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Theorem isch3 21746
Description: A Hilbert subspace is closed iff it is complete. A complete subspace is one in which every Cauchy sequence of vectors in the subspace converges to a member of the subspace (Definition of complete subspace in [Beran] p. 96). Remark 3.12 of [Beran] p. 107. (Contributed by NM, 24-Dec-2001.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 14-May-2014.) (New usage is discouraged.)
Assertion
Ref Expression
isch3  |-  ( H  e.  CH  <->  ( H  e.  SH  /\  A. f  e.  Cauchy  ( f : NN --> H  ->  E. x  e.  H  f  ~~>v  x ) ) )
Distinct variable group:    x, f, H

Proof of Theorem isch3
StepHypRef Expression
1 isch2 21728 . 2  |-  ( H  e.  CH  <->  ( H  e.  SH  /\  A. f A. x ( ( f : NN --> H  /\  f  ~~>v  x )  ->  x  e.  H )
) )
2 ax-hcompl 21706 . . . . . . . . . 10  |-  ( f  e.  Cauchy  ->  E. x  e.  ~H  f  ~~>v  x )
3 rexex 2573 . . . . . . . . . 10  |-  ( E. x  e.  ~H  f  ~~>v  x  ->  E. x  f  ~~>v  x )
42, 3syl 17 . . . . . . . . 9  |-  ( f  e.  Cauchy  ->  E. x  f  ~~>v  x )
5 19.29 1595 . . . . . . . . 9  |-  ( ( A. x ( ( f : NN --> H  /\  f  ~~>v  x )  ->  x  e.  H )  /\  E. x  f  ~~>v  x )  ->  E. x
( ( ( f : NN --> H  /\  f  ~~>v  x )  ->  x  e.  H )  /\  f  ~~>v  x ) )
64, 5sylan2 462 . . . . . . . 8  |-  ( ( A. x ( ( f : NN --> H  /\  f  ~~>v  x )  ->  x  e.  H )  /\  f  e.  Cauchy )  ->  E. x ( ( ( f : NN --> H  /\  f  ~~>v  x )  ->  x  e.  H )  /\  f  ~~>v  x ) )
7 id 21 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15  |-  ( ( ( f : NN --> H  /\  f  ~~>v  x )  ->  x  e.  H
)  ->  ( (
f : NN --> H  /\  f  ~~>v  x )  ->  x  e.  H )
)
87imp 420 . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14  |-  ( ( ( ( f : NN --> H  /\  f  ~~>v  x )  ->  x  e.  H )  /\  (
f : NN --> H  /\  f  ~~>v  x ) )  ->  x  e.  H
)
98an12s 779 . . . . . . . . . . . . 13  |-  ( ( f : NN --> H  /\  ( ( ( f : NN --> H  /\  f  ~~>v  x )  ->  x  e.  H )  /\  f  ~~>v  x ) )  ->  x  e.  H )
10 simprr 736 . . . . . . . . . . . . 13  |-  ( ( f : NN --> H  /\  ( ( ( f : NN --> H  /\  f  ~~>v  x )  ->  x  e.  H )  /\  f  ~~>v  x ) )  ->  f  ~~>v  x )
119, 10jca 520 . . . . . . . . . . . 12  |-  ( ( f : NN --> H  /\  ( ( ( f : NN --> H  /\  f  ~~>v  x )  ->  x  e.  H )  /\  f  ~~>v  x ) )  ->  ( x  e.  H  /\  f  ~~>v  x ) )
1211ex 425 . . . . . . . . . . 11  |-  ( f : NN --> H  -> 
( ( ( ( f : NN --> H  /\  f  ~~>v  x )  ->  x  e.  H )  /\  f  ~~>v  x )  ->  ( x  e.  H  /\  f  ~~>v  x ) ) )
1312eximdv 2019 . . . . . . . . . 10  |-  ( f : NN --> H  -> 
( E. x ( ( ( f : NN --> H  /\  f  ~~>v  x )  ->  x  e.  H )  /\  f  ~~>v  x )  ->  E. x
( x  e.  H  /\  f  ~~>v  x ) ) )
1413com12 29 . . . . . . . . 9  |-  ( E. x ( ( ( f : NN --> H  /\  f  ~~>v  x )  ->  x  e.  H )  /\  f  ~~>v  x )  ->  ( f : NN --> H  ->  E. x
( x  e.  H  /\  f  ~~>v  x ) ) )
15 df-rex 2521 . . . . . . . . 9  |-  ( E. x  e.  H  f 
~~>v  x  <->  E. x ( x  e.  H  /\  f  ~~>v  x ) )
1614, 15syl6ibr 220 . . . . . . . 8  |-  ( E. x ( ( ( f : NN --> H  /\  f  ~~>v  x )  ->  x  e.  H )  /\  f  ~~>v  x )  ->  ( f : NN --> H  ->  E. x  e.  H  f  ~~>v  x ) )
176, 16syl 17 . . . . . . 7  |-  ( ( A. x ( ( f : NN --> H  /\  f  ~~>v  x )  ->  x  e.  H )  /\  f  e.  Cauchy )  -> 
( f : NN --> H  ->  E. x  e.  H  f  ~~>v  x ) )
1817ex 425 . . . . . 6  |-  ( A. x ( ( f : NN --> H  /\  f  ~~>v  x )  ->  x  e.  H )  ->  ( f  e.  Cauchy  -> 
( f : NN --> H  ->  E. x  e.  H  f  ~~>v  x ) ) )
19 nfv 1629 . . . . . . . 8  |-  F/ x  f  e.  Cauchy
20 nfv 1629 . . . . . . . . 9  |-  F/ x  f : NN --> H
21 nfre1 2570 . . . . . . . . 9  |-  F/ x E. x  e.  H  f  ~~>v  x
2220, 21nfim 1735 . . . . . . . 8  |-  F/ x
( f : NN --> H  ->  E. x  e.  H  f  ~~>v  x )
2319, 22nfim 1735 . . . . . . 7  |-  F/ x
( f  e.  Cauchy  -> 
( f : NN --> H  ->  E. x  e.  H  f  ~~>v  x ) )
24 bi2.04 352 . . . . . . . . 9  |-  ( ( f  e.  Cauchy  ->  (
f : NN --> H  ->  E. x  e.  H  f  ~~>v  x ) )  <-> 
( f : NN --> H  ->  ( f  e. 
Cauchy  ->  E. x  e.  H  f  ~~>v  x ) ) )
25 hlimcaui 21741 . . . . . . . . . . . 12  |-  ( f 
~~>v  x  ->  f  e.  Cauchy )
2625imim1i 56 . . . . . . . . . . 11  |-  ( ( f  e.  Cauchy  ->  E. x  e.  H  f  ~~>v  x )  ->  ( f  ~~>v  x  ->  E. x  e.  H  f  ~~>v  x ) )
27 rexex 2573 . . . . . . . . . . . . 13  |-  ( E. x  e.  H  f 
~~>v  x  ->  E. x  f  ~~>v  x )
28 hlimeui 21745 . . . . . . . . . . . . 13  |-  ( E. x  f  ~~>v  x  <->  E! x  f  ~~>v  x )
2927, 28sylib 190 . . . . . . . . . . . 12  |-  ( E. x  e.  H  f 
~~>v  x  ->  E! x  f  ~~>v  x )
30 exancom 1584 . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14  |-  ( E. x ( x  e.  H  /\  f  ~~>v  x )  <->  E. x ( f 
~~>v  x  /\  x  e.  H ) )
3115, 30bitri 242 . . . . . . . . . . . . 13  |-  ( E. x  e.  H  f 
~~>v  x  <->  E. x ( f 
~~>v  x  /\  x  e.  H ) )
3231biimpi 188 . . . . . . . . . . . 12  |-  ( E. x  e.  H  f 
~~>v  x  ->  E. x
( f  ~~>v  x  /\  x  e.  H )
)
33 eupick 2179 . . . . . . . . . . . 12  |-  ( ( E! x  f  ~~>v  x  /\  E. x ( f  ~~>v  x  /\  x  e.  H ) )  -> 
( f  ~~>v  x  ->  x  e.  H )
)
3429, 32, 33syl2anc 645 . . . . . . . . . . 11  |-  ( E. x  e.  H  f 
~~>v  x  ->  ( f  ~~>v  x  ->  x  e.  H ) )
3526, 34syli 35 . . . . . . . . . 10  |-  ( ( f  e.  Cauchy  ->  E. x  e.  H  f  ~~>v  x )  ->  ( f  ~~>v  x  ->  x  e.  H ) )
3635imim2i 15 . . . . . . . . 9  |-  ( ( f : NN --> H  -> 
( f  e.  Cauchy  ->  E. x  e.  H  f  ~~>v  x ) )  ->  ( f : NN --> H  ->  (
f  ~~>v  x  ->  x  e.  H ) ) )
3724, 36sylbi 189 . . . . . . . 8  |-  ( ( f  e.  Cauchy  ->  (
f : NN --> H  ->  E. x  e.  H  f  ~~>v  x ) )  ->  ( f : NN --> H  ->  (
f  ~~>v  x  ->  x  e.  H ) ) )
3837imp3a 422 . . . . . . 7  |-  ( ( f  e.  Cauchy  ->  (
f : NN --> H  ->  E. x  e.  H  f  ~~>v  x ) )  ->  ( ( f : NN --> H  /\  f  ~~>v  x )  ->  x  e.  H )
)
3923, 38alrimi 1706 . . . . . 6  |-  ( ( f  e.  Cauchy  ->  (
f : NN --> H  ->  E. x  e.  H  f  ~~>v  x ) )  ->  A. x ( ( f : NN --> H  /\  f  ~~>v  x )  ->  x  e.  H )
)
4018, 39impbii 182 . . . . 5  |-  ( A. x ( ( f : NN --> H  /\  f  ~~>v  x )  ->  x  e.  H )  <->  ( f  e.  Cauchy  ->  (
f : NN --> H  ->  E. x  e.  H  f  ~~>v  x ) ) )
4140albii 1554 . . . 4  |-  ( A. f A. x ( ( f : NN --> H  /\  f  ~~>v  x )  ->  x  e.  H )  <->  A. f ( f  e. 
Cauchy  ->  ( f : NN --> H  ->  E. x  e.  H  f  ~~>v  x ) ) )
42 df-ral 2520 . . . 4  |-  ( A. f  e.  Cauchy  ( f : NN --> H  ->  E. x  e.  H  f  ~~>v  x )  <->  A. f
( f  e.  Cauchy  -> 
( f : NN --> H  ->  E. x  e.  H  f  ~~>v  x ) ) )
4341, 42bitr4i 245 . . 3  |-  ( A. f A. x ( ( f : NN --> H  /\  f  ~~>v  x )  ->  x  e.  H )  <->  A. f  e.  Cauchy  ( f : NN --> H  ->  E. x  e.  H  f  ~~>v  x ) )
4443anbi2i 678 . 2  |-  ( ( H  e.  SH  /\  A. f A. x ( ( f : NN --> H  /\  f  ~~>v  x )  ->  x  e.  H
) )  <->  ( H  e.  SH  /\  A. f  e.  Cauchy  ( f : NN --> H  ->  E. x  e.  H  f  ~~>v  x ) ) )
451, 44bitri 242 1  |-  ( H  e.  CH  <->  ( H  e.  SH  /\  A. f  e.  Cauchy  ( f : NN --> H  ->  E. x  e.  H  f  ~~>v  x ) ) )
Colors of variables: wff set class
Syntax hints:    -> wi 6    <-> wb 178    /\ wa 360   A.wal 1532   E.wex 1537    e. wcel 1621   E!weu 2117   A.wral 2516   E.wrex 2517   class class class wbr 3963   -->wf 4634   NNcn 9679   ~Hchil 21424   Cauchyccau 21431    ~~>v chli 21432   SHcsh 21433   CHcch 21434
This theorem is referenced by:  chcompl  21747  occl  21808
This theorem was proved from axioms:  ax-1 7  ax-2 8  ax-3 9  ax-mp 10  ax-5 1533  ax-6 1534  ax-7 1535  ax-gen 1536  ax-8 1623  ax-11 1624  ax-13 1625  ax-14 1626  ax-17 1628  ax-12o 1664  ax-10 1678  ax-9 1684  ax-4 1692  ax-16 1927  ax-ext 2237  ax-rep 4071  ax-sep 4081  ax-nul 4089  ax-pow 4126  ax-pr 4152  ax-un 4449  ax-cnex 8726  ax-resscn 8727  ax-1cn 8728  ax-icn 8729  ax-addcl 8730  ax-addrcl 8731  ax-mulcl 8732  ax-mulrcl 8733  ax-mulcom 8734  ax-addass 8735  ax-mulass 8736  ax-distr 8737  ax-i2m1 8738  ax-1ne0 8739  ax-1rid 8740  ax-rnegex 8741  ax-rrecex 8742  ax-cnre 8743  ax-pre-lttri 8744  ax-pre-lttrn 8745  ax-pre-ltadd 8746  ax-pre-mulgt0 8747  ax-pre-sup 8748  ax-addf 8749  ax-mulf 8750  ax-hilex 21504  ax-hfvadd 21505  ax-hvcom 21506  ax-hvass 21507  ax-hv0cl 21508  ax-hvaddid 21509  ax-hfvmul 21510  ax-hvmulid 21511  ax-hvmulass 21512  ax-hvdistr1 21513  ax-hvdistr2 21514  ax-hvmul0 21515  ax-hfi 21583  ax-his1 21586  ax-his2 21587  ax-his3 21588  ax-his4 21589  ax-hcompl 21706
This theorem depends on definitions:  df-bi 179  df-or 361  df-an 362  df-3or 940  df-3an 941  df-tru 1315  df-ex 1538  df-nf 1540  df-sb 1884  df-eu 2121  df-mo 2122  df-clab 2243  df-cleq 2249  df-clel 2252  df-nfc 2381  df-ne 2421  df-nel 2422  df-ral 2520  df-rex 2521  df-reu 2522  df-rab 2523  df-v 2742  df-sbc 2936  df-csb 3024  df-dif 3097  df-un 3099  df-in 3101  df-ss 3108  df-pss 3110  df-nul 3398  df-if 3507  df-pw 3568  df-sn 3587  df-pr 3588  df-tp 3589  df-op 3590  df-uni 3769  df-iun 3848  df-br 3964  df-opab 4018  df-mpt 4019  df-tr 4054  df-eprel 4242  df-id 4246  df-po 4251  df-so 4252  df-fr 4289  df-we 4291  df-ord 4332  df-on 4333  df-lim 4334  df-suc 4335  df-om 4594  df-xp 4640  df-rel 4641  df-cnv 4642  df-co 4643  df-dm 4644  df-rn 4645  df-res 4646  df-ima 4647  df-fun 4648  df-fn 4649  df-f 4650  df-f1 4651  df-fo 4652  df-f1o 4653  df-fv 4654  df-ov 5760  df-oprab 5761  df-mpt2 5762  df-1st 6021  df-2nd 6022  df-iota 6190  df-riota 6237  df-recs 6321  df-rdg 6356  df-er 6593  df-map 6707  df-pm 6708  df-en 6797  df-dom 6798  df-sdom 6799  df-sup 7127  df-pnf 8802  df-mnf 8803  df-xr 8804  df-ltxr 8805  df-le 8806  df-sub 8972  df-neg 8973  df-div 9357  df-n 9680  df-2 9737  df-3 9738  df-4 9739  df-n0 9898  df-z 9957  df-uz 10163  df-q 10249  df-rp 10287  df-xneg 10384  df-xadd 10385  df-xmul 10386  df-icc 10594  df-seq 10978  df-exp 11036  df-cj 11514  df-re 11515  df-im 11516  df-sqr 11650  df-abs 11651  df-topgen 13271  df-xmet 16300  df-met 16301  df-bl 16302  df-mopn 16303  df-top 16563  df-bases 16565  df-topon 16566  df-lm 16886  df-haus 16970  df-cau 18609  df-grpo 20783  df-gid 20784  df-ginv 20785  df-gdiv 20786  df-ablo 20874  df-vc 21027  df-nv 21073  df-va 21076  df-ba 21077  df-sm 21078  df-0v 21079  df-vs 21080  df-nmcv 21081  df-ims 21082  df-hnorm 21473  df-hvsub 21476  df-hlim 21477  df-hcau 21478  df-ch 21726
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