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Theorem grpinveu 17221
Description: The left inverse element of a group is unique. Lemma 2.2.1(b) of [Herstein] p. 55. (Contributed by NM, 24-Aug-2011.)
Hypotheses
Ref Expression
grpinveu.b 𝐵 = (Base‘𝐺)
grpinveu.p + = (+g𝐺)
grpinveu.o 0 = (0g𝐺)
Assertion
Ref Expression
grpinveu ((𝐺 ∈ Grp ∧ 𝑋𝐵) → ∃!𝑦𝐵 (𝑦 + 𝑋) = 0 )
Distinct variable groups:   𝑦,𝐵   𝑦,𝐺   𝑦, +   𝑦, 0   𝑦,𝑋

Proof of Theorem grpinveu
Dummy variable 𝑧 is distinct from all other variables.
StepHypRef Expression
1 grpinveu.b . . . 4 𝐵 = (Base‘𝐺)
2 grpinveu.p . . . 4 + = (+g𝐺)
3 grpinveu.o . . . 4 0 = (0g𝐺)
41, 2, 3grpinvex 17197 . . 3 ((𝐺 ∈ Grp ∧ 𝑋𝐵) → ∃𝑦𝐵 (𝑦 + 𝑋) = 0 )
5 eqtr3 2626 . . . . . . . . . . . 12 (((𝑦 + 𝑋) = 0 ∧ (𝑧 + 𝑋) = 0 ) → (𝑦 + 𝑋) = (𝑧 + 𝑋))
61, 2grprcan 17220 . . . . . . . . . . . 12 ((𝐺 ∈ Grp ∧ (𝑦𝐵𝑧𝐵𝑋𝐵)) → ((𝑦 + 𝑋) = (𝑧 + 𝑋) ↔ 𝑦 = 𝑧))
75, 6syl5ib 232 . . . . . . . . . . 11 ((𝐺 ∈ Grp ∧ (𝑦𝐵𝑧𝐵𝑋𝐵)) → (((𝑦 + 𝑋) = 0 ∧ (𝑧 + 𝑋) = 0 ) → 𝑦 = 𝑧))
873exp2 1276 . . . . . . . . . 10 (𝐺 ∈ Grp → (𝑦𝐵 → (𝑧𝐵 → (𝑋𝐵 → (((𝑦 + 𝑋) = 0 ∧ (𝑧 + 𝑋) = 0 ) → 𝑦 = 𝑧)))))
98com24 92 . . . . . . . . 9 (𝐺 ∈ Grp → (𝑋𝐵 → (𝑧𝐵 → (𝑦𝐵 → (((𝑦 + 𝑋) = 0 ∧ (𝑧 + 𝑋) = 0 ) → 𝑦 = 𝑧)))))
109imp41 616 . . . . . . . 8 ((((𝐺 ∈ Grp ∧ 𝑋𝐵) ∧ 𝑧𝐵) ∧ 𝑦𝐵) → (((𝑦 + 𝑋) = 0 ∧ (𝑧 + 𝑋) = 0 ) → 𝑦 = 𝑧))
1110an32s 841 . . . . . . 7 ((((𝐺 ∈ Grp ∧ 𝑋𝐵) ∧ 𝑦𝐵) ∧ 𝑧𝐵) → (((𝑦 + 𝑋) = 0 ∧ (𝑧 + 𝑋) = 0 ) → 𝑦 = 𝑧))
1211expd 450 . . . . . 6 ((((𝐺 ∈ Grp ∧ 𝑋𝐵) ∧ 𝑦𝐵) ∧ 𝑧𝐵) → ((𝑦 + 𝑋) = 0 → ((𝑧 + 𝑋) = 0𝑦 = 𝑧)))
1312ralrimdva 2947 . . . . 5 (((𝐺 ∈ Grp ∧ 𝑋𝐵) ∧ 𝑦𝐵) → ((𝑦 + 𝑋) = 0 → ∀𝑧𝐵 ((𝑧 + 𝑋) = 0𝑦 = 𝑧)))
1413ancld 573 . . . 4 (((𝐺 ∈ Grp ∧ 𝑋𝐵) ∧ 𝑦𝐵) → ((𝑦 + 𝑋) = 0 → ((𝑦 + 𝑋) = 0 ∧ ∀𝑧𝐵 ((𝑧 + 𝑋) = 0𝑦 = 𝑧))))
1514reximdva 2995 . . 3 ((𝐺 ∈ Grp ∧ 𝑋𝐵) → (∃𝑦𝐵 (𝑦 + 𝑋) = 0 → ∃𝑦𝐵 ((𝑦 + 𝑋) = 0 ∧ ∀𝑧𝐵 ((𝑧 + 𝑋) = 0𝑦 = 𝑧))))
164, 15mpd 15 . 2 ((𝐺 ∈ Grp ∧ 𝑋𝐵) → ∃𝑦𝐵 ((𝑦 + 𝑋) = 0 ∧ ∀𝑧𝐵 ((𝑧 + 𝑋) = 0𝑦 = 𝑧)))
17 oveq1 6530 . . . 4 (𝑦 = 𝑧 → (𝑦 + 𝑋) = (𝑧 + 𝑋))
1817eqeq1d 2607 . . 3 (𝑦 = 𝑧 → ((𝑦 + 𝑋) = 0 ↔ (𝑧 + 𝑋) = 0 ))
1918reu8 3364 . 2 (∃!𝑦𝐵 (𝑦 + 𝑋) = 0 ↔ ∃𝑦𝐵 ((𝑦 + 𝑋) = 0 ∧ ∀𝑧𝐵 ((𝑧 + 𝑋) = 0𝑦 = 𝑧)))
2016, 19sylibr 222 1 ((𝐺 ∈ Grp ∧ 𝑋𝐵) → ∃!𝑦𝐵 (𝑦 + 𝑋) = 0 )
Colors of variables: wff setvar class
Syntax hints:  wi 4  wa 382  w3a 1030   = wceq 1474  wcel 1975  wral 2891  wrex 2892  ∃!wreu 2893  cfv 5786  (class class class)co 6523  Basecbs 15637  +gcplusg 15710  0gc0g 15865  Grpcgrp 17187
This theorem was proved from axioms:  ax-mp 5  ax-1 6  ax-2 7  ax-3 8  ax-gen 1711  ax-4 1726  ax-5 1825  ax-6 1873  ax-7 1920  ax-8 1977  ax-9 1984  ax-10 2004  ax-11 2019  ax-12 2031  ax-13 2228  ax-ext 2585  ax-sep 4699  ax-nul 4708  ax-pow 4760  ax-pr 4824
This theorem depends on definitions:  df-bi 195  df-or 383  df-an 384  df-3an 1032  df-tru 1477  df-ex 1695  df-nf 1700  df-sb 1866  df-eu 2457  df-mo 2458  df-clab 2592  df-cleq 2598  df-clel 2601  df-nfc 2735  df-ne 2777  df-ral 2896  df-rex 2897  df-reu 2898  df-rmo 2899  df-rab 2900  df-v 3170  df-sbc 3398  df-dif 3538  df-un 3540  df-in 3542  df-ss 3549  df-nul 3870  df-if 4032  df-sn 4121  df-pr 4123  df-op 4127  df-uni 4363  df-br 4574  df-opab 4634  df-mpt 4635  df-id 4939  df-xp 5030  df-rel 5031  df-cnv 5032  df-co 5033  df-dm 5034  df-iota 5750  df-fun 5788  df-fv 5794  df-riota 6485  df-ov 6526  df-0g 15867  df-mgm 17007  df-sgrp 17049  df-mnd 17060  df-grp 17190
This theorem is referenced by:  grpinvf  17231  grplinv  17233  isgrpinv  17237
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