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Theorem List for Metamath Proof Explorer - 4701-4800   *Has distinct variable group(s)
TypeLabelDescription
Statement
 
Theoremfinds1 4701* Principle of Finite Induction (inference schema), using implicit substitutions. The first three hypotheses establish the substitutions we need. The last two are the basis and the induction hypothesis. Theorem Schema 22 of [Suppes] p. 136. (Contributed by NM, 22-Mar-2006.)
 |-  ( x  =  (/)  ->  ( ph  <->  ps ) )   &    |-  ( x  =  y  ->  (
 ph 
 <->  ch ) )   &    |-  ( x  =  suc  y  ->  ( ph  <->  th ) )   &    |-  ps   &    |-  (
 y  e.  om  ->  ( ch  ->  th )
 )   =>    |-  ( x  e.  om  -> 
 ph )
 
Theoremfindes 4702 Finite induction with explicit substitution. The first hypothesis is the basis and the second is the induction hypothesis. Theorem Schema 22 of [Suppes] p. 136. See tfindes 4669 for the transfinite version. (Contributed by Raph Levien, 9-Jul-2003.)
 |-  [. (/)  /  x ]. ph   &    |-  ( x  e.  om  ->  (
 ph  ->  [. suc  x  /  x ]. ph ) )   =>    |-  ( x  e.  om  ->  ph )
 
2.4.7  Relations
 
Syntaxcxp 4703 Extend the definition of a class to include the cross product.
 class  ( A  X.  B )
 
Syntaxccnv 4704 Extend the definition of a class to include the converse of a class.
 class  `' A
 
Syntaxcdm 4705 Extend the definition of a class to include the domain of a class.
 class  dom  A
 
Syntaxcrn 4706 Extend the definition of a class to include the range of a class.
 class  ran  A
 
Syntaxcres 4707 Extend the definition of a class to include the restriction of a class. (Read: The restriction of  A to  B.)
 class  ( A  |`  B )
 
Syntaxcima 4708 Extend the definition of a class to include the image of a class. (Read: The image of  B under  A.)
 class  ( A " B )
 
Syntaxccom 4709 Extend the definition of a class to include the composition of two classes. (Read: The composition of  A and  B.)
 class  ( A  o.  B )
 
Syntaxwrel 4710 Extend the definition of a wff to include the relation predicate. (Read:  A is a relation.)
 wff  Rel  A
 
Definitiondf-xp 4711* Define the cross product of two classes. Definition 9.11 of [Quine] p. 64. For example,  ( { 1 ,  5 }  X.  {
2 ,  7 } )  =  ( { <. 1 ,  2 >. , 
<. 1 ,  7
>. }  u.  { <. 5 ,  2 >. , 
<. 5 ,  7
>. } ) (ex-xp 20839). Another example is that the set of rational numbers are defined in df-q 10333 using the cross-product  ( ZZ  X.  NN ); the left- and right-hand sides of the cross-product represent the top (integer) and bottom (natural) numbers of a fraction. (Contributed by NM, 4-Jul-1994.)
 |-  ( A  X.  B )  =  { <. x ,  y >.  |  ( x  e.  A  /\  y  e.  B ) }
 
Definitiondf-rel 4712 Define the relation predicate. Definition 6.4(1) of [TakeutiZaring] p. 23. For alternate definitions, see dfrel2 5140 and dfrel3 5147. (Contributed by NM, 1-Aug-1994.)
 |-  ( Rel  A  <->  A  C_  ( _V 
 X.  _V ) )
 
Definitiondf-cnv 4713* Define the converse of a class. Definition 9.12 of [Quine] p. 64. The converse of a binary relation swaps its arguments, i.e., if  A  e. 
_V and  B  e.  _V then  ( A `' R B  <-> 
B R A ), as proven in brcnv 4880 (see df-br 4040 and df-rel 4712 for more on relations). For example,  `' { <. 2 ,  6 >. , 
<. 3 ,  9
>. }  =  { <. 6 ,  2 >. , 
<. 9 ,  3
>. } (ex-cnv 20840). We use Quine's breve accent (smile) notation. Like Quine, we use it as a prefix, which eliminates the need for parentheses. Many authors use the postfix superscript "to the minus one." "Converse" is Quine's terminology; some authors call it "inverse," especially when the argument is a function. (Contributed by NM, 4-Jul-1994.)
 |-  `' A  =  { <. x ,  y >.  |  y A x }
 
Definitiondf-co 4714* Define the composition of two classes. Definition 6.6(3) of [TakeutiZaring] p. 24. For example,  ( ( exp 
o.  cos ) `  0
)  =  _e (ex-co 20841) because  ( cos `  0 )  =  1 (see cos0 12446) and  ( exp `  1
)  =  _e (see df-e 12366). Note that Definition 7 of [Suppes] p. 63 reverses  A and  B, uses  /. instead of  o., and calls the operation "relative product." (Contributed by NM, 4-Jul-1994.)
 |-  ( A  o.  B )  =  { <. x ,  y >.  |  E. z
 ( x B z 
 /\  z A y ) }
 
Definitiondf-dm 4715* Define the domain of a class. Definition 3 of [Suppes] p. 59. For example,  F  =  { <. 2 ,  6 >. ,  <. 3 ,  9
>. }  ->  dom  F  =  { 2 ,  3 } (ex-dm 20842). Another example is the domain of the complex arctangent,  ( A  e. 
dom arctan 
<->  ( A  e.  CC  /\  A  =/=  -u _i  /\  A  =/=  _i ) ) (for proof see atandm 20188). Contrast with range (defined in df-rn 4716). For alternate definitions see dfdm2 5220, dfdm3 4883, and dfdm4 4888. The notation " dom " is used by Enderton; other authors sometimes use script D. (Contributed by NM, 1-Aug-1994.)
 |- 
 dom  A  =  { x  |  E. y  x A y }
 
Definitiondf-rn 4716 Define the range of a class. For example,  F  =  { <. 2 ,  6 >. ,  <. 3 ,  9
>. }  ->  ran  F  =  { 6 ,  9 } (ex-rn 20843). Contrast with domain (defined in df-dm 4715). For alternate definitions, see dfrn2 4884, dfrn3 4885, and dfrn4 5150. The notation " ran " is used by Enderton; other authors sometimes use script R or script W. (Contributed by NM, 1-Aug-1994.)
 |- 
 ran  A  =  dom  `' A
 
Definitiondf-res 4717 Define the restriction of a class. Definition 6.6(1) of [TakeutiZaring] p. 24. For example, the expression  ( exp  |`  RR ) (used in reeff1 12416) means "the exponential function e to the x, but the exponent x must be in the reals" (df-ef 12365 defines the exponential function, which normally allows the exponent to be a complex number). Another example is that  ( F  =  { <. 2 ,  6 >. ,  <. 3 ,  9
>. }  /\  B  =  { 1 ,  2 } )  ->  ( F  |`  B )  =  { <. 2 ,  6
>. } (ex-res 20844). (Contributed by NM, 2-Aug-1994.)
 |-  ( A  |`  B )  =  ( A  i^i  ( B  X.  _V )
 )
 
Definitiondf-ima 4718 Define the image of a class (as restricted by another class). Definition 6.6(2) of [TakeutiZaring] p. 24. For example,  ( F  =  { <. 2 ,  6
>. ,  <. 3 ,  9 >. }  /\  B  =  { 1 ,  2 } )  ->  ( F " B )  =  { 6 } (ex-ima 20845). Contrast with restriction (df-res 4717) and range (df-rn 4716). For an alternate definition, see dfima2 5030. (Contributed by NM, 2-Aug-1994.)
 |-  ( A " B )  =  ran  ( A  |`  B )
 
Theoremxpeq1 4719 Equality theorem for cross product. (Contributed by NM, 4-Jul-1994.)
 |-  ( A  =  B  ->  ( A  X.  C )  =  ( B  X.  C ) )
 
Theoremxpeq2 4720 Equality theorem for cross product. (Contributed by NM, 5-Jul-1994.)
 |-  ( A  =  B  ->  ( C  X.  A )  =  ( C  X.  B ) )
 
Theoremelxpi 4721* Membership in a cross product. Uses fewer axioms than elxp 4722. (Contributed by NM, 4-Jul-1994.)
 |-  ( A  e.  ( B  X.  C )  ->  E. x E. y ( A  =  <. x ,  y >.  /\  ( x  e.  B  /\  y  e.  C ) ) )
 
Theoremelxp 4722* Membership in a cross product. (Contributed by NM, 4-Jul-1994.)
 |-  ( A  e.  ( B  X.  C )  <->  E. x E. y
 ( A  =  <. x ,  y >.  /\  ( x  e.  B  /\  y  e.  C )
 ) )
 
Theoremelxp2 4723* Membership in a cross product. (Contributed by NM, 23-Feb-2004.)
 |-  ( A  e.  ( B  X.  C )  <->  E. x  e.  B  E. y  e.  C  A  =  <. x ,  y >. )
 
Theoremxpeq12 4724 Equality theorem for cross product. (Contributed by FL, 31-Aug-2009.)
 |-  ( ( A  =  B  /\  C  =  D )  ->  ( A  X.  C )  =  ( B  X.  D ) )
 
Theoremxpeq1i 4725 Equality inference for cross product. (Contributed by NM, 21-Dec-2008.)
 |-  A  =  B   =>    |-  ( A  X.  C )  =  ( B  X.  C )
 
Theoremxpeq2i 4726 Equality inference for cross product. (Contributed by NM, 21-Dec-2008.)
 |-  A  =  B   =>    |-  ( C  X.  A )  =  ( C  X.  B )
 
Theoremxpeq12i 4727 Equality inference for cross product. (Contributed by FL, 31-Aug-2009.)
 |-  A  =  B   &    |-  C  =  D   =>    |-  ( A  X.  C )  =  ( B  X.  D )
 
Theoremxpeq1d 4728 Equality deduction for cross product. (Contributed by Jeff Madsen, 17-Jun-2010.)
 |-  ( ph  ->  A  =  B )   =>    |-  ( ph  ->  ( A  X.  C )  =  ( B  X.  C ) )
 
Theoremxpeq2d 4729 Equality deduction for cross product. (Contributed by Jeff Madsen, 17-Jun-2010.)
 |-  ( ph  ->  A  =  B )   =>    |-  ( ph  ->  ( C  X.  A )  =  ( C  X.  B ) )
 
Theoremxpeq12d 4730 Equality deduction for cross product. (Contributed by NM, 8-Dec-2013.)
 |-  ( ph  ->  A  =  B )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  C  =  D )   =>    |-  ( ph  ->  ( A  X.  C )  =  ( B  X.  D ) )
 
Theoremnfxp 4731 Bound-variable hypothesis builder for cross product. (Contributed by NM, 15-Sep-2003.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 15-Oct-2016.)
 |-  F/_ x A   &    |-  F/_ x B   =>    |-  F/_ x ( A  X.  B )
 
Theoremcsbxpg 4732 Distribute proper substitution through the cross product of two classes. (Contributed by Alan Sare, 10-Nov-2012.)
 |-  ( A  e.  D  -> 
 [_ A  /  x ]_ ( B  X.  C )  =  ( [_ A  /  x ]_ B  X.  [_ A  /  x ]_ C ) )
 
Theorem0nelxp 4733 The empty set is not a member of a cross product. (Contributed by NM, 2-May-1996.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 26-Apr-2015.)
 |- 
 -.  (/)  e.  ( A  X.  B )
 
Theorem0nelelxp 4734 A member of a cross product (ordered pair) doesn't contain the empty set. (Contributed by NM, 15-Dec-2008.)
 |-  ( C  e.  ( A  X.  B )  ->  -.  (/)  e.  C )
 
Theoremopelxp 4735 Ordered pair membership in a cross product. (Contributed by NM, 15-Nov-1994.) (Proof shortened by Andrew Salmon, 12-Aug-2011.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 26-Apr-2015.)
 |-  ( <. A ,  B >.  e.  ( C  X.  D )  <->  ( A  e.  C  /\  B  e.  D ) )
 
Theorembrxp 4736 Binary relation on a cross product. (Contributed by NM, 22-Apr-2004.)
 |-  ( A ( C  X.  D ) B  <-> 
 ( A  e.  C  /\  B  e.  D ) )
 
Theoremopelxpi 4737 Ordered pair membership in a cross product (implication). (Contributed by NM, 28-May-1995.)
 |-  ( ( A  e.  C  /\  B  e.  D )  ->  <. A ,  B >.  e.  ( C  X.  D ) )
 
Theoremopelxp1 4738 The first member of an ordered pair of classes in a cross product belongs to first cross product argument. (Contributed by NM, 28-May-2008.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 26-Apr-2015.)
 |-  ( <. A ,  B >.  e.  ( C  X.  D )  ->  A  e.  C )
 
Theoremopelxp2 4739 The second member of an ordered pair of classes in a cross product belongs to second cross product argument. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 26-Apr-2015.)
 |-  ( <. A ,  B >.  e.  ( C  X.  D )  ->  B  e.  D )
 
Theoremotelxp1 4740 The first member of an ordered triple of classes in a cross product belongs to first cross product argument. (Contributed by NM, 28-May-2008.)
 |-  ( <. <. A ,  B >. ,  C >.  e.  (
 ( R  X.  S )  X.  T )  ->  A  e.  R )
 
Theoremrabxp 4741* Membership in a class builder restricted to a cross product. (Contributed by NM, 20-Feb-2014.)
 |-  ( x  =  <. y ,  z >.  ->  ( ph 
 <->  ps ) )   =>    |-  { x  e.  ( A  X.  B )  |  ph }  =  { <. y ,  z >.  |  ( y  e.  A  /\  z  e.  B  /\  ps ) }
 
Theorembrrelex12 4742 A true binary relation on a relation implies the arguments are sets. (This is a property of our ordered pair definition.) (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 26-Apr-2015.)
 |-  ( ( Rel  R  /\  A R B ) 
 ->  ( A  e.  _V  /\  B  e.  _V )
 )
 
Theorembrrelex 4743 A true binary relation on a relation implies the first argument is a set. (This is a property of our ordered pair definition.) (Contributed by NM, 18-May-2004.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 26-Apr-2015.)
 |-  ( ( Rel  R  /\  A R B ) 
 ->  A  e.  _V )
 
Theorembrrelex2 4744 A true binary relation on a relation implies the second argument is a set. (This is a property of our ordered pair definition.) (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 26-Apr-2015.)
 |-  ( ( Rel  R  /\  A R B ) 
 ->  B  e.  _V )
 
Theorembrrelexi 4745 The first argument of a binary relation exists. (An artifact of our ordered pair definition.) (Contributed by NM, 4-Jun-1998.)
 |- 
 Rel  R   =>    |-  ( A R B  ->  A  e.  _V )
 
Theorembrrelex2i 4746 The second argument of a binary relation exists. (An artifact of our ordered pair definition.) (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 26-Apr-2015.)
 |- 
 Rel  R   =>    |-  ( A R B  ->  B  e.  _V )
 
Theoremnprrel 4747 No proper class is related to anything via any relation. (Contributed by Roy F. Longton, 30-Jul-2005.)
 |- 
 Rel  R   &    |-  -.  A  e.  _V   =>    |-  -.  A R B
 
Theoremfconstmpt 4748* Representation of a constant function using the mapping operation. (Note that  x cannot appear free in  B.) (Contributed by NM, 12-Oct-1999.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 16-Nov-2013.)
 |-  ( A  X.  { B } )  =  ( x  e.  A  |->  B )
 
Theoremvtoclr 4749* Variable to class conversion of transitive relation. (Contributed by NM, 9-Jun-1998.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 26-Apr-2015.)
 |- 
 Rel  R   &    |-  ( ( x R y  /\  y R z )  ->  x R z )   =>    |-  ( ( A R B  /\  B R C )  ->  A R C )
 
Theoremopelvvg 4750 Ordered pair membership in the universal class of ordered pairs. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 3-May-2015.)
 |-  ( ( A  e.  V  /\  B  e.  W )  ->  <. A ,  B >.  e.  ( _V  X.  _V ) )
 
Theoremopelvv 4751 Ordered pair membership in the universal class of ordered pairs. (Contributed by NM, 22-Aug-2013.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 26-Apr-2015.)
 |-  A  e.  _V   &    |-  B  e.  _V   =>    |- 
 <. A ,  B >.  e.  ( _V  X.  _V )
 
Theoremopthprc 4752 Justification theorem for an ordered pair definition that works for any classes, including proper classes. This is a possible definition implied by the footnote in [Jech] p. 78, which says, "The sophisticated reader will not object to our use of a pair of classes." (Contributed by NM, 28-Sep-2003.)
 |-  ( ( ( A  X.  { (/) } )  u.  ( B  X.  { { (/) } } )
 )  =  ( ( C  X.  { (/) } )  u.  ( D  X.  { { (/) } } )
 ) 
 <->  ( A  =  C  /\  B  =  D ) )
 
Theorembrel 4753 Two things in a binary relation belong to the relation's domain. (Contributed by NM, 17-May-1996.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 26-Apr-2015.)
 |-  R  C_  ( C  X.  D )   =>    |-  ( A R B  ->  ( A  e.  C  /\  B  e.  D ) )
 
Theorembrab2a 4754* Ordered pair membership in an ordered pair class abstraction. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 9-Nov-2015.)
 |-  ( ( x  =  A  /\  y  =  B )  ->  ( ph 
 <->  ps ) )   &    |-  R  =  { <. x ,  y >.  |  ( ( x  e.  C  /\  y  e.  D )  /\  ph ) }   =>    |-  ( A R B  <->  ( ( A  e.  C  /\  B  e.  D ) 
 /\  ps ) )
 
Theoremelxp3 4755* Membership in a cross product. (Contributed by NM, 5-Mar-1995.)
 |-  ( A  e.  ( B  X.  C )  <->  E. x E. y
 ( <. x ,  y >.  =  A  /\  <. x ,  y >.  e.  ( B  X.  C ) ) )
 
Theoremopeliunxp 4756 Membership in a union of cross products. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 29-Dec-2014.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 1-Jan-2017.)
 |-  ( <. x ,  C >.  e.  U_ x  e.  A  ( { x }  X.  B )  <->  ( x  e.  A  /\  C  e.  B ) )
 
Theoremxpundi 4757 Distributive law for cross product over union. Theorem 103 of [Suppes] p. 52. (Contributed by NM, 12-Aug-2004.)
 |-  ( A  X.  ( B  u.  C ) )  =  ( ( A  X.  B )  u.  ( A  X.  C ) )
 
Theoremxpundir 4758 Distributive law for cross product over union. Similar to Theorem 103 of [Suppes] p. 52. (Contributed by NM, 30-Sep-2002.)
 |-  ( ( A  u.  B )  X.  C )  =  ( ( A  X.  C )  u.  ( B  X.  C ) )
 
Theoremxpiundi 4759* Distributive law for cross product over indexed union. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 27-Apr-2014.)
 |-  ( C  X.  U_ x  e.  A  B )  =  U_ x  e.  A  ( C  X.  B )
 
Theoremxpiundir 4760* Distributive law for cross product over indexed union. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 27-Apr-2014.)
 |-  ( U_ x  e.  A  B  X.  C )  =  U_ x  e.  A  ( B  X.  C )
 
TheoremresiundiOLD 4761* Obsolete proof of resiun2 4991 as of 5-Apr-2016. Distributive law for cross product over restriction. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 11-Nov-2014.) (Proof modification is discouraged.) (New usage is discouraged.)
 |-  ( F  |`  U_ x  e.  A  B )  = 
 U_ x  e.  A  ( F  |`  B )
 
Theoremiunxpconst 4762* Membership in a union of cross products when the second factor is constant. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 29-Dec-2014.)
 |-  U_ x  e.  A  ( { x }  X.  B )  =  ( A  X.  B )
 
Theoremxpun 4763 The cross product of two unions. (Contributed by NM, 12-Aug-2004.)
 |-  ( ( A  u.  B )  X.  ( C  u.  D ) )  =  ( ( ( A  X.  C )  u.  ( A  X.  D ) )  u.  ( ( B  X.  C )  u.  ( B  X.  D ) ) )
 
Theoremelvv 4764* Membership in universal class of ordered pairs. (Contributed by NM, 4-Jul-1994.)
 |-  ( A  e.  ( _V  X.  _V )  <->  E. x E. y  A  =  <. x ,  y >. )
 
Theoremelvvv 4765* Membership in universal class of ordered triples. (Contributed by NM, 17-Dec-2008.)
 |-  ( A  e.  (
 ( _V  X.  _V )  X.  _V )  <->  E. x E. y E. z  A  =  <.
 <. x ,  y >. ,  z >. )
 
Theoremelvvuni 4766 An ordered pair contains its union. (Contributed by NM, 16-Sep-2006.)
 |-  ( A  e.  ( _V  X.  _V )  ->  U. A  e.  A )
 
Theorembrinxp2 4767 Intersection of binary relation with cross product. (Contributed by NM, 3-Mar-2007.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 26-Apr-2015.)
 |-  ( A ( R  i^i  ( C  X.  D ) ) B  <-> 
 ( A  e.  C  /\  B  e.  D  /\  A R B ) )
 
Theorembrinxp 4768 Intersection of binary relation with cross product. (Contributed by NM, 9-Mar-1997.)
 |-  ( ( A  e.  C  /\  B  e.  D )  ->  ( A R B 
 <->  A ( R  i^i  ( C  X.  D ) ) B ) )
 
Theorempoinxp 4769 Intersection of partial order with cross product of its field. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 10-Jul-2014.)
 |-  ( R  Po  A  <->  ( R  i^i  ( A  X.  A ) )  Po  A )
 
Theoremsoinxp 4770 Intersection of total order with cross product of its field. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 10-Jul-2014.)
 |-  ( R  Or  A  <->  ( R  i^i  ( A  X.  A ) )  Or  A )
 
Theoremfrinxp 4771 Intersection of well-founded relation with cross product of its field. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 10-Jul-2014.)
 |-  ( R  Fr  A  <->  ( R  i^i  ( A  X.  A ) )  Fr  A )
 
Theoremseinxp 4772 Intersection of set-like relation with cross product of its field. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 22-Jun-2015.)
 |-  ( R Se  A  <->  ( R  i^i  ( A  X.  A ) ) Se  A )
 
Theoremweinxp 4773 Intersection of well-ordering with cross product of its field. (Contributed by NM, 9-Mar-1997.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 10-Jul-2014.)
 |-  ( R  We  A  <->  ( R  i^i  ( A  X.  A ) )  We  A )
 
Theoremposn 4774 Partial ordering of a singleton. (Contributed by NM, 27-Apr-2009.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 23-Apr-2015.)
 |-  ( Rel  R  ->  ( R  Po  { A } 
 <->  -.  A R A ) )
 
Theoremsosn 4775 Strict ordering on a singleton. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 28-Dec-2014.)
 |-  ( Rel  R  ->  ( R  Or  { A } 
 <->  -.  A R A ) )
 
Theoremfrsn 4776 Founded relation on a singleton. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 28-Dec-2014.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 23-Apr-2015.)
 |-  ( Rel  R  ->  ( R  Fr  { A } 
 <->  -.  A R A ) )
 
Theoremwesn 4777 Well-ordering of a singleton. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 28-Dec-2014.)
 |-  ( Rel  R  ->  ( R  We  { A } 
 <->  -.  A R A ) )
 
Theoremopabssxp 4778* An abstraction relation is a subset of a related cross product. (Contributed by NM, 16-Jul-1995.)
 |- 
 { <. x ,  y >.  |  ( ( x  e.  A  /\  y  e.  B )  /\  ph ) }  C_  ( A  X.  B )
 
Theorembrab2ga 4779* The law of concretion for a binary relation. See brab2a 4754 for alternate proof. TODO: should one of them be deleted? (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 28-Apr-2015.) (Proof modification is discouraged.)
 |-  ( ( x  =  A  /\  y  =  B )  ->  ( ph 
 <->  ps ) )   &    |-  R  =  { <. x ,  y >.  |  ( ( x  e.  C  /\  y  e.  D )  /\  ph ) }   =>    |-  ( A R B  <->  ( ( A  e.  C  /\  B  e.  D ) 
 /\  ps ) )
 
Theoremoptocl 4780* Implicit substitution of class for ordered pair. (Contributed by NM, 5-Mar-1995.)
 |-  D  =  ( B  X.  C )   &    |-  ( <. x ,  y >.  =  A  ->  ( ph  <->  ps ) )   &    |-  ( ( x  e.  B  /\  y  e.  C )  ->  ph )   =>    |-  ( A  e.  D  ->  ps )
 
Theorem2optocl 4781* Implicit substitution of classes for ordered pairs. (Contributed by NM, 12-Mar-1995.)
 |-  R  =  ( C  X.  D )   &    |-  ( <. x ,  y >.  =  A  ->  ( ph  <->  ps ) )   &    |-  ( <. z ,  w >.  =  B  ->  ( ps  <->  ch ) )   &    |-  (
 ( ( x  e.  C  /\  y  e.  D )  /\  (
 z  e.  C  /\  w  e.  D )
 )  ->  ph )   =>    |-  ( ( A  e.  R  /\  B  e.  R )  ->  ch )
 
Theorem3optocl 4782* Implicit substitution of classes for ordered pairs. (Contributed by NM, 12-Mar-1995.)
 |-  R  =  ( D  X.  F )   &    |-  ( <. x ,  y >.  =  A  ->  ( ph  <->  ps ) )   &    |-  ( <. z ,  w >.  =  B  ->  ( ps  <->  ch ) )   &    |-  ( <. v ,  u >.  =  C  ->  ( ch  <->  th ) )   &    |-  ( ( ( x  e.  D  /\  y  e.  F )  /\  ( z  e.  D  /\  w  e.  F )  /\  ( v  e.  D  /\  u  e.  F ) )  ->  ph )   =>    |-  ( ( A  e.  R  /\  B  e.  R  /\  C  e.  R ) 
 ->  th )
 
Theoremopbrop 4783* Ordered pair membership in a relation. Special case. (Contributed by NM, 5-Aug-1995.)
 |-  ( ( ( z  =  A  /\  w  =  B )  /\  (
 v  =  C  /\  u  =  D )
 )  ->  ( ph  <->  ps ) )   &    |-  R  =  { <. x ,  y >.  |  ( ( x  e.  ( S  X.  S )  /\  y  e.  ( S  X.  S ) ) 
 /\  E. z E. w E. v E. u ( ( x  =  <. z ,  w >.  /\  y  =  <. v ,  u >. )  /\  ph )
 ) }   =>    |-  ( ( ( A  e.  S  /\  B  e.  S )  /\  ( C  e.  S  /\  D  e.  S )
 )  ->  ( <. A ,  B >. R <. C ,  D >.  <->  ps ) )
 
Theoremxp0r 4784 The cross product with the empty set is empty. Part of Theorem 3.13(ii) of [Monk1] p. 37. (Contributed by NM, 4-Jul-1994.)
 |-  ( (/)  X.  A )  =  (/)
 
Theoremonxpdisj 4785 Ordinal numbers and ordered pairs are disjoint collections. This theorem can be used if we want to extend a set of ordinal numbers or ordered pairs with disjoint elements. See also snsn0non 4527. (Contributed by NM, 1-Jun-2004.) (Proof shortened by Andrew Salmon, 27-Aug-2011.)
 |-  ( On  i^i  ( _V  X.  _V ) )  =  (/)
 
Theoremonnev 4786 The class of ordinal numbers is not equal to the universe. (Contributed by NM, 16-Jun-2007.) (Proof shortened by Mario Carneiro, 10-Jan-2013.)
 |- 
 On  =/=  _V
 
Theoremreleq 4787 Equality theorem for the relation predicate. (Contributed by NM, 1-Aug-1994.)
 |-  ( A  =  B  ->  ( Rel  A  <->  Rel  B ) )
 
Theoremreleqi 4788 Equality inference for the relation predicate. (Contributed by NM, 8-Dec-2006.)
 |-  A  =  B   =>    |-  ( Rel  A  <->  Rel 
 B )
 
Theoremreleqd 4789 Equality deduction for the relation predicate. (Contributed by NM, 8-Mar-2014.)
 |-  ( ph  ->  A  =  B )   =>    |-  ( ph  ->  ( Rel  A  <->  Rel  B ) )
 
Theoremnfrel 4790 Bound-variable hypothesis builder for a relation. (Contributed by NM, 31-Jan-2004.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 15-Oct-2016.)
 |-  F/_ x A   =>    |- 
 F/ x Rel  A
 
Theoremrelss 4791 Subclass theorem for relation predicate. Theorem 2 of [Suppes] p. 58. (Contributed by NM, 15-Aug-1994.)
 |-  ( A  C_  B  ->  ( Rel  B  ->  Rel 
 A ) )
 
Theoremssrel 4792* A subclass relationship depends only on a relation's ordered pairs. Theorem 3.2(i) of [Monk1] p. 33. (Contributed by NM, 2-Aug-1994.) (Proof shortened by Andrew Salmon, 27-Aug-2011.)
 |-  ( Rel  A  ->  ( A  C_  B  <->  A. x A. y
 ( <. x ,  y >.  e.  A  ->  <. x ,  y >.  e.  B ) ) )
 
Theoremeqrel 4793* Extensionality principle for relations. Theorem 3.2(ii) of [Monk1] p. 33. (Contributed by NM, 2-Aug-1994.)
 |-  ( ( Rel  A  /\  Rel  B )  ->  ( A  =  B  <->  A. x A. y (
 <. x ,  y >.  e.  A  <->  <. x ,  y >.  e.  B ) ) )
 
Theoremrelssi 4794* Inference from subclass principle for relations. (Contributed by NM, 31-Mar-1998.)
 |- 
 Rel  A   &    |-  ( <. x ,  y >.  e.  A  ->  <. x ,  y >.  e.  B )   =>    |-  A  C_  B
 
Theoremrelssdv 4795* Deduction from subclass principle for relations. (Contributed by NM, 11-Sep-2004.)
 |-  ( ph  ->  Rel  A )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  ( <. x ,  y >.  e.  A  ->  <. x ,  y >.  e.  B ) )   =>    |-  ( ph  ->  A  C_  B )
 
Theoremeqrelriv 4796* Inference from extensionality principle for relations. (Contributed by FL, 15-Oct-2012.)
 |-  ( <. x ,  y >.  e.  A  <->  <. x ,  y >.  e.  B )   =>    |-  ( ( Rel 
 A  /\  Rel  B ) 
 ->  A  =  B )
 
Theoremeqrelriiv 4797* Inference from extensionality principle for relations. (Contributed by NM, 17-Mar-1995.)
 |- 
 Rel  A   &    |-  Rel  B   &    |-  ( <. x ,  y >.  e.  A  <->  <. x ,  y >.  e.  B )   =>    |-  A  =  B
 
Theoremeqbrriv 4798* Inference from extensionality principle for relations. (Contributed by NM, 12-Dec-2006.)
 |- 
 Rel  A   &    |-  Rel  B   &    |-  ( x A y  <->  x B y )   =>    |-  A  =  B
 
Theoremeqrelrdv 4799* Deduce equality of relations from equivalence of membership. (Contributed by Rodolfo Medina, 10-Oct-2010.)
 |- 
 Rel  A   &    |-  Rel  B   &    |-  ( ph  ->  (
 <. x ,  y >.  e.  A  <->  <. x ,  y >.  e.  B ) )   =>    |-  ( ph  ->  A  =  B )
 
Theoremeqbrrdv 4800* Deduction from extensionality principle for relations. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 3-Jan-2017.)
 |-  ( ph  ->  Rel  A )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  Rel  B )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  ( x A y  <->  x B y ) )   =>    |-  ( ph  ->  A  =  B )
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