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Theorem List for Metamath Proof Explorer - 9001-9100   *Has distinct variable group(s)
TypeLabelDescription
Statement
 
Theoremaddcani 9001 Cancellation law for addition. Theorem I.1 of [Apostol] p. 18. (Contributed by NM, 27-Oct-1999.) (Revised by Scott Fenton, 3-Jan-2013.)
 |-  A  e.  CC   &    |-  B  e.  CC   &    |-  C  e.  CC   =>    |-  (
 ( A  +  B )  =  ( A  +  C )  <->  B  =  C )
 
Theoremaddcan2i 9002 Cancellation law for addition. Theorem I.1 of [Apostol] p. 18. (Contributed by NM, 14-May-2003.) (Revised by Scott Fenton, 3-Jan-2013.)
 |-  A  e.  CC   &    |-  B  e.  CC   &    |-  C  e.  CC   =>    |-  (
 ( A  +  C )  =  ( B  +  C )  <->  A  =  B )
 
Theoremmul12i 9003 Commutative/associative law that swaps the first two factors in a triple product. (Contributed by NM, 11-May-1999.) (Proof shortened by Andrew Salmon, 19-Nov-2011.)
 |-  A  e.  CC   &    |-  B  e.  CC   &    |-  C  e.  CC   =>    |-  ( A  x.  ( B  x.  C ) )  =  ( B  x.  ( A  x.  C ) )
 
Theoremmul32i 9004 Commutative/associative law that swaps the last two factors in a triple product. (Contributed by NM, 11-May-1999.)
 |-  A  e.  CC   &    |-  B  e.  CC   &    |-  C  e.  CC   =>    |-  (
 ( A  x.  B )  x.  C )  =  ( ( A  x.  C )  x.  B )
 
Theoremmul4i 9005 Rearrangement of 4 factors. (Contributed by NM, 16-Feb-1995.)
 |-  A  e.  CC   &    |-  B  e.  CC   &    |-  C  e.  CC   &    |-  D  e.  CC   =>    |-  ( ( A  x.  B )  x.  ( C  x.  D ) )  =  ( ( A  x.  C )  x.  ( B  x.  D ) )
 
Theoremmul02d 9006 Multiplication by 0. Theorem I.6 of [Apostol] p. 18. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 27-May-2016.)
 |-  ( ph  ->  A  e.  CC )   =>    |-  ( ph  ->  (
 0  x.  A )  =  0 )
 
Theoremmul01d 9007 Multiplication by  0. Theorem I.6 of [Apostol] p. 18. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 27-May-2016.)
 |-  ( ph  ->  A  e.  CC )   =>    |-  ( ph  ->  ( A  x.  0 )  =  0 )
 
Theoremaddid1d 9008  0 is an additive identity. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 27-May-2016.)
 |-  ( ph  ->  A  e.  CC )   =>    |-  ( ph  ->  ( A  +  0 )  =  A )
 
Theoremaddid2d 9009  0 is a left identity for addition. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 27-May-2016.)
 |-  ( ph  ->  A  e.  CC )   =>    |-  ( ph  ->  (
 0  +  A )  =  A )
 
Theoremaddcomd 9010 Addition commutes. Based on ideas by Eric Schmidt. (Contributed by Scott Fenton, 3-Jan-2013.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 27-May-2016.)
 |-  ( ph  ->  A  e.  CC )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  B  e.  CC )   =>    |-  ( ph  ->  ( A  +  B )  =  ( B  +  A ) )
 
Theoremaddcand 9011 Cancellation law for addition. Theorem I.1 of [Apostol] p. 18. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 27-May-2016.)
 |-  ( ph  ->  A  e.  CC )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  B  e.  CC )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  C  e.  CC )   =>    |-  ( ph  ->  (
 ( A  +  B )  =  ( A  +  C )  <->  B  =  C ) )
 
Theoremaddcan2d 9012 Cancellation law for addition. Theorem I.1 of [Apostol] p. 18. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 27-May-2016.)
 |-  ( ph  ->  A  e.  CC )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  B  e.  CC )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  C  e.  CC )   =>    |-  ( ph  ->  (
 ( A  +  C )  =  ( B  +  C )  <->  A  =  B ) )
 
Theoremaddcanad 9013 Cancelling a term on the left-hand side of a sum in an equality. Consequence of addcand 9011. (Contributed by David Moews, 28-Feb-2017.)
 |-  ( ph  ->  A  e.  CC )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  B  e.  CC )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  C  e.  CC )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  ( A  +  B )  =  ( A  +  C ) )   =>    |-  ( ph  ->  B  =  C )
 
Theoremaddcan2ad 9014 Cancelling a term on the right-hand side of a sum in an equality. Consequence of addcan2d 9012. (Contributed by David Moews, 28-Feb-2017.)
 |-  ( ph  ->  A  e.  CC )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  B  e.  CC )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  C  e.  CC )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  ( A  +  C )  =  ( B  +  C ) )   =>    |-  ( ph  ->  A  =  B )
 
Theoremaddneintrd 9015 Introducing a term on the left-hand side of a sum in a negated equality. Contrapositive of addcanad 9013. Consequence of addcand 9011. (Contributed by David Moews, 28-Feb-2017.)
 |-  ( ph  ->  A  e.  CC )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  B  e.  CC )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  C  e.  CC )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  B  =/=  C )   =>    |-  ( ph  ->  ( A  +  B )  =/=  ( A  +  C ) )
 
Theoremaddneintr2d 9016 Introducing a term on the right-hand side of a sum in a negated equality. Contrapositive of addcan2ad 9014. Consequence of addcan2d 9012. (Contributed by David Moews, 28-Feb-2017.)
 |-  ( ph  ->  A  e.  CC )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  B  e.  CC )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  C  e.  CC )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  A  =/=  B )   =>    |-  ( ph  ->  ( A  +  C )  =/=  ( B  +  C ) )
 
Theoremmul12d 9017 Commutative/associative law that swaps the first two factors in a triple product. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 27-May-2016.)
 |-  ( ph  ->  A  e.  CC )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  B  e.  CC )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  C  e.  CC )   =>    |-  ( ph  ->  ( A  x.  ( B  x.  C ) )  =  ( B  x.  ( A  x.  C ) ) )
 
Theoremmul32d 9018 Commutative/associative law that swaps the last two factors in a triple product. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 27-May-2016.)
 |-  ( ph  ->  A  e.  CC )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  B  e.  CC )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  C  e.  CC )   =>    |-  ( ph  ->  (
 ( A  x.  B )  x.  C )  =  ( ( A  x.  C )  x.  B ) )
 
Theoremmul31d 9019 Commutative/associative law. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 27-May-2016.)
 |-  ( ph  ->  A  e.  CC )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  B  e.  CC )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  C  e.  CC )   =>    |-  ( ph  ->  (
 ( A  x.  B )  x.  C )  =  ( ( C  x.  B )  x.  A ) )
 
Theoremmul4d 9020 Rearrangement of 4 factors. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 27-May-2016.)
 |-  ( ph  ->  A  e.  CC )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  B  e.  CC )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  C  e.  CC )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  D  e.  CC )   =>    |-  ( ph  ->  (
 ( A  x.  B )  x.  ( C  x.  D ) )  =  ( ( A  x.  C )  x.  ( B  x.  D ) ) )
 
5.3  Real and complex numbers - basic operations
 
5.3.1  Addition
 
Theoremadd12 9021 Commutative/associative law that swaps the first two terms in a triple sum. (Contributed by NM, 11-May-2004.)
 |-  ( ( A  e.  CC  /\  B  e.  CC  /\  C  e.  CC )  ->  ( A  +  ( B  +  C )
 )  =  ( B  +  ( A  +  C ) ) )
 
Theoremadd32 9022 Commutative/associative law that swaps the last two terms in a triple sum. (Contributed by NM, 13-Nov-1999.)
 |-  ( ( A  e.  CC  /\  B  e.  CC  /\  C  e.  CC )  ->  ( ( A  +  B )  +  C )  =  ( ( A  +  C )  +  B ) )
 
Theoremadd4 9023 Rearrangement of 4 terms in a sum. (Contributed by NM, 13-Nov-1999.) (Proof shortened by Andrew Salmon, 22-Oct-2011.)
 |-  ( ( ( A  e.  CC  /\  B  e.  CC )  /\  ( C  e.  CC  /\  D  e.  CC ) )  ->  ( ( A  +  B )  +  ( C  +  D )
 )  =  ( ( A  +  C )  +  ( B  +  D ) ) )
 
Theoremadd42 9024 Rearrangement of 4 terms in a sum. (Contributed by NM, 12-May-2005.)
 |-  ( ( ( A  e.  CC  /\  B  e.  CC )  /\  ( C  e.  CC  /\  D  e.  CC ) )  ->  ( ( A  +  B )  +  ( C  +  D )
 )  =  ( ( A  +  C )  +  ( D  +  B ) ) )
 
Theoremadd12i 9025 Commutative/associative law that swaps the first two terms in a triple sum. (Contributed by NM, 21-Jan-1997.)
 |-  A  e.  CC   &    |-  B  e.  CC   &    |-  C  e.  CC   =>    |-  ( A  +  ( B  +  C ) )  =  ( B  +  ( A  +  C )
 )
 
Theoremadd32i 9026 Commutative/associative law that swaps the last two terms in a triple sum. (Contributed by NM, 21-Jan-1997.)
 |-  A  e.  CC   &    |-  B  e.  CC   &    |-  C  e.  CC   =>    |-  (
 ( A  +  B )  +  C )  =  ( ( A  +  C )  +  B )
 
Theoremadd4i 9027 Rearrangement of 4 terms in a sum. (Contributed by NM, 9-May-1999.)
 |-  A  e.  CC   &    |-  B  e.  CC   &    |-  C  e.  CC   &    |-  D  e.  CC   =>    |-  ( ( A  +  B )  +  ( C  +  D )
 )  =  ( ( A  +  C )  +  ( B  +  D ) )
 
Theoremadd42i 9028 Rearrangement of 4 terms in a sum. (Contributed by NM, 22-Aug-1999.)
 |-  A  e.  CC   &    |-  B  e.  CC   &    |-  C  e.  CC   &    |-  D  e.  CC   =>    |-  ( ( A  +  B )  +  ( C  +  D )
 )  =  ( ( A  +  C )  +  ( D  +  B ) )
 
Theoremadd12d 9029 Commutative/associative law that swaps the first two terms in a triple sum. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 27-May-2016.)
 |-  ( ph  ->  A  e.  CC )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  B  e.  CC )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  C  e.  CC )   =>    |-  ( ph  ->  ( A  +  ( B  +  C ) )  =  ( B  +  ( A  +  C )
 ) )
 
Theoremadd32d 9030 Commutative/associative law that swaps the last two terms in a triple sum. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 27-May-2016.)
 |-  ( ph  ->  A  e.  CC )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  B  e.  CC )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  C  e.  CC )   =>    |-  ( ph  ->  (
 ( A  +  B )  +  C )  =  ( ( A  +  C )  +  B ) )
 
Theoremadd4d 9031 Rearrangement of 4 terms in a sum. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 27-May-2016.)
 |-  ( ph  ->  A  e.  CC )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  B  e.  CC )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  C  e.  CC )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  D  e.  CC )   =>    |-  ( ph  ->  (
 ( A  +  B )  +  ( C  +  D ) )  =  ( ( A  +  C )  +  ( B  +  D )
 ) )
 
Theoremadd42d 9032 Rearrangement of 4 terms in a sum. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 27-May-2016.)
 |-  ( ph  ->  A  e.  CC )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  B  e.  CC )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  C  e.  CC )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  D  e.  CC )   =>    |-  ( ph  ->  (
 ( A  +  B )  +  ( C  +  D ) )  =  ( ( A  +  C )  +  ( D  +  B )
 ) )
 
5.3.2  Subtraction
 
Syntaxcmin 9033 Extend class notation to include subtraction.
 class  -
 
Syntaxcneg 9034 Extend class notation to include unary minus. The symbol  -u is not a class by itself but part of a compound class definition. We do this rather than making it a formal function since it is so commonly used. Note: We use different symbols for unary minus ( -u) and subtraction cmin 9033 ( -) to prevent syntax ambiguity. For example, looking at the syntax definition co 5820, if we used the same symbol then " (  -  A  -  B ) " could mean either " -  A " minus " B", or it could represent the (meaningless) operation of classes " - " and " -  B " connected with "operation" " A". On the other hand, " ( -u A  -  B ) " is unambiguous.
 class  -u A
 
Definitiondf-sub 9035* Define subtraction. Theorem subval 9039 shows it value (and describes how this definition works), theorem subaddi 9129 relates it to addition, and theorems subcli 9118 and resubcli 9105 prove its closure laws. (Contributed by NM, 26-Nov-1994.)
 |- 
 -  =  ( x  e.  CC ,  y  e.  CC  |->  ( iota_ z  e. 
 CC ( y  +  z )  =  x ) )
 
Definitiondf-neg 9036 Define the negative of a number (unary minus). We use different symbols for unary minus ( -u) and subtraction ( -) to prevent syntax ambiguity. See cneg 9034 for a discussion of this. (Contributed by NM, 10-Feb-1995.)
 |-  -u A  =  (
 0  -  A )
 
Theorem0cnALT 9037 0 is a complex number. (Proved without referencing ax-1cn 8791. Compare 0cn 8827.) (Contributed by NM, 19-Feb-2005.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 27-May-2016.) (Proof modification is discouraged.) (New usage is discouraged.)
 |-  0  e.  CC
 
Theoremnegeu 9038* Existential uniqueness of negatives. Theorem I.2 of [Apostol] p. 18. (Contributed by NM, 22-Nov-1994.) (Proof shortened by Mario Carneiro, 27-May-2016.)
 |-  ( ( A  e.  CC  /\  B  e.  CC )  ->  E! x  e. 
 CC  ( A  +  x )  =  B )
 
Theoremsubval 9039* Value of subtraction, which is the (unique) element  x such that  B  +  x  =  A. (Contributed by NM, 4-Aug-2007.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 2-Nov-2013.)
 |-  ( ( A  e.  CC  /\  B  e.  CC )  ->  ( A  -  B )  =  ( iota_ x  e.  CC ( B  +  x )  =  A ) )
 
Theoremnegeq 9040 Equality theorem for negatives. (Contributed by NM, 10-Feb-1995.)
 |-  ( A  =  B  -> 
 -u A  =  -u B )
 
Theoremnegeqi 9041 Equality inference for negatives. (Contributed by NM, 14-Feb-1995.)
 |-  A  =  B   =>    |-  -u A  =  -u B
 
Theoremnegeqd 9042 Equality deduction for negatives. (Contributed by NM, 14-May-1999.)
 |-  ( ph  ->  A  =  B )   =>    |-  ( ph  ->  -u A  =  -u B )
 
Theoremnfnegd 9043 Deduction version of nfneg 9044. (Contributed by NM, 29-Feb-2008.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 15-Oct-2016.)
 |-  ( ph  ->  F/_ x A )   =>    |-  ( ph  ->  F/_ x -u A )
 
Theoremnfneg 9044 Bound-variable hypothesis builder for the negative of a complex number. (Contributed by NM, 12-Jun-2005.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 15-Oct-2016.)
 |-  F/_ x A   =>    |-  F/_ x -u A
 
Theoremcsbnegg 9045 Move class substitution in and out of the negative of a number. (Contributed by NM, 1-Mar-2008.) (Proof shortened by Andrew Salmon, 22-Oct-2011.)
 |-  ( A  e.  V  -> 
 [_ A  /  x ]_ -u B  =  -u [_ A  /  x ]_ B )
 
Theoremnegex 9046 A negative is a set. (Contributed by NM, 4-Apr-2005.)
 |-  -u A  e.  _V
 
Theoremsubcl 9047 Closure law for subtraction. (Contributed by NM, 10-May-1999.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 21-Dec-2013.)
 |-  ( ( A  e.  CC  /\  B  e.  CC )  ->  ( A  -  B )  e.  CC )
 
Theoremnegcl 9048 Closure law for negative. (Contributed by NM, 6-Aug-2003.)
 |-  ( A  e.  CC  -> 
 -u A  e.  CC )
 
Theoremsubf 9049 Subtraction is an operation on the complex numbers. (Contributed by NM, 4-Aug-2007.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 16-Nov-2013.)
 |- 
 -  : ( CC 
 X.  CC ) --> CC
 
Theoremsubadd 9050 Relationship between subtraction and addition. (Contributed by NM, 20-Jan-1997.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 21-Dec-2013.)
 |-  ( ( A  e.  CC  /\  B  e.  CC  /\  C  e.  CC )  ->  ( ( A  -  B )  =  C  <->  ( B  +  C )  =  A ) )
 
Theoremsubadd2 9051 Relationship between subtraction and addition. (Contributed by Scott Fenton, 5-Jul-2013.) (Proof shortened by Mario Carneiro, 27-May-2016.)
 |-  ( ( A  e.  CC  /\  B  e.  CC  /\  C  e.  CC )  ->  ( ( A  -  B )  =  C  <->  ( C  +  B )  =  A ) )
 
Theoremsubsub23 9052 Swap subtrahend and result of subtraction. (Contributed by NM, 14-Dec-2007.)
 |-  ( ( A  e.  CC  /\  B  e.  CC  /\  C  e.  CC )  ->  ( ( A  -  B )  =  C  <->  ( A  -  C )  =  B ) )
 
Theorempncan 9053 Cancellation law for subtraction. (Contributed by NM, 10-May-2004.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 27-May-2016.)
 |-  ( ( A  e.  CC  /\  B  e.  CC )  ->  ( ( A  +  B )  -  B )  =  A )
 
Theorempncan2 9054 Cancellation law for subtraction. (Contributed by NM, 17-Apr-2005.)
 |-  ( ( A  e.  CC  /\  B  e.  CC )  ->  ( ( A  +  B )  -  A )  =  B )
 
Theorempncan3 9055 Subtraction and addition of equals. (Contributed by NM, 14-Mar-2005.)
 |-  ( ( A  e.  CC  /\  B  e.  CC )  ->  ( A  +  ( B  -  A ) )  =  B )
 
Theoremnpcan 9056 Cancellation law for subtraction. (Contributed by NM, 10-May-2004.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 27-May-2016.)
 |-  ( ( A  e.  CC  /\  B  e.  CC )  ->  ( ( A  -  B )  +  B )  =  A )
 
Theoremaddsubass 9057 Associative-type law for addition and subtraction. (Contributed by NM, 6-Aug-2003.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 27-May-2016.)
 |-  ( ( A  e.  CC  /\  B  e.  CC  /\  C  e.  CC )  ->  ( ( A  +  B )  -  C )  =  ( A  +  ( B  -  C ) ) )
 
Theoremaddsub 9058 Law for addition and subtraction. (Contributed by NM, 19-Aug-2001.) (Proof shortened by Andrew Salmon, 22-Oct-2011.)
 |-  ( ( A  e.  CC  /\  B  e.  CC  /\  C  e.  CC )  ->  ( ( A  +  B )  -  C )  =  ( ( A  -  C )  +  B ) )
 
Theoremsubadd23 9059 Commutative/associative law for addition and subtraction. (Contributed by NM, 1-Feb-2007.)
 |-  ( ( A  e.  CC  /\  B  e.  CC  /\  C  e.  CC )  ->  ( ( A  -  B )  +  C )  =  ( A  +  ( C  -  B ) ) )
 
Theoremaddsub12 9060 Commutative/associative law for addition and subtraction. (Contributed by NM, 8-Feb-2005.)
 |-  ( ( A  e.  CC  /\  B  e.  CC  /\  C  e.  CC )  ->  ( A  +  ( B  -  C ) )  =  ( B  +  ( A  -  C ) ) )
 
Theorem2addsub 9061 Law for subtraction and addition. (Contributed by NM, 20-Nov-2005.)
 |-  ( ( ( A  e.  CC  /\  B  e.  CC )  /\  ( C  e.  CC  /\  D  e.  CC ) )  ->  ( ( ( A  +  B )  +  C )  -  D )  =  ( (
 ( A  +  C )  -  D )  +  B ) )
 
Theoremaddsubeq4 9062 Relation between sums and differences. (Contributed by Jeff Madsen, 17-Jun-2010.)
 |-  ( ( ( A  e.  CC  /\  B  e.  CC )  /\  ( C  e.  CC  /\  D  e.  CC ) )  ->  ( ( A  +  B )  =  ( C  +  D )  <->  ( C  -  A )  =  ( B  -  D ) ) )
 
Theoremsubid 9063 Subtraction of a number from itself. (Contributed by NM, 8-Oct-1999.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 27-May-2016.)
 |-  ( A  e.  CC  ->  ( A  -  A )  =  0 )
 
Theoremsubid1 9064 Identity law for subtraction. (Contributed by NM, 9-May-2004.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 27-May-2016.)
 |-  ( A  e.  CC  ->  ( A  -  0
 )  =  A )
 
Theoremnpncan 9065 Cancellation law for subtraction. (Contributed by NM, 8-Feb-2005.)
 |-  ( ( A  e.  CC  /\  B  e.  CC  /\  C  e.  CC )  ->  ( ( A  -  B )  +  ( B  -  C ) )  =  ( A  -  C ) )
 
Theoremnppcan 9066 Cancellation law for subtraction. (Contributed by NM, 1-Sep-2005.)
 |-  ( ( A  e.  CC  /\  B  e.  CC  /\  C  e.  CC )  ->  ( ( ( A  -  B )  +  C )  +  B )  =  ( A  +  C ) )
 
Theoremnppcan3 9067 Cancellation law for subtraction. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 14-Sep-2015.)
 |-  ( ( A  e.  CC  /\  B  e.  CC  /\  C  e.  CC )  ->  ( ( A  -  B )  +  ( C  +  B )
 )  =  ( A  +  C ) )
 
Theoremsubcan2 9068 Cancellation law for subtraction. (Contributed by NM, 8-Feb-2005.)
 |-  ( ( A  e.  CC  /\  B  e.  CC  /\  C  e.  CC )  ->  ( ( A  -  C )  =  ( B  -  C )  <->  A  =  B ) )
 
Theoremsubeq0 9069 If the difference between two numbers is zero, they are equal. (Contributed by NM, 16-Nov-1999.)
 |-  ( ( A  e.  CC  /\  B  e.  CC )  ->  ( ( A  -  B )  =  0  <->  A  =  B ) )
 
Theoremnpncan2 9070 Cancellation law for subtraction. (Contributed by Scott Fenton, 21-Jun-2013.)
 |-  ( ( A  e.  CC  /\  B  e.  CC )  ->  ( ( A  -  B )  +  ( B  -  A ) )  =  0
 )
 
Theoremsubsub2 9071 Law for double subtraction. (Contributed by NM, 30-Jun-2005.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 27-May-2016.)
 |-  ( ( A  e.  CC  /\  B  e.  CC  /\  C  e.  CC )  ->  ( A  -  ( B  -  C ) )  =  ( A  +  ( C  -  B ) ) )
 
Theoremnncan 9072 Cancellation law for subtraction. (Contributed by NM, 21-Jun-2005.) (Proof shortened by Andrew Salmon, 19-Nov-2011.)
 |-  ( ( A  e.  CC  /\  B  e.  CC )  ->  ( A  -  ( A  -  B ) )  =  B )
 
Theoremsubsub 9073 Law for double subtraction. (Contributed by NM, 13-May-2004.)
 |-  ( ( A  e.  CC  /\  B  e.  CC  /\  C  e.  CC )  ->  ( A  -  ( B  -  C ) )  =  ( ( A  -  B )  +  C ) )
 
Theoremnppcan2 9074 Cancellation law for subtraction. (Contributed by NM, 29-Sep-2005.)
 |-  ( ( A  e.  CC  /\  B  e.  CC  /\  C  e.  CC )  ->  ( ( A  -  ( B  +  C ) )  +  C )  =  ( A  -  B ) )
 
Theoremsubsub3 9075 Law for double subtraction. (Contributed by NM, 27-Jul-2005.)
 |-  ( ( A  e.  CC  /\  B  e.  CC  /\  C  e.  CC )  ->  ( A  -  ( B  -  C ) )  =  ( ( A  +  C )  -  B ) )
 
Theoremsubsub4 9076 Law for double subtraction. (Contributed by NM, 19-Aug-2005.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 27-May-2016.)
 |-  ( ( A  e.  CC  /\  B  e.  CC  /\  C  e.  CC )  ->  ( ( A  -  B )  -  C )  =  ( A  -  ( B  +  C ) ) )
 
Theoremsub32 9077 Swap the second and third terms in a double subtraction. (Contributed by NM, 19-Aug-2005.)
 |-  ( ( A  e.  CC  /\  B  e.  CC  /\  C  e.  CC )  ->  ( ( A  -  B )  -  C )  =  ( ( A  -  C )  -  B ) )
 
Theoremnnncan 9078 Cancellation law for subtraction. (Contributed by NM, 4-Sep-2005.)
 |-  ( ( A  e.  CC  /\  B  e.  CC  /\  C  e.  CC )  ->  ( ( A  -  ( B  -  C ) )  -  C )  =  ( A  -  B ) )
 
Theoremnnncan1 9079 Cancellation law for subtraction. (Contributed by NM, 8-Feb-2005.) (Proof shortened by Andrew Salmon, 19-Nov-2011.)
 |-  ( ( A  e.  CC  /\  B  e.  CC  /\  C  e.  CC )  ->  ( ( A  -  B )  -  ( A  -  C ) )  =  ( C  -  B ) )
 
Theoremnnncan2 9080 Cancellation law for subtraction. (Contributed by NM, 1-Oct-2005.)
 |-  ( ( A  e.  CC  /\  B  e.  CC  /\  C  e.  CC )  ->  ( ( A  -  C )  -  ( B  -  C ) )  =  ( A  -  B ) )
 
Theoremnpncan3 9081 Cancellation law for subtraction. (Contributed by Scott Fenton, 23-Jun-2013.) (Proof shortened by Mario Carneiro, 27-May-2016.)
 |-  ( ( A  e.  CC  /\  B  e.  CC  /\  C  e.  CC )  ->  ( ( A  -  B )  +  ( C  -  A ) )  =  ( C  -  B ) )
 
Theorempnpcan 9082 Cancellation law for mixed addition and subtraction. (Contributed by NM, 4-Mar-2005.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 27-May-2016.)
 |-  ( ( A  e.  CC  /\  B  e.  CC  /\  C  e.  CC )  ->  ( ( A  +  B )  -  ( A  +  C )
 )  =  ( B  -  C ) )
 
Theorempnpcan2 9083 Cancellation law for mixed addition and subtraction. (Contributed by Scott Fenton, 9-Jun-2006.)
 |-  ( ( A  e.  CC  /\  B  e.  CC  /\  C  e.  CC )  ->  ( ( A  +  C )  -  ( B  +  C )
 )  =  ( A  -  B ) )
 
Theorempnncan 9084 Cancellation law for mixed addition and subtraction. (Contributed by NM, 30-Jun-2005.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 27-May-2016.)
 |-  ( ( A  e.  CC  /\  B  e.  CC  /\  C  e.  CC )  ->  ( ( A  +  B )  -  ( A  -  C ) )  =  ( B  +  C ) )
 
Theoremppncan 9085 Cancellation law for mixed addition and subtraction. (Contributed by NM, 30-Jun-2005.)
 |-  ( ( A  e.  CC  /\  B  e.  CC  /\  C  e.  CC )  ->  ( ( A  +  B )  +  ( C  -  B ) )  =  ( A  +  C ) )
 
Theoremaddsub4 9086 Rearrangement of 4 terms in a mixed addition and subtraction. (Contributed by NM, 4-Mar-2005.)
 |-  ( ( ( A  e.  CC  /\  B  e.  CC )  /\  ( C  e.  CC  /\  D  e.  CC ) )  ->  ( ( A  +  B )  -  ( C  +  D )
 )  =  ( ( A  -  C )  +  ( B  -  D ) ) )
 
Theoremsubadd4 9087 Rearrangement of 4 terms in a mixed addition and subtraction. (Contributed by NM, 24-Aug-2006.)
 |-  ( ( ( A  e.  CC  /\  B  e.  CC )  /\  ( C  e.  CC  /\  D  e.  CC ) )  ->  ( ( A  -  B )  -  ( C  -  D ) )  =  ( ( A  +  D )  -  ( B  +  C ) ) )
 
Theoremsub4 9088 Rearrangement of 4 terms in a subtraction. (Contributed by NM, 23-Nov-2007.)
 |-  ( ( ( A  e.  CC  /\  B  e.  CC )  /\  ( C  e.  CC  /\  D  e.  CC ) )  ->  ( ( A  -  B )  -  ( C  -  D ) )  =  ( ( A  -  C )  -  ( B  -  D ) ) )
 
Theoremneg0 9089 Minus 0 equals 0. (Contributed by NM, 17-Jan-1997.)
 |-  -u 0  =  0
 
Theoremnegid 9090 Addition of a number and its negative. (Contributed by NM, 14-Mar-2005.)
 |-  ( A  e.  CC  ->  ( A  +  -u A )  =  0 )
 
Theoremnegsub 9091 Relationship between subtraction and negative. Theorem I.3 of [Apostol] p. 18. (Contributed by NM, 21-Jan-1997.) (Proof shortened by Mario Carneiro, 27-May-2016.)
 |-  ( ( A  e.  CC  /\  B  e.  CC )  ->  ( A  +  -u B )  =  ( A  -  B ) )
 
Theoremsubneg 9092 Relationship between subtraction and negative. (Contributed by NM, 10-May-2004.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 27-May-2016.)
 |-  ( ( A  e.  CC  /\  B  e.  CC )  ->  ( A  -  -u B )  =  ( A  +  B ) )
 
Theoremnegneg 9093 A number is equal to the negative of its negative. Theorem I.4 of [Apostol] p. 18. (Contributed by NM, 12-Jan-2002.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 27-May-2016.)
 |-  ( A  e.  CC  -> 
 -u -u A  =  A )
 
Theoremneg11 9094 Negative is one-to-one. (Contributed by NM, 8-Feb-2005.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 27-May-2016.)
 |-  ( ( A  e.  CC  /\  B  e.  CC )  ->  ( -u A  =  -u B  <->  A  =  B ) )
 
Theoremnegcon1 9095 Negative contraposition law. (Contributed by NM, 9-May-2004.)
 |-  ( ( A  e.  CC  /\  B  e.  CC )  ->  ( -u A  =  B  <->  -u B  =  A ) )
 
Theoremnegcon2 9096 Negative contraposition law. (Contributed by NM, 14-Nov-2004.)
 |-  ( ( A  e.  CC  /\  B  e.  CC )  ->  ( A  =  -u B  <->  B  =  -u A ) )
 
Theoremnegeq0 9097 A number is zero iff its negative is zero. (Contributed by NM, 12-Jul-2005.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 27-May-2016.)
 |-  ( A  e.  CC  ->  ( A  =  0  <->  -u A  =  0 ) )
 
Theoremsubcan 9098 Cancellation law for subtraction. (Contributed by NM, 8-Feb-2005.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 27-May-2016.)
 |-  ( ( A  e.  CC  /\  B  e.  CC  /\  C  e.  CC )  ->  ( ( A  -  B )  =  ( A  -  C )  <->  B  =  C ) )
 
Theoremnegsubdi 9099 Distribution of negative over subtraction. (Contributed by NM, 15-Nov-2004.) (Proof shortened by Mario Carneiro, 27-May-2016.)
 |-  ( ( A  e.  CC  /\  B  e.  CC )  ->  -u ( A  -  B )  =  ( -u A  +  B ) )
 
Theoremnegdi 9100 Distribution of negative over addition. (Contributed by NM, 10-May-2004.) (Proof shortened by Mario Carneiro, 27-May-2016.)
 |-  ( ( A  e.  CC  /\  B  e.  CC )  ->  -u ( A  +  B )  =  ( -u A  +  -u B ) )
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