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Theorem 2sqlem10 24898
Description: Lemma for 2sq 24900. Every factor of a "proper" sum of two squares (where the summands are coprime) is a sum of two squares. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 19-Jun-2015.)
Hypotheses
Ref Expression
2sq.1 𝑆 = ran (𝑤 ∈ ℤ[i] ↦ ((abs‘𝑤)↑2))
2sqlem7.2 𝑌 = {𝑧 ∣ ∃𝑥 ∈ ℤ ∃𝑦 ∈ ℤ ((𝑥 gcd 𝑦) = 1 ∧ 𝑧 = ((𝑥↑2) + (𝑦↑2)))}
Assertion
Ref Expression
2sqlem10 ((𝐴𝑌𝐵 ∈ ℕ ∧ 𝐵𝐴) → 𝐵𝑆)
Distinct variable groups:   𝑥,𝑤,𝑦,𝑧   𝑥,𝐴,𝑦,𝑧   𝑥,𝐵,𝑦   𝑥,𝑆,𝑦,𝑧   𝑥,𝑌,𝑦
Allowed substitution hints:   𝐴(𝑤)   𝐵(𝑧,𝑤)   𝑆(𝑤)   𝑌(𝑧,𝑤)

Proof of Theorem 2sqlem10
Dummy variables 𝑎 𝑏 𝑛 𝑚 are mutually distinct and distinct from all other variables.
StepHypRef Expression
1 elfz1end 12200 . . . . 5 (𝐵 ∈ ℕ ↔ 𝐵 ∈ (1...𝐵))
21biimpi 205 . . . 4 (𝐵 ∈ ℕ → 𝐵 ∈ (1...𝐵))
3 oveq2 6535 . . . . . 6 (𝑚 = 1 → (1...𝑚) = (1...1))
43raleqdv 3121 . . . . 5 (𝑚 = 1 → (∀𝑏 ∈ (1...𝑚)∀𝑎𝑌 (𝑏𝑎𝑏𝑆) ↔ ∀𝑏 ∈ (1...1)∀𝑎𝑌 (𝑏𝑎𝑏𝑆)))
5 oveq2 6535 . . . . . 6 (𝑚 = 𝑛 → (1...𝑚) = (1...𝑛))
65raleqdv 3121 . . . . 5 (𝑚 = 𝑛 → (∀𝑏 ∈ (1...𝑚)∀𝑎𝑌 (𝑏𝑎𝑏𝑆) ↔ ∀𝑏 ∈ (1...𝑛)∀𝑎𝑌 (𝑏𝑎𝑏𝑆)))
7 oveq2 6535 . . . . . 6 (𝑚 = (𝑛 + 1) → (1...𝑚) = (1...(𝑛 + 1)))
87raleqdv 3121 . . . . 5 (𝑚 = (𝑛 + 1) → (∀𝑏 ∈ (1...𝑚)∀𝑎𝑌 (𝑏𝑎𝑏𝑆) ↔ ∀𝑏 ∈ (1...(𝑛 + 1))∀𝑎𝑌 (𝑏𝑎𝑏𝑆)))
9 oveq2 6535 . . . . . 6 (𝑚 = 𝐵 → (1...𝑚) = (1...𝐵))
109raleqdv 3121 . . . . 5 (𝑚 = 𝐵 → (∀𝑏 ∈ (1...𝑚)∀𝑎𝑌 (𝑏𝑎𝑏𝑆) ↔ ∀𝑏 ∈ (1...𝐵)∀𝑎𝑌 (𝑏𝑎𝑏𝑆)))
11 elfz1eq 12181 . . . . . . . . 9 (𝑏 ∈ (1...1) → 𝑏 = 1)
12 1z 11243 . . . . . . . . . . . 12 1 ∈ ℤ
13 zgz 15424 . . . . . . . . . . . 12 (1 ∈ ℤ → 1 ∈ ℤ[i])
1412, 13ax-mp 5 . . . . . . . . . . 11 1 ∈ ℤ[i]
15 sq1 12778 . . . . . . . . . . . 12 (1↑2) = 1
1615eqcomi 2619 . . . . . . . . . . 11 1 = (1↑2)
17 fveq2 6088 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 (𝑥 = 1 → (abs‘𝑥) = (abs‘1))
18 abs1 13834 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 (abs‘1) = 1
1917, 18syl6eq 2660 . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 (𝑥 = 1 → (abs‘𝑥) = 1)
2019oveq1d 6542 . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 (𝑥 = 1 → ((abs‘𝑥)↑2) = (1↑2))
2120eqeq2d 2620 . . . . . . . . . . . 12 (𝑥 = 1 → (1 = ((abs‘𝑥)↑2) ↔ 1 = (1↑2)))
2221rspcev 3282 . . . . . . . . . . 11 ((1 ∈ ℤ[i] ∧ 1 = (1↑2)) → ∃𝑥 ∈ ℤ[i] 1 = ((abs‘𝑥)↑2))
2314, 16, 22mp2an 704 . . . . . . . . . 10 𝑥 ∈ ℤ[i] 1 = ((abs‘𝑥)↑2)
24 2sq.1 . . . . . . . . . . 11 𝑆 = ran (𝑤 ∈ ℤ[i] ↦ ((abs‘𝑤)↑2))
25242sqlem1 24887 . . . . . . . . . 10 (1 ∈ 𝑆 ↔ ∃𝑥 ∈ ℤ[i] 1 = ((abs‘𝑥)↑2))
2623, 25mpbir 220 . . . . . . . . 9 1 ∈ 𝑆
2711, 26syl6eqel 2696 . . . . . . . 8 (𝑏 ∈ (1...1) → 𝑏𝑆)
2827a1d 25 . . . . . . 7 (𝑏 ∈ (1...1) → (𝑏𝑎𝑏𝑆))
2928ralrimivw 2950 . . . . . 6 (𝑏 ∈ (1...1) → ∀𝑎𝑌 (𝑏𝑎𝑏𝑆))
3029rgen 2906 . . . . 5 𝑏 ∈ (1...1)∀𝑎𝑌 (𝑏𝑎𝑏𝑆)
31 2sqlem7.2 . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 𝑌 = {𝑧 ∣ ∃𝑥 ∈ ℤ ∃𝑦 ∈ ℤ ((𝑥 gcd 𝑦) = 1 ∧ 𝑧 = ((𝑥↑2) + (𝑦↑2)))}
32 simplr 788 . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 (((𝑛 ∈ ℕ ∧ ∀𝑏 ∈ (1...𝑛)∀𝑎𝑌 (𝑏𝑎𝑏𝑆)) ∧ (𝑚𝑌 ∧ (𝑛 + 1) ∥ 𝑚)) → ∀𝑏 ∈ (1...𝑛)∀𝑎𝑌 (𝑏𝑎𝑏𝑆))
33 nncn 10878 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 (𝑛 ∈ ℕ → 𝑛 ∈ ℂ)
3433ad2antrr 758 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 (((𝑛 ∈ ℕ ∧ ∀𝑏 ∈ (1...𝑛)∀𝑎𝑌 (𝑏𝑎𝑏𝑆)) ∧ (𝑚𝑌 ∧ (𝑛 + 1) ∥ 𝑚)) → 𝑛 ∈ ℂ)
35 ax-1cn 9851 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 1 ∈ ℂ
36 pncan 10139 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 ((𝑛 ∈ ℂ ∧ 1 ∈ ℂ) → ((𝑛 + 1) − 1) = 𝑛)
3734, 35, 36sylancl 693 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16 (((𝑛 ∈ ℕ ∧ ∀𝑏 ∈ (1...𝑛)∀𝑎𝑌 (𝑏𝑎𝑏𝑆)) ∧ (𝑚𝑌 ∧ (𝑛 + 1) ∥ 𝑚)) → ((𝑛 + 1) − 1) = 𝑛)
3837oveq2d 6543 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 (((𝑛 ∈ ℕ ∧ ∀𝑏 ∈ (1...𝑛)∀𝑎𝑌 (𝑏𝑎𝑏𝑆)) ∧ (𝑚𝑌 ∧ (𝑛 + 1) ∥ 𝑚)) → (1...((𝑛 + 1) − 1)) = (1...𝑛))
3938raleqdv 3121 . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 (((𝑛 ∈ ℕ ∧ ∀𝑏 ∈ (1...𝑛)∀𝑎𝑌 (𝑏𝑎𝑏𝑆)) ∧ (𝑚𝑌 ∧ (𝑛 + 1) ∥ 𝑚)) → (∀𝑏 ∈ (1...((𝑛 + 1) − 1))∀𝑎𝑌 (𝑏𝑎𝑏𝑆) ↔ ∀𝑏 ∈ (1...𝑛)∀𝑎𝑌 (𝑏𝑎𝑏𝑆)))
4032, 39mpbird 246 . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 (((𝑛 ∈ ℕ ∧ ∀𝑏 ∈ (1...𝑛)∀𝑎𝑌 (𝑏𝑎𝑏𝑆)) ∧ (𝑚𝑌 ∧ (𝑛 + 1) ∥ 𝑚)) → ∀𝑏 ∈ (1...((𝑛 + 1) − 1))∀𝑎𝑌 (𝑏𝑎𝑏𝑆))
41 simprr 792 . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 (((𝑛 ∈ ℕ ∧ ∀𝑏 ∈ (1...𝑛)∀𝑎𝑌 (𝑏𝑎𝑏𝑆)) ∧ (𝑚𝑌 ∧ (𝑛 + 1) ∥ 𝑚)) → (𝑛 + 1) ∥ 𝑚)
42 peano2nn 10882 . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 (𝑛 ∈ ℕ → (𝑛 + 1) ∈ ℕ)
4342ad2antrr 758 . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 (((𝑛 ∈ ℕ ∧ ∀𝑏 ∈ (1...𝑛)∀𝑎𝑌 (𝑏𝑎𝑏𝑆)) ∧ (𝑚𝑌 ∧ (𝑛 + 1) ∥ 𝑚)) → (𝑛 + 1) ∈ ℕ)
44 simprl 790 . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 (((𝑛 ∈ ℕ ∧ ∀𝑏 ∈ (1...𝑛)∀𝑎𝑌 (𝑏𝑎𝑏𝑆)) ∧ (𝑚𝑌 ∧ (𝑛 + 1) ∥ 𝑚)) → 𝑚𝑌)
4524, 31, 40, 41, 43, 442sqlem9 24897 . . . . . . . . . . . 12 (((𝑛 ∈ ℕ ∧ ∀𝑏 ∈ (1...𝑛)∀𝑎𝑌 (𝑏𝑎𝑏𝑆)) ∧ (𝑚𝑌 ∧ (𝑛 + 1) ∥ 𝑚)) → (𝑛 + 1) ∈ 𝑆)
4645expr 641 . . . . . . . . . . 11 (((𝑛 ∈ ℕ ∧ ∀𝑏 ∈ (1...𝑛)∀𝑎𝑌 (𝑏𝑎𝑏𝑆)) ∧ 𝑚𝑌) → ((𝑛 + 1) ∥ 𝑚 → (𝑛 + 1) ∈ 𝑆))
4746ralrimiva 2949 . . . . . . . . . 10 ((𝑛 ∈ ℕ ∧ ∀𝑏 ∈ (1...𝑛)∀𝑎𝑌 (𝑏𝑎𝑏𝑆)) → ∀𝑚𝑌 ((𝑛 + 1) ∥ 𝑚 → (𝑛 + 1) ∈ 𝑆))
4847ex 449 . . . . . . . . 9 (𝑛 ∈ ℕ → (∀𝑏 ∈ (1...𝑛)∀𝑎𝑌 (𝑏𝑎𝑏𝑆) → ∀𝑚𝑌 ((𝑛 + 1) ∥ 𝑚 → (𝑛 + 1) ∈ 𝑆)))
49 breq2 4582 . . . . . . . . . . 11 (𝑎 = 𝑚 → ((𝑛 + 1) ∥ 𝑎 ↔ (𝑛 + 1) ∥ 𝑚))
5049imbi1d 330 . . . . . . . . . 10 (𝑎 = 𝑚 → (((𝑛 + 1) ∥ 𝑎 → (𝑛 + 1) ∈ 𝑆) ↔ ((𝑛 + 1) ∥ 𝑚 → (𝑛 + 1) ∈ 𝑆)))
5150cbvralv 3147 . . . . . . . . 9 (∀𝑎𝑌 ((𝑛 + 1) ∥ 𝑎 → (𝑛 + 1) ∈ 𝑆) ↔ ∀𝑚𝑌 ((𝑛 + 1) ∥ 𝑚 → (𝑛 + 1) ∈ 𝑆))
5248, 51syl6ibr 241 . . . . . . . 8 (𝑛 ∈ ℕ → (∀𝑏 ∈ (1...𝑛)∀𝑎𝑌 (𝑏𝑎𝑏𝑆) → ∀𝑎𝑌 ((𝑛 + 1) ∥ 𝑎 → (𝑛 + 1) ∈ 𝑆)))
53 ovex 6555 . . . . . . . . 9 (𝑛 + 1) ∈ V
54 breq1 4581 . . . . . . . . . . 11 (𝑏 = (𝑛 + 1) → (𝑏𝑎 ↔ (𝑛 + 1) ∥ 𝑎))
55 eleq1 2676 . . . . . . . . . . 11 (𝑏 = (𝑛 + 1) → (𝑏𝑆 ↔ (𝑛 + 1) ∈ 𝑆))
5654, 55imbi12d 333 . . . . . . . . . 10 (𝑏 = (𝑛 + 1) → ((𝑏𝑎𝑏𝑆) ↔ ((𝑛 + 1) ∥ 𝑎 → (𝑛 + 1) ∈ 𝑆)))
5756ralbidv 2969 . . . . . . . . 9 (𝑏 = (𝑛 + 1) → (∀𝑎𝑌 (𝑏𝑎𝑏𝑆) ↔ ∀𝑎𝑌 ((𝑛 + 1) ∥ 𝑎 → (𝑛 + 1) ∈ 𝑆)))
5853, 57ralsn 4169 . . . . . . . 8 (∀𝑏 ∈ {(𝑛 + 1)}∀𝑎𝑌 (𝑏𝑎𝑏𝑆) ↔ ∀𝑎𝑌 ((𝑛 + 1) ∥ 𝑎 → (𝑛 + 1) ∈ 𝑆))
5952, 58syl6ibr 241 . . . . . . 7 (𝑛 ∈ ℕ → (∀𝑏 ∈ (1...𝑛)∀𝑎𝑌 (𝑏𝑎𝑏𝑆) → ∀𝑏 ∈ {(𝑛 + 1)}∀𝑎𝑌 (𝑏𝑎𝑏𝑆)))
6059ancld 574 . . . . . 6 (𝑛 ∈ ℕ → (∀𝑏 ∈ (1...𝑛)∀𝑎𝑌 (𝑏𝑎𝑏𝑆) → (∀𝑏 ∈ (1...𝑛)∀𝑎𝑌 (𝑏𝑎𝑏𝑆) ∧ ∀𝑏 ∈ {(𝑛 + 1)}∀𝑎𝑌 (𝑏𝑎𝑏𝑆))))
61 elnnuz 11559 . . . . . . . . 9 (𝑛 ∈ ℕ ↔ 𝑛 ∈ (ℤ‘1))
62 fzsuc 12216 . . . . . . . . 9 (𝑛 ∈ (ℤ‘1) → (1...(𝑛 + 1)) = ((1...𝑛) ∪ {(𝑛 + 1)}))
6361, 62sylbi 206 . . . . . . . 8 (𝑛 ∈ ℕ → (1...(𝑛 + 1)) = ((1...𝑛) ∪ {(𝑛 + 1)}))
6463raleqdv 3121 . . . . . . 7 (𝑛 ∈ ℕ → (∀𝑏 ∈ (1...(𝑛 + 1))∀𝑎𝑌 (𝑏𝑎𝑏𝑆) ↔ ∀𝑏 ∈ ((1...𝑛) ∪ {(𝑛 + 1)})∀𝑎𝑌 (𝑏𝑎𝑏𝑆)))
65 ralunb 3756 . . . . . . 7 (∀𝑏 ∈ ((1...𝑛) ∪ {(𝑛 + 1)})∀𝑎𝑌 (𝑏𝑎𝑏𝑆) ↔ (∀𝑏 ∈ (1...𝑛)∀𝑎𝑌 (𝑏𝑎𝑏𝑆) ∧ ∀𝑏 ∈ {(𝑛 + 1)}∀𝑎𝑌 (𝑏𝑎𝑏𝑆)))
6664, 65syl6bb 275 . . . . . 6 (𝑛 ∈ ℕ → (∀𝑏 ∈ (1...(𝑛 + 1))∀𝑎𝑌 (𝑏𝑎𝑏𝑆) ↔ (∀𝑏 ∈ (1...𝑛)∀𝑎𝑌 (𝑏𝑎𝑏𝑆) ∧ ∀𝑏 ∈ {(𝑛 + 1)}∀𝑎𝑌 (𝑏𝑎𝑏𝑆))))
6760, 66sylibrd 248 . . . . 5 (𝑛 ∈ ℕ → (∀𝑏 ∈ (1...𝑛)∀𝑎𝑌 (𝑏𝑎𝑏𝑆) → ∀𝑏 ∈ (1...(𝑛 + 1))∀𝑎𝑌 (𝑏𝑎𝑏𝑆)))
684, 6, 8, 10, 30, 67nnind 10888 . . . 4 (𝐵 ∈ ℕ → ∀𝑏 ∈ (1...𝐵)∀𝑎𝑌 (𝑏𝑎𝑏𝑆))
69 breq1 4581 . . . . . . 7 (𝑏 = 𝐵 → (𝑏𝑎𝐵𝑎))
70 eleq1 2676 . . . . . . 7 (𝑏 = 𝐵 → (𝑏𝑆𝐵𝑆))
7169, 70imbi12d 333 . . . . . 6 (𝑏 = 𝐵 → ((𝑏𝑎𝑏𝑆) ↔ (𝐵𝑎𝐵𝑆)))
7271ralbidv 2969 . . . . 5 (𝑏 = 𝐵 → (∀𝑎𝑌 (𝑏𝑎𝑏𝑆) ↔ ∀𝑎𝑌 (𝐵𝑎𝐵𝑆)))
7372rspcv 3278 . . . 4 (𝐵 ∈ (1...𝐵) → (∀𝑏 ∈ (1...𝐵)∀𝑎𝑌 (𝑏𝑎𝑏𝑆) → ∀𝑎𝑌 (𝐵𝑎𝐵𝑆)))
742, 68, 73sylc 63 . . 3 (𝐵 ∈ ℕ → ∀𝑎𝑌 (𝐵𝑎𝐵𝑆))
75 breq2 4582 . . . . 5 (𝑎 = 𝐴 → (𝐵𝑎𝐵𝐴))
7675imbi1d 330 . . . 4 (𝑎 = 𝐴 → ((𝐵𝑎𝐵𝑆) ↔ (𝐵𝐴𝐵𝑆)))
7776rspcv 3278 . . 3 (𝐴𝑌 → (∀𝑎𝑌 (𝐵𝑎𝐵𝑆) → (𝐵𝐴𝐵𝑆)))
7874, 77syl5 33 . 2 (𝐴𝑌 → (𝐵 ∈ ℕ → (𝐵𝐴𝐵𝑆)))
79783imp 1249 1 ((𝐴𝑌𝐵 ∈ ℕ ∧ 𝐵𝐴) → 𝐵𝑆)
Colors of variables: wff setvar class
Syntax hints:  wi 4  wa 383  w3a 1031   = wceq 1475  wcel 1977  {cab 2596  wral 2896  wrex 2897  cun 3538  {csn 4125   class class class wbr 4578  cmpt 4638  ran crn 5029  cfv 5790  (class class class)co 6527  cc 9791  1c1 9794   + caddc 9796  cmin 10118  cn 10870  2c2 10920  cz 11213  cuz 11522  ...cfz 12155  cexp 12680  abscabs 13771  cdvds 14770   gcd cgcd 15003  ℤ[i]cgz 15420
This theorem was proved from axioms:  ax-mp 5  ax-1 6  ax-2 7  ax-3 8  ax-gen 1713  ax-4 1728  ax-5 1827  ax-6 1875  ax-7 1922  ax-8 1979  ax-9 1986  ax-10 2006  ax-11 2021  ax-12 2034  ax-13 2234  ax-ext 2590  ax-sep 4704  ax-nul 4712  ax-pow 4764  ax-pr 4828  ax-un 6825  ax-cnex 9849  ax-resscn 9850  ax-1cn 9851  ax-icn 9852  ax-addcl 9853  ax-addrcl 9854  ax-mulcl 9855  ax-mulrcl 9856  ax-mulcom 9857  ax-addass 9858  ax-mulass 9859  ax-distr 9860  ax-i2m1 9861  ax-1ne0 9862  ax-1rid 9863  ax-rnegex 9864  ax-rrecex 9865  ax-cnre 9866  ax-pre-lttri 9867  ax-pre-lttrn 9868  ax-pre-ltadd 9869  ax-pre-mulgt0 9870  ax-pre-sup 9871
This theorem depends on definitions:  df-bi 196  df-or 384  df-an 385  df-3or 1032  df-3an 1033  df-tru 1478  df-ex 1696  df-nf 1701  df-sb 1868  df-eu 2462  df-mo 2463  df-clab 2597  df-cleq 2603  df-clel 2606  df-nfc 2740  df-ne 2782  df-nel 2783  df-ral 2901  df-rex 2902  df-reu 2903  df-rmo 2904  df-rab 2905  df-v 3175  df-sbc 3403  df-csb 3500  df-dif 3543  df-un 3545  df-in 3547  df-ss 3554  df-pss 3556  df-nul 3875  df-if 4037  df-pw 4110  df-sn 4126  df-pr 4128  df-tp 4130  df-op 4132  df-uni 4368  df-int 4406  df-iun 4452  df-br 4579  df-opab 4639  df-mpt 4640  df-tr 4676  df-eprel 4939  df-id 4943  df-po 4949  df-so 4950  df-fr 4987  df-we 4989  df-xp 5034  df-rel 5035  df-cnv 5036  df-co 5037  df-dm 5038  df-rn 5039  df-res 5040  df-ima 5041  df-pred 5583  df-ord 5629  df-on 5630  df-lim 5631  df-suc 5632  df-iota 5754  df-fun 5792  df-fn 5793  df-f 5794  df-f1 5795  df-fo 5796  df-f1o 5797  df-fv 5798  df-riota 6489  df-ov 6530  df-oprab 6531  df-mpt2 6532  df-om 6936  df-1st 7037  df-2nd 7038  df-wrecs 7272  df-recs 7333  df-rdg 7371  df-1o 7425  df-2o 7426  df-oadd 7429  df-er 7607  df-en 7820  df-dom 7821  df-sdom 7822  df-fin 7823  df-sup 8209  df-inf 8210  df-pnf 9933  df-mnf 9934  df-xr 9935  df-ltxr 9936  df-le 9937  df-sub 10120  df-neg 10121  df-div 10537  df-nn 10871  df-2 10929  df-3 10930  df-n0 11143  df-z 11214  df-uz 11523  df-rp 11668  df-fz 12156  df-fl 12413  df-mod 12489  df-seq 12622  df-exp 12681  df-cj 13636  df-re 13637  df-im 13638  df-sqrt 13772  df-abs 13773  df-dvds 14771  df-gcd 15004  df-prm 15173  df-gz 15421
This theorem is referenced by:  2sqlem11  24899
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