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Theorem coe1termlem 24059
Description: The coefficient function of a monomial. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 26-Jul-2014.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 23-Aug-2014.)
Hypothesis
Ref Expression
coe1term.1 𝐹 = (𝑧 ∈ ℂ ↦ (𝐴 · (𝑧𝑁)))
Assertion
Ref Expression
coe1termlem ((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℕ0) → ((coeff‘𝐹) = (𝑛 ∈ ℕ0 ↦ if(𝑛 = 𝑁, 𝐴, 0)) ∧ (𝐴 ≠ 0 → (deg‘𝐹) = 𝑁)))
Distinct variable groups:   𝑧,𝑛,𝐴   𝑛,𝑁,𝑧
Allowed substitution hints:   𝐹(𝑧,𝑛)

Proof of Theorem coe1termlem
Dummy variable 𝑘 is distinct from all other variables.
StepHypRef Expression
1 ssid 3657 . . . 4 ℂ ⊆ ℂ
2 coe1term.1 . . . . 5 𝐹 = (𝑧 ∈ ℂ ↦ (𝐴 · (𝑧𝑁)))
32ply1term 24005 . . . 4 ((ℂ ⊆ ℂ ∧ 𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℕ0) → 𝐹 ∈ (Poly‘ℂ))
41, 3mp3an1 1451 . . 3 ((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℕ0) → 𝐹 ∈ (Poly‘ℂ))
5 simpr 476 . . 3 ((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℕ0) → 𝑁 ∈ ℕ0)
6 simpl 472 . . . . . 6 ((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℕ0) → 𝐴 ∈ ℂ)
7 0cn 10070 . . . . . 6 0 ∈ ℂ
8 ifcl 4163 . . . . . 6 ((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 0 ∈ ℂ) → if(𝑛 = 𝑁, 𝐴, 0) ∈ ℂ)
96, 7, 8sylancl 695 . . . . 5 ((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℕ0) → if(𝑛 = 𝑁, 𝐴, 0) ∈ ℂ)
109adantr 480 . . . 4 (((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℕ0) ∧ 𝑛 ∈ ℕ0) → if(𝑛 = 𝑁, 𝐴, 0) ∈ ℂ)
11 eqid 2651 . . . 4 (𝑛 ∈ ℕ0 ↦ if(𝑛 = 𝑁, 𝐴, 0)) = (𝑛 ∈ ℕ0 ↦ if(𝑛 = 𝑁, 𝐴, 0))
1210, 11fmptd 6425 . . 3 ((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℕ0) → (𝑛 ∈ ℕ0 ↦ if(𝑛 = 𝑁, 𝐴, 0)):ℕ0⟶ℂ)
13 simpr 476 . . . . . . . 8 (((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℕ0) ∧ 𝑘 ∈ ℕ0) → 𝑘 ∈ ℕ0)
14 ifcl 4163 . . . . . . . . . 10 ((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 0 ∈ ℂ) → if(𝑘 = 𝑁, 𝐴, 0) ∈ ℂ)
156, 7, 14sylancl 695 . . . . . . . . 9 ((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℕ0) → if(𝑘 = 𝑁, 𝐴, 0) ∈ ℂ)
1615adantr 480 . . . . . . . 8 (((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℕ0) ∧ 𝑘 ∈ ℕ0) → if(𝑘 = 𝑁, 𝐴, 0) ∈ ℂ)
17 eqeq1 2655 . . . . . . . . . 10 (𝑛 = 𝑘 → (𝑛 = 𝑁𝑘 = 𝑁))
1817ifbid 4141 . . . . . . . . 9 (𝑛 = 𝑘 → if(𝑛 = 𝑁, 𝐴, 0) = if(𝑘 = 𝑁, 𝐴, 0))
1918, 11fvmptg 6319 . . . . . . . 8 ((𝑘 ∈ ℕ0 ∧ if(𝑘 = 𝑁, 𝐴, 0) ∈ ℂ) → ((𝑛 ∈ ℕ0 ↦ if(𝑛 = 𝑁, 𝐴, 0))‘𝑘) = if(𝑘 = 𝑁, 𝐴, 0))
2013, 16, 19syl2anc 694 . . . . . . 7 (((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℕ0) ∧ 𝑘 ∈ ℕ0) → ((𝑛 ∈ ℕ0 ↦ if(𝑛 = 𝑁, 𝐴, 0))‘𝑘) = if(𝑘 = 𝑁, 𝐴, 0))
2120neeq1d 2882 . . . . . 6 (((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℕ0) ∧ 𝑘 ∈ ℕ0) → (((𝑛 ∈ ℕ0 ↦ if(𝑛 = 𝑁, 𝐴, 0))‘𝑘) ≠ 0 ↔ if(𝑘 = 𝑁, 𝐴, 0) ≠ 0))
22 nn0re 11339 . . . . . . . . 9 (𝑁 ∈ ℕ0𝑁 ∈ ℝ)
2322leidd 10632 . . . . . . . 8 (𝑁 ∈ ℕ0𝑁𝑁)
2423ad2antlr 763 . . . . . . 7 (((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℕ0) ∧ 𝑘 ∈ ℕ0) → 𝑁𝑁)
25 iffalse 4128 . . . . . . . . 9 𝑘 = 𝑁 → if(𝑘 = 𝑁, 𝐴, 0) = 0)
2625necon1ai 2850 . . . . . . . 8 (if(𝑘 = 𝑁, 𝐴, 0) ≠ 0 → 𝑘 = 𝑁)
2726breq1d 4695 . . . . . . 7 (if(𝑘 = 𝑁, 𝐴, 0) ≠ 0 → (𝑘𝑁𝑁𝑁))
2824, 27syl5ibrcom 237 . . . . . 6 (((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℕ0) ∧ 𝑘 ∈ ℕ0) → (if(𝑘 = 𝑁, 𝐴, 0) ≠ 0 → 𝑘𝑁))
2921, 28sylbid 230 . . . . 5 (((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℕ0) ∧ 𝑘 ∈ ℕ0) → (((𝑛 ∈ ℕ0 ↦ if(𝑛 = 𝑁, 𝐴, 0))‘𝑘) ≠ 0 → 𝑘𝑁))
3029ralrimiva 2995 . . . 4 ((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℕ0) → ∀𝑘 ∈ ℕ0 (((𝑛 ∈ ℕ0 ↦ if(𝑛 = 𝑁, 𝐴, 0))‘𝑘) ≠ 0 → 𝑘𝑁))
31 plyco0 23993 . . . . 5 ((𝑁 ∈ ℕ0 ∧ (𝑛 ∈ ℕ0 ↦ if(𝑛 = 𝑁, 𝐴, 0)):ℕ0⟶ℂ) → (((𝑛 ∈ ℕ0 ↦ if(𝑛 = 𝑁, 𝐴, 0)) “ (ℤ‘(𝑁 + 1))) = {0} ↔ ∀𝑘 ∈ ℕ0 (((𝑛 ∈ ℕ0 ↦ if(𝑛 = 𝑁, 𝐴, 0))‘𝑘) ≠ 0 → 𝑘𝑁)))
325, 12, 31syl2anc 694 . . . 4 ((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℕ0) → (((𝑛 ∈ ℕ0 ↦ if(𝑛 = 𝑁, 𝐴, 0)) “ (ℤ‘(𝑁 + 1))) = {0} ↔ ∀𝑘 ∈ ℕ0 (((𝑛 ∈ ℕ0 ↦ if(𝑛 = 𝑁, 𝐴, 0))‘𝑘) ≠ 0 → 𝑘𝑁)))
3330, 32mpbird 247 . . 3 ((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℕ0) → ((𝑛 ∈ ℕ0 ↦ if(𝑛 = 𝑁, 𝐴, 0)) “ (ℤ‘(𝑁 + 1))) = {0})
342ply1termlem 24004 . . . 4 ((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℕ0) → 𝐹 = (𝑧 ∈ ℂ ↦ Σ𝑘 ∈ (0...𝑁)(if(𝑘 = 𝑁, 𝐴, 0) · (𝑧𝑘))))
35 elfznn0 12471 . . . . . . 7 (𝑘 ∈ (0...𝑁) → 𝑘 ∈ ℕ0)
3620oveq1d 6705 . . . . . . 7 (((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℕ0) ∧ 𝑘 ∈ ℕ0) → (((𝑛 ∈ ℕ0 ↦ if(𝑛 = 𝑁, 𝐴, 0))‘𝑘) · (𝑧𝑘)) = (if(𝑘 = 𝑁, 𝐴, 0) · (𝑧𝑘)))
3735, 36sylan2 490 . . . . . 6 (((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℕ0) ∧ 𝑘 ∈ (0...𝑁)) → (((𝑛 ∈ ℕ0 ↦ if(𝑛 = 𝑁, 𝐴, 0))‘𝑘) · (𝑧𝑘)) = (if(𝑘 = 𝑁, 𝐴, 0) · (𝑧𝑘)))
3837sumeq2dv 14477 . . . . 5 ((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℕ0) → Σ𝑘 ∈ (0...𝑁)(((𝑛 ∈ ℕ0 ↦ if(𝑛 = 𝑁, 𝐴, 0))‘𝑘) · (𝑧𝑘)) = Σ𝑘 ∈ (0...𝑁)(if(𝑘 = 𝑁, 𝐴, 0) · (𝑧𝑘)))
3938mpteq2dv 4778 . . . 4 ((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℕ0) → (𝑧 ∈ ℂ ↦ Σ𝑘 ∈ (0...𝑁)(((𝑛 ∈ ℕ0 ↦ if(𝑛 = 𝑁, 𝐴, 0))‘𝑘) · (𝑧𝑘))) = (𝑧 ∈ ℂ ↦ Σ𝑘 ∈ (0...𝑁)(if(𝑘 = 𝑁, 𝐴, 0) · (𝑧𝑘))))
4034, 39eqtr4d 2688 . . 3 ((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℕ0) → 𝐹 = (𝑧 ∈ ℂ ↦ Σ𝑘 ∈ (0...𝑁)(((𝑛 ∈ ℕ0 ↦ if(𝑛 = 𝑁, 𝐴, 0))‘𝑘) · (𝑧𝑘))))
414, 5, 12, 33, 40coeeq 24028 . 2 ((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℕ0) → (coeff‘𝐹) = (𝑛 ∈ ℕ0 ↦ if(𝑛 = 𝑁, 𝐴, 0)))
424adantr 480 . . . 4 (((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℕ0) ∧ 𝐴 ≠ 0) → 𝐹 ∈ (Poly‘ℂ))
435adantr 480 . . . 4 (((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℕ0) ∧ 𝐴 ≠ 0) → 𝑁 ∈ ℕ0)
4412adantr 480 . . . 4 (((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℕ0) ∧ 𝐴 ≠ 0) → (𝑛 ∈ ℕ0 ↦ if(𝑛 = 𝑁, 𝐴, 0)):ℕ0⟶ℂ)
4533adantr 480 . . . 4 (((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℕ0) ∧ 𝐴 ≠ 0) → ((𝑛 ∈ ℕ0 ↦ if(𝑛 = 𝑁, 𝐴, 0)) “ (ℤ‘(𝑁 + 1))) = {0})
4640adantr 480 . . . 4 (((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℕ0) ∧ 𝐴 ≠ 0) → 𝐹 = (𝑧 ∈ ℂ ↦ Σ𝑘 ∈ (0...𝑁)(((𝑛 ∈ ℕ0 ↦ if(𝑛 = 𝑁, 𝐴, 0))‘𝑘) · (𝑧𝑘))))
47 iftrue 4125 . . . . . . . 8 (𝑛 = 𝑁 → if(𝑛 = 𝑁, 𝐴, 0) = 𝐴)
4847, 11fvmptg 6319 . . . . . . 7 ((𝑁 ∈ ℕ0𝐴 ∈ ℂ) → ((𝑛 ∈ ℕ0 ↦ if(𝑛 = 𝑁, 𝐴, 0))‘𝑁) = 𝐴)
4948ancoms 468 . . . . . 6 ((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℕ0) → ((𝑛 ∈ ℕ0 ↦ if(𝑛 = 𝑁, 𝐴, 0))‘𝑁) = 𝐴)
5049neeq1d 2882 . . . . 5 ((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℕ0) → (((𝑛 ∈ ℕ0 ↦ if(𝑛 = 𝑁, 𝐴, 0))‘𝑁) ≠ 0 ↔ 𝐴 ≠ 0))
5150biimpar 501 . . . 4 (((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℕ0) ∧ 𝐴 ≠ 0) → ((𝑛 ∈ ℕ0 ↦ if(𝑛 = 𝑁, 𝐴, 0))‘𝑁) ≠ 0)
5242, 43, 44, 45, 46, 51dgreq 24045 . . 3 (((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℕ0) ∧ 𝐴 ≠ 0) → (deg‘𝐹) = 𝑁)
5352ex 449 . 2 ((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℕ0) → (𝐴 ≠ 0 → (deg‘𝐹) = 𝑁))
5441, 53jca 553 1 ((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℕ0) → ((coeff‘𝐹) = (𝑛 ∈ ℕ0 ↦ if(𝑛 = 𝑁, 𝐴, 0)) ∧ (𝐴 ≠ 0 → (deg‘𝐹) = 𝑁)))
Colors of variables: wff setvar class
Syntax hints:  wi 4  wb 196  wa 383   = wceq 1523  wcel 2030  wne 2823  wral 2941  wss 3607  ifcif 4119  {csn 4210   class class class wbr 4685  cmpt 4762  cima 5146  wf 5922  cfv 5926  (class class class)co 6690  cc 9972  0cc0 9974  1c1 9975   + caddc 9977   · cmul 9979  cle 10113  0cn0 11330  cuz 11725  ...cfz 12364  cexp 12900  Σcsu 14460  Polycply 23985  coeffccoe 23987  degcdgr 23988
This theorem was proved from axioms:  ax-mp 5  ax-1 6  ax-2 7  ax-3 8  ax-gen 1762  ax-4 1777  ax-5 1879  ax-6 1945  ax-7 1981  ax-8 2032  ax-9 2039  ax-10 2059  ax-11 2074  ax-12 2087  ax-13 2282  ax-ext 2631  ax-rep 4804  ax-sep 4814  ax-nul 4822  ax-pow 4873  ax-pr 4936  ax-un 6991  ax-inf2 8576  ax-cnex 10030  ax-resscn 10031  ax-1cn 10032  ax-icn 10033  ax-addcl 10034  ax-addrcl 10035  ax-mulcl 10036  ax-mulrcl 10037  ax-mulcom 10038  ax-addass 10039  ax-mulass 10040  ax-distr 10041  ax-i2m1 10042  ax-1ne0 10043  ax-1rid 10044  ax-rnegex 10045  ax-rrecex 10046  ax-cnre 10047  ax-pre-lttri 10048  ax-pre-lttrn 10049  ax-pre-ltadd 10050  ax-pre-mulgt0 10051  ax-pre-sup 10052  ax-addf 10053
This theorem depends on definitions:  df-bi 197  df-or 384  df-an 385  df-3or 1055  df-3an 1056  df-tru 1526  df-fal 1529  df-ex 1745  df-nf 1750  df-sb 1938  df-eu 2502  df-mo 2503  df-clab 2638  df-cleq 2644  df-clel 2647  df-nfc 2782  df-ne 2824  df-nel 2927  df-ral 2946  df-rex 2947  df-reu 2948  df-rmo 2949  df-rab 2950  df-v 3233  df-sbc 3469  df-csb 3567  df-dif 3610  df-un 3612  df-in 3614  df-ss 3621  df-pss 3623  df-nul 3949  df-if 4120  df-pw 4193  df-sn 4211  df-pr 4213  df-tp 4215  df-op 4217  df-uni 4469  df-int 4508  df-iun 4554  df-br 4686  df-opab 4746  df-mpt 4763  df-tr 4786  df-id 5053  df-eprel 5058  df-po 5064  df-so 5065  df-fr 5102  df-se 5103  df-we 5104  df-xp 5149  df-rel 5150  df-cnv 5151  df-co 5152  df-dm 5153  df-rn 5154  df-res 5155  df-ima 5156  df-pred 5718  df-ord 5764  df-on 5765  df-lim 5766  df-suc 5767  df-iota 5889  df-fun 5928  df-fn 5929  df-f 5930  df-f1 5931  df-fo 5932  df-f1o 5933  df-fv 5934  df-isom 5935  df-riota 6651  df-ov 6693  df-oprab 6694  df-mpt2 6695  df-of 6939  df-om 7108  df-1st 7210  df-2nd 7211  df-wrecs 7452  df-recs 7513  df-rdg 7551  df-1o 7605  df-oadd 7609  df-er 7787  df-map 7901  df-pm 7902  df-en 7998  df-dom 7999  df-sdom 8000  df-fin 8001  df-sup 8389  df-inf 8390  df-oi 8456  df-card 8803  df-pnf 10114  df-mnf 10115  df-xr 10116  df-ltxr 10117  df-le 10118  df-sub 10306  df-neg 10307  df-div 10723  df-nn 11059  df-2 11117  df-3 11118  df-n0 11331  df-z 11416  df-uz 11726  df-rp 11871  df-fz 12365  df-fzo 12505  df-fl 12633  df-seq 12842  df-exp 12901  df-hash 13158  df-cj 13883  df-re 13884  df-im 13885  df-sqrt 14019  df-abs 14020  df-clim 14263  df-rlim 14264  df-sum 14461  df-0p 23482  df-ply 23989  df-coe 23991  df-dgr 23992
This theorem is referenced by:  coe1term  24060  dgr1term  24061
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