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Theorem List for Metamath Proof Explorer - 12501-12600   *Has distinct variable group(s)
TypeLabelDescription
Statement
 
Theoremfzfi 12501 A finite interval of integers is finite. (Contributed by Jeff Madsen, 2-Sep-2009.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 12-Mar-2015.)
(𝑀...𝑁) ∈ Fin
 
Theoremfzfid 12502 Commonly used special case of fzfi 12501. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 25-May-2014.)
(𝜑 → (𝑀...𝑁) ∈ Fin)
 
Theoremfzofi 12503 Half-open integer sets are finite. (Contributed by Stefan O'Rear, 15-Aug-2015.)
(𝑀..^𝑁) ∈ Fin
 
Theoremfsequb 12504* The values of a finite real sequence have an upper bound. (Contributed by NM, 19-Sep-2005.) (Proof shortened by Mario Carneiro, 28-Apr-2015.)
(∀𝑘 ∈ (𝑀...𝑁)(𝐹𝑘) ∈ ℝ → ∃𝑥 ∈ ℝ ∀𝑘 ∈ (𝑀...𝑁)(𝐹𝑘) < 𝑥)
 
Theoremfsequb2 12505* The values of a finite real sequence have an upper bound. (Contributed by NM, 20-Sep-2005.) (Proof shortened by Mario Carneiro, 28-Apr-2015.)
(𝐹:(𝑀...𝑁)⟶ℝ → ∃𝑥 ∈ ℝ ∀𝑦 ∈ ran 𝐹 𝑦𝑥)
 
Theoremfseqsupcl 12506 The values of a finite real sequence have a supremum. (Contributed by NM, 20-Sep-2005.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 28-Apr-2015.)
((𝑁 ∈ (ℤ𝑀) ∧ 𝐹:(𝑀...𝑁)⟶ℝ) → sup(ran 𝐹, ℝ, < ) ∈ ℝ)
 
Theoremfseqsupubi 12507 The values of a finite real sequence are bounded by their supremum. (Contributed by NM, 20-Sep-2005.)
((𝐾 ∈ (𝑀...𝑁) ∧ 𝐹:(𝑀...𝑁)⟶ℝ) → (𝐹𝐾) ≤ sup(ran 𝐹, ℝ, < ))
 
Theoremnn0ennn 12508 The nonnegative integers are equinumerous to the positive integers. (Contributed by NM, 19-Jul-2004.)
0 ≈ ℕ
 
Theoremnnenom 12509 The set of positive integers (as a subset of complex numbers) is equinumerous to omega (the set of finite ordinal numbers). (Contributed by NM, 31-Jul-2004.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 15-Sep-2013.)
ℕ ≈ ω
 
Theoremnnct 12510 is countable. (Contributed by Thierry Arnoux, 29-Dec-2016.)
ℕ ≼ ω
 
Theoremuzindi 12511* Indirect strong induction on the upper integers. (Contributed by Stefan O'Rear, 25-Aug-2015.)
(𝜑𝐴𝑉)    &   (𝜑𝑇 ∈ (ℤ𝐿))    &   ((𝜑𝑅 ∈ (𝐿...𝑇) ∧ ∀𝑦(𝑆 ∈ (𝐿..^𝑅) → 𝜒)) → 𝜓)    &   (𝑥 = 𝑦 → (𝜓𝜒))    &   (𝑥 = 𝐴 → (𝜓𝜃))    &   (𝑥 = 𝑦𝑅 = 𝑆)    &   (𝑥 = 𝐴𝑅 = 𝑇)       (𝜑𝜃)
 
Theoremaxdc4uzlem 12512* Lemma for axdc4uz 12513. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 8-Jan-2014.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 26-Dec-2014.)
𝑀 ∈ ℤ    &   𝑍 = (ℤ𝑀)    &   𝐴 ∈ V    &   𝐺 = (rec((𝑦 ∈ V ↦ (𝑦 + 1)), 𝑀) ↾ ω)    &   𝐻 = (𝑛 ∈ ω, 𝑥𝐴 ↦ ((𝐺𝑛)𝐹𝑥))       ((𝐶𝐴𝐹:(𝑍 × 𝐴)⟶(𝒫 𝐴 ∖ {∅})) → ∃𝑔(𝑔:𝑍𝐴 ∧ (𝑔𝑀) = 𝐶 ∧ ∀𝑘𝑍 (𝑔‘(𝑘 + 1)) ∈ (𝑘𝐹(𝑔𝑘))))
 
Theoremaxdc4uz 12513* A version of axdc4 9037 that works on an upper set of integers instead of ω. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 8-Jan-2014.)
𝑀 ∈ ℤ    &   𝑍 = (ℤ𝑀)       ((𝐴𝑉𝐶𝐴𝐹:(𝑍 × 𝐴)⟶(𝒫 𝐴 ∖ {∅})) → ∃𝑔(𝑔:𝑍𝐴 ∧ (𝑔𝑀) = 𝐶 ∧ ∀𝑘𝑍 (𝑔‘(𝑘 + 1)) ∈ (𝑘𝐹(𝑔𝑘))))
 
Theoremssnn0fi 12514* A subset of the nonnegative integers is finite if and only if there is a nonnegative integer so that all integers greater than this integer are not contained in the subset. (Contributed by AV, 3-Oct-2019.)
(𝑆 ⊆ ℕ0 → (𝑆 ∈ Fin ↔ ∃𝑠 ∈ ℕ0𝑥 ∈ ℕ0 (𝑠 < 𝑥𝑥𝑆)))
 
Theoremrabssnn0fi 12515* A subset of the nonnegative integers defined by a restricted class abstraction is finite if there is a nonnegative integer so that for all integers greater than this integer the condition of the class abstraction is not fulfilled. (Contributed by AV, 3-Oct-2019.)
({𝑥 ∈ ℕ0𝜑} ∈ Fin ↔ ∃𝑠 ∈ ℕ0𝑥 ∈ ℕ0 (𝑠 < 𝑥 → ¬ 𝜑))
 
5.6.4  Strong induction over upper sets of integers
 
Theoremuzsinds 12516* Strong (or "total") induction principle over an upper set of integers. (Contributed by Scott Fenton, 16-May-2014.)
(𝑥 = 𝑦 → (𝜑𝜓))    &   (𝑥 = 𝑁 → (𝜑𝜒))    &   (𝑥 ∈ (ℤ𝑀) → (∀𝑦 ∈ (𝑀...(𝑥 − 1))𝜓𝜑))       (𝑁 ∈ (ℤ𝑀) → 𝜒)
 
Theoremnnsinds 12517* Strong (or "total") induction principle over the naturals. (Contributed by Scott Fenton, 16-May-2014.)
(𝑥 = 𝑦 → (𝜑𝜓))    &   (𝑥 = 𝑁 → (𝜑𝜒))    &   (𝑥 ∈ ℕ → (∀𝑦 ∈ (1...(𝑥 − 1))𝜓𝜑))       (𝑁 ∈ ℕ → 𝜒)
 
Theoremnn0sinds 12518* Strong (or "total") induction principle over the nonnegative integers. (Contributed by Scott Fenton, 16-May-2014.)
(𝑥 = 𝑦 → (𝜑𝜓))    &   (𝑥 = 𝑁 → (𝜑𝜒))    &   (𝑥 ∈ ℕ0 → (∀𝑦 ∈ (0...(𝑥 − 1))𝜓𝜑))       (𝑁 ∈ ℕ0𝜒)
 
5.6.5  Finitely supported functions over the nonnegative integers
 
Theoremfsuppmapnn0fiublem 12519* Lemma for fsuppmapnn0fiub 12520 and fsuppmapnn0fiubex 12522. (Contributed by AV, 2-Oct-2019.)
𝑈 = 𝑓𝑀 (𝑓 supp 𝑍)    &   𝑆 = sup(𝑈, ℝ, < )       ((𝑀 ⊆ (𝑅𝑚0) ∧ 𝑀 ∈ Fin ∧ 𝑍𝑉) → ((∀𝑓𝑀 𝑓 finSupp 𝑍𝑈 ≠ ∅) → 𝑆 ∈ ℕ0))
 
Theoremfsuppmapnn0fiub 12520* If all functions of a finite set of functions over the nonnegative integers are finitely supported, then the support of all these functions is contained in a finite set of sequential integers starting at 0 and ending with the supremum of the union of the support of these functions. (Contributed by AV, 2-Oct-2019.) (Proof shortened by JJ, 2-Aug-2021.)
𝑈 = 𝑓𝑀 (𝑓 supp 𝑍)    &   𝑆 = sup(𝑈, ℝ, < )       ((𝑀 ⊆ (𝑅𝑚0) ∧ 𝑀 ∈ Fin ∧ 𝑍𝑉) → ((∀𝑓𝑀 𝑓 finSupp 𝑍𝑈 ≠ ∅) → ∀𝑓𝑀 (𝑓 supp 𝑍) ⊆ (0...𝑆)))
 
Theoremfsuppmapnn0fiubOLD 12521* Obsolete proof of fsuppmapnn0fiub 12520 as of 2-Aug-2021. (Contributed by AV, 2-Oct-2019.) (New usage is discouraged.) (Proof modification is discouraged.)
𝑈 = 𝑓𝑀 (𝑓 supp 𝑍)    &   𝑆 = sup(𝑈, ℝ, < )       ((𝑀 ⊆ (𝑅𝑚0) ∧ 𝑀 ∈ Fin ∧ 𝑍𝑉) → ((∀𝑓𝑀 𝑓 finSupp 𝑍𝑈 ≠ ∅) → ∀𝑓𝑀 (𝑓 supp 𝑍) ⊆ (0...𝑆)))
 
Theoremfsuppmapnn0fiubex 12522* If all functions of a finite set of functions over the nonnegative integers are finitely supported, then the support of all these functions is contained in a finite set of sequential integers starting at 0. (Contributed by AV, 2-Oct-2019.)
((𝑀 ⊆ (𝑅𝑚0) ∧ 𝑀 ∈ Fin ∧ 𝑍𝑉) → (∀𝑓𝑀 𝑓 finSupp 𝑍 → ∃𝑚 ∈ ℕ0𝑓𝑀 (𝑓 supp 𝑍) ⊆ (0...𝑚)))
 
Theoremfsuppmapnn0fiub0 12523* If all functions of a finite set of functions over the nonnegative integers are finitely supported, then all these functions are zero for all integers greater than a fixed integer. (Contributed by AV, 3-Oct-2019.)
((𝑀 ⊆ (𝑅𝑚0) ∧ 𝑀 ∈ Fin ∧ 𝑍𝑉) → (∀𝑓𝑀 𝑓 finSupp 𝑍 → ∃𝑚 ∈ ℕ0𝑓𝑀𝑥 ∈ ℕ0 (𝑚 < 𝑥 → (𝑓𝑥) = 𝑍)))
 
Theoremsuppssfz 12524* Condition for a function over the nonnegative integers to have a support contained in a finite set of sequential integers. (Contributed by AV, 9-Oct-2019.)
(𝜑𝑍𝑉)    &   (𝜑𝐹 ∈ (𝐵𝑚0))    &   (𝜑𝑆 ∈ ℕ0)    &   (𝜑 → ∀𝑥 ∈ ℕ0 (𝑆 < 𝑥 → (𝐹𝑥) = 𝑍))       (𝜑 → (𝐹 supp 𝑍) ⊆ (0...𝑆))
 
Theoremfsuppmapnn0ub 12525* If a function over the nonnegative integers is finitely supported, then there is an upper bound for the arguments resulting in nonzero values. (Contributed by AV, 6-Oct-2019.)
((𝐹 ∈ (𝑅𝑚0) ∧ 𝑍𝑉) → (𝐹 finSupp 𝑍 → ∃𝑚 ∈ ℕ0𝑥 ∈ ℕ0 (𝑚 < 𝑥 → (𝐹𝑥) = 𝑍)))
 
Theoremfsuppmapnn0fz 12526* If a function over the nonnegative integers is finitely supported, then there is an upper bound for a finite set of sequential integers containing the support of the function. (Contributed by AV, 30-Sep-2019.) (Proof shortened by AV, 6-Oct-2019.)
((𝐹 ∈ (𝑅𝑚0) ∧ 𝑍𝑉) → (𝐹 finSupp 𝑍 → ∃𝑚 ∈ ℕ0 (𝐹 supp 𝑍) ⊆ (0...𝑚)))
 
Theoremmptnn0fsupp 12527* A mapping from the nonnegative integers is finitely supported under certain conditions. (Contributed by AV, 5-Oct-2019.) (Revised by AV, 23-Dec-2019.)
(𝜑0𝑉)    &   ((𝜑𝑘 ∈ ℕ0) → 𝐶𝐵)    &   (𝜑 → ∃𝑠 ∈ ℕ0𝑥 ∈ ℕ0 (𝑠 < 𝑥𝑥 / 𝑘𝐶 = 0 ))       (𝜑 → (𝑘 ∈ ℕ0𝐶) finSupp 0 )
 
Theoremmptnn0fsuppd 12528* A mapping from the nonnegative integers is finitely supported under certain conditions. (Contributed by AV, 2-Dec-2019.) (Revised by AV, 23-Dec-2019.)
(𝜑0𝑉)    &   ((𝜑𝑘 ∈ ℕ0) → 𝐶𝐵)    &   (𝑘 = 𝑥𝐶 = 𝐷)    &   (𝜑 → ∃𝑠 ∈ ℕ0𝑥 ∈ ℕ0 (𝑠 < 𝑥𝐷 = 0 ))       (𝜑 → (𝑘 ∈ ℕ0𝐶) finSupp 0 )
 
Theoremmptnn0fsuppr 12529* A finitely supported mapping from the nonnegative integers fulfills certain conditions. (Contributed by AV, 3-Nov-2019.) (Revised by AV, 23-Dec-2019.)
(𝜑0𝑉)    &   ((𝜑𝑘 ∈ ℕ0) → 𝐶𝐵)    &   (𝜑 → (𝑘 ∈ ℕ0𝐶) finSupp 0 )       (𝜑 → ∃𝑠 ∈ ℕ0𝑥 ∈ ℕ0 (𝑠 < 𝑥𝑥 / 𝑘𝐶 = 0 ))
 
Theoremf13idfv 12530 A one-to-one function with the domain { 0, 1 ,2 } in terms of function values. (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 26-Jan-2018.)
𝐴 = (0...2)       (𝐹:𝐴1-1𝐵 ↔ (𝐹:𝐴𝐵 ∧ ((𝐹‘0) ≠ (𝐹‘1) ∧ (𝐹‘0) ≠ (𝐹‘2) ∧ (𝐹‘1) ≠ (𝐹‘2))))
 
5.6.6  The infinite sequence builder "seq"
 
Syntaxcseq 12531 Extend class notation with recursive sequence builder.
class seq𝑀( + , 𝐹)
 
Definitiondf-seq 12532* Define a general-purpose operation that builds a recursive sequence (i.e. a function on the positive integers or some other upper integer set) whose value at an index is a function of its previous value and the value of an input sequence at that index. This definition is complicated, but fortunately it is not intended to be used directly. Instead, the only purpose of this definition is to provide us with an object that has the properties expressed by seq1 12544 and seqp1 12546. Typically, those are the main theorems that would be used in practice.

The first operand in the parentheses is the operation that is applied to the previous value and the value of the input sequence (second operand). The operand to the left of the parenthesis is the integer to start from. For example, for the operation +, an input sequence 𝐹 with values 1, 1/2, 1/4, 1/8,... would be transformed into the output sequence seq1( + , 𝐹) with values 1, 3/2, 7/4, 15/8,.., so that (seq1( + , 𝐹)‘1) = 1, (seq1( + , 𝐹)‘2) = 3/2, etc. In other words, seq𝑀( + , 𝐹) transforms a sequence 𝐹 into an infinite series. seq𝑀( + , 𝐹) ⇝ 2 means "the sum of F(n) from n = M to infinity is 2." Since limits are unique (climuni 13997), by climdm 13999 the "sum of F(n) from n = 1 to infinity" can be expressed as ( ⇝ ‘seq1( + , 𝐹)) (provided the sequence converges) and evaluates to 2 in this example.

Internally, the rec function generates as its values a set of ordered pairs starting at 𝑀, (𝐹𝑀)⟩, with the first member of each pair incremented by one in each successive value. So, the range of rec is exactly the sequence we want, and we just extract the range (restricted to omega) and throw away the domain.

This definition has its roots in a series of theorems from om2uz0i 12476 through om2uzf1oi 12482, originally proved by Raph Levien for use with df-exp 12591 and later generalized for arbitrary recursive sequences. Definition df-sum 14134 extracts the summation values from partial (finite) and complete (infinite) series. (Contributed by NM, 18-Apr-2005.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 4-Sep-2013.)

seq𝑀( + , 𝐹) = (rec((𝑥 ∈ V, 𝑦 ∈ V ↦ ⟨(𝑥 + 1), (𝑦 + (𝐹‘(𝑥 + 1)))⟩), ⟨𝑀, (𝐹𝑀)⟩) “ ω)
 
Theoremseqex 12533 Existence of the sequence builder operation. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 4-Sep-2013.)
seq𝑀( + , 𝐹) ∈ V
 
Theoremseqeq1 12534 Equality theorem for the sequence builder operation. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 4-Sep-2013.)
(𝑀 = 𝑁 → seq𝑀( + , 𝐹) = seq𝑁( + , 𝐹))
 
Theoremseqeq2 12535 Equality theorem for the sequence builder operation. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 4-Sep-2013.)
( + = 𝑄 → seq𝑀( + , 𝐹) = seq𝑀(𝑄, 𝐹))
 
Theoremseqeq3 12536 Equality theorem for the sequence builder operation. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 4-Sep-2013.)
(𝐹 = 𝐺 → seq𝑀( + , 𝐹) = seq𝑀( + , 𝐺))
 
Theoremseqeq1d 12537 Equality deduction for the sequence builder operation. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 7-Sep-2013.)
(𝜑𝐴 = 𝐵)       (𝜑 → seq𝐴( + , 𝐹) = seq𝐵( + , 𝐹))
 
Theoremseqeq2d 12538 Equality deduction for the sequence builder operation. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 7-Sep-2013.)
(𝜑𝐴 = 𝐵)       (𝜑 → seq𝑀(𝐴, 𝐹) = seq𝑀(𝐵, 𝐹))
 
Theoremseqeq3d 12539 Equality deduction for the sequence builder operation. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 7-Sep-2013.)
(𝜑𝐴 = 𝐵)       (𝜑 → seq𝑀( + , 𝐴) = seq𝑀( + , 𝐵))
 
Theoremseqeq123d 12540 Equality deduction for the sequence builder operation. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 7-Sep-2013.)
(𝜑𝑀 = 𝑁)    &   (𝜑+ = 𝑄)    &   (𝜑𝐹 = 𝐺)       (𝜑 → seq𝑀( + , 𝐹) = seq𝑁(𝑄, 𝐺))
 
Theoremnfseq 12541 Hypothesis builder for the sequence builder operation. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 24-Jun-2013.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 15-Oct-2016.)
𝑥𝑀    &   𝑥 +    &   𝑥𝐹       𝑥seq𝑀( + , 𝐹)
 
Theoremseqval 12542* Value of the sequence builder function. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 24-Jun-2013.)
𝑅 = (rec((𝑥 ∈ V, 𝑦 ∈ V ↦ ⟨(𝑥 + 1), (𝑥(𝑧 ∈ V, 𝑤 ∈ V ↦ (𝑤 + (𝐹‘(𝑧 + 1))))𝑦)⟩), ⟨𝑀, (𝐹𝑀)⟩) ↾ ω)       seq𝑀( + , 𝐹) = ran 𝑅
 
Theoremseqfn 12543 The sequence builder function is a function. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 24-Jun-2013.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 15-Sep-2013.)
(𝑀 ∈ ℤ → seq𝑀( + , 𝐹) Fn (ℤ𝑀))
 
Theoremseq1 12544 Value of the sequence builder function at its initial value. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 24-Jun-2013.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 15-Sep-2013.)
(𝑀 ∈ ℤ → (seq𝑀( + , 𝐹)‘𝑀) = (𝐹𝑀))
 
Theoremseq1i 12545 Value of the sequence builder function at its initial value. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 30-Apr-2014.)
𝑀 ∈ ℤ    &   (𝜑 → (𝐹𝑀) = 𝐴)       (𝜑 → (seq𝑀( + , 𝐹)‘𝑀) = 𝐴)
 
Theoremseqp1 12546 Value of the sequence builder function at a successor. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 24-Jun-2013.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 15-Sep-2013.)
(𝑁 ∈ (ℤ𝑀) → (seq𝑀( + , 𝐹)‘(𝑁 + 1)) = ((seq𝑀( + , 𝐹)‘𝑁) + (𝐹‘(𝑁 + 1))))
 
Theoremseqp1i 12547 Value of the sequence builder function at a successor. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 30-Apr-2014.)
𝑍 = (ℤ𝑀)    &   𝑁𝑍    &   𝐾 = (𝑁 + 1)    &   (𝜑 → (seq𝑀( + , 𝐹)‘𝑁) = 𝐴)    &   (𝜑 → (𝐹𝐾) = 𝐵)       (𝜑 → (seq𝑀( + , 𝐹)‘𝐾) = (𝐴 + 𝐵))
 
Theoremseqm1 12548 Value of the sequence builder function at a successor. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 24-Jun-2013.)
((𝑀 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ (ℤ‘(𝑀 + 1))) → (seq𝑀( + , 𝐹)‘𝑁) = ((seq𝑀( + , 𝐹)‘(𝑁 − 1)) + (𝐹𝑁)))
 
Theoremseqcl2 12549* Closure properties of the recursive sequence builder. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 2-Jul-2013.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 27-May-2014.)
(𝜑 → (𝐹𝑀) ∈ 𝐶)    &   ((𝜑 ∧ (𝑥𝐶𝑦𝐷)) → (𝑥 + 𝑦) ∈ 𝐶)    &   (𝜑𝑁 ∈ (ℤ𝑀))    &   ((𝜑𝑥 ∈ ((𝑀 + 1)...𝑁)) → (𝐹𝑥) ∈ 𝐷)       (𝜑 → (seq𝑀( + , 𝐹)‘𝑁) ∈ 𝐶)
 
Theoremseqf2 12550* Range of the recursive sequence builder. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 24-Jun-2013.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 27-May-2014.)
(𝜑 → (𝐹𝑀) ∈ 𝐶)    &   ((𝜑 ∧ (𝑥𝐶𝑦𝐷)) → (𝑥 + 𝑦) ∈ 𝐶)    &   𝑍 = (ℤ𝑀)    &   (𝜑𝑀 ∈ ℤ)    &   ((𝜑𝑥 ∈ (ℤ‘(𝑀 + 1))) → (𝐹𝑥) ∈ 𝐷)       (𝜑 → seq𝑀( + , 𝐹):𝑍𝐶)
 
Theoremseqcl 12551* Closure properties of the recursive sequence builder. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 2-Jul-2013.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 27-May-2014.)
(𝜑𝑁 ∈ (ℤ𝑀))    &   ((𝜑𝑥 ∈ (𝑀...𝑁)) → (𝐹𝑥) ∈ 𝑆)    &   ((𝜑 ∧ (𝑥𝑆𝑦𝑆)) → (𝑥 + 𝑦) ∈ 𝑆)       (𝜑 → (seq𝑀( + , 𝐹)‘𝑁) ∈ 𝑆)
 
Theoremseqf 12552* Range of the recursive sequence builder (special case of seqf2 12550). (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 24-Jun-2013.)
𝑍 = (ℤ𝑀)    &   (𝜑𝑀 ∈ ℤ)    &   ((𝜑𝑥𝑍) → (𝐹𝑥) ∈ 𝑆)    &   ((𝜑 ∧ (𝑥𝑆𝑦𝑆)) → (𝑥 + 𝑦) ∈ 𝑆)       (𝜑 → seq𝑀( + , 𝐹):𝑍𝑆)
 
Theoremseqfveq2 12553* Equality of sequences. (Contributed by NM, 17-Mar-2005.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 27-May-2014.)
(𝜑𝐾 ∈ (ℤ𝑀))    &   (𝜑 → (seq𝑀( + , 𝐹)‘𝐾) = (𝐺𝐾))    &   (𝜑𝑁 ∈ (ℤ𝐾))    &   ((𝜑𝑘 ∈ ((𝐾 + 1)...𝑁)) → (𝐹𝑘) = (𝐺𝑘))       (𝜑 → (seq𝑀( + , 𝐹)‘𝑁) = (seq𝐾( + , 𝐺)‘𝑁))
 
Theoremseqfeq2 12554* Equality of sequences. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 13-Jul-2013.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 27-May-2014.)
(𝜑𝐾 ∈ (ℤ𝑀))    &   (𝜑 → (seq𝑀( + , 𝐹)‘𝐾) = (𝐺𝐾))    &   ((𝜑𝑘 ∈ (ℤ‘(𝐾 + 1))) → (𝐹𝑘) = (𝐺𝑘))       (𝜑 → (seq𝑀( + , 𝐹) ↾ (ℤ𝐾)) = seq𝐾( + , 𝐺))
 
Theoremseqfveq 12555* Equality of sequences. (Contributed by NM, 17-Mar-2005.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 27-May-2014.)
(𝜑𝑁 ∈ (ℤ𝑀))    &   ((𝜑𝑘 ∈ (𝑀...𝑁)) → (𝐹𝑘) = (𝐺𝑘))       (𝜑 → (seq𝑀( + , 𝐹)‘𝑁) = (seq𝑀( + , 𝐺)‘𝑁))
 
Theoremseqfeq 12556* Equality of sequences. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 13-Jul-2013.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 27-May-2014.)
(𝜑𝑀 ∈ ℤ)    &   ((𝜑𝑘 ∈ (ℤ𝑀)) → (𝐹𝑘) = (𝐺𝑘))       (𝜑 → seq𝑀( + , 𝐹) = seq𝑀( + , 𝐺))
 
Theoremseqshft2 12557* Shifting the index set of a sequence. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 27-Feb-2014.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 27-May-2014.)
(𝜑𝑁 ∈ (ℤ𝑀))    &   (𝜑𝐾 ∈ ℤ)    &   ((𝜑𝑘 ∈ (𝑀...𝑁)) → (𝐹𝑘) = (𝐺‘(𝑘 + 𝐾)))       (𝜑 → (seq𝑀( + , 𝐹)‘𝑁) = (seq(𝑀 + 𝐾)( + , 𝐺)‘(𝑁 + 𝐾)))
 
Theoremseqres 12558 Restricting its characteristic function to (ℤ𝑀) does not affect the seq function. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 24-Jun-2013.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 27-May-2014.)
(𝑀 ∈ ℤ → seq𝑀( + , (𝐹 ↾ (ℤ𝑀))) = seq𝑀( + , 𝐹))
 
Theoremserf 12559* An infinite series of complex terms is a function from to . (Contributed by NM, 18-Apr-2005.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 27-May-2014.)
𝑍 = (ℤ𝑀)    &   (𝜑𝑀 ∈ ℤ)    &   ((𝜑𝑘𝑍) → (𝐹𝑘) ∈ ℂ)       (𝜑 → seq𝑀( + , 𝐹):𝑍⟶ℂ)
 
Theoremserfre 12560* An infinite series of real numbers is a function from to . (Contributed by NM, 18-Apr-2005.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 27-May-2014.)
𝑍 = (ℤ𝑀)    &   (𝜑𝑀 ∈ ℤ)    &   ((𝜑𝑘𝑍) → (𝐹𝑘) ∈ ℝ)       (𝜑 → seq𝑀( + , 𝐹):𝑍⟶ℝ)
 
Theoremmonoord 12561* Ordering relation for a monotonic sequence, increasing case. (Contributed by NM, 13-Mar-2005.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 9-Feb-2014.)
(𝜑𝑁 ∈ (ℤ𝑀))    &   ((𝜑𝑘 ∈ (𝑀...𝑁)) → (𝐹𝑘) ∈ ℝ)    &   ((𝜑𝑘 ∈ (𝑀...(𝑁 − 1))) → (𝐹𝑘) ≤ (𝐹‘(𝑘 + 1)))       (𝜑 → (𝐹𝑀) ≤ (𝐹𝑁))
 
Theoremmonoord2 12562* Ordering relation for a monotonic sequence, decreasing case. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 18-Jul-2014.)
(𝜑𝑁 ∈ (ℤ𝑀))    &   ((𝜑𝑘 ∈ (𝑀...𝑁)) → (𝐹𝑘) ∈ ℝ)    &   ((𝜑𝑘 ∈ (𝑀...(𝑁 − 1))) → (𝐹‘(𝑘 + 1)) ≤ (𝐹𝑘))       (𝜑 → (𝐹𝑁) ≤ (𝐹𝑀))
 
Theoremsermono 12563* The partial sums in an infinite series of positive terms form a monotonic sequence. (Contributed by NM, 17-Mar-2005.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 30-Jun-2013.)
(𝜑𝐾 ∈ (ℤ𝑀))    &   (𝜑𝑁 ∈ (ℤ𝐾))    &   ((𝜑𝑥 ∈ (𝑀...𝑁)) → (𝐹𝑥) ∈ ℝ)    &   ((𝜑𝑥 ∈ ((𝐾 + 1)...𝑁)) → 0 ≤ (𝐹𝑥))       (𝜑 → (seq𝑀( + , 𝐹)‘𝐾) ≤ (seq𝑀( + , 𝐹)‘𝑁))
 
Theoremseqsplit 12564* Split a sequence into two sequences. (Contributed by NM, 17-Mar-2005.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 27-May-2014.)
((𝜑 ∧ (𝑥𝑆𝑦𝑆)) → (𝑥 + 𝑦) ∈ 𝑆)    &   ((𝜑 ∧ (𝑥𝑆𝑦𝑆𝑧𝑆)) → ((𝑥 + 𝑦) + 𝑧) = (𝑥 + (𝑦 + 𝑧)))    &   (𝜑𝑁 ∈ (ℤ‘(𝑀 + 1)))    &   (𝜑𝑀 ∈ (ℤ𝐾))    &   ((𝜑𝑥 ∈ (𝐾...𝑁)) → (𝐹𝑥) ∈ 𝑆)       (𝜑 → (seq𝐾( + , 𝐹)‘𝑁) = ((seq𝐾( + , 𝐹)‘𝑀) + (seq(𝑀 + 1)( + , 𝐹)‘𝑁)))
 
Theoremseq1p 12565* Removing the first term from a sequence. (Contributed by NM, 17-Mar-2005.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 27-May-2014.)
((𝜑 ∧ (𝑥𝑆𝑦𝑆)) → (𝑥 + 𝑦) ∈ 𝑆)    &   ((𝜑 ∧ (𝑥𝑆𝑦𝑆𝑧𝑆)) → ((𝑥 + 𝑦) + 𝑧) = (𝑥 + (𝑦 + 𝑧)))    &   (𝜑𝑁 ∈ (ℤ‘(𝑀 + 1)))    &   (𝜑𝑀 ∈ ℤ)    &   ((𝜑𝑥 ∈ (𝑀...𝑁)) → (𝐹𝑥) ∈ 𝑆)       (𝜑 → (seq𝑀( + , 𝐹)‘𝑁) = ((𝐹𝑀) + (seq(𝑀 + 1)( + , 𝐹)‘𝑁)))
 
Theoremseqcaopr3 12566* Lemma for seqcaopr2 12567. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 25-Apr-2016.)
((𝜑 ∧ (𝑥𝑆𝑦𝑆)) → (𝑥 + 𝑦) ∈ 𝑆)    &   ((𝜑 ∧ (𝑥𝑆𝑦𝑆)) → (𝑥𝑄𝑦) ∈ 𝑆)    &   (𝜑𝑁 ∈ (ℤ𝑀))    &   ((𝜑𝑘 ∈ (𝑀...𝑁)) → (𝐹𝑘) ∈ 𝑆)    &   ((𝜑𝑘 ∈ (𝑀...𝑁)) → (𝐺𝑘) ∈ 𝑆)    &   ((𝜑𝑘 ∈ (𝑀...𝑁)) → (𝐻𝑘) = ((𝐹𝑘)𝑄(𝐺𝑘)))    &   ((𝜑𝑛 ∈ (𝑀..^𝑁)) → (((seq𝑀( + , 𝐹)‘𝑛)𝑄(seq𝑀( + , 𝐺)‘𝑛)) + ((𝐹‘(𝑛 + 1))𝑄(𝐺‘(𝑛 + 1)))) = (((seq𝑀( + , 𝐹)‘𝑛) + (𝐹‘(𝑛 + 1)))𝑄((seq𝑀( + , 𝐺)‘𝑛) + (𝐺‘(𝑛 + 1)))))       (𝜑 → (seq𝑀( + , 𝐻)‘𝑁) = ((seq𝑀( + , 𝐹)‘𝑁)𝑄(seq𝑀( + , 𝐺)‘𝑁)))
 
Theoremseqcaopr2 12567* The sum of two infinite series (generalized to an arbitrary commutative and associative operation). (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 30-May-2014.)
((𝜑 ∧ (𝑥𝑆𝑦𝑆)) → (𝑥 + 𝑦) ∈ 𝑆)    &   ((𝜑 ∧ (𝑥𝑆𝑦𝑆)) → (𝑥𝑄𝑦) ∈ 𝑆)    &   ((𝜑 ∧ ((𝑥𝑆𝑦𝑆) ∧ (𝑧𝑆𝑤𝑆))) → ((𝑥𝑄𝑧) + (𝑦𝑄𝑤)) = ((𝑥 + 𝑦)𝑄(𝑧 + 𝑤)))    &   (𝜑𝑁 ∈ (ℤ𝑀))    &   ((𝜑𝑘 ∈ (𝑀...𝑁)) → (𝐹𝑘) ∈ 𝑆)    &   ((𝜑𝑘 ∈ (𝑀...𝑁)) → (𝐺𝑘) ∈ 𝑆)    &   ((𝜑𝑘 ∈ (𝑀...𝑁)) → (𝐻𝑘) = ((𝐹𝑘)𝑄(𝐺𝑘)))       (𝜑 → (seq𝑀( + , 𝐻)‘𝑁) = ((seq𝑀( + , 𝐹)‘𝑁)𝑄(seq𝑀( + , 𝐺)‘𝑁)))
 
Theoremseqcaopr 12568* The sum of two infinite series (generalized to an arbitrary commutative and associative operation). (Contributed by NM, 17-Mar-2005.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 30-May-2014.)
((𝜑 ∧ (𝑥𝑆𝑦𝑆)) → (𝑥 + 𝑦) ∈ 𝑆)    &   ((𝜑 ∧ (𝑥𝑆𝑦𝑆)) → (𝑥 + 𝑦) = (𝑦 + 𝑥))    &   ((𝜑 ∧ (𝑥𝑆𝑦𝑆𝑧𝑆)) → ((𝑥 + 𝑦) + 𝑧) = (𝑥 + (𝑦 + 𝑧)))    &   (𝜑𝑁 ∈ (ℤ𝑀))    &   ((𝜑𝑘 ∈ (𝑀...𝑁)) → (𝐹𝑘) ∈ 𝑆)    &   ((𝜑𝑘 ∈ (𝑀...𝑁)) → (𝐺𝑘) ∈ 𝑆)    &   ((𝜑𝑘 ∈ (𝑀...𝑁)) → (𝐻𝑘) = ((𝐹𝑘) + (𝐺𝑘)))       (𝜑 → (seq𝑀( + , 𝐻)‘𝑁) = ((seq𝑀( + , 𝐹)‘𝑁) + (seq𝑀( + , 𝐺)‘𝑁)))
 
Theoremseqf1olem2a 12569* Lemma for seqf1o 12572. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 24-Apr-2016.)
((𝜑 ∧ (𝑥𝑆𝑦𝑆)) → (𝑥 + 𝑦) ∈ 𝑆)    &   ((𝜑 ∧ (𝑥𝐶𝑦𝐶)) → (𝑥 + 𝑦) = (𝑦 + 𝑥))    &   ((𝜑 ∧ (𝑥𝑆𝑦𝑆𝑧𝑆)) → ((𝑥 + 𝑦) + 𝑧) = (𝑥 + (𝑦 + 𝑧)))    &   (𝜑𝑁 ∈ (ℤ𝑀))    &   (𝜑𝐶𝑆)    &   (𝜑𝐺:𝐴𝐶)    &   (𝜑𝐾𝐴)    &   (𝜑 → (𝑀...𝑁) ⊆ 𝐴)       (𝜑 → ((𝐺𝐾) + (seq𝑀( + , 𝐺)‘𝑁)) = ((seq𝑀( + , 𝐺)‘𝑁) + (𝐺𝐾)))
 
Theoremseqf1olem1 12570* Lemma for seqf1o 12572. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 26-Feb-2014.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 27-May-2014.)
((𝜑 ∧ (𝑥𝑆𝑦𝑆)) → (𝑥 + 𝑦) ∈ 𝑆)    &   ((𝜑 ∧ (𝑥𝐶𝑦𝐶)) → (𝑥 + 𝑦) = (𝑦 + 𝑥))    &   ((𝜑 ∧ (𝑥𝑆𝑦𝑆𝑧𝑆)) → ((𝑥 + 𝑦) + 𝑧) = (𝑥 + (𝑦 + 𝑧)))    &   (𝜑𝑁 ∈ (ℤ𝑀))    &   (𝜑𝐶𝑆)    &   (𝜑𝐹:(𝑀...(𝑁 + 1))–1-1-onto→(𝑀...(𝑁 + 1)))    &   (𝜑𝐺:(𝑀...(𝑁 + 1))⟶𝐶)    &   𝐽 = (𝑘 ∈ (𝑀...𝑁) ↦ (𝐹‘if(𝑘 < 𝐾, 𝑘, (𝑘 + 1))))    &   𝐾 = (𝐹‘(𝑁 + 1))       (𝜑𝐽:(𝑀...𝑁)–1-1-onto→(𝑀...𝑁))
 
Theoremseqf1olem2 12571* Lemma for seqf1o 12572. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 27-Feb-2014.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 24-Apr-2016.)
((𝜑 ∧ (𝑥𝑆𝑦𝑆)) → (𝑥 + 𝑦) ∈ 𝑆)    &   ((𝜑 ∧ (𝑥𝐶𝑦𝐶)) → (𝑥 + 𝑦) = (𝑦 + 𝑥))    &   ((𝜑 ∧ (𝑥𝑆𝑦𝑆𝑧𝑆)) → ((𝑥 + 𝑦) + 𝑧) = (𝑥 + (𝑦 + 𝑧)))    &   (𝜑𝑁 ∈ (ℤ𝑀))    &   (𝜑𝐶𝑆)    &   (𝜑𝐹:(𝑀...(𝑁 + 1))–1-1-onto→(𝑀...(𝑁 + 1)))    &   (𝜑𝐺:(𝑀...(𝑁 + 1))⟶𝐶)    &   𝐽 = (𝑘 ∈ (𝑀...𝑁) ↦ (𝐹‘if(𝑘 < 𝐾, 𝑘, (𝑘 + 1))))    &   𝐾 = (𝐹‘(𝑁 + 1))    &   (𝜑 → ∀𝑔𝑓((𝑓:(𝑀...𝑁)–1-1-onto→(𝑀...𝑁) ∧ 𝑔:(𝑀...𝑁)⟶𝐶) → (seq𝑀( + , (𝑔𝑓))‘𝑁) = (seq𝑀( + , 𝑔)‘𝑁)))       (𝜑 → (seq𝑀( + , (𝐺𝐹))‘(𝑁 + 1)) = (seq𝑀( + , 𝐺)‘(𝑁 + 1)))
 
Theoremseqf1o 12572* Rearrange a sum via an arbitrary bijection on (𝑀...𝑁). (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 27-Feb-2014.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 24-Apr-2016.)
((𝜑 ∧ (𝑥𝑆𝑦𝑆)) → (𝑥 + 𝑦) ∈ 𝑆)    &   ((𝜑 ∧ (𝑥𝐶𝑦𝐶)) → (𝑥 + 𝑦) = (𝑦 + 𝑥))    &   ((𝜑 ∧ (𝑥𝑆𝑦𝑆𝑧𝑆)) → ((𝑥 + 𝑦) + 𝑧) = (𝑥 + (𝑦 + 𝑧)))    &   (𝜑𝑁 ∈ (ℤ𝑀))    &   (𝜑𝐶𝑆)    &   (𝜑𝐹:(𝑀...𝑁)–1-1-onto→(𝑀...𝑁))    &   ((𝜑𝑥 ∈ (𝑀...𝑁)) → (𝐺𝑥) ∈ 𝐶)    &   ((𝜑𝑘 ∈ (𝑀...𝑁)) → (𝐻𝑘) = (𝐺‘(𝐹𝑘)))       (𝜑 → (seq𝑀( + , 𝐻)‘𝑁) = (seq𝑀( + , 𝐺)‘𝑁))
 
Theoremseradd 12573* The sum of two infinite series. (Contributed by NM, 17-Mar-2005.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 26-May-2014.)
(𝜑𝑁 ∈ (ℤ𝑀))    &   ((𝜑𝑘 ∈ (𝑀...𝑁)) → (𝐹𝑘) ∈ ℂ)    &   ((𝜑𝑘 ∈ (𝑀...𝑁)) → (𝐺𝑘) ∈ ℂ)    &   ((𝜑𝑘 ∈ (𝑀...𝑁)) → (𝐻𝑘) = ((𝐹𝑘) + (𝐺𝑘)))       (𝜑 → (seq𝑀( + , 𝐻)‘𝑁) = ((seq𝑀( + , 𝐹)‘𝑁) + (seq𝑀( + , 𝐺)‘𝑁)))
 
Theoremsersub 12574* The difference of two infinite series. (Contributed by NM, 17-Mar-2005.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 27-May-2014.)
(𝜑𝑁 ∈ (ℤ𝑀))    &   ((𝜑𝑘 ∈ (𝑀...𝑁)) → (𝐹𝑘) ∈ ℂ)    &   ((𝜑𝑘 ∈ (𝑀...𝑁)) → (𝐺𝑘) ∈ ℂ)    &   ((𝜑𝑘 ∈ (𝑀...𝑁)) → (𝐻𝑘) = ((𝐹𝑘) − (𝐺𝑘)))       (𝜑 → (seq𝑀( + , 𝐻)‘𝑁) = ((seq𝑀( + , 𝐹)‘𝑁) − (seq𝑀( + , 𝐺)‘𝑁)))
 
Theoremseqid3 12575* A sequence that consists entirely of zeroes (or whatever the identity 𝑍 is for operation +) sums to zero. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 15-Dec-2014.)
(𝜑 → (𝑍 + 𝑍) = 𝑍)    &   (𝜑𝑁 ∈ (ℤ𝑀))    &   ((𝜑𝑥 ∈ (𝑀...𝑁)) → (𝐹𝑥) = 𝑍)       (𝜑 → (seq𝑀( + , 𝐹)‘𝑁) = 𝑍)
 
Theoremseqid 12576* Discard the first few terms of a sequence that starts with all zeroes (or whatever the identity 𝑍 is for operation +). (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 13-Jul-2013.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 27-May-2014.)
((𝜑𝑥𝑆) → (𝑍 + 𝑥) = 𝑥)    &   (𝜑𝑍𝑆)    &   (𝜑𝑁 ∈ (ℤ𝑀))    &   (𝜑 → (𝐹𝑁) ∈ 𝑆)    &   ((𝜑𝑥 ∈ (𝑀...(𝑁 − 1))) → (𝐹𝑥) = 𝑍)       (𝜑 → (seq𝑀( + , 𝐹) ↾ (ℤ𝑁)) = seq𝑁( + , 𝐹))
 
Theoremseqid2 12577* The last few terms of a sequence that ends with all zeroes (or whatever the identity 𝑍 is for operation +) are all the same. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 13-Jul-2013.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 27-May-2014.)
((𝜑𝑥𝑆) → (𝑥 + 𝑍) = 𝑥)    &   (𝜑𝐾 ∈ (ℤ𝑀))    &   (𝜑𝑁 ∈ (ℤ𝐾))    &   (𝜑 → (seq𝑀( + , 𝐹)‘𝐾) ∈ 𝑆)    &   ((𝜑𝑥 ∈ ((𝐾 + 1)...𝑁)) → (𝐹𝑥) = 𝑍)       (𝜑 → (seq𝑀( + , 𝐹)‘𝐾) = (seq𝑀( + , 𝐹)‘𝑁))
 
Theoremseqhomo 12578* Apply a homomorphism to a sequence. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 28-Jul-2013.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 27-May-2014.)
((𝜑 ∧ (𝑥𝑆𝑦𝑆)) → (𝑥 + 𝑦) ∈ 𝑆)    &   ((𝜑𝑥 ∈ (𝑀...𝑁)) → (𝐹𝑥) ∈ 𝑆)    &   (𝜑𝑁 ∈ (ℤ𝑀))    &   ((𝜑 ∧ (𝑥𝑆𝑦𝑆)) → (𝐻‘(𝑥 + 𝑦)) = ((𝐻𝑥)𝑄(𝐻𝑦)))    &   ((𝜑𝑥 ∈ (𝑀...𝑁)) → (𝐻‘(𝐹𝑥)) = (𝐺𝑥))       (𝜑 → (𝐻‘(seq𝑀( + , 𝐹)‘𝑁)) = (seq𝑀(𝑄, 𝐺)‘𝑁))
 
Theoremseqz 12579* If the operation + has an absorbing element 𝑍 (a.k.a. zero element), then any sequence containing a 𝑍 evaluates to 𝑍. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 27-May-2014.)
((𝜑 ∧ (𝑥𝑆𝑦𝑆)) → (𝑥 + 𝑦) ∈ 𝑆)    &   ((𝜑𝑥 ∈ (𝑀...𝑁)) → (𝐹𝑥) ∈ 𝑆)    &   ((𝜑𝑥𝑆) → (𝑍 + 𝑥) = 𝑍)    &   ((𝜑𝑥𝑆) → (𝑥 + 𝑍) = 𝑍)    &   (𝜑𝐾 ∈ (𝑀...𝑁))    &   (𝜑𝑁𝑉)    &   (𝜑 → (𝐹𝐾) = 𝑍)       (𝜑 → (seq𝑀( + , 𝐹)‘𝑁) = 𝑍)
 
Theoremseqfeq4 12580* Equality of series under different addition operations which agree on an additively closed subset. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 25-Apr-2016.)
(𝜑𝑁 ∈ (ℤ𝑀))    &   ((𝜑𝑥 ∈ (𝑀...𝑁)) → (𝐹𝑥) ∈ 𝑆)    &   ((𝜑 ∧ (𝑥𝑆𝑦𝑆)) → (𝑥 + 𝑦) ∈ 𝑆)    &   ((𝜑 ∧ (𝑥𝑆𝑦𝑆)) → (𝑥 + 𝑦) = (𝑥𝑄𝑦))       (𝜑 → (seq𝑀( + , 𝐹)‘𝑁) = (seq𝑀(𝑄, 𝐹)‘𝑁))
 
Theoremseqfeq3 12581* Equality of series under different addition operations which agree on an additively closed subset. (Contributed by Stefan O'Rear, 21-Mar-2015.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 25-Apr-2016.)
(𝜑𝑀 ∈ ℤ)    &   ((𝜑𝑥 ∈ (ℤ𝑀)) → (𝐹𝑥) ∈ 𝑆)    &   ((𝜑 ∧ (𝑥𝑆𝑦𝑆)) → (𝑥 + 𝑦) ∈ 𝑆)    &   ((𝜑 ∧ (𝑥𝑆𝑦𝑆)) → (𝑥 + 𝑦) = (𝑥𝑄𝑦))       (𝜑 → seq𝑀( + , 𝐹) = seq𝑀(𝑄, 𝐹))
 
Theoremseqdistr 12582* The distributive property for series. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 28-Jul-2013.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 27-May-2014.)
((𝜑 ∧ (𝑥𝑆𝑦𝑆)) → (𝑥 + 𝑦) ∈ 𝑆)    &   ((𝜑 ∧ (𝑥𝑆𝑦𝑆)) → (𝐶𝑇(𝑥 + 𝑦)) = ((𝐶𝑇𝑥) + (𝐶𝑇𝑦)))    &   (𝜑𝑁 ∈ (ℤ𝑀))    &   ((𝜑𝑥 ∈ (𝑀...𝑁)) → (𝐺𝑥) ∈ 𝑆)    &   ((𝜑𝑥 ∈ (𝑀...𝑁)) → (𝐹𝑥) = (𝐶𝑇(𝐺𝑥)))       (𝜑 → (seq𝑀( + , 𝐹)‘𝑁) = (𝐶𝑇(seq𝑀( + , 𝐺)‘𝑁)))
 
Theoremser0 12583 The value of the partial sums in a zero-valued infinite series. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 31-Aug-2013.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 15-Dec-2014.)
𝑍 = (ℤ𝑀)       (𝑁𝑍 → (seq𝑀( + , (𝑍 × {0}))‘𝑁) = 0)
 
Theoremser0f 12584 A zero-valued infinite series is equal to the constant zero function. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 8-Feb-2014.)
𝑍 = (ℤ𝑀)       (𝑀 ∈ ℤ → seq𝑀( + , (𝑍 × {0})) = (𝑍 × {0}))
 
Theoremserge0 12585* A finite sum of nonnegative terms is nonnegative. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 8-Feb-2014.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 27-May-2014.)
(𝜑𝑁 ∈ (ℤ𝑀))    &   ((𝜑𝑘 ∈ (𝑀...𝑁)) → (𝐹𝑘) ∈ ℝ)    &   ((𝜑𝑘 ∈ (𝑀...𝑁)) → 0 ≤ (𝐹𝑘))       (𝜑 → 0 ≤ (seq𝑀( + , 𝐹)‘𝑁))
 
Theoremserle 12586* Comparison of partial sums of two infinite series of reals. (Contributed by NM, 27-Dec-2005.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 27-May-2014.)
(𝜑𝑁 ∈ (ℤ𝑀))    &   ((𝜑𝑘 ∈ (𝑀...𝑁)) → (𝐹𝑘) ∈ ℝ)    &   ((𝜑𝑘 ∈ (𝑀...𝑁)) → (𝐺𝑘) ∈ ℝ)    &   ((𝜑𝑘 ∈ (𝑀...𝑁)) → (𝐹𝑘) ≤ (𝐺𝑘))       (𝜑 → (seq𝑀( + , 𝐹)‘𝑁) ≤ (seq𝑀( + , 𝐺)‘𝑁))
 
Theoremser1const 12587 Value of the partial series sum of a constant function. (Contributed by NM, 8-Aug-2005.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 16-Feb-2014.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℕ) → (seq1( + , (ℕ × {𝐴}))‘𝑁) = (𝑁 · 𝐴))
 
Theoremseqof 12588* Distribute function operation through a sequence. Note that 𝐺(𝑧) is an implicit function on 𝑧. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 3-Mar-2015.)
(𝜑𝐴𝑉)    &   (𝜑𝑁 ∈ (ℤ𝑀))    &   ((𝜑𝑥 ∈ (𝑀...𝑁)) → (𝐹𝑥) = (𝑧𝐴 ↦ (𝐺𝑥)))       (𝜑 → (seq𝑀( ∘𝑓 + , 𝐹)‘𝑁) = (𝑧𝐴 ↦ (seq𝑀( + , 𝐺)‘𝑁)))
 
Theoremseqof2 12589* Distribute function operation through a sequence. Maps-to notation version of seqof 12588. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 7-Jul-2017.)
(𝜑𝐴𝑉)    &   (𝜑𝑁 ∈ (ℤ𝑀))    &   (𝜑 → (𝑀...𝑁) ⊆ 𝐵)    &   ((𝜑 ∧ (𝑥𝐵𝑧𝐴)) → 𝑋𝑊)       (𝜑 → (seq𝑀( ∘𝑓 + , (𝑥𝐵 ↦ (𝑧𝐴𝑋)))‘𝑁) = (𝑧𝐴 ↦ (seq𝑀( + , (𝑥𝐵𝑋))‘𝑁)))
 
5.6.7  Integer powers
 
Syntaxcexp 12590 Extend class notation to include exponentiation of a complex number to an integer power.
class
 
Definitiondf-exp 12591* Define exponentiation to nonnegative integer powers. For example, (5↑2) = 25 (ex-exp 26437).

This definition is not meant to be used directly; instead, exp0 12594 and expp1 12597 provide the standard recursive definition. The up-arrow notation is used by Donald Knuth for iterated exponentiation (Science 194, 1235-1242, 1976) and is convenient for us since we don't have superscripts.

10-Jun-2005: The definition was extended to include zero exponents, so that 0↑0 = 1 per the convention of Definition 10-4.1 of [Gleason] p. 134 (0exp0e1 12595).

4-Jun-2014: The definition was extended to include negative integer exponents. For example, (-3↑-2) = (1 / 9) (ex-exp 26437). The case 𝑥 = 0, 𝑦 < 0 gives the value (1 / 0), so we will avoid this case in our theorems. (Contributed by Raph Levien, 20-May-2004.) (Revised by NM, 15-Oct-2004.)

↑ = (𝑥 ∈ ℂ, 𝑦 ∈ ℤ ↦ if(𝑦 = 0, 1, if(0 < 𝑦, (seq1( · , (ℕ × {𝑥}))‘𝑦), (1 / (seq1( · , (ℕ × {𝑥}))‘-𝑦)))))
 
Theoremexpval 12592 Value of exponentiation to integer powers. (Contributed by NM, 20-May-2004.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 4-Jun-2014.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℤ) → (𝐴𝑁) = if(𝑁 = 0, 1, if(0 < 𝑁, (seq1( · , (ℕ × {𝐴}))‘𝑁), (1 / (seq1( · , (ℕ × {𝐴}))‘-𝑁)))))
 
Theoremexpnnval 12593 Value of exponentiation to positive integer powers. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 4-Jun-2014.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℕ) → (𝐴𝑁) = (seq1( · , (ℕ × {𝐴}))‘𝑁))
 
Theoremexp0 12594 Value of a complex number raised to the 0th power. Note that under our definition, 0↑0 = 1, following the convention used by Gleason. Part of Definition 10-4.1 of [Gleason] p. 134. (Contributed by NM, 20-May-2004.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 4-Jun-2014.)
(𝐴 ∈ ℂ → (𝐴↑0) = 1)
 
Theorem0exp0e1 12595 0↑0 = 1 (common case). This is our convention. It follows the convention used by Gleason; see Part of Definition 10-4.1 of [Gleason] p. 134. (Contributed by David A. Wheeler, 8-Dec-2018.)
(0↑0) = 1
 
Theoremexp1 12596 Value of a complex number raised to the first power. (Contributed by NM, 20-Oct-2004.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 2-Jul-2013.)
(𝐴 ∈ ℂ → (𝐴↑1) = 𝐴)
 
Theoremexpp1 12597 Value of a complex number raised to a nonnegative integer power plus one. Part of Definition 10-4.1 of [Gleason] p. 134. (Contributed by NM, 20-May-2005.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 2-Jul-2013.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℕ0) → (𝐴↑(𝑁 + 1)) = ((𝐴𝑁) · 𝐴))
 
Theoremexpneg 12598 Value of a complex number raised to a negative integer power. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 4-Jun-2014.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℕ0) → (𝐴↑-𝑁) = (1 / (𝐴𝑁)))
 
Theoremexpneg2 12599 Value of a complex number raised to a negative integer power. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 4-Jun-2014.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℂ ∧ -𝑁 ∈ ℕ0) → (𝐴𝑁) = (1 / (𝐴↑-𝑁)))
 
Theoremexpn1 12600 A number to the negative one power is the reciprocal. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 4-Jun-2014.)
(𝐴 ∈ ℂ → (𝐴↑-1) = (1 / 𝐴))
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