MPE Home Metamath Proof Explorer < Previous   Next >
Nearby theorems
Mirrors  >  Home  >  MPE Home  >  Th. List  >  ax-inf Unicode version

Axiom ax-inf 7293
Description: Axiom of Infinity. An axiom of Zermelo-Fraenkel set theory. This axiom is the gateway to "Cantor's paradise" (an expression coined by Hilbert). It asserts that given a starting set  x, an infinite set  y built from it exists. Although our version is apparently not given in the literature, it is similar to, but slightly shorter than, the Axiom of Infinity in [FreydScedrov] p. 283 (see inf1 7277 and inf2 7278). More standard versions, which essentially state that there exists a set containing all the natural numbers, are shown as zfinf2 7297 and omex 7298 and are based on the (nontrivial) proof of inf3 7290. Our version has the advantage that when expanded to primitives, it has fewer symbols than the standard version ax-inf2 7296. Theorem inf0 7276 shows the reverse derivation of our axiom from a standard one. Theorem inf5 7300 shows a very short way to state this axiom.

The standard version of Infinity ax-inf2 7296 requires this axiom along with Regularity ax-reg 7260 for its derivation (as theorem axinf2 7295 below). In order to more easily identify the normal uses of Regularity, we will usually reference ax-inf2 7296 instead of this one. The derivation of this axiom from ax-inf2 7296 is shown by theorem axinf 7299. (Contributed by NM, 16-Aug-1993.)

Assertion
Ref Expression
ax-inf  |-  E. y
( x  e.  y  /\  A. z ( z  e.  y  ->  E. w ( z  e.  w  /\  w  e.  y ) ) )
Distinct variable group:    x, y, z, w

Detailed syntax breakdown of Axiom ax-inf
StepHypRef Expression
1 vx . . . 4  set  x
2 vy . . . 4  set  y
31, 2wel 1622 . . 3  wff  x  e.  y
4 vz . . . . . 6  set  z
54, 2wel 1622 . . . . 5  wff  z  e.  y
6 vw . . . . . . . 8  set  w
74, 6wel 1622 . . . . . . 7  wff  z  e.  w
86, 2wel 1622 . . . . . . 7  wff  w  e.  y
97, 8wa 360 . . . . . 6  wff  ( z  e.  w  /\  w  e.  y )
109, 6wex 1537 . . . . 5  wff  E. w
( z  e.  w  /\  w  e.  y
)
115, 10wi 6 . . . 4  wff  ( z  e.  y  ->  E. w
( z  e.  w  /\  w  e.  y
) )
1211, 4wal 1532 . . 3  wff  A. z
( z  e.  y  ->  E. w ( z  e.  w  /\  w  e.  y ) )
133, 12wa 360 . 2  wff  ( x  e.  y  /\  A. z ( z  e.  y  ->  E. w
( z  e.  w  /\  w  e.  y
) ) )
1413, 2wex 1537 1  wff  E. y
( x  e.  y  /\  A. z ( z  e.  y  ->  E. w ( z  e.  w  /\  w  e.  y ) ) )
Colors of variables: wff set class
This axiom is referenced by:  zfinf  7294
  Copyright terms: Public domain W3C validator