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Theorem List for Metamath Proof Explorer - 15201-15300   *Has distinct variable group(s)
TypeLabelDescription
Statement

Theoremphimul 15201 The Euler ϕ function is a multiplicative function, meaning that it distributes over multiplication at relatively prime arguments. Theorem 2.5(c) in [ApostolNT] p. 28. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 24-Feb-2014.)
((𝑀 ∈ ℕ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℕ ∧ (𝑀 gcd 𝑁) = 1) → (ϕ‘(𝑀 · 𝑁)) = ((ϕ‘𝑀) · (ϕ‘𝑁)))

Theoremeulerthlem1 15202* Lemma for eulerth 15204. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 8-May-2015.)
(𝜑 → (𝑁 ∈ ℕ ∧ 𝐴 ∈ ℤ ∧ (𝐴 gcd 𝑁) = 1))    &   𝑆 = {𝑦 ∈ (0..^𝑁) ∣ (𝑦 gcd 𝑁) = 1}    &   𝑇 = (1...(ϕ‘𝑁))    &   (𝜑𝐹:𝑇1-1-onto𝑆)    &   𝐺 = (𝑥𝑇 ↦ ((𝐴 · (𝐹𝑥)) mod 𝑁))       (𝜑𝐺:𝑇𝑆)

Theoremeulerthlem2 15203* Lemma for eulerth 15204. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 28-Feb-2014.)
(𝜑 → (𝑁 ∈ ℕ ∧ 𝐴 ∈ ℤ ∧ (𝐴 gcd 𝑁) = 1))    &   𝑆 = {𝑦 ∈ (0..^𝑁) ∣ (𝑦 gcd 𝑁) = 1}    &   𝑇 = (1...(ϕ‘𝑁))    &   (𝜑𝐹:𝑇1-1-onto𝑆)    &   𝐺 = (𝑥𝑇 ↦ ((𝐴 · (𝐹𝑥)) mod 𝑁))       (𝜑 → ((𝐴↑(ϕ‘𝑁)) mod 𝑁) = (1 mod 𝑁))

Theoremeulerth 15204 Euler's theorem, a generalization of Fermat's little theorem. If 𝐴 and 𝑁 are coprime, then 𝐴↑ϕ(𝑁)≡1 (mod 𝑁). This is Metamath 100 proof #10. Also called Euler-Fermat theorem, see theorem 5.17 in [ApostolNT] p. 113. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 28-Feb-2014.)
((𝑁 ∈ ℕ ∧ 𝐴 ∈ ℤ ∧ (𝐴 gcd 𝑁) = 1) → ((𝐴↑(ϕ‘𝑁)) mod 𝑁) = (1 mod 𝑁))

Theoremfermltl 15205 Fermat's little theorem. When 𝑃 is prime, 𝐴𝑃𝐴 (mod 𝑃) for any 𝐴, see theorem 5.19 in [ApostolNT] p. 114. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 28-Feb-2014.)
((𝑃 ∈ ℙ ∧ 𝐴 ∈ ℤ) → ((𝐴𝑃) mod 𝑃) = (𝐴 mod 𝑃))

Theoremprmdiv 15206 Show an explicit expression for the modular inverse of 𝐴 mod 𝑃. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 24-Jan-2015.)
𝑅 = ((𝐴↑(𝑃 − 2)) mod 𝑃)       ((𝑃 ∈ ℙ ∧ 𝐴 ∈ ℤ ∧ ¬ 𝑃𝐴) → (𝑅 ∈ (1...(𝑃 − 1)) ∧ 𝑃 ∥ ((𝐴 · 𝑅) − 1)))

Theoremprmdiveq 15207 The modular inverse of 𝐴 mod 𝑃 is unique. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 24-Jan-2015.)
𝑅 = ((𝐴↑(𝑃 − 2)) mod 𝑃)       ((𝑃 ∈ ℙ ∧ 𝐴 ∈ ℤ ∧ ¬ 𝑃𝐴) → ((𝑆 ∈ (0...(𝑃 − 1)) ∧ 𝑃 ∥ ((𝐴 · 𝑆) − 1)) ↔ 𝑆 = 𝑅))

Theoremprmdivdiv 15208 The (modular) inverse of the inverse of a number is itself. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 24-Jan-2015.)
𝑅 = ((𝐴↑(𝑃 − 2)) mod 𝑃)       ((𝑃 ∈ ℙ ∧ 𝐴 ∈ (1...(𝑃 − 1))) → 𝐴 = ((𝑅↑(𝑃 − 2)) mod 𝑃))

Theoremhashgcdlem 15209* A correspondence between elements of specific GCD and relative primes in a smaller ring. (Contributed by Stefan O'Rear, 12-Sep-2015.)
𝐴 = {𝑦 ∈ (0..^(𝑀 / 𝑁)) ∣ (𝑦 gcd (𝑀 / 𝑁)) = 1}    &   𝐵 = {𝑧 ∈ (0..^𝑀) ∣ (𝑧 gcd 𝑀) = 𝑁}    &   𝐹 = (𝑥𝐴 ↦ (𝑥 · 𝑁))       ((𝑀 ∈ ℕ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℕ ∧ 𝑁𝑀) → 𝐹:𝐴1-1-onto𝐵)

Theoremhashgcdeq 15210* Number of initial positive integers with specified divisors. (Contributed by Stefan O'Rear, 12-Sep-2015.)
((𝑀 ∈ ℕ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℕ) → (#‘{𝑥 ∈ (0..^𝑀) ∣ (𝑥 gcd 𝑀) = 𝑁}) = if(𝑁𝑀, (ϕ‘(𝑀 / 𝑁)), 0))

Theoremphisum 15211* The divisor sum identity of the totient function. Theorem 2.2 in [ApostolNT] p. 26. (Contributed by Stefan O'Rear, 12-Sep-2015.)
(𝑁 ∈ ℕ → Σ𝑑 ∈ {𝑥 ∈ ℕ ∣ 𝑥𝑁} (ϕ‘𝑑) = 𝑁)

Theoremodzval 15212* Value of the order function. This is a function of functions; the inner argument selects the base (i.e. mod 𝑁 for some 𝑁, often prime) and the outer argument selects the integer or equivalence class (if you want to think about it that way) from the integers mod 𝑁. In order to ensure the supremum is well-defined, we only define the expression when 𝐴 and 𝑁 are coprime. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 23-Feb-2014.) (Revised by AV, 26-Sep-2020.)
((𝑁 ∈ ℕ ∧ 𝐴 ∈ ℤ ∧ (𝐴 gcd 𝑁) = 1) → ((od𝑁)‘𝐴) = inf({𝑛 ∈ ℕ ∣ 𝑁 ∥ ((𝐴𝑛) − 1)}, ℝ, < ))

Theoremodzcllem 15213 - Lemma for odzcl 15214, showing existence of a recurrent point for the exponential. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 28-Feb-2014.) (Proof shortened by AV, 26-Sep-2020.)
((𝑁 ∈ ℕ ∧ 𝐴 ∈ ℤ ∧ (𝐴 gcd 𝑁) = 1) → (((od𝑁)‘𝐴) ∈ ℕ ∧ 𝑁 ∥ ((𝐴↑((od𝑁)‘𝐴)) − 1)))

Theoremodzcl 15214 The order of a group element is an integer. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 28-Feb-2014.)
((𝑁 ∈ ℕ ∧ 𝐴 ∈ ℤ ∧ (𝐴 gcd 𝑁) = 1) → ((od𝑁)‘𝐴) ∈ ℕ)

Theoremodzid 15215 Any element raised to the power of its order is 1. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 28-Feb-2014.)
((𝑁 ∈ ℕ ∧ 𝐴 ∈ ℤ ∧ (𝐴 gcd 𝑁) = 1) → 𝑁 ∥ ((𝐴↑((od𝑁)‘𝐴)) − 1))

Theoremodzdvds 15216 The only powers of 𝐴 that are congruent to 1 are the multiples of the order of 𝐴. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 28-Feb-2014.) (Proof shortened by AV, 26-Sep-2020.)
(((𝑁 ∈ ℕ ∧ 𝐴 ∈ ℤ ∧ (𝐴 gcd 𝑁) = 1) ∧ 𝐾 ∈ ℕ0) → (𝑁 ∥ ((𝐴𝐾) − 1) ↔ ((od𝑁)‘𝐴) ∥ 𝐾))

Theoremodzphi 15217 The order of any group element is a divisor of the Euler ϕ function. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 28-Feb-2014.)
((𝑁 ∈ ℕ ∧ 𝐴 ∈ ℤ ∧ (𝐴 gcd 𝑁) = 1) → ((od𝑁)‘𝐴) ∥ (ϕ‘𝑁))

TheoremodzvalOLD 15218* Value of the order function. This is a function of functions; the inner argument selects the base (i.e. mod 𝑁 for some 𝑁, often prime) and the outer argument selects the integer or equivalence class (if you want to think about it that way) from the integers mod 𝑁. In order to ensure the supremum is well-defined, we only define the expression when 𝐴 and 𝑁 are coprime. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 23-Feb-2014.) Obsolete version of odzval 15212 as of 26-Sep-2020. (New usage is discouraged.) (Proof modification is discouraged.)
((𝑁 ∈ ℕ ∧ 𝐴 ∈ ℤ ∧ (𝐴 gcd 𝑁) = 1) → ((od𝑁)‘𝐴) = sup({𝑛 ∈ ℕ ∣ 𝑁 ∥ ((𝐴𝑛) − 1)}, ℝ, < ))

TheoremodzcllemOLD 15219 Lemma for odzclOLD 15220, showing existence of a recurrent point for the exponential. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 28-Feb-2014.) Obsolete version of odzcllem 15213 as of 26-Sep-2020. (New usage is discouraged.) (Proof modification is discouraged.)
((𝑁 ∈ ℕ ∧ 𝐴 ∈ ℤ ∧ (𝐴 gcd 𝑁) = 1) → (((od𝑁)‘𝐴) ∈ ℕ ∧ 𝑁 ∥ ((𝐴↑((od𝑁)‘𝐴)) − 1)))

TheoremodzclOLD 15220 The order of a group element is an integer. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 28-Feb-2014.) Obsolete version of odzcl 15214 as of 26-Sep-2020. (New usage is discouraged.) (Proof modification is discouraged.)
((𝑁 ∈ ℕ ∧ 𝐴 ∈ ℤ ∧ (𝐴 gcd 𝑁) = 1) → ((od𝑁)‘𝐴) ∈ ℕ)

TheoremodzidOLD 15221 Any element raised to the power of its order is 1. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 28-Feb-2014.) Obsolete version of odzid 15215 as of 26-Sep-2020. (New usage is discouraged.) (Proof modification is discouraged.)
((𝑁 ∈ ℕ ∧ 𝐴 ∈ ℤ ∧ (𝐴 gcd 𝑁) = 1) → 𝑁 ∥ ((𝐴↑((od𝑁)‘𝐴)) − 1))

TheoremodzdvdsOLD 15222 The only powers of 𝐴 that are congruent to 1 are the multiples of the order of 𝐴. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 28-Feb-2014.) Obsolete version of odzdvds 15216 as of 26-Sep-2020. (New usage is discouraged.) (Proof modification is discouraged.)
(((𝑁 ∈ ℕ ∧ 𝐴 ∈ ℤ ∧ (𝐴 gcd 𝑁) = 1) ∧ 𝐾 ∈ ℕ0) → (𝑁 ∥ ((𝐴𝐾) − 1) ↔ ((od𝑁)‘𝐴) ∥ 𝐾))

TheoremodzphiOLD 15223 The order of any group element is a divisor of the Euler ϕ function. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 28-Feb-2014.) Obsolete version of odzphi 15217 as of 26-Sep-2020. (New usage is discouraged.) (Proof modification is discouraged.)
((𝑁 ∈ ℕ ∧ 𝐴 ∈ ℤ ∧ (𝐴 gcd 𝑁) = 1) → ((od𝑁)‘𝐴) ∥ (ϕ‘𝑁))

6.2.5  Arithmetic modulo a prime number

Theoremmodprm1div 15224 A prime number divides an integer minus 1 iff the integer modulo the prime number is 1. (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 17-May-2018.)
((𝑃 ∈ ℙ ∧ 𝐴 ∈ ℤ) → ((𝐴 mod 𝑃) = 1 ↔ 𝑃 ∥ (𝐴 − 1)))

Theoremm1dvdsndvds 15225 If an integer minus 1 is divisible by a prime number, the integer itself is not divisible by this prime number. (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 30-Aug-2018.)
((𝑃 ∈ ℙ ∧ 𝐴 ∈ ℤ) → (𝑃 ∥ (𝐴 − 1) → ¬ 𝑃𝐴))

Theoremmodprminv 15226 Show an explicit expression for the modular inverse of 𝐴 mod 𝑃. This is an application of prmdiv 15206. (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 15-May-2018.)
𝑅 = ((𝐴↑(𝑃 − 2)) mod 𝑃)       ((𝑃 ∈ ℙ ∧ 𝐴 ∈ ℤ ∧ ¬ 𝑃𝐴) → (𝑅 ∈ (1...(𝑃 − 1)) ∧ ((𝐴 · 𝑅) mod 𝑃) = 1))

Theoremmodprminveq 15227 The modular inverse of 𝐴 mod 𝑃 is unique. (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 17-May-2018.)
𝑅 = ((𝐴↑(𝑃 − 2)) mod 𝑃)       ((𝑃 ∈ ℙ ∧ 𝐴 ∈ ℤ ∧ ¬ 𝑃𝐴) → ((𝑆 ∈ (0...(𝑃 − 1)) ∧ ((𝐴 · 𝑆) mod 𝑃) = 1) ↔ 𝑆 = 𝑅))

Theoremvfermltl 15228 Variant of Fermat's little theorem if 𝐴 is not a multiple of 𝑃, see theorem 5.18 in [ApostolNT] p. 113. (Contributed by AV, 21-Aug-2020.) (Proof shortened by AV, 5-Sep-2020.)
((𝑃 ∈ ℙ ∧ 𝐴 ∈ ℤ ∧ ¬ 𝑃𝐴) → ((𝐴↑(𝑃 − 1)) mod 𝑃) = 1)

TheoremvfermltlALT 15229 Alternate proof of vfermltl 15228, not using Euler's theorem. (Contributed by AV, 21-Aug-2020.) (New usage is discouraged.) (Proof modification is discouraged.)
((𝑃 ∈ ℙ ∧ 𝐴 ∈ ℤ ∧ ¬ 𝑃𝐴) → ((𝐴↑(𝑃 − 1)) mod 𝑃) = 1)

Theorempowm2modprm 15230 If an integer minus 1 is divisible by a prime number, then the integer to the power of the prime number minus 2 is 1 modulo the prime number. (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 30-Aug-2018.)
((𝑃 ∈ ℙ ∧ 𝐴 ∈ ℤ) → (𝑃 ∥ (𝐴 − 1) → ((𝐴↑(𝑃 − 2)) mod 𝑃) = 1))

Theoremreumodprminv 15231* For any prime number and for any positive integer less than this prime number, there is a unique modular inverse of this positive integer. (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 12-May-2018.)
((𝑃 ∈ ℙ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ (1..^𝑃)) → ∃!𝑖 ∈ (1...(𝑃 − 1))((𝑁 · 𝑖) mod 𝑃) = 1)

Theoremmodprm0 15232* For two positive integers less than a given prime number there is always a nonnegative integer (less than the given prime number) so that the sum of one of the two positive integers and the other of the positive integers multiplied by the nonnegative integer is 0 ( modulo the given prime number). (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 17-May-2018.)
((𝑃 ∈ ℙ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ (1..^𝑃) ∧ 𝐼 ∈ (1..^𝑃)) → ∃𝑗 ∈ (0..^𝑃)((𝐼 + (𝑗 · 𝑁)) mod 𝑃) = 0)

Theoremnnnn0modprm0 15233* For a positive integer and a nonnegative integer both less than a given prime number there is always a second nonnegative integer (less than the given prime number) so that the sum of this second nonnegative integer multiplied with the positive integer and the first nonnegative integer is 0 ( modulo the given prime number). (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 8-Nov-2018.)
((𝑃 ∈ ℙ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ (1..^𝑃) ∧ 𝐼 ∈ (0..^𝑃)) → ∃𝑗 ∈ (0..^𝑃)((𝐼 + (𝑗 · 𝑁)) mod 𝑃) = 0)

Theoremmodprmn0modprm0 15234* For an integer not being 0 modulo a given prime number and a nonnegative integer less than the prime number, there is always a second nonnegative integer (less than the given prime number) so that the sum of this second nonnegative integer multiplied with the integer and the first nonnegative integer is 0 ( modulo the given prime number). (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 10-Nov-2018.)
((𝑃 ∈ ℙ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℤ ∧ (𝑁 mod 𝑃) ≠ 0) → (𝐼 ∈ (0..^𝑃) → ∃𝑗 ∈ (0..^𝑃)((𝐼 + (𝑗 · 𝑁)) mod 𝑃) = 0))

6.2.6  Pythagorean Triples

Theoremcoprimeprodsq 15235 If three numbers are coprime, and the square of one is the product of the other two, then there is a formula for the other two in terms of gcd and square. (Contributed by Scott Fenton, 2-Apr-2014.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 19-Apr-2014.)
(((𝐴 ∈ ℕ0𝐵 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝐶 ∈ ℕ0) ∧ ((𝐴 gcd 𝐵) gcd 𝐶) = 1) → ((𝐶↑2) = (𝐴 · 𝐵) → 𝐴 = ((𝐴 gcd 𝐶)↑2)))

Theoremcoprimeprodsq2 15236 If three numbers are coprime, and the square of one is the product of the other two, then there is a formula for the other two in terms of gcd and square. (Contributed by Scott Fenton, 17-Apr-2014.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 19-Apr-2014.)
(((𝐴 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℕ0𝐶 ∈ ℕ0) ∧ ((𝐴 gcd 𝐵) gcd 𝐶) = 1) → ((𝐶↑2) = (𝐴 · 𝐵) → 𝐵 = ((𝐵 gcd 𝐶)↑2)))

Theoremoddprm 15237 A prime not equal to 2 is odd. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 4-Feb-2015.)
(𝑁 ∈ (ℙ ∖ {2}) → ((𝑁 − 1) / 2) ∈ ℕ)

Theoremnnoddn2prm 15238 A prime not equal to 2 is an odd positive integer. (Contributed by AV, 28-Jun-2021.)
(𝑁 ∈ (ℙ ∖ {2}) → (𝑁 ∈ ℕ ∧ ¬ 2 ∥ 𝑁))

Theoremoddn2prm 15239 A prime not equal to 2 is odd. (Contributed by AV, 28-Jun-2021.)
(𝑁 ∈ (ℙ ∖ {2}) → ¬ 2 ∥ 𝑁)

Theoremnnoddn2prmb 15240 A number is a prime number not equal to 2 iff it is an odd prime number. Conversion theorem for two representations of odd primes. (Contributed by AV, 14-Jul-2021.)
(𝑁 ∈ (ℙ ∖ {2}) ↔ (𝑁 ∈ ℙ ∧ ¬ 2 ∥ 𝑁))

Theoremprm23lt5 15241 A prime less than 5 is either 2 or 3. (Contributed by AV, 5-Jul-2021.)
((𝑃 ∈ ℙ ∧ 𝑃 < 5) → (𝑃 = 2 ∨ 𝑃 = 3))

Theoremprm23ge5 15242 A prime is either 2 or 3 or greater than or equal to 5. (Contributed by AV, 5-Jul-2021.)
(𝑃 ∈ ℙ → (𝑃 = 2 ∨ 𝑃 = 3 ∨ 𝑃 ∈ (ℤ‘5)))

Theorempythagtriplem1 15243* Lemma for pythagtrip 15261. Prove a weaker version of one direction of the theorem. (Contributed by Scott Fenton, 28-Mar-2014.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 19-Apr-2014.)
(∃𝑛 ∈ ℕ ∃𝑚 ∈ ℕ ∃𝑘 ∈ ℕ (𝐴 = (𝑘 · ((𝑚↑2) − (𝑛↑2))) ∧ 𝐵 = (𝑘 · (2 · (𝑚 · 𝑛))) ∧ 𝐶 = (𝑘 · ((𝑚↑2) + (𝑛↑2)))) → ((𝐴↑2) + (𝐵↑2)) = (𝐶↑2))

Theorempythagtriplem2 15244* Lemma for pythagtrip 15261. Prove the full version of one direction of the theorem. (Contributed by Scott Fenton, 28-Mar-2014.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 19-Apr-2014.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℕ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℕ) → (∃𝑛 ∈ ℕ ∃𝑚 ∈ ℕ ∃𝑘 ∈ ℕ ({𝐴, 𝐵} = {(𝑘 · ((𝑚↑2) − (𝑛↑2))), (𝑘 · (2 · (𝑚 · 𝑛)))} ∧ 𝐶 = (𝑘 · ((𝑚↑2) + (𝑛↑2)))) → ((𝐴↑2) + (𝐵↑2)) = (𝐶↑2)))

Theorempythagtriplem3 15245 Lemma for pythagtrip 15261. Show that 𝐶 and 𝐵 are relatively prime under some conditions. (Contributed by Scott Fenton, 8-Apr-2014.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 19-Apr-2014.)
(((𝐴 ∈ ℕ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℕ ∧ 𝐶 ∈ ℕ) ∧ ((𝐴↑2) + (𝐵↑2)) = (𝐶↑2) ∧ ((𝐴 gcd 𝐵) = 1 ∧ ¬ 2 ∥ 𝐴)) → (𝐵 gcd 𝐶) = 1)

Theorempythagtriplem4 15246 Lemma for pythagtrip 15261. Show that 𝐶𝐵 and 𝐶 + 𝐵 are relatively prime. (Contributed by Scott Fenton, 12-Apr-2014.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 19-Apr-2014.)
(((𝐴 ∈ ℕ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℕ ∧ 𝐶 ∈ ℕ) ∧ ((𝐴↑2) + (𝐵↑2)) = (𝐶↑2) ∧ ((𝐴 gcd 𝐵) = 1 ∧ ¬ 2 ∥ 𝐴)) → ((𝐶𝐵) gcd (𝐶 + 𝐵)) = 1)

Theorempythagtriplem10 15247 Lemma for pythagtrip 15261. Show that 𝐶𝐵 is positive. (Contributed by Scott Fenton, 17-Apr-2014.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 19-Apr-2014.)
(((𝐴 ∈ ℕ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℕ ∧ 𝐶 ∈ ℕ) ∧ ((𝐴↑2) + (𝐵↑2)) = (𝐶↑2)) → 0 < (𝐶𝐵))

Theorempythagtriplem6 15248 Lemma for pythagtrip 15261. Calculate (√‘(𝐶𝐵)). (Contributed by Scott Fenton, 18-Apr-2014.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 19-Apr-2014.)
(((𝐴 ∈ ℕ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℕ ∧ 𝐶 ∈ ℕ) ∧ ((𝐴↑2) + (𝐵↑2)) = (𝐶↑2) ∧ ((𝐴 gcd 𝐵) = 1 ∧ ¬ 2 ∥ 𝐴)) → (√‘(𝐶𝐵)) = ((𝐶𝐵) gcd 𝐴))

Theorempythagtriplem7 15249 Lemma for pythagtrip 15261. Calculate (√‘(𝐶 + 𝐵)). (Contributed by Scott Fenton, 18-Apr-2014.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 19-Apr-2014.)
(((𝐴 ∈ ℕ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℕ ∧ 𝐶 ∈ ℕ) ∧ ((𝐴↑2) + (𝐵↑2)) = (𝐶↑2) ∧ ((𝐴 gcd 𝐵) = 1 ∧ ¬ 2 ∥ 𝐴)) → (√‘(𝐶 + 𝐵)) = ((𝐶 + 𝐵) gcd 𝐴))

Theorempythagtriplem8 15250 Lemma for pythagtrip 15261. Show that (√‘(𝐶𝐵)) is a positive integer. (Contributed by Scott Fenton, 17-Apr-2014.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 19-Apr-2014.)
(((𝐴 ∈ ℕ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℕ ∧ 𝐶 ∈ ℕ) ∧ ((𝐴↑2) + (𝐵↑2)) = (𝐶↑2) ∧ ((𝐴 gcd 𝐵) = 1 ∧ ¬ 2 ∥ 𝐴)) → (√‘(𝐶𝐵)) ∈ ℕ)

Theorempythagtriplem9 15251 Lemma for pythagtrip 15261. Show that (√‘(𝐶 + 𝐵)) is a positive integer. (Contributed by Scott Fenton, 17-Apr-2014.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 19-Apr-2014.)
(((𝐴 ∈ ℕ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℕ ∧ 𝐶 ∈ ℕ) ∧ ((𝐴↑2) + (𝐵↑2)) = (𝐶↑2) ∧ ((𝐴 gcd 𝐵) = 1 ∧ ¬ 2 ∥ 𝐴)) → (√‘(𝐶 + 𝐵)) ∈ ℕ)

Theorempythagtriplem11 15252 Lemma for pythagtrip 15261. Show that 𝑀 (which will eventually be closely related to the 𝑚 in the final statement) is a natural. (Contributed by Scott Fenton, 17-Apr-2014.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 19-Apr-2014.)
𝑀 = (((√‘(𝐶 + 𝐵)) + (√‘(𝐶𝐵))) / 2)       (((𝐴 ∈ ℕ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℕ ∧ 𝐶 ∈ ℕ) ∧ ((𝐴↑2) + (𝐵↑2)) = (𝐶↑2) ∧ ((𝐴 gcd 𝐵) = 1 ∧ ¬ 2 ∥ 𝐴)) → 𝑀 ∈ ℕ)

Theorempythagtriplem12 15253 Lemma for pythagtrip 15261. Calculate the square of 𝑀. (Contributed by Scott Fenton, 17-Apr-2014.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 19-Apr-2014.)
𝑀 = (((√‘(𝐶 + 𝐵)) + (√‘(𝐶𝐵))) / 2)       (((𝐴 ∈ ℕ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℕ ∧ 𝐶 ∈ ℕ) ∧ ((𝐴↑2) + (𝐵↑2)) = (𝐶↑2) ∧ ((𝐴 gcd 𝐵) = 1 ∧ ¬ 2 ∥ 𝐴)) → (𝑀↑2) = ((𝐶 + 𝐴) / 2))

Theorempythagtriplem13 15254 Lemma for pythagtrip 15261. Show that 𝑁 (which will eventually be closely related to the 𝑛 in the final statement) is a natural. (Contributed by Scott Fenton, 17-Apr-2014.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 19-Apr-2014.)
𝑁 = (((√‘(𝐶 + 𝐵)) − (√‘(𝐶𝐵))) / 2)       (((𝐴 ∈ ℕ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℕ ∧ 𝐶 ∈ ℕ) ∧ ((𝐴↑2) + (𝐵↑2)) = (𝐶↑2) ∧ ((𝐴 gcd 𝐵) = 1 ∧ ¬ 2 ∥ 𝐴)) → 𝑁 ∈ ℕ)

Theorempythagtriplem14 15255 Lemma for pythagtrip 15261. Calculate the square of 𝑁. (Contributed by Scott Fenton, 17-Apr-2014.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 19-Apr-2014.)
𝑁 = (((√‘(𝐶 + 𝐵)) − (√‘(𝐶𝐵))) / 2)       (((𝐴 ∈ ℕ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℕ ∧ 𝐶 ∈ ℕ) ∧ ((𝐴↑2) + (𝐵↑2)) = (𝐶↑2) ∧ ((𝐴 gcd 𝐵) = 1 ∧ ¬ 2 ∥ 𝐴)) → (𝑁↑2) = ((𝐶𝐴) / 2))

Theorempythagtriplem15 15256 Lemma for pythagtrip 15261. Show the relationship between 𝑀, 𝑁, and 𝐴. (Contributed by Scott Fenton, 17-Apr-2014.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 19-Apr-2014.)
𝑀 = (((√‘(𝐶 + 𝐵)) + (√‘(𝐶𝐵))) / 2)    &   𝑁 = (((√‘(𝐶 + 𝐵)) − (√‘(𝐶𝐵))) / 2)       (((𝐴 ∈ ℕ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℕ ∧ 𝐶 ∈ ℕ) ∧ ((𝐴↑2) + (𝐵↑2)) = (𝐶↑2) ∧ ((𝐴 gcd 𝐵) = 1 ∧ ¬ 2 ∥ 𝐴)) → 𝐴 = ((𝑀↑2) − (𝑁↑2)))

Theorempythagtriplem16 15257 Lemma for pythagtrip 15261. Show the relationship between 𝑀, 𝑁, and 𝐵. (Contributed by Scott Fenton, 17-Apr-2014.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 19-Apr-2014.)
𝑀 = (((√‘(𝐶 + 𝐵)) + (√‘(𝐶𝐵))) / 2)    &   𝑁 = (((√‘(𝐶 + 𝐵)) − (√‘(𝐶𝐵))) / 2)       (((𝐴 ∈ ℕ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℕ ∧ 𝐶 ∈ ℕ) ∧ ((𝐴↑2) + (𝐵↑2)) = (𝐶↑2) ∧ ((𝐴 gcd 𝐵) = 1 ∧ ¬ 2 ∥ 𝐴)) → 𝐵 = (2 · (𝑀 · 𝑁)))

Theorempythagtriplem17 15258 Lemma for pythagtrip 15261. Show the relationship between 𝑀, 𝑁, and 𝐶. (Contributed by Scott Fenton, 17-Apr-2014.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 19-Apr-2014.)
𝑀 = (((√‘(𝐶 + 𝐵)) + (√‘(𝐶𝐵))) / 2)    &   𝑁 = (((√‘(𝐶 + 𝐵)) − (√‘(𝐶𝐵))) / 2)       (((𝐴 ∈ ℕ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℕ ∧ 𝐶 ∈ ℕ) ∧ ((𝐴↑2) + (𝐵↑2)) = (𝐶↑2) ∧ ((𝐴 gcd 𝐵) = 1 ∧ ¬ 2 ∥ 𝐴)) → 𝐶 = ((𝑀↑2) + (𝑁↑2)))

Theorempythagtriplem18 15259* Lemma for pythagtrip 15261. Wrap the previous 𝑀 and 𝑁 up in quantifiers. (Contributed by Scott Fenton, 18-Apr-2014.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 19-Apr-2014.)
(((𝐴 ∈ ℕ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℕ ∧ 𝐶 ∈ ℕ) ∧ ((𝐴↑2) + (𝐵↑2)) = (𝐶↑2) ∧ ((𝐴 gcd 𝐵) = 1 ∧ ¬ 2 ∥ 𝐴)) → ∃𝑛 ∈ ℕ ∃𝑚 ∈ ℕ (𝐴 = ((𝑚↑2) − (𝑛↑2)) ∧ 𝐵 = (2 · (𝑚 · 𝑛)) ∧ 𝐶 = ((𝑚↑2) + (𝑛↑2))))

Theorempythagtriplem19 15260* Lemma for pythagtrip 15261. Introduce 𝑘 and remove the relative primality requirement. (Contributed by Scott Fenton, 18-Apr-2014.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 19-Apr-2014.)
(((𝐴 ∈ ℕ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℕ ∧ 𝐶 ∈ ℕ) ∧ ((𝐴↑2) + (𝐵↑2)) = (𝐶↑2) ∧ ¬ 2 ∥ (𝐴 / (𝐴 gcd 𝐵))) → ∃𝑛 ∈ ℕ ∃𝑚 ∈ ℕ ∃𝑘 ∈ ℕ (𝐴 = (𝑘 · ((𝑚↑2) − (𝑛↑2))) ∧ 𝐵 = (𝑘 · (2 · (𝑚 · 𝑛))) ∧ 𝐶 = (𝑘 · ((𝑚↑2) + (𝑛↑2)))))

Theorempythagtrip 15261* Parameterize the Pythagorean triples. If 𝐴, 𝐵, and 𝐶 are naturals, then they obey the Pythagorean triple formula iff they are parameterized by three naturals. This proof follows the Isabelle proof at http://afp.sourceforge.net/entries/Fermat3_4.shtml. This is Metamath 100 proof #23. (Contributed by Scott Fenton, 19-Apr-2014.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℕ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℕ ∧ 𝐶 ∈ ℕ) → (((𝐴↑2) + (𝐵↑2)) = (𝐶↑2) ↔ ∃𝑛 ∈ ℕ ∃𝑚 ∈ ℕ ∃𝑘 ∈ ℕ ({𝐴, 𝐵} = {(𝑘 · ((𝑚↑2) − (𝑛↑2))), (𝑘 · (2 · (𝑚 · 𝑛)))} ∧ 𝐶 = (𝑘 · ((𝑚↑2) + (𝑛↑2))))))

Theoremiserodd 15262* Collect the odd terms in a sequence. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 7-Apr-2015.)
((𝜑𝑘 ∈ ℕ0) → 𝐶 ∈ ℂ)    &   (𝑛 = ((2 · 𝑘) + 1) → 𝐵 = 𝐶)       (𝜑 → (seq0( + , (𝑘 ∈ ℕ0𝐶)) ⇝ 𝐴 ↔ seq1( + , (𝑛 ∈ ℕ ↦ if(2 ∥ 𝑛, 0, 𝐵))) ⇝ 𝐴))

6.2.7  The prime count function

Syntaxcpc 15263 Extend class notation with the prime count function.
class pCnt

Definitiondf-pc 15264* Define the prime count function, which returns the largest exponent of a given prime (or other positive integer) that divides the number. For rational numbers, it returns negative values according to the power of a prime in the denominator. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 23-Feb-2014.)
pCnt = (𝑝 ∈ ℙ, 𝑟 ∈ ℚ ↦ if(𝑟 = 0, +∞, (℩𝑧𝑥 ∈ ℤ ∃𝑦 ∈ ℕ (𝑟 = (𝑥 / 𝑦) ∧ 𝑧 = (sup({𝑛 ∈ ℕ0 ∣ (𝑝𝑛) ∥ 𝑥}, ℝ, < ) − sup({𝑛 ∈ ℕ0 ∣ (𝑝𝑛) ∥ 𝑦}, ℝ, < ))))))

Theorempclem 15265* - Lemma for the prime power pre-function's properties. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 23-Feb-2014.)
𝐴 = {𝑛 ∈ ℕ0 ∣ (𝑃𝑛) ∥ 𝑁}       ((𝑃 ∈ (ℤ‘2) ∧ (𝑁 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑁 ≠ 0)) → (𝐴 ⊆ ℤ ∧ 𝐴 ≠ ∅ ∧ ∃𝑥 ∈ ℤ ∀𝑦𝐴 𝑦𝑥))

Theorempcprecl 15266* Closure of the prime power pre-function. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 23-Feb-2014.)
𝐴 = {𝑛 ∈ ℕ0 ∣ (𝑃𝑛) ∥ 𝑁}    &   𝑆 = sup(𝐴, ℝ, < )       ((𝑃 ∈ (ℤ‘2) ∧ (𝑁 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑁 ≠ 0)) → (𝑆 ∈ ℕ0 ∧ (𝑃𝑆) ∥ 𝑁))

Theorempcprendvds 15267* Non-divisibility property of the prime power pre-function. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 23-Feb-2014.)
𝐴 = {𝑛 ∈ ℕ0 ∣ (𝑃𝑛) ∥ 𝑁}    &   𝑆 = sup(𝐴, ℝ, < )       ((𝑃 ∈ (ℤ‘2) ∧ (𝑁 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑁 ≠ 0)) → ¬ (𝑃↑(𝑆 + 1)) ∥ 𝑁)

Theorempcprendvds2 15268* Non-divisibility property of the prime power pre-function. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 23-Feb-2014.)
𝐴 = {𝑛 ∈ ℕ0 ∣ (𝑃𝑛) ∥ 𝑁}    &   𝑆 = sup(𝐴, ℝ, < )       ((𝑃 ∈ (ℤ‘2) ∧ (𝑁 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑁 ≠ 0)) → ¬ 𝑃 ∥ (𝑁 / (𝑃𝑆)))

Theorempcpre1 15269* Value of the prime power pre-function at 1. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 23-Feb-2014.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 26-Apr-2016.)
𝐴 = {𝑛 ∈ ℕ0 ∣ (𝑃𝑛) ∥ 𝑁}    &   𝑆 = sup(𝐴, ℝ, < )       ((𝑃 ∈ (ℤ‘2) ∧ 𝑁 = 1) → 𝑆 = 0)

Theorempcpremul 15270* Multiplicative property of the prime count pre-function. Note that the primality of 𝑃 is essential for this property; (4 pCnt 2) = 0 but (4 pCnt (2 · 2)) = 1 ≠ 2 · (4 pCnt 2) = 0. Since this is needed to show uniqueness for the real prime count function (over ), we don't bother to define it off the primes. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 23-Feb-2014.)
𝑆 = sup({𝑛 ∈ ℕ0 ∣ (𝑃𝑛) ∥ 𝑀}, ℝ, < )    &   𝑇 = sup({𝑛 ∈ ℕ0 ∣ (𝑃𝑛) ∥ 𝑁}, ℝ, < )    &   𝑈 = sup({𝑛 ∈ ℕ0 ∣ (𝑃𝑛) ∥ (𝑀 · 𝑁)}, ℝ, < )       ((𝑃 ∈ ℙ ∧ (𝑀 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑀 ≠ 0) ∧ (𝑁 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑁 ≠ 0)) → (𝑆 + 𝑇) = 𝑈)

Theorempcval 15271* The value of the prime power function. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 23-Feb-2014.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 3-Oct-2014.)
𝑆 = sup({𝑛 ∈ ℕ0 ∣ (𝑃𝑛) ∥ 𝑥}, ℝ, < )    &   𝑇 = sup({𝑛 ∈ ℕ0 ∣ (𝑃𝑛) ∥ 𝑦}, ℝ, < )       ((𝑃 ∈ ℙ ∧ (𝑁 ∈ ℚ ∧ 𝑁 ≠ 0)) → (𝑃 pCnt 𝑁) = (℩𝑧𝑥 ∈ ℤ ∃𝑦 ∈ ℕ (𝑁 = (𝑥 / 𝑦) ∧ 𝑧 = (𝑆𝑇))))

Theorempceulem 15272* Lemma for pceu 15273. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 23-Feb-2014.)
𝑆 = sup({𝑛 ∈ ℕ0 ∣ (𝑃𝑛) ∥ 𝑥}, ℝ, < )    &   𝑇 = sup({𝑛 ∈ ℕ0 ∣ (𝑃𝑛) ∥ 𝑦}, ℝ, < )    &   𝑈 = sup({𝑛 ∈ ℕ0 ∣ (𝑃𝑛) ∥ 𝑠}, ℝ, < )    &   𝑉 = sup({𝑛 ∈ ℕ0 ∣ (𝑃𝑛) ∥ 𝑡}, ℝ, < )    &   (𝜑𝑃 ∈ ℙ)    &   (𝜑𝑁 ≠ 0)    &   (𝜑 → (𝑥 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑦 ∈ ℕ))    &   (𝜑𝑁 = (𝑥 / 𝑦))    &   (𝜑 → (𝑠 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑡 ∈ ℕ))    &   (𝜑𝑁 = (𝑠 / 𝑡))       (𝜑 → (𝑆𝑇) = (𝑈𝑉))

Theorempceu 15273* Uniqueness for the prime power function. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 23-Feb-2014.)
𝑆 = sup({𝑛 ∈ ℕ0 ∣ (𝑃𝑛) ∥ 𝑥}, ℝ, < )    &   𝑇 = sup({𝑛 ∈ ℕ0 ∣ (𝑃𝑛) ∥ 𝑦}, ℝ, < )       ((𝑃 ∈ ℙ ∧ (𝑁 ∈ ℚ ∧ 𝑁 ≠ 0)) → ∃!𝑧𝑥 ∈ ℤ ∃𝑦 ∈ ℕ (𝑁 = (𝑥 / 𝑦) ∧ 𝑧 = (𝑆𝑇)))

Theorempczpre 15274* Connect the prime count pre-function to the actual prime count function, when restricted to the integers. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 23-Feb-2014.) (Proof shortened by Mario Carneiro, 24-Dec-2016.)
𝑆 = sup({𝑛 ∈ ℕ0 ∣ (𝑃𝑛) ∥ 𝑁}, ℝ, < )       ((𝑃 ∈ ℙ ∧ (𝑁 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑁 ≠ 0)) → (𝑃 pCnt 𝑁) = 𝑆)

Theorempczcl 15275 Closure of the prime power function. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 23-Feb-2014.)
((𝑃 ∈ ℙ ∧ (𝑁 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑁 ≠ 0)) → (𝑃 pCnt 𝑁) ∈ ℕ0)

Theorempccl 15276 Closure of the prime power function. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 23-Feb-2014.)
((𝑃 ∈ ℙ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℕ) → (𝑃 pCnt 𝑁) ∈ ℕ0)

Theorempccld 15277 Closure of the prime power function. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 29-May-2016.)
(𝜑𝑃 ∈ ℙ)    &   (𝜑𝑁 ∈ ℕ)       (𝜑 → (𝑃 pCnt 𝑁) ∈ ℕ0)

Theorempcmul 15278 Multiplication property of the prime power function. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 23-Feb-2014.)
((𝑃 ∈ ℙ ∧ (𝐴 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝐴 ≠ 0) ∧ (𝐵 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝐵 ≠ 0)) → (𝑃 pCnt (𝐴 · 𝐵)) = ((𝑃 pCnt 𝐴) + (𝑃 pCnt 𝐵)))

Theorempcdiv 15279 Division property of the prime power function. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 1-Mar-2014.)
((𝑃 ∈ ℙ ∧ (𝐴 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝐴 ≠ 0) ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℕ) → (𝑃 pCnt (𝐴 / 𝐵)) = ((𝑃 pCnt 𝐴) − (𝑃 pCnt 𝐵)))

Theorempcqmul 15280 Multiplication property of the prime power function. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 9-Sep-2014.)
((𝑃 ∈ ℙ ∧ (𝐴 ∈ ℚ ∧ 𝐴 ≠ 0) ∧ (𝐵 ∈ ℚ ∧ 𝐵 ≠ 0)) → (𝑃 pCnt (𝐴 · 𝐵)) = ((𝑃 pCnt 𝐴) + (𝑃 pCnt 𝐵)))

Theorempc0 15281 The value of the prime power function at zero. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 3-Oct-2014.)
(𝑃 ∈ ℙ → (𝑃 pCnt 0) = +∞)

Theorempc1 15282 Value of the prime count function at 1. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 23-Feb-2014.)
(𝑃 ∈ ℙ → (𝑃 pCnt 1) = 0)

Theorempcqcl 15283 Closure of the general prime count function. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 23-Feb-2014.)
((𝑃 ∈ ℙ ∧ (𝑁 ∈ ℚ ∧ 𝑁 ≠ 0)) → (𝑃 pCnt 𝑁) ∈ ℤ)

Theorempcqdiv 15284 Division property of the prime power function. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 10-Aug-2015.)
((𝑃 ∈ ℙ ∧ (𝐴 ∈ ℚ ∧ 𝐴 ≠ 0) ∧ (𝐵 ∈ ℚ ∧ 𝐵 ≠ 0)) → (𝑃 pCnt (𝐴 / 𝐵)) = ((𝑃 pCnt 𝐴) − (𝑃 pCnt 𝐵)))

Theorempcrec 15285 Prime power of a reciprocal. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 10-Aug-2015.)
((𝑃 ∈ ℙ ∧ (𝐴 ∈ ℚ ∧ 𝐴 ≠ 0)) → (𝑃 pCnt (1 / 𝐴)) = -(𝑃 pCnt 𝐴))

Theorempcexp 15286 Prime power of an exponential. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 10-Aug-2015.)
((𝑃 ∈ ℙ ∧ (𝐴 ∈ ℚ ∧ 𝐴 ≠ 0) ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℤ) → (𝑃 pCnt (𝐴𝑁)) = (𝑁 · (𝑃 pCnt 𝐴)))

Theorempcxcl 15287 Extended real closure of the general prime count function. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 3-Oct-2014.)
((𝑃 ∈ ℙ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℚ) → (𝑃 pCnt 𝑁) ∈ ℝ*)

Theorempcge0 15288 The prime count of an integer is greater or equal to zero. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 3-Oct-2014.)
((𝑃 ∈ ℙ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℤ) → 0 ≤ (𝑃 pCnt 𝑁))

Theorempczdvds 15289 Defining property of the prime count function. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 9-Sep-2014.)
((𝑃 ∈ ℙ ∧ (𝑁 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑁 ≠ 0)) → (𝑃↑(𝑃 pCnt 𝑁)) ∥ 𝑁)

Theorempcdvds 15290 Defining property of the prime count function. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 23-Feb-2014.)
((𝑃 ∈ ℙ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℕ) → (𝑃↑(𝑃 pCnt 𝑁)) ∥ 𝑁)

Theorempczndvds 15291 Defining property of the prime count function. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 3-Oct-2014.)
((𝑃 ∈ ℙ ∧ (𝑁 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑁 ≠ 0)) → ¬ (𝑃↑((𝑃 pCnt 𝑁) + 1)) ∥ 𝑁)

Theorempcndvds 15292 Defining property of the prime count function. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 23-Feb-2014.)
((𝑃 ∈ ℙ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℕ) → ¬ (𝑃↑((𝑃 pCnt 𝑁) + 1)) ∥ 𝑁)

Theorempczndvds2 15293 The remainder after dividing out all factors of 𝑃 is not divisible by 𝑃. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 9-Sep-2014.)
((𝑃 ∈ ℙ ∧ (𝑁 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑁 ≠ 0)) → ¬ 𝑃 ∥ (𝑁 / (𝑃↑(𝑃 pCnt 𝑁))))

Theorempcndvds2 15294 The remainder after dividing out all factors of 𝑃 is not divisible by 𝑃. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 23-Feb-2014.)
((𝑃 ∈ ℙ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℕ) → ¬ 𝑃 ∥ (𝑁 / (𝑃↑(𝑃 pCnt 𝑁))))

Theorempcdvdsb 15295 𝑃𝐴 divides 𝑁 if and only if 𝐴 is at most the count of 𝑃. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 3-Oct-2014.)
((𝑃 ∈ ℙ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝐴 ∈ ℕ0) → (𝐴 ≤ (𝑃 pCnt 𝑁) ↔ (𝑃𝐴) ∥ 𝑁))

Theorempcelnn 15296 There are a positive number of powers of a prime 𝑃 in 𝑁 iff 𝑃 divides 𝑁. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 23-Feb-2014.)
((𝑃 ∈ ℙ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℕ) → ((𝑃 pCnt 𝑁) ∈ ℕ ↔ 𝑃𝑁))

Theorempceq0 15297 There are zero powers of a prime 𝑃 in 𝑁 iff 𝑃 does not divide 𝑁. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 23-Feb-2014.)
((𝑃 ∈ ℙ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℕ) → ((𝑃 pCnt 𝑁) = 0 ↔ ¬ 𝑃𝑁))

Theorempcidlem 15298 The prime count of a prime power. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 12-Mar-2014.)
((𝑃 ∈ ℙ ∧ 𝐴 ∈ ℕ0) → (𝑃 pCnt (𝑃𝐴)) = 𝐴)

Theorempcid 15299 The prime count of a prime power. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 9-Sep-2014.)
((𝑃 ∈ ℙ ∧ 𝐴 ∈ ℤ) → (𝑃 pCnt (𝑃𝐴)) = 𝐴)

Theorempcneg 15300 The prime count of a negative number. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 13-Mar-2014.)
((𝑃 ∈ ℙ ∧ 𝐴 ∈ ℚ) → (𝑃 pCnt -𝐴) = (𝑃 pCnt 𝐴))

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