Metamath Proof Explorer < Previous   Next > Nearby theorems Mirrors  >  Home  >  MPE Home  >  Th. List  >  ac4 Structured version   Visualization version   GIF version

Theorem ac4 9335
 Description: Equivalent of Axiom of Choice. We do not insist that 𝑓 be a function. However, theorem ac5 9337, derived from this one, shows that this form of the axiom does imply that at least one such set 𝑓 whose existence we assert is in fact a function. Axiom of Choice of [TakeutiZaring] p. 83. Takeuti and Zaring call this "weak choice" in contrast to "strong choice" ∃𝐹∀𝑧(𝑧 ≠ ∅ → (𝐹‘𝑧) ∈ 𝑧), which asserts the existence of a universal choice function but requires second-order quantification on (proper) class variable 𝐹 and thus cannot be expressed in our first-order formalization. However, it has been shown that ZF plus strong choice is a conservative extension of ZF plus weak choice. See Ulrich Felgner, "Comparison of the axioms of local and universal choice," Fundamenta Mathematica, 71, 43-62 (1971). Weak choice can be strengthened in a different direction to choose from a collection of proper classes; see ac6s5 9351. (Contributed by NM, 21-Jul-1996.)
Assertion
Ref Expression
ac4 𝑓𝑧𝑥 (𝑧 ≠ ∅ → (𝑓𝑧) ∈ 𝑧)
Distinct variable group:   𝑥,𝑧,𝑓

Proof of Theorem ac4
StepHypRef Expression
1 dfac3 8982 . 2 (CHOICE ↔ ∀𝑥𝑓𝑧𝑥 (𝑧 ≠ ∅ → (𝑓𝑧) ∈ 𝑧))
21axaci 9328 1 𝑓𝑧𝑥 (𝑧 ≠ ∅ → (𝑓𝑧) ∈ 𝑧)
 Colors of variables: wff setvar class Syntax hints:   → wi 4  ∃wex 1744   ∈ wcel 2030   ≠ wne 2823  ∀wral 2941  ∅c0 3948  ‘cfv 5926 This theorem was proved from axioms:  ax-mp 5  ax-1 6  ax-2 7  ax-3 8  ax-gen 1762  ax-4 1777  ax-5 1879  ax-6 1945  ax-7 1981  ax-8 2032  ax-9 2039  ax-10 2059  ax-11 2074  ax-12 2087  ax-13 2282  ax-ext 2631  ax-rep 4804  ax-sep 4814  ax-nul 4822  ax-pow 4873  ax-pr 4936  ax-un 6991  ax-ac2 9323 This theorem depends on definitions:  df-bi 197  df-or 384  df-an 385  df-3an 1056  df-tru 1526  df-ex 1745  df-nf 1750  df-sb 1938  df-eu 2502  df-mo 2503  df-clab 2638  df-cleq 2644  df-clel 2647  df-nfc 2782  df-ne 2824  df-ral 2946  df-rex 2947  df-reu 2948  df-rab 2950  df-v 3233  df-sbc 3469  df-csb 3567  df-dif 3610  df-un 3612  df-in 3614  df-ss 3621  df-nul 3949  df-if 4120  df-pw 4193  df-sn 4211  df-pr 4213  df-op 4217  df-uni 4469  df-iun 4554  df-br 4686  df-opab 4746  df-mpt 4763  df-id 5053  df-xp 5149  df-rel 5150  df-cnv 5151  df-co 5152  df-dm 5153  df-rn 5154  df-res 5155  df-ima 5156  df-iota 5889  df-fun 5928  df-fn 5929  df-f 5930  df-f1 5931  df-fo 5932  df-f1o 5933  df-fv 5934  df-ac 8977 This theorem is referenced by:  ac4c  9336
 Copyright terms: Public domain W3C validator