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Theorem alephval3 8878
Description: An alternate way to express the value of the aleph function: it is the least infinite cardinal different from all values at smaller arguments. Definition of aleph in [Enderton] p. 212 and definition of aleph in [BellMachover] p. 490 . (Contributed by NM, 16-Nov-2003.)
Assertion
Ref Expression
alephval3 (𝐴 ∈ On → (ℵ‘𝐴) = {𝑥 ∣ ((card‘𝑥) = 𝑥 ∧ ω ⊆ 𝑥 ∧ ∀𝑦𝐴 ¬ 𝑥 = (ℵ‘𝑦))})
Distinct variable group:   𝑥,𝑦,𝐴

Proof of Theorem alephval3
Dummy variable 𝑧 is distinct from all other variables.
StepHypRef Expression
1 alephcard 8838 . . . 4 (card‘(ℵ‘𝐴)) = (ℵ‘𝐴)
21a1i 11 . . 3 (𝐴 ∈ On → (card‘(ℵ‘𝐴)) = (ℵ‘𝐴))
3 alephgeom 8850 . . . 4 (𝐴 ∈ On ↔ ω ⊆ (ℵ‘𝐴))
43biimpi 206 . . 3 (𝐴 ∈ On → ω ⊆ (ℵ‘𝐴))
5 alephord2i 8845 . . . . 5 (𝐴 ∈ On → (𝑦𝐴 → (ℵ‘𝑦) ∈ (ℵ‘𝐴)))
6 elirr 8450 . . . . . . 7 ¬ (ℵ‘𝑦) ∈ (ℵ‘𝑦)
7 eleq2 2693 . . . . . . 7 ((ℵ‘𝐴) = (ℵ‘𝑦) → ((ℵ‘𝑦) ∈ (ℵ‘𝐴) ↔ (ℵ‘𝑦) ∈ (ℵ‘𝑦)))
86, 7mtbiri 317 . . . . . 6 ((ℵ‘𝐴) = (ℵ‘𝑦) → ¬ (ℵ‘𝑦) ∈ (ℵ‘𝐴))
98con2i 134 . . . . 5 ((ℵ‘𝑦) ∈ (ℵ‘𝐴) → ¬ (ℵ‘𝐴) = (ℵ‘𝑦))
105, 9syl6 35 . . . 4 (𝐴 ∈ On → (𝑦𝐴 → ¬ (ℵ‘𝐴) = (ℵ‘𝑦)))
1110ralrimiv 2964 . . 3 (𝐴 ∈ On → ∀𝑦𝐴 ¬ (ℵ‘𝐴) = (ℵ‘𝑦))
12 fvex 6160 . . . 4 (ℵ‘𝐴) ∈ V
13 fveq2 6150 . . . . . 6 (𝑥 = (ℵ‘𝐴) → (card‘𝑥) = (card‘(ℵ‘𝐴)))
14 id 22 . . . . . 6 (𝑥 = (ℵ‘𝐴) → 𝑥 = (ℵ‘𝐴))
1513, 14eqeq12d 2641 . . . . 5 (𝑥 = (ℵ‘𝐴) → ((card‘𝑥) = 𝑥 ↔ (card‘(ℵ‘𝐴)) = (ℵ‘𝐴)))
16 sseq2 3611 . . . . 5 (𝑥 = (ℵ‘𝐴) → (ω ⊆ 𝑥 ↔ ω ⊆ (ℵ‘𝐴)))
17 eqeq1 2630 . . . . . . 7 (𝑥 = (ℵ‘𝐴) → (𝑥 = (ℵ‘𝑦) ↔ (ℵ‘𝐴) = (ℵ‘𝑦)))
1817notbid 308 . . . . . 6 (𝑥 = (ℵ‘𝐴) → (¬ 𝑥 = (ℵ‘𝑦) ↔ ¬ (ℵ‘𝐴) = (ℵ‘𝑦)))
1918ralbidv 2985 . . . . 5 (𝑥 = (ℵ‘𝐴) → (∀𝑦𝐴 ¬ 𝑥 = (ℵ‘𝑦) ↔ ∀𝑦𝐴 ¬ (ℵ‘𝐴) = (ℵ‘𝑦)))
2015, 16, 193anbi123d 1396 . . . 4 (𝑥 = (ℵ‘𝐴) → (((card‘𝑥) = 𝑥 ∧ ω ⊆ 𝑥 ∧ ∀𝑦𝐴 ¬ 𝑥 = (ℵ‘𝑦)) ↔ ((card‘(ℵ‘𝐴)) = (ℵ‘𝐴) ∧ ω ⊆ (ℵ‘𝐴) ∧ ∀𝑦𝐴 ¬ (ℵ‘𝐴) = (ℵ‘𝑦))))
2112, 20elab 3338 . . 3 ((ℵ‘𝐴) ∈ {𝑥 ∣ ((card‘𝑥) = 𝑥 ∧ ω ⊆ 𝑥 ∧ ∀𝑦𝐴 ¬ 𝑥 = (ℵ‘𝑦))} ↔ ((card‘(ℵ‘𝐴)) = (ℵ‘𝐴) ∧ ω ⊆ (ℵ‘𝐴) ∧ ∀𝑦𝐴 ¬ (ℵ‘𝐴) = (ℵ‘𝑦)))
222, 4, 11, 21syl3anbrc 1244 . 2 (𝐴 ∈ On → (ℵ‘𝐴) ∈ {𝑥 ∣ ((card‘𝑥) = 𝑥 ∧ ω ⊆ 𝑥 ∧ ∀𝑦𝐴 ¬ 𝑥 = (ℵ‘𝑦))})
23 cardalephex 8858 . . . . . . . . . 10 (ω ⊆ 𝑧 → ((card‘𝑧) = 𝑧 ↔ ∃𝑦 ∈ On 𝑧 = (ℵ‘𝑦)))
2423biimpac 503 . . . . . . . . 9 (((card‘𝑧) = 𝑧 ∧ ω ⊆ 𝑧) → ∃𝑦 ∈ On 𝑧 = (ℵ‘𝑦))
25 eleq1 2692 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16 (𝑧 = (ℵ‘𝑦) → (𝑧 ∈ (ℵ‘𝐴) ↔ (ℵ‘𝑦) ∈ (ℵ‘𝐴)))
26 alephord2 8844 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 ((𝑦 ∈ On ∧ 𝐴 ∈ On) → (𝑦𝐴 ↔ (ℵ‘𝑦) ∈ (ℵ‘𝐴)))
2726bicomd 213 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16 ((𝑦 ∈ On ∧ 𝐴 ∈ On) → ((ℵ‘𝑦) ∈ (ℵ‘𝐴) ↔ 𝑦𝐴))
2825, 27sylan9bbr 736 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 (((𝑦 ∈ On ∧ 𝐴 ∈ On) ∧ 𝑧 = (ℵ‘𝑦)) → (𝑧 ∈ (ℵ‘𝐴) ↔ 𝑦𝐴))
2928biimpcd 239 . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 (𝑧 ∈ (ℵ‘𝐴) → (((𝑦 ∈ On ∧ 𝐴 ∈ On) ∧ 𝑧 = (ℵ‘𝑦)) → 𝑦𝐴))
30 simpr 477 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 (((𝑦 ∈ On ∧ 𝐴 ∈ On) ∧ 𝑧 = (ℵ‘𝑦)) → 𝑧 = (ℵ‘𝑦))
3130a1i 11 . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 (𝑧 ∈ (ℵ‘𝐴) → (((𝑦 ∈ On ∧ 𝐴 ∈ On) ∧ 𝑧 = (ℵ‘𝑦)) → 𝑧 = (ℵ‘𝑦)))
3229, 31jcad 555 . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 (𝑧 ∈ (ℵ‘𝐴) → (((𝑦 ∈ On ∧ 𝐴 ∈ On) ∧ 𝑧 = (ℵ‘𝑦)) → (𝑦𝐴𝑧 = (ℵ‘𝑦))))
3332exp4c 635 . . . . . . . . . . . 12 (𝑧 ∈ (ℵ‘𝐴) → (𝑦 ∈ On → (𝐴 ∈ On → (𝑧 = (ℵ‘𝑦) → (𝑦𝐴𝑧 = (ℵ‘𝑦))))))
3433com3r 87 . . . . . . . . . . 11 (𝐴 ∈ On → (𝑧 ∈ (ℵ‘𝐴) → (𝑦 ∈ On → (𝑧 = (ℵ‘𝑦) → (𝑦𝐴𝑧 = (ℵ‘𝑦))))))
3534imp4b 612 . . . . . . . . . 10 ((𝐴 ∈ On ∧ 𝑧 ∈ (ℵ‘𝐴)) → ((𝑦 ∈ On ∧ 𝑧 = (ℵ‘𝑦)) → (𝑦𝐴𝑧 = (ℵ‘𝑦))))
3635reximdv2 3013 . . . . . . . . 9 ((𝐴 ∈ On ∧ 𝑧 ∈ (ℵ‘𝐴)) → (∃𝑦 ∈ On 𝑧 = (ℵ‘𝑦) → ∃𝑦𝐴 𝑧 = (ℵ‘𝑦)))
3724, 36syl5 34 . . . . . . . 8 ((𝐴 ∈ On ∧ 𝑧 ∈ (ℵ‘𝐴)) → (((card‘𝑧) = 𝑧 ∧ ω ⊆ 𝑧) → ∃𝑦𝐴 𝑧 = (ℵ‘𝑦)))
3837imp 445 . . . . . . 7 (((𝐴 ∈ On ∧ 𝑧 ∈ (ℵ‘𝐴)) ∧ ((card‘𝑧) = 𝑧 ∧ ω ⊆ 𝑧)) → ∃𝑦𝐴 𝑧 = (ℵ‘𝑦))
39 dfrex2 2995 . . . . . . 7 (∃𝑦𝐴 𝑧 = (ℵ‘𝑦) ↔ ¬ ∀𝑦𝐴 ¬ 𝑧 = (ℵ‘𝑦))
4038, 39sylib 208 . . . . . 6 (((𝐴 ∈ On ∧ 𝑧 ∈ (ℵ‘𝐴)) ∧ ((card‘𝑧) = 𝑧 ∧ ω ⊆ 𝑧)) → ¬ ∀𝑦𝐴 ¬ 𝑧 = (ℵ‘𝑦))
41 nan 603 . . . . . 6 (((𝐴 ∈ On ∧ 𝑧 ∈ (ℵ‘𝐴)) → ¬ (((card‘𝑧) = 𝑧 ∧ ω ⊆ 𝑧) ∧ ∀𝑦𝐴 ¬ 𝑧 = (ℵ‘𝑦))) ↔ (((𝐴 ∈ On ∧ 𝑧 ∈ (ℵ‘𝐴)) ∧ ((card‘𝑧) = 𝑧 ∧ ω ⊆ 𝑧)) → ¬ ∀𝑦𝐴 ¬ 𝑧 = (ℵ‘𝑦)))
4240, 41mpbir 221 . . . . 5 ((𝐴 ∈ On ∧ 𝑧 ∈ (ℵ‘𝐴)) → ¬ (((card‘𝑧) = 𝑧 ∧ ω ⊆ 𝑧) ∧ ∀𝑦𝐴 ¬ 𝑧 = (ℵ‘𝑦)))
4342ex 450 . . . 4 (𝐴 ∈ On → (𝑧 ∈ (ℵ‘𝐴) → ¬ (((card‘𝑧) = 𝑧 ∧ ω ⊆ 𝑧) ∧ ∀𝑦𝐴 ¬ 𝑧 = (ℵ‘𝑦))))
44 vex 3194 . . . . . . 7 𝑧 ∈ V
45 fveq2 6150 . . . . . . . . 9 (𝑥 = 𝑧 → (card‘𝑥) = (card‘𝑧))
46 id 22 . . . . . . . . 9 (𝑥 = 𝑧𝑥 = 𝑧)
4745, 46eqeq12d 2641 . . . . . . . 8 (𝑥 = 𝑧 → ((card‘𝑥) = 𝑥 ↔ (card‘𝑧) = 𝑧))
48 sseq2 3611 . . . . . . . 8 (𝑥 = 𝑧 → (ω ⊆ 𝑥 ↔ ω ⊆ 𝑧))
49 eqeq1 2630 . . . . . . . . . 10 (𝑥 = 𝑧 → (𝑥 = (ℵ‘𝑦) ↔ 𝑧 = (ℵ‘𝑦)))
5049notbid 308 . . . . . . . . 9 (𝑥 = 𝑧 → (¬ 𝑥 = (ℵ‘𝑦) ↔ ¬ 𝑧 = (ℵ‘𝑦)))
5150ralbidv 2985 . . . . . . . 8 (𝑥 = 𝑧 → (∀𝑦𝐴 ¬ 𝑥 = (ℵ‘𝑦) ↔ ∀𝑦𝐴 ¬ 𝑧 = (ℵ‘𝑦)))
5247, 48, 513anbi123d 1396 . . . . . . 7 (𝑥 = 𝑧 → (((card‘𝑥) = 𝑥 ∧ ω ⊆ 𝑥 ∧ ∀𝑦𝐴 ¬ 𝑥 = (ℵ‘𝑦)) ↔ ((card‘𝑧) = 𝑧 ∧ ω ⊆ 𝑧 ∧ ∀𝑦𝐴 ¬ 𝑧 = (ℵ‘𝑦))))
5344, 52elab 3338 . . . . . 6 (𝑧 ∈ {𝑥 ∣ ((card‘𝑥) = 𝑥 ∧ ω ⊆ 𝑥 ∧ ∀𝑦𝐴 ¬ 𝑥 = (ℵ‘𝑦))} ↔ ((card‘𝑧) = 𝑧 ∧ ω ⊆ 𝑧 ∧ ∀𝑦𝐴 ¬ 𝑧 = (ℵ‘𝑦)))
54 df-3an 1038 . . . . . 6 (((card‘𝑧) = 𝑧 ∧ ω ⊆ 𝑧 ∧ ∀𝑦𝐴 ¬ 𝑧 = (ℵ‘𝑦)) ↔ (((card‘𝑧) = 𝑧 ∧ ω ⊆ 𝑧) ∧ ∀𝑦𝐴 ¬ 𝑧 = (ℵ‘𝑦)))
5553, 54bitri 264 . . . . 5 (𝑧 ∈ {𝑥 ∣ ((card‘𝑥) = 𝑥 ∧ ω ⊆ 𝑥 ∧ ∀𝑦𝐴 ¬ 𝑥 = (ℵ‘𝑦))} ↔ (((card‘𝑧) = 𝑧 ∧ ω ⊆ 𝑧) ∧ ∀𝑦𝐴 ¬ 𝑧 = (ℵ‘𝑦)))
5655notbii 310 . . . 4 𝑧 ∈ {𝑥 ∣ ((card‘𝑥) = 𝑥 ∧ ω ⊆ 𝑥 ∧ ∀𝑦𝐴 ¬ 𝑥 = (ℵ‘𝑦))} ↔ ¬ (((card‘𝑧) = 𝑧 ∧ ω ⊆ 𝑧) ∧ ∀𝑦𝐴 ¬ 𝑧 = (ℵ‘𝑦)))
5743, 56syl6ibr 242 . . 3 (𝐴 ∈ On → (𝑧 ∈ (ℵ‘𝐴) → ¬ 𝑧 ∈ {𝑥 ∣ ((card‘𝑥) = 𝑥 ∧ ω ⊆ 𝑥 ∧ ∀𝑦𝐴 ¬ 𝑥 = (ℵ‘𝑦))}))
5857ralrimiv 2964 . 2 (𝐴 ∈ On → ∀𝑧 ∈ (ℵ‘𝐴) ¬ 𝑧 ∈ {𝑥 ∣ ((card‘𝑥) = 𝑥 ∧ ω ⊆ 𝑥 ∧ ∀𝑦𝐴 ¬ 𝑥 = (ℵ‘𝑦))})
59 cardon 8715 . . . . . 6 (card‘𝑥) ∈ On
60 eleq1 2692 . . . . . 6 ((card‘𝑥) = 𝑥 → ((card‘𝑥) ∈ On ↔ 𝑥 ∈ On))
6159, 60mpbii 223 . . . . 5 ((card‘𝑥) = 𝑥𝑥 ∈ On)
62613ad2ant1 1080 . . . 4 (((card‘𝑥) = 𝑥 ∧ ω ⊆ 𝑥 ∧ ∀𝑦𝐴 ¬ 𝑥 = (ℵ‘𝑦)) → 𝑥 ∈ On)
6362abssi 3661 . . 3 {𝑥 ∣ ((card‘𝑥) = 𝑥 ∧ ω ⊆ 𝑥 ∧ ∀𝑦𝐴 ¬ 𝑥 = (ℵ‘𝑦))} ⊆ On
64 oneqmini 5738 . . 3 ({𝑥 ∣ ((card‘𝑥) = 𝑥 ∧ ω ⊆ 𝑥 ∧ ∀𝑦𝐴 ¬ 𝑥 = (ℵ‘𝑦))} ⊆ On → (((ℵ‘𝐴) ∈ {𝑥 ∣ ((card‘𝑥) = 𝑥 ∧ ω ⊆ 𝑥 ∧ ∀𝑦𝐴 ¬ 𝑥 = (ℵ‘𝑦))} ∧ ∀𝑧 ∈ (ℵ‘𝐴) ¬ 𝑧 ∈ {𝑥 ∣ ((card‘𝑥) = 𝑥 ∧ ω ⊆ 𝑥 ∧ ∀𝑦𝐴 ¬ 𝑥 = (ℵ‘𝑦))}) → (ℵ‘𝐴) = {𝑥 ∣ ((card‘𝑥) = 𝑥 ∧ ω ⊆ 𝑥 ∧ ∀𝑦𝐴 ¬ 𝑥 = (ℵ‘𝑦))}))
6563, 64ax-mp 5 . 2 (((ℵ‘𝐴) ∈ {𝑥 ∣ ((card‘𝑥) = 𝑥 ∧ ω ⊆ 𝑥 ∧ ∀𝑦𝐴 ¬ 𝑥 = (ℵ‘𝑦))} ∧ ∀𝑧 ∈ (ℵ‘𝐴) ¬ 𝑧 ∈ {𝑥 ∣ ((card‘𝑥) = 𝑥 ∧ ω ⊆ 𝑥 ∧ ∀𝑦𝐴 ¬ 𝑥 = (ℵ‘𝑦))}) → (ℵ‘𝐴) = {𝑥 ∣ ((card‘𝑥) = 𝑥 ∧ ω ⊆ 𝑥 ∧ ∀𝑦𝐴 ¬ 𝑥 = (ℵ‘𝑦))})
6622, 58, 65syl2anc 692 1 (𝐴 ∈ On → (ℵ‘𝐴) = {𝑥 ∣ ((card‘𝑥) = 𝑥 ∧ ω ⊆ 𝑥 ∧ ∀𝑦𝐴 ¬ 𝑥 = (ℵ‘𝑦))})
Colors of variables: wff setvar class
Syntax hints:  ¬ wn 3  wi 4  wa 384  w3a 1036   = wceq 1480  wcel 1992  {cab 2612  wral 2912  wrex 2913  wss 3560   cint 4445  Oncon0 5685  cfv 5850  ωcom 7013  cardccrd 8706  cale 8707
This theorem was proved from axioms:  ax-mp 5  ax-1 6  ax-2 7  ax-3 8  ax-gen 1719  ax-4 1734  ax-5 1841  ax-6 1890  ax-7 1937  ax-8 1994  ax-9 2001  ax-10 2021  ax-11 2036  ax-12 2049  ax-13 2250  ax-ext 2606  ax-rep 4736  ax-sep 4746  ax-nul 4754  ax-pow 4808  ax-pr 4872  ax-un 6903  ax-reg 8442  ax-inf2 8483
This theorem depends on definitions:  df-bi 197  df-or 385  df-an 386  df-3or 1037  df-3an 1038  df-tru 1483  df-ex 1702  df-nf 1707  df-sb 1883  df-eu 2478  df-mo 2479  df-clab 2613  df-cleq 2619  df-clel 2622  df-nfc 2756  df-ne 2797  df-ral 2917  df-rex 2918  df-reu 2919  df-rmo 2920  df-rab 2921  df-v 3193  df-sbc 3423  df-csb 3520  df-dif 3563  df-un 3565  df-in 3567  df-ss 3574  df-pss 3576  df-nul 3897  df-if 4064  df-pw 4137  df-sn 4154  df-pr 4156  df-tp 4158  df-op 4160  df-uni 4408  df-int 4446  df-iun 4492  df-br 4619  df-opab 4679  df-mpt 4680  df-tr 4718  df-eprel 4990  df-id 4994  df-po 5000  df-so 5001  df-fr 5038  df-se 5039  df-we 5040  df-xp 5085  df-rel 5086  df-cnv 5087  df-co 5088  df-dm 5089  df-rn 5090  df-res 5091  df-ima 5092  df-pred 5642  df-ord 5688  df-on 5689  df-lim 5690  df-suc 5691  df-iota 5813  df-fun 5852  df-fn 5853  df-f 5854  df-f1 5855  df-fo 5856  df-f1o 5857  df-fv 5858  df-isom 5859  df-riota 6566  df-om 7014  df-wrecs 7353  df-recs 7414  df-rdg 7452  df-er 7688  df-en 7901  df-dom 7902  df-sdom 7903  df-fin 7904  df-oi 8360  df-har 8408  df-card 8710  df-aleph 8711
This theorem is referenced by: (None)
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