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Theorem List for Intuitionistic Logic Explorer - 9401-9500   *Has distinct variable group(s)
TypeLabelDescription
Statement
 
Theoremnnsqcld 9401 The naturals are closed under squaring. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 28-May-2016.)
(𝜑𝐴 ∈ ℕ)       (𝜑 → (𝐴↑2) ∈ ℕ)
 
Theoremnnexpcld 9402 Closure of exponentiation of nonnegative integers. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 28-May-2016.)
(𝜑𝐴 ∈ ℕ)    &   (𝜑𝑁 ∈ ℕ0)       (𝜑 → (𝐴𝑁) ∈ ℕ)
 
Theoremnn0expcld 9403 Closure of exponentiation of nonnegative integers. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 28-May-2016.)
(𝜑𝐴 ∈ ℕ0)    &   (𝜑𝑁 ∈ ℕ0)       (𝜑 → (𝐴𝑁) ∈ ℕ0)
 
Theoremrpexpcld 9404 Closure law for exponentiation of positive reals. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 28-May-2016.)
(𝜑𝐴 ∈ ℝ+)    &   (𝜑𝑁 ∈ ℤ)       (𝜑 → (𝐴𝑁) ∈ ℝ+)
 
Theoremreexpclzapd 9405 Closure of exponentiation of reals. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 13-Jun-2020.)
(𝜑𝐴 ∈ ℝ)    &   (𝜑𝐴 # 0)    &   (𝜑𝑁 ∈ ℤ)       (𝜑 → (𝐴𝑁) ∈ ℝ)
 
Theoremresqcld 9406 Closure of square in reals. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 28-May-2016.)
(𝜑𝐴 ∈ ℝ)       (𝜑 → (𝐴↑2) ∈ ℝ)
 
Theoremsqge0d 9407 A square of a real is nonnegative. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 28-May-2016.)
(𝜑𝐴 ∈ ℝ)       (𝜑 → 0 ≤ (𝐴↑2))
 
Theoremsqgt0apd 9408 The square of a real apart from zero is positive. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 13-Jun-2020.)
(𝜑𝐴 ∈ ℝ)    &   (𝜑𝐴 # 0)       (𝜑 → 0 < (𝐴↑2))
 
Theoremleexp2ad 9409 Ordering relationship for exponentiation. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 28-May-2016.)
(𝜑𝐴 ∈ ℝ)    &   (𝜑 → 1 ≤ 𝐴)    &   (𝜑𝑁 ∈ (ℤ𝑀))       (𝜑 → (𝐴𝑀) ≤ (𝐴𝑁))
 
Theoremleexp2rd 9410 Ordering relationship for exponentiation. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 28-May-2016.)
(𝜑𝐴 ∈ ℝ)    &   (𝜑𝑀 ∈ ℕ0)    &   (𝜑𝑁 ∈ (ℤ𝑀))    &   (𝜑 → 0 ≤ 𝐴)    &   (𝜑𝐴 ≤ 1)       (𝜑 → (𝐴𝑁) ≤ (𝐴𝑀))
 
Theoremlt2sqd 9411 The square function on nonnegative reals is strictly monotonic. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 28-May-2016.)
(𝜑𝐴 ∈ ℝ)    &   (𝜑𝐵 ∈ ℝ)    &   (𝜑 → 0 ≤ 𝐴)    &   (𝜑 → 0 ≤ 𝐵)       (𝜑 → (𝐴 < 𝐵 ↔ (𝐴↑2) < (𝐵↑2)))
 
Theoremle2sqd 9412 The square function on nonnegative reals is monotonic. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 28-May-2016.)
(𝜑𝐴 ∈ ℝ)    &   (𝜑𝐵 ∈ ℝ)    &   (𝜑 → 0 ≤ 𝐴)    &   (𝜑 → 0 ≤ 𝐵)       (𝜑 → (𝐴𝐵 ↔ (𝐴↑2) ≤ (𝐵↑2)))
 
Theoremsq11d 9413 The square function is one-to-one for nonnegative reals. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 28-May-2016.)
(𝜑𝐴 ∈ ℝ)    &   (𝜑𝐵 ∈ ℝ)    &   (𝜑 → 0 ≤ 𝐴)    &   (𝜑 → 0 ≤ 𝐵)    &   (𝜑 → (𝐴↑2) = (𝐵↑2))       (𝜑𝐴 = 𝐵)
 
Theoremsq11ap 9414 Analogue to sq11 9326 but for apartness. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 12-Aug-2021.)
(((𝐴 ∈ ℝ ∧ 0 ≤ 𝐴) ∧ (𝐵 ∈ ℝ ∧ 0 ≤ 𝐵)) → ((𝐴↑2) # (𝐵↑2) ↔ 𝐴 # 𝐵))
 
3.7  Elementary real and complex functions
 
3.7.1  The "shift" operation
 
Syntaxcshi 9415 Extend class notation with function shifter.
class shift
 
Definitiondf-shft 9416* Define a function shifter. This operation offsets the value argument of a function (ordinarily on a subset of ) and produces a new function on . See shftval 9426 for its value. (Contributed by NM, 20-Jul-2005.)
shift = (𝑓 ∈ V, 𝑥 ∈ ℂ ↦ {⟨𝑦, 𝑧⟩ ∣ (𝑦 ∈ ℂ ∧ (𝑦𝑥)𝑓𝑧)})
 
Theoremshftlem 9417* Two ways to write a shifted set (𝐵 + 𝐴). (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 3-Nov-2013.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐵 ⊆ ℂ) → {𝑥 ∈ ℂ ∣ (𝑥𝐴) ∈ 𝐵} = {𝑥 ∣ ∃𝑦𝐵 𝑥 = (𝑦 + 𝐴)})
 
Theoremshftuz 9418* A shift of the upper integers. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 5-Nov-2013.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℤ) → {𝑥 ∈ ℂ ∣ (𝑥𝐴) ∈ (ℤ𝐵)} = (ℤ‘(𝐵 + 𝐴)))
 
Theoremshftfvalg 9419* The value of the sequence shifter operation is a function on . 𝐴 is ordinarily an integer. (Contributed by NM, 20-Jul-2005.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 3-Nov-2013.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐹𝑉) → (𝐹 shift 𝐴) = {⟨𝑥, 𝑦⟩ ∣ (𝑥 ∈ ℂ ∧ (𝑥𝐴)𝐹𝑦)})
 
Theoremovshftex 9420 Existence of the result of applying shift. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 15-Aug-2021.)
((𝐹𝑉𝐴 ∈ ℂ) → (𝐹 shift 𝐴) ∈ V)
 
Theoremshftfibg 9421 Value of a fiber of the relation 𝐹. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 15-Aug-2021.)
((𝐹𝑉𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℂ) → ((𝐹 shift 𝐴) “ {𝐵}) = (𝐹 “ {(𝐵𝐴)}))
 
Theoremshftfval 9422* The value of the sequence shifter operation is a function on . 𝐴 is ordinarily an integer. (Contributed by NM, 20-Jul-2005.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 3-Nov-2013.)
𝐹 ∈ V       (𝐴 ∈ ℂ → (𝐹 shift 𝐴) = {⟨𝑥, 𝑦⟩ ∣ (𝑥 ∈ ℂ ∧ (𝑥𝐴)𝐹𝑦)})
 
Theoremshftdm 9423* Domain of a relation shifted by 𝐴. The set on the right is more commonly notated as (dom 𝐹 + 𝐴) (meaning add 𝐴 to every element of dom 𝐹). (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 3-Nov-2013.)
𝐹 ∈ V       (𝐴 ∈ ℂ → dom (𝐹 shift 𝐴) = {𝑥 ∈ ℂ ∣ (𝑥𝐴) ∈ dom 𝐹})
 
Theoremshftfib 9424 Value of a fiber of the relation 𝐹. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 4-Nov-2013.)
𝐹 ∈ V       ((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℂ) → ((𝐹 shift 𝐴) “ {𝐵}) = (𝐹 “ {(𝐵𝐴)}))
 
Theoremshftfn 9425* Functionality and domain of a sequence shifted by 𝐴. (Contributed by NM, 20-Jul-2005.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 3-Nov-2013.)
𝐹 ∈ V       ((𝐹 Fn 𝐵𝐴 ∈ ℂ) → (𝐹 shift 𝐴) Fn {𝑥 ∈ ℂ ∣ (𝑥𝐴) ∈ 𝐵})
 
Theoremshftval 9426 Value of a sequence shifted by 𝐴. (Contributed by NM, 20-Jul-2005.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 4-Nov-2013.)
𝐹 ∈ V       ((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℂ) → ((𝐹 shift 𝐴)‘𝐵) = (𝐹‘(𝐵𝐴)))
 
Theoremshftval2 9427 Value of a sequence shifted by 𝐴𝐵. (Contributed by NM, 20-Jul-2005.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 5-Nov-2013.)
𝐹 ∈ V       ((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐶 ∈ ℂ) → ((𝐹 shift (𝐴𝐵))‘(𝐴 + 𝐶)) = (𝐹‘(𝐵 + 𝐶)))
 
Theoremshftval3 9428 Value of a sequence shifted by 𝐴𝐵. (Contributed by NM, 20-Jul-2005.)
𝐹 ∈ V       ((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℂ) → ((𝐹 shift (𝐴𝐵))‘𝐴) = (𝐹𝐵))
 
Theoremshftval4 9429 Value of a sequence shifted by -𝐴. (Contributed by NM, 18-Aug-2005.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 5-Nov-2013.)
𝐹 ∈ V       ((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℂ) → ((𝐹 shift -𝐴)‘𝐵) = (𝐹‘(𝐴 + 𝐵)))
 
Theoremshftval5 9430 Value of a shifted sequence. (Contributed by NM, 19-Aug-2005.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 5-Nov-2013.)
𝐹 ∈ V       ((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℂ) → ((𝐹 shift 𝐴)‘(𝐵 + 𝐴)) = (𝐹𝐵))
 
Theoremshftf 9431* Functionality of a shifted sequence. (Contributed by NM, 19-Aug-2005.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 5-Nov-2013.)
𝐹 ∈ V       ((𝐹:𝐵𝐶𝐴 ∈ ℂ) → (𝐹 shift 𝐴):{𝑥 ∈ ℂ ∣ (𝑥𝐴) ∈ 𝐵}⟶𝐶)
 
Theorem2shfti 9432 Composite shift operations. (Contributed by NM, 19-Aug-2005.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 5-Nov-2013.)
𝐹 ∈ V       ((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℂ) → ((𝐹 shift 𝐴) shift 𝐵) = (𝐹 shift (𝐴 + 𝐵)))
 
Theoremshftidt2 9433 Identity law for the shift operation. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 5-Nov-2013.)
𝐹 ∈ V       (𝐹 shift 0) = (𝐹 ↾ ℂ)
 
Theoremshftidt 9434 Identity law for the shift operation. (Contributed by NM, 19-Aug-2005.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 5-Nov-2013.)
𝐹 ∈ V       (𝐴 ∈ ℂ → ((𝐹 shift 0)‘𝐴) = (𝐹𝐴))
 
Theoremshftcan1 9435 Cancellation law for the shift operation. (Contributed by NM, 4-Aug-2005.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 5-Nov-2013.)
𝐹 ∈ V       ((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℂ) → (((𝐹 shift 𝐴) shift -𝐴)‘𝐵) = (𝐹𝐵))
 
Theoremshftcan2 9436 Cancellation law for the shift operation. (Contributed by NM, 4-Aug-2005.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 5-Nov-2013.)
𝐹 ∈ V       ((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℂ) → (((𝐹 shift -𝐴) shift 𝐴)‘𝐵) = (𝐹𝐵))
 
Theoremshftvalg 9437 Value of a sequence shifted by 𝐴. (Contributed by Scott Fenton, 16-Dec-2017.)
((𝐹𝑉𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℂ) → ((𝐹 shift 𝐴)‘𝐵) = (𝐹‘(𝐵𝐴)))
 
Theoremshftval4g 9438 Value of a sequence shifted by -𝐴. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 19-Aug-2021.)
((𝐹𝑉𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℂ) → ((𝐹 shift -𝐴)‘𝐵) = (𝐹‘(𝐴 + 𝐵)))
 
3.7.2  Real and imaginary parts; conjugate
 
Syntaxccj 9439 Extend class notation to include complex conjugate function.
class
 
Syntaxcre 9440 Extend class notation to include real part of a complex number.
class
 
Syntaxcim 9441 Extend class notation to include imaginary part of a complex number.
class
 
Definitiondf-cj 9442* Define the complex conjugate function. See cjcli 9513 for its closure and cjval 9445 for its value. (Contributed by NM, 9-May-1999.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 6-Nov-2013.)
∗ = (𝑥 ∈ ℂ ↦ (𝑦 ∈ ℂ ((𝑥 + 𝑦) ∈ ℝ ∧ (i · (𝑥𝑦)) ∈ ℝ)))
 
Definitiondf-re 9443 Define a function whose value is the real part of a complex number. See reval 9449 for its value, recli 9511 for its closure, and replim 9459 for its use in decomposing a complex number. (Contributed by NM, 9-May-1999.)
ℜ = (𝑥 ∈ ℂ ↦ ((𝑥 + (∗‘𝑥)) / 2))
 
Definitiondf-im 9444 Define a function whose value is the imaginary part of a complex number. See imval 9450 for its value, imcli 9512 for its closure, and replim 9459 for its use in decomposing a complex number. (Contributed by NM, 9-May-1999.)
ℑ = (𝑥 ∈ ℂ ↦ (ℜ‘(𝑥 / i)))
 
Theoremcjval 9445* The value of the conjugate of a complex number. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 6-Nov-2013.)
(𝐴 ∈ ℂ → (∗‘𝐴) = (𝑥 ∈ ℂ ((𝐴 + 𝑥) ∈ ℝ ∧ (i · (𝐴𝑥)) ∈ ℝ)))
 
Theoremcjth 9446 The defining property of the complex conjugate. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 6-Nov-2013.)
(𝐴 ∈ ℂ → ((𝐴 + (∗‘𝐴)) ∈ ℝ ∧ (i · (𝐴 − (∗‘𝐴))) ∈ ℝ))
 
Theoremcjf 9447 Domain and codomain of the conjugate function. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 6-Nov-2013.)
∗:ℂ⟶ℂ
 
Theoremcjcl 9448 The conjugate of a complex number is a complex number (closure law). (Contributed by NM, 10-May-1999.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 6-Nov-2013.)
(𝐴 ∈ ℂ → (∗‘𝐴) ∈ ℂ)
 
Theoremreval 9449 The value of the real part of a complex number. (Contributed by NM, 9-May-1999.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 6-Nov-2013.)
(𝐴 ∈ ℂ → (ℜ‘𝐴) = ((𝐴 + (∗‘𝐴)) / 2))
 
Theoremimval 9450 The value of the imaginary part of a complex number. (Contributed by NM, 9-May-1999.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 6-Nov-2013.)
(𝐴 ∈ ℂ → (ℑ‘𝐴) = (ℜ‘(𝐴 / i)))
 
Theoremimre 9451 The imaginary part of a complex number in terms of the real part function. (Contributed by NM, 12-May-2005.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 6-Nov-2013.)
(𝐴 ∈ ℂ → (ℑ‘𝐴) = (ℜ‘(-i · 𝐴)))
 
Theoremreim 9452 The real part of a complex number in terms of the imaginary part function. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 31-Mar-2015.)
(𝐴 ∈ ℂ → (ℜ‘𝐴) = (ℑ‘(i · 𝐴)))
 
Theoremrecl 9453 The real part of a complex number is real. (Contributed by NM, 9-May-1999.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 6-Nov-2013.)
(𝐴 ∈ ℂ → (ℜ‘𝐴) ∈ ℝ)
 
Theoremimcl 9454 The imaginary part of a complex number is real. (Contributed by NM, 9-May-1999.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 6-Nov-2013.)
(𝐴 ∈ ℂ → (ℑ‘𝐴) ∈ ℝ)
 
Theoremref 9455 Domain and codomain of the real part function. (Contributed by Paul Chapman, 22-Oct-2007.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 6-Nov-2013.)
ℜ:ℂ⟶ℝ
 
Theoremimf 9456 Domain and codomain of the imaginary part function. (Contributed by Paul Chapman, 22-Oct-2007.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 6-Nov-2013.)
ℑ:ℂ⟶ℝ
 
Theoremcrre 9457 The real part of a complex number representation. Definition 10-3.1 of [Gleason] p. 132. (Contributed by NM, 12-May-2005.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 7-Nov-2013.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℝ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℝ) → (ℜ‘(𝐴 + (i · 𝐵))) = 𝐴)
 
Theoremcrim 9458 The real part of a complex number representation. Definition 10-3.1 of [Gleason] p. 132. (Contributed by NM, 12-May-2005.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 7-Nov-2013.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℝ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℝ) → (ℑ‘(𝐴 + (i · 𝐵))) = 𝐵)
 
Theoremreplim 9459 Reconstruct a complex number from its real and imaginary parts. (Contributed by NM, 10-May-1999.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 7-Nov-2013.)
(𝐴 ∈ ℂ → 𝐴 = ((ℜ‘𝐴) + (i · (ℑ‘𝐴))))
 
Theoremremim 9460 Value of the conjugate of a complex number. The value is the real part minus i times the imaginary part. Definition 10-3.2 of [Gleason] p. 132. (Contributed by NM, 10-May-1999.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 7-Nov-2013.)
(𝐴 ∈ ℂ → (∗‘𝐴) = ((ℜ‘𝐴) − (i · (ℑ‘𝐴))))
 
Theoremreim0 9461 The imaginary part of a real number is 0. (Contributed by NM, 18-Mar-2005.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 7-Nov-2013.)
(𝐴 ∈ ℝ → (ℑ‘𝐴) = 0)
 
Theoremreim0b 9462 A number is real iff its imaginary part is 0. (Contributed by NM, 26-Sep-2005.)
(𝐴 ∈ ℂ → (𝐴 ∈ ℝ ↔ (ℑ‘𝐴) = 0))
 
Theoremrereb 9463 A number is real iff it equals its real part. Proposition 10-3.4(f) of [Gleason] p. 133. (Contributed by NM, 20-Aug-2008.)
(𝐴 ∈ ℂ → (𝐴 ∈ ℝ ↔ (ℜ‘𝐴) = 𝐴))
 
Theoremmulreap 9464 A product with a real multiplier apart from zero is real iff the multiplicand is real. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 14-Jun-2020.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℝ ∧ 𝐵 # 0) → (𝐴 ∈ ℝ ↔ (𝐵 · 𝐴) ∈ ℝ))
 
Theoremrere 9465 A real number equals its real part. One direction of Proposition 10-3.4(f) of [Gleason] p. 133. (Contributed by Paul Chapman, 7-Sep-2007.)
(𝐴 ∈ ℝ → (ℜ‘𝐴) = 𝐴)
 
Theoremcjreb 9466 A number is real iff it equals its complex conjugate. Proposition 10-3.4(f) of [Gleason] p. 133. (Contributed by NM, 2-Jul-2005.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 14-Jul-2014.)
(𝐴 ∈ ℂ → (𝐴 ∈ ℝ ↔ (∗‘𝐴) = 𝐴))
 
Theoremrecj 9467 Real part of a complex conjugate. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 14-Jul-2014.)
(𝐴 ∈ ℂ → (ℜ‘(∗‘𝐴)) = (ℜ‘𝐴))
 
Theoremreneg 9468 Real part of negative. (Contributed by NM, 17-Mar-2005.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 14-Jul-2014.)
(𝐴 ∈ ℂ → (ℜ‘-𝐴) = -(ℜ‘𝐴))
 
Theoremreadd 9469 Real part distributes over addition. (Contributed by NM, 17-Mar-2005.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 14-Jul-2014.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℂ) → (ℜ‘(𝐴 + 𝐵)) = ((ℜ‘𝐴) + (ℜ‘𝐵)))
 
Theoremresub 9470 Real part distributes over subtraction. (Contributed by NM, 17-Mar-2005.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℂ) → (ℜ‘(𝐴𝐵)) = ((ℜ‘𝐴) − (ℜ‘𝐵)))
 
Theoremremullem 9471 Lemma for remul 9472, immul 9479, and cjmul 9485. (Contributed by NM, 28-Jul-1999.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 14-Jul-2014.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℂ) → ((ℜ‘(𝐴 · 𝐵)) = (((ℜ‘𝐴) · (ℜ‘𝐵)) − ((ℑ‘𝐴) · (ℑ‘𝐵))) ∧ (ℑ‘(𝐴 · 𝐵)) = (((ℜ‘𝐴) · (ℑ‘𝐵)) + ((ℑ‘𝐴) · (ℜ‘𝐵))) ∧ (∗‘(𝐴 · 𝐵)) = ((∗‘𝐴) · (∗‘𝐵))))
 
Theoremremul 9472 Real part of a product. (Contributed by NM, 28-Jul-1999.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 14-Jul-2014.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℂ) → (ℜ‘(𝐴 · 𝐵)) = (((ℜ‘𝐴) · (ℜ‘𝐵)) − ((ℑ‘𝐴) · (ℑ‘𝐵))))
 
Theoremremul2 9473 Real part of a product. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 2-Aug-2014.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℝ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℂ) → (ℜ‘(𝐴 · 𝐵)) = (𝐴 · (ℜ‘𝐵)))
 
Theoremredivap 9474 Real part of a division. Related to remul2 9473. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 14-Jun-2020.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℝ ∧ 𝐵 # 0) → (ℜ‘(𝐴 / 𝐵)) = ((ℜ‘𝐴) / 𝐵))
 
Theoremimcj 9475 Imaginary part of a complex conjugate. (Contributed by NM, 18-Mar-2005.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 14-Jul-2014.)
(𝐴 ∈ ℂ → (ℑ‘(∗‘𝐴)) = -(ℑ‘𝐴))
 
Theoremimneg 9476 The imaginary part of a negative number. (Contributed by NM, 18-Mar-2005.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 14-Jul-2014.)
(𝐴 ∈ ℂ → (ℑ‘-𝐴) = -(ℑ‘𝐴))
 
Theoremimadd 9477 Imaginary part distributes over addition. (Contributed by NM, 18-Mar-2005.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 14-Jul-2014.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℂ) → (ℑ‘(𝐴 + 𝐵)) = ((ℑ‘𝐴) + (ℑ‘𝐵)))
 
Theoremimsub 9478 Imaginary part distributes over subtraction. (Contributed by NM, 18-Mar-2005.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℂ) → (ℑ‘(𝐴𝐵)) = ((ℑ‘𝐴) − (ℑ‘𝐵)))
 
Theoremimmul 9479 Imaginary part of a product. (Contributed by NM, 28-Jul-1999.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 14-Jul-2014.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℂ) → (ℑ‘(𝐴 · 𝐵)) = (((ℜ‘𝐴) · (ℑ‘𝐵)) + ((ℑ‘𝐴) · (ℜ‘𝐵))))
 
Theoremimmul2 9480 Imaginary part of a product. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 2-Aug-2014.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℝ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℂ) → (ℑ‘(𝐴 · 𝐵)) = (𝐴 · (ℑ‘𝐵)))
 
Theoremimdivap 9481 Imaginary part of a division. Related to immul2 9480. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 14-Jun-2020.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℝ ∧ 𝐵 # 0) → (ℑ‘(𝐴 / 𝐵)) = ((ℑ‘𝐴) / 𝐵))
 
Theoremcjre 9482 A real number equals its complex conjugate. Proposition 10-3.4(f) of [Gleason] p. 133. (Contributed by NM, 8-Oct-1999.)
(𝐴 ∈ ℝ → (∗‘𝐴) = 𝐴)
 
Theoremcjcj 9483 The conjugate of the conjugate is the original complex number. Proposition 10-3.4(e) of [Gleason] p. 133. (Contributed by NM, 29-Jul-1999.) (Proof shortened by Mario Carneiro, 14-Jul-2014.)
(𝐴 ∈ ℂ → (∗‘(∗‘𝐴)) = 𝐴)
 
Theoremcjadd 9484 Complex conjugate distributes over addition. Proposition 10-3.4(a) of [Gleason] p. 133. (Contributed by NM, 31-Jul-1999.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 14-Jul-2014.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℂ) → (∗‘(𝐴 + 𝐵)) = ((∗‘𝐴) + (∗‘𝐵)))
 
Theoremcjmul 9485 Complex conjugate distributes over multiplication. Proposition 10-3.4(c) of [Gleason] p. 133. (Contributed by NM, 29-Jul-1999.) (Proof shortened by Mario Carneiro, 14-Jul-2014.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℂ) → (∗‘(𝐴 · 𝐵)) = ((∗‘𝐴) · (∗‘𝐵)))
 
Theoremipcnval 9486 Standard inner product on complex numbers. (Contributed by NM, 29-Jul-1999.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 14-Jul-2014.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℂ) → (ℜ‘(𝐴 · (∗‘𝐵))) = (((ℜ‘𝐴) · (ℜ‘𝐵)) + ((ℑ‘𝐴) · (ℑ‘𝐵))))
 
Theoremcjmulrcl 9487 A complex number times its conjugate is real. (Contributed by NM, 26-Mar-2005.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 14-Jul-2014.)
(𝐴 ∈ ℂ → (𝐴 · (∗‘𝐴)) ∈ ℝ)
 
Theoremcjmulval 9488 A complex number times its conjugate. (Contributed by NM, 1-Feb-2007.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 14-Jul-2014.)
(𝐴 ∈ ℂ → (𝐴 · (∗‘𝐴)) = (((ℜ‘𝐴)↑2) + ((ℑ‘𝐴)↑2)))
 
Theoremcjmulge0 9489 A complex number times its conjugate is nonnegative. (Contributed by NM, 26-Mar-2005.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 14-Jul-2014.)
(𝐴 ∈ ℂ → 0 ≤ (𝐴 · (∗‘𝐴)))
 
Theoremcjneg 9490 Complex conjugate of negative. (Contributed by NM, 27-Feb-2005.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 14-Jul-2014.)
(𝐴 ∈ ℂ → (∗‘-𝐴) = -(∗‘𝐴))
 
Theoremaddcj 9491 A number plus its conjugate is twice its real part. Compare Proposition 10-3.4(h) of [Gleason] p. 133. (Contributed by NM, 21-Jan-2007.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 14-Jul-2014.)
(𝐴 ∈ ℂ → (𝐴 + (∗‘𝐴)) = (2 · (ℜ‘𝐴)))
 
Theoremcjsub 9492 Complex conjugate distributes over subtraction. (Contributed by NM, 28-Apr-2005.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℂ) → (∗‘(𝐴𝐵)) = ((∗‘𝐴) − (∗‘𝐵)))
 
Theoremcjexp 9493 Complex conjugate of positive integer exponentiation. (Contributed by NM, 7-Jun-2006.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℕ0) → (∗‘(𝐴𝑁)) = ((∗‘𝐴)↑𝑁))
 
Theoremimval2 9494 The imaginary part of a number in terms of complex conjugate. (Contributed by NM, 30-Apr-2005.)
(𝐴 ∈ ℂ → (ℑ‘𝐴) = ((𝐴 − (∗‘𝐴)) / (2 · i)))
 
Theoremre0 9495 The real part of zero. (Contributed by NM, 27-Jul-1999.)
(ℜ‘0) = 0
 
Theoremim0 9496 The imaginary part of zero. (Contributed by NM, 27-Jul-1999.)
(ℑ‘0) = 0
 
Theoremre1 9497 The real part of one. (Contributed by Scott Fenton, 9-Jun-2006.)
(ℜ‘1) = 1
 
Theoremim1 9498 The imaginary part of one. (Contributed by Scott Fenton, 9-Jun-2006.)
(ℑ‘1) = 0
 
Theoremrei 9499 The real part of i. (Contributed by Scott Fenton, 9-Jun-2006.)
(ℜ‘i) = 0
 
Theoremimi 9500 The imaginary part of i. (Contributed by Scott Fenton, 9-Jun-2006.)
(ℑ‘i) = 1
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