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Theorem List for Metamath Proof Explorer - 2501-2600   *Has distinct variable group(s)
TypeLabelDescription
Statement
 
Definitiondf-clab 2501 Define class abstraction notation (so-called by Quine), also called a "class builder" in the literature. 𝑥 and 𝑦 need not be distinct. Definition 2.1 of [Quine] p. 16. Typically, 𝜑 will have 𝑦 as a free variable, and "{𝑦𝜑} " is read "the class of all sets 𝑦 such that 𝜑(𝑦) is true." We do not define {𝑦𝜑} in isolation but only as part of an expression that extends or "overloads" the relationship.

This is our first use of the symbol to connect classes instead of sets. The syntax definition wcel 1938, which extends or "overloads" the wel 1939 definition connecting setvar variables, requires that both sides of be classes. In df-cleq 2507 and df-clel 2510, we introduce a new kind of variable (class variable) that can be substituted with expressions such as {𝑦𝜑}. In the present definition, the 𝑥 on the left-hand side is a setvar variable. Syntax definition cv 1473 allows us to substitute a setvar variable 𝑥 for a class variable: all sets are classes by cvjust 2509 (but not necessarily vice-versa). For a full description of how classes are introduced and how to recover the primitive language, see the discussion in Quine (and under abeq2 2623 for a quick overview).

Because class variables can be substituted with compound expressions and setvar variables cannot, it is often useful to convert a theorem containing a free setvar variable to a more general version with a class variable. This is done with theorems such as vtoclg 3143 which is used, for example, to convert elirrv 8263 to elirr 8264.

This is called the "axiom of class comprehension" by [Levy] p. 338, who treats the theory of classes as an extralogical extension to our logic and set theory axioms. He calls the construction {𝑦𝜑} a "class term".

While the three class definitions df-clab 2501, df-cleq 2507, and df-clel 2510 are eliminable and conservative and thus meet the requirements for sound definitions, they are technically axioms in that they do not satisfy the requirements for the current definition checker. The proofs of conservativity require external justification that is beyond the scope of the definition checker.

For a general discussion of the theory of classes, see mmset.html#class. (Contributed by NM, 26-May-1993.)

(𝑥 ∈ {𝑦𝜑} ↔ [𝑥 / 𝑦]𝜑)
 
Theoremabid 2502 Simplification of class abstraction notation when the free and bound variables are identical. (Contributed by NM, 26-May-1993.)
(𝑥 ∈ {𝑥𝜑} ↔ 𝜑)
 
Theoremhbab1 2503* Bound-variable hypothesis builder for a class abstraction. (Contributed by NM, 26-May-1993.)
(𝑦 ∈ {𝑥𝜑} → ∀𝑥 𝑦 ∈ {𝑥𝜑})
 
Theoremnfsab1 2504* Bound-variable hypothesis builder for a class abstraction. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 11-Aug-2016.)
𝑥 𝑦 ∈ {𝑥𝜑}
 
Theoremhbab 2505* Bound-variable hypothesis builder for a class abstraction. (Contributed by NM, 1-Mar-1995.)
(𝜑 → ∀𝑥𝜑)       (𝑧 ∈ {𝑦𝜑} → ∀𝑥 𝑧 ∈ {𝑦𝜑})
 
Theoremnfsab 2506* Bound-variable hypothesis builder for a class abstraction. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 11-Aug-2016.)
𝑥𝜑       𝑥 𝑧 ∈ {𝑦𝜑}
 
Definitiondf-cleq 2507* Define the equality connective between classes. Definition 2.7 of [Quine] p. 18. Also Definition 4.5 of [TakeutiZaring] p. 13; Chapter 4 provides its justification and methods for eliminating it. Note that its elimination will not necessarily result in a single wff in the original language but possibly a "scheme" of wffs.

This is an example of a somewhat "risky" definition, meaning that it has a more complex than usual soundness justification (outside of Metamath), because it "overloads" or reuses the existing equality symbol rather than introducing a new symbol. This allows us to make statements that may not hold for the original symbol. For example, it permits us to deduce 𝑦 = 𝑧 ↔ ∀𝑥(𝑥𝑦𝑥𝑧), which is not a theorem of logic but rather presupposes the Axiom of Extensionality (see theorem axext4 2498). We therefore include this axiom as a hypothesis, so that the use of Extensionality is properly indicated.

We could avoid this complication by introducing a new symbol, say =2, in place of =. This would also have the advantage of making elimination of the definition straightforward, so that we could eliminate Extensionality as a hypothesis. We would then also have the advantage of being able to identify in various proofs exactly where Extensionality truly comes into play rather than just being an artifact of a definition. One of our theorems would then be 𝑥 =2 𝑦𝑥 = 𝑦 by invoking Extensionality.

However, to conform to literature usage, we retain this overloaded definition. This also makes some proofs shorter and probably easier to read, without the constant switching between two kinds of equality.

See also comments under df-clab 2501, df-clel 2510, and abeq2 2623.

In the form of dfcleq 2508, this is called the "axiom of extensionality" by [Levy] p. 338, who treats the theory of classes as an extralogical extension to our logic and set theory axioms.

While the three class definitions df-clab 2501, df-cleq 2507, and df-clel 2510 are eliminable and conservative and thus meet the requirements for sound definitions, they are technically axioms in that they do not satisfy the requirements for the current definition checker. The proofs of conservativity require external justification that is beyond the scope of the definition checker.

For a general discussion of the theory of classes, see mmset.html#class. (Contributed by NM, 15-Sep-1993.)

(∀𝑥(𝑥𝑦𝑥𝑧) → 𝑦 = 𝑧)       (𝐴 = 𝐵 ↔ ∀𝑥(𝑥𝐴𝑥𝐵))
 
Theoremdfcleq 2508* The same as df-cleq 2507 with the hypothesis removed using the Axiom of Extensionality ax-ext 2494. (Contributed by NM, 15-Sep-1993.)
(𝐴 = 𝐵 ↔ ∀𝑥(𝑥𝐴𝑥𝐵))
 
Theoremcvjust 2509* Every set is a class. Proposition 4.9 of [TakeutiZaring] p. 13. This theorem shows that a setvar variable can be expressed as a class abstraction. This provides a motivation for the class syntax construction cv 1473, which allows us to substitute a setvar variable for a class variable. See also cab 2500 and df-clab 2501. Note that this is not a rigorous justification, because cv 1473 is used as part of the proof of this theorem, but a careful argument can be made outside of the formalism of Metamath, for example as is done in Chapter 4 of Takeuti and Zaring. See also the discussion under the definition of class in [Jech] p. 4 showing that "Every set can be considered to be a class." (Contributed by NM, 7-Nov-2006.)
𝑥 = {𝑦𝑦𝑥}
 
Definitiondf-clel 2510* Define the membership connective between classes. Theorem 6.3 of [Quine] p. 41, or Proposition 4.6 of [TakeutiZaring] p. 13, which we adopt as a definition. See these references for its metalogical justification. Note that like df-cleq 2507 it extends or "overloads" the use of the existing membership symbol, but unlike df-cleq 2507 it does not strengthen the set of valid wffs of logic when the class variables are replaced with setvar variables (see cleljust 1946), so we don't include any set theory axiom as a hypothesis. See also comments about the syntax under df-clab 2501. Alternate definitions of 𝐴𝐵 (but that require either 𝐴 or 𝐵 to be a set) are shown by clel2 3213, clel3 3215, and clel4 3216.

This is called the "axiom of membership" by [Levy] p. 338, who treats the theory of classes as an extralogical extension to our logic and set theory axioms.

While the three class definitions df-clab 2501, df-cleq 2507, and df-clel 2510 are eliminable and conservative and thus meet the requirements for sound definitions, they are technically axioms in that they do not satisfy the requirements for the current definition checker. The proofs of conservativity require external justification that is beyond the scope of the definition checker.

For a general discussion of the theory of classes, see mmset.html#class. (Contributed by NM, 26-May-1993.)

(𝐴𝐵 ↔ ∃𝑥(𝑥 = 𝐴𝑥𝐵))
 
Theoremeqriv 2511* Infer equality of classes from equivalence of membership. (Contributed by NM, 21-Jun-1993.)
(𝑥𝐴𝑥𝐵)       𝐴 = 𝐵
 
Theoremeqrdv 2512* Deduce equality of classes from equivalence of membership. (Contributed by NM, 17-Mar-1996.)
(𝜑 → (𝑥𝐴𝑥𝐵))       (𝜑𝐴 = 𝐵)
 
Theoremeqrdav 2513* Deduce equality of classes from an equivalence of membership that depends on the membership variable. (Contributed by NM, 7-Nov-2008.) (Proof shortened by Wolf Lammen, 19-Nov-2019.)
((𝜑𝑥𝐴) → 𝑥𝐶)    &   ((𝜑𝑥𝐵) → 𝑥𝐶)    &   ((𝜑𝑥𝐶) → (𝑥𝐴𝑥𝐵))       (𝜑𝐴 = 𝐵)
 
Theoremeqid 2514 Law of identity (reflexivity of class equality). Theorem 6.4 of [Quine] p. 41.

This is part of Frege's eighth axiom per Proposition 54 of [Frege1879] p. 50; see also biid 249. An early mention of this law can be found in Aristotle, Metaphysics, Z.17, 1041a10-20. (Thanks to Stefan Allan and BJ for this information.) (Contributed by NM, 21-Jun-1993.) (Revised by BJ, 14-Oct-2017.)

𝐴 = 𝐴
 
Theoremeqidd 2515 Class identity law with antecedent. (Contributed by NM, 21-Aug-2008.)
(𝜑𝐴 = 𝐴)
 
Theoremeqeq1d 2516 Deduction from equality to equivalence of equalities. (Contributed by NM, 27-Dec-1993.) Reduce dependencies on axioms. (Revised by Wolf Lammen, 5-Dec-2019.)
(𝜑𝐴 = 𝐵)       (𝜑 → (𝐴 = 𝐶𝐵 = 𝐶))
 
Theoremeqeq1dALT 2517 Shorter proof of eqeq1d 2516 based on more axioms. (Contributed by NM, 27-Dec-1993.) (Revised by Wolf Lammen, 19-Nov-2019.) (Proof modification is discouraged.) (New usage is discouraged.)
(𝜑𝐴 = 𝐵)       (𝜑 → (𝐴 = 𝐶𝐵 = 𝐶))
 
Theoremeqeq1 2518 Equality implies equivalence of equalities. (Contributed by NM, 26-May-1993.) (Proof shortened by Wolf Lammen, 19-Nov-2019.)
(𝐴 = 𝐵 → (𝐴 = 𝐶𝐵 = 𝐶))
 
Theoremeqeq1i 2519 Inference from equality to equivalence of equalities. (Contributed by NM, 15-Jul-1993.)
𝐴 = 𝐵       (𝐴 = 𝐶𝐵 = 𝐶)
 
Theoremeqcomd 2520 Deduction from commutative law for class equality. (Contributed by NM, 15-Aug-1994.) Allow shortening of eqcom 2521. (Revised by Wolf Lammen, 19-Nov-2019.)
(𝜑𝐴 = 𝐵)       (𝜑𝐵 = 𝐴)
 
Theoremeqcom 2521 Commutative law for class equality. Theorem 6.5 of [Quine] p. 41. (Contributed by NM, 26-May-1993.) (Proof shortened by Wolf Lammen, 19-Nov-2019.)
(𝐴 = 𝐵𝐵 = 𝐴)
 
Theoremeqcoms 2522 Inference applying commutative law for class equality to an antecedent. (Contributed by NM, 24-Jun-1993.)
(𝐴 = 𝐵𝜑)       (𝐵 = 𝐴𝜑)
 
Theoremeqcomi 2523 Inference from commutative law for class equality. (Contributed by NM, 26-May-1993.)
𝐴 = 𝐵       𝐵 = 𝐴
 
Theoremeqeq2d 2524 Deduction from equality to equivalence of equalities. (Contributed by NM, 27-Dec-1993.) Allow shortening of eqeq2 2525. (Revised by Wolf Lammen, 19-Nov-2019.)
(𝜑𝐴 = 𝐵)       (𝜑 → (𝐶 = 𝐴𝐶 = 𝐵))
 
Theoremeqeq2 2525 Equality implies equivalence of equalities. (Contributed by NM, 26-May-1993.) (Proof shortened by Wolf Lammen, 19-Nov-2019.)
(𝐴 = 𝐵 → (𝐶 = 𝐴𝐶 = 𝐵))
 
Theoremeqeq2i 2526 Inference from equality to equivalence of equalities. (Contributed by NM, 26-May-1993.)
𝐴 = 𝐵       (𝐶 = 𝐴𝐶 = 𝐵)
 
Theoremeqeq12 2527 Equality relationship among 4 classes. (Contributed by NM, 3-Aug-1994.)
((𝐴 = 𝐵𝐶 = 𝐷) → (𝐴 = 𝐶𝐵 = 𝐷))
 
Theoremeqeq12i 2528 A useful inference for substituting definitions into an equality. (Contributed by NM, 15-Jul-1993.) (Proof shortened by Andrew Salmon, 25-May-2011.) (Proof shortened by Wolf Lammen, 20-Nov-2019.)
𝐴 = 𝐵    &   𝐶 = 𝐷       (𝐴 = 𝐶𝐵 = 𝐷)
 
Theoremeqeq12d 2529 A useful inference for substituting definitions into an equality. (Contributed by NM, 5-Aug-1993.) (Proof shortened by Andrew Salmon, 25-May-2011.)
(𝜑𝐴 = 𝐵)    &   (𝜑𝐶 = 𝐷)       (𝜑 → (𝐴 = 𝐶𝐵 = 𝐷))
 
Theoremeqeqan12d 2530 A useful inference for substituting definitions into an equality. See also eqeqan12dALT 2531. (Contributed by NM, 9-Aug-1994.) (Proof shortened by Andrew Salmon, 25-May-2011.) (Proof shortened by Wolf Lammen, 20-Nov-2019.)
(𝜑𝐴 = 𝐵)    &   (𝜓𝐶 = 𝐷)       ((𝜑𝜓) → (𝐴 = 𝐶𝐵 = 𝐷))
 
Theoremeqeqan12dALT 2531 Alternate proof of eqeqan12d 2530. This proof has one more step but one fewer essential step. (Contributed by NM, 9-Aug-1994.) (Proof shortened by Andrew Salmon, 25-May-2011.) (Proof modification is discouraged.) (New usage is discouraged.)
(𝜑𝐴 = 𝐵)    &   (𝜓𝐶 = 𝐷)       ((𝜑𝜓) → (𝐴 = 𝐶𝐵 = 𝐷))
 
Theoremeqeqan12rd 2532 A useful inference for substituting definitions into an equality. (Contributed by NM, 9-Aug-1994.)
(𝜑𝐴 = 𝐵)    &   (𝜓𝐶 = 𝐷)       ((𝜓𝜑) → (𝐴 = 𝐶𝐵 = 𝐷))
 
Theoremeqtr 2533 Transitive law for class equality. Proposition 4.7(3) of [TakeutiZaring] p. 13. (Contributed by NM, 25-Jan-2004.)
((𝐴 = 𝐵𝐵 = 𝐶) → 𝐴 = 𝐶)
 
Theoremeqtr2 2534 A transitive law for class equality. (Contributed by NM, 20-May-2005.) (Proof shortened by Andrew Salmon, 25-May-2011.)
((𝐴 = 𝐵𝐴 = 𝐶) → 𝐵 = 𝐶)
 
Theoremeqtr3 2535 A transitive law for class equality. (Contributed by NM, 20-May-2005.)
((𝐴 = 𝐶𝐵 = 𝐶) → 𝐴 = 𝐵)
 
Theoremeqtri 2536 An equality transitivity inference. (Contributed by NM, 26-May-1993.)
𝐴 = 𝐵    &   𝐵 = 𝐶       𝐴 = 𝐶
 
Theoremeqtr2i 2537 An equality transitivity inference. (Contributed by NM, 21-Feb-1995.)
𝐴 = 𝐵    &   𝐵 = 𝐶       𝐶 = 𝐴
 
Theoremeqtr3i 2538 An equality transitivity inference. (Contributed by NM, 6-May-1994.)
𝐴 = 𝐵    &   𝐴 = 𝐶       𝐵 = 𝐶
 
Theoremeqtr4i 2539 An equality transitivity inference. (Contributed by NM, 26-May-1993.)
𝐴 = 𝐵    &   𝐶 = 𝐵       𝐴 = 𝐶
 
Theorem3eqtri 2540 An inference from three chained equalities. (Contributed by NM, 29-Aug-1993.)
𝐴 = 𝐵    &   𝐵 = 𝐶    &   𝐶 = 𝐷       𝐴 = 𝐷
 
Theorem3eqtrri 2541 An inference from three chained equalities. (Contributed by NM, 3-Aug-2006.) (Proof shortened by Andrew Salmon, 25-May-2011.)
𝐴 = 𝐵    &   𝐵 = 𝐶    &   𝐶 = 𝐷       𝐷 = 𝐴
 
Theorem3eqtr2i 2542 An inference from three chained equalities. (Contributed by NM, 3-Aug-2006.)
𝐴 = 𝐵    &   𝐶 = 𝐵    &   𝐶 = 𝐷       𝐴 = 𝐷
 
Theorem3eqtr2ri 2543 An inference from three chained equalities. (Contributed by NM, 3-Aug-2006.) (Proof shortened by Andrew Salmon, 25-May-2011.)
𝐴 = 𝐵    &   𝐶 = 𝐵    &   𝐶 = 𝐷       𝐷 = 𝐴
 
Theorem3eqtr3i 2544 An inference from three chained equalities. (Contributed by NM, 6-May-1994.) (Proof shortened by Andrew Salmon, 25-May-2011.)
𝐴 = 𝐵    &   𝐴 = 𝐶    &   𝐵 = 𝐷       𝐶 = 𝐷
 
Theorem3eqtr3ri 2545 An inference from three chained equalities. (Contributed by NM, 15-Aug-2004.)
𝐴 = 𝐵    &   𝐴 = 𝐶    &   𝐵 = 𝐷       𝐷 = 𝐶
 
Theorem3eqtr4i 2546 An inference from three chained equalities. (Contributed by NM, 26-May-1993.) (Proof shortened by Andrew Salmon, 25-May-2011.)
𝐴 = 𝐵    &   𝐶 = 𝐴    &   𝐷 = 𝐵       𝐶 = 𝐷
 
Theorem3eqtr4ri 2547 An inference from three chained equalities. (Contributed by NM, 2-Sep-1995.) (Proof shortened by Andrew Salmon, 25-May-2011.)
𝐴 = 𝐵    &   𝐶 = 𝐴    &   𝐷 = 𝐵       𝐷 = 𝐶
 
Theoremeqtrd 2548 An equality transitivity deduction. (Contributed by NM, 21-Jun-1993.)
(𝜑𝐴 = 𝐵)    &   (𝜑𝐵 = 𝐶)       (𝜑𝐴 = 𝐶)
 
Theoremeqtr2d 2549 An equality transitivity deduction. (Contributed by NM, 18-Oct-1999.)
(𝜑𝐴 = 𝐵)    &   (𝜑𝐵 = 𝐶)       (𝜑𝐶 = 𝐴)
 
Theoremeqtr3d 2550 An equality transitivity equality deduction. (Contributed by NM, 18-Jul-1995.)
(𝜑𝐴 = 𝐵)    &   (𝜑𝐴 = 𝐶)       (𝜑𝐵 = 𝐶)
 
Theoremeqtr4d 2551 An equality transitivity equality deduction. (Contributed by NM, 18-Jul-1995.)
(𝜑𝐴 = 𝐵)    &   (𝜑𝐶 = 𝐵)       (𝜑𝐴 = 𝐶)
 
Theorem3eqtrd 2552 A deduction from three chained equalities. (Contributed by NM, 29-Oct-1995.)
(𝜑𝐴 = 𝐵)    &   (𝜑𝐵 = 𝐶)    &   (𝜑𝐶 = 𝐷)       (𝜑𝐴 = 𝐷)
 
Theorem3eqtrrd 2553 A deduction from three chained equalities. (Contributed by NM, 4-Aug-2006.) (Proof shortened by Andrew Salmon, 25-May-2011.)
(𝜑𝐴 = 𝐵)    &   (𝜑𝐵 = 𝐶)    &   (𝜑𝐶 = 𝐷)       (𝜑𝐷 = 𝐴)
 
Theorem3eqtr2d 2554 A deduction from three chained equalities. (Contributed by NM, 4-Aug-2006.)
(𝜑𝐴 = 𝐵)    &   (𝜑𝐶 = 𝐵)    &   (𝜑𝐶 = 𝐷)       (𝜑𝐴 = 𝐷)
 
Theorem3eqtr2rd 2555 A deduction from three chained equalities. (Contributed by NM, 4-Aug-2006.)
(𝜑𝐴 = 𝐵)    &   (𝜑𝐶 = 𝐵)    &   (𝜑𝐶 = 𝐷)       (𝜑𝐷 = 𝐴)
 
Theorem3eqtr3d 2556 A deduction from three chained equalities. (Contributed by NM, 4-Aug-1995.) (Proof shortened by Andrew Salmon, 25-May-2011.)
(𝜑𝐴 = 𝐵)    &   (𝜑𝐴 = 𝐶)    &   (𝜑𝐵 = 𝐷)       (𝜑𝐶 = 𝐷)
 
Theorem3eqtr3rd 2557 A deduction from three chained equalities. (Contributed by NM, 14-Jan-2006.)
(𝜑𝐴 = 𝐵)    &   (𝜑𝐴 = 𝐶)    &   (𝜑𝐵 = 𝐷)       (𝜑𝐷 = 𝐶)
 
Theorem3eqtr4d 2558 A deduction from three chained equalities. (Contributed by NM, 4-Aug-1995.) (Proof shortened by Andrew Salmon, 25-May-2011.)
(𝜑𝐴 = 𝐵)    &   (𝜑𝐶 = 𝐴)    &   (𝜑𝐷 = 𝐵)       (𝜑𝐶 = 𝐷)
 
Theorem3eqtr4rd 2559 A deduction from three chained equalities. (Contributed by NM, 21-Sep-1995.)
(𝜑𝐴 = 𝐵)    &   (𝜑𝐶 = 𝐴)    &   (𝜑𝐷 = 𝐵)       (𝜑𝐷 = 𝐶)
 
Theoremsyl5eq 2560 An equality transitivity deduction. (Contributed by NM, 21-Jun-1993.)
𝐴 = 𝐵    &   (𝜑𝐵 = 𝐶)       (𝜑𝐴 = 𝐶)
 
Theoremsyl5req 2561 An equality transitivity deduction. (Contributed by NM, 29-Mar-1998.)
𝐴 = 𝐵    &   (𝜑𝐵 = 𝐶)       (𝜑𝐶 = 𝐴)
 
Theoremsyl5eqr 2562 An equality transitivity deduction. (Contributed by NM, 5-Aug-1993.)
𝐵 = 𝐴    &   (𝜑𝐵 = 𝐶)       (𝜑𝐴 = 𝐶)
 
Theoremsyl5reqr 2563 An equality transitivity deduction. (Contributed by NM, 29-Mar-1998.)
𝐵 = 𝐴    &   (𝜑𝐵 = 𝐶)       (𝜑𝐶 = 𝐴)
 
Theoremsyl6eq 2564 An equality transitivity deduction. (Contributed by NM, 21-Jun-1993.)
(𝜑𝐴 = 𝐵)    &   𝐵 = 𝐶       (𝜑𝐴 = 𝐶)
 
Theoremsyl6req 2565 An equality transitivity deduction. (Contributed by NM, 29-Mar-1998.)
(𝜑𝐴 = 𝐵)    &   𝐵 = 𝐶       (𝜑𝐶 = 𝐴)
 
Theoremsyl6eqr 2566 An equality transitivity deduction. (Contributed by NM, 21-Jun-1993.)
(𝜑𝐴 = 𝐵)    &   𝐶 = 𝐵       (𝜑𝐴 = 𝐶)
 
Theoremsyl6reqr 2567 An equality transitivity deduction. (Contributed by NM, 29-Mar-1998.)
(𝜑𝐴 = 𝐵)    &   𝐶 = 𝐵       (𝜑𝐶 = 𝐴)
 
Theoremsylan9eq 2568 An equality transitivity deduction. (Contributed by NM, 8-May-1994.) (Proof shortened by Andrew Salmon, 25-May-2011.)
(𝜑𝐴 = 𝐵)    &   (𝜓𝐵 = 𝐶)       ((𝜑𝜓) → 𝐴 = 𝐶)
 
Theoremsylan9req 2569 An equality transitivity deduction. (Contributed by NM, 23-Jun-2007.)
(𝜑𝐵 = 𝐴)    &   (𝜓𝐵 = 𝐶)       ((𝜑𝜓) → 𝐴 = 𝐶)
 
Theoremsylan9eqr 2570 An equality transitivity deduction. (Contributed by NM, 8-May-1994.)
(𝜑𝐴 = 𝐵)    &   (𝜓𝐵 = 𝐶)       ((𝜓𝜑) → 𝐴 = 𝐶)
 
Theorem3eqtr3g 2571 A chained equality inference, useful for converting from definitions. (Contributed by NM, 15-Nov-1994.)
(𝜑𝐴 = 𝐵)    &   𝐴 = 𝐶    &   𝐵 = 𝐷       (𝜑𝐶 = 𝐷)
 
Theorem3eqtr3a 2572 A chained equality inference, useful for converting from definitions. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 6-Nov-2015.)
𝐴 = 𝐵    &   (𝜑𝐴 = 𝐶)    &   (𝜑𝐵 = 𝐷)       (𝜑𝐶 = 𝐷)
 
Theorem3eqtr4g 2573 A chained equality inference, useful for converting to definitions. (Contributed by NM, 21-Jun-1993.)
(𝜑𝐴 = 𝐵)    &   𝐶 = 𝐴    &   𝐷 = 𝐵       (𝜑𝐶 = 𝐷)
 
Theorem3eqtr4a 2574 A chained equality inference, useful for converting to definitions. (Contributed by NM, 2-Feb-2007.) (Proof shortened by Andrew Salmon, 25-May-2011.)
𝐴 = 𝐵    &   (𝜑𝐶 = 𝐴)    &   (𝜑𝐷 = 𝐵)       (𝜑𝐶 = 𝐷)
 
Theoremeq2tri 2575 A compound transitive inference for class equality. (Contributed by NM, 22-Jan-2004.)
(𝐴 = 𝐶𝐷 = 𝐹)    &   (𝐵 = 𝐷𝐶 = 𝐺)       ((𝐴 = 𝐶𝐵 = 𝐹) ↔ (𝐵 = 𝐷𝐴 = 𝐺))
 
Theoremeleq1d 2576 Deduction from equality to equivalence of membership. (Contributed by NM, 21-Jun-1993.) Allow shortening of eleq1 2580. (Revised by Wolf Lammen, 20-Nov-2019.)
(𝜑𝐴 = 𝐵)       (𝜑 → (𝐴𝐶𝐵𝐶))
 
Theoremeleq2d 2577 Deduction from equality to equivalence of membership. (Contributed by NM, 27-Dec-1993.) Reduce dependencies on axioms. (Revised by Wolf Lammen, 5-Dec-2019.)
(𝜑𝐴 = 𝐵)       (𝜑 → (𝐶𝐴𝐶𝐵))
 
Theoremeleq2dOLD 2578 Obsolete proof of eleq2d 2577 as of 16-Nov-2020. (Contributed by NM, 27-Dec-1993.) Reduce dependencies on axioms. (Revised by Wolf Lammen, 5-Dec-2019.) (Proof modification is discouraged.) (New usage is discouraged.)
(𝜑𝐴 = 𝐵)       (𝜑 → (𝐶𝐴𝐶𝐵))
 
Theoremeleq2dALT 2579 Alternate proof of eleq2d 2577, shorter at the expense of using more axioms. (Contributed by NM, 27-Dec-1993.) (Revised by Wolf Lammen, 20-Nov-2019.) (Proof modification is discouraged.) (New usage is discouraged.)
(𝜑𝐴 = 𝐵)       (𝜑 → (𝐶𝐴𝐶𝐵))
 
Theoremeleq1 2580 Equality implies equivalence of membership. (Contributed by NM, 26-May-1993.) (Proof shortened by Wolf Lammen, 20-Nov-2019.)
(𝐴 = 𝐵 → (𝐴𝐶𝐵𝐶))
 
Theoremeleq2 2581 Equality implies equivalence of membership. (Contributed by NM, 26-May-1993.) (Proof shortened by Wolf Lammen, 20-Nov-2019.)
(𝐴 = 𝐵 → (𝐶𝐴𝐶𝐵))
 
Theoremeleq12 2582 Equality implies equivalence of membership. (Contributed by NM, 31-May-1999.)
((𝐴 = 𝐵𝐶 = 𝐷) → (𝐴𝐶𝐵𝐷))
 
Theoremeleq1i 2583 Inference from equality to equivalence of membership. (Contributed by NM, 21-Jun-1993.)
𝐴 = 𝐵       (𝐴𝐶𝐵𝐶)
 
Theoremeleq2i 2584 Inference from equality to equivalence of membership. (Contributed by NM, 26-May-1993.)
𝐴 = 𝐵       (𝐶𝐴𝐶𝐵)
 
Theoremeleq12i 2585 Inference from equality to equivalence of membership. (Contributed by NM, 31-May-1994.)
𝐴 = 𝐵    &   𝐶 = 𝐷       (𝐴𝐶𝐵𝐷)
 
Theoremeleq12d 2586 Deduction from equality to equivalence of membership. (Contributed by NM, 31-May-1994.)
(𝜑𝐴 = 𝐵)    &   (𝜑𝐶 = 𝐷)       (𝜑 → (𝐴𝐶𝐵𝐷))
 
Theoremeleq1a 2587 A transitive-type law relating membership and equality. (Contributed by NM, 9-Apr-1994.)
(𝐴𝐵 → (𝐶 = 𝐴𝐶𝐵))
 
Theoremeqeltri 2588 Substitution of equal classes into membership relation. (Contributed by NM, 21-Jun-1993.)
𝐴 = 𝐵    &   𝐵𝐶       𝐴𝐶
 
Theoremeqeltrri 2589 Substitution of equal classes into membership relation. (Contributed by NM, 21-Jun-1993.)
𝐴 = 𝐵    &   𝐴𝐶       𝐵𝐶
 
Theoremeleqtri 2590 Substitution of equal classes into membership relation. (Contributed by NM, 15-Jul-1993.)
𝐴𝐵    &   𝐵 = 𝐶       𝐴𝐶
 
Theoremeleqtrri 2591 Substitution of equal classes into membership relation. (Contributed by NM, 15-Jul-1993.)
𝐴𝐵    &   𝐶 = 𝐵       𝐴𝐶
 
Theoremeqeltrd 2592 Substitution of equal classes into membership relation, deduction form. (Contributed by Raph Levien, 10-Dec-2002.)
(𝜑𝐴 = 𝐵)    &   (𝜑𝐵𝐶)       (𝜑𝐴𝐶)
 
Theoremeqeltrrd 2593 Deduction that substitutes equal classes into membership. (Contributed by NM, 14-Dec-2004.)
(𝜑𝐴 = 𝐵)    &   (𝜑𝐴𝐶)       (𝜑𝐵𝐶)
 
Theoremeleqtrd 2594 Deduction that substitutes equal classes into membership. (Contributed by NM, 14-Dec-2004.)
(𝜑𝐴𝐵)    &   (𝜑𝐵 = 𝐶)       (𝜑𝐴𝐶)
 
Theoremeleqtrrd 2595 Deduction that substitutes equal classes into membership. (Contributed by NM, 14-Dec-2004.)
(𝜑𝐴𝐵)    &   (𝜑𝐶 = 𝐵)       (𝜑𝐴𝐶)
 
Theoremsyl5eqel 2596 A membership and equality inference. (Contributed by NM, 4-Jan-2006.)
𝐴 = 𝐵    &   (𝜑𝐵𝐶)       (𝜑𝐴𝐶)
 
Theoremsyl5eqelr 2597 A membership and equality inference. (Contributed by NM, 4-Jan-2006.)
𝐵 = 𝐴    &   (𝜑𝐵𝐶)       (𝜑𝐴𝐶)
 
Theoremsyl5eleq 2598 A membership and equality inference. (Contributed by NM, 4-Jan-2006.)
𝐴𝐵    &   (𝜑𝐵 = 𝐶)       (𝜑𝐴𝐶)
 
Theoremsyl5eleqr 2599 A membership and equality inference. (Contributed by NM, 4-Jan-2006.)
𝐴𝐵    &   (𝜑𝐶 = 𝐵)       (𝜑𝐴𝐶)
 
Theoremsyl6eqel 2600 A membership and equality inference. (Contributed by NM, 4-Jan-2006.)
(𝜑𝐴 = 𝐵)    &   𝐵𝐶       (𝜑𝐴𝐶)
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