MPE Home Metamath Proof Explorer < Previous   Next >
Nearby theorems
Mirrors  >  Home  >  MPE Home  >  Th. List  >  ertr Structured version   Visualization version   GIF version

Theorem ertr 7702
Description: An equivalence relation is transitive. (Contributed by NM, 4-Jun-1995.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 12-Aug-2015.)
Hypothesis
Ref Expression
ersymb.1 (𝜑𝑅 Er 𝑋)
Assertion
Ref Expression
ertr (𝜑 → ((𝐴𝑅𝐵𝐵𝑅𝐶) → 𝐴𝑅𝐶))

Proof of Theorem ertr
Dummy variable 𝑥 is distinct from all other variables.
StepHypRef Expression
1 ersymb.1 . . . . . . 7 (𝜑𝑅 Er 𝑋)
2 errel 7696 . . . . . . 7 (𝑅 Er 𝑋 → Rel 𝑅)
31, 2syl 17 . . . . . 6 (𝜑 → Rel 𝑅)
4 simpr 477 . . . . . 6 ((𝐴𝑅𝐵𝐵𝑅𝐶) → 𝐵𝑅𝐶)
5 brrelex 5116 . . . . . 6 ((Rel 𝑅𝐵𝑅𝐶) → 𝐵 ∈ V)
63, 4, 5syl2an 494 . . . . 5 ((𝜑 ∧ (𝐴𝑅𝐵𝐵𝑅𝐶)) → 𝐵 ∈ V)
7 simpr 477 . . . . 5 ((𝜑 ∧ (𝐴𝑅𝐵𝐵𝑅𝐶)) → (𝐴𝑅𝐵𝐵𝑅𝐶))
8 breq2 4617 . . . . . . 7 (𝑥 = 𝐵 → (𝐴𝑅𝑥𝐴𝑅𝐵))
9 breq1 4616 . . . . . . 7 (𝑥 = 𝐵 → (𝑥𝑅𝐶𝐵𝑅𝐶))
108, 9anbi12d 746 . . . . . 6 (𝑥 = 𝐵 → ((𝐴𝑅𝑥𝑥𝑅𝐶) ↔ (𝐴𝑅𝐵𝐵𝑅𝐶)))
1110spcegv 3280 . . . . 5 (𝐵 ∈ V → ((𝐴𝑅𝐵𝐵𝑅𝐶) → ∃𝑥(𝐴𝑅𝑥𝑥𝑅𝐶)))
126, 7, 11sylc 65 . . . 4 ((𝜑 ∧ (𝐴𝑅𝐵𝐵𝑅𝐶)) → ∃𝑥(𝐴𝑅𝑥𝑥𝑅𝐶))
13 simpl 473 . . . . . 6 ((𝐴𝑅𝐵𝐵𝑅𝐶) → 𝐴𝑅𝐵)
14 brrelex 5116 . . . . . 6 ((Rel 𝑅𝐴𝑅𝐵) → 𝐴 ∈ V)
153, 13, 14syl2an 494 . . . . 5 ((𝜑 ∧ (𝐴𝑅𝐵𝐵𝑅𝐶)) → 𝐴 ∈ V)
16 brrelex2 5117 . . . . . 6 ((Rel 𝑅𝐵𝑅𝐶) → 𝐶 ∈ V)
173, 4, 16syl2an 494 . . . . 5 ((𝜑 ∧ (𝐴𝑅𝐵𝐵𝑅𝐶)) → 𝐶 ∈ V)
18 brcog 5248 . . . . 5 ((𝐴 ∈ V ∧ 𝐶 ∈ V) → (𝐴(𝑅𝑅)𝐶 ↔ ∃𝑥(𝐴𝑅𝑥𝑥𝑅𝐶)))
1915, 17, 18syl2anc 692 . . . 4 ((𝜑 ∧ (𝐴𝑅𝐵𝐵𝑅𝐶)) → (𝐴(𝑅𝑅)𝐶 ↔ ∃𝑥(𝐴𝑅𝑥𝑥𝑅𝐶)))
2012, 19mpbird 247 . . 3 ((𝜑 ∧ (𝐴𝑅𝐵𝐵𝑅𝐶)) → 𝐴(𝑅𝑅)𝐶)
2120ex 450 . 2 (𝜑 → ((𝐴𝑅𝐵𝐵𝑅𝐶) → 𝐴(𝑅𝑅)𝐶))
22 df-er 7687 . . . . . 6 (𝑅 Er 𝑋 ↔ (Rel 𝑅 ∧ dom 𝑅 = 𝑋 ∧ (𝑅 ∪ (𝑅𝑅)) ⊆ 𝑅))
2322simp3bi 1076 . . . . 5 (𝑅 Er 𝑋 → (𝑅 ∪ (𝑅𝑅)) ⊆ 𝑅)
241, 23syl 17 . . . 4 (𝜑 → (𝑅 ∪ (𝑅𝑅)) ⊆ 𝑅)
2524unssbd 3769 . . 3 (𝜑 → (𝑅𝑅) ⊆ 𝑅)
2625ssbrd 4656 . 2 (𝜑 → (𝐴(𝑅𝑅)𝐶𝐴𝑅𝐶))
2721, 26syld 47 1 (𝜑 → ((𝐴𝑅𝐵𝐵𝑅𝐶) → 𝐴𝑅𝐶))
Colors of variables: wff setvar class
Syntax hints:  wi 4  wb 196  wa 384   = wceq 1480  wex 1701  wcel 1987  Vcvv 3186  cun 3553  wss 3555   class class class wbr 4613  ccnv 5073  dom cdm 5074  ccom 5078  Rel wrel 5079   Er wer 7684
This theorem was proved from axioms:  ax-mp 5  ax-1 6  ax-2 7  ax-3 8  ax-gen 1719  ax-4 1734  ax-5 1836  ax-6 1885  ax-7 1932  ax-9 1996  ax-10 2016  ax-11 2031  ax-12 2044  ax-13 2245  ax-ext 2601  ax-sep 4741  ax-nul 4749  ax-pr 4867
This theorem depends on definitions:  df-bi 197  df-or 385  df-an 386  df-3an 1038  df-tru 1483  df-ex 1702  df-nf 1707  df-sb 1878  df-eu 2473  df-mo 2474  df-clab 2608  df-cleq 2614  df-clel 2617  df-nfc 2750  df-ral 2912  df-rex 2913  df-rab 2916  df-v 3188  df-dif 3558  df-un 3560  df-in 3562  df-ss 3569  df-nul 3892  df-if 4059  df-sn 4149  df-pr 4151  df-op 4155  df-br 4614  df-opab 4674  df-xp 5080  df-rel 5081  df-co 5083  df-er 7687
This theorem is referenced by:  ertrd  7703  erth  7736  iiner  7764  entr  7952  efginvrel2  18061  efgsrel  18068
  Copyright terms: Public domain W3C validator