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Theorem norm-ii-i 21546
Description: Triangle inequality for norms. Theorem 3.3(ii) of [Beran] p. 97. (Contributed by NM, 11-Aug-1999.) (New usage is discouraged.)
Hypotheses
Ref Expression
norm-ii.1  |-  A  e. 
~H
norm-ii.2  |-  B  e. 
~H
Assertion
Ref Expression
norm-ii-i  |-  ( normh `  ( A  +h  B
) )  <_  (
( normh `  A )  +  ( normh `  B
) )

Proof of Theorem norm-ii-i
StepHypRef Expression
1 1re 8717 . . . . . . . . . . 11  |-  1  e.  RR
2 ax-1cn 8675 . . . . . . . . . . . 12  |-  1  e.  CC
32cjrebi 11536 . . . . . . . . . . 11  |-  ( 1  e.  RR  <->  ( * `  1 )  =  1 )
41, 3mpbi 201 . . . . . . . . . 10  |-  ( * `
 1 )  =  1
54oveq1i 5720 . . . . . . . . 9  |-  ( ( * `  1 )  x.  ( B  .ih  A ) )  =  ( 1  x.  ( B 
.ih  A ) )
6 norm-ii.2 . . . . . . . . . . 11  |-  B  e. 
~H
7 norm-ii.1 . . . . . . . . . . 11  |-  A  e. 
~H
86, 7hicli 21490 . . . . . . . . . 10  |-  ( B 
.ih  A )  e.  CC
98mulid2i 8720 . . . . . . . . 9  |-  ( 1  x.  ( B  .ih  A ) )  =  ( B  .ih  A )
105, 9eqtri 2273 . . . . . . . 8  |-  ( ( * `  1 )  x.  ( B  .ih  A ) )  =  ( B  .ih  A )
117, 6hicli 21490 . . . . . . . . 9  |-  ( A 
.ih  B )  e.  CC
1211mulid2i 8720 . . . . . . . 8  |-  ( 1  x.  ( A  .ih  B ) )  =  ( A  .ih  B )
1310, 12oveq12i 5722 . . . . . . 7  |-  ( ( ( * `  1
)  x.  ( B 
.ih  A ) )  +  ( 1  x.  ( A  .ih  B
) ) )  =  ( ( B  .ih  A )  +  ( A 
.ih  B ) )
14 abs1 11659 . . . . . . . 8  |-  ( abs `  1 )  =  1
152, 6, 7, 14normlem7 21525 . . . . . . 7  |-  ( ( ( * `  1
)  x.  ( B 
.ih  A ) )  +  ( 1  x.  ( A  .ih  B
) ) )  <_ 
( 2  x.  (
( sqr `  ( A  .ih  A ) )  x.  ( sqr `  ( B  .ih  B ) ) ) )
1613, 15eqbrtrri 3941 . . . . . 6  |-  ( ( B  .ih  A )  +  ( A  .ih  B ) )  <_  (
2  x.  ( ( sqr `  ( A 
.ih  A ) )  x.  ( sqr `  ( B  .ih  B ) ) ) )
17 eqid 2253 . . . . . . . . . 10  |-  -u (
( ( * ` 
1 )  x.  ( B  .ih  A ) )  +  ( 1  x.  ( A  .ih  B
) ) )  = 
-u ( ( ( * `  1 )  x.  ( B  .ih  A ) )  +  ( 1  x.  ( A 
.ih  B ) ) )
182, 6, 7, 17normlem2 21520 . . . . . . . . 9  |-  -u (
( ( * ` 
1 )  x.  ( B  .ih  A ) )  +  ( 1  x.  ( A  .ih  B
) ) )  e.  RR
192cjcli 11531 . . . . . . . . . . . 12  |-  ( * `
 1 )  e.  CC
2019, 8mulcli 8722 . . . . . . . . . . 11  |-  ( ( * `  1 )  x.  ( B  .ih  A ) )  e.  CC
212, 11mulcli 8722 . . . . . . . . . . 11  |-  ( 1  x.  ( A  .ih  B ) )  e.  CC
2220, 21addcli 8721 . . . . . . . . . 10  |-  ( ( ( * `  1
)  x.  ( B 
.ih  A ) )  +  ( 1  x.  ( A  .ih  B
) ) )  e.  CC
2322negrebi 9000 . . . . . . . . 9  |-  ( -u ( ( ( * `
 1 )  x.  ( B  .ih  A
) )  +  ( 1  x.  ( A 
.ih  B ) ) )  e.  RR  <->  ( (
( * `  1
)  x.  ( B 
.ih  A ) )  +  ( 1  x.  ( A  .ih  B
) ) )  e.  RR )
2418, 23mpbi 201 . . . . . . . 8  |-  ( ( ( * `  1
)  x.  ( B 
.ih  A ) )  +  ( 1  x.  ( A  .ih  B
) ) )  e.  RR
2513, 24eqeltrri 2324 . . . . . . 7  |-  ( ( B  .ih  A )  +  ( A  .ih  B ) )  e.  RR
26 2re 9695 . . . . . . . 8  |-  2  e.  RR
27 hiidge0 21507 . . . . . . . . . . 11  |-  ( A  e.  ~H  ->  0  <_  ( A  .ih  A
) )
287, 27ax-mp 10 . . . . . . . . . 10  |-  0  <_  ( A  .ih  A
)
29 hiidrcl 21504 . . . . . . . . . . . 12  |-  ( A  e.  ~H  ->  ( A  .ih  A )  e.  RR )
307, 29ax-mp 10 . . . . . . . . . . 11  |-  ( A 
.ih  A )  e.  RR
3130sqrcli 11732 . . . . . . . . . 10  |-  ( 0  <_  ( A  .ih  A )  ->  ( sqr `  ( A  .ih  A
) )  e.  RR )
3228, 31ax-mp 10 . . . . . . . . 9  |-  ( sqr `  ( A  .ih  A
) )  e.  RR
33 hiidge0 21507 . . . . . . . . . . 11  |-  ( B  e.  ~H  ->  0  <_  ( B  .ih  B
) )
346, 33ax-mp 10 . . . . . . . . . 10  |-  0  <_  ( B  .ih  B
)
35 hiidrcl 21504 . . . . . . . . . . . 12  |-  ( B  e.  ~H  ->  ( B  .ih  B )  e.  RR )
366, 35ax-mp 10 . . . . . . . . . . 11  |-  ( B 
.ih  B )  e.  RR
3736sqrcli 11732 . . . . . . . . . 10  |-  ( 0  <_  ( B  .ih  B )  ->  ( sqr `  ( B  .ih  B
) )  e.  RR )
3834, 37ax-mp 10 . . . . . . . . 9  |-  ( sqr `  ( B  .ih  B
) )  e.  RR
3932, 38remulcli 8731 . . . . . . . 8  |-  ( ( sqr `  ( A 
.ih  A ) )  x.  ( sqr `  ( B  .ih  B ) ) )  e.  RR
4026, 39remulcli 8731 . . . . . . 7  |-  ( 2  x.  ( ( sqr `  ( A  .ih  A
) )  x.  ( sqr `  ( B  .ih  B ) ) ) )  e.  RR
4130, 36readdcli 8730 . . . . . . 7  |-  ( ( A  .ih  A )  +  ( B  .ih  B ) )  e.  RR
4225, 40, 41leadd2i 9209 . . . . . 6  |-  ( ( ( B  .ih  A
)  +  ( A 
.ih  B ) )  <_  ( 2  x.  ( ( sqr `  ( A  .ih  A ) )  x.  ( sqr `  ( B  .ih  B ) ) ) )  <->  ( (
( A  .ih  A
)  +  ( B 
.ih  B ) )  +  ( ( B 
.ih  A )  +  ( A  .ih  B
) ) )  <_ 
( ( ( A 
.ih  A )  +  ( B  .ih  B
) )  +  ( 2  x.  ( ( sqr `  ( A 
.ih  A ) )  x.  ( sqr `  ( B  .ih  B ) ) ) ) ) )
4316, 42mpbi 201 . . . . 5  |-  ( ( ( A  .ih  A
)  +  ( B 
.ih  B ) )  +  ( ( B 
.ih  A )  +  ( A  .ih  B
) ) )  <_ 
( ( ( A 
.ih  A )  +  ( B  .ih  B
) )  +  ( 2  x.  ( ( sqr `  ( A 
.ih  A ) )  x.  ( sqr `  ( B  .ih  B ) ) ) ) )
447, 6, 7, 6normlem8 21526 . . . . . 6  |-  ( ( A  +h  B ) 
.ih  ( A  +h  B ) )  =  ( ( ( A 
.ih  A )  +  ( B  .ih  B
) )  +  ( ( A  .ih  B
)  +  ( B 
.ih  A ) ) )
4511, 8addcomi 8883 . . . . . . 7  |-  ( ( A  .ih  B )  +  ( B  .ih  A ) )  =  ( ( B  .ih  A
)  +  ( A 
.ih  B ) )
4645oveq2i 5721 . . . . . 6  |-  ( ( ( A  .ih  A
)  +  ( B 
.ih  B ) )  +  ( ( A 
.ih  B )  +  ( B  .ih  A
) ) )  =  ( ( ( A 
.ih  A )  +  ( B  .ih  B
) )  +  ( ( B  .ih  A
)  +  ( A 
.ih  B ) ) )
4744, 46eqtri 2273 . . . . 5  |-  ( ( A  +h  B ) 
.ih  ( A  +h  B ) )  =  ( ( ( A 
.ih  A )  +  ( B  .ih  B
) )  +  ( ( B  .ih  A
)  +  ( A 
.ih  B ) ) )
4832recni 8729 . . . . . . 7  |-  ( sqr `  ( A  .ih  A
) )  e.  CC
4938recni 8729 . . . . . . 7  |-  ( sqr `  ( B  .ih  B
) )  e.  CC
5048, 49binom2i 11090 . . . . . 6  |-  ( ( ( sqr `  ( A  .ih  A ) )  +  ( sqr `  ( B  .ih  B ) ) ) ^ 2 )  =  ( ( ( ( sqr `  ( A  .ih  A ) ) ^ 2 )  +  ( 2  x.  (
( sqr `  ( A  .ih  A ) )  x.  ( sqr `  ( B  .ih  B ) ) ) ) )  +  ( ( sqr `  ( B  .ih  B ) ) ^ 2 ) )
5148sqcli 11062 . . . . . . 7  |-  ( ( sqr `  ( A 
.ih  A ) ) ^ 2 )  e.  CC
52 2cn 9696 . . . . . . . 8  |-  2  e.  CC
5348, 49mulcli 8722 . . . . . . . 8  |-  ( ( sqr `  ( A 
.ih  A ) )  x.  ( sqr `  ( B  .ih  B ) ) )  e.  CC
5452, 53mulcli 8722 . . . . . . 7  |-  ( 2  x.  ( ( sqr `  ( A  .ih  A
) )  x.  ( sqr `  ( B  .ih  B ) ) ) )  e.  CC
5549sqcli 11062 . . . . . . 7  |-  ( ( sqr `  ( B 
.ih  B ) ) ^ 2 )  e.  CC
5651, 54, 55add32i 8910 . . . . . 6  |-  ( ( ( ( sqr `  ( A  .ih  A ) ) ^ 2 )  +  ( 2  x.  (
( sqr `  ( A  .ih  A ) )  x.  ( sqr `  ( B  .ih  B ) ) ) ) )  +  ( ( sqr `  ( B  .ih  B ) ) ^ 2 ) )  =  ( ( ( ( sqr `  ( A  .ih  A ) ) ^ 2 )  +  ( ( sqr `  ( B  .ih  B ) ) ^ 2 ) )  +  ( 2  x.  ( ( sqr `  ( A  .ih  A ) )  x.  ( sqr `  ( B  .ih  B ) ) ) ) )
5730sqsqri 11736 . . . . . . . . 9  |-  ( 0  <_  ( A  .ih  A )  ->  ( ( sqr `  ( A  .ih  A ) ) ^ 2 )  =  ( A 
.ih  A ) )
5828, 57ax-mp 10 . . . . . . . 8  |-  ( ( sqr `  ( A 
.ih  A ) ) ^ 2 )  =  ( A  .ih  A
)
5936sqsqri 11736 . . . . . . . . 9  |-  ( 0  <_  ( B  .ih  B )  ->  ( ( sqr `  ( B  .ih  B ) ) ^ 2 )  =  ( B 
.ih  B ) )
6034, 59ax-mp 10 . . . . . . . 8  |-  ( ( sqr `  ( B 
.ih  B ) ) ^ 2 )  =  ( B  .ih  B
)
6158, 60oveq12i 5722 . . . . . . 7  |-  ( ( ( sqr `  ( A  .ih  A ) ) ^ 2 )  +  ( ( sqr `  ( B  .ih  B ) ) ^ 2 ) )  =  ( ( A 
.ih  A )  +  ( B  .ih  B
) )
6261oveq1i 5720 . . . . . 6  |-  ( ( ( ( sqr `  ( A  .ih  A ) ) ^ 2 )  +  ( ( sqr `  ( B  .ih  B ) ) ^ 2 ) )  +  ( 2  x.  ( ( sqr `  ( A  .ih  A ) )  x.  ( sqr `  ( B  .ih  B ) ) ) ) )  =  ( ( ( A 
.ih  A )  +  ( B  .ih  B
) )  +  ( 2  x.  ( ( sqr `  ( A 
.ih  A ) )  x.  ( sqr `  ( B  .ih  B ) ) ) ) )
6350, 56, 623eqtri 2277 . . . . 5  |-  ( ( ( sqr `  ( A  .ih  A ) )  +  ( sqr `  ( B  .ih  B ) ) ) ^ 2 )  =  ( ( ( A  .ih  A )  +  ( B  .ih  B ) )  +  ( 2  x.  ( ( sqr `  ( A 
.ih  A ) )  x.  ( sqr `  ( B  .ih  B ) ) ) ) )
6443, 47, 633brtr4i 3948 . . . 4  |-  ( ( A  +h  B ) 
.ih  ( A  +h  B ) )  <_ 
( ( ( sqr `  ( A  .ih  A
) )  +  ( sqr `  ( B 
.ih  B ) ) ) ^ 2 )
657, 6hvaddcli 21428 . . . . . 6  |-  ( A  +h  B )  e. 
~H
66 hiidge0 21507 . . . . . 6  |-  ( ( A  +h  B )  e.  ~H  ->  0  <_  ( ( A  +h  B )  .ih  ( A  +h  B ) ) )
6765, 66ax-mp 10 . . . . 5  |-  0  <_  ( ( A  +h  B )  .ih  ( A  +h  B ) )
6832, 38readdcli 8730 . . . . . 6  |-  ( ( sqr `  ( A 
.ih  A ) )  +  ( sqr `  ( B  .ih  B ) ) )  e.  RR
6968sqge0i 11069 . . . . 5  |-  0  <_  ( ( ( sqr `  ( A  .ih  A
) )  +  ( sqr `  ( B 
.ih  B ) ) ) ^ 2 )
70 hiidrcl 21504 . . . . . . 7  |-  ( ( A  +h  B )  e.  ~H  ->  (
( A  +h  B
)  .ih  ( A  +h  B ) )  e.  RR )
7165, 70ax-mp 10 . . . . . 6  |-  ( ( A  +h  B ) 
.ih  ( A  +h  B ) )  e.  RR
7268resqcli 11067 . . . . . 6  |-  ( ( ( sqr `  ( A  .ih  A ) )  +  ( sqr `  ( B  .ih  B ) ) ) ^ 2 )  e.  RR
7371, 72sqrlei 11749 . . . . 5  |-  ( ( 0  <_  ( ( A  +h  B )  .ih  ( A  +h  B
) )  /\  0  <_  ( ( ( sqr `  ( A  .ih  A
) )  +  ( sqr `  ( B 
.ih  B ) ) ) ^ 2 ) )  ->  ( (
( A  +h  B
)  .ih  ( A  +h  B ) )  <_ 
( ( ( sqr `  ( A  .ih  A
) )  +  ( sqr `  ( B 
.ih  B ) ) ) ^ 2 )  <-> 
( sqr `  (
( A  +h  B
)  .ih  ( A  +h  B ) ) )  <_  ( sqr `  (
( ( sqr `  ( A  .ih  A ) )  +  ( sqr `  ( B  .ih  B ) ) ) ^ 2 ) ) ) )
7467, 69, 73mp2an 656 . . . 4  |-  ( ( ( A  +h  B
)  .ih  ( A  +h  B ) )  <_ 
( ( ( sqr `  ( A  .ih  A
) )  +  ( sqr `  ( B 
.ih  B ) ) ) ^ 2 )  <-> 
( sqr `  (
( A  +h  B
)  .ih  ( A  +h  B ) ) )  <_  ( sqr `  (
( ( sqr `  ( A  .ih  A ) )  +  ( sqr `  ( B  .ih  B ) ) ) ^ 2 ) ) )
7564, 74mpbi 201 . . 3  |-  ( sqr `  ( ( A  +h  B )  .ih  ( A  +h  B ) ) )  <_  ( sqr `  ( ( ( sqr `  ( A  .ih  A
) )  +  ( sqr `  ( B 
.ih  B ) ) ) ^ 2 ) )
7630sqrge0i 11737 . . . . . 6  |-  ( 0  <_  ( A  .ih  A )  ->  0  <_  ( sqr `  ( A 
.ih  A ) ) )
7728, 76ax-mp 10 . . . . 5  |-  0  <_  ( sqr `  ( A  .ih  A ) )
7836sqrge0i 11737 . . . . . 6  |-  ( 0  <_  ( B  .ih  B )  ->  0  <_  ( sqr `  ( B 
.ih  B ) ) )
7934, 78ax-mp 10 . . . . 5  |-  0  <_  ( sqr `  ( B  .ih  B ) )
8032, 38addge0i 9193 . . . . 5  |-  ( ( 0  <_  ( sqr `  ( A  .ih  A
) )  /\  0  <_  ( sqr `  ( B  .ih  B ) ) )  ->  0  <_  ( ( sqr `  ( A  .ih  A ) )  +  ( sqr `  ( B  .ih  B ) ) ) )
8177, 79, 80mp2an 656 . . . 4  |-  0  <_  ( ( sqr `  ( A  .ih  A ) )  +  ( sqr `  ( B  .ih  B ) ) )
8268sqrsqi 11735 . . . 4  |-  ( 0  <_  ( ( sqr `  ( A  .ih  A
) )  +  ( sqr `  ( B 
.ih  B ) ) )  ->  ( sqr `  ( ( ( sqr `  ( A  .ih  A
) )  +  ( sqr `  ( B 
.ih  B ) ) ) ^ 2 ) )  =  ( ( sqr `  ( A 
.ih  A ) )  +  ( sqr `  ( B  .ih  B ) ) ) )
8381, 82ax-mp 10 . . 3  |-  ( sqr `  ( ( ( sqr `  ( A  .ih  A
) )  +  ( sqr `  ( B 
.ih  B ) ) ) ^ 2 ) )  =  ( ( sqr `  ( A 
.ih  A ) )  +  ( sqr `  ( B  .ih  B ) ) )
8475, 83breqtri 3943 . 2  |-  ( sqr `  ( ( A  +h  B )  .ih  ( A  +h  B ) ) )  <_  ( ( sqr `  ( A  .ih  A ) )  +  ( sqr `  ( B 
.ih  B ) ) )
85 normval 21533 . . 3  |-  ( ( A  +h  B )  e.  ~H  ->  ( normh `  ( A  +h  B ) )  =  ( sqr `  (
( A  +h  B
)  .ih  ( A  +h  B ) ) ) )
8665, 85ax-mp 10 . 2  |-  ( normh `  ( A  +h  B
) )  =  ( sqr `  ( ( A  +h  B ) 
.ih  ( A  +h  B ) ) )
87 normval 21533 . . . 4  |-  ( A  e.  ~H  ->  ( normh `  A )  =  ( sqr `  ( A  .ih  A ) ) )
887, 87ax-mp 10 . . 3  |-  ( normh `  A )  =  ( sqr `  ( A 
.ih  A ) )
89 normval 21533 . . . 4  |-  ( B  e.  ~H  ->  ( normh `  B )  =  ( sqr `  ( B  .ih  B ) ) )
906, 89ax-mp 10 . . 3  |-  ( normh `  B )  =  ( sqr `  ( B 
.ih  B ) )
9188, 90oveq12i 5722 . 2  |-  ( (
normh `  A )  +  ( normh `  B )
)  =  ( ( sqr `  ( A 
.ih  A ) )  +  ( sqr `  ( B  .ih  B ) ) )
9284, 86, 913brtr4i 3948 1  |-  ( normh `  ( A  +h  B
) )  <_  (
( normh `  A )  +  ( normh `  B
) )
Colors of variables: wff set class
Syntax hints:    <-> wb 178    = wceq 1619    e. wcel 1621   class class class wbr 3920   ` cfv 4592  (class class class)co 5710   RRcr 8616   0cc0 8617   1c1 8618    + caddc 8620    x. cmul 8622    <_ cle 8748   -ucneg 8918   2c2 9675   ^cexp 10982   *ccj 11458   sqrcsqr 11595   ~Hchil 21329    +h cva 21330    .ih csp 21332   normhcno 21333
This theorem is referenced by:  norm-ii  21547  norm3difi  21556
This theorem was proved from axioms:  ax-1 7  ax-2 8  ax-3 9  ax-mp 10  ax-5 1533  ax-6 1534  ax-7 1535  ax-gen 1536  ax-8 1623  ax-11 1624  ax-13 1625  ax-14 1626  ax-17 1628  ax-12o 1664  ax-10 1678  ax-9 1684  ax-4 1692  ax-16 1926  ax-ext 2234  ax-sep 4038  ax-nul 4046  ax-pow 4082  ax-pr 4108  ax-un 4403  ax-cnex 8673  ax-resscn 8674  ax-1cn 8675  ax-icn 8676  ax-addcl 8677  ax-addrcl 8678  ax-mulcl 8679  ax-mulrcl 8680  ax-mulcom 8681  ax-addass 8682  ax-mulass 8683  ax-distr 8684  ax-i2m1 8685  ax-1ne0 8686  ax-1rid 8687  ax-rnegex 8688  ax-rrecex 8689  ax-cnre 8690  ax-pre-lttri 8691  ax-pre-lttrn 8692  ax-pre-ltadd 8693  ax-pre-mulgt0 8694  ax-pre-sup 8695  ax-hfvadd 21410  ax-hv0cl 21413  ax-hfvmul 21415  ax-hvmulass 21417  ax-hvmul0 21420  ax-hfi 21488  ax-his1 21491  ax-his2 21492  ax-his3 21493  ax-his4 21494
This theorem depends on definitions:  df-bi 179  df-or 361  df-an 362  df-3or 940  df-3an 941  df-tru 1315  df-ex 1538  df-nf 1540  df-sb 1883  df-eu 2118  df-mo 2119  df-clab 2240  df-cleq 2246  df-clel 2249  df-nfc 2374  df-ne 2414  df-nel 2415  df-ral 2513  df-rex 2514  df-reu 2515  df-rab 2516  df-v 2729  df-sbc 2922  df-csb 3010  df-dif 3081  df-un 3083  df-in 3085  df-ss 3089  df-pss 3091  df-nul 3363  df-if 3471  df-pw 3532  df-sn 3550  df-pr 3551  df-tp 3552  df-op 3553  df-uni 3728  df-iun 3805  df-br 3921  df-opab 3975  df-mpt 3976  df-tr 4011  df-eprel 4198  df-id 4202  df-po 4207  df-so 4208  df-fr 4245  df-we 4247  df-ord 4288  df-on 4289  df-lim 4290  df-suc 4291  df-om 4548  df-xp 4594  df-rel 4595  df-cnv 4596  df-co 4597  df-dm 4598  df-rn 4599  df-res 4600  df-ima 4601  df-fun 4602  df-fn 4603  df-f 4604  df-f1 4605  df-fo 4606  df-f1o 4607  df-fv 4608  df-ov 5713  df-oprab 5714  df-mpt2 5715  df-2nd 5975  df-iota 6143  df-riota 6190  df-recs 6274  df-rdg 6309  df-er 6546  df-en 6750  df-dom 6751  df-sdom 6752  df-sup 7078  df-pnf 8749  df-mnf 8750  df-xr 8751  df-ltxr 8752  df-le 8753  df-sub 8919  df-neg 8920  df-div 9304  df-n 9627  df-2 9684  df-3 9685  df-4 9686  df-n0 9845  df-z 9904  df-uz 10110  df-rp 10234  df-seq 10925  df-exp 10983  df-cj 11461  df-re 11462  df-im 11463  df-sqr 11597  df-abs 11598  df-hnorm 21378  df-hvsub 21381
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