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Theorem List for Metamath Proof Explorer - 8801-8900   *Has distinct variable group(s)
TypeLabelDescription
Statement
 
Axiomax-mulcl 8801 Closure law for multiplication of complex numbers. Axiom 6 of 22 for real and complex numbers, justified by theorem axmulcl 8777. Proofs should normally use mulcl 8823 instead. (New usage is discouraged.) (Contributed by NM, 22-Nov-1994.)
 |-  ( ( A  e.  CC  /\  B  e.  CC )  ->  ( A  x.  B )  e.  CC )
 
Axiomax-mulrcl 8802 Closure law for multiplication in the real subfield of complex numbers. Axiom 7 of 22 for real and complex numbers, justified by theorem axmulrcl 8778. Proofs should normally use remulcl 8824 instead. (New usage is discouraged.) (Contributed by NM, 22-Nov-1994.)
 |-  ( ( A  e.  RR  /\  B  e.  RR )  ->  ( A  x.  B )  e.  RR )
 
Axiomax-mulcom 8803 Multiplication of complex numbers is commutative. Axiom 8 of 22 for real and complex numbers, justified by theorem axmulcom 8779. Proofs should normally use mulcom 8825 instead. (New usage is discouraged.) (Contributed by NM, 22-Nov-1994.)
 |-  ( ( A  e.  CC  /\  B  e.  CC )  ->  ( A  x.  B )  =  ( B  x.  A ) )
 
Axiomax-addass 8804 Addition of complex numbers is associative. Axiom 9 of 22 for real and complex numbers, justified by theorem axaddass 8780. Proofs should normally use addass 8826 instead. (New usage is discouraged.) (Contributed by NM, 22-Nov-1994.)
 |-  ( ( A  e.  CC  /\  B  e.  CC  /\  C  e.  CC )  ->  ( ( A  +  B )  +  C )  =  ( A  +  ( B  +  C ) ) )
 
Axiomax-mulass 8805 Multiplication of complex numbers is associative. Axiom 10 of 22 for real and complex numbers, justified by theorem axmulass 8781. Proofs should normally use mulass 8827 instead. (New usage is discouraged.) (Contributed by NM, 22-Nov-1994.)
 |-  ( ( A  e.  CC  /\  B  e.  CC  /\  C  e.  CC )  ->  ( ( A  x.  B )  x.  C )  =  ( A  x.  ( B  x.  C ) ) )
 
Axiomax-distr 8806 Distributive law for complex numbers. Axiom 11 of 22 for real and complex numbers, justified by theorem axdistr 8782. Proofs should normally use adddi 8828 instead. (New usage is discouraged.) (Contributed by NM, 22-Nov-1994.)
 |-  ( ( A  e.  CC  /\  B  e.  CC  /\  C  e.  CC )  ->  ( A  x.  ( B  +  C )
 )  =  ( ( A  x.  B )  +  ( A  x.  C ) ) )
 
Axiomax-i2m1 8807 i-squared equals -1 (expressed as i-squared plus 1 is 0). Axiom 12 of 22 for real and complex numbers, justified by theorem axi2m1 8783. (Contributed by NM, 29-Jan-1995.)
 |-  ( ( _i  x.  _i )  +  1
 )  =  0
 
Axiomax-1ne0 8808 1 and 0 are distinct. Axiom 13 of 22 for real and complex numbers, justified by theorem ax1ne0 8784. (Contributed by NM, 29-Jan-1995.)
 |-  1  =/=  0
 
Axiomax-1rid 8809  1 is an identity element for real multiplication. Axiom 14 of 22 for real and complex numbers, justified by theorem ax1rid 8785. Weakened from the original axiom in the form of statement in mulid1 8837, based on ideas by Eric Schmidt. (Contributed by NM, 29-Jan-1995.)
 |-  ( A  e.  RR  ->  ( A  x.  1
 )  =  A )
 
Axiomax-rnegex 8810* Existence of negative of real number. Axiom 15 of 22 for real and complex numbers, justified by theorem axrnegex 8786. (Contributed by Eric Schmidt, 21-May-2007.)
 |-  ( A  e.  RR  ->  E. x  e.  RR  ( A  +  x )  =  0 )
 
Axiomax-rrecex 8811* Existence of reciprocal of nonzero real number. Axiom 16 of 22 for real and complex numbers, justified by theorem axrrecex 8787. (Contributed by Eric Schmidt, 11-Apr-2007.)
 |-  ( ( A  e.  RR  /\  A  =/=  0
 )  ->  E. x  e.  RR  ( A  x.  x )  =  1
 )
 
Axiomax-cnre 8812* A complex number can be expressed in terms of two reals. Definition 10-1.1(v) of [Gleason] p. 130. Axiom 17 of 22 for real and complex numbers, justified by theorem axcnre 8788. For naming consistency, use cnre 8836 for new proofs. (New usage is discouraged.) (Contributed by NM, 9-May-1999.)
 |-  ( A  e.  CC  ->  E. x  e.  RR  E. y  e.  RR  A  =  ( x  +  ( _i  x.  y ) ) )
 
Axiomax-pre-lttri 8813 Ordering on reals satisfies strict trichotomy. Axiom 18 of 22 for real and complex numbers, justified by theorem axpre-lttri 8789. Note: The more general version for extended reals is axlttri 8896. Normally new proofs would use xrlttri 10475. (New usage is discouraged.) (Contributed by NM, 13-Oct-2005.)
 |-  ( ( A  e.  RR  /\  B  e.  RR )  ->  ( A  <RR  B  <->  -.  ( A  =  B  \/  B  <RR  A ) ) )
 
Axiomax-pre-lttrn 8814 Ordering on reals is transitive. Axiom 19 of 22 for real and complex numbers, justified by theorem axpre-lttrn 8790. Note: The more general version for extended reals is axlttrn 8897. Normally new proofs would use lttr 8901. (New usage is discouraged.) (Contributed by NM, 13-Oct-2005.)
 |-  ( ( A  e.  RR  /\  B  e.  RR  /\  C  e.  RR )  ->  ( ( A  <RR  B 
 /\  B  <RR  C ) 
 ->  A  <RR  C ) )
 
Axiomax-pre-ltadd 8815 Ordering property of addition on reals. Axiom 20 of 22 for real and complex numbers, justified by theorem axpre-ltadd 8791. Normally new proofs would use axltadd 8898. (New usage is discouraged.) (Contributed by NM, 13-Oct-2005.)
 |-  ( ( A  e.  RR  /\  B  e.  RR  /\  C  e.  RR )  ->  ( A  <RR  B  ->  ( C  +  A ) 
 <RR  ( C  +  B ) ) )
 
Axiomax-pre-mulgt0 8816 The product of two positive reals is positive. Axiom 21 of 22 for real and complex numbers, justified by theorem axpre-mulgt0 8792. Normally new proofs would use axmulgt0 8899. (New usage is discouraged.) (Contributed by NM, 13-Oct-2005.)
 |-  ( ( A  e.  RR  /\  B  e.  RR )  ->  ( ( 0 
 <RR  A  /\  0  <RR  B )  ->  0  <RR  ( A  x.  B ) ) )
 
Axiomax-pre-sup 8817* A non-empty, bounded-above set of reals has a supremum. Axiom 22 of 22 for real and complex numbers, justified by theorem axpre-sup 8793. Note: Normally new proofs would use axsup 8900. (New usage is discouraged.) (Contributed by NM, 13-Oct-2005.)
 |-  ( ( A  C_  RR  /\  A  =/=  (/)  /\  E. x  e.  RR  A. y  e.  A  y  <RR  x ) 
 ->  E. x  e.  RR  ( A. y  e.  A  -.  x  <RR  y  /\  A. y  e.  RR  (
 y  <RR  x  ->  E. z  e.  A  y  <RR  z ) ) )
 
Axiomax-addf 8818 Addition is an operation on the complex numbers. This deprecated axiom is provided for historical compatibility but is not a bona fide axiom for complex numbers (independent of set theory) since it cannot be interpreted as a first- or second-order statement (see http://us.metamath.org/downloads/schmidt-cnaxioms.pdf). . It may be deleted in the future and should be avoided for new theorems. Instead, the less specific addcl 8821 should be used. Note that uses of ax-addf 8818 can be eliminated by using the defined operation  ( x  e.  CC ,  y  e.  CC  |->  ( x  +  y ) ) in place of  +, from which this axiom (with the defined operation in place of  +) follows as a theorem.

This axiom is justified by theorem axaddf 8769. (New usage is discouraged.) (Contributed by NM, 19-Oct-2004.)

 |- 
 +  : ( CC 
 X.  CC ) --> CC
 
Axiomax-mulf 8819 Multiplication is an operation on the complex numbers. This deprecated axiom is provided for historical compatibility but is not a bona fide axiom for complex numbers (independent of set theory) since it cannot be interpreted as a first- or second-order statement (see http://us.metamath.org/downloads/schmidt-cnaxioms.pdf). . It may be deleted in the future and should be avoided for new theorems. Instead, the less specific ax-mulcl 8801 should be used. Note that uses of ax-mulf 8819 can be eliminated by using the defined operation  ( x  e.  CC ,  y  e.  CC  |->  ( x  x.  y ) ) in place of  x., from which this axiom (with the defined operation in place of  x.) follows as a theorem.

This axiom is justified by theorem axmulf 8770. (New usage is discouraged.) (Contributed by NM, 19-Oct-2004.)

 |- 
 x.  : ( CC 
 X.  CC ) --> CC
 
5.2  Derive the basic properties from the field axioms
 
5.2.1  Some deductions from the field axioms for complex numbers
 
Theoremcnex 8820 Alias for ax-cnex 8795. See also cnexALT 10352. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 17-Nov-2014.)
 |- 
 CC  e.  _V
 
Theoremaddcl 8821 Alias for ax-addcl 8799, for naming consistency with addcli 8843. Use this theorem instead of ax-addcl 8799 or axaddcl 8775. (Contributed by NM, 10-Mar-2008.)
 |-  ( ( A  e.  CC  /\  B  e.  CC )  ->  ( A  +  B )  e.  CC )
 
Theoremreaddcl 8822 Alias for ax-addrcl 8800, for naming consistency with readdcli 8852. (Contributed by NM, 10-Mar-2008.)
 |-  ( ( A  e.  RR  /\  B  e.  RR )  ->  ( A  +  B )  e.  RR )
 
Theoremmulcl 8823 Alias for ax-mulcl 8801, for naming consistency with mulcli 8844. (Contributed by NM, 10-Mar-2008.)
 |-  ( ( A  e.  CC  /\  B  e.  CC )  ->  ( A  x.  B )  e.  CC )
 
Theoremremulcl 8824 Alias for ax-mulrcl 8802, for naming consistency with remulcli 8853. (Contributed by NM, 10-Mar-2008.)
 |-  ( ( A  e.  RR  /\  B  e.  RR )  ->  ( A  x.  B )  e.  RR )
 
Theoremmulcom 8825 Alias for ax-mulcom 8803, for naming consistency with mulcomi 8845. (Contributed by NM, 10-Mar-2008.)
 |-  ( ( A  e.  CC  /\  B  e.  CC )  ->  ( A  x.  B )  =  ( B  x.  A ) )
 
Theoremaddass 8826 Alias for ax-addass 8804, for naming consistency with addassi 8847. (Contributed by NM, 10-Mar-2008.)
 |-  ( ( A  e.  CC  /\  B  e.  CC  /\  C  e.  CC )  ->  ( ( A  +  B )  +  C )  =  ( A  +  ( B  +  C ) ) )
 
Theoremmulass 8827 Alias for ax-mulass 8805, for naming consistency with mulassi 8848. (Contributed by NM, 10-Mar-2008.)
 |-  ( ( A  e.  CC  /\  B  e.  CC  /\  C  e.  CC )  ->  ( ( A  x.  B )  x.  C )  =  ( A  x.  ( B  x.  C ) ) )
 
Theoremadddi 8828 Alias for ax-distr 8806, for naming consistency with adddii 8849. (Contributed by NM, 10-Mar-2008.)
 |-  ( ( A  e.  CC  /\  B  e.  CC  /\  C  e.  CC )  ->  ( A  x.  ( B  +  C )
 )  =  ( ( A  x.  B )  +  ( A  x.  C ) ) )
 
Theoremrecn 8829 A real number is a complex number. (Contributed by NM, 10-Aug-1999.)
 |-  ( A  e.  RR  ->  A  e.  CC )
 
Theoremreex 8830 The real numbers form a set. See also reexALT 10350. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 17-Nov-2014.)
 |- 
 RR  e.  _V
 
Theoremelimne0 8831 Hypothesis for weak deduction theorem to eliminate  A  =/=  0. (Contributed by NM, 15-May-1999.)
 |- 
 if ( A  =/=  0 ,  A , 
 1 )  =/=  0
 
Theoremadddir 8832 Distributive law for complex numbers. (Contributed by NM, 10-Oct-2004.)
 |-  ( ( A  e.  CC  /\  B  e.  CC  /\  C  e.  CC )  ->  ( ( A  +  B )  x.  C )  =  ( ( A  x.  C )  +  ( B  x.  C ) ) )
 
Theorem0cn 8833 0 is a complex number. See also 0cnALT 9043. (Contributed by NM, 19-Feb-2005.)
 |-  0  e.  CC
 
Theoremc0ex 8834 0 is a set. Common special case. (Contributed by David A. Wheeler, 7-Jul-2016.)
 |-  0  e.  _V
 
Theorem1ex 8835 1 is a set. Common special case. (Contributed by David A. Wheeler, 7-Jul-2016.)
 |-  1  e.  _V
 
Theoremcnre 8836* Alias for ax-cnre 8812, for naming consistency. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 3-Jan-2013.)
 |-  ( A  e.  CC  ->  E. x  e.  RR  E. y  e.  RR  A  =  ( x  +  ( _i  x.  y ) ) )
 
Theoremmulid1 8837  1 is an identity element for multiplication. Based on ideas by Eric Schmidt. (Contributed by Scott Fenton, 3-Jan-2013.)
 |-  ( A  e.  CC  ->  ( A  x.  1
 )  =  A )
 
Theoremmulid2 8838 Identity law for multiplication. Note: see mulid1 8837 for commuted version. (Contributed by NM, 8-Oct-1999.)
 |-  ( A  e.  CC  ->  ( 1  x.  A )  =  A )
 
Theorem1re 8839  1 is a real number. This used to be one of our postulates for complex numbers, but Eric Schmidt discovered that it could be derived from a weaker postulate, ax-1cn 8797, by exploiting properties of the imaginary unit  _i. (Contributed by Eric Schmidt, 11-Apr-2007.) (Revised by Scott Fenton, 3-Jan-2013.)
 |-  1  e.  RR
 
Theorem0re 8840  0 is a real number. See also 0reALT 9145. (Contributed by Eric Schmidt, 21-May-2007.) (Revised by Scott Fenton, 3-Jan-2013.)
 |-  0  e.  RR
 
Theoremmulid1i 8841 Identity law for multiplication. (Contributed by NM, 14-Feb-1995.)
 |-  A  e.  CC   =>    |-  ( A  x.  1 )  =  A
 
Theoremmulid2i 8842 Identity law for multiplication. (Contributed by NM, 14-Feb-1995.)
 |-  A  e.  CC   =>    |-  ( 1  x.  A )  =  A
 
Theoremaddcli 8843 Closure law for addition. (Contributed by NM, 23-Nov-1994.)
 |-  A  e.  CC   &    |-  B  e.  CC   =>    |-  ( A  +  B )  e.  CC
 
Theoremmulcli 8844 Closure law for multiplication. (Contributed by NM, 23-Nov-1994.)
 |-  A  e.  CC   &    |-  B  e.  CC   =>    |-  ( A  x.  B )  e.  CC
 
Theoremmulcomi 8845 Commutative law for multiplication. (Contributed by NM, 23-Nov-1994.)
 |-  A  e.  CC   &    |-  B  e.  CC   =>    |-  ( A  x.  B )  =  ( B  x.  A )
 
Theoremmulcomli 8846 Commutative law for multiplication. (Contributed by NM, 23-Nov-1994.)
 |-  A  e.  CC   &    |-  B  e.  CC   &    |-  ( A  x.  B )  =  C   =>    |-  ( B  x.  A )  =  C
 
Theoremaddassi 8847 Associative law for addition. (Contributed by NM, 23-Nov-1994.)
 |-  A  e.  CC   &    |-  B  e.  CC   &    |-  C  e.  CC   =>    |-  (
 ( A  +  B )  +  C )  =  ( A  +  ( B  +  C )
 )
 
Theoremmulassi 8848 Associative law for multiplication. (Contributed by NM, 23-Nov-1994.)
 |-  A  e.  CC   &    |-  B  e.  CC   &    |-  C  e.  CC   =>    |-  (
 ( A  x.  B )  x.  C )  =  ( A  x.  ( B  x.  C ) )
 
Theoremadddii 8849 Distributive law. (Contributed by NM, 23-Nov-1994.)
 |-  A  e.  CC   &    |-  B  e.  CC   &    |-  C  e.  CC   =>    |-  ( A  x.  ( B  +  C ) )  =  ( ( A  x.  B )  +  ( A  x.  C ) )
 
Theoremadddiri 8850 Distributive law. (Contributed by NM, 16-Feb-1995.)
 |-  A  e.  CC   &    |-  B  e.  CC   &    |-  C  e.  CC   =>    |-  (
 ( A  +  B )  x.  C )  =  ( ( A  x.  C )  +  ( B  x.  C ) )
 
Theoremrecni 8851 A real number is a complex number. (Contributed by NM, 1-Mar-1995.)
 |-  A  e.  RR   =>    |-  A  e.  CC
 
Theoremreaddcli 8852 Closure law for addition of reals. (Contributed by NM, 17-Jan-1997.)
 |-  A  e.  RR   &    |-  B  e.  RR   =>    |-  ( A  +  B )  e.  RR
 
Theoremremulcli 8853 Closure law for multiplication of reals. (Contributed by NM, 17-Jan-1997.)
 |-  A  e.  RR   &    |-  B  e.  RR   =>    |-  ( A  x.  B )  e.  RR
 
Theoremmulid1d 8854 Identity law for multiplication. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 27-May-2016.)
 |-  ( ph  ->  A  e.  CC )   =>    |-  ( ph  ->  ( A  x.  1 )  =  A )
 
Theoremmulid2d 8855 Identity law for multiplication. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 27-May-2016.)
 |-  ( ph  ->  A  e.  CC )   =>    |-  ( ph  ->  (
 1  x.  A )  =  A )
 
Theoremaddcld 8856 Closure law for addition. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 27-May-2016.)
 |-  ( ph  ->  A  e.  CC )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  B  e.  CC )   =>    |-  ( ph  ->  ( A  +  B )  e.  CC )
 
Theoremmulcld 8857 Closure law for multiplication. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 27-May-2016.)
 |-  ( ph  ->  A  e.  CC )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  B  e.  CC )   =>    |-  ( ph  ->  ( A  x.  B )  e.  CC )
 
Theoremmulcomd 8858 Commutative law for multiplication. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 27-May-2016.)
 |-  ( ph  ->  A  e.  CC )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  B  e.  CC )   =>    |-  ( ph  ->  ( A  x.  B )  =  ( B  x.  A ) )
 
Theoremaddassd 8859 Associative law for addition. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 27-May-2016.)
 |-  ( ph  ->  A  e.  CC )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  B  e.  CC )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  C  e.  CC )   =>    |-  ( ph  ->  (
 ( A  +  B )  +  C )  =  ( A  +  ( B  +  C )
 ) )
 
Theoremmulassd 8860 Associative law for multiplication. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 27-May-2016.)
 |-  ( ph  ->  A  e.  CC )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  B  e.  CC )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  C  e.  CC )   =>    |-  ( ph  ->  (
 ( A  x.  B )  x.  C )  =  ( A  x.  ( B  x.  C ) ) )
 
Theoremadddid 8861 Distributive law. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 27-May-2016.)
 |-  ( ph  ->  A  e.  CC )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  B  e.  CC )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  C  e.  CC )   =>    |-  ( ph  ->  ( A  x.  ( B  +  C ) )  =  ( ( A  x.  B )  +  ( A  x.  C ) ) )
 
Theoremadddird 8862 Distributive law. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 27-May-2016.)
 |-  ( ph  ->  A  e.  CC )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  B  e.  CC )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  C  e.  CC )   =>    |-  ( ph  ->  (
 ( A  +  B )  x.  C )  =  ( ( A  x.  C )  +  ( B  x.  C ) ) )
 
Theoremrecnd 8863 Deduction from real number to complex number. (Contributed by NM, 26-Oct-1999.)
 |-  ( ph  ->  A  e.  RR )   =>    |-  ( ph  ->  A  e.  CC )
 
Theoremreaddcld 8864 Closure law for addition of reals. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 27-May-2016.)
 |-  ( ph  ->  A  e.  RR )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  B  e.  RR )   =>    |-  ( ph  ->  ( A  +  B )  e.  RR )
 
Theoremremulcld 8865 Closure law for multiplication of reals. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 27-May-2016.)
 |-  ( ph  ->  A  e.  RR )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  B  e.  RR )   =>    |-  ( ph  ->  ( A  x.  B )  e.  RR )
 
5.2.2  Infinity and the extended real number system
 
Syntaxcpnf 8866 Plus infinity.
 class  +oo
 
Syntaxcmnf 8867 Minus infinity.
 class  -oo
 
Syntaxcxr 8868 The set of extended reals (includes plus and minus infinity).
 class  RR*
 
Syntaxclt 8869 'Less than' predicate (extended to include the extended reals).
 class  <
 
Syntaxcle 8870 Extend wff notation to include the 'less than or equal to' relation.
 class  <_
 
Definitiondf-pnf 8871 Define plus infinity. Note that the definition is arbitrary, requiring only that  +oo be a set not in  RR and different from  -oo (df-mnf 8872). We use  ~P
U. CC to make it independent of the construction of  CC, and Cantor's Theorem will show that it is different from any member of 
CC and therefore  RR. See pnfnre 8876, mnfnre 8877, and pnfnemnf 10461.

A simpler possibility is to define  +oo as  CC and  -oo as  { CC }, but that approach requires the Axiom of Regularity to show that  +oo and  -oo are different from each other and from all members of  RR. (Contributed by NM, 13-Oct-2005.) (New usage is discouraged.)

 |- 
 +oo  =  ~P U. CC
 
Definitiondf-mnf 8872 Define minus infinity as the power set of plus infinity. Note that the definition is arbitrary, requiring only that  -oo be a set not in  RR and different from  +oo (see mnfnre 8877 and pnfnemnf 10461). (Contributed by NM, 13-Oct-2005.) (New usage is discouraged.)
 |- 
 -oo  =  ~P  +oo
 
Definitiondf-xr 8873 Define the set of extended reals that includes plus and minus infinity. Definition 12-3.1 of [Gleason] p. 173. (Contributed by NM, 13-Oct-2005.)
 |-  RR*  =  ( RR  u.  { 
 +oo ,  -oo } )
 
Definitiondf-ltxr 8874* Define 'less than' on the set of extended reals. Definition 12-3.1 of [Gleason] p. 173. Note that in our postulates for complex numbers,  <RR is primitive and not necessarily a relation on  RR. (Contributed by NM, 13-Oct-2005.)
 |- 
 <  =  ( { <. x ,  y >.  |  ( x  e.  RR  /\  y  e.  RR  /\  x  <RR  y ) }  u.  ( ( ( RR 
 u.  {  -oo } )  X.  {  +oo } )  u.  ( {  -oo }  X.  RR ) ) )
 
Definitiondf-le 8875 Define 'less than or equal to' on the extended real subset of complex numbers. Theorem leloe 8910 relates it to 'less than' for reals. (Contributed by NM, 13-Oct-2005.)
 |- 
 <_  =  ( ( RR*  X.  RR* )  \  `'  <  )
 
Theorempnfnre 8876 Plus infinity is not a real number. (Contributed by NM, 13-Oct-2005.)
 |- 
 +oo  e/  RR
 
Theoremmnfnre 8877 Minus infinity is not a real number. (Contributed by NM, 13-Oct-2005.)
 |- 
 -oo  e/  RR
 
Theoremressxr 8878 The standard reals are a subset of the extended reals. (Contributed by NM, 14-Oct-2005.)
 |- 
 RR  C_  RR*
 
Theoremrexr 8879 A standard real is an extended real. (Contributed by NM, 14-Oct-2005.)
 |-  ( A  e.  RR  ->  A  e.  RR* )
 
Theorem0xr 8880 Zero is an extended real. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 15-Jun-2014.)
 |-  0  e.  RR*
 
Theoremrenepnf 8881 No (finite) real equals plus infinity. (Contributed by NM, 14-Oct-2005.) (Proof shortened by Andrew Salmon, 19-Nov-2011.)
 |-  ( A  e.  RR  ->  A  =/=  +oo )
 
Theoremrenemnf 8882 No real equals minus infinity. (Contributed by NM, 14-Oct-2005.) (Proof shortened by Andrew Salmon, 19-Nov-2011.)
 |-  ( A  e.  RR  ->  A  =/=  -oo )
 
Theoremrexrd 8883 A standard real is an extended real. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 28-May-2016.)
 |-  ( ph  ->  A  e.  RR )   =>    |-  ( ph  ->  A  e.  RR* )
 
Theoremrenepnfd 8884 No (finite) real equals plus infinity. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 28-May-2016.)
 |-  ( ph  ->  A  e.  RR )   =>    |-  ( ph  ->  A  =/=  +oo )
 
Theoremrenemnfd 8885 No real equals minus infinity. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 28-May-2016.)
 |-  ( ph  ->  A  e.  RR )   =>    |-  ( ph  ->  A  =/=  -oo )
 
Theoremrexri 8886 A standard real is an extended real (inference form.) (Contributed by David Moews, 28-Feb-2017.)
 |-  A  e.  RR   =>    |-  A  e.  RR*
 
Theoremrenfdisj 8887 The reals and the infinities are disjoint. (Contributed by NM, 25-Oct-2005.) (Proof shortened by Andrew Salmon, 19-Nov-2011.)
 |-  ( RR  i^i  {  +oo ,  -oo } )  =  (/)
 
Theoremltrelxr 8888 'Less than' is a relation on extended reals. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 28-Apr-2015.)
 |- 
 <  C_  ( RR*  X.  RR* )
 
Theoremltrel 8889 'Less than' is a relation. (Contributed by NM, 14-Oct-2005.)
 |- 
 Rel  <
 
Theoremlerelxr 8890 'Less than or equal' is a relation on extended reals. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 28-Apr-2015.)
 |- 
 <_  C_  ( RR*  X.  RR* )
 
Theoremlerel 8891 'Less or equal to' is a relation. (Contributed by FL, 2-Aug-2009.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 28-Apr-2015.)
 |- 
 Rel  <_
 
Theoremxrlenlt 8892 'Less than or equal to' expressed in terms of 'less than', for extended reals. (Contributed by NM, 14-Oct-2005.)
 |-  ( ( A  e.  RR*  /\  B  e.  RR* )  ->  ( A  <_  B  <->  -.  B  <  A ) )
 
Theoremxrltnle 8893 'Less than' expressed in terms of 'less than or equal to', for extended reals. (Contributed by NM, 6-Feb-2007.)
 |-  ( ( A  e.  RR*  /\  B  e.  RR* )  ->  ( A  <  B  <->  -.  B  <_  A )
 )
 
Theoremssxr 8894 The three (non-exclusive) possibilities implied by a subset of extended reals. (Contributed by NM, 25-Oct-2005.) (Proof shortened by Andrew Salmon, 19-Nov-2011.)
 |-  ( A  C_  RR*  ->  ( A  C_  RR  \/  +oo 
 e.  A  \/  -oo  e.  A ) )
 
Theoremltxrlt 8895 The standard less-than  <RR and the extended real less-than  < are identical when restricted to the non-extended reals  RR. (Contributed by NM, 13-Oct-2005.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 28-Apr-2015.)
 |-  ( ( A  e.  RR  /\  B  e.  RR )  ->  ( A  <  B  <->  A  <RR  B ) )
 
5.2.3  Restate the ordering postulates with extended real "less than"
 
Theoremaxlttri 8896 Ordering on reals satisfies strict trichotomy. Axiom 18 of 22 for real and complex numbers, derived from ZF set theory. (This restates ax-pre-lttri 8813 with ordering on the extended reals.) (Contributed by NM, 13-Oct-2005.)
 |-  ( ( A  e.  RR  /\  B  e.  RR )  ->  ( A  <  B  <->  -.  ( A  =  B  \/  B  <  A ) ) )
 
Theoremaxlttrn 8897 Ordering on reals is transitive. Axiom 19 of 22 for real and complex numbers, derived from ZF set theory. This restates ax-pre-lttrn 8814 with ordering on the extended reals. New proofs should use lttr 8901 instead for naming consistency. (New usage is discouraged.) (Contributed by NM, 13-Oct-2005.)
 |-  ( ( A  e.  RR  /\  B  e.  RR  /\  C  e.  RR )  ->  ( ( A  <  B 
 /\  B  <  C )  ->  A  <  C ) )
 
Theoremaxltadd 8898 Ordering property of addition on reals. Axiom 20 of 22 for real and complex numbers, derived from ZF set theory. (This restates ax-pre-ltadd 8815 with ordering on the extended reals.) (Contributed by NM, 13-Oct-2005.)
 |-  ( ( A  e.  RR  /\  B  e.  RR  /\  C  e.  RR )  ->  ( A  <  B  ->  ( C  +  A )  <  ( C  +  B ) ) )
 
Theoremaxmulgt0 8899 The product of two positive reals is positive. Axiom 21 of 22 for real and complex numbers, derived from ZF set theory. (This restates ax-pre-mulgt0 8816 with ordering on the extended reals.) (Contributed by NM, 13-Oct-2005.)
 |-  ( ( A  e.  RR  /\  B  e.  RR )  ->  ( ( 0  <  A  /\  0  <  B )  ->  0  <  ( A  x.  B ) ) )
 
Theoremaxsup 8900* A non-empty, bounded-above set of reals has a supremum. Axiom 22 of 22 for real and complex numbers, derived from ZF set theory. (This restates ax-pre-sup 8817 with ordering on the extended reals.) (Contributed by NM, 13-Oct-2005.)
 |-  ( ( A  C_  RR  /\  A  =/=  (/)  /\  E. x  e.  RR  A. y  e.  A  y  <  x )  ->  E. x  e.  RR  ( A. y  e.  A  -.  x  <  y  /\  A. y  e.  RR  (
 y  <  x  ->  E. z  e.  A  y  <  z ) ) )
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