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Theorem dfgrp3e 17716
Description: Alternate definition of a group as a set with a closed, associative operation, for which solutions 𝑥 and 𝑦 of the equations (𝑎 + 𝑥) = 𝑏 and (𝑥 + 𝑎) = 𝑏 exist. Exercise 1 of [Herstein] p. 57. (Contributed by NM, 5-Dec-2006.) (Revised by AV, 28-Aug-2021.)
Hypotheses
Ref Expression
dfgrp3.b 𝐵 = (Base‘𝐺)
dfgrp3.p + = (+g𝐺)
Assertion
Ref Expression
dfgrp3e (𝐺 ∈ Grp ↔ (𝐵 ≠ ∅ ∧ ∀𝑥𝐵𝑦𝐵 ((𝑥 + 𝑦) ∈ 𝐵 ∧ ∀𝑧𝐵 ((𝑥 + 𝑦) + 𝑧) = (𝑥 + (𝑦 + 𝑧)) ∧ (∃𝑙𝐵 (𝑙 + 𝑥) = 𝑦 ∧ ∃𝑟𝐵 (𝑥 + 𝑟) = 𝑦))))
Distinct variable groups:   𝐵,𝑙,𝑟,𝑥,𝑦,𝑧   𝐺,𝑙,𝑟,𝑥,𝑦,𝑧   + ,𝑙,𝑟,𝑥,𝑦,𝑧

Proof of Theorem dfgrp3e
Dummy variable 𝑎 is distinct from all other variables.
StepHypRef Expression
1 dfgrp3.b . . 3 𝐵 = (Base‘𝐺)
2 dfgrp3.p . . 3 + = (+g𝐺)
31, 2dfgrp3 17715 . 2 (𝐺 ∈ Grp ↔ (𝐺 ∈ SGrp ∧ 𝐵 ≠ ∅ ∧ ∀𝑥𝐵𝑦𝐵 (∃𝑙𝐵 (𝑙 + 𝑥) = 𝑦 ∧ ∃𝑟𝐵 (𝑥 + 𝑟) = 𝑦)))
4 simp2 1132 . . . 4 ((𝐺 ∈ SGrp ∧ 𝐵 ≠ ∅ ∧ ∀𝑥𝐵𝑦𝐵 (∃𝑙𝐵 (𝑙 + 𝑥) = 𝑦 ∧ ∃𝑟𝐵 (𝑥 + 𝑟) = 𝑦)) → 𝐵 ≠ ∅)
5 sgrpmgm 17490 . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 (𝐺 ∈ SGrp → 𝐺 ∈ Mgm)
65adantr 472 . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 ((𝐺 ∈ SGrp ∧ 𝑥𝐵) → 𝐺 ∈ Mgm)
76adantr 472 . . . . . . . . . . . 12 (((𝐺 ∈ SGrp ∧ 𝑥𝐵) ∧ 𝑦𝐵) → 𝐺 ∈ Mgm)
8 simpr 479 . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 ((𝐺 ∈ SGrp ∧ 𝑥𝐵) → 𝑥𝐵)
98adantr 472 . . . . . . . . . . . 12 (((𝐺 ∈ SGrp ∧ 𝑥𝐵) ∧ 𝑦𝐵) → 𝑥𝐵)
10 simpr 479 . . . . . . . . . . . 12 (((𝐺 ∈ SGrp ∧ 𝑥𝐵) ∧ 𝑦𝐵) → 𝑦𝐵)
111, 2mgmcl 17446 . . . . . . . . . . . 12 ((𝐺 ∈ Mgm ∧ 𝑥𝐵𝑦𝐵) → (𝑥 + 𝑦) ∈ 𝐵)
127, 9, 10, 11syl3anc 1477 . . . . . . . . . . 11 (((𝐺 ∈ SGrp ∧ 𝑥𝐵) ∧ 𝑦𝐵) → (𝑥 + 𝑦) ∈ 𝐵)
1312adantr 472 . . . . . . . . . 10 ((((𝐺 ∈ SGrp ∧ 𝑥𝐵) ∧ 𝑦𝐵) ∧ (∃𝑙𝐵 (𝑙 + 𝑥) = 𝑦 ∧ ∃𝑟𝐵 (𝑥 + 𝑟) = 𝑦)) → (𝑥 + 𝑦) ∈ 𝐵)
141, 2sgrpass 17491 . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 ((𝐺 ∈ SGrp ∧ (𝑥𝐵𝑦𝐵𝑧𝐵)) → ((𝑥 + 𝑦) + 𝑧) = (𝑥 + (𝑦 + 𝑧)))
15143anassrs 1454 . . . . . . . . . . . 12 ((((𝐺 ∈ SGrp ∧ 𝑥𝐵) ∧ 𝑦𝐵) ∧ 𝑧𝐵) → ((𝑥 + 𝑦) + 𝑧) = (𝑥 + (𝑦 + 𝑧)))
1615ralrimiva 3104 . . . . . . . . . . 11 (((𝐺 ∈ SGrp ∧ 𝑥𝐵) ∧ 𝑦𝐵) → ∀𝑧𝐵 ((𝑥 + 𝑦) + 𝑧) = (𝑥 + (𝑦 + 𝑧)))
1716adantr 472 . . . . . . . . . 10 ((((𝐺 ∈ SGrp ∧ 𝑥𝐵) ∧ 𝑦𝐵) ∧ (∃𝑙𝐵 (𝑙 + 𝑥) = 𝑦 ∧ ∃𝑟𝐵 (𝑥 + 𝑟) = 𝑦)) → ∀𝑧𝐵 ((𝑥 + 𝑦) + 𝑧) = (𝑥 + (𝑦 + 𝑧)))
18 simpr 479 . . . . . . . . . 10 ((((𝐺 ∈ SGrp ∧ 𝑥𝐵) ∧ 𝑦𝐵) ∧ (∃𝑙𝐵 (𝑙 + 𝑥) = 𝑦 ∧ ∃𝑟𝐵 (𝑥 + 𝑟) = 𝑦)) → (∃𝑙𝐵 (𝑙 + 𝑥) = 𝑦 ∧ ∃𝑟𝐵 (𝑥 + 𝑟) = 𝑦))
1913, 17, 183jca 1123 . . . . . . . . 9 ((((𝐺 ∈ SGrp ∧ 𝑥𝐵) ∧ 𝑦𝐵) ∧ (∃𝑙𝐵 (𝑙 + 𝑥) = 𝑦 ∧ ∃𝑟𝐵 (𝑥 + 𝑟) = 𝑦)) → ((𝑥 + 𝑦) ∈ 𝐵 ∧ ∀𝑧𝐵 ((𝑥 + 𝑦) + 𝑧) = (𝑥 + (𝑦 + 𝑧)) ∧ (∃𝑙𝐵 (𝑙 + 𝑥) = 𝑦 ∧ ∃𝑟𝐵 (𝑥 + 𝑟) = 𝑦)))
2019ex 449 . . . . . . . 8 (((𝐺 ∈ SGrp ∧ 𝑥𝐵) ∧ 𝑦𝐵) → ((∃𝑙𝐵 (𝑙 + 𝑥) = 𝑦 ∧ ∃𝑟𝐵 (𝑥 + 𝑟) = 𝑦) → ((𝑥 + 𝑦) ∈ 𝐵 ∧ ∀𝑧𝐵 ((𝑥 + 𝑦) + 𝑧) = (𝑥 + (𝑦 + 𝑧)) ∧ (∃𝑙𝐵 (𝑙 + 𝑥) = 𝑦 ∧ ∃𝑟𝐵 (𝑥 + 𝑟) = 𝑦))))
2120ralimdva 3100 . . . . . . 7 ((𝐺 ∈ SGrp ∧ 𝑥𝐵) → (∀𝑦𝐵 (∃𝑙𝐵 (𝑙 + 𝑥) = 𝑦 ∧ ∃𝑟𝐵 (𝑥 + 𝑟) = 𝑦) → ∀𝑦𝐵 ((𝑥 + 𝑦) ∈ 𝐵 ∧ ∀𝑧𝐵 ((𝑥 + 𝑦) + 𝑧) = (𝑥 + (𝑦 + 𝑧)) ∧ (∃𝑙𝐵 (𝑙 + 𝑥) = 𝑦 ∧ ∃𝑟𝐵 (𝑥 + 𝑟) = 𝑦))))
2221ralimdva 3100 . . . . . 6 (𝐺 ∈ SGrp → (∀𝑥𝐵𝑦𝐵 (∃𝑙𝐵 (𝑙 + 𝑥) = 𝑦 ∧ ∃𝑟𝐵 (𝑥 + 𝑟) = 𝑦) → ∀𝑥𝐵𝑦𝐵 ((𝑥 + 𝑦) ∈ 𝐵 ∧ ∀𝑧𝐵 ((𝑥 + 𝑦) + 𝑧) = (𝑥 + (𝑦 + 𝑧)) ∧ (∃𝑙𝐵 (𝑙 + 𝑥) = 𝑦 ∧ ∃𝑟𝐵 (𝑥 + 𝑟) = 𝑦))))
2322a1d 25 . . . . 5 (𝐺 ∈ SGrp → (𝐵 ≠ ∅ → (∀𝑥𝐵𝑦𝐵 (∃𝑙𝐵 (𝑙 + 𝑥) = 𝑦 ∧ ∃𝑟𝐵 (𝑥 + 𝑟) = 𝑦) → ∀𝑥𝐵𝑦𝐵 ((𝑥 + 𝑦) ∈ 𝐵 ∧ ∀𝑧𝐵 ((𝑥 + 𝑦) + 𝑧) = (𝑥 + (𝑦 + 𝑧)) ∧ (∃𝑙𝐵 (𝑙 + 𝑥) = 𝑦 ∧ ∃𝑟𝐵 (𝑥 + 𝑟) = 𝑦)))))
24233imp 1102 . . . 4 ((𝐺 ∈ SGrp ∧ 𝐵 ≠ ∅ ∧ ∀𝑥𝐵𝑦𝐵 (∃𝑙𝐵 (𝑙 + 𝑥) = 𝑦 ∧ ∃𝑟𝐵 (𝑥 + 𝑟) = 𝑦)) → ∀𝑥𝐵𝑦𝐵 ((𝑥 + 𝑦) ∈ 𝐵 ∧ ∀𝑧𝐵 ((𝑥 + 𝑦) + 𝑧) = (𝑥 + (𝑦 + 𝑧)) ∧ (∃𝑙𝐵 (𝑙 + 𝑥) = 𝑦 ∧ ∃𝑟𝐵 (𝑥 + 𝑟) = 𝑦)))
254, 24jca 555 . . 3 ((𝐺 ∈ SGrp ∧ 𝐵 ≠ ∅ ∧ ∀𝑥𝐵𝑦𝐵 (∃𝑙𝐵 (𝑙 + 𝑥) = 𝑦 ∧ ∃𝑟𝐵 (𝑥 + 𝑟) = 𝑦)) → (𝐵 ≠ ∅ ∧ ∀𝑥𝐵𝑦𝐵 ((𝑥 + 𝑦) ∈ 𝐵 ∧ ∀𝑧𝐵 ((𝑥 + 𝑦) + 𝑧) = (𝑥 + (𝑦 + 𝑧)) ∧ (∃𝑙𝐵 (𝑙 + 𝑥) = 𝑦 ∧ ∃𝑟𝐵 (𝑥 + 𝑟) = 𝑦))))
26 n0 4074 . . . . . 6 (𝐵 ≠ ∅ ↔ ∃𝑎 𝑎𝐵)
27 3simpa 1143 . . . . . . . . 9 (((𝑥 + 𝑦) ∈ 𝐵 ∧ ∀𝑧𝐵 ((𝑥 + 𝑦) + 𝑧) = (𝑥 + (𝑦 + 𝑧)) ∧ (∃𝑙𝐵 (𝑙 + 𝑥) = 𝑦 ∧ ∃𝑟𝐵 (𝑥 + 𝑟) = 𝑦)) → ((𝑥 + 𝑦) ∈ 𝐵 ∧ ∀𝑧𝐵 ((𝑥 + 𝑦) + 𝑧) = (𝑥 + (𝑦 + 𝑧))))
28272ralimi 3091 . . . . . . . 8 (∀𝑥𝐵𝑦𝐵 ((𝑥 + 𝑦) ∈ 𝐵 ∧ ∀𝑧𝐵 ((𝑥 + 𝑦) + 𝑧) = (𝑥 + (𝑦 + 𝑧)) ∧ (∃𝑙𝐵 (𝑙 + 𝑥) = 𝑦 ∧ ∃𝑟𝐵 (𝑥 + 𝑟) = 𝑦)) → ∀𝑥𝐵𝑦𝐵 ((𝑥 + 𝑦) ∈ 𝐵 ∧ ∀𝑧𝐵 ((𝑥 + 𝑦) + 𝑧) = (𝑥 + (𝑦 + 𝑧))))
291, 2issgrpn0 17488 . . . . . . . 8 (𝑎𝐵 → (𝐺 ∈ SGrp ↔ ∀𝑥𝐵𝑦𝐵 ((𝑥 + 𝑦) ∈ 𝐵 ∧ ∀𝑧𝐵 ((𝑥 + 𝑦) + 𝑧) = (𝑥 + (𝑦 + 𝑧)))))
3028, 29syl5ibr 236 . . . . . . 7 (𝑎𝐵 → (∀𝑥𝐵𝑦𝐵 ((𝑥 + 𝑦) ∈ 𝐵 ∧ ∀𝑧𝐵 ((𝑥 + 𝑦) + 𝑧) = (𝑥 + (𝑦 + 𝑧)) ∧ (∃𝑙𝐵 (𝑙 + 𝑥) = 𝑦 ∧ ∃𝑟𝐵 (𝑥 + 𝑟) = 𝑦)) → 𝐺 ∈ SGrp))
3130exlimiv 2007 . . . . . 6 (∃𝑎 𝑎𝐵 → (∀𝑥𝐵𝑦𝐵 ((𝑥 + 𝑦) ∈ 𝐵 ∧ ∀𝑧𝐵 ((𝑥 + 𝑦) + 𝑧) = (𝑥 + (𝑦 + 𝑧)) ∧ (∃𝑙𝐵 (𝑙 + 𝑥) = 𝑦 ∧ ∃𝑟𝐵 (𝑥 + 𝑟) = 𝑦)) → 𝐺 ∈ SGrp))
3226, 31sylbi 207 . . . . 5 (𝐵 ≠ ∅ → (∀𝑥𝐵𝑦𝐵 ((𝑥 + 𝑦) ∈ 𝐵 ∧ ∀𝑧𝐵 ((𝑥 + 𝑦) + 𝑧) = (𝑥 + (𝑦 + 𝑧)) ∧ (∃𝑙𝐵 (𝑙 + 𝑥) = 𝑦 ∧ ∃𝑟𝐵 (𝑥 + 𝑟) = 𝑦)) → 𝐺 ∈ SGrp))
3332imp 444 . . . 4 ((𝐵 ≠ ∅ ∧ ∀𝑥𝐵𝑦𝐵 ((𝑥 + 𝑦) ∈ 𝐵 ∧ ∀𝑧𝐵 ((𝑥 + 𝑦) + 𝑧) = (𝑥 + (𝑦 + 𝑧)) ∧ (∃𝑙𝐵 (𝑙 + 𝑥) = 𝑦 ∧ ∃𝑟𝐵 (𝑥 + 𝑟) = 𝑦))) → 𝐺 ∈ SGrp)
34 simpl 474 . . . 4 ((𝐵 ≠ ∅ ∧ ∀𝑥𝐵𝑦𝐵 ((𝑥 + 𝑦) ∈ 𝐵 ∧ ∀𝑧𝐵 ((𝑥 + 𝑦) + 𝑧) = (𝑥 + (𝑦 + 𝑧)) ∧ (∃𝑙𝐵 (𝑙 + 𝑥) = 𝑦 ∧ ∃𝑟𝐵 (𝑥 + 𝑟) = 𝑦))) → 𝐵 ≠ ∅)
35 simp3 1133 . . . . . 6 (((𝑥 + 𝑦) ∈ 𝐵 ∧ ∀𝑧𝐵 ((𝑥 + 𝑦) + 𝑧) = (𝑥 + (𝑦 + 𝑧)) ∧ (∃𝑙𝐵 (𝑙 + 𝑥) = 𝑦 ∧ ∃𝑟𝐵 (𝑥 + 𝑟) = 𝑦)) → (∃𝑙𝐵 (𝑙 + 𝑥) = 𝑦 ∧ ∃𝑟𝐵 (𝑥 + 𝑟) = 𝑦))
36352ralimi 3091 . . . . 5 (∀𝑥𝐵𝑦𝐵 ((𝑥 + 𝑦) ∈ 𝐵 ∧ ∀𝑧𝐵 ((𝑥 + 𝑦) + 𝑧) = (𝑥 + (𝑦 + 𝑧)) ∧ (∃𝑙𝐵 (𝑙 + 𝑥) = 𝑦 ∧ ∃𝑟𝐵 (𝑥 + 𝑟) = 𝑦)) → ∀𝑥𝐵𝑦𝐵 (∃𝑙𝐵 (𝑙 + 𝑥) = 𝑦 ∧ ∃𝑟𝐵 (𝑥 + 𝑟) = 𝑦))
3736adantl 473 . . . 4 ((𝐵 ≠ ∅ ∧ ∀𝑥𝐵𝑦𝐵 ((𝑥 + 𝑦) ∈ 𝐵 ∧ ∀𝑧𝐵 ((𝑥 + 𝑦) + 𝑧) = (𝑥 + (𝑦 + 𝑧)) ∧ (∃𝑙𝐵 (𝑙 + 𝑥) = 𝑦 ∧ ∃𝑟𝐵 (𝑥 + 𝑟) = 𝑦))) → ∀𝑥𝐵𝑦𝐵 (∃𝑙𝐵 (𝑙 + 𝑥) = 𝑦 ∧ ∃𝑟𝐵 (𝑥 + 𝑟) = 𝑦))
3833, 34, 373jca 1123 . . 3 ((𝐵 ≠ ∅ ∧ ∀𝑥𝐵𝑦𝐵 ((𝑥 + 𝑦) ∈ 𝐵 ∧ ∀𝑧𝐵 ((𝑥 + 𝑦) + 𝑧) = (𝑥 + (𝑦 + 𝑧)) ∧ (∃𝑙𝐵 (𝑙 + 𝑥) = 𝑦 ∧ ∃𝑟𝐵 (𝑥 + 𝑟) = 𝑦))) → (𝐺 ∈ SGrp ∧ 𝐵 ≠ ∅ ∧ ∀𝑥𝐵𝑦𝐵 (∃𝑙𝐵 (𝑙 + 𝑥) = 𝑦 ∧ ∃𝑟𝐵 (𝑥 + 𝑟) = 𝑦)))
3925, 38impbii 199 . 2 ((𝐺 ∈ SGrp ∧ 𝐵 ≠ ∅ ∧ ∀𝑥𝐵𝑦𝐵 (∃𝑙𝐵 (𝑙 + 𝑥) = 𝑦 ∧ ∃𝑟𝐵 (𝑥 + 𝑟) = 𝑦)) ↔ (𝐵 ≠ ∅ ∧ ∀𝑥𝐵𝑦𝐵 ((𝑥 + 𝑦) ∈ 𝐵 ∧ ∀𝑧𝐵 ((𝑥 + 𝑦) + 𝑧) = (𝑥 + (𝑦 + 𝑧)) ∧ (∃𝑙𝐵 (𝑙 + 𝑥) = 𝑦 ∧ ∃𝑟𝐵 (𝑥 + 𝑟) = 𝑦))))
403, 39bitri 264 1 (𝐺 ∈ Grp ↔ (𝐵 ≠ ∅ ∧ ∀𝑥𝐵𝑦𝐵 ((𝑥 + 𝑦) ∈ 𝐵 ∧ ∀𝑧𝐵 ((𝑥 + 𝑦) + 𝑧) = (𝑥 + (𝑦 + 𝑧)) ∧ (∃𝑙𝐵 (𝑙 + 𝑥) = 𝑦 ∧ ∃𝑟𝐵 (𝑥 + 𝑟) = 𝑦))))
Colors of variables: wff setvar class
Syntax hints:  wi 4  wb 196  wa 383  w3a 1072   = wceq 1632  wex 1853  wcel 2139  wne 2932  wral 3050  wrex 3051  c0 4058  cfv 6049  (class class class)co 6813  Basecbs 16059  +gcplusg 16143  Mgmcmgm 17441  SGrpcsgrp 17484  Grpcgrp 17623
This theorem was proved from axioms:  ax-mp 5  ax-1 6  ax-2 7  ax-3 8  ax-gen 1871  ax-4 1886  ax-5 1988  ax-6 2054  ax-7 2090  ax-8 2141  ax-9 2148  ax-10 2168  ax-11 2183  ax-12 2196  ax-13 2391  ax-ext 2740  ax-rep 4923  ax-sep 4933  ax-nul 4941  ax-pow 4992  ax-pr 5055  ax-un 7114
This theorem depends on definitions:  df-bi 197  df-or 384  df-an 385  df-3an 1074  df-tru 1635  df-ex 1854  df-nf 1859  df-sb 2047  df-eu 2611  df-mo 2612  df-clab 2747  df-cleq 2753  df-clel 2756  df-nfc 2891  df-ne 2933  df-ral 3055  df-rex 3056  df-reu 3057  df-rmo 3058  df-rab 3059  df-v 3342  df-sbc 3577  df-csb 3675  df-dif 3718  df-un 3720  df-in 3722  df-ss 3729  df-nul 4059  df-if 4231  df-pw 4304  df-sn 4322  df-pr 4324  df-op 4328  df-uni 4589  df-iun 4674  df-br 4805  df-opab 4865  df-mpt 4882  df-id 5174  df-xp 5272  df-rel 5273  df-cnv 5274  df-co 5275  df-dm 5276  df-rn 5277  df-res 5278  df-ima 5279  df-iota 6012  df-fun 6051  df-fn 6052  df-f 6053  df-f1 6054  df-fo 6055  df-f1o 6056  df-fv 6057  df-riota 6774  df-ov 6816  df-oprab 6817  df-mpt2 6818  df-1st 7333  df-2nd 7334  df-0g 16304  df-mgm 17443  df-sgrp 17485  df-mnd 17496  df-grp 17626  df-minusg 17627  df-sbg 17628
This theorem is referenced by: (None)
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