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Theorem List for Metamath Proof Explorer - 17101-17200   *Has distinct variable group(s)
TypeLabelDescription
Statement
 
Syntaxccla 17101 Extend class notation with complete lattices.
class CLat
 
Definitiondf-clat 17102 Define the class of all complete lattices, where every subset of the base set has an LUB and a GLB. (Contributed by NM, 18-Oct-2012.) (Revised by NM, 12-Sep-2018.)
CLat = {𝑝 ∈ Poset ∣ (dom (lub‘𝑝) = 𝒫 (Base‘𝑝) ∧ dom (glb‘𝑝) = 𝒫 (Base‘𝑝))}
 
Theoremisclat 17103 The predicate "is a complete lattice." (Contributed by NM, 18-Oct-2012.) (Revised by NM, 12-Sep-2018.)
𝐵 = (Base‘𝐾)    &   𝑈 = (lub‘𝐾)    &   𝐺 = (glb‘𝐾)       (𝐾 ∈ CLat ↔ (𝐾 ∈ Poset ∧ (dom 𝑈 = 𝒫 𝐵 ∧ dom 𝐺 = 𝒫 𝐵)))
 
Theoremclatpos 17104 A complete lattice is a poset. (Contributed by NM, 8-Sep-2018.)
(𝐾 ∈ CLat → 𝐾 ∈ Poset)
 
Theoremclatlem 17105 Lemma for properties of a complete lattice. (Contributed by NM, 14-Sep-2011.)
𝐵 = (Base‘𝐾)    &   𝑈 = (lub‘𝐾)    &   𝐺 = (glb‘𝐾)       ((𝐾 ∈ CLat ∧ 𝑆𝐵) → ((𝑈𝑆) ∈ 𝐵 ∧ (𝐺𝑆) ∈ 𝐵))
 
Theoremclatlubcl 17106 Any subset of the base set has an LUB in a complete lattice. (Contributed by NM, 14-Sep-2011.)
𝐵 = (Base‘𝐾)    &   𝑈 = (lub‘𝐾)       ((𝐾 ∈ CLat ∧ 𝑆𝐵) → (𝑈𝑆) ∈ 𝐵)
 
Theoremclatlubcl2 17107 Any subset of the base set has an LUB in a complete lattice. (Contributed by NM, 13-Sep-2018.)
𝐵 = (Base‘𝐾)    &   𝑈 = (lub‘𝐾)       ((𝐾 ∈ CLat ∧ 𝑆𝐵) → 𝑆 ∈ dom 𝑈)
 
Theoremclatglbcl 17108 Any subset of the base set has a GLB in a complete lattice. (Contributed by NM, 14-Sep-2011.)
𝐵 = (Base‘𝐾)    &   𝐺 = (glb‘𝐾)       ((𝐾 ∈ CLat ∧ 𝑆𝐵) → (𝐺𝑆) ∈ 𝐵)
 
Theoremclatglbcl2 17109 Any subset of the base set has a GLB in a complete lattice. (Contributed by NM, 13-Sep-2018.)
𝐵 = (Base‘𝐾)    &   𝐺 = (glb‘𝐾)       ((𝐾 ∈ CLat ∧ 𝑆𝐵) → 𝑆 ∈ dom 𝐺)
 
Theoremclatl 17110 A complete lattice is a lattice. (Contributed by NM, 18-Sep-2011.) TODO: use eqrelrdv2 5217 to shorten proof and eliminate joindmss 17001 and meetdmss 17015?
(𝐾 ∈ CLat → 𝐾 ∈ Lat)
 
Theoremisglbd 17111* Properties that determine the greatest lower bound of a complete lattice. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 19-Mar-2014.)
𝐵 = (Base‘𝐾)    &    = (le‘𝐾)    &   𝐺 = (glb‘𝐾)    &   ((𝜑𝑦𝑆) → 𝐻 𝑦)    &   ((𝜑𝑥𝐵 ∧ ∀𝑦𝑆 𝑥 𝑦) → 𝑥 𝐻)    &   (𝜑𝐾 ∈ CLat)    &   (𝜑𝑆𝐵)    &   (𝜑𝐻𝐵)       (𝜑 → (𝐺𝑆) = 𝐻)
 
Theoremlublem 17112* Lemma for the least upper bound properties in a complete lattice. (Contributed by NM, 19-Oct-2011.)
𝐵 = (Base‘𝐾)    &    = (le‘𝐾)    &   𝑈 = (lub‘𝐾)       ((𝐾 ∈ CLat ∧ 𝑆𝐵) → (∀𝑦𝑆 𝑦 (𝑈𝑆) ∧ ∀𝑧𝐵 (∀𝑦𝑆 𝑦 𝑧 → (𝑈𝑆) 𝑧)))
 
Theoremlubub 17113 The LUB of a complete lattice subset is an upper bound. (Contributed by NM, 19-Oct-2011.)
𝐵 = (Base‘𝐾)    &    = (le‘𝐾)    &   𝑈 = (lub‘𝐾)       ((𝐾 ∈ CLat ∧ 𝑆𝐵𝑋𝑆) → 𝑋 (𝑈𝑆))
 
Theoremlubl 17114* The LUB of a complete lattice subset is the least bound. (Contributed by NM, 19-Oct-2011.)
𝐵 = (Base‘𝐾)    &    = (le‘𝐾)    &   𝑈 = (lub‘𝐾)       ((𝐾 ∈ CLat ∧ 𝑆𝐵𝑋𝐵) → (∀𝑦𝑆 𝑦 𝑋 → (𝑈𝑆) 𝑋))
 
Theoremlubss 17115 Subset law for least upper bounds. (chsupss 28185 analog.) (Contributed by NM, 20-Oct-2011.)
𝐵 = (Base‘𝐾)    &    = (le‘𝐾)    &   𝑈 = (lub‘𝐾)       ((𝐾 ∈ CLat ∧ 𝑇𝐵𝑆𝑇) → (𝑈𝑆) (𝑈𝑇))
 
Theoremlubel 17116 An element of a set is less than or equal to the least upper bound of the set. (Contributed by NM, 21-Oct-2011.)
𝐵 = (Base‘𝐾)    &    = (le‘𝐾)    &   𝑈 = (lub‘𝐾)       ((𝐾 ∈ CLat ∧ 𝑋𝑆𝑆𝐵) → 𝑋 (𝑈𝑆))
 
Theoremlubun 17117 The LUB of a union. (Contributed by NM, 5-Mar-2012.)
𝐵 = (Base‘𝐾)    &    = (join‘𝐾)    &   𝑈 = (lub‘𝐾)       ((𝐾 ∈ CLat ∧ 𝑆𝐵𝑇𝐵) → (𝑈‘(𝑆𝑇)) = ((𝑈𝑆) (𝑈𝑇)))
 
Theoremclatglb 17118* Properties of greatest lower bound of a complete lattice. (Contributed by NM, 5-Dec-2011.)
𝐵 = (Base‘𝐾)    &    = (le‘𝐾)    &   𝐺 = (glb‘𝐾)       ((𝐾 ∈ CLat ∧ 𝑆𝐵) → (∀𝑦𝑆 (𝐺𝑆) 𝑦 ∧ ∀𝑧𝐵 (∀𝑦𝑆 𝑧 𝑦𝑧 (𝐺𝑆))))
 
Theoremclatglble 17119 The greatest lower bound is the least element. (Contributed by NM, 5-Dec-2011.)
𝐵 = (Base‘𝐾)    &    = (le‘𝐾)    &   𝐺 = (glb‘𝐾)       ((𝐾 ∈ CLat ∧ 𝑆𝐵𝑋𝑆) → (𝐺𝑆) 𝑋)
 
Theoremclatleglb 17120* Two ways of expressing "less than or equal to the greatest lower bound." (Contributed by NM, 5-Dec-2011.)
𝐵 = (Base‘𝐾)    &    = (le‘𝐾)    &   𝐺 = (glb‘𝐾)       ((𝐾 ∈ CLat ∧ 𝑋𝐵𝑆𝐵) → (𝑋 (𝐺𝑆) ↔ ∀𝑦𝑆 𝑋 𝑦))
 
Theoremclatglbss 17121 Subset law for greatest lower bound. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 16-Apr-2014.)
𝐵 = (Base‘𝐾)    &    = (le‘𝐾)    &   𝐺 = (glb‘𝐾)       ((𝐾 ∈ CLat ∧ 𝑇𝐵𝑆𝑇) → (𝐺𝑇) (𝐺𝑆))
 
9.2.3  The dual of an ordered set
 
Syntaxcodu 17122 Class function defining dual orders.
class ODual
 
Definitiondf-odu 17123 Define the dual of an ordered structure, which replaces the order component of the structure with its reverse. See odubas 17127, oduleval 17125, and oduleg 17126 for its principal properties.

EDITORIAL: likely usable to simplify many lattice proofs, as it allows for duality arguments to be formalized; for instance latmass 17182. (Contributed by Stefan O'Rear, 29-Jan-2015.)

ODual = (𝑤 ∈ V ↦ (𝑤 sSet ⟨(le‘ndx), (le‘𝑤)⟩))
 
Theoremoduval 17124 Value of an order dual structure. (Contributed by Stefan O'Rear, 29-Jan-2015.)
𝐷 = (ODual‘𝑂)    &    = (le‘𝑂)       𝐷 = (𝑂 sSet ⟨(le‘ndx), ⟩)
 
Theoremoduleval 17125 Value of the less-equal relation in an order dual structure. (Contributed by Stefan O'Rear, 29-Jan-2015.)
𝐷 = (ODual‘𝑂)    &    = (le‘𝑂)        = (le‘𝐷)
 
Theoremoduleg 17126 Truth of the less-equal relation in an order dual structure. (Contributed by Stefan O'Rear, 29-Jan-2015.)
𝐷 = (ODual‘𝑂)    &    = (le‘𝑂)    &   𝐺 = (le‘𝐷)       ((𝐴𝑉𝐵𝑊) → (𝐴𝐺𝐵𝐵 𝐴))
 
Theoremodubas 17127 Base set of an order dual structure. (Contributed by Stefan O'Rear, 29-Jan-2015.)
𝐷 = (ODual‘𝑂)    &   𝐵 = (Base‘𝑂)       𝐵 = (Base‘𝐷)
 
Theorempospropd 17128* Posethood is determined only by structure components and only by the value of the relation within the base set. (Contributed by Stefan O'Rear, 29-Jan-2015.)
(𝜑𝐾𝑉)    &   (𝜑𝐿𝑊)    &   (𝜑𝐵 = (Base‘𝐾))    &   (𝜑𝐵 = (Base‘𝐿))    &   ((𝜑 ∧ (𝑥𝐵𝑦𝐵)) → (𝑥(le‘𝐾)𝑦𝑥(le‘𝐿)𝑦))       (𝜑 → (𝐾 ∈ Poset ↔ 𝐿 ∈ Poset))
 
Theoremodupos 17129 Being a poset is a self-dual property. (Contributed by Stefan O'Rear, 29-Jan-2015.)
𝐷 = (ODual‘𝑂)       (𝑂 ∈ Poset → 𝐷 ∈ Poset)
 
Theoremoduposb 17130 Being a poset is a self-dual property. (Contributed by Stefan O'Rear, 29-Jan-2015.)
𝐷 = (ODual‘𝑂)       (𝑂𝑉 → (𝑂 ∈ Poset ↔ 𝐷 ∈ Poset))
 
Theoremmeet0 17131 Lemma for odujoin 17136. (Contributed by Stefan O'Rear, 29-Jan-2015.) TODO (df-riota 6608 update): This proof increased from 152 bytes to 547 bytes after the df-riota 6608 change. Any way to shorten it? join0 17132 also.
(meet‘∅) = ∅
 
Theoremjoin0 17132 Lemma for odumeet 17134. (Contributed by Stefan O'Rear, 29-Jan-2015.)
(join‘∅) = ∅
 
Theoremoduglb 17133 Greatest lower bounds in a dual order are least upper bounds in the original order. (Contributed by Stefan O'Rear, 29-Jan-2015.)
𝐷 = (ODual‘𝑂)    &   𝑈 = (lub‘𝑂)       (𝑂𝑉𝑈 = (glb‘𝐷))
 
Theoremodumeet 17134 Meets in a dual order are joins in the original. (Contributed by Stefan O'Rear, 29-Jan-2015.)
𝐷 = (ODual‘𝑂)    &    = (join‘𝑂)        = (meet‘𝐷)
 
Theoremodulub 17135 Least upper bounds in a dual order are greatest lower bounds in the original order. (Contributed by Stefan O'Rear, 29-Jan-2015.)
𝐷 = (ODual‘𝑂)    &   𝐿 = (glb‘𝑂)       (𝑂𝑉𝐿 = (lub‘𝐷))
 
Theoremodujoin 17136 Joins in a dual order are meets in the original. (Contributed by Stefan O'Rear, 29-Jan-2015.)
𝐷 = (ODual‘𝑂)    &    = (meet‘𝑂)        = (join‘𝐷)
 
Theoremodulatb 17137 Being a lattice is self-dual. (Contributed by Stefan O'Rear, 29-Jan-2015.)
𝐷 = (ODual‘𝑂)       (𝑂𝑉 → (𝑂 ∈ Lat ↔ 𝐷 ∈ Lat))
 
Theoremoduclatb 17138 Being a complete lattice is self-dual. (Contributed by Stefan O'Rear, 29-Jan-2015.)
𝐷 = (ODual‘𝑂)       (𝑂 ∈ CLat ↔ 𝐷 ∈ CLat)
 
Theoremodulat 17139 Being a lattice is self-dual. (Contributed by Stefan O'Rear, 29-Jan-2015.)
𝐷 = (ODual‘𝑂)       (𝑂 ∈ Lat → 𝐷 ∈ Lat)
 
Theoremposlubmo 17140* Least upper bounds in a poset are unique if they exist. (Contributed by Stefan O'Rear, 31-Jan-2015.) (Revised by NM, 16-Jun-2017.)
= (le‘𝐾)    &   𝐵 = (Base‘𝐾)       ((𝐾 ∈ Poset ∧ 𝑆𝐵) → ∃*𝑥𝐵 (∀𝑦𝑆 𝑦 𝑥 ∧ ∀𝑧𝐵 (∀𝑦𝑆 𝑦 𝑧𝑥 𝑧)))
 
Theoremposglbmo 17141* Greatest lower bounds in a poset are unique if they exist. (Contributed by NM, 20-Sep-2018.)
= (le‘𝐾)    &   𝐵 = (Base‘𝐾)       ((𝐾 ∈ Poset ∧ 𝑆𝐵) → ∃*𝑥𝐵 (∀𝑦𝑆 𝑥 𝑦 ∧ ∀𝑧𝐵 (∀𝑦𝑆 𝑧 𝑦𝑧 𝑥)))
 
Theoremposlubd 17142* Properties which determine the least upper bound in a poset. (Contributed by Stefan O'Rear, 31-Jan-2015.)
= (le‘𝐾)    &   𝐵 = (Base‘𝐾)    &   𝑈 = (lub‘𝐾)    &   (𝜑𝐾 ∈ Poset)    &   (𝜑𝑆𝐵)    &   (𝜑𝑇𝐵)    &   ((𝜑𝑥𝑆) → 𝑥 𝑇)    &   ((𝜑𝑦𝐵 ∧ ∀𝑥𝑆 𝑥 𝑦) → 𝑇 𝑦)       (𝜑 → (𝑈𝑆) = 𝑇)
 
Theoremposlubdg 17143* Properties which determine the least upper bound in a poset. (Contributed by Stefan O'Rear, 31-Jan-2015.)
= (le‘𝐾)    &   (𝜑𝐵 = (Base‘𝐾))    &   (𝜑𝑈 = (lub‘𝐾))    &   (𝜑𝐾 ∈ Poset)    &   (𝜑𝑆𝐵)    &   (𝜑𝑇𝐵)    &   ((𝜑𝑥𝑆) → 𝑥 𝑇)    &   ((𝜑𝑦𝐵 ∧ ∀𝑥𝑆 𝑥 𝑦) → 𝑇 𝑦)       (𝜑 → (𝑈𝑆) = 𝑇)
 
Theoremposglbd 17144* Properties which determine the greatest lower bound in a poset. (Contributed by Stefan O'Rear, 31-Jan-2015.)
= (le‘𝐾)    &   (𝜑𝐵 = (Base‘𝐾))    &   (𝜑𝐺 = (glb‘𝐾))    &   (𝜑𝐾 ∈ Poset)    &   (𝜑𝑆𝐵)    &   (𝜑𝑇𝐵)    &   ((𝜑𝑥𝑆) → 𝑇 𝑥)    &   ((𝜑𝑦𝐵 ∧ ∀𝑥𝑆 𝑦 𝑥) → 𝑦 𝑇)       (𝜑 → (𝐺𝑆) = 𝑇)
 
9.2.4  Subset order structures
 
Syntaxcipo 17145 Class function defining inclusion posets.
class toInc
 
Definitiondf-ipo 17146* For any family of sets, define the poset of that family ordered by inclusion. See ipobas 17149, ipolerval 17150, and ipole 17152 for its contract.

EDITORIAL: I'm not thrilled with the name. Any suggestions? (Contributed by Stefan O'Rear, 30-Jan-2015.) (New usage is discouraged.)

toInc = (𝑓 ∈ V ↦ {⟨𝑥, 𝑦⟩ ∣ ({𝑥, 𝑦} ⊆ 𝑓𝑥𝑦)} / 𝑜({⟨(Base‘ndx), 𝑓⟩, ⟨(TopSet‘ndx), (ordTop‘𝑜)⟩} ∪ {⟨(le‘ndx), 𝑜⟩, ⟨(oc‘ndx), (𝑥𝑓 {𝑦𝑓 ∣ (𝑦𝑥) = ∅})⟩}))
 
Theoremipostr 17147 The structure of df-ipo 17146 is a structure defining indexes up to 11. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 25-Oct-2015.)
({⟨(Base‘ndx), 𝐵⟩, ⟨(TopSet‘ndx), 𝐽⟩} ∪ {⟨(le‘ndx), ⟩, ⟨(oc‘ndx), ⟩}) Struct ⟨1, 11⟩
 
Theoremipoval 17148* Value of the inclusion poset. (Contributed by Stefan O'Rear, 30-Jan-2015.)
𝐼 = (toInc‘𝐹)    &    = {⟨𝑥, 𝑦⟩ ∣ ({𝑥, 𝑦} ⊆ 𝐹𝑥𝑦)}       (𝐹𝑉𝐼 = ({⟨(Base‘ndx), 𝐹⟩, ⟨(TopSet‘ndx), (ordTop‘ )⟩} ∪ {⟨(le‘ndx), ⟩, ⟨(oc‘ndx), (𝑥𝐹 {𝑦𝐹 ∣ (𝑦𝑥) = ∅})⟩}))
 
Theoremipobas 17149 Base set of the inclusion poset. (Contributed by Stefan O'Rear, 30-Jan-2015.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 25-Oct-2015.)
𝐼 = (toInc‘𝐹)       (𝐹𝑉𝐹 = (Base‘𝐼))
 
Theoremipolerval 17150* Relation of the inclusion poset. (Contributed by Stefan O'Rear, 30-Jan-2015.)
𝐼 = (toInc‘𝐹)       (𝐹𝑉 → {⟨𝑥, 𝑦⟩ ∣ ({𝑥, 𝑦} ⊆ 𝐹𝑥𝑦)} = (le‘𝐼))
 
Theoremipotset 17151 Topology of the inclusion poset. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 24-Oct-2015.)
𝐼 = (toInc‘𝐹)    &    = (le‘𝐼)       (𝐹𝑉 → (ordTop‘ ) = (TopSet‘𝐼))
 
Theoremipole 17152 Weak order condition of the inclusion poset. (Contributed by Stefan O'Rear, 30-Jan-2015.)
𝐼 = (toInc‘𝐹)    &    = (le‘𝐼)       ((𝐹𝑉𝑋𝐹𝑌𝐹) → (𝑋 𝑌𝑋𝑌))
 
Theoremipolt 17153 Strict order condition of the inclusion poset. (Contributed by Stefan O'Rear, 30-Jan-2015.)
𝐼 = (toInc‘𝐹)    &    < = (lt‘𝐼)       ((𝐹𝑉𝑋𝐹𝑌𝐹) → (𝑋 < 𝑌𝑋𝑌))
 
Theoremipopos 17154 The inclusion poset on a family of sets is actually a poset. (Contributed by Stefan O'Rear, 30-Jan-2015.)
𝐼 = (toInc‘𝐹)       𝐼 ∈ Poset
 
Theoremisipodrs 17155* Condition for a family of sets to be directed by inclusion. (Contributed by Stefan O'Rear, 2-Apr-2015.)
((toInc‘𝐴) ∈ Dirset ↔ (𝐴 ∈ V ∧ 𝐴 ≠ ∅ ∧ ∀𝑥𝐴𝑦𝐴𝑧𝐴 (𝑥𝑦) ⊆ 𝑧))
 
Theoremipodrscl 17156 Direction by inclusion as used here implies sethood. (Contributed by Stefan O'Rear, 2-Apr-2015.)
((toInc‘𝐴) ∈ Dirset → 𝐴 ∈ V)
 
Theoremipodrsfi 17157* Finite upper bound property for directed collections of sets. (Contributed by Stefan O'Rear, 2-Apr-2015.)
(((toInc‘𝐴) ∈ Dirset ∧ 𝑋𝐴𝑋 ∈ Fin) → ∃𝑧𝐴 𝑋𝑧)
 
Theoremfpwipodrs 17158 The finite subsets of any set are directed by inclusion. (Contributed by Stefan O'Rear, 2-Apr-2015.)
(𝐴𝑉 → (toInc‘(𝒫 𝐴 ∩ Fin)) ∈ Dirset)
 
Theoremipodrsima 17159* The monotone image of a directed set. (Contributed by Stefan O'Rear, 2-Apr-2015.)
(𝜑𝐹 Fn 𝒫 𝐴)    &   ((𝜑 ∧ (𝑢𝑣𝑣𝐴)) → (𝐹𝑢) ⊆ (𝐹𝑣))    &   (𝜑 → (toInc‘𝐵) ∈ Dirset)    &   (𝜑𝐵 ⊆ 𝒫 𝐴)    &   (𝜑 → (𝐹𝐵) ∈ 𝑉)       (𝜑 → (toInc‘(𝐹𝐵)) ∈ Dirset)
 
Theoremisacs3lem 17160* An algebraic closure system satisfies isacs3 17168. (Contributed by Stefan O'Rear, 2-Apr-2015.)
(𝐶 ∈ (ACS‘𝑋) → (𝐶 ∈ (Moore‘𝑋) ∧ ∀𝑠 ∈ 𝒫 𝐶((toInc‘𝑠) ∈ Dirset → 𝑠𝐶)))
 
Theoremacsdrsel 17161 An algebraic closure system contains all directed unions of closed sets. (Contributed by Stefan O'Rear, 2-Apr-2015.)
((𝐶 ∈ (ACS‘𝑋) ∧ 𝑌𝐶 ∧ (toInc‘𝑌) ∈ Dirset) → 𝑌𝐶)
 
Theoremisacs4lem 17162* In a closure system in which directed unions of closed sets are closed, closure commutes with directed unions. (Contributed by Stefan O'Rear, 2-Apr-2015.)
𝐹 = (mrCls‘𝐶)       ((𝐶 ∈ (Moore‘𝑋) ∧ ∀𝑠 ∈ 𝒫 𝐶((toInc‘𝑠) ∈ Dirset → 𝑠𝐶)) → (𝐶 ∈ (Moore‘𝑋) ∧ ∀𝑡 ∈ 𝒫 𝒫 𝑋((toInc‘𝑡) ∈ Dirset → (𝐹 𝑡) = (𝐹𝑡))))
 
Theoremisacs5lem 17163* If closure commutes with directed unions, then the closure of a set is the closure of its finite subsets. (Contributed by Stefan O'Rear, 2-Apr-2015.)
𝐹 = (mrCls‘𝐶)       ((𝐶 ∈ (Moore‘𝑋) ∧ ∀𝑡 ∈ 𝒫 𝒫 𝑋((toInc‘𝑡) ∈ Dirset → (𝐹 𝑡) = (𝐹𝑡))) → (𝐶 ∈ (Moore‘𝑋) ∧ ∀𝑠 ∈ 𝒫 𝑋(𝐹𝑠) = (𝐹 “ (𝒫 𝑠 ∩ Fin))))
 
Theoremacsdrscl 17164 In an algebraic closure system, closure commutes with directed unions. (Contributed by Stefan O'Rear, 2-Apr-2015.)
𝐹 = (mrCls‘𝐶)       ((𝐶 ∈ (ACS‘𝑋) ∧ 𝑌 ⊆ 𝒫 𝑋 ∧ (toInc‘𝑌) ∈ Dirset) → (𝐹 𝑌) = (𝐹𝑌))
 
Theoremacsficl 17165 A closure in an algebraic closure system is the union of the closures of finite subsets. (Contributed by Stefan O'Rear, 2-Apr-2015.)
𝐹 = (mrCls‘𝐶)       ((𝐶 ∈ (ACS‘𝑋) ∧ 𝑆𝑋) → (𝐹𝑆) = (𝐹 “ (𝒫 𝑆 ∩ Fin)))
 
Theoremisacs5 17166* A closure system is algebraic iff the closure of a generating set is the union of the closures of its finite subsets. (Contributed by Stefan O'Rear, 2-Apr-2015.)
𝐹 = (mrCls‘𝐶)       (𝐶 ∈ (ACS‘𝑋) ↔ (𝐶 ∈ (Moore‘𝑋) ∧ ∀𝑠 ∈ 𝒫 𝑋(𝐹𝑠) = (𝐹 “ (𝒫 𝑠 ∩ Fin))))
 
Theoremisacs4 17167* A closure system is algebraic iff closure commutes with directed unions. (Contributed by Stefan O'Rear, 2-Apr-2015.)
𝐹 = (mrCls‘𝐶)       (𝐶 ∈ (ACS‘𝑋) ↔ (𝐶 ∈ (Moore‘𝑋) ∧ ∀𝑠 ∈ 𝒫 𝒫 𝑋((toInc‘𝑠) ∈ Dirset → (𝐹 𝑠) = (𝐹𝑠))))
 
Theoremisacs3 17168* A closure system is algebraic iff directed unions of closed sets are closed. (Contributed by Stefan O'Rear, 2-Apr-2015.)
(𝐶 ∈ (ACS‘𝑋) ↔ (𝐶 ∈ (Moore‘𝑋) ∧ ∀𝑠 ∈ 𝒫 𝐶((toInc‘𝑠) ∈ Dirset → 𝑠𝐶)))
 
Theoremacsficld 17169 In an algebraic closure system, the closure of a set is the union of the closures of its finite subsets. Deduction form of acsficl 17165. (Contributed by David Moews, 1-May-2017.)
(𝜑𝐴 ∈ (ACS‘𝑋))    &   𝑁 = (mrCls‘𝐴)    &   (𝜑𝑆𝑋)       (𝜑 → (𝑁𝑆) = (𝑁 “ (𝒫 𝑆 ∩ Fin)))
 
Theoremacsficl2d 17170* In an algebraic closure system, an element is in the closure of a set if and only if it is in the closure of a finite subset. Alternate form of acsficl 17165. Deduction form. (Contributed by David Moews, 1-May-2017.)
(𝜑𝐴 ∈ (ACS‘𝑋))    &   𝑁 = (mrCls‘𝐴)    &   (𝜑𝑆𝑋)       (𝜑 → (𝑌 ∈ (𝑁𝑆) ↔ ∃𝑥 ∈ (𝒫 𝑆 ∩ Fin)𝑌 ∈ (𝑁𝑥)))
 
Theoremacsfiindd 17171 In an algebraic closure system, a set is independent if and only if all its finite subsets are independent. Part of Proposition 4.1.3 in [FaureFrolicher] p. 83. (Contributed by David Moews, 1-May-2017.)
(𝜑𝐴 ∈ (ACS‘𝑋))    &   𝑁 = (mrCls‘𝐴)    &   𝐼 = (mrInd‘𝐴)    &   (𝜑𝑆𝑋)       (𝜑 → (𝑆𝐼 ↔ (𝒫 𝑆 ∩ Fin) ⊆ 𝐼))
 
Theoremacsmapd 17172* In an algebraic closure system, if 𝑇 is contained in the closure of 𝑆, there is a map 𝑓 from 𝑇 into the set of finite subsets of 𝑆 such that the closure of ran 𝑓 contains 𝑇. This is proven by applying acsficl2d 17170 to each element of 𝑇. See Section II.5 in [Cohn] p. 81 to 82. (Contributed by David Moews, 1-May-2017.)
(𝜑𝐴 ∈ (ACS‘𝑋))    &   𝑁 = (mrCls‘𝐴)    &   (𝜑𝑆𝑋)    &   (𝜑𝑇 ⊆ (𝑁𝑆))       (𝜑 → ∃𝑓(𝑓:𝑇⟶(𝒫 𝑆 ∩ Fin) ∧ 𝑇 ⊆ (𝑁 ran 𝑓)))
 
Theoremacsmap2d 17173* In an algebraic closure system, if 𝑆 and 𝑇 have the same closure and 𝑆 is independent, then there is a map 𝑓 from 𝑇 into the set of finite subsets of 𝑆 such that 𝑆 equals the union of ran 𝑓. This is proven by taking the map 𝑓 from acsmapd 17172 and observing that, since 𝑆 and 𝑇 have the same closure, the closure of ran 𝑓 must contain 𝑆. Since 𝑆 is independent, by mrissmrcd 16294, ran 𝑓 must equal 𝑆. See Section II.5 in [Cohn] p. 81 to 82. (Contributed by David Moews, 1-May-2017.)
(𝜑𝐴 ∈ (ACS‘𝑋))    &   𝑁 = (mrCls‘𝐴)    &   𝐼 = (mrInd‘𝐴)    &   (𝜑𝑆𝐼)    &   (𝜑𝑇𝑋)    &   (𝜑 → (𝑁𝑆) = (𝑁𝑇))       (𝜑 → ∃𝑓(𝑓:𝑇⟶(𝒫 𝑆 ∩ Fin) ∧ 𝑆 = ran 𝑓))
 
Theoremacsinfd 17174 In an algebraic closure system, if 𝑆 and 𝑇 have the same closure and 𝑆 is infinite independent, then 𝑇 is infinite. This follows from applying unirnffid 8255 to the map given in acsmap2d 17173. See Section II.5 in [Cohn] p. 81 to 82. (Contributed by David Moews, 1-May-2017.)
(𝜑𝐴 ∈ (ACS‘𝑋))    &   𝑁 = (mrCls‘𝐴)    &   𝐼 = (mrInd‘𝐴)    &   (𝜑𝑆𝐼)    &   (𝜑𝑇𝑋)    &   (𝜑 → (𝑁𝑆) = (𝑁𝑇))    &   (𝜑 → ¬ 𝑆 ∈ Fin)       (𝜑 → ¬ 𝑇 ∈ Fin)
 
Theoremacsdomd 17175 In an algebraic closure system, if 𝑆 and 𝑇 have the same closure and 𝑆 is infinite independent, then 𝑇 dominates 𝑆. This follows from applying acsinfd 17174 and then applying unirnfdomd 9386 to the map given in acsmap2d 17173. See Section II.5 in [Cohn] p. 81 to 82. (Contributed by David Moews, 1-May-2017.)
(𝜑𝐴 ∈ (ACS‘𝑋))    &   𝑁 = (mrCls‘𝐴)    &   𝐼 = (mrInd‘𝐴)    &   (𝜑𝑆𝐼)    &   (𝜑𝑇𝑋)    &   (𝜑 → (𝑁𝑆) = (𝑁𝑇))    &   (𝜑 → ¬ 𝑆 ∈ Fin)       (𝜑𝑆𝑇)
 
Theoremacsinfdimd 17176 In an algebraic closure system, if two independent sets have equal closure and one is infinite, then they are equinumerous. This is proven by using acsdomd 17175 twice with acsinfd 17174. See Section II.5 in [Cohn] p. 81 to 82. (Contributed by David Moews, 1-May-2017.)
(𝜑𝐴 ∈ (ACS‘𝑋))    &   𝑁 = (mrCls‘𝐴)    &   𝐼 = (mrInd‘𝐴)    &   (𝜑𝑆𝐼)    &   (𝜑𝑇𝐼)    &   (𝜑 → (𝑁𝑆) = (𝑁𝑇))    &   (𝜑 → ¬ 𝑆 ∈ Fin)       (𝜑𝑆𝑇)
 
Theoremacsexdimd 17177* In an algebraic closure system whose closure operator has the exchange property, if two independent sets have equal closure, they are equinumerous. See mreexfidimd 16305 for the finite case and acsinfdimd 17176 for the infinite case. This is a special case of Theorem 4.2.2 in [FaureFrolicher] p. 87. (Contributed by David Moews, 1-May-2017.)
(𝜑𝐴 ∈ (ACS‘𝑋))    &   𝑁 = (mrCls‘𝐴)    &   𝐼 = (mrInd‘𝐴)    &   (𝜑 → ∀𝑠 ∈ 𝒫 𝑋𝑦𝑋𝑧 ∈ ((𝑁‘(𝑠 ∪ {𝑦})) ∖ (𝑁𝑠))𝑦 ∈ (𝑁‘(𝑠 ∪ {𝑧})))    &   (𝜑𝑆𝐼)    &   (𝜑𝑇𝐼)    &   (𝜑 → (𝑁𝑆) = (𝑁𝑇))       (𝜑𝑆𝑇)
 
Theoremmrelatglb 17178 Greatest lower bounds in a Moore space are realized by intersections. (Contributed by Stefan O'Rear, 31-Jan-2015.)
𝐼 = (toInc‘𝐶)    &   𝐺 = (glb‘𝐼)       ((𝐶 ∈ (Moore‘𝑋) ∧ 𝑈𝐶𝑈 ≠ ∅) → (𝐺𝑈) = 𝑈)
 
Theoremmrelatglb0 17179 The empty intersection in a Moore space is realized by the base set. (Contributed by Stefan O'Rear, 31-Jan-2015.)
𝐼 = (toInc‘𝐶)    &   𝐺 = (glb‘𝐼)       (𝐶 ∈ (Moore‘𝑋) → (𝐺‘∅) = 𝑋)
 
Theoremmrelatlub 17180 Least upper bounds in a Moore space are realized by the closure of the union. (Contributed by Stefan O'Rear, 31-Jan-2015.)
𝐼 = (toInc‘𝐶)    &   𝐹 = (mrCls‘𝐶)    &   𝐿 = (lub‘𝐼)       ((𝐶 ∈ (Moore‘𝑋) ∧ 𝑈𝐶) → (𝐿𝑈) = (𝐹 𝑈))
 
TheoremmreclatBAD 17181* A Moore space is a complete lattice under inclusion. (Contributed by Stefan O'Rear, 31-Jan-2015.) TODO (df-riota 6608 update): Reprove using isclat 17103 instead of the isclatBAD. hypothesis. See commented-out mreclat above.
𝐼 = (toInc‘𝐶)    &   (𝐼 ∈ CLat ↔ (𝐼 ∈ Poset ∧ ∀𝑥(𝑥 ⊆ (Base‘𝐼) → (((lub‘𝐼)‘𝑥) ∈ (Base‘𝐼) ∧ ((glb‘𝐼)‘𝑥) ∈ (Base‘𝐼)))))       (𝐶 ∈ (Moore‘𝑋) → 𝐼 ∈ CLat)
 
9.2.5  Distributive lattices
 
Theoremlatmass 17182 Lattice meet is associative. (Contributed by Stefan O'Rear, 30-Jan-2015.)
𝐵 = (Base‘𝐾)    &    = (meet‘𝐾)       ((𝐾 ∈ Lat ∧ (𝑋𝐵𝑌𝐵𝑍𝐵)) → ((𝑋 𝑌) 𝑍) = (𝑋 (𝑌 𝑍)))
 
Theoremlatdisdlem 17183* Lemma for latdisd 17184. (Contributed by Stefan O'Rear, 30-Jan-2015.)
𝐵 = (Base‘𝐾)    &    = (join‘𝐾)    &    = (meet‘𝐾)       (𝐾 ∈ Lat → (∀𝑢𝐵𝑣𝐵𝑤𝐵 (𝑢 (𝑣 𝑤)) = ((𝑢 𝑣) (𝑢 𝑤)) → ∀𝑥𝐵𝑦𝐵𝑧𝐵 (𝑥 (𝑦 𝑧)) = ((𝑥 𝑦) (𝑥 𝑧))))
 
Theoremlatdisd 17184* In a lattice, joins distribute over meets if and only if meets distribute over joins; the distributive property is self-dual. (Contributed by Stefan O'Rear, 29-Jan-2015.)
𝐵 = (Base‘𝐾)    &    = (join‘𝐾)    &    = (meet‘𝐾)       (𝐾 ∈ Lat → (∀𝑥𝐵𝑦𝐵𝑧𝐵 (𝑥 (𝑦 𝑧)) = ((𝑥 𝑦) (𝑥 𝑧)) ↔ ∀𝑥𝐵𝑦𝐵𝑧𝐵 (𝑥 (𝑦 𝑧)) = ((𝑥 𝑦) (𝑥 𝑧))))
 
Syntaxcdlat 17185 The class of distributive lattices.
class DLat
 
Definitiondf-dlat 17186* A distributive lattice is a lattice in which meets distribute over joins, or equivalently (latdisd 17184) joins distribute over meets. (Contributed by Stefan O'Rear, 30-Jan-2015.)
DLat = {𝑘 ∈ Lat ∣ [(Base‘𝑘) / 𝑏][(join‘𝑘) / 𝑗][(meet‘𝑘) / 𝑚]𝑥𝑏𝑦𝑏𝑧𝑏 (𝑥𝑚(𝑦𝑗𝑧)) = ((𝑥𝑚𝑦)𝑗(𝑥𝑚𝑧))}
 
Theoremisdlat 17187* Property of being a distributive lattice. (Contributed by Stefan O'Rear, 30-Jan-2015.)
𝐵 = (Base‘𝐾)    &    = (join‘𝐾)    &    = (meet‘𝐾)       (𝐾 ∈ DLat ↔ (𝐾 ∈ Lat ∧ ∀𝑥𝐵𝑦𝐵𝑧𝐵 (𝑥 (𝑦 𝑧)) = ((𝑥 𝑦) (𝑥 𝑧))))
 
Theoremdlatmjdi 17188 In a distributive lattice, meets distribute over joins. (Contributed by Stefan O'Rear, 30-Jan-2015.)
𝐵 = (Base‘𝐾)    &    = (join‘𝐾)    &    = (meet‘𝐾)       ((𝐾 ∈ DLat ∧ (𝑋𝐵𝑌𝐵𝑍𝐵)) → (𝑋 (𝑌 𝑍)) = ((𝑋 𝑌) (𝑋 𝑍)))
 
Theoremdlatl 17189 A distributive lattice is a lattice. (Contributed by Stefan O'Rear, 30-Jan-2015.)
(𝐾 ∈ DLat → 𝐾 ∈ Lat)
 
Theoremodudlatb 17190 The dual of a distributive lattice is a distributive lattice and conversely. (Contributed by Stefan O'Rear, 30-Jan-2015.)
𝐷 = (ODual‘𝐾)       (𝐾𝑉 → (𝐾 ∈ DLat ↔ 𝐷 ∈ DLat))
 
Theoremdlatjmdi 17191 In a distributive lattice, joins distribute over meets. (Contributed by Stefan O'Rear, 30-Jan-2015.)
𝐵 = (Base‘𝐾)    &    = (join‘𝐾)    &    = (meet‘𝐾)       ((𝐾 ∈ DLat ∧ (𝑋𝐵𝑌𝐵𝑍𝐵)) → (𝑋 (𝑌 𝑍)) = ((𝑋 𝑌) (𝑋 𝑍)))
 
9.2.6  Posets and lattices as relations
 
Syntaxcps 17192 Extend class notation with the class of all posets.
class PosetRel
 
Syntaxctsr 17193 Extend class notation with the class of all totally ordered sets.
class TosetRel
 
Definitiondf-ps 17194 Define the class of all posets (partially ordered sets) with weak ordering (e.g., "less than or equal to" instead of "less than"). A poset is a relation which is transitive, reflexive, and antisymmetric. (Contributed by NM, 11-May-2008.)
PosetRel = {𝑟 ∣ (Rel 𝑟 ∧ (𝑟𝑟) ⊆ 𝑟 ∧ (𝑟𝑟) = ( I ↾ 𝑟))}
 
Definitiondf-tsr 17195 Define the class of all totally ordered sets. (Contributed by FL, 1-Nov-2009.)
TosetRel = {𝑟 ∈ PosetRel ∣ (dom 𝑟 × dom 𝑟) ⊆ (𝑟𝑟)}
 
Theoremisps 17196 The predicate "is a poset" i.e. a transitive, reflexive, antisymmetric relation. (Contributed by NM, 11-May-2008.)
(𝑅𝐴 → (𝑅 ∈ PosetRel ↔ (Rel 𝑅 ∧ (𝑅𝑅) ⊆ 𝑅 ∧ (𝑅𝑅) = ( I ↾ 𝑅))))
 
Theorempsrel 17197 A poset is a relation. (Contributed by NM, 12-May-2008.)
(𝐴 ∈ PosetRel → Rel 𝐴)
 
Theorempsref2 17198 A poset is antisymmetric and reflexive. (Contributed by FL, 3-Aug-2009.)
(𝑅 ∈ PosetRel → (𝑅𝑅) = ( I ↾ 𝑅))
 
Theorempstr2 17199 A poset is transitive. (Contributed by FL, 3-Aug-2009.)
(𝑅 ∈ PosetRel → (𝑅𝑅) ⊆ 𝑅)
 
Theorempslem 17200 Lemma for psref 17202 and others. (Contributed by NM, 12-May-2008.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 30-Apr-2015.)
(𝑅 ∈ PosetRel → (((𝐴𝑅𝐵𝐵𝑅𝐶) → 𝐴𝑅𝐶) ∧ (𝐴 𝑅𝐴𝑅𝐴) ∧ ((𝐴𝑅𝐵𝐵𝑅𝐴) → 𝐴 = 𝐵)))
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144 14301-14400 145 14401-14500 146 14501-14600 147 14601-14700 148 14701-14800 149 14801-14900 150 14901-15000 151 15001-15100 152 15101-15200 153 15201-15300 154 15301-15400 155 15401-15500 156 15501-15600 157 15601-15700 158 15701-15800 159 15801-15900 160 15901-16000 161 16001-16100 162 16101-16200 163 16201-16300 164 16301-16400 165 16401-16500 166 16501-16600 167 16601-16700 168 16701-16800 169 16801-16900 170 16901-17000 171 17001-17100 172 17101-17200 173 17201-17300 174 17301-17400 175 17401-17500 176 17501-17600 177 17601-17700 178 17701-17800 179 17801-17900 180 17901-18000 181 18001-18100 182 18101-18200 183 18201-18300 184 18301-18400 185 18401-18500 186 18501-18600 187 18601-18700 188 18701-18800 189 18801-18900 190 18901-19000 191 19001-19100 192 19101-19200 193 19201-19300 194 19301-19400 195 19401-19500 196 19501-19600 197 19601-19700 198 19701-19800 199 19801-19900 200 19901-20000 201 20001-20100 202 20101-20200 203 20201-20300 204 20301-20400 205 20401-20500 206 20501-20600 207 20601-20700 208 20701-20800 209 20801-20900 210 20901-21000 211 21001-21100 212 21101-21200 213 21201-21300 214 21301-21400 215 21401-21500 216 21501-21600 217 21601-21700 218 21701-21800 219 21801-21900 220 21901-22000 221 22001-22100 222 22101-22200 223 22201-22300 224 22301-22400 225 22401-22500 226 22501-22600 227 22601-22700 228 22701-22800 229 22801-22900 230 22901-23000 231 23001-23100 232 23101-23200 233 23201-23300 234 23301-23400 235 23401-23500 236 23501-23600 237 23601-23700 238 23701-23800 239 23801-23900 240 23901-24000 241 24001-24100 242 24101-24200 243 24201-24300 244 24301-24400 245 24401-24500 246 24501-24600 247 24601-24700 248 24701-24800 249 24801-24900 250 24901-25000 251 25001-25100 252 25101-25200 253 25201-25300 254 25301-25400 255 25401-25500 256 25501-25600 257 25601-25700 258 25701-25800 259 25801-25900 260 25901-26000 261 26001-26100 262 26101-26200 263 26201-26300 264 26301-26400 265 26401-26500 266 26501-26600 267 26601-26700 268 26701-26800 269 26801-26900 270 26901-27000 271 27001-27100 272 27101-27200 273 27201-27300 274 27301-27400 275 27401-27500 276 27501-27600 277 27601-27700 278 27701-27800 279 27801-27900 280 27901-28000 281 28001-28100 282 28101-28200 283 28201-28300 284 28301-28400 285 28401-28500 286 28501-28600 287 28601-28700 288 28701-28800 289 28801-28900 290 28901-29000 291 29001-29100 292 29101-29200 293 29201-29300 294 29301-29400 295 29401-29500 296 29501-29600 297 29601-29700 298 29701-29800 299 29801-29900 300 29901-30000 301 30001-30100 302 30101-30200 303 30201-30300 304 30301-30400 305 30401-30500 306 30501-30600 307 30601-30700 308 30701-30800 309 30801-30900 310 30901-31000 311 31001-31100 312 31101-31200 313 31201-31300 314 31301-31400 315 31401-31500 316 31501-31600 317 31601-31700 318 31701-31800 319 31801-31900 320 31901-32000 321 32001-32100 322 32101-32200 323 32201-32300 324 32301-32400 325 32401-32500 326 32501-32600 327 32601-32700 328 32701-32800 329 32801-32900 330 32901-33000 331 33001-33100 332 33101-33200 333 33201-33300 334 33301-33400 335 33401-33500 336 33501-33600 337 33601-33700 338 33701-33800 339 33801-33900 340 33901-34000 341 34001-34100 342 34101-34200 343 34201-34300 344 34301-34400 345 34401-34500 346 34501-34600 347 34601-34700 348 34701-34800 349 34801-34900 350 34901-35000 351 35001-35100 352 35101-35200 353 35201-35300 354 35301-35400 355 35401-35500 356 35501-35600 357 35601-35700 358 35701-35800 359 35801-35900 360 35901-36000 361 36001-36100 362 36101-36200 363 36201-36300 364 36301-36400 365 36401-36500 366 36501-36600 367 36601-36700 368 36701-36800 369 36801-36900 370 36901-37000 371 37001-37100 372 37101-37200 373 37201-37300 374 37301-37400 375 37401-37500 376 37501-37600 377 37601-37700 378 37701-37800 379 37801-37900 380 37901-38000 381 38001-38100 382 38101-38200 383 38201-38300 384 38301-38400 385 38401-38500 386 38501-38600 387 38601-38700 388 38701-38800 389 38801-38900 390 38901-39000 391 39001-39100 392 39101-39200 393 39201-39300 394 39301-39400 395 39401-39500 396 39501-39600 397 39601-39700 398 39701-39800 399 39801-39900 400 39901-40000 401 40001-40100 402 40101-40200 403 40201-40300 404 40301-40400 405 40401-40500 406 40501-40600 407 40601-40700 408 40701-40800 409 40801-40900 410 40901-41000 411 41001-41100 412 41101-41200 413 41201-41300 414 41301-41400 415 41401-41500 416 41501-41600 417 41601-41700 418 41701-41800 419 41801-41900 420 41901-42000 421 42001-42100 422 42101-42200 423 42201-42300 424 42301-42322
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