Science 194, 1235-1242, 1976) and is convenient for us since we don't have superscripts. 10-Jun-2005: The definition was extended to include zero exponents, so that 0↑0 = 1 per the convention of Definition 10-4.1 of [Gleason] p. 134. 4-Jun-2014: The definition was extended to include negative integer exponents. The case 𝑥 = 0, 𝑦 < 0 gives the value (1 / 0), so we will avoid this case in our theorems. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 7-Jun-2020.)
↑ = (𝑥 ∈ ℂ, 𝑦 ∈ ℤ ↦ if(𝑦 = 0, 1, if(0 < 𝑦, (seq1( · , (ℕ × {𝑥}), ℂ)‘𝑦), (1 / (seq1( · , (ℕ × {𝑥}), ℂ)‘-𝑦)))))
 
Theoremexpivallem 9254 Lemma for expival 9255. If we take a complex number apart from zero and raise it to a positive integer power, the result is apart from zero. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 7-Jun-2020.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐴 # 0 ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℕ) → (seq1( · , (ℕ × {𝐴}), ℂ)‘𝑁) # 0)
 
Theoremexpival 9255 Value of exponentiation to integer powers. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 7-Jun-2020.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℤ ∧ (𝐴 # 0 ∨ 0 ≤ 𝑁)) → (𝐴𝑁) = if(𝑁 = 0, 1, if(0 < 𝑁, (seq1( · , (ℕ × {𝐴}), ℂ)‘𝑁), (1 / (seq1( · , (ℕ × {𝐴}), ℂ)‘-𝑁)))))
 
Theoremexpinnval 9256 Value of exponentiation to positive integer powers. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 8-Jun-2020.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℕ) → (𝐴𝑁) = (seq1( · , (ℕ × {𝐴}), ℂ)‘𝑁))
 
Theoremexp0 9257 Value of a complex number raised to the 0th power. Note that under our definition, 0↑0 = 1, following the convention used by Gleason. Part of Definition 10-4.1 of [Gleason] p. 134. (Contributed by NM, 20-May-2004.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 4-Jun-2014.)
(𝐴 ∈ ℂ → (𝐴↑0) = 1)
 
Theorem0exp0e1 9258 0↑0 = 1 (common case). This is our convention. It follows the convention used by Gleason; see Part of Definition 10-4.1 of [Gleason] p. 134. (Contributed by David A. Wheeler, 8-Dec-2018.)
(0↑0) = 1
 
Theoremexp1 9259 Value of a complex number raised to the first power. (Contributed by NM, 20-Oct-2004.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 2-Jul-2013.)
(𝐴 ∈ ℂ → (𝐴↑1) = 𝐴)
 
Theoremexpp1 9260 Value of a complex number raised to a nonnegative integer power plus one. Part of Definition 10-4.1 of [Gleason] p. 134. (Contributed by NM, 20-May-2005.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 2-Jul-2013.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℕ0) → (𝐴↑(𝑁 + 1)) = ((𝐴𝑁) · 𝐴))
 
Theoremexpnegap0 9261 Value of a complex number raised to a negative integer power. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 8-Jun-2020.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐴 # 0 ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℕ0) → (𝐴↑-𝑁) = (1 / (𝐴𝑁)))
 
Theoremexpineg2 9262 Value of a complex number raised to a negative integer power. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 8-Jun-2020.)
(((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐴 # 0) ∧ (𝑁 ∈ ℂ ∧ -𝑁 ∈ ℕ0)) → (𝐴𝑁) = (1 / (𝐴↑-𝑁)))
 
Theoremexpn1ap0 9263 A number to the negative one power is the reciprocal. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 8-Jun-2020.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐴 # 0) → (𝐴↑-1) = (1 / 𝐴))
 
Theoremexpcllem 9264* Lemma for proving nonnegative integer exponentiation closure laws. (Contributed by NM, 14-Dec-2005.)
𝐹 ⊆ ℂ    &   ((𝑥𝐹𝑦𝐹) → (𝑥 · 𝑦) ∈ 𝐹)    &   1 ∈ 𝐹       ((𝐴𝐹𝐵 ∈ ℕ0) → (𝐴𝐵) ∈ 𝐹)
 
Theoremexpcl2lemap 9265* Lemma for proving integer exponentiation closure laws. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 8-Jun-2020.)
𝐹 ⊆ ℂ    &   ((𝑥𝐹𝑦𝐹) → (𝑥 · 𝑦) ∈ 𝐹)    &   1 ∈ 𝐹    &   ((𝑥𝐹𝑥 # 0) → (1 / 𝑥) ∈ 𝐹)       ((𝐴𝐹𝐴 # 0 ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℤ) → (𝐴𝐵) ∈ 𝐹)
 
Theoremnnexpcl 9266 Closure of exponentiation of nonnegative integers. (Contributed by NM, 16-Dec-2005.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℕ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℕ0) → (𝐴𝑁) ∈ ℕ)
 
Theoremnn0expcl 9267 Closure of exponentiation of nonnegative integers. (Contributed by NM, 14-Dec-2005.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℕ0𝑁 ∈ ℕ0) → (𝐴𝑁) ∈ ℕ0)
 
Theoremzexpcl 9268 Closure of exponentiation of integers. (Contributed by NM, 16-Dec-2005.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℕ0) → (𝐴𝑁) ∈ ℤ)
 
Theoremqexpcl 9269 Closure of exponentiation of rationals. (Contributed by NM, 16-Dec-2005.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℚ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℕ0) → (𝐴𝑁) ∈ ℚ)
 
Theoremreexpcl 9270 Closure of exponentiation of reals. (Contributed by NM, 14-Dec-2005.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℝ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℕ0) → (𝐴𝑁) ∈ ℝ)
 
Theoremexpcl 9271 Closure law for nonnegative integer exponentiation. (Contributed by NM, 26-May-2005.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℕ0) → (𝐴𝑁) ∈ ℂ)
 
Theoremrpexpcl 9272 Closure law for exponentiation of positive reals. (Contributed by NM, 24-Feb-2008.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 9-Sep-2014.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℝ+𝑁 ∈ ℤ) → (𝐴𝑁) ∈ ℝ+)
 
Theoremreexpclzap 9273 Closure of exponentiation of reals. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 9-Jun-2020.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℝ ∧ 𝐴 # 0 ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℤ) → (𝐴𝑁) ∈ ℝ)
 
Theoremqexpclz 9274 Closure of exponentiation of rational numbers. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 9-Sep-2014.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℚ ∧ 𝐴 ≠ 0 ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℤ) → (𝐴𝑁) ∈ ℚ)
 
Theoremm1expcl2 9275 Closure of exponentiation of negative one. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 18-Jun-2015.)
(𝑁 ∈ ℤ → (-1↑𝑁) ∈ {-1, 1})
 
Theoremm1expcl 9276 Closure of exponentiation of negative one. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 18-Jun-2015.)
(𝑁 ∈ ℤ → (-1↑𝑁) ∈ ℤ)
 
Theoremexpclzaplem 9277* Closure law for integer exponentiation. Lemma for expclzap 9278 and expap0i 9285. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 9-Jun-2020.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐴 # 0 ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℤ) → (𝐴𝑁) ∈ {𝑧 ∈ ℂ ∣ 𝑧 # 0})
 
Theoremexpclzap 9278 Closure law for integer exponentiation. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 9-Jun-2020.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐴 # 0 ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℤ) → (𝐴𝑁) ∈ ℂ)
 
Theoremnn0expcli 9279 Closure of exponentiation of nonnegative integers. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 17-Apr-2015.)
𝐴 ∈ ℕ0    &   𝑁 ∈ ℕ0       (𝐴𝑁) ∈ ℕ0
 
Theoremnn0sqcl 9280 The square of a nonnegative integer is a nonnegative integer. (Contributed by Stefan O'Rear, 16-Oct-2014.)
(𝐴 ∈ ℕ0 → (𝐴↑2) ∈ ℕ0)
 
Theoremexpm1t 9281 Exponentiation in terms of predecessor exponent. (Contributed by NM, 19-Dec-2005.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℕ) → (𝐴𝑁) = ((𝐴↑(𝑁 − 1)) · 𝐴))
 
Theorem1exp 9282 Value of one raised to a nonnegative integer power. (Contributed by NM, 15-Dec-2005.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 4-Jun-2014.)
(𝑁 ∈ ℤ → (1↑𝑁) = 1)
 
Theoremexpap0 9283 Positive integer exponentiation is apart from zero iff its mantissa is apart from zero. That it is easier to prove this first, and then prove expeq0 9284 in terms of it, rather than the other way around, is perhaps an illustration of the maxim "In constructive analysis, the apartness is more basic [ than ] equality." ([Geuvers], p. 1). (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 10-Jun-2020.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℕ) → ((𝐴𝑁) # 0 ↔ 𝐴 # 0))
 
Theoremexpeq0 9284 Positive integer exponentiation is 0 iff its mantissa is 0. (Contributed by NM, 23-Feb-2005.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℕ) → ((𝐴𝑁) = 0 ↔ 𝐴 = 0))
 
Theoremexpap0i 9285 Integer exponentiation is apart from zero if its mantissa is apart from zero. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 10-Jun-2020.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐴 # 0 ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℤ) → (𝐴𝑁) # 0)
 
Theoremexpgt0 9286 Nonnegative integer exponentiation with a positive mantissa is positive. (Contributed by NM, 16-Dec-2005.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 4-Jun-2014.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℝ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℤ ∧ 0 < 𝐴) → 0 < (𝐴𝑁))
 
Theoremexpnegzap 9287 Value of a complex number raised to a negative power. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 4-Jun-2014.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐴 # 0 ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℤ) → (𝐴↑-𝑁) = (1 / (𝐴𝑁)))
 
Theorem0exp 9288 Value of zero raised to a positive integer power. (Contributed by NM, 19-Aug-2004.)
(𝑁 ∈ ℕ → (0↑𝑁) = 0)
 
Theoremexpge0 9289 Nonnegative integer exponentiation with a nonnegative mantissa is nonnegative. (Contributed by NM, 16-Dec-2005.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 4-Jun-2014.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℝ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℕ0 ∧ 0 ≤ 𝐴) → 0 ≤ (𝐴𝑁))
 
Theoremexpge1 9290 Nonnegative integer exponentiation with a mantissa greater than or equal to 1 is greater than or equal to 1. (Contributed by NM, 21-Feb-2005.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 4-Jun-2014.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℝ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℕ0 ∧ 1 ≤ 𝐴) → 1 ≤ (𝐴𝑁))
 
Theoremexpgt1 9291 Positive integer exponentiation with a mantissa greater than 1 is greater than 1. (Contributed by NM, 13-Feb-2005.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 4-Jun-2014.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℝ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℕ ∧ 1 < 𝐴) → 1 < (𝐴𝑁))
 
Theoremmulexp 9292 Positive integer exponentiation of a product. Proposition 10-4.2(c) of [Gleason] p. 135, restricted to nonnegative integer exponents. (Contributed by NM, 13-Feb-2005.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℕ0) → ((𝐴 · 𝐵)↑𝑁) = ((𝐴𝑁) · (𝐵𝑁)))
 
Theoremmulexpzap 9293 Integer exponentiation of a product. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 10-Jun-2020.)
(((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐴 # 0) ∧ (𝐵 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐵 # 0) ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℤ) → ((𝐴 · 𝐵)↑𝑁) = ((𝐴𝑁) · (𝐵𝑁)))
 
Theoremexprecap 9294 Nonnegative integer exponentiation of a reciprocal. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 10-Jun-2020.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐴 # 0 ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℤ) → ((1 / 𝐴)↑𝑁) = (1 / (𝐴𝑁)))
 
Theoremexpadd 9295 Sum of exponents law for nonnegative integer exponentiation. Proposition 10-4.2(a) of [Gleason] p. 135. (Contributed by NM, 30-Nov-2004.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝑀 ∈ ℕ0𝑁 ∈ ℕ0) → (𝐴↑(𝑀 + 𝑁)) = ((𝐴𝑀) · (𝐴𝑁)))
 
Theoremexpaddzaplem 9296 Lemma for expaddzap 9297. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 10-Jun-2020.)
(((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐴 # 0) ∧ (𝑀 ∈ ℝ ∧ -𝑀 ∈ ℕ) ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℕ0) → (𝐴↑(𝑀 + 𝑁)) = ((𝐴𝑀) · (𝐴𝑁)))
 
Theoremexpaddzap 9297 Sum of exponents law for integer exponentiation. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 10-Jun-2020.)
(((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐴 # 0) ∧ (𝑀 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℤ)) → (𝐴↑(𝑀 + 𝑁)) = ((𝐴𝑀) · (𝐴𝑁)))
 
Theoremexpmul 9298 Product of exponents law for positive integer exponentiation. Proposition 10-4.2(b) of [Gleason] p. 135, restricted to nonnegative integer exponents. (Contributed by NM, 4-Jan-2006.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝑀 ∈ ℕ0𝑁 ∈ ℕ0) → (𝐴↑(𝑀 · 𝑁)) = ((𝐴𝑀)↑𝑁))
 
Theoremexpmulzap 9299 Product of exponents law for integer exponentiation. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 11-Jun-2020.)
(((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐴 # 0) ∧ (𝑀 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℤ)) → (𝐴↑(𝑀 · 𝑁)) = ((𝐴𝑀)↑𝑁))
 
Theoremexpsubap 9300 Exponent subtraction law for nonnegative integer exponentiation. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 11-Jun-2020.)
(((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐴 # 0) ∧ (𝑀 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℤ)) → (𝐴↑(𝑀𝑁)) = ((𝐴𝑀) / (𝐴𝑁)))
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