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Theorem norm-ii-i 21676
Description: Triangle inequality for norms. Theorem 3.3(ii) of [Beran] p. 97. (Contributed by NM, 11-Aug-1999.) (New usage is discouraged.)
Hypotheses
Ref Expression
norm-ii.1  |-  A  e. 
~H
norm-ii.2  |-  B  e. 
~H
Assertion
Ref Expression
norm-ii-i  |-  ( normh `  ( A  +h  B
) )  <_  (
( normh `  A )  +  ( normh `  B
) )

Proof of Theorem norm-ii-i
StepHypRef Expression
1 1re 8805 . . . . . . . . . . 11  |-  1  e.  RR
2 ax-1cn 8763 . . . . . . . . . . . 12  |-  1  e.  CC
32cjrebi 11624 . . . . . . . . . . 11  |-  ( 1  e.  RR  <->  ( * `  1 )  =  1 )
41, 3mpbi 201 . . . . . . . . . 10  |-  ( * `
 1 )  =  1
54oveq1i 5802 . . . . . . . . 9  |-  ( ( * `  1 )  x.  ( B  .ih  A ) )  =  ( 1  x.  ( B 
.ih  A ) )
6 norm-ii.2 . . . . . . . . . . 11  |-  B  e. 
~H
7 norm-ii.1 . . . . . . . . . . 11  |-  A  e. 
~H
86, 7hicli 21620 . . . . . . . . . 10  |-  ( B 
.ih  A )  e.  CC
98mulid2i 8808 . . . . . . . . 9  |-  ( 1  x.  ( B  .ih  A ) )  =  ( B  .ih  A )
105, 9eqtri 2278 . . . . . . . 8  |-  ( ( * `  1 )  x.  ( B  .ih  A ) )  =  ( B  .ih  A )
117, 6hicli 21620 . . . . . . . . 9  |-  ( A 
.ih  B )  e.  CC
1211mulid2i 8808 . . . . . . . 8  |-  ( 1  x.  ( A  .ih  B ) )  =  ( A  .ih  B )
1310, 12oveq12i 5804 . . . . . . 7  |-  ( ( ( * `  1
)  x.  ( B 
.ih  A ) )  +  ( 1  x.  ( A  .ih  B
) ) )  =  ( ( B  .ih  A )  +  ( A 
.ih  B ) )
14 abs1 11747 . . . . . . . 8  |-  ( abs `  1 )  =  1
152, 6, 7, 14normlem7 21655 . . . . . . 7  |-  ( ( ( * `  1
)  x.  ( B 
.ih  A ) )  +  ( 1  x.  ( A  .ih  B
) ) )  <_ 
( 2  x.  (
( sqr `  ( A  .ih  A ) )  x.  ( sqr `  ( B  .ih  B ) ) ) )
1613, 15eqbrtrri 4018 . . . . . 6  |-  ( ( B  .ih  A )  +  ( A  .ih  B ) )  <_  (
2  x.  ( ( sqr `  ( A 
.ih  A ) )  x.  ( sqr `  ( B  .ih  B ) ) ) )
17 eqid 2258 . . . . . . . . . 10  |-  -u (
( ( * ` 
1 )  x.  ( B  .ih  A ) )  +  ( 1  x.  ( A  .ih  B
) ) )  = 
-u ( ( ( * `  1 )  x.  ( B  .ih  A ) )  +  ( 1  x.  ( A 
.ih  B ) ) )
182, 6, 7, 17normlem2 21650 . . . . . . . . 9  |-  -u (
( ( * ` 
1 )  x.  ( B  .ih  A ) )  +  ( 1  x.  ( A  .ih  B
) ) )  e.  RR
192cjcli 11619 . . . . . . . . . . . 12  |-  ( * `
 1 )  e.  CC
2019, 8mulcli 8810 . . . . . . . . . . 11  |-  ( ( * `  1 )  x.  ( B  .ih  A ) )  e.  CC
212, 11mulcli 8810 . . . . . . . . . . 11  |-  ( 1  x.  ( A  .ih  B ) )  e.  CC
2220, 21addcli 8809 . . . . . . . . . 10  |-  ( ( ( * `  1
)  x.  ( B 
.ih  A ) )  +  ( 1  x.  ( A  .ih  B
) ) )  e.  CC
2322negrebi 9088 . . . . . . . . 9  |-  ( -u ( ( ( * `
 1 )  x.  ( B  .ih  A
) )  +  ( 1  x.  ( A 
.ih  B ) ) )  e.  RR  <->  ( (
( * `  1
)  x.  ( B 
.ih  A ) )  +  ( 1  x.  ( A  .ih  B
) ) )  e.  RR )
2418, 23mpbi 201 . . . . . . . 8  |-  ( ( ( * `  1
)  x.  ( B 
.ih  A ) )  +  ( 1  x.  ( A  .ih  B
) ) )  e.  RR
2513, 24eqeltrri 2329 . . . . . . 7  |-  ( ( B  .ih  A )  +  ( A  .ih  B ) )  e.  RR
26 2re 9783 . . . . . . . 8  |-  2  e.  RR
27 hiidge0 21637 . . . . . . . . . . 11  |-  ( A  e.  ~H  ->  0  <_  ( A  .ih  A
) )
287, 27ax-mp 10 . . . . . . . . . 10  |-  0  <_  ( A  .ih  A
)
29 hiidrcl 21634 . . . . . . . . . . . 12  |-  ( A  e.  ~H  ->  ( A  .ih  A )  e.  RR )
307, 29ax-mp 10 . . . . . . . . . . 11  |-  ( A 
.ih  A )  e.  RR
3130sqrcli 11820 . . . . . . . . . 10  |-  ( 0  <_  ( A  .ih  A )  ->  ( sqr `  ( A  .ih  A
) )  e.  RR )
3228, 31ax-mp 10 . . . . . . . . 9  |-  ( sqr `  ( A  .ih  A
) )  e.  RR
33 hiidge0 21637 . . . . . . . . . . 11  |-  ( B  e.  ~H  ->  0  <_  ( B  .ih  B
) )
346, 33ax-mp 10 . . . . . . . . . 10  |-  0  <_  ( B  .ih  B
)
35 hiidrcl 21634 . . . . . . . . . . . 12  |-  ( B  e.  ~H  ->  ( B  .ih  B )  e.  RR )
366, 35ax-mp 10 . . . . . . . . . . 11  |-  ( B 
.ih  B )  e.  RR
3736sqrcli 11820 . . . . . . . . . 10  |-  ( 0  <_  ( B  .ih  B )  ->  ( sqr `  ( B  .ih  B
) )  e.  RR )
3834, 37ax-mp 10 . . . . . . . . 9  |-  ( sqr `  ( B  .ih  B
) )  e.  RR
3932, 38remulcli 8819 . . . . . . . 8  |-  ( ( sqr `  ( A 
.ih  A ) )  x.  ( sqr `  ( B  .ih  B ) ) )  e.  RR
4026, 39remulcli 8819 . . . . . . 7  |-  ( 2  x.  ( ( sqr `  ( A  .ih  A
) )  x.  ( sqr `  ( B  .ih  B ) ) ) )  e.  RR
4130, 36readdcli 8818 . . . . . . 7  |-  ( ( A  .ih  A )  +  ( B  .ih  B ) )  e.  RR
4225, 40, 41leadd2i 9297 . . . . . 6  |-  ( ( ( B  .ih  A
)  +  ( A 
.ih  B ) )  <_  ( 2  x.  ( ( sqr `  ( A  .ih  A ) )  x.  ( sqr `  ( B  .ih  B ) ) ) )  <->  ( (
( A  .ih  A
)  +  ( B 
.ih  B ) )  +  ( ( B 
.ih  A )  +  ( A  .ih  B
) ) )  <_ 
( ( ( A 
.ih  A )  +  ( B  .ih  B
) )  +  ( 2  x.  ( ( sqr `  ( A 
.ih  A ) )  x.  ( sqr `  ( B  .ih  B ) ) ) ) ) )
4316, 42mpbi 201 . . . . 5  |-  ( ( ( A  .ih  A
)  +  ( B 
.ih  B ) )  +  ( ( B 
.ih  A )  +  ( A  .ih  B
) ) )  <_ 
( ( ( A 
.ih  A )  +  ( B  .ih  B
) )  +  ( 2  x.  ( ( sqr `  ( A 
.ih  A ) )  x.  ( sqr `  ( B  .ih  B ) ) ) ) )
447, 6, 7, 6normlem8 21656 . . . . . 6  |-  ( ( A  +h  B ) 
.ih  ( A  +h  B ) )  =  ( ( ( A 
.ih  A )  +  ( B  .ih  B
) )  +  ( ( A  .ih  B
)  +  ( B 
.ih  A ) ) )
4511, 8addcomi 8971 . . . . . . 7  |-  ( ( A  .ih  B )  +  ( B  .ih  A ) )  =  ( ( B  .ih  A
)  +  ( A 
.ih  B ) )
4645oveq2i 5803 . . . . . 6  |-  ( ( ( A  .ih  A
)  +  ( B 
.ih  B ) )  +  ( ( A 
.ih  B )  +  ( B  .ih  A
) ) )  =  ( ( ( A 
.ih  A )  +  ( B  .ih  B
) )  +  ( ( B  .ih  A
)  +  ( A 
.ih  B ) ) )
4744, 46eqtri 2278 . . . . 5  |-  ( ( A  +h  B ) 
.ih  ( A  +h  B ) )  =  ( ( ( A 
.ih  A )  +  ( B  .ih  B
) )  +  ( ( B  .ih  A
)  +  ( A 
.ih  B ) ) )
4832recni 8817 . . . . . . 7  |-  ( sqr `  ( A  .ih  A
) )  e.  CC
4938recni 8817 . . . . . . 7  |-  ( sqr `  ( B  .ih  B
) )  e.  CC
5048, 49binom2i 11178 . . . . . 6  |-  ( ( ( sqr `  ( A  .ih  A ) )  +  ( sqr `  ( B  .ih  B ) ) ) ^ 2 )  =  ( ( ( ( sqr `  ( A  .ih  A ) ) ^ 2 )  +  ( 2  x.  (
( sqr `  ( A  .ih  A ) )  x.  ( sqr `  ( B  .ih  B ) ) ) ) )  +  ( ( sqr `  ( B  .ih  B ) ) ^ 2 ) )
5148sqcli 11150 . . . . . . 7  |-  ( ( sqr `  ( A 
.ih  A ) ) ^ 2 )  e.  CC
52 2cn 9784 . . . . . . . 8  |-  2  e.  CC
5348, 49mulcli 8810 . . . . . . . 8  |-  ( ( sqr `  ( A 
.ih  A ) )  x.  ( sqr `  ( B  .ih  B ) ) )  e.  CC
5452, 53mulcli 8810 . . . . . . 7  |-  ( 2  x.  ( ( sqr `  ( A  .ih  A
) )  x.  ( sqr `  ( B  .ih  B ) ) ) )  e.  CC
5549sqcli 11150 . . . . . . 7  |-  ( ( sqr `  ( B 
.ih  B ) ) ^ 2 )  e.  CC
5651, 54, 55add32i 8998 . . . . . 6  |-  ( ( ( ( sqr `  ( A  .ih  A ) ) ^ 2 )  +  ( 2  x.  (
( sqr `  ( A  .ih  A ) )  x.  ( sqr `  ( B  .ih  B ) ) ) ) )  +  ( ( sqr `  ( B  .ih  B ) ) ^ 2 ) )  =  ( ( ( ( sqr `  ( A  .ih  A ) ) ^ 2 )  +  ( ( sqr `  ( B  .ih  B ) ) ^ 2 ) )  +  ( 2  x.  ( ( sqr `  ( A  .ih  A ) )  x.  ( sqr `  ( B  .ih  B ) ) ) ) )
5730sqsqri 11824 . . . . . . . . 9  |-  ( 0  <_  ( A  .ih  A )  ->  ( ( sqr `  ( A  .ih  A ) ) ^ 2 )  =  ( A 
.ih  A ) )
5828, 57ax-mp 10 . . . . . . . 8  |-  ( ( sqr `  ( A 
.ih  A ) ) ^ 2 )  =  ( A  .ih  A
)
5936sqsqri 11824 . . . . . . . . 9  |-  ( 0  <_  ( B  .ih  B )  ->  ( ( sqr `  ( B  .ih  B ) ) ^ 2 )  =  ( B 
.ih  B ) )
6034, 59ax-mp 10 . . . . . . . 8  |-  ( ( sqr `  ( B 
.ih  B ) ) ^ 2 )  =  ( B  .ih  B
)
6158, 60oveq12i 5804 . . . . . . 7  |-  ( ( ( sqr `  ( A  .ih  A ) ) ^ 2 )  +  ( ( sqr `  ( B  .ih  B ) ) ^ 2 ) )  =  ( ( A 
.ih  A )  +  ( B  .ih  B
) )
6261oveq1i 5802 . . . . . 6  |-  ( ( ( ( sqr `  ( A  .ih  A ) ) ^ 2 )  +  ( ( sqr `  ( B  .ih  B ) ) ^ 2 ) )  +  ( 2  x.  ( ( sqr `  ( A  .ih  A ) )  x.  ( sqr `  ( B  .ih  B ) ) ) ) )  =  ( ( ( A 
.ih  A )  +  ( B  .ih  B
) )  +  ( 2  x.  ( ( sqr `  ( A 
.ih  A ) )  x.  ( sqr `  ( B  .ih  B ) ) ) ) )
6350, 56, 623eqtri 2282 . . . . 5  |-  ( ( ( sqr `  ( A  .ih  A ) )  +  ( sqr `  ( B  .ih  B ) ) ) ^ 2 )  =  ( ( ( A  .ih  A )  +  ( B  .ih  B ) )  +  ( 2  x.  ( ( sqr `  ( A 
.ih  A ) )  x.  ( sqr `  ( B  .ih  B ) ) ) ) )
6443, 47, 633brtr4i 4025 . . . 4  |-  ( ( A  +h  B ) 
.ih  ( A  +h  B ) )  <_ 
( ( ( sqr `  ( A  .ih  A
) )  +  ( sqr `  ( B 
.ih  B ) ) ) ^ 2 )
657, 6hvaddcli 21558 . . . . . 6  |-  ( A  +h  B )  e. 
~H
66 hiidge0 21637 . . . . . 6  |-  ( ( A  +h  B )  e.  ~H  ->  0  <_  ( ( A  +h  B )  .ih  ( A  +h  B ) ) )
6765, 66ax-mp 10 . . . . 5  |-  0  <_  ( ( A  +h  B )  .ih  ( A  +h  B ) )
6832, 38readdcli 8818 . . . . . 6  |-  ( ( sqr `  ( A 
.ih  A ) )  +  ( sqr `  ( B  .ih  B ) ) )  e.  RR
6968sqge0i 11157 . . . . 5  |-  0  <_  ( ( ( sqr `  ( A  .ih  A
) )  +  ( sqr `  ( B 
.ih  B ) ) ) ^ 2 )
70 hiidrcl 21634 . . . . . . 7  |-  ( ( A  +h  B )  e.  ~H  ->  (
( A  +h  B
)  .ih  ( A  +h  B ) )  e.  RR )
7165, 70ax-mp 10 . . . . . 6  |-  ( ( A  +h  B ) 
.ih  ( A  +h  B ) )  e.  RR
7268resqcli 11155 . . . . . 6  |-  ( ( ( sqr `  ( A  .ih  A ) )  +  ( sqr `  ( B  .ih  B ) ) ) ^ 2 )  e.  RR
7371, 72sqrlei 11837 . . . . 5  |-  ( ( 0  <_  ( ( A  +h  B )  .ih  ( A  +h  B
) )  /\  0  <_  ( ( ( sqr `  ( A  .ih  A
) )  +  ( sqr `  ( B 
.ih  B ) ) ) ^ 2 ) )  ->  ( (
( A  +h  B
)  .ih  ( A  +h  B ) )  <_ 
( ( ( sqr `  ( A  .ih  A
) )  +  ( sqr `  ( B 
.ih  B ) ) ) ^ 2 )  <-> 
( sqr `  (
( A  +h  B
)  .ih  ( A  +h  B ) ) )  <_  ( sqr `  (
( ( sqr `  ( A  .ih  A ) )  +  ( sqr `  ( B  .ih  B ) ) ) ^ 2 ) ) ) )
7467, 69, 73mp2an 656 . . . 4  |-  ( ( ( A  +h  B
)  .ih  ( A  +h  B ) )  <_ 
( ( ( sqr `  ( A  .ih  A
) )  +  ( sqr `  ( B 
.ih  B ) ) ) ^ 2 )  <-> 
( sqr `  (
( A  +h  B
)  .ih  ( A  +h  B ) ) )  <_  ( sqr `  (
( ( sqr `  ( A  .ih  A ) )  +  ( sqr `  ( B  .ih  B ) ) ) ^ 2 ) ) )
7564, 74mpbi 201 . . 3  |-  ( sqr `  ( ( A  +h  B )  .ih  ( A  +h  B ) ) )  <_  ( sqr `  ( ( ( sqr `  ( A  .ih  A
) )  +  ( sqr `  ( B 
.ih  B ) ) ) ^ 2 ) )
7630sqrge0i 11825 . . . . . 6  |-  ( 0  <_  ( A  .ih  A )  ->  0  <_  ( sqr `  ( A 
.ih  A ) ) )
7728, 76ax-mp 10 . . . . 5  |-  0  <_  ( sqr `  ( A  .ih  A ) )
7836sqrge0i 11825 . . . . . 6  |-  ( 0  <_  ( B  .ih  B )  ->  0  <_  ( sqr `  ( B 
.ih  B ) ) )
7934, 78ax-mp 10 . . . . 5  |-  0  <_  ( sqr `  ( B  .ih  B ) )
8032, 38addge0i 9281 . . . . 5  |-  ( ( 0  <_  ( sqr `  ( A  .ih  A
) )  /\  0  <_  ( sqr `  ( B  .ih  B ) ) )  ->  0  <_  ( ( sqr `  ( A  .ih  A ) )  +  ( sqr `  ( B  .ih  B ) ) ) )
8177, 79, 80mp2an 656 . . . 4  |-  0  <_  ( ( sqr `  ( A  .ih  A ) )  +  ( sqr `  ( B  .ih  B ) ) )
8268sqrsqi 11823 . . . 4  |-  ( 0  <_  ( ( sqr `  ( A  .ih  A
) )  +  ( sqr `  ( B 
.ih  B ) ) )  ->  ( sqr `  ( ( ( sqr `  ( A  .ih  A
) )  +  ( sqr `  ( B 
.ih  B ) ) ) ^ 2 ) )  =  ( ( sqr `  ( A 
.ih  A ) )  +  ( sqr `  ( B  .ih  B ) ) ) )
8381, 82ax-mp 10 . . 3  |-  ( sqr `  ( ( ( sqr `  ( A  .ih  A
) )  +  ( sqr `  ( B 
.ih  B ) ) ) ^ 2 ) )  =  ( ( sqr `  ( A 
.ih  A ) )  +  ( sqr `  ( B  .ih  B ) ) )
8475, 83breqtri 4020 . 2  |-  ( sqr `  ( ( A  +h  B )  .ih  ( A  +h  B ) ) )  <_  ( ( sqr `  ( A  .ih  A ) )  +  ( sqr `  ( B 
.ih  B ) ) )
85 normval 21663 . . 3  |-  ( ( A  +h  B )  e.  ~H  ->  ( normh `  ( A  +h  B ) )  =  ( sqr `  (
( A  +h  B
)  .ih  ( A  +h  B ) ) ) )
8665, 85ax-mp 10 . 2  |-  ( normh `  ( A  +h  B
) )  =  ( sqr `  ( ( A  +h  B ) 
.ih  ( A  +h  B ) ) )
87 normval 21663 . . . 4  |-  ( A  e.  ~H  ->  ( normh `  A )  =  ( sqr `  ( A  .ih  A ) ) )
887, 87ax-mp 10 . . 3  |-  ( normh `  A )  =  ( sqr `  ( A 
.ih  A ) )
89 normval 21663 . . . 4  |-  ( B  e.  ~H  ->  ( normh `  B )  =  ( sqr `  ( B  .ih  B ) ) )
906, 89ax-mp 10 . . 3  |-  ( normh `  B )  =  ( sqr `  ( B 
.ih  B ) )
9188, 90oveq12i 5804 . 2  |-  ( (
normh `  A )  +  ( normh `  B )
)  =  ( ( sqr `  ( A 
.ih  A ) )  +  ( sqr `  ( B  .ih  B ) ) )
9284, 86, 913brtr4i 4025 1  |-  ( normh `  ( A  +h  B
) )  <_  (
( normh `  A )  +  ( normh `  B
) )
Colors of variables: wff set class
Syntax hints:    <-> wb 178    = wceq 1619    e. wcel 1621   class class class wbr 3997   ` cfv 4673  (class class class)co 5792   RRcr 8704   0cc0 8705   1c1 8706    + caddc 8708    x. cmul 8710    <_ cle 8836   -ucneg 9006   2c2 9763   ^cexp 11070   *ccj 11546   sqrcsqr 11683   ~Hchil 21459    +h cva 21460    .ih csp 21462   normhcno 21463
This theorem is referenced by:  norm-ii  21677  norm3difi  21686
This theorem was proved from axioms:  ax-1 7  ax-2 8  ax-3 9  ax-mp 10  ax-5 1533  ax-6 1534  ax-7 1535  ax-gen 1536  ax-8 1623  ax-11 1624  ax-13 1625  ax-14 1626  ax-17 1628  ax-12o 1664  ax-10 1678  ax-9 1684  ax-4 1692  ax-16 1927  ax-ext 2239  ax-sep 4115  ax-nul 4123  ax-pow 4160  ax-pr 4186  ax-un 4484  ax-cnex 8761  ax-resscn 8762  ax-1cn 8763  ax-icn 8764  ax-addcl 8765  ax-addrcl 8766  ax-mulcl 8767  ax-mulrcl 8768  ax-mulcom 8769  ax-addass 8770  ax-mulass 8771  ax-distr 8772  ax-i2m1 8773  ax-1ne0 8774  ax-1rid 8775  ax-rnegex 8776  ax-rrecex 8777  ax-cnre 8778  ax-pre-lttri 8779  ax-pre-lttrn 8780  ax-pre-ltadd 8781  ax-pre-mulgt0 8782  ax-pre-sup 8783  ax-hfvadd 21540  ax-hv0cl 21543  ax-hfvmul 21545  ax-hvmulass 21547  ax-hvmul0 21550  ax-hfi 21618  ax-his1 21621  ax-his2 21622  ax-his3 21623  ax-his4 21624
This theorem depends on definitions:  df-bi 179  df-or 361  df-an 362  df-3or 940  df-3an 941  df-tru 1315  df-ex 1538  df-nf 1540  df-sb 1884  df-eu 2122  df-mo 2123  df-clab 2245  df-cleq 2251  df-clel 2254  df-nfc 2383  df-ne 2423  df-nel 2424  df-ral 2523  df-rex 2524  df-reu 2525  df-rmo 2526  df-rab 2527  df-v 2765  df-sbc 2967  df-csb 3057  df-dif 3130  df-un 3132  df-in 3134  df-ss 3141  df-pss 3143  df-nul 3431  df-if 3540  df-pw 3601  df-sn 3620  df-pr 3621  df-tp 3622  df-op 3623  df-uni 3802  df-iun 3881  df-br 3998  df-opab 4052  df-mpt 4053  df-tr 4088  df-eprel 4277  df-id 4281  df-po 4286  df-so 4287  df-fr 4324  df-we 4326  df-ord 4367  df-on 4368  df-lim 4369  df-suc 4370  df-om 4629  df-xp 4675  df-rel 4676  df-cnv 4677  df-co 4678  df-dm 4679  df-rn 4680  df-res 4681  df-ima 4682  df-fun 4683  df-fn 4684  df-f 4685  df-f1 4686  df-fo 4687  df-f1o 4688  df-fv 4689  df-ov 5795  df-oprab 5796  df-mpt2 5797  df-2nd 6057  df-iota 6225  df-riota 6272  df-recs 6356  df-rdg 6391  df-er 6628  df-en 6832  df-dom 6833  df-sdom 6834  df-sup 7162  df-pnf 8837  df-mnf 8838  df-xr 8839  df-ltxr 8840  df-le 8841  df-sub 9007  df-neg 9008  df-div 9392  df-n 9715  df-2 9772  df-3 9773  df-4 9774  df-n0 9933  df-z 9992  df-uz 10198  df-rp 10322  df-seq 11013  df-exp 11071  df-cj 11549  df-re 11550  df-im 11551  df-sqr 11685  df-abs 11686  df-hnorm 21508  df-hvsub 21511
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