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Theorem av-numclwwlkqhash 41529
Description: In a 𝐾-regular graph, the size of the set of walks of length 𝑛 starting with a fixed vertex 𝑣 and ending not at this vertex is the difference between 𝐾 to the power of 𝑛 and the size of the set of closed walks of length 𝑛 starting and ending at this vertex 𝑣. (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 30-Sep-2018.) (Revised by AV, 30-May-2021.)
Hypotheses
Ref Expression
av-numclwwlk.v 𝑉 = (Vtx‘𝐺)
av-numclwwlk.q 𝑄 = (𝑣𝑉, 𝑛 ∈ ℕ ↦ {𝑤 ∈ (𝑛 WWalkSN 𝐺) ∣ ((𝑤‘0) = 𝑣 ∧ ( lastS ‘𝑤) ≠ 𝑣)})
av-numclwwlk.f 𝐹 = (𝑣𝑉, 𝑛 ∈ ℕ ↦ {𝑤 ∈ (𝑛 ClWWalkSN 𝐺) ∣ (𝑤‘0) = 𝑣})
Assertion
Ref Expression
av-numclwwlkqhash (((𝐺 RegUSGraph 𝐾𝑉 ∈ Fin) ∧ (𝑋𝑉𝑁 ∈ ℕ)) → (#‘(𝑋𝑄𝑁)) = ((𝐾𝑁) − (#‘(𝑋𝐹𝑁))))
Distinct variable groups:   𝑛,𝐺,𝑣,𝑤   𝑛,𝑁,𝑣,𝑤   𝑛,𝑉,𝑣   𝑛,𝑋,𝑣,𝑤   𝑤,𝐾   𝑤,𝑉
Allowed substitution hints:   𝑄(𝑤,𝑣,𝑛)   𝐹(𝑤,𝑣,𝑛)   𝐾(𝑣,𝑛)

Proof of Theorem av-numclwwlkqhash
Dummy variable 𝑓 is distinct from all other variables.
StepHypRef Expression
1 av-numclwwlk.v . . . . 5 𝑉 = (Vtx‘𝐺)
2 av-numclwwlk.q . . . . 5 𝑄 = (𝑣𝑉, 𝑛 ∈ ℕ ↦ {𝑤 ∈ (𝑛 WWalkSN 𝐺) ∣ ((𝑤‘0) = 𝑣 ∧ ( lastS ‘𝑤) ≠ 𝑣)})
31, 2av-numclwwlkovq 41528 . . . 4 ((𝑋𝑉𝑁 ∈ ℕ) → (𝑋𝑄𝑁) = {𝑤 ∈ (𝑁 WWalkSN 𝐺) ∣ ((𝑤‘0) = 𝑋 ∧ ( lastS ‘𝑤) ≠ 𝑋)})
43adantl 480 . . 3 (((𝐺 RegUSGraph 𝐾𝑉 ∈ Fin) ∧ (𝑋𝑉𝑁 ∈ ℕ)) → (𝑋𝑄𝑁) = {𝑤 ∈ (𝑁 WWalkSN 𝐺) ∣ ((𝑤‘0) = 𝑋 ∧ ( lastS ‘𝑤) ≠ 𝑋)})
54fveq2d 6089 . 2 (((𝐺 RegUSGraph 𝐾𝑉 ∈ Fin) ∧ (𝑋𝑉𝑁 ∈ ℕ)) → (#‘(𝑋𝑄𝑁)) = (#‘{𝑤 ∈ (𝑁 WWalkSN 𝐺) ∣ ((𝑤‘0) = 𝑋 ∧ ( lastS ‘𝑤) ≠ 𝑋)}))
6 eqid 2606 . . 3 {𝑤 ∈ (𝑁 WWalkSN 𝐺) ∣ ((𝑤‘0) = 𝑋 ∧ ( lastS ‘𝑤) ≠ 𝑋)} = {𝑤 ∈ (𝑁 WWalkSN 𝐺) ∣ ((𝑤‘0) = 𝑋 ∧ ( lastS ‘𝑤) ≠ 𝑋)}
7 eqid 2606 . . 3 {𝑤 ∈ (𝑁 WWalkSN 𝐺) ∣ (( lastS ‘𝑤) = (𝑤‘0) ∧ (𝑤‘0) = 𝑋)} = {𝑤 ∈ (𝑁 WWalkSN 𝐺) ∣ (( lastS ‘𝑤) = (𝑤‘0) ∧ (𝑤‘0) = 𝑋)}
86, 7, 1clwwlknclwwlkdifnum 41181 . 2 (((𝐺 RegUSGraph 𝐾𝑉 ∈ Fin) ∧ (𝑋𝑉𝑁 ∈ ℕ)) → (#‘{𝑤 ∈ (𝑁 WWalkSN 𝐺) ∣ ((𝑤‘0) = 𝑋 ∧ ( lastS ‘𝑤) ≠ 𝑋)}) = ((𝐾𝑁) − (#‘{𝑤 ∈ (𝑁 WWalkSN 𝐺) ∣ (( lastS ‘𝑤) = (𝑤‘0) ∧ (𝑤‘0) = 𝑋)})))
9 ovex 6552 . . . . . 6 (𝑁 WWalkSN 𝐺) ∈ V
109rabex 4732 . . . . 5 {𝑤 ∈ (𝑁 WWalkSN 𝐺) ∣ (( lastS ‘𝑤) = (𝑤‘0) ∧ (𝑤‘0) = 𝑋)} ∈ V
11 clwwlksvbij 41228 . . . . . 6 (𝑁 ∈ ℕ → ∃𝑓 𝑓:{𝑤 ∈ (𝑁 WWalkSN 𝐺) ∣ (( lastS ‘𝑤) = (𝑤‘0) ∧ (𝑤‘0) = 𝑋)}–1-1-onto→{𝑤 ∈ (𝑁 ClWWalkSN 𝐺) ∣ (𝑤‘0) = 𝑋})
1211ad2antll 760 . . . . 5 (((𝐺 RegUSGraph 𝐾𝑉 ∈ Fin) ∧ (𝑋𝑉𝑁 ∈ ℕ)) → ∃𝑓 𝑓:{𝑤 ∈ (𝑁 WWalkSN 𝐺) ∣ (( lastS ‘𝑤) = (𝑤‘0) ∧ (𝑤‘0) = 𝑋)}–1-1-onto→{𝑤 ∈ (𝑁 ClWWalkSN 𝐺) ∣ (𝑤‘0) = 𝑋})
13 hasheqf1oi 12951 . . . . 5 ({𝑤 ∈ (𝑁 WWalkSN 𝐺) ∣ (( lastS ‘𝑤) = (𝑤‘0) ∧ (𝑤‘0) = 𝑋)} ∈ V → (∃𝑓 𝑓:{𝑤 ∈ (𝑁 WWalkSN 𝐺) ∣ (( lastS ‘𝑤) = (𝑤‘0) ∧ (𝑤‘0) = 𝑋)}–1-1-onto→{𝑤 ∈ (𝑁 ClWWalkSN 𝐺) ∣ (𝑤‘0) = 𝑋} → (#‘{𝑤 ∈ (𝑁 WWalkSN 𝐺) ∣ (( lastS ‘𝑤) = (𝑤‘0) ∧ (𝑤‘0) = 𝑋)}) = (#‘{𝑤 ∈ (𝑁 ClWWalkSN 𝐺) ∣ (𝑤‘0) = 𝑋})))
1410, 12, 13mpsyl 65 . . . 4 (((𝐺 RegUSGraph 𝐾𝑉 ∈ Fin) ∧ (𝑋𝑉𝑁 ∈ ℕ)) → (#‘{𝑤 ∈ (𝑁 WWalkSN 𝐺) ∣ (( lastS ‘𝑤) = (𝑤‘0) ∧ (𝑤‘0) = 𝑋)}) = (#‘{𝑤 ∈ (𝑁 ClWWalkSN 𝐺) ∣ (𝑤‘0) = 𝑋}))
15 av-numclwwlk.f . . . . . . . 8 𝐹 = (𝑣𝑉, 𝑛 ∈ ℕ ↦ {𝑤 ∈ (𝑛 ClWWalkSN 𝐺) ∣ (𝑤‘0) = 𝑣})
1615av-numclwwlkovf 41510 . . . . . . 7 ((𝑋𝑉𝑁 ∈ ℕ) → (𝑋𝐹𝑁) = {𝑤 ∈ (𝑁 ClWWalkSN 𝐺) ∣ (𝑤‘0) = 𝑋})
1716adantl 480 . . . . . 6 (((𝐺 RegUSGraph 𝐾𝑉 ∈ Fin) ∧ (𝑋𝑉𝑁 ∈ ℕ)) → (𝑋𝐹𝑁) = {𝑤 ∈ (𝑁 ClWWalkSN 𝐺) ∣ (𝑤‘0) = 𝑋})
1817eqcomd 2612 . . . . 5 (((𝐺 RegUSGraph 𝐾𝑉 ∈ Fin) ∧ (𝑋𝑉𝑁 ∈ ℕ)) → {𝑤 ∈ (𝑁 ClWWalkSN 𝐺) ∣ (𝑤‘0) = 𝑋} = (𝑋𝐹𝑁))
1918fveq2d 6089 . . . 4 (((𝐺 RegUSGraph 𝐾𝑉 ∈ Fin) ∧ (𝑋𝑉𝑁 ∈ ℕ)) → (#‘{𝑤 ∈ (𝑁 ClWWalkSN 𝐺) ∣ (𝑤‘0) = 𝑋}) = (#‘(𝑋𝐹𝑁)))
2014, 19eqtrd 2640 . . 3 (((𝐺 RegUSGraph 𝐾𝑉 ∈ Fin) ∧ (𝑋𝑉𝑁 ∈ ℕ)) → (#‘{𝑤 ∈ (𝑁 WWalkSN 𝐺) ∣ (( lastS ‘𝑤) = (𝑤‘0) ∧ (𝑤‘0) = 𝑋)}) = (#‘(𝑋𝐹𝑁)))
2120oveq2d 6540 . 2 (((𝐺 RegUSGraph 𝐾𝑉 ∈ Fin) ∧ (𝑋𝑉𝑁 ∈ ℕ)) → ((𝐾𝑁) − (#‘{𝑤 ∈ (𝑁 WWalkSN 𝐺) ∣ (( lastS ‘𝑤) = (𝑤‘0) ∧ (𝑤‘0) = 𝑋)})) = ((𝐾𝑁) − (#‘(𝑋𝐹𝑁))))
225, 8, 213eqtrd 2644 1 (((𝐺 RegUSGraph 𝐾𝑉 ∈ Fin) ∧ (𝑋𝑉𝑁 ∈ ℕ)) → (#‘(𝑋𝑄𝑁)) = ((𝐾𝑁) − (#‘(𝑋𝐹𝑁))))
Colors of variables: wff setvar class
Syntax hints:  wi 4  wa 382   = wceq 1474  wex 1694  wcel 1976  wne 2776  {crab 2896  Vcvv 3169   class class class wbr 4574  1-1-ontowf1o 5786  cfv 5787  (class class class)co 6524  cmpt2 6526  Fincfn 7815  0cc0 9789  cmin 10114  cn 10864  cexp 12674  #chash 12931   lastS clsw 13090  Vtxcvtx 40228   RegUSGraph crusgr 40755   WWalkSN cwwlksn 41028   ClWWalkSN cclwwlksn 41183
This theorem was proved from axioms:  ax-mp 5  ax-1 6  ax-2 7  ax-3 8  ax-gen 1712  ax-4 1727  ax-5 1826  ax-6 1874  ax-7 1921  ax-8 1978  ax-9 1985  ax-10 2005  ax-11 2020  ax-12 2032  ax-13 2229  ax-ext 2586  ax-rep 4690  ax-sep 4700  ax-nul 4709  ax-pow 4761  ax-pr 4825  ax-un 6821  ax-inf2 8395  ax-cnex 9845  ax-resscn 9846  ax-1cn 9847  ax-icn 9848  ax-addcl 9849  ax-addrcl 9850  ax-mulcl 9851  ax-mulrcl 9852  ax-mulcom 9853  ax-addass 9854  ax-mulass 9855  ax-distr 9856  ax-i2m1 9857  ax-1ne0 9858  ax-1rid 9859  ax-rnegex 9860  ax-rrecex 9861  ax-cnre 9862  ax-pre-lttri 9863  ax-pre-lttrn 9864  ax-pre-ltadd 9865  ax-pre-mulgt0 9866  ax-pre-sup 9867
This theorem depends on definitions:  df-bi 195  df-or 383  df-an 384  df-3or 1031  df-3an 1032  df-tru 1477  df-fal 1480  df-ex 1695  df-nf 1700  df-sb 1867  df-eu 2458  df-mo 2459  df-clab 2593  df-cleq 2599  df-clel 2602  df-nfc 2736  df-ne 2778  df-nel 2779  df-ral 2897  df-rex 2898  df-reu 2899  df-rmo 2900  df-rab 2901  df-v 3171  df-sbc 3399  df-csb 3496  df-dif 3539  df-un 3541  df-in 3543  df-ss 3550  df-pss 3552  df-nul 3871  df-if 4033  df-pw 4106  df-sn 4122  df-pr 4124  df-tp 4126  df-op 4128  df-uni 4364  df-int 4402  df-iun 4448  df-disj 4545  df-br 4575  df-opab 4635  df-mpt 4636  df-tr 4672  df-eprel 4936  df-id 4940  df-po 4946  df-so 4947  df-fr 4984  df-se 4985  df-we 4986  df-xp 5031  df-rel 5032  df-cnv 5033  df-co 5034  df-dm 5035  df-rn 5036  df-res 5037  df-ima 5038  df-pred 5580  df-ord 5626  df-on 5627  df-lim 5628  df-suc 5629  df-iota 5751  df-fun 5789  df-fn 5790  df-f 5791  df-f1 5792  df-fo 5793  df-f1o 5794  df-fv 5795  df-isom 5796  df-riota 6486  df-ov 6527  df-oprab 6528  df-mpt2 6529  df-om 6932  df-1st 7033  df-2nd 7034  df-wrecs 7268  df-recs 7329  df-rdg 7367  df-1o 7421  df-2o 7422  df-oadd 7425  df-er 7603  df-map 7720  df-pm 7721  df-en 7816  df-dom 7817  df-sdom 7818  df-fin 7819  df-sup 8205  df-oi 8272  df-card 8622  df-cda 8847  df-pnf 9929  df-mnf 9930  df-xr 9931  df-ltxr 9932  df-le 9933  df-sub 10116  df-neg 10117  df-div 10531  df-nn 10865  df-2 10923  df-3 10924  df-n0 11137  df-z 11208  df-uz 11517  df-rp 11662  df-xadd 11776  df-fz 12150  df-fzo 12287  df-seq 12616  df-exp 12675  df-hash 12932  df-word 13097  df-lsw 13098  df-concat 13099  df-s1 13100  df-substr 13101  df-cj 13630  df-re 13631  df-im 13632  df-sqrt 13766  df-abs 13767  df-clim 14010  df-sum 14208  df-xnn0 40197  df-vtx 40230  df-iedg 40231  df-uhgr 40279  df-ushgr 40280  df-upgr 40307  df-umgr 40308  df-edga 40351  df-uspgr 40379  df-usgr 40380  df-fusgr 40535  df-nbgr 40553  df-vtxdg 40681  df-rgr 40756  df-rusgr 40757  df-wwlks 41032  df-wwlksn 41033  df-clwwlks 41184  df-clwwlksn 41185
This theorem is referenced by:  av-numclwwlk2  41536
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