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Theorem fwddifnval 31243
Description: The value of the forward difference operator at a point. (Contributed by Scott Fenton, 28-May-2020.)
Hypotheses
Ref Expression
fwddifnval.1 (𝜑𝑁 ∈ ℕ0)
fwddifnval.2 (𝜑𝐴 ⊆ ℂ)
fwddifnval.3 (𝜑𝐹:𝐴⟶ℂ)
fwddifnval.4 (𝜑𝑋 ∈ ℂ)
fwddifnval.5 ((𝜑𝑘 ∈ (0...𝑁)) → (𝑋 + 𝑘) ∈ 𝐴)
Assertion
Ref Expression
fwddifnval (𝜑 → ((𝑁n 𝐹)‘𝑋) = Σ𝑘 ∈ (0...𝑁)((𝑁C𝑘) · ((-1↑(𝑁𝑘)) · (𝐹‘(𝑋 + 𝑘)))))
Distinct variable groups:   𝑘,𝑁   𝐴,𝑘   𝑘,𝑋   𝑘,𝐹   𝜑,𝑘

Proof of Theorem fwddifnval
Dummy variables 𝑛 𝑓 𝑥 𝑦 are mutually distinct and distinct from all other variables.
StepHypRef Expression
1 df-fwddifn 31241 . . . 4 n = (𝑛 ∈ ℕ0, 𝑓 ∈ (ℂ ↑pm ℂ) ↦ (𝑥 ∈ {𝑦 ∈ ℂ ∣ ∀𝑘 ∈ (0...𝑛)(𝑦 + 𝑘) ∈ dom 𝑓} ↦ Σ𝑘 ∈ (0...𝑛)((𝑛C𝑘) · ((-1↑(𝑛𝑘)) · (𝑓‘(𝑥 + 𝑘))))))
21a1i 11 . . 3 (𝜑 → △n = (𝑛 ∈ ℕ0, 𝑓 ∈ (ℂ ↑pm ℂ) ↦ (𝑥 ∈ {𝑦 ∈ ℂ ∣ ∀𝑘 ∈ (0...𝑛)(𝑦 + 𝑘) ∈ dom 𝑓} ↦ Σ𝑘 ∈ (0...𝑛)((𝑛C𝑘) · ((-1↑(𝑛𝑘)) · (𝑓‘(𝑥 + 𝑘)))))))
3 oveq2 6532 . . . . . . . 8 (𝑛 = 𝑁 → (0...𝑛) = (0...𝑁))
43adantr 479 . . . . . . 7 ((𝑛 = 𝑁𝑓 = 𝐹) → (0...𝑛) = (0...𝑁))
5 dmeq 5230 . . . . . . . . 9 (𝑓 = 𝐹 → dom 𝑓 = dom 𝐹)
65eleq2d 2669 . . . . . . . 8 (𝑓 = 𝐹 → ((𝑦 + 𝑘) ∈ dom 𝑓 ↔ (𝑦 + 𝑘) ∈ dom 𝐹))
76adantl 480 . . . . . . 7 ((𝑛 = 𝑁𝑓 = 𝐹) → ((𝑦 + 𝑘) ∈ dom 𝑓 ↔ (𝑦 + 𝑘) ∈ dom 𝐹))
84, 7raleqbidv 3125 . . . . . 6 ((𝑛 = 𝑁𝑓 = 𝐹) → (∀𝑘 ∈ (0...𝑛)(𝑦 + 𝑘) ∈ dom 𝑓 ↔ ∀𝑘 ∈ (0...𝑁)(𝑦 + 𝑘) ∈ dom 𝐹))
98rabbidv 3160 . . . . 5 ((𝑛 = 𝑁𝑓 = 𝐹) → {𝑦 ∈ ℂ ∣ ∀𝑘 ∈ (0...𝑛)(𝑦 + 𝑘) ∈ dom 𝑓} = {𝑦 ∈ ℂ ∣ ∀𝑘 ∈ (0...𝑁)(𝑦 + 𝑘) ∈ dom 𝐹})
10 oveq1 6531 . . . . . . . . 9 (𝑛 = 𝑁 → (𝑛C𝑘) = (𝑁C𝑘))
1110adantr 479 . . . . . . . 8 ((𝑛 = 𝑁𝑓 = 𝐹) → (𝑛C𝑘) = (𝑁C𝑘))
12 oveq1 6531 . . . . . . . . . 10 (𝑛 = 𝑁 → (𝑛𝑘) = (𝑁𝑘))
1312oveq2d 6540 . . . . . . . . 9 (𝑛 = 𝑁 → (-1↑(𝑛𝑘)) = (-1↑(𝑁𝑘)))
14 fveq1 6084 . . . . . . . . 9 (𝑓 = 𝐹 → (𝑓‘(𝑥 + 𝑘)) = (𝐹‘(𝑥 + 𝑘)))
1513, 14oveqan12d 6543 . . . . . . . 8 ((𝑛 = 𝑁𝑓 = 𝐹) → ((-1↑(𝑛𝑘)) · (𝑓‘(𝑥 + 𝑘))) = ((-1↑(𝑁𝑘)) · (𝐹‘(𝑥 + 𝑘))))
1611, 15oveq12d 6542 . . . . . . 7 ((𝑛 = 𝑁𝑓 = 𝐹) → ((𝑛C𝑘) · ((-1↑(𝑛𝑘)) · (𝑓‘(𝑥 + 𝑘)))) = ((𝑁C𝑘) · ((-1↑(𝑁𝑘)) · (𝐹‘(𝑥 + 𝑘)))))
1716adantr 479 . . . . . 6 (((𝑛 = 𝑁𝑓 = 𝐹) ∧ 𝑘 ∈ (0...𝑛)) → ((𝑛C𝑘) · ((-1↑(𝑛𝑘)) · (𝑓‘(𝑥 + 𝑘)))) = ((𝑁C𝑘) · ((-1↑(𝑁𝑘)) · (𝐹‘(𝑥 + 𝑘)))))
184, 17sumeq12dv 14227 . . . . 5 ((𝑛 = 𝑁𝑓 = 𝐹) → Σ𝑘 ∈ (0...𝑛)((𝑛C𝑘) · ((-1↑(𝑛𝑘)) · (𝑓‘(𝑥 + 𝑘)))) = Σ𝑘 ∈ (0...𝑁)((𝑁C𝑘) · ((-1↑(𝑁𝑘)) · (𝐹‘(𝑥 + 𝑘)))))
199, 18mpteq12dv 4654 . . . 4 ((𝑛 = 𝑁𝑓 = 𝐹) → (𝑥 ∈ {𝑦 ∈ ℂ ∣ ∀𝑘 ∈ (0...𝑛)(𝑦 + 𝑘) ∈ dom 𝑓} ↦ Σ𝑘 ∈ (0...𝑛)((𝑛C𝑘) · ((-1↑(𝑛𝑘)) · (𝑓‘(𝑥 + 𝑘))))) = (𝑥 ∈ {𝑦 ∈ ℂ ∣ ∀𝑘 ∈ (0...𝑁)(𝑦 + 𝑘) ∈ dom 𝐹} ↦ Σ𝑘 ∈ (0...𝑁)((𝑁C𝑘) · ((-1↑(𝑁𝑘)) · (𝐹‘(𝑥 + 𝑘))))))
2019adantl 480 . . 3 ((𝜑 ∧ (𝑛 = 𝑁𝑓 = 𝐹)) → (𝑥 ∈ {𝑦 ∈ ℂ ∣ ∀𝑘 ∈ (0...𝑛)(𝑦 + 𝑘) ∈ dom 𝑓} ↦ Σ𝑘 ∈ (0...𝑛)((𝑛C𝑘) · ((-1↑(𝑛𝑘)) · (𝑓‘(𝑥 + 𝑘))))) = (𝑥 ∈ {𝑦 ∈ ℂ ∣ ∀𝑘 ∈ (0...𝑁)(𝑦 + 𝑘) ∈ dom 𝐹} ↦ Σ𝑘 ∈ (0...𝑁)((𝑁C𝑘) · ((-1↑(𝑁𝑘)) · (𝐹‘(𝑥 + 𝑘))))))
21 fwddifnval.1 . . 3 (𝜑𝑁 ∈ ℕ0)
22 fwddifnval.3 . . . 4 (𝜑𝐹:𝐴⟶ℂ)
23 fwddifnval.2 . . . 4 (𝜑𝐴 ⊆ ℂ)
24 cnex 9870 . . . . 5 ℂ ∈ V
25 elpm2r 7735 . . . . 5 (((ℂ ∈ V ∧ ℂ ∈ V) ∧ (𝐹:𝐴⟶ℂ ∧ 𝐴 ⊆ ℂ)) → 𝐹 ∈ (ℂ ↑pm ℂ))
2624, 24, 25mpanl12 713 . . . 4 ((𝐹:𝐴⟶ℂ ∧ 𝐴 ⊆ ℂ) → 𝐹 ∈ (ℂ ↑pm ℂ))
2722, 23, 26syl2anc 690 . . 3 (𝜑𝐹 ∈ (ℂ ↑pm ℂ))
2824mptrabex 6367 . . . 4 (𝑥 ∈ {𝑦 ∈ ℂ ∣ ∀𝑘 ∈ (0...𝑁)(𝑦 + 𝑘) ∈ dom 𝐹} ↦ Σ𝑘 ∈ (0...𝑁)((𝑁C𝑘) · ((-1↑(𝑁𝑘)) · (𝐹‘(𝑥 + 𝑘))))) ∈ V
2928a1i 11 . . 3 (𝜑 → (𝑥 ∈ {𝑦 ∈ ℂ ∣ ∀𝑘 ∈ (0...𝑁)(𝑦 + 𝑘) ∈ dom 𝐹} ↦ Σ𝑘 ∈ (0...𝑁)((𝑁C𝑘) · ((-1↑(𝑁𝑘)) · (𝐹‘(𝑥 + 𝑘))))) ∈ V)
302, 20, 21, 27, 29ovmpt2d 6661 . 2 (𝜑 → (𝑁n 𝐹) = (𝑥 ∈ {𝑦 ∈ ℂ ∣ ∀𝑘 ∈ (0...𝑁)(𝑦 + 𝑘) ∈ dom 𝐹} ↦ Σ𝑘 ∈ (0...𝑁)((𝑁C𝑘) · ((-1↑(𝑁𝑘)) · (𝐹‘(𝑥 + 𝑘))))))
31 oveq1 6531 . . . . . . 7 (𝑥 = 𝑋 → (𝑥 + 𝑘) = (𝑋 + 𝑘))
3231fveq2d 6089 . . . . . 6 (𝑥 = 𝑋 → (𝐹‘(𝑥 + 𝑘)) = (𝐹‘(𝑋 + 𝑘)))
3332oveq2d 6540 . . . . 5 (𝑥 = 𝑋 → ((-1↑(𝑁𝑘)) · (𝐹‘(𝑥 + 𝑘))) = ((-1↑(𝑁𝑘)) · (𝐹‘(𝑋 + 𝑘))))
3433oveq2d 6540 . . . 4 (𝑥 = 𝑋 → ((𝑁C𝑘) · ((-1↑(𝑁𝑘)) · (𝐹‘(𝑥 + 𝑘)))) = ((𝑁C𝑘) · ((-1↑(𝑁𝑘)) · (𝐹‘(𝑋 + 𝑘)))))
3534sumeq2sdv 14225 . . 3 (𝑥 = 𝑋 → Σ𝑘 ∈ (0...𝑁)((𝑁C𝑘) · ((-1↑(𝑁𝑘)) · (𝐹‘(𝑥 + 𝑘)))) = Σ𝑘 ∈ (0...𝑁)((𝑁C𝑘) · ((-1↑(𝑁𝑘)) · (𝐹‘(𝑋 + 𝑘)))))
3635adantl 480 . 2 ((𝜑𝑥 = 𝑋) → Σ𝑘 ∈ (0...𝑁)((𝑁C𝑘) · ((-1↑(𝑁𝑘)) · (𝐹‘(𝑥 + 𝑘)))) = Σ𝑘 ∈ (0...𝑁)((𝑁C𝑘) · ((-1↑(𝑁𝑘)) · (𝐹‘(𝑋 + 𝑘)))))
37 fwddifnval.4 . . 3 (𝜑𝑋 ∈ ℂ)
38 fwddifnval.5 . . . . 5 ((𝜑𝑘 ∈ (0...𝑁)) → (𝑋 + 𝑘) ∈ 𝐴)
39 fdm 5947 . . . . . . 7 (𝐹:𝐴⟶ℂ → dom 𝐹 = 𝐴)
4022, 39syl 17 . . . . . 6 (𝜑 → dom 𝐹 = 𝐴)
4140adantr 479 . . . . 5 ((𝜑𝑘 ∈ (0...𝑁)) → dom 𝐹 = 𝐴)
4238, 41eleqtrrd 2687 . . . 4 ((𝜑𝑘 ∈ (0...𝑁)) → (𝑋 + 𝑘) ∈ dom 𝐹)
4342ralrimiva 2945 . . 3 (𝜑 → ∀𝑘 ∈ (0...𝑁)(𝑋 + 𝑘) ∈ dom 𝐹)
44 oveq1 6531 . . . . . 6 (𝑦 = 𝑋 → (𝑦 + 𝑘) = (𝑋 + 𝑘))
4544eleq1d 2668 . . . . 5 (𝑦 = 𝑋 → ((𝑦 + 𝑘) ∈ dom 𝐹 ↔ (𝑋 + 𝑘) ∈ dom 𝐹))
4645ralbidv 2965 . . . 4 (𝑦 = 𝑋 → (∀𝑘 ∈ (0...𝑁)(𝑦 + 𝑘) ∈ dom 𝐹 ↔ ∀𝑘 ∈ (0...𝑁)(𝑋 + 𝑘) ∈ dom 𝐹))
4746elrab 3327 . . 3 (𝑋 ∈ {𝑦 ∈ ℂ ∣ ∀𝑘 ∈ (0...𝑁)(𝑦 + 𝑘) ∈ dom 𝐹} ↔ (𝑋 ∈ ℂ ∧ ∀𝑘 ∈ (0...𝑁)(𝑋 + 𝑘) ∈ dom 𝐹))
4837, 43, 47sylanbrc 694 . 2 (𝜑𝑋 ∈ {𝑦 ∈ ℂ ∣ ∀𝑘 ∈ (0...𝑁)(𝑦 + 𝑘) ∈ dom 𝐹})
49 sumex 14209 . . 3 Σ𝑘 ∈ (0...𝑁)((𝑁C𝑘) · ((-1↑(𝑁𝑘)) · (𝐹‘(𝑋 + 𝑘)))) ∈ V
5049a1i 11 . 2 (𝜑 → Σ𝑘 ∈ (0...𝑁)((𝑁C𝑘) · ((-1↑(𝑁𝑘)) · (𝐹‘(𝑋 + 𝑘)))) ∈ V)
5130, 36, 48, 50fvmptd 6179 1 (𝜑 → ((𝑁n 𝐹)‘𝑋) = Σ𝑘 ∈ (0...𝑁)((𝑁C𝑘) · ((-1↑(𝑁𝑘)) · (𝐹‘(𝑋 + 𝑘)))))
Colors of variables: wff setvar class
Syntax hints:  wi 4  wb 194  wa 382   = wceq 1474  wcel 1976  wral 2892  {crab 2896  Vcvv 3169  wss 3536  cmpt 4634  dom cdm 5025  wf 5783  cfv 5787  (class class class)co 6524  cmpt2 6526  pm cpm 7719  cc 9787  0cc0 9789  1c1 9790   + caddc 9792   · cmul 9794  cmin 10114  -cneg 10115  0cn0 11136  ...cfz 12149  cexp 12674  Ccbc 12903  Σcsu 14207  n cfwddifn 31240
This theorem was proved from axioms:  ax-mp 5  ax-1 6  ax-2 7  ax-3 8  ax-gen 1712  ax-4 1727  ax-5 1826  ax-6 1874  ax-7 1921  ax-8 1978  ax-9 1985  ax-10 2005  ax-11 2020  ax-12 2032  ax-13 2229  ax-ext 2586  ax-rep 4690  ax-sep 4700  ax-nul 4709  ax-pow 4761  ax-pr 4825  ax-un 6821  ax-cnex 9845  ax-resscn 9846  ax-1cn 9847  ax-icn 9848  ax-addcl 9849  ax-addrcl 9850  ax-mulcl 9851  ax-mulrcl 9852  ax-mulcom 9853  ax-addass 9854  ax-mulass 9855  ax-distr 9856  ax-i2m1 9857  ax-1ne0 9858  ax-1rid 9859  ax-rnegex 9860  ax-rrecex 9861  ax-cnre 9862  ax-pre-lttri 9863  ax-pre-lttrn 9864  ax-pre-ltadd 9865  ax-pre-mulgt0 9866
This theorem depends on definitions:  df-bi 195  df-or 383  df-an 384  df-3or 1031  df-3an 1032  df-tru 1477  df-fal 1480  df-ex 1695  df-nf 1700  df-sb 1867  df-eu 2458  df-mo 2459  df-clab 2593  df-cleq 2599  df-clel 2602  df-nfc 2736  df-ne 2778  df-nel 2779  df-ral 2897  df-rex 2898  df-reu 2899  df-rab 2901  df-v 3171  df-sbc 3399  df-csb 3496  df-dif 3539  df-un 3541  df-in 3543  df-ss 3550  df-pss 3552  df-nul 3871  df-if 4033  df-pw 4106  df-sn 4122  df-pr 4124  df-tp 4126  df-op 4128  df-uni 4364  df-iun 4448  df-br 4575  df-opab 4635  df-mpt 4636  df-tr 4672  df-eprel 4936  df-id 4940  df-po 4946  df-so 4947  df-fr 4984  df-we 4986  df-xp 5031  df-rel 5032  df-cnv 5033  df-co 5034  df-dm 5035  df-rn 5036  df-res 5037  df-ima 5038  df-pred 5580  df-ord 5626  df-on 5627  df-lim 5628  df-suc 5629  df-iota 5751  df-fun 5789  df-fn 5790  df-f 5791  df-f1 5792  df-fo 5793  df-f1o 5794  df-fv 5795  df-riota 6486  df-ov 6527  df-oprab 6528  df-mpt2 6529  df-om 6932  df-1st 7033  df-2nd 7034  df-wrecs 7268  df-recs 7329  df-rdg 7367  df-er 7603  df-pm 7721  df-en 7816  df-dom 7817  df-sdom 7818  df-pnf 9929  df-mnf 9930  df-xr 9931  df-ltxr 9932  df-le 9933  df-sub 10116  df-neg 10117  df-nn 10865  df-n0 11137  df-z 11208  df-uz 11517  df-fz 12150  df-seq 12616  df-sum 14208  df-fwddifn 31241
This theorem is referenced by:  fwddifn0  31244  fwddifnp1  31245
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