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Theorem bcval 11311
Description: Value of the binomial coefficient,  N choose  K. Definition of binomial coefficient in [Gleason] p. 295. As suggested by Gleason, we define it to be 0 when  0  <_  K  <_  N does not hold. See bcval2 11312 for the value in the standard domain. (Contributed by NM, 10-Jul-2005.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 7-Nov-2013.)
Assertion
Ref Expression
bcval  |-  ( ( N  e.  NN0  /\  K  e.  ZZ )  ->  ( N  _C  K
)  =  if ( K  e.  ( 0 ... N ) ,  ( ( ! `  N )  /  (
( ! `  ( N  -  K )
)  x.  ( ! `
 K ) ) ) ,  0 ) )
Dummy variables  k  n are mutually distinct and distinct from all other variables.

Proof of Theorem bcval
StepHypRef Expression
1 oveq2 5827 . . . 4  |-  ( n  =  N  ->  (
0 ... n )  =  ( 0 ... N
) )
21eleq2d 2351 . . 3  |-  ( n  =  N  ->  (
k  e.  ( 0 ... n )  <->  k  e.  ( 0 ... N
) ) )
3 fveq2 5485 . . . 4  |-  ( n  =  N  ->  ( ! `  n )  =  ( ! `  N ) )
4 oveq1 5826 . . . . . 6  |-  ( n  =  N  ->  (
n  -  k )  =  ( N  -  k ) )
54fveq2d 5489 . . . . 5  |-  ( n  =  N  ->  ( ! `  ( n  -  k ) )  =  ( ! `  ( N  -  k
) ) )
65oveq1d 5834 . . . 4  |-  ( n  =  N  ->  (
( ! `  (
n  -  k ) )  x.  ( ! `
 k ) )  =  ( ( ! `
 ( N  -  k ) )  x.  ( ! `  k
) ) )
73, 6oveq12d 5837 . . 3  |-  ( n  =  N  ->  (
( ! `  n
)  /  ( ( ! `  ( n  -  k ) )  x.  ( ! `  k ) ) )  =  ( ( ! `
 N )  / 
( ( ! `  ( N  -  k
) )  x.  ( ! `  k )
) ) )
8 eqidd 2285 . . 3  |-  ( n  =  N  ->  0  =  0 )
92, 7, 8ifbieq12d 3588 . 2  |-  ( n  =  N  ->  if ( k  e.  ( 0 ... n ) ,  ( ( ! `
 n )  / 
( ( ! `  ( n  -  k
) )  x.  ( ! `  k )
) ) ,  0 )  =  if ( k  e.  ( 0 ... N ) ,  ( ( ! `  N )  /  (
( ! `  ( N  -  k )
)  x.  ( ! `
 k ) ) ) ,  0 ) )
10 eleq1 2344 . . 3  |-  ( k  =  K  ->  (
k  e.  ( 0 ... N )  <->  K  e.  ( 0 ... N
) ) )
11 oveq2 5827 . . . . . 6  |-  ( k  =  K  ->  ( N  -  k )  =  ( N  -  K ) )
1211fveq2d 5489 . . . . 5  |-  ( k  =  K  ->  ( ! `  ( N  -  k ) )  =  ( ! `  ( N  -  K
) ) )
13 fveq2 5485 . . . . 5  |-  ( k  =  K  ->  ( ! `  k )  =  ( ! `  K ) )
1412, 13oveq12d 5837 . . . 4  |-  ( k  =  K  ->  (
( ! `  ( N  -  k )
)  x.  ( ! `
 k ) )  =  ( ( ! `
 ( N  -  K ) )  x.  ( ! `  K
) ) )
1514oveq2d 5835 . . 3  |-  ( k  =  K  ->  (
( ! `  N
)  /  ( ( ! `  ( N  -  k ) )  x.  ( ! `  k ) ) )  =  ( ( ! `
 N )  / 
( ( ! `  ( N  -  K
) )  x.  ( ! `  K )
) ) )
16 eqidd 2285 . . 3  |-  ( k  =  K  ->  0  =  0 )
1710, 15, 16ifbieq12d 3588 . 2  |-  ( k  =  K  ->  if ( k  e.  ( 0 ... N ) ,  ( ( ! `
 N )  / 
( ( ! `  ( N  -  k
) )  x.  ( ! `  k )
) ) ,  0 )  =  if ( K  e.  ( 0 ... N ) ,  ( ( ! `  N )  /  (
( ! `  ( N  -  K )
)  x.  ( ! `
 K ) ) ) ,  0 ) )
18 df-bc 11310 . 2  |-  _C  =  ( n  e.  NN0 ,  k  e.  ZZ  |->  if ( k  e.  ( 0 ... n ) ,  ( ( ! `
 n )  / 
( ( ! `  ( n  -  k
) )  x.  ( ! `  k )
) ) ,  0 ) )
19 ovex 5844 . . 3  |-  ( ( ! `  N )  /  ( ( ! `
 ( N  -  K ) )  x.  ( ! `  K
) ) )  e. 
_V
20 c0ex 8827 . . 3  |-  0  e.  _V
2119, 20ifex 3624 . 2  |-  if ( K  e.  ( 0 ... N ) ,  ( ( ! `  N )  /  (
( ! `  ( N  -  K )
)  x.  ( ! `
 K ) ) ) ,  0 )  e.  _V
229, 17, 18, 21ovmpt2 5944 1  |-  ( ( N  e.  NN0  /\  K  e.  ZZ )  ->  ( N  _C  K
)  =  if ( K  e.  ( 0 ... N ) ,  ( ( ! `  N )  /  (
( ! `  ( N  -  K )
)  x.  ( ! `
 K ) ) ) ,  0 ) )
Colors of variables: wff set class
Syntax hints:    -> wi 6    /\ wa 360    = wceq 1624    e. wcel 1685   ifcif 3566   ` cfv 5221  (class class class)co 5819   0cc0 8732    x. cmul 8737    - cmin 9032    / cdiv 9418   NN0cn0 9960   ZZcz 10019   ...cfz 10776   !cfa 11282    _C cbc 11309
This theorem is referenced by:  bcval2  11312  bcval3  11313
This theorem was proved from axioms:  ax-1 7  ax-2 8  ax-3 9  ax-mp 10  ax-gen 1534  ax-5 1545  ax-17 1604  ax-9 1637  ax-8 1645  ax-13 1687  ax-14 1689  ax-6 1704  ax-7 1709  ax-11 1716  ax-12 1867  ax-ext 2265  ax-sep 4142  ax-nul 4150  ax-pr 4213  ax-un 4511  ax-1cn 8790  ax-icn 8791  ax-addcl 8792  ax-mulcl 8794  ax-i2m1 8800
This theorem depends on definitions:  df-bi 179  df-or 361  df-an 362  df-3an 938  df-tru 1312  df-ex 1530  df-nf 1533  df-sb 1632  df-eu 2148  df-mo 2149  df-clab 2271  df-cleq 2277  df-clel 2280  df-nfc 2409  df-ne 2449  df-ral 2549  df-rex 2550  df-rab 2553  df-v 2791  df-sbc 2993  df-dif 3156  df-un 3158  df-in 3160  df-ss 3167  df-nul 3457  df-if 3567  df-sn 3647  df-pr 3648  df-op 3650  df-uni 3829  df-br 4025  df-opab 4079  df-id 4308  df-xp 4694  df-rel 4695  df-cnv 4696  df-co 4697  df-dm 4698  df-rn 4699  df-res 4700  df-ima 4701  df-fun 5223  df-fv 5229  df-ov 5822  df-oprab 5823  df-mpt2 5824  df-bc 11310
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