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Theorem dfgrp3 17735
Description: Alternate definition of a group as semigroup (with at least one element) which is also a quasigroup, i.e. a magma in which solutions 𝑥 and 𝑦 of the equations (𝑎 + 𝑥) = 𝑏 and (𝑥 + 𝑎) = 𝑏 exist. Theorem 3.2 of [Bruck] p. 28. (Contributed by AV, 28-Aug-2021.)
Hypotheses
Ref Expression
dfgrp3.b 𝐵 = (Base‘𝐺)
dfgrp3.p + = (+g𝐺)
Assertion
Ref Expression
dfgrp3 (𝐺 ∈ Grp ↔ (𝐺 ∈ SGrp ∧ 𝐵 ≠ ∅ ∧ ∀𝑥𝐵𝑦𝐵 (∃𝑙𝐵 (𝑙 + 𝑥) = 𝑦 ∧ ∃𝑟𝐵 (𝑥 + 𝑟) = 𝑦)))
Distinct variable groups:   𝐵,𝑙,𝑟,𝑥,𝑦   𝐺,𝑙,𝑟,𝑥,𝑦   + ,𝑙,𝑟,𝑥,𝑦

Proof of Theorem dfgrp3
Dummy variables 𝑎 𝑖 𝑢 are mutually distinct and distinct from all other variables.
StepHypRef Expression
1 grpsgrp 17667 . . 3 (𝐺 ∈ Grp → 𝐺 ∈ SGrp)
2 dfgrp3.b . . . 4 𝐵 = (Base‘𝐺)
32grpbn0 17672 . . 3 (𝐺 ∈ Grp → 𝐵 ≠ ∅)
4 simpl 474 . . . . . . 7 ((𝐺 ∈ Grp ∧ (𝑥𝐵𝑦𝐵)) → 𝐺 ∈ Grp)
5 simpr 479 . . . . . . . 8 ((𝑥𝐵𝑦𝐵) → 𝑦𝐵)
65adantl 473 . . . . . . 7 ((𝐺 ∈ Grp ∧ (𝑥𝐵𝑦𝐵)) → 𝑦𝐵)
7 simpl 474 . . . . . . . 8 ((𝑥𝐵𝑦𝐵) → 𝑥𝐵)
87adantl 473 . . . . . . 7 ((𝐺 ∈ Grp ∧ (𝑥𝐵𝑦𝐵)) → 𝑥𝐵)
9 eqid 2760 . . . . . . . 8 (-g𝐺) = (-g𝐺)
102, 9grpsubcl 17716 . . . . . . 7 ((𝐺 ∈ Grp ∧ 𝑦𝐵𝑥𝐵) → (𝑦(-g𝐺)𝑥) ∈ 𝐵)
114, 6, 8, 10syl3anc 1477 . . . . . 6 ((𝐺 ∈ Grp ∧ (𝑥𝐵𝑦𝐵)) → (𝑦(-g𝐺)𝑥) ∈ 𝐵)
12 oveq1 6821 . . . . . . . 8 (𝑙 = (𝑦(-g𝐺)𝑥) → (𝑙 + 𝑥) = ((𝑦(-g𝐺)𝑥) + 𝑥))
1312eqeq1d 2762 . . . . . . 7 (𝑙 = (𝑦(-g𝐺)𝑥) → ((𝑙 + 𝑥) = 𝑦 ↔ ((𝑦(-g𝐺)𝑥) + 𝑥) = 𝑦))
1413adantl 473 . . . . . 6 (((𝐺 ∈ Grp ∧ (𝑥𝐵𝑦𝐵)) ∧ 𝑙 = (𝑦(-g𝐺)𝑥)) → ((𝑙 + 𝑥) = 𝑦 ↔ ((𝑦(-g𝐺)𝑥) + 𝑥) = 𝑦))
15 dfgrp3.p . . . . . . . 8 + = (+g𝐺)
162, 15, 9grpnpcan 17728 . . . . . . 7 ((𝐺 ∈ Grp ∧ 𝑦𝐵𝑥𝐵) → ((𝑦(-g𝐺)𝑥) + 𝑥) = 𝑦)
174, 6, 8, 16syl3anc 1477 . . . . . 6 ((𝐺 ∈ Grp ∧ (𝑥𝐵𝑦𝐵)) → ((𝑦(-g𝐺)𝑥) + 𝑥) = 𝑦)
1811, 14, 17rspcedvd 3456 . . . . 5 ((𝐺 ∈ Grp ∧ (𝑥𝐵𝑦𝐵)) → ∃𝑙𝐵 (𝑙 + 𝑥) = 𝑦)
19 eqid 2760 . . . . . . . . 9 (invg𝐺) = (invg𝐺)
202, 19grpinvcl 17688 . . . . . . . 8 ((𝐺 ∈ Grp ∧ 𝑥𝐵) → ((invg𝐺)‘𝑥) ∈ 𝐵)
2120adantrr 755 . . . . . . 7 ((𝐺 ∈ Grp ∧ (𝑥𝐵𝑦𝐵)) → ((invg𝐺)‘𝑥) ∈ 𝐵)
222, 15grpcl 17651 . . . . . . 7 ((𝐺 ∈ Grp ∧ ((invg𝐺)‘𝑥) ∈ 𝐵𝑦𝐵) → (((invg𝐺)‘𝑥) + 𝑦) ∈ 𝐵)
234, 21, 6, 22syl3anc 1477 . . . . . 6 ((𝐺 ∈ Grp ∧ (𝑥𝐵𝑦𝐵)) → (((invg𝐺)‘𝑥) + 𝑦) ∈ 𝐵)
24 oveq2 6822 . . . . . . . 8 (𝑟 = (((invg𝐺)‘𝑥) + 𝑦) → (𝑥 + 𝑟) = (𝑥 + (((invg𝐺)‘𝑥) + 𝑦)))
2524eqeq1d 2762 . . . . . . 7 (𝑟 = (((invg𝐺)‘𝑥) + 𝑦) → ((𝑥 + 𝑟) = 𝑦 ↔ (𝑥 + (((invg𝐺)‘𝑥) + 𝑦)) = 𝑦))
2625adantl 473 . . . . . 6 (((𝐺 ∈ Grp ∧ (𝑥𝐵𝑦𝐵)) ∧ 𝑟 = (((invg𝐺)‘𝑥) + 𝑦)) → ((𝑥 + 𝑟) = 𝑦 ↔ (𝑥 + (((invg𝐺)‘𝑥) + 𝑦)) = 𝑦))
27 eqid 2760 . . . . . . . . . 10 (0g𝐺) = (0g𝐺)
282, 15, 27, 19grprinv 17690 . . . . . . . . 9 ((𝐺 ∈ Grp ∧ 𝑥𝐵) → (𝑥 + ((invg𝐺)‘𝑥)) = (0g𝐺))
2928adantrr 755 . . . . . . . 8 ((𝐺 ∈ Grp ∧ (𝑥𝐵𝑦𝐵)) → (𝑥 + ((invg𝐺)‘𝑥)) = (0g𝐺))
3029oveq1d 6829 . . . . . . 7 ((𝐺 ∈ Grp ∧ (𝑥𝐵𝑦𝐵)) → ((𝑥 + ((invg𝐺)‘𝑥)) + 𝑦) = ((0g𝐺) + 𝑦))
312, 15grpass 17652 . . . . . . . 8 ((𝐺 ∈ Grp ∧ (𝑥𝐵 ∧ ((invg𝐺)‘𝑥) ∈ 𝐵𝑦𝐵)) → ((𝑥 + ((invg𝐺)‘𝑥)) + 𝑦) = (𝑥 + (((invg𝐺)‘𝑥) + 𝑦)))
324, 8, 21, 6, 31syl13anc 1479 . . . . . . 7 ((𝐺 ∈ Grp ∧ (𝑥𝐵𝑦𝐵)) → ((𝑥 + ((invg𝐺)‘𝑥)) + 𝑦) = (𝑥 + (((invg𝐺)‘𝑥) + 𝑦)))
33 grpmnd 17650 . . . . . . . 8 (𝐺 ∈ Grp → 𝐺 ∈ Mnd)
342, 15, 27mndlid 17532 . . . . . . . 8 ((𝐺 ∈ Mnd ∧ 𝑦𝐵) → ((0g𝐺) + 𝑦) = 𝑦)
3533, 5, 34syl2an 495 . . . . . . 7 ((𝐺 ∈ Grp ∧ (𝑥𝐵𝑦𝐵)) → ((0g𝐺) + 𝑦) = 𝑦)
3630, 32, 353eqtr3d 2802 . . . . . 6 ((𝐺 ∈ Grp ∧ (𝑥𝐵𝑦𝐵)) → (𝑥 + (((invg𝐺)‘𝑥) + 𝑦)) = 𝑦)
3723, 26, 36rspcedvd 3456 . . . . 5 ((𝐺 ∈ Grp ∧ (𝑥𝐵𝑦𝐵)) → ∃𝑟𝐵 (𝑥 + 𝑟) = 𝑦)
3818, 37jca 555 . . . 4 ((𝐺 ∈ Grp ∧ (𝑥𝐵𝑦𝐵)) → (∃𝑙𝐵 (𝑙 + 𝑥) = 𝑦 ∧ ∃𝑟𝐵 (𝑥 + 𝑟) = 𝑦))
3938ralrimivva 3109 . . 3 (𝐺 ∈ Grp → ∀𝑥𝐵𝑦𝐵 (∃𝑙𝐵 (𝑙 + 𝑥) = 𝑦 ∧ ∃𝑟𝐵 (𝑥 + 𝑟) = 𝑦))
401, 3, 393jca 1123 . 2 (𝐺 ∈ Grp → (𝐺 ∈ SGrp ∧ 𝐵 ≠ ∅ ∧ ∀𝑥𝐵𝑦𝐵 (∃𝑙𝐵 (𝑙 + 𝑥) = 𝑦 ∧ ∃𝑟𝐵 (𝑥 + 𝑟) = 𝑦)))
41 simp1 1131 . . 3 ((𝐺 ∈ SGrp ∧ 𝐵 ≠ ∅ ∧ ∀𝑥𝐵𝑦𝐵 (∃𝑙𝐵 (𝑙 + 𝑥) = 𝑦 ∧ ∃𝑟𝐵 (𝑥 + 𝑟) = 𝑦)) → 𝐺 ∈ SGrp)
422, 15dfgrp3lem 17734 . . 3 ((𝐺 ∈ SGrp ∧ 𝐵 ≠ ∅ ∧ ∀𝑥𝐵𝑦𝐵 (∃𝑙𝐵 (𝑙 + 𝑥) = 𝑦 ∧ ∃𝑟𝐵 (𝑥 + 𝑟) = 𝑦)) → ∃𝑢𝐵𝑎𝐵 ((𝑢 + 𝑎) = 𝑎 ∧ ∃𝑖𝐵 (𝑖 + 𝑎) = 𝑢))
432, 15dfgrp2 17668 . . 3 (𝐺 ∈ Grp ↔ (𝐺 ∈ SGrp ∧ ∃𝑢𝐵𝑎𝐵 ((𝑢 + 𝑎) = 𝑎 ∧ ∃𝑖𝐵 (𝑖 + 𝑎) = 𝑢)))
4441, 42, 43sylanbrc 701 . 2 ((𝐺 ∈ SGrp ∧ 𝐵 ≠ ∅ ∧ ∀𝑥𝐵𝑦𝐵 (∃𝑙𝐵 (𝑙 + 𝑥) = 𝑦 ∧ ∃𝑟𝐵 (𝑥 + 𝑟) = 𝑦)) → 𝐺 ∈ Grp)
4540, 44impbii 199 1 (𝐺 ∈ Grp ↔ (𝐺 ∈ SGrp ∧ 𝐵 ≠ ∅ ∧ ∀𝑥𝐵𝑦𝐵 (∃𝑙𝐵 (𝑙 + 𝑥) = 𝑦 ∧ ∃𝑟𝐵 (𝑥 + 𝑟) = 𝑦)))
Colors of variables: wff setvar class
Syntax hints:  wb 196  wa 383  w3a 1072   = wceq 1632  wcel 2139  wne 2932  wral 3050  wrex 3051  c0 4058  cfv 6049  (class class class)co 6814  Basecbs 16079  +gcplusg 16163  0gc0g 16322  SGrpcsgrp 17504  Mndcmnd 17515  Grpcgrp 17643  invgcminusg 17644  -gcsg 17645
This theorem was proved from axioms:  ax-mp 5  ax-1 6  ax-2 7  ax-3 8  ax-gen 1871  ax-4 1886  ax-5 1988  ax-6 2054  ax-7 2090  ax-8 2141  ax-9 2148  ax-10 2168  ax-11 2183  ax-12 2196  ax-13 2391  ax-ext 2740  ax-rep 4923  ax-sep 4933  ax-nul 4941  ax-pow 4992  ax-pr 5055  ax-un 7115
This theorem depends on definitions:  df-bi 197  df-or 384  df-an 385  df-3an 1074  df-tru 1635  df-ex 1854  df-nf 1859  df-sb 2047  df-eu 2611  df-mo 2612  df-clab 2747  df-cleq 2753  df-clel 2756  df-nfc 2891  df-ne 2933  df-ral 3055  df-rex 3056  df-reu 3057  df-rmo 3058  df-rab 3059  df-v 3342  df-sbc 3577  df-csb 3675  df-dif 3718  df-un 3720  df-in 3722  df-ss 3729  df-nul 4059  df-if 4231  df-pw 4304  df-sn 4322  df-pr 4324  df-op 4328  df-uni 4589  df-iun 4674  df-br 4805  df-opab 4865  df-mpt 4882  df-id 5174  df-xp 5272  df-rel 5273  df-cnv 5274  df-co 5275  df-dm 5276  df-rn 5277  df-res 5278  df-ima 5279  df-iota 6012  df-fun 6051  df-fn 6052  df-f 6053  df-f1 6054  df-fo 6055  df-f1o 6056  df-fv 6057  df-riota 6775  df-ov 6817  df-oprab 6818  df-mpt2 6819  df-1st 7334  df-2nd 7335  df-0g 16324  df-mgm 17463  df-sgrp 17505  df-mnd 17516  df-grp 17646  df-minusg 17647  df-sbg 17648
This theorem is referenced by:  dfgrp3e  17736
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