MPE Home Metamath Proof Explorer < Previous   Next >
Nearby theorems
Mirrors  >  Home  >  MPE Home  >  Th. List  >  2sqlem10 Structured version   Visualization version   GIF version

Theorem 2sqlem10 25373
Description: Lemma for 2sq 25375. Every factor of a "proper" sum of two squares (where the summands are coprime) is a sum of two squares. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 19-Jun-2015.)
Hypotheses
Ref Expression
2sq.1 𝑆 = ran (𝑤 ∈ ℤ[i] ↦ ((abs‘𝑤)↑2))
2sqlem7.2 𝑌 = {𝑧 ∣ ∃𝑥 ∈ ℤ ∃𝑦 ∈ ℤ ((𝑥 gcd 𝑦) = 1 ∧ 𝑧 = ((𝑥↑2) + (𝑦↑2)))}
Assertion
Ref Expression
2sqlem10 ((𝐴𝑌𝐵 ∈ ℕ ∧ 𝐵𝐴) → 𝐵𝑆)
Distinct variable groups:   𝑥,𝑤,𝑦,𝑧   𝑥,𝐴,𝑦,𝑧   𝑥,𝐵,𝑦   𝑥,𝑆,𝑦,𝑧   𝑥,𝑌,𝑦
Allowed substitution hints:   𝐴(𝑤)   𝐵(𝑧,𝑤)   𝑆(𝑤)   𝑌(𝑧,𝑤)

Proof of Theorem 2sqlem10
Dummy variables 𝑎 𝑏 𝑛 𝑚 are mutually distinct and distinct from all other variables.
StepHypRef Expression
1 breq1 4807 . . . . . 6 (𝑏 = 𝐵 → (𝑏𝑎𝐵𝑎))
2 eleq1 2827 . . . . . 6 (𝑏 = 𝐵 → (𝑏𝑆𝐵𝑆))
31, 2imbi12d 333 . . . . 5 (𝑏 = 𝐵 → ((𝑏𝑎𝑏𝑆) ↔ (𝐵𝑎𝐵𝑆)))
43ralbidv 3124 . . . 4 (𝑏 = 𝐵 → (∀𝑎𝑌 (𝑏𝑎𝑏𝑆) ↔ ∀𝑎𝑌 (𝐵𝑎𝐵𝑆)))
5 oveq2 6822 . . . . . 6 (𝑚 = 1 → (1...𝑚) = (1...1))
65raleqdv 3283 . . . . 5 (𝑚 = 1 → (∀𝑏 ∈ (1...𝑚)∀𝑎𝑌 (𝑏𝑎𝑏𝑆) ↔ ∀𝑏 ∈ (1...1)∀𝑎𝑌 (𝑏𝑎𝑏𝑆)))
7 oveq2 6822 . . . . . 6 (𝑚 = 𝑛 → (1...𝑚) = (1...𝑛))
87raleqdv 3283 . . . . 5 (𝑚 = 𝑛 → (∀𝑏 ∈ (1...𝑚)∀𝑎𝑌 (𝑏𝑎𝑏𝑆) ↔ ∀𝑏 ∈ (1...𝑛)∀𝑎𝑌 (𝑏𝑎𝑏𝑆)))
9 oveq2 6822 . . . . . 6 (𝑚 = (𝑛 + 1) → (1...𝑚) = (1...(𝑛 + 1)))
109raleqdv 3283 . . . . 5 (𝑚 = (𝑛 + 1) → (∀𝑏 ∈ (1...𝑚)∀𝑎𝑌 (𝑏𝑎𝑏𝑆) ↔ ∀𝑏 ∈ (1...(𝑛 + 1))∀𝑎𝑌 (𝑏𝑎𝑏𝑆)))
11 oveq2 6822 . . . . . 6 (𝑚 = 𝐵 → (1...𝑚) = (1...𝐵))
1211raleqdv 3283 . . . . 5 (𝑚 = 𝐵 → (∀𝑏 ∈ (1...𝑚)∀𝑎𝑌 (𝑏𝑎𝑏𝑆) ↔ ∀𝑏 ∈ (1...𝐵)∀𝑎𝑌 (𝑏𝑎𝑏𝑆)))
13 elfz1eq 12565 . . . . . . . . 9 (𝑏 ∈ (1...1) → 𝑏 = 1)
14 1z 11619 . . . . . . . . . . . 12 1 ∈ ℤ
15 zgz 15859 . . . . . . . . . . . 12 (1 ∈ ℤ → 1 ∈ ℤ[i])
1614, 15ax-mp 5 . . . . . . . . . . 11 1 ∈ ℤ[i]
17 sq1 13172 . . . . . . . . . . . 12 (1↑2) = 1
1817eqcomi 2769 . . . . . . . . . . 11 1 = (1↑2)
19 fveq2 6353 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 (𝑥 = 1 → (abs‘𝑥) = (abs‘1))
20 abs1 14256 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 (abs‘1) = 1
2119, 20syl6eq 2810 . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 (𝑥 = 1 → (abs‘𝑥) = 1)
2221oveq1d 6829 . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 (𝑥 = 1 → ((abs‘𝑥)↑2) = (1↑2))
2322eqeq2d 2770 . . . . . . . . . . . 12 (𝑥 = 1 → (1 = ((abs‘𝑥)↑2) ↔ 1 = (1↑2)))
2423rspcev 3449 . . . . . . . . . . 11 ((1 ∈ ℤ[i] ∧ 1 = (1↑2)) → ∃𝑥 ∈ ℤ[i] 1 = ((abs‘𝑥)↑2))
2516, 18, 24mp2an 710 . . . . . . . . . 10 𝑥 ∈ ℤ[i] 1 = ((abs‘𝑥)↑2)
26 2sq.1 . . . . . . . . . . 11 𝑆 = ran (𝑤 ∈ ℤ[i] ↦ ((abs‘𝑤)↑2))
27262sqlem1 25362 . . . . . . . . . 10 (1 ∈ 𝑆 ↔ ∃𝑥 ∈ ℤ[i] 1 = ((abs‘𝑥)↑2))
2825, 27mpbir 221 . . . . . . . . 9 1 ∈ 𝑆
2913, 28syl6eqel 2847 . . . . . . . 8 (𝑏 ∈ (1...1) → 𝑏𝑆)
3029a1d 25 . . . . . . 7 (𝑏 ∈ (1...1) → (𝑏𝑎𝑏𝑆))
3130ralrimivw 3105 . . . . . 6 (𝑏 ∈ (1...1) → ∀𝑎𝑌 (𝑏𝑎𝑏𝑆))
3231rgen 3060 . . . . 5 𝑏 ∈ (1...1)∀𝑎𝑌 (𝑏𝑎𝑏𝑆)
33 2sqlem7.2 . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 𝑌 = {𝑧 ∣ ∃𝑥 ∈ ℤ ∃𝑦 ∈ ℤ ((𝑥 gcd 𝑦) = 1 ∧ 𝑧 = ((𝑥↑2) + (𝑦↑2)))}
34 simplr 809 . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 (((𝑛 ∈ ℕ ∧ ∀𝑏 ∈ (1...𝑛)∀𝑎𝑌 (𝑏𝑎𝑏𝑆)) ∧ (𝑚𝑌 ∧ (𝑛 + 1) ∥ 𝑚)) → ∀𝑏 ∈ (1...𝑛)∀𝑎𝑌 (𝑏𝑎𝑏𝑆))
35 nncn 11240 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 (𝑛 ∈ ℕ → 𝑛 ∈ ℂ)
3635ad2antrr 764 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 (((𝑛 ∈ ℕ ∧ ∀𝑏 ∈ (1...𝑛)∀𝑎𝑌 (𝑏𝑎𝑏𝑆)) ∧ (𝑚𝑌 ∧ (𝑛 + 1) ∥ 𝑚)) → 𝑛 ∈ ℂ)
37 ax-1cn 10206 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 1 ∈ ℂ
38 pncan 10499 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 ((𝑛 ∈ ℂ ∧ 1 ∈ ℂ) → ((𝑛 + 1) − 1) = 𝑛)
3936, 37, 38sylancl 697 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16 (((𝑛 ∈ ℕ ∧ ∀𝑏 ∈ (1...𝑛)∀𝑎𝑌 (𝑏𝑎𝑏𝑆)) ∧ (𝑚𝑌 ∧ (𝑛 + 1) ∥ 𝑚)) → ((𝑛 + 1) − 1) = 𝑛)
4039oveq2d 6830 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 (((𝑛 ∈ ℕ ∧ ∀𝑏 ∈ (1...𝑛)∀𝑎𝑌 (𝑏𝑎𝑏𝑆)) ∧ (𝑚𝑌 ∧ (𝑛 + 1) ∥ 𝑚)) → (1...((𝑛 + 1) − 1)) = (1...𝑛))
4140raleqdv 3283 . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 (((𝑛 ∈ ℕ ∧ ∀𝑏 ∈ (1...𝑛)∀𝑎𝑌 (𝑏𝑎𝑏𝑆)) ∧ (𝑚𝑌 ∧ (𝑛 + 1) ∥ 𝑚)) → (∀𝑏 ∈ (1...((𝑛 + 1) − 1))∀𝑎𝑌 (𝑏𝑎𝑏𝑆) ↔ ∀𝑏 ∈ (1...𝑛)∀𝑎𝑌 (𝑏𝑎𝑏𝑆)))
4234, 41mpbird 247 . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 (((𝑛 ∈ ℕ ∧ ∀𝑏 ∈ (1...𝑛)∀𝑎𝑌 (𝑏𝑎𝑏𝑆)) ∧ (𝑚𝑌 ∧ (𝑛 + 1) ∥ 𝑚)) → ∀𝑏 ∈ (1...((𝑛 + 1) − 1))∀𝑎𝑌 (𝑏𝑎𝑏𝑆))
43 simprr 813 . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 (((𝑛 ∈ ℕ ∧ ∀𝑏 ∈ (1...𝑛)∀𝑎𝑌 (𝑏𝑎𝑏𝑆)) ∧ (𝑚𝑌 ∧ (𝑛 + 1) ∥ 𝑚)) → (𝑛 + 1) ∥ 𝑚)
44 peano2nn 11244 . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 (𝑛 ∈ ℕ → (𝑛 + 1) ∈ ℕ)
4544ad2antrr 764 . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 (((𝑛 ∈ ℕ ∧ ∀𝑏 ∈ (1...𝑛)∀𝑎𝑌 (𝑏𝑎𝑏𝑆)) ∧ (𝑚𝑌 ∧ (𝑛 + 1) ∥ 𝑚)) → (𝑛 + 1) ∈ ℕ)
46 simprl 811 . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 (((𝑛 ∈ ℕ ∧ ∀𝑏 ∈ (1...𝑛)∀𝑎𝑌 (𝑏𝑎𝑏𝑆)) ∧ (𝑚𝑌 ∧ (𝑛 + 1) ∥ 𝑚)) → 𝑚𝑌)
4726, 33, 42, 43, 45, 462sqlem9 25372 . . . . . . . . . . . 12 (((𝑛 ∈ ℕ ∧ ∀𝑏 ∈ (1...𝑛)∀𝑎𝑌 (𝑏𝑎𝑏𝑆)) ∧ (𝑚𝑌 ∧ (𝑛 + 1) ∥ 𝑚)) → (𝑛 + 1) ∈ 𝑆)
4847expr 644 . . . . . . . . . . 11 (((𝑛 ∈ ℕ ∧ ∀𝑏 ∈ (1...𝑛)∀𝑎𝑌 (𝑏𝑎𝑏𝑆)) ∧ 𝑚𝑌) → ((𝑛 + 1) ∥ 𝑚 → (𝑛 + 1) ∈ 𝑆))
4948ralrimiva 3104 . . . . . . . . . 10 ((𝑛 ∈ ℕ ∧ ∀𝑏 ∈ (1...𝑛)∀𝑎𝑌 (𝑏𝑎𝑏𝑆)) → ∀𝑚𝑌 ((𝑛 + 1) ∥ 𝑚 → (𝑛 + 1) ∈ 𝑆))
5049ex 449 . . . . . . . . 9 (𝑛 ∈ ℕ → (∀𝑏 ∈ (1...𝑛)∀𝑎𝑌 (𝑏𝑎𝑏𝑆) → ∀𝑚𝑌 ((𝑛 + 1) ∥ 𝑚 → (𝑛 + 1) ∈ 𝑆)))
51 breq2 4808 . . . . . . . . . . 11 (𝑎 = 𝑚 → ((𝑛 + 1) ∥ 𝑎 ↔ (𝑛 + 1) ∥ 𝑚))
5251imbi1d 330 . . . . . . . . . 10 (𝑎 = 𝑚 → (((𝑛 + 1) ∥ 𝑎 → (𝑛 + 1) ∈ 𝑆) ↔ ((𝑛 + 1) ∥ 𝑚 → (𝑛 + 1) ∈ 𝑆)))
5352cbvralv 3310 . . . . . . . . 9 (∀𝑎𝑌 ((𝑛 + 1) ∥ 𝑎 → (𝑛 + 1) ∈ 𝑆) ↔ ∀𝑚𝑌 ((𝑛 + 1) ∥ 𝑚 → (𝑛 + 1) ∈ 𝑆))
5450, 53syl6ibr 242 . . . . . . . 8 (𝑛 ∈ ℕ → (∀𝑏 ∈ (1...𝑛)∀𝑎𝑌 (𝑏𝑎𝑏𝑆) → ∀𝑎𝑌 ((𝑛 + 1) ∥ 𝑎 → (𝑛 + 1) ∈ 𝑆)))
55 ovex 6842 . . . . . . . . 9 (𝑛 + 1) ∈ V
56 breq1 4807 . . . . . . . . . . 11 (𝑏 = (𝑛 + 1) → (𝑏𝑎 ↔ (𝑛 + 1) ∥ 𝑎))
57 eleq1 2827 . . . . . . . . . . 11 (𝑏 = (𝑛 + 1) → (𝑏𝑆 ↔ (𝑛 + 1) ∈ 𝑆))
5856, 57imbi12d 333 . . . . . . . . . 10 (𝑏 = (𝑛 + 1) → ((𝑏𝑎𝑏𝑆) ↔ ((𝑛 + 1) ∥ 𝑎 → (𝑛 + 1) ∈ 𝑆)))
5958ralbidv 3124 . . . . . . . . 9 (𝑏 = (𝑛 + 1) → (∀𝑎𝑌 (𝑏𝑎𝑏𝑆) ↔ ∀𝑎𝑌 ((𝑛 + 1) ∥ 𝑎 → (𝑛 + 1) ∈ 𝑆)))
6055, 59ralsn 4366 . . . . . . . 8 (∀𝑏 ∈ {(𝑛 + 1)}∀𝑎𝑌 (𝑏𝑎𝑏𝑆) ↔ ∀𝑎𝑌 ((𝑛 + 1) ∥ 𝑎 → (𝑛 + 1) ∈ 𝑆))
6154, 60syl6ibr 242 . . . . . . 7 (𝑛 ∈ ℕ → (∀𝑏 ∈ (1...𝑛)∀𝑎𝑌 (𝑏𝑎𝑏𝑆) → ∀𝑏 ∈ {(𝑛 + 1)}∀𝑎𝑌 (𝑏𝑎𝑏𝑆)))
6261ancld 577 . . . . . 6 (𝑛 ∈ ℕ → (∀𝑏 ∈ (1...𝑛)∀𝑎𝑌 (𝑏𝑎𝑏𝑆) → (∀𝑏 ∈ (1...𝑛)∀𝑎𝑌 (𝑏𝑎𝑏𝑆) ∧ ∀𝑏 ∈ {(𝑛 + 1)}∀𝑎𝑌 (𝑏𝑎𝑏𝑆))))
63 elnnuz 11937 . . . . . . . . 9 (𝑛 ∈ ℕ ↔ 𝑛 ∈ (ℤ‘1))
64 fzsuc 12601 . . . . . . . . 9 (𝑛 ∈ (ℤ‘1) → (1...(𝑛 + 1)) = ((1...𝑛) ∪ {(𝑛 + 1)}))
6563, 64sylbi 207 . . . . . . . 8 (𝑛 ∈ ℕ → (1...(𝑛 + 1)) = ((1...𝑛) ∪ {(𝑛 + 1)}))
6665raleqdv 3283 . . . . . . 7 (𝑛 ∈ ℕ → (∀𝑏 ∈ (1...(𝑛 + 1))∀𝑎𝑌 (𝑏𝑎𝑏𝑆) ↔ ∀𝑏 ∈ ((1...𝑛) ∪ {(𝑛 + 1)})∀𝑎𝑌 (𝑏𝑎𝑏𝑆)))
67 ralunb 3937 . . . . . . 7 (∀𝑏 ∈ ((1...𝑛) ∪ {(𝑛 + 1)})∀𝑎𝑌 (𝑏𝑎𝑏𝑆) ↔ (∀𝑏 ∈ (1...𝑛)∀𝑎𝑌 (𝑏𝑎𝑏𝑆) ∧ ∀𝑏 ∈ {(𝑛 + 1)}∀𝑎𝑌 (𝑏𝑎𝑏𝑆)))
6866, 67syl6bb 276 . . . . . 6 (𝑛 ∈ ℕ → (∀𝑏 ∈ (1...(𝑛 + 1))∀𝑎𝑌 (𝑏𝑎𝑏𝑆) ↔ (∀𝑏 ∈ (1...𝑛)∀𝑎𝑌 (𝑏𝑎𝑏𝑆) ∧ ∀𝑏 ∈ {(𝑛 + 1)}∀𝑎𝑌 (𝑏𝑎𝑏𝑆))))
6962, 68sylibrd 249 . . . . 5 (𝑛 ∈ ℕ → (∀𝑏 ∈ (1...𝑛)∀𝑎𝑌 (𝑏𝑎𝑏𝑆) → ∀𝑏 ∈ (1...(𝑛 + 1))∀𝑎𝑌 (𝑏𝑎𝑏𝑆)))
706, 8, 10, 12, 32, 69nnind 11250 . . . 4 (𝐵 ∈ ℕ → ∀𝑏 ∈ (1...𝐵)∀𝑎𝑌 (𝑏𝑎𝑏𝑆))
71 elfz1end 12584 . . . . 5 (𝐵 ∈ ℕ ↔ 𝐵 ∈ (1...𝐵))
7271biimpi 206 . . . 4 (𝐵 ∈ ℕ → 𝐵 ∈ (1...𝐵))
734, 70, 72rspcdva 3455 . . 3 (𝐵 ∈ ℕ → ∀𝑎𝑌 (𝐵𝑎𝐵𝑆))
74 breq2 4808 . . . . 5 (𝑎 = 𝐴 → (𝐵𝑎𝐵𝐴))
7574imbi1d 330 . . . 4 (𝑎 = 𝐴 → ((𝐵𝑎𝐵𝑆) ↔ (𝐵𝐴𝐵𝑆)))
7675rspcv 3445 . . 3 (𝐴𝑌 → (∀𝑎𝑌 (𝐵𝑎𝐵𝑆) → (𝐵𝐴𝐵𝑆)))
7773, 76syl5 34 . 2 (𝐴𝑌 → (𝐵 ∈ ℕ → (𝐵𝐴𝐵𝑆)))
78773imp 1102 1 ((𝐴𝑌𝐵 ∈ ℕ ∧ 𝐵𝐴) → 𝐵𝑆)
Colors of variables: wff setvar class
Syntax hints:  wi 4  wa 383  w3a 1072   = wceq 1632  wcel 2139  {cab 2746  wral 3050  wrex 3051  cun 3713  {csn 4321   class class class wbr 4804  cmpt 4881  ran crn 5267  cfv 6049  (class class class)co 6814  cc 10146  1c1 10149   + caddc 10151  cmin 10478  cn 11232  2c2 11282  cz 11589  cuz 11899  ...cfz 12539  cexp 13074  abscabs 14193  cdvds 15202   gcd cgcd 15438  ℤ[i]cgz 15855
This theorem was proved from axioms:  ax-mp 5  ax-1 6  ax-2 7  ax-3 8  ax-gen 1871  ax-4 1886  ax-5 1988  ax-6 2054  ax-7 2090  ax-8 2141  ax-9 2148  ax-10 2168  ax-11 2183  ax-12 2196  ax-13 2391  ax-ext 2740  ax-sep 4933  ax-nul 4941  ax-pow 4992  ax-pr 5055  ax-un 7115  ax-cnex 10204  ax-resscn 10205  ax-1cn 10206  ax-icn 10207  ax-addcl 10208  ax-addrcl 10209  ax-mulcl 10210  ax-mulrcl 10211  ax-mulcom 10212  ax-addass 10213  ax-mulass 10214  ax-distr 10215  ax-i2m1 10216  ax-1ne0 10217  ax-1rid 10218  ax-rnegex 10219  ax-rrecex 10220  ax-cnre 10221  ax-pre-lttri 10222  ax-pre-lttrn 10223  ax-pre-ltadd 10224  ax-pre-mulgt0 10225  ax-pre-sup 10226
This theorem depends on definitions:  df-bi 197  df-or 384  df-an 385  df-3or 1073  df-3an 1074  df-tru 1635  df-ex 1854  df-nf 1859  df-sb 2047  df-eu 2611  df-mo 2612  df-clab 2747  df-cleq 2753  df-clel 2756  df-nfc 2891  df-ne 2933  df-nel 3036  df-ral 3055  df-rex 3056  df-reu 3057  df-rmo 3058  df-rab 3059  df-v 3342  df-sbc 3577  df-csb 3675  df-dif 3718  df-un 3720  df-in 3722  df-ss 3729  df-pss 3731  df-nul 4059  df-if 4231  df-pw 4304  df-sn 4322  df-pr 4324  df-tp 4326  df-op 4328  df-uni 4589  df-iun 4674  df-br 4805  df-opab 4865  df-mpt 4882  df-tr 4905  df-id 5174  df-eprel 5179  df-po 5187  df-so 5188  df-fr 5225  df-we 5227  df-xp 5272  df-rel 5273  df-cnv 5274  df-co 5275  df-dm 5276  df-rn 5277  df-res 5278  df-ima 5279  df-pred 5841  df-ord 5887  df-on 5888  df-lim 5889  df-suc 5890  df-iota 6012  df-fun 6051  df-fn 6052  df-f 6053  df-f1 6054  df-fo 6055  df-f1o 6056  df-fv 6057  df-riota 6775  df-ov 6817  df-oprab 6818  df-mpt2 6819  df-om 7232  df-1st 7334  df-2nd 7335  df-wrecs 7577  df-recs 7638  df-rdg 7676  df-1o 7730  df-2o 7731  df-er 7913  df-en 8124  df-dom 8125  df-sdom 8126  df-fin 8127  df-sup 8515  df-inf 8516  df-pnf 10288  df-mnf 10289  df-xr 10290  df-ltxr 10291  df-le 10292  df-sub 10480  df-neg 10481  df-div 10897  df-nn 11233  df-2 11291  df-3 11292  df-n0 11505  df-z 11590  df-uz 11900  df-rp 12046  df-fz 12540  df-fl 12807  df-mod 12883  df-seq 13016  df-exp 13075  df-cj 14058  df-re 14059  df-im 14060  df-sqrt 14194  df-abs 14195  df-dvds 15203  df-gcd 15439  df-prm 15608  df-gz 15856
This theorem is referenced by:  2sqlem11  25374
  Copyright terms: Public domain W3C validator