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Theorem isch3 22732
Description: A Hilbert subspace is closed iff it is complete. A complete subspace is one in which every Cauchy sequence of vectors in the subspace converges to a member of the subspace (Definition of complete subspace in [Beran] p. 96). Remark 3.12 of [Beran] p. 107. (Contributed by NM, 24-Dec-2001.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 14-May-2014.) (New usage is discouraged.)
Assertion
Ref Expression
isch3  |-  ( H  e.  CH  <->  ( H  e.  SH  /\  A. f  e.  Cauchy  ( f : NN --> H  ->  E. x  e.  H  f  ~~>v  x ) ) )
Distinct variable group:    x, f, H

Proof of Theorem isch3
StepHypRef Expression
1 isch2 22714 . 2  |-  ( H  e.  CH  <->  ( H  e.  SH  /\  A. f A. x ( ( f : NN --> H  /\  f  ~~>v  x )  ->  x  e.  H )
) )
2 ax-hcompl 22692 . . . . . . . . . 10  |-  ( f  e.  Cauchy  ->  E. x  e.  ~H  f  ~~>v  x )
3 rexex 2757 . . . . . . . . . 10  |-  ( E. x  e.  ~H  f  ~~>v  x  ->  E. x  f  ~~>v  x )
42, 3syl 16 . . . . . . . . 9  |-  ( f  e.  Cauchy  ->  E. x  f  ~~>v  x )
5 19.29 1606 . . . . . . . . 9  |-  ( ( A. x ( ( f : NN --> H  /\  f  ~~>v  x )  ->  x  e.  H )  /\  E. x  f  ~~>v  x )  ->  E. x
( ( ( f : NN --> H  /\  f  ~~>v  x )  ->  x  e.  H )  /\  f  ~~>v  x ) )
64, 5sylan2 461 . . . . . . . 8  |-  ( ( A. x ( ( f : NN --> H  /\  f  ~~>v  x )  ->  x  e.  H )  /\  f  e.  Cauchy )  ->  E. x ( ( ( f : NN --> H  /\  f  ~~>v  x )  ->  x  e.  H )  /\  f  ~~>v  x ) )
7 id 20 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15  |-  ( ( ( f : NN --> H  /\  f  ~~>v  x )  ->  x  e.  H
)  ->  ( (
f : NN --> H  /\  f  ~~>v  x )  ->  x  e.  H )
)
87imp 419 . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14  |-  ( ( ( ( f : NN --> H  /\  f  ~~>v  x )  ->  x  e.  H )  /\  (
f : NN --> H  /\  f  ~~>v  x ) )  ->  x  e.  H
)
98an12s 777 . . . . . . . . . . . . 13  |-  ( ( f : NN --> H  /\  ( ( ( f : NN --> H  /\  f  ~~>v  x )  ->  x  e.  H )  /\  f  ~~>v  x ) )  ->  x  e.  H )
10 simprr 734 . . . . . . . . . . . . 13  |-  ( ( f : NN --> H  /\  ( ( ( f : NN --> H  /\  f  ~~>v  x )  ->  x  e.  H )  /\  f  ~~>v  x ) )  ->  f  ~~>v  x )
119, 10jca 519 . . . . . . . . . . . 12  |-  ( ( f : NN --> H  /\  ( ( ( f : NN --> H  /\  f  ~~>v  x )  ->  x  e.  H )  /\  f  ~~>v  x ) )  ->  ( x  e.  H  /\  f  ~~>v  x ) )
1211ex 424 . . . . . . . . . . 11  |-  ( f : NN --> H  -> 
( ( ( ( f : NN --> H  /\  f  ~~>v  x )  ->  x  e.  H )  /\  f  ~~>v  x )  ->  ( x  e.  H  /\  f  ~~>v  x ) ) )
1312eximdv 1632 . . . . . . . . . 10  |-  ( f : NN --> H  -> 
( E. x ( ( ( f : NN --> H  /\  f  ~~>v  x )  ->  x  e.  H )  /\  f  ~~>v  x )  ->  E. x
( x  e.  H  /\  f  ~~>v  x ) ) )
1413com12 29 . . . . . . . . 9  |-  ( E. x ( ( ( f : NN --> H  /\  f  ~~>v  x )  ->  x  e.  H )  /\  f  ~~>v  x )  ->  ( f : NN --> H  ->  E. x
( x  e.  H  /\  f  ~~>v  x ) ) )
15 df-rex 2703 . . . . . . . . 9  |-  ( E. x  e.  H  f 
~~>v  x  <->  E. x ( x  e.  H  /\  f  ~~>v  x ) )
1614, 15syl6ibr 219 . . . . . . . 8  |-  ( E. x ( ( ( f : NN --> H  /\  f  ~~>v  x )  ->  x  e.  H )  /\  f  ~~>v  x )  ->  ( f : NN --> H  ->  E. x  e.  H  f  ~~>v  x ) )
176, 16syl 16 . . . . . . 7  |-  ( ( A. x ( ( f : NN --> H  /\  f  ~~>v  x )  ->  x  e.  H )  /\  f  e.  Cauchy )  -> 
( f : NN --> H  ->  E. x  e.  H  f  ~~>v  x ) )
1817ex 424 . . . . . 6  |-  ( A. x ( ( f : NN --> H  /\  f  ~~>v  x )  ->  x  e.  H )  ->  ( f  e.  Cauchy  -> 
( f : NN --> H  ->  E. x  e.  H  f  ~~>v  x ) ) )
19 nfv 1629 . . . . . . . 8  |-  F/ x  f  e.  Cauchy
20 nfv 1629 . . . . . . . . 9  |-  F/ x  f : NN --> H
21 nfre1 2754 . . . . . . . . 9  |-  F/ x E. x  e.  H  f  ~~>v  x
2220, 21nfim 1832 . . . . . . . 8  |-  F/ x
( f : NN --> H  ->  E. x  e.  H  f  ~~>v  x )
2319, 22nfim 1832 . . . . . . 7  |-  F/ x
( f  e.  Cauchy  -> 
( f : NN --> H  ->  E. x  e.  H  f  ~~>v  x ) )
24 bi2.04 351 . . . . . . . . 9  |-  ( ( f  e.  Cauchy  ->  (
f : NN --> H  ->  E. x  e.  H  f  ~~>v  x ) )  <-> 
( f : NN --> H  ->  ( f  e. 
Cauchy  ->  E. x  e.  H  f  ~~>v  x ) ) )
25 hlimcaui 22727 . . . . . . . . . . . 12  |-  ( f 
~~>v  x  ->  f  e.  Cauchy )
2625imim1i 56 . . . . . . . . . . 11  |-  ( ( f  e.  Cauchy  ->  E. x  e.  H  f  ~~>v  x )  ->  ( f  ~~>v  x  ->  E. x  e.  H  f  ~~>v  x ) )
27 rexex 2757 . . . . . . . . . . . . 13  |-  ( E. x  e.  H  f 
~~>v  x  ->  E. x  f  ~~>v  x )
28 hlimeui 22731 . . . . . . . . . . . . 13  |-  ( E. x  f  ~~>v  x  <->  E! x  f  ~~>v  x )
2927, 28sylib 189 . . . . . . . . . . . 12  |-  ( E. x  e.  H  f 
~~>v  x  ->  E! x  f  ~~>v  x )
30 exancom 1596 . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14  |-  ( E. x ( x  e.  H  /\  f  ~~>v  x )  <->  E. x ( f 
~~>v  x  /\  x  e.  H ) )
3115, 30bitri 241 . . . . . . . . . . . . 13  |-  ( E. x  e.  H  f 
~~>v  x  <->  E. x ( f 
~~>v  x  /\  x  e.  H ) )
3231biimpi 187 . . . . . . . . . . . 12  |-  ( E. x  e.  H  f 
~~>v  x  ->  E. x
( f  ~~>v  x  /\  x  e.  H )
)
33 eupick 2343 . . . . . . . . . . . 12  |-  ( ( E! x  f  ~~>v  x  /\  E. x ( f  ~~>v  x  /\  x  e.  H ) )  -> 
( f  ~~>v  x  ->  x  e.  H )
)
3429, 32, 33syl2anc 643 . . . . . . . . . . 11  |-  ( E. x  e.  H  f 
~~>v  x  ->  ( f  ~~>v  x  ->  x  e.  H ) )
3526, 34syli 35 . . . . . . . . . 10  |-  ( ( f  e.  Cauchy  ->  E. x  e.  H  f  ~~>v  x )  ->  ( f  ~~>v  x  ->  x  e.  H ) )
3635imim2i 14 . . . . . . . . 9  |-  ( ( f : NN --> H  -> 
( f  e.  Cauchy  ->  E. x  e.  H  f  ~~>v  x ) )  ->  ( f : NN --> H  ->  (
f  ~~>v  x  ->  x  e.  H ) ) )
3724, 36sylbi 188 . . . . . . . 8  |-  ( ( f  e.  Cauchy  ->  (
f : NN --> H  ->  E. x  e.  H  f  ~~>v  x ) )  ->  ( f : NN --> H  ->  (
f  ~~>v  x  ->  x  e.  H ) ) )
3837imp3a 421 . . . . . . 7  |-  ( ( f  e.  Cauchy  ->  (
f : NN --> H  ->  E. x  e.  H  f  ~~>v  x ) )  ->  ( ( f : NN --> H  /\  f  ~~>v  x )  ->  x  e.  H )
)
3923, 38alrimi 1781 . . . . . 6  |-  ( ( f  e.  Cauchy  ->  (
f : NN --> H  ->  E. x  e.  H  f  ~~>v  x ) )  ->  A. x ( ( f : NN --> H  /\  f  ~~>v  x )  ->  x  e.  H )
)
4018, 39impbii 181 . . . . 5  |-  ( A. x ( ( f : NN --> H  /\  f  ~~>v  x )  ->  x  e.  H )  <->  ( f  e.  Cauchy  ->  (
f : NN --> H  ->  E. x  e.  H  f  ~~>v  x ) ) )
4140albii 1575 . . . 4  |-  ( A. f A. x ( ( f : NN --> H  /\  f  ~~>v  x )  ->  x  e.  H )  <->  A. f ( f  e. 
Cauchy  ->  ( f : NN --> H  ->  E. x  e.  H  f  ~~>v  x ) ) )
42 df-ral 2702 . . . 4  |-  ( A. f  e.  Cauchy  ( f : NN --> H  ->  E. x  e.  H  f  ~~>v  x )  <->  A. f
( f  e.  Cauchy  -> 
( f : NN --> H  ->  E. x  e.  H  f  ~~>v  x ) ) )
4341, 42bitr4i 244 . . 3  |-  ( A. f A. x ( ( f : NN --> H  /\  f  ~~>v  x )  ->  x  e.  H )  <->  A. f  e.  Cauchy  ( f : NN --> H  ->  E. x  e.  H  f  ~~>v  x ) )
4443anbi2i 676 . 2  |-  ( ( H  e.  SH  /\  A. f A. x ( ( f : NN --> H  /\  f  ~~>v  x )  ->  x  e.  H
) )  <->  ( H  e.  SH  /\  A. f  e.  Cauchy  ( f : NN --> H  ->  E. x  e.  H  f  ~~>v  x ) ) )
451, 44bitri 241 1  |-  ( H  e.  CH  <->  ( H  e.  SH  /\  A. f  e.  Cauchy  ( f : NN --> H  ->  E. x  e.  H  f  ~~>v  x ) ) )
Colors of variables: wff set class
Syntax hints:    -> wi 4    <-> wb 177    /\ wa 359   A.wal 1549   E.wex 1550    e. wcel 1725   E!weu 2280   A.wral 2697   E.wrex 2698   class class class wbr 4204   -->wf 5441   NNcn 9989   ~Hchil 22410   Cauchyccau 22417    ~~>v chli 22418   SHcsh 22419   CHcch 22420
This theorem is referenced by:  chcompl  22733  occl  22794
This theorem was proved from axioms:  ax-1 5  ax-2 6  ax-3 7  ax-mp 8  ax-gen 1555  ax-5 1566  ax-17 1626  ax-9 1666  ax-8 1687  ax-13 1727  ax-14 1729  ax-6 1744  ax-7 1749  ax-11 1761  ax-12 1950  ax-ext 2416  ax-rep 4312  ax-sep 4322  ax-nul 4330  ax-pow 4369  ax-pr 4395  ax-un 4692  ax-cnex 9035  ax-resscn 9036  ax-1cn 9037  ax-icn 9038  ax-addcl 9039  ax-addrcl 9040  ax-mulcl 9041  ax-mulrcl 9042  ax-mulcom 9043  ax-addass 9044  ax-mulass 9045  ax-distr 9046  ax-i2m1 9047  ax-1ne0 9048  ax-1rid 9049  ax-rnegex 9050  ax-rrecex 9051  ax-cnre 9052  ax-pre-lttri 9053  ax-pre-lttrn 9054  ax-pre-ltadd 9055  ax-pre-mulgt0 9056  ax-pre-sup 9057  ax-addf 9058  ax-mulf 9059  ax-hilex 22490  ax-hfvadd 22491  ax-hvcom 22492  ax-hvass 22493  ax-hv0cl 22494  ax-hvaddid 22495  ax-hfvmul 22496  ax-hvmulid 22497  ax-hvmulass 22498  ax-hvdistr1 22499  ax-hvdistr2 22500  ax-hvmul0 22501  ax-hfi 22569  ax-his1 22572  ax-his2 22573  ax-his3 22574  ax-his4 22575  ax-hcompl 22692
This theorem depends on definitions:  df-bi 178  df-or 360  df-an 361  df-3or 937  df-3an 938  df-tru 1328  df-ex 1551  df-nf 1554  df-sb 1659  df-eu 2284  df-mo 2285  df-clab 2422  df-cleq 2428  df-clel 2431  df-nfc 2560  df-ne 2600  df-nel 2601  df-ral 2702  df-rex 2703  df-reu 2704  df-rmo 2705  df-rab 2706  df-v 2950  df-sbc 3154  df-csb 3244  df-dif 3315  df-un 3317  df-in 3319  df-ss 3326  df-pss 3328  df-nul 3621  df-if 3732  df-pw 3793  df-sn 3812  df-pr 3813  df-tp 3814  df-op 3815  df-uni 4008  df-iun 4087  df-br 4205  df-opab 4259  df-mpt 4260  df-tr 4295  df-eprel 4486  df-id 4490  df-po 4495  df-so 4496  df-fr 4533  df-we 4535  df-ord 4576  df-on 4577  df-lim 4578  df-suc 4579  df-om 4837  df-xp 4875  df-rel 4876  df-cnv 4877  df-co 4878  df-dm 4879  df-rn 4880  df-res 4881  df-ima 4882  df-iota 5409  df-fun 5447  df-fn 5448  df-f 5449  df-f1 5450  df-fo 5451  df-f1o 5452  df-fv 5453  df-ov 6075  df-oprab 6076  df-mpt2 6077  df-1st 6340  df-2nd 6341  df-riota 6540  df-recs 6624  df-rdg 6659  df-er 6896  df-map 7011  df-pm 7012  df-en 7101  df-dom 7102  df-sdom 7103  df-sup 7437  df-pnf 9111  df-mnf 9112  df-xr 9113  df-ltxr 9114  df-le 9115  df-sub 9282  df-neg 9283  df-div 9667  df-nn 9990  df-2 10047  df-3 10048  df-4 10049  df-n0 10211  df-z 10272  df-uz 10478  df-q 10564  df-rp 10602  df-xneg 10699  df-xadd 10700  df-xmul 10701  df-icc 10912  df-seq 11312  df-exp 11371  df-cj 11892  df-re 11893  df-im 11894  df-sqr 12028  df-abs 12029  df-topgen 13655  df-psmet 16682  df-xmet 16683  df-met 16684  df-bl 16685  df-mopn 16686  df-top 16951  df-bases 16953  df-topon 16954  df-lm 17281  df-haus 17367  df-cau 19197  df-grpo 21767  df-gid 21768  df-ginv 21769  df-gdiv 21770  df-ablo 21858  df-vc 22013  df-nv 22059  df-va 22062  df-ba 22063  df-sm 22064  df-0v 22065  df-vs 22066  df-nmcv 22067  df-ims 22068  df-hnorm 22459  df-hvsub 22462  df-hlim 22463  df-hcau 22464  df-ch 22712
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