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Theorem List for Metamath Proof Explorer - 10401-10500   *Has distinct variable group(s)
TypeLabelDescription
Statement
 
Theorempossumd 10401 Condition for a positive sum. (Contributed by Scott Fenton, 16-Dec-2017.)
(𝜑𝐴 ∈ ℝ)    &   (𝜑𝐵 ∈ ℝ)       (𝜑 → (0 < (𝐴 + 𝐵) ↔ -𝐵 < 𝐴))
 
Theoremsublt0d 10402 When a subtraction gives a negative result. (Contributed by Glauco Siliprandi, 11-Dec-2019.)
(𝜑𝐴 ∈ ℝ)    &   (𝜑𝐵 ∈ ℝ)       (𝜑 → ((𝐴𝐵) < 0 ↔ 𝐴 < 𝐵))
 
Theoremltaddsublt 10403 Addition and subtraction on one side of 'less than'. (Contributed by AV, 24-Nov-2018.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℝ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℝ ∧ 𝐶 ∈ ℝ) → (𝐵 < 𝐶 ↔ ((𝐴 + 𝐵) − 𝐶) < 𝐴))
 
Theorem1le1 10404 1 ≤ 1. Common special case. (Contributed by David A. Wheeler, 16-Jul-2016.)
1 ≤ 1
 
5.3.5  Reciprocals
 
Theoremixi 10405 i times itself is minus 1. (Contributed by NM, 6-May-1999.) (Proof shortened by Andrew Salmon, 19-Nov-2011.)
(i · i) = -1
 
Theoremrecextlem1 10406 Lemma for recex 10408. (Contributed by Eric Schmidt, 23-May-2007.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℂ) → ((𝐴 + (i · 𝐵)) · (𝐴 − (i · 𝐵))) = ((𝐴 · 𝐴) + (𝐵 · 𝐵)))
 
Theoremrecextlem2 10407 Lemma for recex 10408. (Contributed by Eric Schmidt, 23-May-2007.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℝ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℝ ∧ (𝐴 + (i · 𝐵)) ≠ 0) → ((𝐴 · 𝐴) + (𝐵 · 𝐵)) ≠ 0)
 
Theoremrecex 10408* Existence of reciprocal of nonzero complex number. (Contributed by Eric Schmidt, 22-May-2007.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐴 ≠ 0) → ∃𝑥 ∈ ℂ (𝐴 · 𝑥) = 1)
 
Theoremmulcand 10409 Cancellation law for multiplication. Theorem I.7 of [Apostol] p. 18. (Contributed by NM, 26-Jan-1995.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 27-May-2016.)
(𝜑𝐴 ∈ ℂ)    &   (𝜑𝐵 ∈ ℂ)    &   (𝜑𝐶 ∈ ℂ)    &   (𝜑𝐶 ≠ 0)       (𝜑 → ((𝐶 · 𝐴) = (𝐶 · 𝐵) ↔ 𝐴 = 𝐵))
 
Theoremmulcan2d 10410 Cancellation law for multiplication. Theorem I.7 of [Apostol] p. 18. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 27-May-2016.)
(𝜑𝐴 ∈ ℂ)    &   (𝜑𝐵 ∈ ℂ)    &   (𝜑𝐶 ∈ ℂ)    &   (𝜑𝐶 ≠ 0)       (𝜑 → ((𝐴 · 𝐶) = (𝐵 · 𝐶) ↔ 𝐴 = 𝐵))
 
Theoremmulcanad 10411 Cancellation of a nonzero factor on the left in an equation. One-way deduction form of mulcand 10409. (Contributed by David Moews, 28-Feb-2017.)
(𝜑𝐴 ∈ ℂ)    &   (𝜑𝐵 ∈ ℂ)    &   (𝜑𝐶 ∈ ℂ)    &   (𝜑𝐶 ≠ 0)    &   (𝜑 → (𝐶 · 𝐴) = (𝐶 · 𝐵))       (𝜑𝐴 = 𝐵)
 
Theoremmulcan2ad 10412 Cancellation of a nonzero factor on the right in an equation. One-way deduction form of mulcan2d 10410. (Contributed by David Moews, 28-Feb-2017.)
(𝜑𝐴 ∈ ℂ)    &   (𝜑𝐵 ∈ ℂ)    &   (𝜑𝐶 ∈ ℂ)    &   (𝜑𝐶 ≠ 0)    &   (𝜑 → (𝐴 · 𝐶) = (𝐵 · 𝐶))       (𝜑𝐴 = 𝐵)
 
Theoremmulcan 10413 Cancellation law for multiplication (full theorem form). Theorem I.7 of [Apostol] p. 18. (Contributed by NM, 29-Jan-1995.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 27-May-2016.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℂ ∧ (𝐶 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐶 ≠ 0)) → ((𝐶 · 𝐴) = (𝐶 · 𝐵) ↔ 𝐴 = 𝐵))
 
Theoremmulcan2 10414 Cancellation law for multiplication. (Contributed by NM, 21-Jan-2005.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 27-May-2016.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℂ ∧ (𝐶 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐶 ≠ 0)) → ((𝐴 · 𝐶) = (𝐵 · 𝐶) ↔ 𝐴 = 𝐵))
 
Theoremmulcani 10415 Cancellation law for multiplication. Theorem I.7 of [Apostol] p. 18. (Contributed by NM, 26-Jan-1995.)
𝐴 ∈ ℂ    &   𝐵 ∈ ℂ    &   𝐶 ∈ ℂ    &   𝐶 ≠ 0       ((𝐶 · 𝐴) = (𝐶 · 𝐵) ↔ 𝐴 = 𝐵)
 
Theoremmul0or 10416 If a product is zero, one of its factors must be zero. Theorem I.11 of [Apostol] p. 18. (Contributed by NM, 9-Oct-1999.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 27-May-2016.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℂ) → ((𝐴 · 𝐵) = 0 ↔ (𝐴 = 0 ∨ 𝐵 = 0)))
 
Theoremmulne0b 10417 The product of two nonzero numbers is nonzero. (Contributed by NM, 1-Aug-2004.) (Proof shortened by Andrew Salmon, 19-Nov-2011.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℂ) → ((𝐴 ≠ 0 ∧ 𝐵 ≠ 0) ↔ (𝐴 · 𝐵) ≠ 0))
 
Theoremmulne0 10418 The product of two nonzero numbers is nonzero. (Contributed by NM, 30-Dec-2007.)
(((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐴 ≠ 0) ∧ (𝐵 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐵 ≠ 0)) → (𝐴 · 𝐵) ≠ 0)
 
Theoremmulne0i 10419 The product of two nonzero numbers is nonzero. (Contributed by NM, 15-Feb-1995.)
𝐴 ∈ ℂ    &   𝐵 ∈ ℂ    &   𝐴 ≠ 0    &   𝐵 ≠ 0       (𝐴 · 𝐵) ≠ 0
 
Theoremmuleqadd 10420 Property of numbers whose product equals their sum. Equation 5 of [Kreyszig] p. 12. (Contributed by NM, 13-Nov-2006.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℂ) → ((𝐴 · 𝐵) = (𝐴 + 𝐵) ↔ ((𝐴 − 1) · (𝐵 − 1)) = 1))
 
Theoremreceu 10421* Existential uniqueness of reciprocals. Theorem I.8 of [Apostol] p. 18. (Contributed by NM, 29-Jan-1995.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 17-Feb-2014.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐵 ≠ 0) → ∃!𝑥 ∈ ℂ (𝐵 · 𝑥) = 𝐴)
 
Theoremmulnzcnopr 10422 Multiplication maps nonzero complex numbers to nonzero complex numbers. (Contributed by Steve Rodriguez, 23-Feb-2007.)
( · ↾ ((ℂ ∖ {0}) × (ℂ ∖ {0}))):((ℂ ∖ {0}) × (ℂ ∖ {0}))⟶(ℂ ∖ {0})
 
Theoremmsq0i 10423 A number is zero iff its square is zero (where square is represented using multiplication). (Contributed by NM, 28-Jul-1999.)
𝐴 ∈ ℂ       ((𝐴 · 𝐴) = 0 ↔ 𝐴 = 0)
 
Theoremmul0ori 10424 If a product is zero, one of its factors must be zero. Theorem I.11 of [Apostol] p. 18. (Contributed by NM, 7-Oct-1999.)
𝐴 ∈ ℂ    &   𝐵 ∈ ℂ       ((𝐴 · 𝐵) = 0 ↔ (𝐴 = 0 ∨ 𝐵 = 0))
 
Theoremmsq0d 10425 A number is zero iff its square is zero (where square is represented using multiplication). (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 27-May-2016.)
(𝜑𝐴 ∈ ℂ)       (𝜑 → ((𝐴 · 𝐴) = 0 ↔ 𝐴 = 0))
 
Theoremmul0ord 10426 If a product is zero, one of its factors must be zero. Theorem I.11 of [Apostol] p. 18. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 27-May-2016.)
(𝜑𝐴 ∈ ℂ)    &   (𝜑𝐵 ∈ ℂ)       (𝜑 → ((𝐴 · 𝐵) = 0 ↔ (𝐴 = 0 ∨ 𝐵 = 0)))
 
Theoremmulne0bd 10427 The product of two nonzero numbers is nonzero. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 27-May-2016.)
(𝜑𝐴 ∈ ℂ)    &   (𝜑𝐵 ∈ ℂ)       (𝜑 → ((𝐴 ≠ 0 ∧ 𝐵 ≠ 0) ↔ (𝐴 · 𝐵) ≠ 0))
 
Theoremmulne0d 10428 The product of two nonzero numbers is nonzero. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 27-May-2016.)
(𝜑𝐴 ∈ ℂ)    &   (𝜑𝐵 ∈ ℂ)    &   (𝜑𝐴 ≠ 0)    &   (𝜑𝐵 ≠ 0)       (𝜑 → (𝐴 · 𝐵) ≠ 0)
 
Theoremmulcan1g 10429 A generalized form of the cancellation law for multiplication. (Contributed by Scott Fenton, 17-Jun-2013.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐶 ∈ ℂ) → ((𝐴 · 𝐵) = (𝐴 · 𝐶) ↔ (𝐴 = 0 ∨ 𝐵 = 𝐶)))
 
Theoremmulcan2g 10430 A generalized form of the cancellation law for multiplication. (Contributed by Scott Fenton, 17-Jun-2013.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐶 ∈ ℂ) → ((𝐴 · 𝐶) = (𝐵 · 𝐶) ↔ (𝐴 = 𝐵𝐶 = 0)))
 
Theoremmulne0bad 10431 A factor of a nonzero complex number is nonzero. Partial converse of mulne0d 10428 and consequence of mulne0bd 10427. (Contributed by David Moews, 28-Feb-2017.)
(𝜑𝐴 ∈ ℂ)    &   (𝜑𝐵 ∈ ℂ)    &   (𝜑 → (𝐴 · 𝐵) ≠ 0)       (𝜑𝐴 ≠ 0)
 
Theoremmulne0bbd 10432 A factor of a nonzero complex number is nonzero. Partial converse of mulne0d 10428 and consequence of mulne0bd 10427. (Contributed by David Moews, 28-Feb-2017.)
(𝜑𝐴 ∈ ℂ)    &   (𝜑𝐵 ∈ ℂ)    &   (𝜑 → (𝐴 · 𝐵) ≠ 0)       (𝜑𝐵 ≠ 0)
 
5.3.6  Division
 
Syntaxcdiv 10433 Extend class notation to include division.
class /
 
Definitiondf-div 10434* Define division. Theorem divmuli 10528 relates it to multiplication, and divcli 10516 and redivcli 10541 prove its closure laws. (Contributed by NM, 2-Feb-1995.) Use divval 10436 instead. (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 1-Apr-2014.) (New usage is discouraged.)
/ = (𝑥 ∈ ℂ, 𝑦 ∈ (ℂ ∖ {0}) ↦ (𝑧 ∈ ℂ (𝑦 · 𝑧) = 𝑥))
 
Theorem1div0 10435 You can't divide by zero, because division explicitly excludes zero from the domain of the function. Thus, by the definition of function value, it evaluates to the empty set. (This theorem is for information only and normally is not referenced by other proofs. To be meaningful, it assumes that is not a complex number, which depends on the particular complex number construction that is used.) (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 1-Apr-2014.) (New usage is discouraged.)
(1 / 0) = ∅
 
Theoremdivval 10436* Value of division: if 𝐴 and 𝐵 are complex numbers with 𝐵 nonzero, then (𝐴 / 𝐵) is the (unique) complex number such that (𝐵 · 𝑥) = 𝐴. (Contributed by NM, 8-May-1999.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 17-Feb-2014.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐵 ≠ 0) → (𝐴 / 𝐵) = (𝑥 ∈ ℂ (𝐵 · 𝑥) = 𝐴))
 
Theoremdivmul 10437 Relationship between division and multiplication. (Contributed by NM, 2-Aug-2004.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 17-Feb-2014.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℂ ∧ (𝐶 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐶 ≠ 0)) → ((𝐴 / 𝐶) = 𝐵 ↔ (𝐶 · 𝐵) = 𝐴))
 
Theoremdivmul2 10438 Relationship between division and multiplication. (Contributed by NM, 7-Feb-2006.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℂ ∧ (𝐶 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐶 ≠ 0)) → ((𝐴 / 𝐶) = 𝐵𝐴 = (𝐶 · 𝐵)))
 
Theoremdivmul3 10439 Relationship between division and multiplication. (Contributed by NM, 13-Feb-2006.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℂ ∧ (𝐶 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐶 ≠ 0)) → ((𝐴 / 𝐶) = 𝐵𝐴 = (𝐵 · 𝐶)))
 
Theoremdivcl 10440 Closure law for division. (Contributed by NM, 21-Jul-2001.) (Proof shortened by Mario Carneiro, 17-Feb-2014.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐵 ≠ 0) → (𝐴 / 𝐵) ∈ ℂ)
 
Theoremreccl 10441 Closure law for reciprocal. (Contributed by NM, 30-Apr-2005.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐴 ≠ 0) → (1 / 𝐴) ∈ ℂ)
 
Theoremdivcan2 10442 A cancellation law for division. (Contributed by NM, 3-Feb-2004.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 27-May-2016.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐵 ≠ 0) → (𝐵 · (𝐴 / 𝐵)) = 𝐴)
 
Theoremdivcan1 10443 A cancellation law for division. (Contributed by NM, 5-Jun-2004.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 27-May-2016.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐵 ≠ 0) → ((𝐴 / 𝐵) · 𝐵) = 𝐴)
 
Theoremdiveq0 10444 A ratio is zero iff the numerator is zero. (Contributed by NM, 20-Apr-2006.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 27-May-2016.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐵 ≠ 0) → ((𝐴 / 𝐵) = 0 ↔ 𝐴 = 0))
 
Theoremdivne0b 10445 The ratio of nonzero numbers is nonzero. (Contributed by NM, 2-Aug-2004.) (Proof shortened by Mario Carneiro, 27-May-2016.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐵 ≠ 0) → (𝐴 ≠ 0 ↔ (𝐴 / 𝐵) ≠ 0))
 
Theoremdivne0 10446 The ratio of nonzero numbers is nonzero. (Contributed by NM, 28-Dec-2007.)
(((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐴 ≠ 0) ∧ (𝐵 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐵 ≠ 0)) → (𝐴 / 𝐵) ≠ 0)
 
Theoremrecne0 10447 The reciprocal of a nonzero number is nonzero. (Contributed by NM, 9-Feb-2006.) (Proof shortened by Mario Carneiro, 27-May-2016.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐴 ≠ 0) → (1 / 𝐴) ≠ 0)
 
Theoremrecid 10448 Multiplication of a number and its reciprocal. (Contributed by NM, 25-Oct-1999.) (Proof shortened by Mario Carneiro, 27-May-2016.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐴 ≠ 0) → (𝐴 · (1 / 𝐴)) = 1)
 
Theoremrecid2 10449 Multiplication of a number and its reciprocal. (Contributed by NM, 22-Jun-2006.) (Proof shortened by Mario Carneiro, 27-May-2016.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐴 ≠ 0) → ((1 / 𝐴) · 𝐴) = 1)
 
Theoremdivrec 10450 Relationship between division and reciprocal. Theorem I.9 of [Apostol] p. 18. (Contributed by NM, 2-Aug-2004.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 27-May-2016.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐵 ≠ 0) → (𝐴 / 𝐵) = (𝐴 · (1 / 𝐵)))
 
Theoremdivrec2 10451 Relationship between division and reciprocal. (Contributed by NM, 7-Feb-2006.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐵 ≠ 0) → (𝐴 / 𝐵) = ((1 / 𝐵) · 𝐴))
 
Theoremdivass 10452 An associative law for division. (Contributed by NM, 2-Aug-2004.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℂ ∧ (𝐶 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐶 ≠ 0)) → ((𝐴 · 𝐵) / 𝐶) = (𝐴 · (𝐵 / 𝐶)))
 
Theoremdiv23 10453 A commutative/associative law for division. (Contributed by NM, 2-Aug-2004.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℂ ∧ (𝐶 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐶 ≠ 0)) → ((𝐴 · 𝐵) / 𝐶) = ((𝐴 / 𝐶) · 𝐵))
 
Theoremdiv32 10454 A commutative/associative law for division. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 27-May-2016.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ (𝐵 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐵 ≠ 0) ∧ 𝐶 ∈ ℂ) → ((𝐴 / 𝐵) · 𝐶) = (𝐴 · (𝐶 / 𝐵)))
 
Theoremdiv13 10455 A commutative/associative law for division. (Contributed by NM, 22-Apr-2005.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ (𝐵 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐵 ≠ 0) ∧ 𝐶 ∈ ℂ) → ((𝐴 / 𝐵) · 𝐶) = ((𝐶 / 𝐵) · 𝐴))
 
Theoremdiv12 10456 A commutative/associative law for division. (Contributed by NM, 30-Apr-2005.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℂ ∧ (𝐶 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐶 ≠ 0)) → (𝐴 · (𝐵 / 𝐶)) = (𝐵 · (𝐴 / 𝐶)))
 
Theoremdivmulass 10457 An associative law for division and multiplication. (Contributed by AV, 10-Jul-2021.)
(((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐶 ∈ ℂ) ∧ (𝐷 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐷 ≠ 0)) → ((𝐴 · (𝐵 / 𝐷)) · 𝐶) = ((𝐴 · 𝐵) · (𝐶 / 𝐷)))
 
Theoremdivmulasscom 10458 An associative/commutative law for division and multiplication. (Contributed by AV, 10-Jul-2021.)
(((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐶 ∈ ℂ) ∧ (𝐷 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐷 ≠ 0)) → ((𝐴 · (𝐵 / 𝐷)) · 𝐶) = (𝐵 · ((𝐴 · 𝐶) / 𝐷)))
 
Theoremdivdir 10459 Distribution of division over addition. (Contributed by NM, 31-Jul-2004.) (Proof shortened by Mario Carneiro, 27-May-2016.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℂ ∧ (𝐶 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐶 ≠ 0)) → ((𝐴 + 𝐵) / 𝐶) = ((𝐴 / 𝐶) + (𝐵 / 𝐶)))
 
Theoremdivcan3 10460 A cancellation law for division. (Contributed by NM, 3-Feb-2004.) (Proof shortened by Mario Carneiro, 27-May-2016.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐵 ≠ 0) → ((𝐵 · 𝐴) / 𝐵) = 𝐴)
 
Theoremdivcan4 10461 A cancellation law for division. (Contributed by NM, 8-Feb-2005.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐵 ≠ 0) → ((𝐴 · 𝐵) / 𝐵) = 𝐴)
 
Theoremdiv11 10462 One-to-one relationship for division. (Contributed by NM, 20-Apr-2006.) (Proof shortened by Mario Carneiro, 27-May-2016.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℂ ∧ (𝐶 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐶 ≠ 0)) → ((𝐴 / 𝐶) = (𝐵 / 𝐶) ↔ 𝐴 = 𝐵))
 
Theoremdivid 10463 A number divided by itself is one. (Contributed by NM, 1-Aug-2004.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐴 ≠ 0) → (𝐴 / 𝐴) = 1)
 
Theoremdiv0 10464 Division into zero is zero. (Contributed by NM, 14-Mar-2005.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐴 ≠ 0) → (0 / 𝐴) = 0)
 
Theoremdiv1 10465 A number divided by 1 is itself. (Contributed by NM, 9-Jan-2002.) (Proof shortened by Mario Carneiro, 27-May-2016.)
(𝐴 ∈ ℂ → (𝐴 / 1) = 𝐴)
 
Theorem1div1e1 10466 1 divided by 1 is 1 (common case). (Contributed by David A. Wheeler, 7-Dec-2018.)
(1 / 1) = 1
 
Theoremdiveq1 10467 Equality in terms of unit ratio. (Contributed by Stefan O'Rear, 27-Aug-2015.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐵 ≠ 0) → ((𝐴 / 𝐵) = 1 ↔ 𝐴 = 𝐵))
 
Theoremdivneg 10468 Move negative sign inside of a division. (Contributed by NM, 17-Sep-2004.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐵 ≠ 0) → -(𝐴 / 𝐵) = (-𝐴 / 𝐵))
 
Theoremmuldivdir 10469 Distribution of division over addition with a multiplication. (Contributed by AV, 1-Jul-2021.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℂ ∧ (𝐶 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐶 ≠ 0)) → (((𝐶 · 𝐴) + 𝐵) / 𝐶) = (𝐴 + (𝐵 / 𝐶)))
 
Theoremdivsubdir 10470 Distribution of division over subtraction. (Contributed by NM, 4-Mar-2005.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℂ ∧ (𝐶 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐶 ≠ 0)) → ((𝐴𝐵) / 𝐶) = ((𝐴 / 𝐶) − (𝐵 / 𝐶)))
 
Theoremrecrec 10471 A number is equal to the reciprocal of its reciprocal. Theorem I.10 of [Apostol] p. 18. (Contributed by NM, 26-Sep-1999.) (Proof shortened by Mario Carneiro, 27-May-2016.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐴 ≠ 0) → (1 / (1 / 𝐴)) = 𝐴)
 
Theoremrec11 10472 Reciprocal is one-to-one. (Contributed by NM, 16-Sep-1999.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 27-May-2016.)
(((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐴 ≠ 0) ∧ (𝐵 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐵 ≠ 0)) → ((1 / 𝐴) = (1 / 𝐵) ↔ 𝐴 = 𝐵))
 
Theoremrec11r 10473 Mutual reciprocals. (Contributed by Paul Chapman, 18-Oct-2007.)
(((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐴 ≠ 0) ∧ (𝐵 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐵 ≠ 0)) → ((1 / 𝐴) = 𝐵 ↔ (1 / 𝐵) = 𝐴))
 
Theoremdivmuldiv 10474 Multiplication of two ratios. Theorem I.14 of [Apostol] p. 18. (Contributed by NM, 1-Aug-2004.)
(((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℂ) ∧ ((𝐶 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐶 ≠ 0) ∧ (𝐷 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐷 ≠ 0))) → ((𝐴 / 𝐶) · (𝐵 / 𝐷)) = ((𝐴 · 𝐵) / (𝐶 · 𝐷)))
 
Theoremdivdivdiv 10475 Division of two ratios. Theorem I.15 of [Apostol] p. 18. (Contributed by NM, 2-Aug-2004.)
(((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ (𝐵 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐵 ≠ 0)) ∧ ((𝐶 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐶 ≠ 0) ∧ (𝐷 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐷 ≠ 0))) → ((𝐴 / 𝐵) / (𝐶 / 𝐷)) = ((𝐴 · 𝐷) / (𝐵 · 𝐶)))
 
Theoremdivcan5 10476 Cancellation of common factor in a ratio. (Contributed by NM, 9-Jan-2006.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ (𝐵 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐵 ≠ 0) ∧ (𝐶 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐶 ≠ 0)) → ((𝐶 · 𝐴) / (𝐶 · 𝐵)) = (𝐴 / 𝐵))
 
Theoremdivmul13 10477 Swap the denominators in the product of two ratios. (Contributed by NM, 3-May-2005.)
(((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℂ) ∧ ((𝐶 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐶 ≠ 0) ∧ (𝐷 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐷 ≠ 0))) → ((𝐴 / 𝐶) · (𝐵 / 𝐷)) = ((𝐵 / 𝐶) · (𝐴 / 𝐷)))
 
Theoremdivmul24 10478 Swap the numerators in the product of two ratios. (Contributed by NM, 3-May-2005.)
(((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℂ) ∧ ((𝐶 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐶 ≠ 0) ∧ (𝐷 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐷 ≠ 0))) → ((𝐴 / 𝐶) · (𝐵 / 𝐷)) = ((𝐴 / 𝐷) · (𝐵 / 𝐶)))
 
Theoremdivmuleq 10479 Cross-multiply in an equality of ratios. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 23-Feb-2014.)
(((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℂ) ∧ ((𝐶 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐶 ≠ 0) ∧ (𝐷 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐷 ≠ 0))) → ((𝐴 / 𝐶) = (𝐵 / 𝐷) ↔ (𝐴 · 𝐷) = (𝐵 · 𝐶)))
 
Theoremrecdiv 10480 The reciprocal of a ratio. (Contributed by NM, 3-Aug-2004.)
(((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐴 ≠ 0) ∧ (𝐵 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐵 ≠ 0)) → (1 / (𝐴 / 𝐵)) = (𝐵 / 𝐴))
 
Theoremdivcan6 10481 Cancellation of inverted fractions. (Contributed by NM, 28-Dec-2007.)
(((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐴 ≠ 0) ∧ (𝐵 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐵 ≠ 0)) → ((𝐴 / 𝐵) · (𝐵 / 𝐴)) = 1)
 
Theoremdivdiv32 10482 Swap denominators in a division. (Contributed by NM, 2-Aug-2004.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ (𝐵 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐵 ≠ 0) ∧ (𝐶 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐶 ≠ 0)) → ((𝐴 / 𝐵) / 𝐶) = ((𝐴 / 𝐶) / 𝐵))
 
Theoremdivcan7 10483 Cancel equal divisors in a division. (Contributed by Jeff Hankins, 29-Sep-2013.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ (𝐵 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐵 ≠ 0) ∧ (𝐶 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐶 ≠ 0)) → ((𝐴 / 𝐶) / (𝐵 / 𝐶)) = (𝐴 / 𝐵))
 
Theoremdmdcan 10484 Cancellation law for division and multiplication. (Contributed by Scott Fenton, 7-Jun-2013.) (Proof shortened by Fan Zheng, 3-Jul-2016.)
(((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐴 ≠ 0) ∧ (𝐵 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐵 ≠ 0) ∧ 𝐶 ∈ ℂ) → ((𝐴 / 𝐵) · (𝐶 / 𝐴)) = (𝐶 / 𝐵))
 
Theoremdivdiv1 10485 Division into a fraction. (Contributed by NM, 31-Dec-2007.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ (𝐵 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐵 ≠ 0) ∧ (𝐶 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐶 ≠ 0)) → ((𝐴 / 𝐵) / 𝐶) = (𝐴 / (𝐵 · 𝐶)))
 
Theoremdivdiv2 10486 Division by a fraction. (Contributed by NM, 27-Dec-2008.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ (𝐵 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐵 ≠ 0) ∧ (𝐶 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐶 ≠ 0)) → (𝐴 / (𝐵 / 𝐶)) = ((𝐴 · 𝐶) / 𝐵))
 
Theoremrecdiv2 10487 Division into a reciprocal. (Contributed by NM, 19-Oct-2007.)
(((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐴 ≠ 0) ∧ (𝐵 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐵 ≠ 0)) → ((1 / 𝐴) / 𝐵) = (1 / (𝐴 · 𝐵)))
 
Theoremddcan 10488 Cancellation in a double division. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 26-Apr-2015.)
(((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐴 ≠ 0) ∧ (𝐵 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐵 ≠ 0)) → (𝐴 / (𝐴 / 𝐵)) = 𝐵)
 
Theoremdivadddiv 10489 Addition of two ratios. Theorem I.13 of [Apostol] p. 18. (Contributed by NM, 1-Aug-2004.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 2-May-2016.)
(((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℂ) ∧ ((𝐶 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐶 ≠ 0) ∧ (𝐷 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐷 ≠ 0))) → ((𝐴 / 𝐶) + (𝐵 / 𝐷)) = (((𝐴 · 𝐷) + (𝐵 · 𝐶)) / (𝐶 · 𝐷)))
 
Theoremdivsubdiv 10490 Subtraction of two ratios. (Contributed by Scott Fenton, 22-Apr-2014.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 2-May-2016.)
(((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℂ) ∧ ((𝐶 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐶 ≠ 0) ∧ (𝐷 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐷 ≠ 0))) → ((𝐴 / 𝐶) − (𝐵 / 𝐷)) = (((𝐴 · 𝐷) − (𝐵 · 𝐶)) / (𝐶 · 𝐷)))
 
Theoremconjmul 10491 Two numbers whose reciprocals sum to 1 are called "conjugates" and satisfy this relationship. Equation 5 of [Kreyszig] p. 12. (Contributed by NM, 12-Nov-2006.)
(((𝑃 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝑃 ≠ 0) ∧ (𝑄 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝑄 ≠ 0)) → (((1 / 𝑃) + (1 / 𝑄)) = 1 ↔ ((𝑃 − 1) · (𝑄 − 1)) = 1))
 
Theoremrereccl 10492 Closure law for reciprocal. (Contributed by NM, 30-Apr-2005.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 27-May-2016.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℝ ∧ 𝐴 ≠ 0) → (1 / 𝐴) ∈ ℝ)
 
Theoremredivcl 10493 Closure law for division of reals. (Contributed by NM, 27-Sep-1999.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 27-May-2016.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℝ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℝ ∧ 𝐵 ≠ 0) → (𝐴 / 𝐵) ∈ ℝ)
 
Theoremeqneg 10494 A number equal to its negative is zero. (Contributed by NM, 12-Jul-2005.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 27-May-2016.)
(𝐴 ∈ ℂ → (𝐴 = -𝐴𝐴 = 0))
 
Theoremeqnegd 10495 A complex number equals its negative iff it is zero. Deduction form of eqneg 10494. (Contributed by David Moews, 28-Feb-2017.)
(𝜑𝐴 ∈ ℂ)       (𝜑 → (𝐴 = -𝐴𝐴 = 0))
 
Theoremeqnegad 10496 If a complex number equals its own negative, it is zero. One-way deduction form of eqneg 10494. (Contributed by David Moews, 28-Feb-2017.)
(𝜑𝐴 ∈ ℂ)    &   (𝜑𝐴 = -𝐴)       (𝜑𝐴 = 0)
 
Theoremdiv2neg 10497 Quotient of two negatives. (Contributed by Paul Chapman, 10-Nov-2012.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐵 ≠ 0) → (-𝐴 / -𝐵) = (𝐴 / 𝐵))
 
Theoremdivneg2 10498 Move negative sign inside of a division. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 15-Sep-2014.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐵 ≠ 0) → -(𝐴 / 𝐵) = (𝐴 / -𝐵))
 
Theoremrecclzi 10499 Closure law for reciprocal. (Contributed by NM, 30-Apr-2005.)
𝐴 ∈ ℂ       (𝐴 ≠ 0 → (1 / 𝐴) ∈ ℂ)
 
Theoremrecne0zi 10500 The reciprocal of a nonzero number is nonzero. (Contributed by NM, 14-May-1999.)
𝐴 ∈ ℂ       (𝐴 ≠ 0 → (1 / 𝐴) ≠ 0)
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