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Theorem dgrsub2 38207
Description: Subtracting two polynomials with the same degree and top coefficient gives a polynomial of strictly lower degree. (Contributed by Stefan O'Rear, 25-Nov-2014.)
Hypothesis
Ref Expression
dgrsub2.a 𝑁 = (deg‘𝐹)
Assertion
Ref Expression
dgrsub2 (((𝐹 ∈ (Poly‘𝑆) ∧ 𝐺 ∈ (Poly‘𝑇)) ∧ ((deg‘𝐺) = 𝑁𝑁 ∈ ℕ ∧ ((coeff‘𝐹)‘𝑁) = ((coeff‘𝐺)‘𝑁))) → (deg‘(𝐹𝑓𝐺)) < 𝑁)

Proof of Theorem dgrsub2
StepHypRef Expression
1 simpr2 1236 . . 3 (((𝐹 ∈ (Poly‘𝑆) ∧ 𝐺 ∈ (Poly‘𝑇)) ∧ ((deg‘𝐺) = 𝑁𝑁 ∈ ℕ ∧ ((coeff‘𝐹)‘𝑁) = ((coeff‘𝐺)‘𝑁))) → 𝑁 ∈ ℕ)
2 dgr0 24217 . . . . 5 (deg‘0𝑝) = 0
3 nngt0 11241 . . . . 5 (𝑁 ∈ ℕ → 0 < 𝑁)
42, 3syl5eqbr 4839 . . . 4 (𝑁 ∈ ℕ → (deg‘0𝑝) < 𝑁)
5 fveq2 6352 . . . . 5 ((𝐹𝑓𝐺) = 0𝑝 → (deg‘(𝐹𝑓𝐺)) = (deg‘0𝑝))
65breq1d 4814 . . . 4 ((𝐹𝑓𝐺) = 0𝑝 → ((deg‘(𝐹𝑓𝐺)) < 𝑁 ↔ (deg‘0𝑝) < 𝑁))
74, 6syl5ibrcom 237 . . 3 (𝑁 ∈ ℕ → ((𝐹𝑓𝐺) = 0𝑝 → (deg‘(𝐹𝑓𝐺)) < 𝑁))
81, 7syl 17 . 2 (((𝐹 ∈ (Poly‘𝑆) ∧ 𝐺 ∈ (Poly‘𝑇)) ∧ ((deg‘𝐺) = 𝑁𝑁 ∈ ℕ ∧ ((coeff‘𝐹)‘𝑁) = ((coeff‘𝐺)‘𝑁))) → ((𝐹𝑓𝐺) = 0𝑝 → (deg‘(𝐹𝑓𝐺)) < 𝑁))
9 plyssc 24155 . . . . . . . 8 (Poly‘𝑆) ⊆ (Poly‘ℂ)
109sseli 3740 . . . . . . 7 (𝐹 ∈ (Poly‘𝑆) → 𝐹 ∈ (Poly‘ℂ))
11 plyssc 24155 . . . . . . . 8 (Poly‘𝑇) ⊆ (Poly‘ℂ)
1211sseli 3740 . . . . . . 7 (𝐺 ∈ (Poly‘𝑇) → 𝐺 ∈ (Poly‘ℂ))
13 eqid 2760 . . . . . . . 8 (deg‘𝐹) = (deg‘𝐹)
14 eqid 2760 . . . . . . . 8 (deg‘𝐺) = (deg‘𝐺)
1513, 14dgrsub 24227 . . . . . . 7 ((𝐹 ∈ (Poly‘ℂ) ∧ 𝐺 ∈ (Poly‘ℂ)) → (deg‘(𝐹𝑓𝐺)) ≤ if((deg‘𝐹) ≤ (deg‘𝐺), (deg‘𝐺), (deg‘𝐹)))
1610, 12, 15syl2an 495 . . . . . 6 ((𝐹 ∈ (Poly‘𝑆) ∧ 𝐺 ∈ (Poly‘𝑇)) → (deg‘(𝐹𝑓𝐺)) ≤ if((deg‘𝐹) ≤ (deg‘𝐺), (deg‘𝐺), (deg‘𝐹)))
1716adantr 472 . . . . 5 (((𝐹 ∈ (Poly‘𝑆) ∧ 𝐺 ∈ (Poly‘𝑇)) ∧ ((deg‘𝐺) = 𝑁𝑁 ∈ ℕ ∧ ((coeff‘𝐹)‘𝑁) = ((coeff‘𝐺)‘𝑁))) → (deg‘(𝐹𝑓𝐺)) ≤ if((deg‘𝐹) ≤ (deg‘𝐺), (deg‘𝐺), (deg‘𝐹)))
18 simpr1 1234 . . . . . . 7 (((𝐹 ∈ (Poly‘𝑆) ∧ 𝐺 ∈ (Poly‘𝑇)) ∧ ((deg‘𝐺) = 𝑁𝑁 ∈ ℕ ∧ ((coeff‘𝐹)‘𝑁) = ((coeff‘𝐺)‘𝑁))) → (deg‘𝐺) = 𝑁)
19 dgrsub2.a . . . . . . . . 9 𝑁 = (deg‘𝐹)
2019eqcomi 2769 . . . . . . . 8 (deg‘𝐹) = 𝑁
2120a1i 11 . . . . . . 7 (((𝐹 ∈ (Poly‘𝑆) ∧ 𝐺 ∈ (Poly‘𝑇)) ∧ ((deg‘𝐺) = 𝑁𝑁 ∈ ℕ ∧ ((coeff‘𝐹)‘𝑁) = ((coeff‘𝐺)‘𝑁))) → (deg‘𝐹) = 𝑁)
2218, 21ifeq12d 4250 . . . . . 6 (((𝐹 ∈ (Poly‘𝑆) ∧ 𝐺 ∈ (Poly‘𝑇)) ∧ ((deg‘𝐺) = 𝑁𝑁 ∈ ℕ ∧ ((coeff‘𝐹)‘𝑁) = ((coeff‘𝐺)‘𝑁))) → if((deg‘𝐹) ≤ (deg‘𝐺), (deg‘𝐺), (deg‘𝐹)) = if((deg‘𝐹) ≤ (deg‘𝐺), 𝑁, 𝑁))
23 ifid 4269 . . . . . 6 if((deg‘𝐹) ≤ (deg‘𝐺), 𝑁, 𝑁) = 𝑁
2422, 23syl6eq 2810 . . . . 5 (((𝐹 ∈ (Poly‘𝑆) ∧ 𝐺 ∈ (Poly‘𝑇)) ∧ ((deg‘𝐺) = 𝑁𝑁 ∈ ℕ ∧ ((coeff‘𝐹)‘𝑁) = ((coeff‘𝐺)‘𝑁))) → if((deg‘𝐹) ≤ (deg‘𝐺), (deg‘𝐺), (deg‘𝐹)) = 𝑁)
2517, 24breqtrd 4830 . . . 4 (((𝐹 ∈ (Poly‘𝑆) ∧ 𝐺 ∈ (Poly‘𝑇)) ∧ ((deg‘𝐺) = 𝑁𝑁 ∈ ℕ ∧ ((coeff‘𝐹)‘𝑁) = ((coeff‘𝐺)‘𝑁))) → (deg‘(𝐹𝑓𝐺)) ≤ 𝑁)
26 eqid 2760 . . . . . . . . 9 (coeff‘𝐹) = (coeff‘𝐹)
27 eqid 2760 . . . . . . . . 9 (coeff‘𝐺) = (coeff‘𝐺)
2826, 27coesub 24212 . . . . . . . 8 ((𝐹 ∈ (Poly‘ℂ) ∧ 𝐺 ∈ (Poly‘ℂ)) → (coeff‘(𝐹𝑓𝐺)) = ((coeff‘𝐹) ∘𝑓 − (coeff‘𝐺)))
2910, 12, 28syl2an 495 . . . . . . 7 ((𝐹 ∈ (Poly‘𝑆) ∧ 𝐺 ∈ (Poly‘𝑇)) → (coeff‘(𝐹𝑓𝐺)) = ((coeff‘𝐹) ∘𝑓 − (coeff‘𝐺)))
3029adantr 472 . . . . . 6 (((𝐹 ∈ (Poly‘𝑆) ∧ 𝐺 ∈ (Poly‘𝑇)) ∧ ((deg‘𝐺) = 𝑁𝑁 ∈ ℕ ∧ ((coeff‘𝐹)‘𝑁) = ((coeff‘𝐺)‘𝑁))) → (coeff‘(𝐹𝑓𝐺)) = ((coeff‘𝐹) ∘𝑓 − (coeff‘𝐺)))
3130fveq1d 6354 . . . . 5 (((𝐹 ∈ (Poly‘𝑆) ∧ 𝐺 ∈ (Poly‘𝑇)) ∧ ((deg‘𝐺) = 𝑁𝑁 ∈ ℕ ∧ ((coeff‘𝐹)‘𝑁) = ((coeff‘𝐺)‘𝑁))) → ((coeff‘(𝐹𝑓𝐺))‘𝑁) = (((coeff‘𝐹) ∘𝑓 − (coeff‘𝐺))‘𝑁))
321nnnn0d 11543 . . . . . 6 (((𝐹 ∈ (Poly‘𝑆) ∧ 𝐺 ∈ (Poly‘𝑇)) ∧ ((deg‘𝐺) = 𝑁𝑁 ∈ ℕ ∧ ((coeff‘𝐹)‘𝑁) = ((coeff‘𝐺)‘𝑁))) → 𝑁 ∈ ℕ0)
3326coef3 24187 . . . . . . . . 9 (𝐹 ∈ (Poly‘𝑆) → (coeff‘𝐹):ℕ0⟶ℂ)
3433ad2antrr 764 . . . . . . . 8 (((𝐹 ∈ (Poly‘𝑆) ∧ 𝐺 ∈ (Poly‘𝑇)) ∧ ((deg‘𝐺) = 𝑁𝑁 ∈ ℕ ∧ ((coeff‘𝐹)‘𝑁) = ((coeff‘𝐺)‘𝑁))) → (coeff‘𝐹):ℕ0⟶ℂ)
35 ffn 6206 . . . . . . . 8 ((coeff‘𝐹):ℕ0⟶ℂ → (coeff‘𝐹) Fn ℕ0)
3634, 35syl 17 . . . . . . 7 (((𝐹 ∈ (Poly‘𝑆) ∧ 𝐺 ∈ (Poly‘𝑇)) ∧ ((deg‘𝐺) = 𝑁𝑁 ∈ ℕ ∧ ((coeff‘𝐹)‘𝑁) = ((coeff‘𝐺)‘𝑁))) → (coeff‘𝐹) Fn ℕ0)
3727coef3 24187 . . . . . . . . 9 (𝐺 ∈ (Poly‘𝑇) → (coeff‘𝐺):ℕ0⟶ℂ)
3837ad2antlr 765 . . . . . . . 8 (((𝐹 ∈ (Poly‘𝑆) ∧ 𝐺 ∈ (Poly‘𝑇)) ∧ ((deg‘𝐺) = 𝑁𝑁 ∈ ℕ ∧ ((coeff‘𝐹)‘𝑁) = ((coeff‘𝐺)‘𝑁))) → (coeff‘𝐺):ℕ0⟶ℂ)
39 ffn 6206 . . . . . . . 8 ((coeff‘𝐺):ℕ0⟶ℂ → (coeff‘𝐺) Fn ℕ0)
4038, 39syl 17 . . . . . . 7 (((𝐹 ∈ (Poly‘𝑆) ∧ 𝐺 ∈ (Poly‘𝑇)) ∧ ((deg‘𝐺) = 𝑁𝑁 ∈ ℕ ∧ ((coeff‘𝐹)‘𝑁) = ((coeff‘𝐺)‘𝑁))) → (coeff‘𝐺) Fn ℕ0)
41 nn0ex 11490 . . . . . . . 8 0 ∈ V
4241a1i 11 . . . . . . 7 (((𝐹 ∈ (Poly‘𝑆) ∧ 𝐺 ∈ (Poly‘𝑇)) ∧ ((deg‘𝐺) = 𝑁𝑁 ∈ ℕ ∧ ((coeff‘𝐹)‘𝑁) = ((coeff‘𝐺)‘𝑁))) → ℕ0 ∈ V)
43 inidm 3965 . . . . . . 7 (ℕ0 ∩ ℕ0) = ℕ0
44 simplr3 1265 . . . . . . 7 ((((𝐹 ∈ (Poly‘𝑆) ∧ 𝐺 ∈ (Poly‘𝑇)) ∧ ((deg‘𝐺) = 𝑁𝑁 ∈ ℕ ∧ ((coeff‘𝐹)‘𝑁) = ((coeff‘𝐺)‘𝑁))) ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℕ0) → ((coeff‘𝐹)‘𝑁) = ((coeff‘𝐺)‘𝑁))
45 eqidd 2761 . . . . . . 7 ((((𝐹 ∈ (Poly‘𝑆) ∧ 𝐺 ∈ (Poly‘𝑇)) ∧ ((deg‘𝐺) = 𝑁𝑁 ∈ ℕ ∧ ((coeff‘𝐹)‘𝑁) = ((coeff‘𝐺)‘𝑁))) ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℕ0) → ((coeff‘𝐺)‘𝑁) = ((coeff‘𝐺)‘𝑁))
4636, 40, 42, 42, 43, 44, 45ofval 7071 . . . . . 6 ((((𝐹 ∈ (Poly‘𝑆) ∧ 𝐺 ∈ (Poly‘𝑇)) ∧ ((deg‘𝐺) = 𝑁𝑁 ∈ ℕ ∧ ((coeff‘𝐹)‘𝑁) = ((coeff‘𝐺)‘𝑁))) ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℕ0) → (((coeff‘𝐹) ∘𝑓 − (coeff‘𝐺))‘𝑁) = (((coeff‘𝐺)‘𝑁) − ((coeff‘𝐺)‘𝑁)))
4732, 46mpdan 705 . . . . 5 (((𝐹 ∈ (Poly‘𝑆) ∧ 𝐺 ∈ (Poly‘𝑇)) ∧ ((deg‘𝐺) = 𝑁𝑁 ∈ ℕ ∧ ((coeff‘𝐹)‘𝑁) = ((coeff‘𝐺)‘𝑁))) → (((coeff‘𝐹) ∘𝑓 − (coeff‘𝐺))‘𝑁) = (((coeff‘𝐺)‘𝑁) − ((coeff‘𝐺)‘𝑁)))
4838, 32ffvelrnd 6523 . . . . . 6 (((𝐹 ∈ (Poly‘𝑆) ∧ 𝐺 ∈ (Poly‘𝑇)) ∧ ((deg‘𝐺) = 𝑁𝑁 ∈ ℕ ∧ ((coeff‘𝐹)‘𝑁) = ((coeff‘𝐺)‘𝑁))) → ((coeff‘𝐺)‘𝑁) ∈ ℂ)
4948subidd 10572 . . . . 5 (((𝐹 ∈ (Poly‘𝑆) ∧ 𝐺 ∈ (Poly‘𝑇)) ∧ ((deg‘𝐺) = 𝑁𝑁 ∈ ℕ ∧ ((coeff‘𝐹)‘𝑁) = ((coeff‘𝐺)‘𝑁))) → (((coeff‘𝐺)‘𝑁) − ((coeff‘𝐺)‘𝑁)) = 0)
5031, 47, 493eqtrd 2798 . . . 4 (((𝐹 ∈ (Poly‘𝑆) ∧ 𝐺 ∈ (Poly‘𝑇)) ∧ ((deg‘𝐺) = 𝑁𝑁 ∈ ℕ ∧ ((coeff‘𝐹)‘𝑁) = ((coeff‘𝐺)‘𝑁))) → ((coeff‘(𝐹𝑓𝐺))‘𝑁) = 0)
51 plysubcl 24177 . . . . . . 7 ((𝐹 ∈ (Poly‘ℂ) ∧ 𝐺 ∈ (Poly‘ℂ)) → (𝐹𝑓𝐺) ∈ (Poly‘ℂ))
5210, 12, 51syl2an 495 . . . . . 6 ((𝐹 ∈ (Poly‘𝑆) ∧ 𝐺 ∈ (Poly‘𝑇)) → (𝐹𝑓𝐺) ∈ (Poly‘ℂ))
5352adantr 472 . . . . 5 (((𝐹 ∈ (Poly‘𝑆) ∧ 𝐺 ∈ (Poly‘𝑇)) ∧ ((deg‘𝐺) = 𝑁𝑁 ∈ ℕ ∧ ((coeff‘𝐹)‘𝑁) = ((coeff‘𝐺)‘𝑁))) → (𝐹𝑓𝐺) ∈ (Poly‘ℂ))
54 eqid 2760 . . . . . 6 (deg‘(𝐹𝑓𝐺)) = (deg‘(𝐹𝑓𝐺))
55 eqid 2760 . . . . . 6 (coeff‘(𝐹𝑓𝐺)) = (coeff‘(𝐹𝑓𝐺))
5654, 55dgrlt 24221 . . . . 5 (((𝐹𝑓𝐺) ∈ (Poly‘ℂ) ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℕ0) → (((𝐹𝑓𝐺) = 0𝑝 ∨ (deg‘(𝐹𝑓𝐺)) < 𝑁) ↔ ((deg‘(𝐹𝑓𝐺)) ≤ 𝑁 ∧ ((coeff‘(𝐹𝑓𝐺))‘𝑁) = 0)))
5753, 32, 56syl2anc 696 . . . 4 (((𝐹 ∈ (Poly‘𝑆) ∧ 𝐺 ∈ (Poly‘𝑇)) ∧ ((deg‘𝐺) = 𝑁𝑁 ∈ ℕ ∧ ((coeff‘𝐹)‘𝑁) = ((coeff‘𝐺)‘𝑁))) → (((𝐹𝑓𝐺) = 0𝑝 ∨ (deg‘(𝐹𝑓𝐺)) < 𝑁) ↔ ((deg‘(𝐹𝑓𝐺)) ≤ 𝑁 ∧ ((coeff‘(𝐹𝑓𝐺))‘𝑁) = 0)))
5825, 50, 57mpbir2and 995 . . 3 (((𝐹 ∈ (Poly‘𝑆) ∧ 𝐺 ∈ (Poly‘𝑇)) ∧ ((deg‘𝐺) = 𝑁𝑁 ∈ ℕ ∧ ((coeff‘𝐹)‘𝑁) = ((coeff‘𝐺)‘𝑁))) → ((𝐹𝑓𝐺) = 0𝑝 ∨ (deg‘(𝐹𝑓𝐺)) < 𝑁))
5958ord 391 . 2 (((𝐹 ∈ (Poly‘𝑆) ∧ 𝐺 ∈ (Poly‘𝑇)) ∧ ((deg‘𝐺) = 𝑁𝑁 ∈ ℕ ∧ ((coeff‘𝐹)‘𝑁) = ((coeff‘𝐺)‘𝑁))) → (¬ (𝐹𝑓𝐺) = 0𝑝 → (deg‘(𝐹𝑓𝐺)) < 𝑁))
608, 59pm2.61d 170 1 (((𝐹 ∈ (Poly‘𝑆) ∧ 𝐺 ∈ (Poly‘𝑇)) ∧ ((deg‘𝐺) = 𝑁𝑁 ∈ ℕ ∧ ((coeff‘𝐹)‘𝑁) = ((coeff‘𝐺)‘𝑁))) → (deg‘(𝐹𝑓𝐺)) < 𝑁)
Colors of variables: wff setvar class
Syntax hints:  wi 4  wb 196  wo 382  wa 383  w3a 1072   = wceq 1632  wcel 2139  Vcvv 3340  ifcif 4230   class class class wbr 4804   Fn wfn 6044  wf 6045  cfv 6049  (class class class)co 6813  𝑓 cof 7060  cc 10126  0cc0 10128   < clt 10266  cle 10267  cmin 10458  cn 11212  0cn0 11484  0𝑝c0p 23635  Polycply 24139  coeffccoe 24141  degcdgr 24142
This theorem was proved from axioms:  ax-mp 5  ax-1 6  ax-2 7  ax-3 8  ax-gen 1871  ax-4 1886  ax-5 1988  ax-6 2054  ax-7 2090  ax-8 2141  ax-9 2148  ax-10 2168  ax-11 2183  ax-12 2196  ax-13 2391  ax-ext 2740  ax-rep 4923  ax-sep 4933  ax-nul 4941  ax-pow 4992  ax-pr 5055  ax-un 7114  ax-inf2 8711  ax-cnex 10184  ax-resscn 10185  ax-1cn 10186  ax-icn 10187  ax-addcl 10188  ax-addrcl 10189  ax-mulcl 10190  ax-mulrcl 10191  ax-mulcom 10192  ax-addass 10193  ax-mulass 10194  ax-distr 10195  ax-i2m1 10196  ax-1ne0 10197  ax-1rid 10198  ax-rnegex 10199  ax-rrecex 10200  ax-cnre 10201  ax-pre-lttri 10202  ax-pre-lttrn 10203  ax-pre-ltadd 10204  ax-pre-mulgt0 10205  ax-pre-sup 10206  ax-addf 10207
This theorem depends on definitions:  df-bi 197  df-or 384  df-an 385  df-3or 1073  df-3an 1074  df-tru 1635  df-fal 1638  df-ex 1854  df-nf 1859  df-sb 2047  df-eu 2611  df-mo 2612  df-clab 2747  df-cleq 2753  df-clel 2756  df-nfc 2891  df-ne 2933  df-nel 3036  df-ral 3055  df-rex 3056  df-reu 3057  df-rmo 3058  df-rab 3059  df-v 3342  df-sbc 3577  df-csb 3675  df-dif 3718  df-un 3720  df-in 3722  df-ss 3729  df-pss 3731  df-nul 4059  df-if 4231  df-pw 4304  df-sn 4322  df-pr 4324  df-tp 4326  df-op 4328  df-uni 4589  df-int 4628  df-iun 4674  df-br 4805  df-opab 4865  df-mpt 4882  df-tr 4905  df-id 5174  df-eprel 5179  df-po 5187  df-so 5188  df-fr 5225  df-se 5226  df-we 5227  df-xp 5272  df-rel 5273  df-cnv 5274  df-co 5275  df-dm 5276  df-rn 5277  df-res 5278  df-ima 5279  df-pred 5841  df-ord 5887  df-on 5888  df-lim 5889  df-suc 5890  df-iota 6012  df-fun 6051  df-fn 6052  df-f 6053  df-f1 6054  df-fo 6055  df-f1o 6056  df-fv 6057  df-isom 6058  df-riota 6774  df-ov 6816  df-oprab 6817  df-mpt2 6818  df-of 7062  df-om 7231  df-1st 7333  df-2nd 7334  df-wrecs 7576  df-recs 7637  df-rdg 7675  df-1o 7729  df-oadd 7733  df-er 7911  df-map 8025  df-pm 8026  df-en 8122  df-dom 8123  df-sdom 8124  df-fin 8125  df-sup 8513  df-inf 8514  df-oi 8580  df-card 8955  df-pnf 10268  df-mnf 10269  df-xr 10270  df-ltxr 10271  df-le 10272  df-sub 10460  df-neg 10461  df-div 10877  df-nn 11213  df-2 11271  df-3 11272  df-n0 11485  df-z 11570  df-uz 11880  df-rp 12026  df-fz 12520  df-fzo 12660  df-fl 12787  df-seq 12996  df-exp 13055  df-hash 13312  df-cj 14038  df-re 14039  df-im 14040  df-sqrt 14174  df-abs 14175  df-clim 14418  df-rlim 14419  df-sum 14616  df-0p 23636  df-ply 24143  df-coe 24145  df-dgr 24146
This theorem is referenced by:  mpaaeu  38222
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