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Theorem tfi 4644
Description: The Principle of Transfinite Induction. Theorem 7.17 of [TakeutiZaring] p. 39. This principle states that if  A is a class of ordinal numbers with the property that every ordinal number included in  A also belongs to  A, then every ordinal number is in  A.

See theorem tfindes 4653 or tfinds 4650 for the version involving basis and induction hypotheses. (Contributed by NM, 18-Feb-2004.)

Assertion
Ref Expression
tfi  |-  ( ( A  C_  On  /\  A. x  e.  On  (
x  C_  A  ->  x  e.  A ) )  ->  A  =  On )
Distinct variable group:    x, A

Proof of Theorem tfi
StepHypRef Expression
1 eldifn 3299 . . . . . . . . 9  |-  ( x  e.  ( On  \  A )  ->  -.  x  e.  A )
21adantl 452 . . . . . . . 8  |-  ( ( ( x  e.  On  ->  ( x  C_  A  ->  x  e.  A ) )  /\  x  e.  ( On  \  A
) )  ->  -.  x  e.  A )
3 eldifi 3298 . . . . . . . . . 10  |-  ( x  e.  ( On  \  A )  ->  x  e.  On )
4 onss 4582 . . . . . . . . . . . . 13  |-  ( x  e.  On  ->  x  C_  On )
5 difin0ss 3520 . . . . . . . . . . . . 13  |-  ( ( ( On  \  A
)  i^i  x )  =  (/)  ->  ( x  C_  On  ->  x  C_  A
) )
64, 5syl5com 26 . . . . . . . . . . . 12  |-  ( x  e.  On  ->  (
( ( On  \  A )  i^i  x
)  =  (/)  ->  x  C_  A ) )
76imim1d 69 . . . . . . . . . . 11  |-  ( x  e.  On  ->  (
( x  C_  A  ->  x  e.  A )  ->  ( ( ( On  \  A )  i^i  x )  =  (/)  ->  x  e.  A
) ) )
87a2i 12 . . . . . . . . . 10  |-  ( ( x  e.  On  ->  ( x  C_  A  ->  x  e.  A ) )  ->  ( x  e.  On  ->  ( (
( On  \  A
)  i^i  x )  =  (/)  ->  x  e.  A ) ) )
93, 8syl5 28 . . . . . . . . 9  |-  ( ( x  e.  On  ->  ( x  C_  A  ->  x  e.  A ) )  ->  ( x  e.  ( On  \  A
)  ->  ( (
( On  \  A
)  i^i  x )  =  (/)  ->  x  e.  A ) ) )
109imp 418 . . . . . . . 8  |-  ( ( ( x  e.  On  ->  ( x  C_  A  ->  x  e.  A ) )  /\  x  e.  ( On  \  A
) )  ->  (
( ( On  \  A )  i^i  x
)  =  (/)  ->  x  e.  A ) )
112, 10mtod 168 . . . . . . 7  |-  ( ( ( x  e.  On  ->  ( x  C_  A  ->  x  e.  A ) )  /\  x  e.  ( On  \  A
) )  ->  -.  ( ( On  \  A )  i^i  x
)  =  (/) )
1211ex 423 . . . . . 6  |-  ( ( x  e.  On  ->  ( x  C_  A  ->  x  e.  A ) )  ->  ( x  e.  ( On  \  A
)  ->  -.  (
( On  \  A
)  i^i  x )  =  (/) ) )
1312ralimi2 2615 . . . . 5  |-  ( A. x  e.  On  (
x  C_  A  ->  x  e.  A )  ->  A. x  e.  ( On  \  A )  -.  ( ( On  \  A )  i^i  x
)  =  (/) )
14 ralnex 2553 . . . . 5  |-  ( A. x  e.  ( On  \  A )  -.  (
( On  \  A
)  i^i  x )  =  (/)  <->  -.  E. x  e.  ( On  \  A
) ( ( On 
\  A )  i^i  x )  =  (/) )
1513, 14sylib 188 . . . 4  |-  ( A. x  e.  On  (
x  C_  A  ->  x  e.  A )  ->  -.  E. x  e.  ( On  \  A ) ( ( On  \  A )  i^i  x
)  =  (/) )
16 ssdif0 3513 . . . . . 6  |-  ( On  C_  A  <->  ( On  \  A )  =  (/) )
1716necon3bbii 2477 . . . . 5  |-  ( -.  On  C_  A  <->  ( On  \  A )  =/=  (/) )
18 ordon 4574 . . . . . 6  |-  Ord  On
19 difss 3303 . . . . . 6  |-  ( On 
\  A )  C_  On
20 tz7.5 4413 . . . . . 6  |-  ( ( Ord  On  /\  ( On  \  A )  C_  On  /\  ( On  \  A )  =/=  (/) )  ->  E. x  e.  ( On  \  A ) ( ( On  \  A
)  i^i  x )  =  (/) )
2118, 19, 20mp3an12 1267 . . . . 5  |-  ( ( On  \  A )  =/=  (/)  ->  E. x  e.  ( On  \  A
) ( ( On 
\  A )  i^i  x )  =  (/) )
2217, 21sylbi 187 . . . 4  |-  ( -.  On  C_  A  ->  E. x  e.  ( On 
\  A ) ( ( On  \  A
)  i^i  x )  =  (/) )
2315, 22nsyl2 119 . . 3  |-  ( A. x  e.  On  (
x  C_  A  ->  x  e.  A )  ->  On  C_  A )
2423anim2i 552 . 2  |-  ( ( A  C_  On  /\  A. x  e.  On  (
x  C_  A  ->  x  e.  A ) )  ->  ( A  C_  On  /\  On  C_  A
) )
25 eqss 3194 . 2  |-  ( A  =  On  <->  ( A  C_  On  /\  On  C_  A ) )
2624, 25sylibr 203 1  |-  ( ( A  C_  On  /\  A. x  e.  On  (
x  C_  A  ->  x  e.  A ) )  ->  A  =  On )
Colors of variables: wff set class
Syntax hints:   -. wn 3    -> wi 4    /\ wa 358    = wceq 1623    e. wcel 1684    =/= wne 2446   A.wral 2543   E.wrex 2544    \ cdif 3149    i^i cin 3151    C_ wss 3152   (/)c0 3455   Ord word 4391   Oncon0 4392
This theorem is referenced by:  tfis  4645  tfisg  24204
This theorem was proved from axioms:  ax-1 5  ax-2 6  ax-3 7  ax-mp 8  ax-gen 1533  ax-5 1544  ax-17 1603  ax-9 1635  ax-8 1643  ax-13 1686  ax-14 1688  ax-6 1703  ax-7 1708  ax-11 1715  ax-12 1866  ax-ext 2264  ax-sep 4141  ax-nul 4149  ax-pr 4214  ax-un 4512
This theorem depends on definitions:  df-bi 177  df-or 359  df-an 360  df-3or 935  df-3an 936  df-tru 1310  df-ex 1529  df-nf 1532  df-sb 1630  df-eu 2147  df-mo 2148  df-clab 2270  df-cleq 2276  df-clel 2279  df-nfc 2408  df-ne 2448  df-ral 2548  df-rex 2549  df-rab 2552  df-v 2790  df-sbc 2992  df-dif 3155  df-un 3157  df-in 3159  df-ss 3166  df-pss 3168  df-nul 3456  df-if 3566  df-sn 3646  df-pr 3647  df-tp 3648  df-op 3649  df-uni 3828  df-br 4024  df-opab 4078  df-tr 4114  df-eprel 4305  df-po 4314  df-so 4315  df-fr 4352  df-we 4354  df-ord 4395  df-on 4396
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