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Theorem phpm 6290
Description: Pigeonhole Principle. A natural number is not equinumerous to a proper subset of itself. By "proper subset" here we mean that there is an element which is in the natural number and not in the subset, or in symbols 𝑥𝑥 ∈ (𝐴𝐵) (which is stronger than not being equal in the absence of excluded middle). Theorem (Pigeonhole Principle) of [Enderton] p. 134. The theorem is so-called because you can't put n + 1 pigeons into n holes (if each hole holds only one pigeon). The proof consists of lemmas phplem1 6278 through phplem4 6281, nneneq 6283, and this final piece of the proof. (Contributed by NM, 29-May-1998.)
Assertion
Ref Expression
phpm ((𝐴 ∈ ω ∧ 𝐵𝐴 ∧ ∃𝑥 𝑥 ∈ (𝐴𝐵)) → ¬ 𝐴𝐵)
Distinct variable groups:   𝑥,𝐴   𝑥,𝐵

Proof of Theorem phpm
Dummy variable 𝑦 is distinct from all other variables.
StepHypRef Expression
1 simpr 103 . . . . . 6 ((((𝐴 ∈ ω ∧ 𝐵𝐴) ∧ 𝑥 ∈ (𝐴𝐵)) ∧ 𝐴 = ∅) → 𝐴 = ∅)
2 eldifi 3063 . . . . . . . . 9 (𝑥 ∈ (𝐴𝐵) → 𝑥𝐴)
3 ne0i 3227 . . . . . . . . 9 (𝑥𝐴𝐴 ≠ ∅)
42, 3syl 14 . . . . . . . 8 (𝑥 ∈ (𝐴𝐵) → 𝐴 ≠ ∅)
54neneqd 2224 . . . . . . 7 (𝑥 ∈ (𝐴𝐵) → ¬ 𝐴 = ∅)
65ad2antlr 458 . . . . . 6 ((((𝐴 ∈ ω ∧ 𝐵𝐴) ∧ 𝑥 ∈ (𝐴𝐵)) ∧ 𝐴 = ∅) → ¬ 𝐴 = ∅)
71, 6pm2.21dd 550 . . . . 5 ((((𝐴 ∈ ω ∧ 𝐵𝐴) ∧ 𝑥 ∈ (𝐴𝐵)) ∧ 𝐴 = ∅) → ¬ 𝐴𝐵)
8 php5dom 6288 . . . . . . . . . 10 (𝑦 ∈ ω → ¬ suc 𝑦𝑦)
98ad2antlr 458 . . . . . . . . 9 (((((𝐴 ∈ ω ∧ 𝐵𝐴) ∧ 𝑥 ∈ (𝐴𝐵)) ∧ 𝑦 ∈ ω) ∧ 𝐴 = suc 𝑦) → ¬ suc 𝑦𝑦)
10 simplr 482 . . . . . . . . . 10 ((((((𝐴 ∈ ω ∧ 𝐵𝐴) ∧ 𝑥 ∈ (𝐴𝐵)) ∧ 𝑦 ∈ ω) ∧ 𝐴 = suc 𝑦) ∧ 𝐴𝐵) → 𝐴 = suc 𝑦)
11 simpr 103 . . . . . . . . . . 11 ((((((𝐴 ∈ ω ∧ 𝐵𝐴) ∧ 𝑥 ∈ (𝐴𝐵)) ∧ 𝑦 ∈ ω) ∧ 𝐴 = suc 𝑦) ∧ 𝐴𝐵) → 𝐴𝐵)
12 vex 2557 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16 𝑦 ∈ V
1312sucex 4197 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 suc 𝑦 ∈ V
14 difss 3067 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 (suc 𝑦 ∖ {𝑥}) ⊆ suc 𝑦
1513, 14ssexi 3892 . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 (suc 𝑦 ∖ {𝑥}) ∈ V
16 eldifn 3064 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16 (𝑥 ∈ (𝐴𝐵) → ¬ 𝑥𝐵)
1716ad3antlr 462 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 (((((𝐴 ∈ ω ∧ 𝐵𝐴) ∧ 𝑥 ∈ (𝐴𝐵)) ∧ 𝑦 ∈ ω) ∧ 𝐴 = suc 𝑦) → ¬ 𝑥𝐵)
18 simpllr 486 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 ((((𝐴 ∈ ω ∧ 𝐵𝐴) ∧ 𝑥 ∈ (𝐴𝐵)) ∧ 𝑦 ∈ ω) → 𝐵𝐴)
1918adantr 261 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16 (((((𝐴 ∈ ω ∧ 𝐵𝐴) ∧ 𝑥 ∈ (𝐴𝐵)) ∧ 𝑦 ∈ ω) ∧ 𝐴 = suc 𝑦) → 𝐵𝐴)
20 simpr 103 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16 (((((𝐴 ∈ ω ∧ 𝐵𝐴) ∧ 𝑥 ∈ (𝐴𝐵)) ∧ 𝑦 ∈ ω) ∧ 𝐴 = suc 𝑦) → 𝐴 = suc 𝑦)
2119, 20sseqtrd 2978 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 (((((𝐴 ∈ ω ∧ 𝐵𝐴) ∧ 𝑥 ∈ (𝐴𝐵)) ∧ 𝑦 ∈ ω) ∧ 𝐴 = suc 𝑦) → 𝐵 ⊆ suc 𝑦)
22 ssdif 3075 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16 (𝐵 ⊆ suc 𝑦 → (𝐵 ∖ {𝑥}) ⊆ (suc 𝑦 ∖ {𝑥}))
23 disjsn 3429 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 ((𝐵 ∩ {𝑥}) = ∅ ↔ ¬ 𝑥𝐵)
24 disj3 3269 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 ((𝐵 ∩ {𝑥}) = ∅ ↔ 𝐵 = (𝐵 ∖ {𝑥}))
2523, 24bitr3i 175 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 𝑥𝐵𝐵 = (𝐵 ∖ {𝑥}))
26 sseq1 2963 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 (𝐵 = (𝐵 ∖ {𝑥}) → (𝐵 ⊆ (suc 𝑦 ∖ {𝑥}) ↔ (𝐵 ∖ {𝑥}) ⊆ (suc 𝑦 ∖ {𝑥})))
2725, 26sylbi 114 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16 𝑥𝐵 → (𝐵 ⊆ (suc 𝑦 ∖ {𝑥}) ↔ (𝐵 ∖ {𝑥}) ⊆ (suc 𝑦 ∖ {𝑥})))
2822, 27syl5ibr 145 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 𝑥𝐵 → (𝐵 ⊆ suc 𝑦𝐵 ⊆ (suc 𝑦 ∖ {𝑥})))
2917, 21, 28sylc 56 . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 (((((𝐴 ∈ ω ∧ 𝐵𝐴) ∧ 𝑥 ∈ (𝐴𝐵)) ∧ 𝑦 ∈ ω) ∧ 𝐴 = suc 𝑦) → 𝐵 ⊆ (suc 𝑦 ∖ {𝑥}))
30 ssdomg 6221 . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 ((suc 𝑦 ∖ {𝑥}) ∈ V → (𝐵 ⊆ (suc 𝑦 ∖ {𝑥}) → 𝐵 ≼ (suc 𝑦 ∖ {𝑥})))
3115, 29, 30mpsyl 59 . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 (((((𝐴 ∈ ω ∧ 𝐵𝐴) ∧ 𝑥 ∈ (𝐴𝐵)) ∧ 𝑦 ∈ ω) ∧ 𝐴 = suc 𝑦) → 𝐵 ≼ (suc 𝑦 ∖ {𝑥}))
32 simplr 482 . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 (((((𝐴 ∈ ω ∧ 𝐵𝐴) ∧ 𝑥 ∈ (𝐴𝐵)) ∧ 𝑦 ∈ ω) ∧ 𝐴 = suc 𝑦) → 𝑦 ∈ ω)
332ad3antlr 462 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 (((((𝐴 ∈ ω ∧ 𝐵𝐴) ∧ 𝑥 ∈ (𝐴𝐵)) ∧ 𝑦 ∈ ω) ∧ 𝐴 = suc 𝑦) → 𝑥𝐴)
3433, 20eleqtrd 2116 . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 (((((𝐴 ∈ ω ∧ 𝐵𝐴) ∧ 𝑥 ∈ (𝐴𝐵)) ∧ 𝑦 ∈ ω) ∧ 𝐴 = suc 𝑦) → 𝑥 ∈ suc 𝑦)
35 phplem3g 6282 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 ((𝑦 ∈ ω ∧ 𝑥 ∈ suc 𝑦) → 𝑦 ≈ (suc 𝑦 ∖ {𝑥}))
3635ensymd 6226 . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 ((𝑦 ∈ ω ∧ 𝑥 ∈ suc 𝑦) → (suc 𝑦 ∖ {𝑥}) ≈ 𝑦)
3732, 34, 36syl2anc 391 . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 (((((𝐴 ∈ ω ∧ 𝐵𝐴) ∧ 𝑥 ∈ (𝐴𝐵)) ∧ 𝑦 ∈ ω) ∧ 𝐴 = suc 𝑦) → (suc 𝑦 ∖ {𝑥}) ≈ 𝑦)
38 domentr 6234 . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 ((𝐵 ≼ (suc 𝑦 ∖ {𝑥}) ∧ (suc 𝑦 ∖ {𝑥}) ≈ 𝑦) → 𝐵𝑦)
3931, 37, 38syl2anc 391 . . . . . . . . . . . 12 (((((𝐴 ∈ ω ∧ 𝐵𝐴) ∧ 𝑥 ∈ (𝐴𝐵)) ∧ 𝑦 ∈ ω) ∧ 𝐴 = suc 𝑦) → 𝐵𝑦)
4039adantr 261 . . . . . . . . . . 11 ((((((𝐴 ∈ ω ∧ 𝐵𝐴) ∧ 𝑥 ∈ (𝐴𝐵)) ∧ 𝑦 ∈ ω) ∧ 𝐴 = suc 𝑦) ∧ 𝐴𝐵) → 𝐵𝑦)
41 endomtr 6233 . . . . . . . . . . 11 ((𝐴𝐵𝐵𝑦) → 𝐴𝑦)
4211, 40, 41syl2anc 391 . . . . . . . . . 10 ((((((𝐴 ∈ ω ∧ 𝐵𝐴) ∧ 𝑥 ∈ (𝐴𝐵)) ∧ 𝑦 ∈ ω) ∧ 𝐴 = suc 𝑦) ∧ 𝐴𝐵) → 𝐴𝑦)
4310, 42eqbrtrrd 3783 . . . . . . . . 9 ((((((𝐴 ∈ ω ∧ 𝐵𝐴) ∧ 𝑥 ∈ (𝐴𝐵)) ∧ 𝑦 ∈ ω) ∧ 𝐴 = suc 𝑦) ∧ 𝐴𝐵) → suc 𝑦𝑦)
449, 43mtand 591 . . . . . . . 8 (((((𝐴 ∈ ω ∧ 𝐵𝐴) ∧ 𝑥 ∈ (𝐴𝐵)) ∧ 𝑦 ∈ ω) ∧ 𝐴 = suc 𝑦) → ¬ 𝐴𝐵)
4544ex 108 . . . . . . 7 ((((𝐴 ∈ ω ∧ 𝐵𝐴) ∧ 𝑥 ∈ (𝐴𝐵)) ∧ 𝑦 ∈ ω) → (𝐴 = suc 𝑦 → ¬ 𝐴𝐵))
4645rexlimdva 2430 . . . . . 6 (((𝐴 ∈ ω ∧ 𝐵𝐴) ∧ 𝑥 ∈ (𝐴𝐵)) → (∃𝑦 ∈ ω 𝐴 = suc 𝑦 → ¬ 𝐴𝐵))
4746imp 115 . . . . 5 ((((𝐴 ∈ ω ∧ 𝐵𝐴) ∧ 𝑥 ∈ (𝐴𝐵)) ∧ ∃𝑦 ∈ ω 𝐴 = suc 𝑦) → ¬ 𝐴𝐵)
48 nn0suc 4290 . . . . . 6 (𝐴 ∈ ω → (𝐴 = ∅ ∨ ∃𝑦 ∈ ω 𝐴 = suc 𝑦))
4948ad2antrr 457 . . . . 5 (((𝐴 ∈ ω ∧ 𝐵𝐴) ∧ 𝑥 ∈ (𝐴𝐵)) → (𝐴 = ∅ ∨ ∃𝑦 ∈ ω 𝐴 = suc 𝑦))
507, 47, 49mpjaodan 711 . . . 4 (((𝐴 ∈ ω ∧ 𝐵𝐴) ∧ 𝑥 ∈ (𝐴𝐵)) → ¬ 𝐴𝐵)
5150ex 108 . . 3 ((𝐴 ∈ ω ∧ 𝐵𝐴) → (𝑥 ∈ (𝐴𝐵) → ¬ 𝐴𝐵))
5251exlimdv 1700 . 2 ((𝐴 ∈ ω ∧ 𝐵𝐴) → (∃𝑥 𝑥 ∈ (𝐴𝐵) → ¬ 𝐴𝐵))
53523impia 1101 1 ((𝐴 ∈ ω ∧ 𝐵𝐴 ∧ ∃𝑥 𝑥 ∈ (𝐴𝐵)) → ¬ 𝐴𝐵)
Colors of variables: wff set class
Syntax hints:  ¬ wn 3  wi 4  wa 97  wb 98  wo 629  w3a 885   = wceq 1243  wex 1381  wcel 1393  wne 2204  wrex 2304  Vcvv 2554  cdif 2911  cin 2913  wss 2914  c0 3221  {csn 3372   class class class wbr 3761  suc csuc 4074  ωcom 4276  cen 6182  cdom 6183
This theorem was proved from axioms:  ax-1 5  ax-2 6  ax-mp 7  ax-ia1 99  ax-ia2 100  ax-ia3 101  ax-in1 544  ax-in2 545  ax-io 630  ax-5 1336  ax-7 1337  ax-gen 1338  ax-ie1 1382  ax-ie2 1383  ax-8 1395  ax-10 1396  ax-11 1397  ax-i12 1398  ax-bndl 1399  ax-4 1400  ax-13 1404  ax-14 1405  ax-17 1419  ax-i9 1423  ax-ial 1427  ax-i5r 1428  ax-ext 2022  ax-sep 3872  ax-nul 3880  ax-pow 3924  ax-pr 3941  ax-un 4142  ax-setind 4232  ax-iinf 4274
This theorem depends on definitions:  df-bi 110  df-dc 743  df-3or 886  df-3an 887  df-tru 1246  df-fal 1249  df-nf 1350  df-sb 1646  df-eu 1903  df-mo 1904  df-clab 2027  df-cleq 2033  df-clel 2036  df-nfc 2167  df-ne 2206  df-ral 2308  df-rex 2309  df-rab 2312  df-v 2556  df-sbc 2762  df-dif 2917  df-un 2919  df-in 2921  df-ss 2928  df-nul 3222  df-pw 3358  df-sn 3378  df-pr 3379  df-op 3381  df-uni 3578  df-int 3613  df-br 3762  df-opab 3816  df-tr 3852  df-id 4027  df-iord 4075  df-on 4077  df-suc 4080  df-iom 4277  df-xp 4314  df-rel 4315  df-cnv 4316  df-co 4317  df-dm 4318  df-rn 4319  df-res 4320  df-ima 4321  df-iota 4830  df-fun 4867  df-fn 4868  df-f 4869  df-f1 4870  df-fo 4871  df-f1o 4872  df-fv 4873  df-er 6069  df-en 6185  df-dom 6186
This theorem is referenced by:  phpelm  6291
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