MPE Home Metamath Proof Explorer < Previous   Next >
Nearby theorems
Mirrors  >  Home  >  MPE Home  >  Th. List  >  limsupbnd1 Structured version   Visualization version   GIF version

Theorem limsupbnd1 14147
Description: If a sequence is eventually at most 𝐴, then the limsup is also at most 𝐴. (The converse is only true if the less or equal is replaced by strictly less than; consider the sequence 1 / 𝑛 which is never less or equal to zero even though the limsup is.) (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 7-Sep-2014.) (Revised by AV, 12-Sep-2020.)
Hypotheses
Ref Expression
limsupbnd.1 (𝜑𝐵 ⊆ ℝ)
limsupbnd.2 (𝜑𝐹:𝐵⟶ℝ*)
limsupbnd.3 (𝜑𝐴 ∈ ℝ*)
limsupbnd1.4 (𝜑 → ∃𝑘 ∈ ℝ ∀𝑗𝐵 (𝑘𝑗 → (𝐹𝑗) ≤ 𝐴))
Assertion
Ref Expression
limsupbnd1 (𝜑 → (lim sup‘𝐹) ≤ 𝐴)
Distinct variable groups:   𝑗,𝑘,𝐴   𝐵,𝑗,𝑘   𝑗,𝐹,𝑘   𝜑,𝑗,𝑘

Proof of Theorem limsupbnd1
Dummy variable 𝑛 is distinct from all other variables.
StepHypRef Expression
1 limsupbnd1.4 . 2 (𝜑 → ∃𝑘 ∈ ℝ ∀𝑗𝐵 (𝑘𝑗 → (𝐹𝑗) ≤ 𝐴))
2 limsupbnd.1 . . . . . 6 (𝜑𝐵 ⊆ ℝ)
32adantr 481 . . . . 5 ((𝜑𝑘 ∈ ℝ) → 𝐵 ⊆ ℝ)
4 limsupbnd.2 . . . . . 6 (𝜑𝐹:𝐵⟶ℝ*)
54adantr 481 . . . . 5 ((𝜑𝑘 ∈ ℝ) → 𝐹:𝐵⟶ℝ*)
6 simpr 477 . . . . 5 ((𝜑𝑘 ∈ ℝ) → 𝑘 ∈ ℝ)
7 limsupbnd.3 . . . . . 6 (𝜑𝐴 ∈ ℝ*)
87adantr 481 . . . . 5 ((𝜑𝑘 ∈ ℝ) → 𝐴 ∈ ℝ*)
9 eqid 2621 . . . . . 6 (𝑛 ∈ ℝ ↦ sup(((𝐹 “ (𝑛[,)+∞)) ∩ ℝ*), ℝ*, < )) = (𝑛 ∈ ℝ ↦ sup(((𝐹 “ (𝑛[,)+∞)) ∩ ℝ*), ℝ*, < ))
109limsupgle 14142 . . . . 5 (((𝐵 ⊆ ℝ ∧ 𝐹:𝐵⟶ℝ*) ∧ 𝑘 ∈ ℝ ∧ 𝐴 ∈ ℝ*) → (((𝑛 ∈ ℝ ↦ sup(((𝐹 “ (𝑛[,)+∞)) ∩ ℝ*), ℝ*, < ))‘𝑘) ≤ 𝐴 ↔ ∀𝑗𝐵 (𝑘𝑗 → (𝐹𝑗) ≤ 𝐴)))
113, 5, 6, 8, 10syl211anc 1329 . . . 4 ((𝜑𝑘 ∈ ℝ) → (((𝑛 ∈ ℝ ↦ sup(((𝐹 “ (𝑛[,)+∞)) ∩ ℝ*), ℝ*, < ))‘𝑘) ≤ 𝐴 ↔ ∀𝑗𝐵 (𝑘𝑗 → (𝐹𝑗) ≤ 𝐴)))
12 reex 9971 . . . . . . . . . . . 12 ℝ ∈ V
1312ssex 4762 . . . . . . . . . . 11 (𝐵 ⊆ ℝ → 𝐵 ∈ V)
142, 13syl 17 . . . . . . . . . 10 (𝜑𝐵 ∈ V)
15 xrex 11773 . . . . . . . . . . 11 * ∈ V
1615a1i 11 . . . . . . . . . 10 (𝜑 → ℝ* ∈ V)
17 fex2 7068 . . . . . . . . . 10 ((𝐹:𝐵⟶ℝ*𝐵 ∈ V ∧ ℝ* ∈ V) → 𝐹 ∈ V)
184, 14, 16, 17syl3anc 1323 . . . . . . . . 9 (𝜑𝐹 ∈ V)
19 limsupcl 14138 . . . . . . . . 9 (𝐹 ∈ V → (lim sup‘𝐹) ∈ ℝ*)
2018, 19syl 17 . . . . . . . 8 (𝜑 → (lim sup‘𝐹) ∈ ℝ*)
21 xrleid 11927 . . . . . . . 8 ((lim sup‘𝐹) ∈ ℝ* → (lim sup‘𝐹) ≤ (lim sup‘𝐹))
2220, 21syl 17 . . . . . . 7 (𝜑 → (lim sup‘𝐹) ≤ (lim sup‘𝐹))
239limsuple 14143 . . . . . . . 8 ((𝐵 ⊆ ℝ ∧ 𝐹:𝐵⟶ℝ* ∧ (lim sup‘𝐹) ∈ ℝ*) → ((lim sup‘𝐹) ≤ (lim sup‘𝐹) ↔ ∀𝑘 ∈ ℝ (lim sup‘𝐹) ≤ ((𝑛 ∈ ℝ ↦ sup(((𝐹 “ (𝑛[,)+∞)) ∩ ℝ*), ℝ*, < ))‘𝑘)))
242, 4, 20, 23syl3anc 1323 . . . . . . 7 (𝜑 → ((lim sup‘𝐹) ≤ (lim sup‘𝐹) ↔ ∀𝑘 ∈ ℝ (lim sup‘𝐹) ≤ ((𝑛 ∈ ℝ ↦ sup(((𝐹 “ (𝑛[,)+∞)) ∩ ℝ*), ℝ*, < ))‘𝑘)))
2522, 24mpbid 222 . . . . . 6 (𝜑 → ∀𝑘 ∈ ℝ (lim sup‘𝐹) ≤ ((𝑛 ∈ ℝ ↦ sup(((𝐹 “ (𝑛[,)+∞)) ∩ ℝ*), ℝ*, < ))‘𝑘))
2625r19.21bi 2927 . . . . 5 ((𝜑𝑘 ∈ ℝ) → (lim sup‘𝐹) ≤ ((𝑛 ∈ ℝ ↦ sup(((𝐹 “ (𝑛[,)+∞)) ∩ ℝ*), ℝ*, < ))‘𝑘))
2720adantr 481 . . . . . 6 ((𝜑𝑘 ∈ ℝ) → (lim sup‘𝐹) ∈ ℝ*)
289limsupgf 14140 . . . . . . . 8 (𝑛 ∈ ℝ ↦ sup(((𝐹 “ (𝑛[,)+∞)) ∩ ℝ*), ℝ*, < )):ℝ⟶ℝ*
2928a1i 11 . . . . . . 7 (𝜑 → (𝑛 ∈ ℝ ↦ sup(((𝐹 “ (𝑛[,)+∞)) ∩ ℝ*), ℝ*, < )):ℝ⟶ℝ*)
3029ffvelrnda 6315 . . . . . 6 ((𝜑𝑘 ∈ ℝ) → ((𝑛 ∈ ℝ ↦ sup(((𝐹 “ (𝑛[,)+∞)) ∩ ℝ*), ℝ*, < ))‘𝑘) ∈ ℝ*)
31 xrletr 11933 . . . . . 6 (((lim sup‘𝐹) ∈ ℝ* ∧ ((𝑛 ∈ ℝ ↦ sup(((𝐹 “ (𝑛[,)+∞)) ∩ ℝ*), ℝ*, < ))‘𝑘) ∈ ℝ*𝐴 ∈ ℝ*) → (((lim sup‘𝐹) ≤ ((𝑛 ∈ ℝ ↦ sup(((𝐹 “ (𝑛[,)+∞)) ∩ ℝ*), ℝ*, < ))‘𝑘) ∧ ((𝑛 ∈ ℝ ↦ sup(((𝐹 “ (𝑛[,)+∞)) ∩ ℝ*), ℝ*, < ))‘𝑘) ≤ 𝐴) → (lim sup‘𝐹) ≤ 𝐴))
3227, 30, 8, 31syl3anc 1323 . . . . 5 ((𝜑𝑘 ∈ ℝ) → (((lim sup‘𝐹) ≤ ((𝑛 ∈ ℝ ↦ sup(((𝐹 “ (𝑛[,)+∞)) ∩ ℝ*), ℝ*, < ))‘𝑘) ∧ ((𝑛 ∈ ℝ ↦ sup(((𝐹 “ (𝑛[,)+∞)) ∩ ℝ*), ℝ*, < ))‘𝑘) ≤ 𝐴) → (lim sup‘𝐹) ≤ 𝐴))
3326, 32mpand 710 . . . 4 ((𝜑𝑘 ∈ ℝ) → (((𝑛 ∈ ℝ ↦ sup(((𝐹 “ (𝑛[,)+∞)) ∩ ℝ*), ℝ*, < ))‘𝑘) ≤ 𝐴 → (lim sup‘𝐹) ≤ 𝐴))
3411, 33sylbird 250 . . 3 ((𝜑𝑘 ∈ ℝ) → (∀𝑗𝐵 (𝑘𝑗 → (𝐹𝑗) ≤ 𝐴) → (lim sup‘𝐹) ≤ 𝐴))
3534rexlimdva 3024 . 2 (𝜑 → (∃𝑘 ∈ ℝ ∀𝑗𝐵 (𝑘𝑗 → (𝐹𝑗) ≤ 𝐴) → (lim sup‘𝐹) ≤ 𝐴))
361, 35mpd 15 1 (𝜑 → (lim sup‘𝐹) ≤ 𝐴)
Colors of variables: wff setvar class
Syntax hints:  wi 4  wb 196  wa 384  wcel 1987  wral 2907  wrex 2908  Vcvv 3186  cin 3554  wss 3555   class class class wbr 4613  cmpt 4673  cima 5077  wf 5843  cfv 5847  (class class class)co 6604  supcsup 8290  cr 9879  +∞cpnf 10015  *cxr 10017   < clt 10018  cle 10019  [,)cico 12119  lim supclsp 14135
This theorem was proved from axioms:  ax-mp 5  ax-1 6  ax-2 7  ax-3 8  ax-gen 1719  ax-4 1734  ax-5 1836  ax-6 1885  ax-7 1932  ax-8 1989  ax-9 1996  ax-10 2016  ax-11 2031  ax-12 2044  ax-13 2245  ax-ext 2601  ax-sep 4741  ax-nul 4749  ax-pow 4803  ax-pr 4867  ax-un 6902  ax-cnex 9936  ax-resscn 9937  ax-1cn 9938  ax-icn 9939  ax-addcl 9940  ax-addrcl 9941  ax-mulcl 9942  ax-mulrcl 9943  ax-mulcom 9944  ax-addass 9945  ax-mulass 9946  ax-distr 9947  ax-i2m1 9948  ax-1ne0 9949  ax-1rid 9950  ax-rnegex 9951  ax-rrecex 9952  ax-cnre 9953  ax-pre-lttri 9954  ax-pre-lttrn 9955  ax-pre-ltadd 9956  ax-pre-mulgt0 9957  ax-pre-sup 9958
This theorem depends on definitions:  df-bi 197  df-or 385  df-an 386  df-3or 1037  df-3an 1038  df-tru 1483  df-ex 1702  df-nf 1707  df-sb 1878  df-eu 2473  df-mo 2474  df-clab 2608  df-cleq 2614  df-clel 2617  df-nfc 2750  df-ne 2791  df-nel 2894  df-ral 2912  df-rex 2913  df-reu 2914  df-rmo 2915  df-rab 2916  df-v 3188  df-sbc 3418  df-csb 3515  df-dif 3558  df-un 3560  df-in 3562  df-ss 3569  df-nul 3892  df-if 4059  df-pw 4132  df-sn 4149  df-pr 4151  df-op 4155  df-uni 4403  df-br 4614  df-opab 4674  df-mpt 4675  df-id 4989  df-po 4995  df-so 4996  df-xp 5080  df-rel 5081  df-cnv 5082  df-co 5083  df-dm 5084  df-rn 5085  df-res 5086  df-ima 5087  df-iota 5810  df-fun 5849  df-fn 5850  df-f 5851  df-f1 5852  df-fo 5853  df-f1o 5854  df-fv 5855  df-riota 6565  df-ov 6607  df-oprab 6608  df-mpt2 6609  df-er 7687  df-en 7900  df-dom 7901  df-sdom 7902  df-sup 8292  df-inf 8293  df-pnf 10020  df-mnf 10021  df-xr 10022  df-ltxr 10023  df-le 10024  df-sub 10212  df-neg 10213  df-ico 12123  df-limsup 14136
This theorem is referenced by:  caucvgrlem  14337  limsupre  39274  limsupbnd1f  39319
  Copyright terms: Public domain W3C validator