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Theorem regexmid 4231
Description: The axiom of foundation implies excluded middle.

By foundation (or regularity), we mean the principle that every inhabited set has an element which is minimal (when arranged by ). The statement of foundation here is taken from Metamath Proof Explorer's ax-reg, and is identical (modulo one unnecessary quantifier) to the statement of foundation in Theorem "Foundation implies instances of EM" of [Crosilla], p. "Set-theoretic principles incompatible with intuitionistic logic".

For this reason, IZF does not adopt foundation as an axiom and instead replaces it with ax-setind 4232. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 3-Sep-2019.)

Hypothesis
Ref Expression
regexmid.1 (∃𝑦 𝑦𝑥 → ∃𝑦(𝑦𝑥 ∧ ∀𝑧(𝑧𝑦 → ¬ 𝑧𝑥)))
Assertion
Ref Expression
regexmid (𝜑 ∨ ¬ 𝜑)
Distinct variable group:   𝜑,𝑥,𝑦,𝑧

Proof of Theorem regexmid
Dummy variable 𝑤 is distinct from all other variables.
StepHypRef Expression
1 eqid 2040 . . 3 {𝑤 ∈ {∅, {∅}} ∣ (𝑤 = {∅} ∨ (𝑤 = ∅ ∧ 𝜑))} = {𝑤 ∈ {∅, {∅}} ∣ (𝑤 = {∅} ∨ (𝑤 = ∅ ∧ 𝜑))}
21regexmidlemm 4229 . 2 𝑦 𝑦 ∈ {𝑤 ∈ {∅, {∅}} ∣ (𝑤 = {∅} ∨ (𝑤 = ∅ ∧ 𝜑))}
3 pp0ex 3937 . . . 4 {∅, {∅}} ∈ V
43rabex 3898 . . 3 {𝑤 ∈ {∅, {∅}} ∣ (𝑤 = {∅} ∨ (𝑤 = ∅ ∧ 𝜑))} ∈ V
5 eleq2 2101 . . . . 5 (𝑥 = {𝑤 ∈ {∅, {∅}} ∣ (𝑤 = {∅} ∨ (𝑤 = ∅ ∧ 𝜑))} → (𝑦𝑥𝑦 ∈ {𝑤 ∈ {∅, {∅}} ∣ (𝑤 = {∅} ∨ (𝑤 = ∅ ∧ 𝜑))}))
65exbidv 1706 . . . 4 (𝑥 = {𝑤 ∈ {∅, {∅}} ∣ (𝑤 = {∅} ∨ (𝑤 = ∅ ∧ 𝜑))} → (∃𝑦 𝑦𝑥 ↔ ∃𝑦 𝑦 ∈ {𝑤 ∈ {∅, {∅}} ∣ (𝑤 = {∅} ∨ (𝑤 = ∅ ∧ 𝜑))}))
7 eleq2 2101 . . . . . . . . 9 (𝑥 = {𝑤 ∈ {∅, {∅}} ∣ (𝑤 = {∅} ∨ (𝑤 = ∅ ∧ 𝜑))} → (𝑧𝑥𝑧 ∈ {𝑤 ∈ {∅, {∅}} ∣ (𝑤 = {∅} ∨ (𝑤 = ∅ ∧ 𝜑))}))
87notbid 592 . . . . . . . 8 (𝑥 = {𝑤 ∈ {∅, {∅}} ∣ (𝑤 = {∅} ∨ (𝑤 = ∅ ∧ 𝜑))} → (¬ 𝑧𝑥 ↔ ¬ 𝑧 ∈ {𝑤 ∈ {∅, {∅}} ∣ (𝑤 = {∅} ∨ (𝑤 = ∅ ∧ 𝜑))}))
98imbi2d 219 . . . . . . 7 (𝑥 = {𝑤 ∈ {∅, {∅}} ∣ (𝑤 = {∅} ∨ (𝑤 = ∅ ∧ 𝜑))} → ((𝑧𝑦 → ¬ 𝑧𝑥) ↔ (𝑧𝑦 → ¬ 𝑧 ∈ {𝑤 ∈ {∅, {∅}} ∣ (𝑤 = {∅} ∨ (𝑤 = ∅ ∧ 𝜑))})))
109albidv 1705 . . . . . 6 (𝑥 = {𝑤 ∈ {∅, {∅}} ∣ (𝑤 = {∅} ∨ (𝑤 = ∅ ∧ 𝜑))} → (∀𝑧(𝑧𝑦 → ¬ 𝑧𝑥) ↔ ∀𝑧(𝑧𝑦 → ¬ 𝑧 ∈ {𝑤 ∈ {∅, {∅}} ∣ (𝑤 = {∅} ∨ (𝑤 = ∅ ∧ 𝜑))})))
115, 10anbi12d 442 . . . . 5 (𝑥 = {𝑤 ∈ {∅, {∅}} ∣ (𝑤 = {∅} ∨ (𝑤 = ∅ ∧ 𝜑))} → ((𝑦𝑥 ∧ ∀𝑧(𝑧𝑦 → ¬ 𝑧𝑥)) ↔ (𝑦 ∈ {𝑤 ∈ {∅, {∅}} ∣ (𝑤 = {∅} ∨ (𝑤 = ∅ ∧ 𝜑))} ∧ ∀𝑧(𝑧𝑦 → ¬ 𝑧 ∈ {𝑤 ∈ {∅, {∅}} ∣ (𝑤 = {∅} ∨ (𝑤 = ∅ ∧ 𝜑))}))))
1211exbidv 1706 . . . 4 (𝑥 = {𝑤 ∈ {∅, {∅}} ∣ (𝑤 = {∅} ∨ (𝑤 = ∅ ∧ 𝜑))} → (∃𝑦(𝑦𝑥 ∧ ∀𝑧(𝑧𝑦 → ¬ 𝑧𝑥)) ↔ ∃𝑦(𝑦 ∈ {𝑤 ∈ {∅, {∅}} ∣ (𝑤 = {∅} ∨ (𝑤 = ∅ ∧ 𝜑))} ∧ ∀𝑧(𝑧𝑦 → ¬ 𝑧 ∈ {𝑤 ∈ {∅, {∅}} ∣ (𝑤 = {∅} ∨ (𝑤 = ∅ ∧ 𝜑))}))))
136, 12imbi12d 223 . . 3 (𝑥 = {𝑤 ∈ {∅, {∅}} ∣ (𝑤 = {∅} ∨ (𝑤 = ∅ ∧ 𝜑))} → ((∃𝑦 𝑦𝑥 → ∃𝑦(𝑦𝑥 ∧ ∀𝑧(𝑧𝑦 → ¬ 𝑧𝑥))) ↔ (∃𝑦 𝑦 ∈ {𝑤 ∈ {∅, {∅}} ∣ (𝑤 = {∅} ∨ (𝑤 = ∅ ∧ 𝜑))} → ∃𝑦(𝑦 ∈ {𝑤 ∈ {∅, {∅}} ∣ (𝑤 = {∅} ∨ (𝑤 = ∅ ∧ 𝜑))} ∧ ∀𝑧(𝑧𝑦 → ¬ 𝑧 ∈ {𝑤 ∈ {∅, {∅}} ∣ (𝑤 = {∅} ∨ (𝑤 = ∅ ∧ 𝜑))})))))
14 regexmid.1 . . 3 (∃𝑦 𝑦𝑥 → ∃𝑦(𝑦𝑥 ∧ ∀𝑧(𝑧𝑦 → ¬ 𝑧𝑥)))
154, 13, 14vtocl 2605 . 2 (∃𝑦 𝑦 ∈ {𝑤 ∈ {∅, {∅}} ∣ (𝑤 = {∅} ∨ (𝑤 = ∅ ∧ 𝜑))} → ∃𝑦(𝑦 ∈ {𝑤 ∈ {∅, {∅}} ∣ (𝑤 = {∅} ∨ (𝑤 = ∅ ∧ 𝜑))} ∧ ∀𝑧(𝑧𝑦 → ¬ 𝑧 ∈ {𝑤 ∈ {∅, {∅}} ∣ (𝑤 = {∅} ∨ (𝑤 = ∅ ∧ 𝜑))})))
161regexmidlem1 4230 . 2 (∃𝑦(𝑦 ∈ {𝑤 ∈ {∅, {∅}} ∣ (𝑤 = {∅} ∨ (𝑤 = ∅ ∧ 𝜑))} ∧ ∀𝑧(𝑧𝑦 → ¬ 𝑧 ∈ {𝑤 ∈ {∅, {∅}} ∣ (𝑤 = {∅} ∨ (𝑤 = ∅ ∧ 𝜑))})) → (𝜑 ∨ ¬ 𝜑))
172, 15, 16mp2b 8 1 (𝜑 ∨ ¬ 𝜑)
Colors of variables: wff set class
Syntax hints:  ¬ wn 3  wi 4  wa 97  wo 629  wal 1241   = wceq 1243  wex 1381  wcel 1393  {crab 2307  c0 3221  {csn 3372  {cpr 3373
This theorem was proved from axioms:  ax-1 5  ax-2 6  ax-mp 7  ax-ia1 99  ax-ia2 100  ax-ia3 101  ax-in1 544  ax-in2 545  ax-io 630  ax-5 1336  ax-7 1337  ax-gen 1338  ax-ie1 1382  ax-ie2 1383  ax-8 1395  ax-10 1396  ax-11 1397  ax-i12 1398  ax-bndl 1399  ax-4 1400  ax-14 1405  ax-17 1419  ax-i9 1423  ax-ial 1427  ax-i5r 1428  ax-ext 2022  ax-sep 3872  ax-nul 3880  ax-pow 3924
This theorem depends on definitions:  df-bi 110  df-tru 1246  df-nf 1350  df-sb 1646  df-clab 2027  df-cleq 2033  df-clel 2036  df-nfc 2167  df-rab 2312  df-v 2556  df-dif 2917  df-un 2919  df-in 2921  df-ss 2928  df-nul 3222  df-pw 3358  df-sn 3378  df-pr 3379
This theorem is referenced by: (None)
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