Metamath Proof Explorer < Previous   Next > Nearby theorems Mirrors  >  Home  >  MPE Home  >  Th. List  >  dfackm Structured version   Visualization version   GIF version

Theorem dfackm 9026
 Description: Equivalence of the Axiom of Choice and Maes' AC ackm 9325. The proof consists of lemmas kmlem1 9010 through kmlem16 9025 and this final theorem. AC is not used for the proof. Note: bypassing the first step (i.e. replacing dfac5 8989 with biid 251) establishes the AC equivalence shown by Maes' writeup. The left-hand-side AC shown here was chosen because it is shorter to display. (Contributed by NM, 13-Apr-2004.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 17-May-2015.)
Assertion
Ref Expression
dfackm (CHOICE ↔ ∀𝑥𝑦𝑧𝑣𝑢((𝑦𝑥 ∧ (𝑧𝑦 → ((𝑣𝑥 ∧ ¬ 𝑦 = 𝑣) ∧ 𝑧𝑣))) ∨ (¬ 𝑦𝑥 ∧ (𝑧𝑥 → ((𝑣𝑧𝑣𝑦) ∧ ((𝑢𝑧𝑢𝑦) → 𝑢 = 𝑣))))))
Distinct variable group:   𝑥,𝑦,𝑧,𝑣,𝑢

Proof of Theorem dfackm
Dummy variables 𝑤 𝑡 are mutually distinct and distinct from all other variables.
StepHypRef Expression
1 dfac5 8989 . 2 (CHOICE ↔ ∀𝑥((∀𝑧𝑥 𝑧 ≠ ∅ ∧ ∀𝑧𝑥𝑤𝑥 (𝑧𝑤 → (𝑧𝑤) = ∅)) → ∃𝑦𝑧𝑥 ∃!𝑣 𝑣 ∈ (𝑧𝑦)))
2 eqid 2651 . . . . 5 {𝑡 ∣ ∃𝑥 𝑡 = ( (𝑥 ∖ {}))} = {𝑡 ∣ ∃𝑥 𝑡 = ( (𝑥 ∖ {}))}
32kmlem13 9022 . . . 4 (∀𝑥((∀𝑧𝑥 𝑧 ≠ ∅ ∧ ∀𝑧𝑥𝑤𝑥 (𝑧𝑤 → (𝑧𝑤) = ∅)) → ∃𝑦𝑧𝑥 ∃!𝑣 𝑣 ∈ (𝑧𝑦)) ↔ ∀𝑥(¬ ∃𝑧𝑥𝑣𝑧𝑤𝑥 (𝑧𝑤𝑣 ∈ (𝑧𝑤)) → ∃𝑦𝑧𝑥 (𝑧 ≠ ∅ → ∃!𝑣 𝑣 ∈ (𝑧𝑦))))
4 kmlem8 9017 . . . . 5 ((¬ ∃𝑧𝑥𝑣𝑧𝑤𝑥 (𝑧𝑤𝑣 ∈ (𝑧𝑤)) → ∃𝑦𝑧𝑥 (𝑧 ≠ ∅ → ∃!𝑣 𝑣 ∈ (𝑧𝑦))) ↔ (∃𝑧𝑥𝑣𝑧𝑤𝑥 (𝑧𝑤𝑣 ∈ (𝑧𝑤)) ∨ ∃𝑦𝑦𝑥 ∧ ∀𝑧𝑥 ∃!𝑣 𝑣 ∈ (𝑧𝑦))))
54albii 1787 . . . 4 (∀𝑥(¬ ∃𝑧𝑥𝑣𝑧𝑤𝑥 (𝑧𝑤𝑣 ∈ (𝑧𝑤)) → ∃𝑦𝑧𝑥 (𝑧 ≠ ∅ → ∃!𝑣 𝑣 ∈ (𝑧𝑦))) ↔ ∀𝑥(∃𝑧𝑥𝑣𝑧𝑤𝑥 (𝑧𝑤𝑣 ∈ (𝑧𝑤)) ∨ ∃𝑦𝑦𝑥 ∧ ∀𝑧𝑥 ∃!𝑣 𝑣 ∈ (𝑧𝑦))))
63, 5bitri 264 . . 3 (∀𝑥((∀𝑧𝑥 𝑧 ≠ ∅ ∧ ∀𝑧𝑥𝑤𝑥 (𝑧𝑤 → (𝑧𝑤) = ∅)) → ∃𝑦𝑧𝑥 ∃!𝑣 𝑣 ∈ (𝑧𝑦)) ↔ ∀𝑥(∃𝑧𝑥𝑣𝑧𝑤𝑥 (𝑧𝑤𝑣 ∈ (𝑧𝑤)) ∨ ∃𝑦𝑦𝑥 ∧ ∀𝑧𝑥 ∃!𝑣 𝑣 ∈ (𝑧𝑦))))
7 df-ne 2824 . . . . . . . . 9 (𝑦𝑣 ↔ ¬ 𝑦 = 𝑣)
87bicomi 214 . . . . . . . 8 𝑦 = 𝑣𝑦𝑣)
98anbi2i 730 . . . . . . 7 ((𝑣𝑥 ∧ ¬ 𝑦 = 𝑣) ↔ (𝑣𝑥𝑦𝑣))
109anbi1i 731 . . . . . 6 (((𝑣𝑥 ∧ ¬ 𝑦 = 𝑣) ∧ 𝑧𝑣) ↔ ((𝑣𝑥𝑦𝑣) ∧ 𝑧𝑣))
1110imbi2i 325 . . . . 5 ((𝑧𝑦 → ((𝑣𝑥 ∧ ¬ 𝑦 = 𝑣) ∧ 𝑧𝑣)) ↔ (𝑧𝑦 → ((𝑣𝑥𝑦𝑣) ∧ 𝑧𝑣)))
12 biid 251 . . . . 5 ((𝑧𝑥 → ((𝑣𝑧𝑣𝑦) ∧ ((𝑢𝑧𝑢𝑦) → 𝑢 = 𝑣))) ↔ (𝑧𝑥 → ((𝑣𝑧𝑣𝑦) ∧ ((𝑢𝑧𝑢𝑦) → 𝑢 = 𝑣))))
13 biid 251 . . . . 5 (∀𝑧𝑥 ∃!𝑣 𝑣 ∈ (𝑧𝑦) ↔ ∀𝑧𝑥 ∃!𝑣 𝑣 ∈ (𝑧𝑦))
1411, 12, 13kmlem16 9025 . . . 4 ((∃𝑧𝑥𝑣𝑧𝑤𝑥 (𝑧𝑤𝑣 ∈ (𝑧𝑤)) ∨ ∃𝑦𝑦𝑥 ∧ ∀𝑧𝑥 ∃!𝑣 𝑣 ∈ (𝑧𝑦))) ↔ ∃𝑦𝑧𝑣𝑢((𝑦𝑥 ∧ (𝑧𝑦 → ((𝑣𝑥 ∧ ¬ 𝑦 = 𝑣) ∧ 𝑧𝑣))) ∨ (¬ 𝑦𝑥 ∧ (𝑧𝑥 → ((𝑣𝑧𝑣𝑦) ∧ ((𝑢𝑧𝑢𝑦) → 𝑢 = 𝑣))))))
1514albii 1787 . . 3 (∀𝑥(∃𝑧𝑥𝑣𝑧𝑤𝑥 (𝑧𝑤𝑣 ∈ (𝑧𝑤)) ∨ ∃𝑦𝑦𝑥 ∧ ∀𝑧𝑥 ∃!𝑣 𝑣 ∈ (𝑧𝑦))) ↔ ∀𝑥𝑦𝑧𝑣𝑢((𝑦𝑥 ∧ (𝑧𝑦 → ((𝑣𝑥 ∧ ¬ 𝑦 = 𝑣) ∧ 𝑧𝑣))) ∨ (¬ 𝑦𝑥 ∧ (𝑧𝑥 → ((𝑣𝑧𝑣𝑦) ∧ ((𝑢𝑧𝑢𝑦) → 𝑢 = 𝑣))))))
166, 15bitri 264 . 2 (∀𝑥((∀𝑧𝑥 𝑧 ≠ ∅ ∧ ∀𝑧𝑥𝑤𝑥 (𝑧𝑤 → (𝑧𝑤) = ∅)) → ∃𝑦𝑧𝑥 ∃!𝑣 𝑣 ∈ (𝑧𝑦)) ↔ ∀𝑥𝑦𝑧𝑣𝑢((𝑦𝑥 ∧ (𝑧𝑦 → ((𝑣𝑥 ∧ ¬ 𝑦 = 𝑣) ∧ 𝑧𝑣))) ∨ (¬ 𝑦𝑥 ∧ (𝑧𝑥 → ((𝑣𝑧𝑣𝑦) ∧ ((𝑢𝑧𝑢𝑦) → 𝑢 = 𝑣))))))
171, 16bitri 264 1 (CHOICE ↔ ∀𝑥𝑦𝑧𝑣𝑢((𝑦𝑥 ∧ (𝑧𝑦 → ((𝑣𝑥 ∧ ¬ 𝑦 = 𝑣) ∧ 𝑧𝑣))) ∨ (¬ 𝑦𝑥 ∧ (𝑧𝑥 → ((𝑣𝑧𝑣𝑦) ∧ ((𝑢𝑧𝑢𝑦) → 𝑢 = 𝑣))))))
 Colors of variables: wff setvar class Syntax hints:  ¬ wn 3   → wi 4   ↔ wb 196   ∨ wo 382   ∧ wa 383  ∀wal 1521   = wceq 1523  ∃wex 1744   ∈ wcel 2030  ∃!weu 2498  {cab 2637   ≠ wne 2823  ∀wral 2941  ∃wrex 2942   ∖ cdif 3604   ∩ cin 3606  ∅c0 3948  {csn 4210  ∪ cuni 4468  CHOICEwac 8976 This theorem was proved from axioms:  ax-mp 5  ax-1 6  ax-2 7  ax-3 8  ax-gen 1762  ax-4 1777  ax-5 1879  ax-6 1945  ax-7 1981  ax-8 2032  ax-9 2039  ax-10 2059  ax-11 2074  ax-12 2087  ax-13 2282  ax-ext 2631  ax-rep 4804  ax-sep 4814  ax-nul 4822  ax-pow 4873  ax-pr 4936  ax-un 6991 This theorem depends on definitions:  df-bi 197  df-or 384  df-an 385  df-3an 1056  df-tru 1526  df-ex 1745  df-nf 1750  df-sb 1938  df-eu 2502  df-mo 2503  df-clab 2638  df-cleq 2644  df-clel 2647  df-nfc 2782  df-ne 2824  df-ral 2946  df-rex 2947  df-reu 2948  df-rab 2950  df-v 3233  df-sbc 3469  df-csb 3567  df-dif 3610  df-un 3612  df-in 3614  df-ss 3621  df-nul 3949  df-if 4120  df-pw 4193  df-sn 4211  df-pr 4213  df-op 4217  df-uni 4469  df-iun 4554  df-br 4686  df-opab 4746  df-mpt 4763  df-id 5053  df-xp 5149  df-rel 5150  df-cnv 5151  df-co 5152  df-dm 5153  df-rn 5154  df-res 5155  df-ima 5156  df-iota 5889  df-fun 5928  df-fn 5929  df-f 5930  df-f1 5931  df-fo 5932  df-f1o 5933  df-fv 5934  df-ac 8977 This theorem is referenced by:  axac3  9324  ackm  9325  axac2  9326
 Copyright terms: Public domain W3C validator