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Theorem ex-natded9.26 27143
Description: Theorem 9.26 of [Clemente] p. 45, translated line by line using an interpretation of natural deduction in Metamath. This proof has some additional complications due to the fact that Metamath's existential elimination rule does not change bound variables, so we need to verify that 𝑥 is bound in the conclusion. For information about ND and Metamath, see the page on Deduction Form and Natural Deduction in Metamath Proof Explorer. The original proof, which uses Fitch style, was written as follows (the leading "..." shows an embedded ND hypothesis, beginning with the initial assumption of the ND hypothesis):
#MPE#ND Expression MPE TranslationND Rationale MPE Rationale
13 𝑥𝑦𝜓(𝑥, 𝑦) (𝜑 → ∃𝑥𝑦𝜓) Given $e.
26 ...| 𝑦𝜓(𝑥, 𝑦) ((𝜑 ∧ ∀𝑦𝜓) → ∀𝑦𝜓) ND hypothesis assumption simpr 477. Later statements will have this scope.
37;5,4 ... 𝜓(𝑥, 𝑦) ((𝜑 ∧ ∀𝑦𝜓) → 𝜓) E 2,y spsbcd 3435 (E), 5,6. To use it we need a1i 11 and vex 3192. This could be immediately done with 19.21bi 2057, but we want to show the general approach for substitution.
412;8,9,10,11 ... 𝑥𝜓(𝑥, 𝑦) ((𝜑 ∧ ∀𝑦𝜓) → ∃𝑥𝜓) I 3,a spesbcd 3507 (I), 11. To use it we need sylibr 224, which in turn requires sylib 208 and two uses of sbcid 3438. This could be more immediately done using 19.8a 2049, but we want to show the general approach for substitution.
513;1,2 𝑥𝜓(𝑥, 𝑦) (𝜑 → ∃𝑥𝜓) E 1,2,4,a exlimdd 2086 (E), 1,2,3,12. We'll need supporting assertions that the variable is free (not bound), as provided in nfv 1840 and nfe1 2024 (MPE# 1,2)
614 𝑦𝑥𝜓(𝑥, 𝑦) (𝜑 → ∀𝑦𝑥𝜓) I 5 alrimiv 1852 (I), 13

The original used Latin letters for predicates; we have replaced them with Greek letters to follow Metamath naming conventions and so that it is easier to follow the Metamath translation. The Metamath line-for-line translation of this natural deduction approach precedes every line with an antecedent including 𝜑 and uses the Metamath equivalents of the natural deduction rules. Below is the final metamath proof (which reorders some steps).

Note that in the original proof, 𝜓(𝑥, 𝑦) has explicit parameters. In Metamath, these parameters are always implicit, and the parameters upon which a wff variable can depend are recorded in the "allowed substitution hints" below.

A much more efficient proof, using more of Metamath and MPE's capabilities, is shown in ex-natded9.26-2 27144.

(Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 9-Feb-2017.) (Revised by David A. Wheeler, 18-Feb-2017.) (Proof modification is discouraged.) (New usage is discouraged.)

Hypothesis
Ref Expression
ex-natded9.26.1 (𝜑 → ∃𝑥𝑦𝜓)
Assertion
Ref Expression
ex-natded9.26 (𝜑 → ∀𝑦𝑥𝜓)
Distinct variable group:   𝑥,𝑦,𝜑
Allowed substitution hints:   𝜓(𝑥,𝑦)

Proof of Theorem ex-natded9.26
StepHypRef Expression
1 nfv 1840 . . 3 𝑥𝜑
2 nfe1 2024 . . 3 𝑥𝑥𝜓
3 ex-natded9.26.1 . . 3 (𝜑 → ∃𝑥𝑦𝜓)
4 vex 3192 . . . . . . . 8 𝑦 ∈ V
54a1i 11 . . . . . . 7 ((𝜑 ∧ ∀𝑦𝜓) → 𝑦 ∈ V)
6 simpr 477 . . . . . . 7 ((𝜑 ∧ ∀𝑦𝜓) → ∀𝑦𝜓)
75, 6spsbcd 3435 . . . . . 6 ((𝜑 ∧ ∀𝑦𝜓) → [𝑦 / 𝑦]𝜓)
8 sbcid 3438 . . . . . 6 ([𝑦 / 𝑦]𝜓𝜓)
97, 8sylib 208 . . . . 5 ((𝜑 ∧ ∀𝑦𝜓) → 𝜓)
10 sbcid 3438 . . . . 5 ([𝑥 / 𝑥]𝜓𝜓)
119, 10sylibr 224 . . . 4 ((𝜑 ∧ ∀𝑦𝜓) → [𝑥 / 𝑥]𝜓)
1211spesbcd 3507 . . 3 ((𝜑 ∧ ∀𝑦𝜓) → ∃𝑥𝜓)
131, 2, 3, 12exlimdd 2086 . 2 (𝜑 → ∃𝑥𝜓)
1413alrimiv 1852 1 (𝜑 → ∀𝑦𝑥𝜓)
Colors of variables: wff setvar class
Syntax hints:  wi 4  wa 384  wal 1478  wex 1701  wcel 1987  Vcvv 3189  [wsbc 3421
This theorem was proved from axioms:  ax-mp 5  ax-1 6  ax-2 7  ax-3 8  ax-gen 1719  ax-4 1734  ax-5 1836  ax-6 1885  ax-7 1932  ax-9 1996  ax-10 2016  ax-11 2031  ax-12 2044  ax-13 2245  ax-ext 2601
This theorem depends on definitions:  df-bi 197  df-or 385  df-an 386  df-tru 1483  df-ex 1702  df-nf 1707  df-sb 1878  df-clab 2608  df-cleq 2614  df-clel 2617  df-nfc 2750  df-ral 2912  df-rex 2913  df-v 3191  df-sbc 3422
This theorem is referenced by: (None)
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