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Theorem regexmid 4288
Description: The axiom of foundation implies excluded middle.

By foundation (or regularity), we mean the principle that every inhabited set has an element which is minimal (when arranged by ). The statement of foundation here is taken from Metamath Proof Explorer's ax-reg, and is identical (modulo one unnecessary quantifier) to the statement of foundation in Theorem "Foundation implies instances of EM" of [Crosilla], p. "Set-theoretic principles incompatible with intuitionistic logic".

For this reason, IZF does not adopt foundation as an axiom and instead replaces it with ax-setind 4290. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 3-Sep-2019.)

Hypothesis
Ref Expression
regexmid.1 (∃𝑦 𝑦𝑥 → ∃𝑦(𝑦𝑥 ∧ ∀𝑧(𝑧𝑦 → ¬ 𝑧𝑥)))
Assertion
Ref Expression
regexmid (𝜑 ∨ ¬ 𝜑)
Distinct variable group:   𝜑,𝑥,𝑦,𝑧

Proof of Theorem regexmid
Dummy variable 𝑤 is distinct from all other variables.
StepHypRef Expression
1 eqid 2056 . . 3 {𝑤 ∈ {∅, {∅}} ∣ (𝑤 = {∅} ∨ (𝑤 = ∅ ∧ 𝜑))} = {𝑤 ∈ {∅, {∅}} ∣ (𝑤 = {∅} ∨ (𝑤 = ∅ ∧ 𝜑))}
21regexmidlemm 4285 . 2 𝑦 𝑦 ∈ {𝑤 ∈ {∅, {∅}} ∣ (𝑤 = {∅} ∨ (𝑤 = ∅ ∧ 𝜑))}
3 pp0ex 3968 . . . 4 {∅, {∅}} ∈ V
43rabex 3929 . . 3 {𝑤 ∈ {∅, {∅}} ∣ (𝑤 = {∅} ∨ (𝑤 = ∅ ∧ 𝜑))} ∈ V
5 eleq2 2117 . . . . 5 (𝑥 = {𝑤 ∈ {∅, {∅}} ∣ (𝑤 = {∅} ∨ (𝑤 = ∅ ∧ 𝜑))} → (𝑦𝑥𝑦 ∈ {𝑤 ∈ {∅, {∅}} ∣ (𝑤 = {∅} ∨ (𝑤 = ∅ ∧ 𝜑))}))
65exbidv 1722 . . . 4 (𝑥 = {𝑤 ∈ {∅, {∅}} ∣ (𝑤 = {∅} ∨ (𝑤 = ∅ ∧ 𝜑))} → (∃𝑦 𝑦𝑥 ↔ ∃𝑦 𝑦 ∈ {𝑤 ∈ {∅, {∅}} ∣ (𝑤 = {∅} ∨ (𝑤 = ∅ ∧ 𝜑))}))
7 eleq2 2117 . . . . . . . . 9 (𝑥 = {𝑤 ∈ {∅, {∅}} ∣ (𝑤 = {∅} ∨ (𝑤 = ∅ ∧ 𝜑))} → (𝑧𝑥𝑧 ∈ {𝑤 ∈ {∅, {∅}} ∣ (𝑤 = {∅} ∨ (𝑤 = ∅ ∧ 𝜑))}))
87notbid 602 . . . . . . . 8 (𝑥 = {𝑤 ∈ {∅, {∅}} ∣ (𝑤 = {∅} ∨ (𝑤 = ∅ ∧ 𝜑))} → (¬ 𝑧𝑥 ↔ ¬ 𝑧 ∈ {𝑤 ∈ {∅, {∅}} ∣ (𝑤 = {∅} ∨ (𝑤 = ∅ ∧ 𝜑))}))
98imbi2d 223 . . . . . . 7 (𝑥 = {𝑤 ∈ {∅, {∅}} ∣ (𝑤 = {∅} ∨ (𝑤 = ∅ ∧ 𝜑))} → ((𝑧𝑦 → ¬ 𝑧𝑥) ↔ (𝑧𝑦 → ¬ 𝑧 ∈ {𝑤 ∈ {∅, {∅}} ∣ (𝑤 = {∅} ∨ (𝑤 = ∅ ∧ 𝜑))})))
109albidv 1721 . . . . . 6 (𝑥 = {𝑤 ∈ {∅, {∅}} ∣ (𝑤 = {∅} ∨ (𝑤 = ∅ ∧ 𝜑))} → (∀𝑧(𝑧𝑦 → ¬ 𝑧𝑥) ↔ ∀𝑧(𝑧𝑦 → ¬ 𝑧 ∈ {𝑤 ∈ {∅, {∅}} ∣ (𝑤 = {∅} ∨ (𝑤 = ∅ ∧ 𝜑))})))
115, 10anbi12d 450 . . . . 5 (𝑥 = {𝑤 ∈ {∅, {∅}} ∣ (𝑤 = {∅} ∨ (𝑤 = ∅ ∧ 𝜑))} → ((𝑦𝑥 ∧ ∀𝑧(𝑧𝑦 → ¬ 𝑧𝑥)) ↔ (𝑦 ∈ {𝑤 ∈ {∅, {∅}} ∣ (𝑤 = {∅} ∨ (𝑤 = ∅ ∧ 𝜑))} ∧ ∀𝑧(𝑧𝑦 → ¬ 𝑧 ∈ {𝑤 ∈ {∅, {∅}} ∣ (𝑤 = {∅} ∨ (𝑤 = ∅ ∧ 𝜑))}))))
1211exbidv 1722 . . . 4 (𝑥 = {𝑤 ∈ {∅, {∅}} ∣ (𝑤 = {∅} ∨ (𝑤 = ∅ ∧ 𝜑))} → (∃𝑦(𝑦𝑥 ∧ ∀𝑧(𝑧𝑦 → ¬ 𝑧𝑥)) ↔ ∃𝑦(𝑦 ∈ {𝑤 ∈ {∅, {∅}} ∣ (𝑤 = {∅} ∨ (𝑤 = ∅ ∧ 𝜑))} ∧ ∀𝑧(𝑧𝑦 → ¬ 𝑧 ∈ {𝑤 ∈ {∅, {∅}} ∣ (𝑤 = {∅} ∨ (𝑤 = ∅ ∧ 𝜑))}))))
136, 12imbi12d 227 . . 3 (𝑥 = {𝑤 ∈ {∅, {∅}} ∣ (𝑤 = {∅} ∨ (𝑤 = ∅ ∧ 𝜑))} → ((∃𝑦 𝑦𝑥 → ∃𝑦(𝑦𝑥 ∧ ∀𝑧(𝑧𝑦 → ¬ 𝑧𝑥))) ↔ (∃𝑦 𝑦 ∈ {𝑤 ∈ {∅, {∅}} ∣ (𝑤 = {∅} ∨ (𝑤 = ∅ ∧ 𝜑))} → ∃𝑦(𝑦 ∈ {𝑤 ∈ {∅, {∅}} ∣ (𝑤 = {∅} ∨ (𝑤 = ∅ ∧ 𝜑))} ∧ ∀𝑧(𝑧𝑦 → ¬ 𝑧 ∈ {𝑤 ∈ {∅, {∅}} ∣ (𝑤 = {∅} ∨ (𝑤 = ∅ ∧ 𝜑))})))))
14 regexmid.1 . . 3 (∃𝑦 𝑦𝑥 → ∃𝑦(𝑦𝑥 ∧ ∀𝑧(𝑧𝑦 → ¬ 𝑧𝑥)))
154, 13, 14vtocl 2625 . 2 (∃𝑦 𝑦 ∈ {𝑤 ∈ {∅, {∅}} ∣ (𝑤 = {∅} ∨ (𝑤 = ∅ ∧ 𝜑))} → ∃𝑦(𝑦 ∈ {𝑤 ∈ {∅, {∅}} ∣ (𝑤 = {∅} ∨ (𝑤 = ∅ ∧ 𝜑))} ∧ ∀𝑧(𝑧𝑦 → ¬ 𝑧 ∈ {𝑤 ∈ {∅, {∅}} ∣ (𝑤 = {∅} ∨ (𝑤 = ∅ ∧ 𝜑))})))
161regexmidlem1 4286 . 2 (∃𝑦(𝑦 ∈ {𝑤 ∈ {∅, {∅}} ∣ (𝑤 = {∅} ∨ (𝑤 = ∅ ∧ 𝜑))} ∧ ∀𝑧(𝑧𝑦 → ¬ 𝑧 ∈ {𝑤 ∈ {∅, {∅}} ∣ (𝑤 = {∅} ∨ (𝑤 = ∅ ∧ 𝜑))})) → (𝜑 ∨ ¬ 𝜑))
172, 15, 16mp2b 8 1 (𝜑 ∨ ¬ 𝜑)
Colors of variables: wff set class
Syntax hints:  ¬ wn 3  wi 4  wa 101  wo 639  wal 1257   = wceq 1259  wex 1397  wcel 1409  {crab 2327  c0 3252  {csn 3403  {cpr 3404
This theorem was proved from axioms:  ax-1 5  ax-2 6  ax-mp 7  ax-ia1 103  ax-ia2 104  ax-ia3 105  ax-in1 554  ax-in2 555  ax-io 640  ax-5 1352  ax-7 1353  ax-gen 1354  ax-ie1 1398  ax-ie2 1399  ax-8 1411  ax-10 1412  ax-11 1413  ax-i12 1414  ax-bndl 1415  ax-4 1416  ax-14 1421  ax-17 1435  ax-i9 1439  ax-ial 1443  ax-i5r 1444  ax-ext 2038  ax-sep 3903  ax-nul 3911  ax-pow 3955
This theorem depends on definitions:  df-bi 114  df-tru 1262  df-nf 1366  df-sb 1662  df-clab 2043  df-cleq 2049  df-clel 2052  df-nfc 2183  df-rab 2332  df-v 2576  df-dif 2948  df-un 2950  df-in 2952  df-ss 2959  df-nul 3253  df-pw 3389  df-sn 3409  df-pr 3410
This theorem is referenced by: (None)
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