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Theorem List for Metamath Proof Explorer - 32801-32900   *Has distinct variable group(s)
TypeLabelDescription
Statement
 
Theoremrngonegmn1r 32801 Negation in a ring is the same as right multiplication by -1. (Contributed by Jeff Madsen, 19-Jun-2010.)
𝐺 = (1st𝑅)    &   𝐻 = (2nd𝑅)    &   𝑋 = ran 𝐺    &   𝑁 = (inv‘𝐺)    &   𝑈 = (GId‘𝐻)       ((𝑅 ∈ RingOps ∧ 𝐴𝑋) → (𝑁𝐴) = (𝐴𝐻(𝑁𝑈)))
 
Theoremrngoneglmul 32802 Negation of a product in a ring. (Contributed by Jeff Madsen, 19-Jun-2010.)
𝐺 = (1st𝑅)    &   𝐻 = (2nd𝑅)    &   𝑋 = ran 𝐺    &   𝑁 = (inv‘𝐺)       ((𝑅 ∈ RingOps ∧ 𝐴𝑋𝐵𝑋) → (𝑁‘(𝐴𝐻𝐵)) = ((𝑁𝐴)𝐻𝐵))
 
Theoremrngonegrmul 32803 Negation of a product in a ring. (Contributed by Jeff Madsen, 19-Jun-2010.)
𝐺 = (1st𝑅)    &   𝐻 = (2nd𝑅)    &   𝑋 = ran 𝐺    &   𝑁 = (inv‘𝐺)       ((𝑅 ∈ RingOps ∧ 𝐴𝑋𝐵𝑋) → (𝑁‘(𝐴𝐻𝐵)) = (𝐴𝐻(𝑁𝐵)))
 
Theoremrngosubdi 32804 Ring multiplication distributes over subtraction. (Contributed by Jeff Madsen, 19-Jun-2010.)
𝐺 = (1st𝑅)    &   𝐻 = (2nd𝑅)    &   𝑋 = ran 𝐺    &   𝐷 = ( /𝑔𝐺)       ((𝑅 ∈ RingOps ∧ (𝐴𝑋𝐵𝑋𝐶𝑋)) → (𝐴𝐻(𝐵𝐷𝐶)) = ((𝐴𝐻𝐵)𝐷(𝐴𝐻𝐶)))
 
Theoremrngosubdir 32805 Ring multiplication distributes over subtraction. (Contributed by Jeff Madsen, 19-Jun-2010.)
𝐺 = (1st𝑅)    &   𝐻 = (2nd𝑅)    &   𝑋 = ran 𝐺    &   𝐷 = ( /𝑔𝐺)       ((𝑅 ∈ RingOps ∧ (𝐴𝑋𝐵𝑋𝐶𝑋)) → ((𝐴𝐷𝐵)𝐻𝐶) = ((𝐴𝐻𝐶)𝐷(𝐵𝐻𝐶)))
 
Theoremzerdivemp1x 32806* In a unitary ring a left invertible element is not a zero divisor. See also ringinvnzdiv 18323. (Contributed by Jeff Madsen, 18-Apr-2010.)
𝐺 = (1st𝑅)    &   𝐻 = (2nd𝑅)    &   𝑍 = (GId‘𝐺)    &   𝑋 = ran 𝐺    &   𝑈 = (GId‘𝐻)       ((𝑅 ∈ RingOps ∧ 𝐴𝑋 ∧ ∃𝑎𝑋 (𝑎𝐻𝐴) = 𝑈) → (𝐵𝑋 → ((𝐴𝐻𝐵) = 𝑍𝐵 = 𝑍)))
 
20.19.17  Division Rings
 
Syntaxcdrng 32807 Extend class notation with the class of all division rings.
class DivRingOps
 
Definitiondf-drngo 32808* Define the class of all division rings (sometimes called skew fields). A division ring is a unital ring where every element except the additive identity has a multiplicative inverse. (Contributed by NM, 4-Apr-2009.) (New usage is discouraged.)
DivRingOps = {⟨𝑔, ⟩ ∣ (⟨𝑔, ⟩ ∈ RingOps ∧ ( ↾ ((ran 𝑔 ∖ {(GId‘𝑔)}) × (ran 𝑔 ∖ {(GId‘𝑔)}))) ∈ GrpOp)}
 
Theoremisdivrngo 32809 The predicate "is a division ring". (Contributed by FL, 6-Sep-2009.) (New usage is discouraged.)
(𝐻𝐴 → (⟨𝐺, 𝐻⟩ ∈ DivRingOps ↔ (⟨𝐺, 𝐻⟩ ∈ RingOps ∧ (𝐻 ↾ ((ran 𝐺 ∖ {(GId‘𝐺)}) × (ran 𝐺 ∖ {(GId‘𝐺)}))) ∈ GrpOp)))
 
Theoremdrngoi 32810 The properties of a division ring. (Contributed by NM, 4-Apr-2009.) (New usage is discouraged.)
𝐺 = (1st𝑅)    &   𝐻 = (2nd𝑅)    &   𝑋 = ran 𝐺    &   𝑍 = (GId‘𝐺)       (𝑅 ∈ DivRingOps → (𝑅 ∈ RingOps ∧ (𝐻 ↾ ((𝑋 ∖ {𝑍}) × (𝑋 ∖ {𝑍}))) ∈ GrpOp))
 
Theoremgidsn 32811 Obsolete as of 23-Jan-2020. Use mnd1id 17047 instead. The identity element of the trivial group. (Contributed by FL, 21-Jun-2010.) (Proof shortened by Mario Carneiro, 15-Dec-2013.) (New usage is discouraged.)
𝐴 ∈ V       (GId‘{⟨⟨𝐴, 𝐴⟩, 𝐴⟩}) = 𝐴
 
Theoremzrdivrng 32812 The zero ring is not a division ring. (Contributed by FL, 24-Jan-2010.) (Proof shortened by Mario Carneiro, 15-Dec-2013.) (New usage is discouraged.)
𝐴 ∈ V        ¬ ⟨{⟨⟨𝐴, 𝐴⟩, 𝐴⟩}, {⟨⟨𝐴, 𝐴⟩, 𝐴⟩}⟩ ∈ DivRingOps
 
Theoremdvrunz 32813 In a division ring the unit is different from the zero. (Contributed by FL, 14-Feb-2010.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 15-Dec-2013.) (New usage is discouraged.)
𝐺 = (1st𝑅)    &   𝐻 = (2nd𝑅)    &   𝑋 = ran 𝐺    &   𝑍 = (GId‘𝐺)    &   𝑈 = (GId‘𝐻)       (𝑅 ∈ DivRingOps → 𝑈𝑍)
 
Theoremisgrpda 32814* Properties that determine a group operation. (Contributed by Jeff Madsen, 1-Dec-2009.) (New usage is discouraged.)
(𝜑𝑋 ∈ V)    &   (𝜑𝐺:(𝑋 × 𝑋)⟶𝑋)    &   ((𝜑 ∧ (𝑥𝑋𝑦𝑋𝑧𝑋)) → ((𝑥𝐺𝑦)𝐺𝑧) = (𝑥𝐺(𝑦𝐺𝑧)))    &   (𝜑𝑈𝑋)    &   ((𝜑𝑥𝑋) → (𝑈𝐺𝑥) = 𝑥)    &   ((𝜑𝑥𝑋) → ∃𝑛𝑋 (𝑛𝐺𝑥) = 𝑈)       (𝜑𝐺 ∈ GrpOp)
 
Theoremisdrngo1 32815 The predicate "is a division ring". (Contributed by Jeff Madsen, 8-Jun-2010.)
𝐺 = (1st𝑅)    &   𝐻 = (2nd𝑅)    &   𝑍 = (GId‘𝐺)    &   𝑋 = ran 𝐺       (𝑅 ∈ DivRingOps ↔ (𝑅 ∈ RingOps ∧ (𝐻 ↾ ((𝑋 ∖ {𝑍}) × (𝑋 ∖ {𝑍}))) ∈ GrpOp))
 
Theoremdivrngcl 32816 The product of two nonzero elements of a division ring is nonzero. (Contributed by Jeff Madsen, 9-Jun-2010.)
𝐺 = (1st𝑅)    &   𝐻 = (2nd𝑅)    &   𝑍 = (GId‘𝐺)    &   𝑋 = ran 𝐺       ((𝑅 ∈ DivRingOps ∧ 𝐴 ∈ (𝑋 ∖ {𝑍}) ∧ 𝐵 ∈ (𝑋 ∖ {𝑍})) → (𝐴𝐻𝐵) ∈ (𝑋 ∖ {𝑍}))
 
Theoremisdrngo2 32817* A division ring is a ring in which 1 ≠ 0 and every nonzero element is invertible. (Contributed by Jeff Madsen, 8-Jun-2010.)
𝐺 = (1st𝑅)    &   𝐻 = (2nd𝑅)    &   𝑍 = (GId‘𝐺)    &   𝑋 = ran 𝐺    &   𝑈 = (GId‘𝐻)       (𝑅 ∈ DivRingOps ↔ (𝑅 ∈ RingOps ∧ (𝑈𝑍 ∧ ∀𝑥 ∈ (𝑋 ∖ {𝑍})∃𝑦 ∈ (𝑋 ∖ {𝑍})(𝑦𝐻𝑥) = 𝑈)))
 
Theoremisdrngo3 32818* A division ring is a ring in which 1 ≠ 0 and every nonzero element is invertible. (Contributed by Jeff Madsen, 10-Jun-2010.)
𝐺 = (1st𝑅)    &   𝐻 = (2nd𝑅)    &   𝑍 = (GId‘𝐺)    &   𝑋 = ran 𝐺    &   𝑈 = (GId‘𝐻)       (𝑅 ∈ DivRingOps ↔ (𝑅 ∈ RingOps ∧ (𝑈𝑍 ∧ ∀𝑥 ∈ (𝑋 ∖ {𝑍})∃𝑦𝑋 (𝑦𝐻𝑥) = 𝑈)))
 
20.19.18  Ring homomorphisms
 
Syntaxcrnghom 32819 Extend class notation with the class of ring homomorphisms.
class RngHom
 
Syntaxcrngiso 32820 Extend class notation with the class of ring isomorphisms.
class RngIso
 
Syntaxcrisc 32821 Extend class notation with the ring isomorphism relation.
class 𝑟
 
Definitiondf-rngohom 32822* Define the function which gives the set of ring homomorphisms between two given rings. (Contributed by Jeff Madsen, 19-Jun-2010.)
RngHom = (𝑟 ∈ RingOps, 𝑠 ∈ RingOps ↦ {𝑓 ∈ (ran (1st𝑠) ↑𝑚 ran (1st𝑟)) ∣ ((𝑓‘(GId‘(2nd𝑟))) = (GId‘(2nd𝑠)) ∧ ∀𝑥 ∈ ran (1st𝑟)∀𝑦 ∈ ran (1st𝑟)((𝑓‘(𝑥(1st𝑟)𝑦)) = ((𝑓𝑥)(1st𝑠)(𝑓𝑦)) ∧ (𝑓‘(𝑥(2nd𝑟)𝑦)) = ((𝑓𝑥)(2nd𝑠)(𝑓𝑦))))})
 
Theoremrngohomval 32823* The set of ring homomorphisms. (Contributed by Jeff Madsen, 19-Jun-2010.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 22-Sep-2015.)
𝐺 = (1st𝑅)    &   𝐻 = (2nd𝑅)    &   𝑋 = ran 𝐺    &   𝑈 = (GId‘𝐻)    &   𝐽 = (1st𝑆)    &   𝐾 = (2nd𝑆)    &   𝑌 = ran 𝐽    &   𝑉 = (GId‘𝐾)       ((𝑅 ∈ RingOps ∧ 𝑆 ∈ RingOps) → (𝑅 RngHom 𝑆) = {𝑓 ∈ (𝑌𝑚 𝑋) ∣ ((𝑓𝑈) = 𝑉 ∧ ∀𝑥𝑋𝑦𝑋 ((𝑓‘(𝑥𝐺𝑦)) = ((𝑓𝑥)𝐽(𝑓𝑦)) ∧ (𝑓‘(𝑥𝐻𝑦)) = ((𝑓𝑥)𝐾(𝑓𝑦))))})
 
Theoremisrngohom 32824* The predicate "is a ring homomorphism from 𝑅 to 𝑆." (Contributed by Jeff Madsen, 19-Jun-2010.)
𝐺 = (1st𝑅)    &   𝐻 = (2nd𝑅)    &   𝑋 = ran 𝐺    &   𝑈 = (GId‘𝐻)    &   𝐽 = (1st𝑆)    &   𝐾 = (2nd𝑆)    &   𝑌 = ran 𝐽    &   𝑉 = (GId‘𝐾)       ((𝑅 ∈ RingOps ∧ 𝑆 ∈ RingOps) → (𝐹 ∈ (𝑅 RngHom 𝑆) ↔ (𝐹:𝑋𝑌 ∧ (𝐹𝑈) = 𝑉 ∧ ∀𝑥𝑋𝑦𝑋 ((𝐹‘(𝑥𝐺𝑦)) = ((𝐹𝑥)𝐽(𝐹𝑦)) ∧ (𝐹‘(𝑥𝐻𝑦)) = ((𝐹𝑥)𝐾(𝐹𝑦))))))
 
Theoremrngohomf 32825 A ring homomorphism is a function. (Contributed by Jeff Madsen, 19-Jun-2010.)
𝐺 = (1st𝑅)    &   𝑋 = ran 𝐺    &   𝐽 = (1st𝑆)    &   𝑌 = ran 𝐽       ((𝑅 ∈ RingOps ∧ 𝑆 ∈ RingOps ∧ 𝐹 ∈ (𝑅 RngHom 𝑆)) → 𝐹:𝑋𝑌)
 
Theoremrngohomcl 32826 Closure law for a ring homomorphism. (Contributed by Jeff Madsen, 3-Jan-2011.)
𝐺 = (1st𝑅)    &   𝑋 = ran 𝐺    &   𝐽 = (1st𝑆)    &   𝑌 = ran 𝐽       (((𝑅 ∈ RingOps ∧ 𝑆 ∈ RingOps ∧ 𝐹 ∈ (𝑅 RngHom 𝑆)) ∧ 𝐴𝑋) → (𝐹𝐴) ∈ 𝑌)
 
Theoremrngohom1 32827 A ring homomorphism preserves 1. (Contributed by Jeff Madsen, 24-Jun-2011.)
𝐻 = (2nd𝑅)    &   𝑈 = (GId‘𝐻)    &   𝐾 = (2nd𝑆)    &   𝑉 = (GId‘𝐾)       ((𝑅 ∈ RingOps ∧ 𝑆 ∈ RingOps ∧ 𝐹 ∈ (𝑅 RngHom 𝑆)) → (𝐹𝑈) = 𝑉)
 
Theoremrngohomadd 32828 Ring homomorphisms preserve addition. (Contributed by Jeff Madsen, 3-Jan-2011.)
𝐺 = (1st𝑅)    &   𝑋 = ran 𝐺    &   𝐽 = (1st𝑆)       (((𝑅 ∈ RingOps ∧ 𝑆 ∈ RingOps ∧ 𝐹 ∈ (𝑅 RngHom 𝑆)) ∧ (𝐴𝑋𝐵𝑋)) → (𝐹‘(𝐴𝐺𝐵)) = ((𝐹𝐴)𝐽(𝐹𝐵)))
 
Theoremrngohommul 32829 Ring homomorphisms preserve multiplication. (Contributed by Jeff Madsen, 3-Jan-2011.)
𝐺 = (1st𝑅)    &   𝑋 = ran 𝐺    &   𝐻 = (2nd𝑅)    &   𝐾 = (2nd𝑆)       (((𝑅 ∈ RingOps ∧ 𝑆 ∈ RingOps ∧ 𝐹 ∈ (𝑅 RngHom 𝑆)) ∧ (𝐴𝑋𝐵𝑋)) → (𝐹‘(𝐴𝐻𝐵)) = ((𝐹𝐴)𝐾(𝐹𝐵)))
 
Theoremrngogrphom 32830 A ring homomorphism is a group homomorphism. (Contributed by Jeff Madsen, 2-Jan-2011.)
𝐺 = (1st𝑅)    &   𝐽 = (1st𝑆)       ((𝑅 ∈ RingOps ∧ 𝑆 ∈ RingOps ∧ 𝐹 ∈ (𝑅 RngHom 𝑆)) → 𝐹 ∈ (𝐺 GrpOpHom 𝐽))
 
Theoremrngohom0 32831 A ring homomorphism preserves 0. (Contributed by Jeff Madsen, 2-Jan-2011.)
𝐺 = (1st𝑅)    &   𝑍 = (GId‘𝐺)    &   𝐽 = (1st𝑆)    &   𝑊 = (GId‘𝐽)       ((𝑅 ∈ RingOps ∧ 𝑆 ∈ RingOps ∧ 𝐹 ∈ (𝑅 RngHom 𝑆)) → (𝐹𝑍) = 𝑊)
 
Theoremrngohomsub 32832 Ring homomorphisms preserve subtraction. (Contributed by Jeff Madsen, 15-Jun-2011.)
𝐺 = (1st𝑅)    &   𝑋 = ran 𝐺    &   𝐻 = ( /𝑔𝐺)    &   𝐽 = (1st𝑆)    &   𝐾 = ( /𝑔𝐽)       (((𝑅 ∈ RingOps ∧ 𝑆 ∈ RingOps ∧ 𝐹 ∈ (𝑅 RngHom 𝑆)) ∧ (𝐴𝑋𝐵𝑋)) → (𝐹‘(𝐴𝐻𝐵)) = ((𝐹𝐴)𝐾(𝐹𝐵)))
 
Theoremrngohomco 32833 The composition of two ring homomorphisms is a ring homomorphism. (Contributed by Jeff Madsen, 16-Jun-2011.)
(((𝑅 ∈ RingOps ∧ 𝑆 ∈ RingOps ∧ 𝑇 ∈ RingOps) ∧ (𝐹 ∈ (𝑅 RngHom 𝑆) ∧ 𝐺 ∈ (𝑆 RngHom 𝑇))) → (𝐺𝐹) ∈ (𝑅 RngHom 𝑇))
 
Theoremrngokerinj 32834 A ring homomorphism is injective if and only if its kernel is zero. (Contributed by Jeff Madsen, 16-Jun-2011.)
𝐺 = (1st𝑅)    &   𝑋 = ran 𝐺    &   𝑊 = (GId‘𝐺)    &   𝐽 = (1st𝑆)    &   𝑌 = ran 𝐽    &   𝑍 = (GId‘𝐽)       ((𝑅 ∈ RingOps ∧ 𝑆 ∈ RingOps ∧ 𝐹 ∈ (𝑅 RngHom 𝑆)) → (𝐹:𝑋1-1𝑌 ↔ (𝐹 “ {𝑍}) = {𝑊}))
 
Definitiondf-rngoiso 32835* Define the function which gives the set of ring isomorphisms between two given rings. (Contributed by Jeff Madsen, 16-Jun-2011.)
RngIso = (𝑟 ∈ RingOps, 𝑠 ∈ RingOps ↦ {𝑓 ∈ (𝑟 RngHom 𝑠) ∣ 𝑓:ran (1st𝑟)–1-1-onto→ran (1st𝑠)})
 
Theoremrngoisoval 32836* The set of ring isomorphisms. (Contributed by Jeff Madsen, 16-Jun-2011.)
𝐺 = (1st𝑅)    &   𝑋 = ran 𝐺    &   𝐽 = (1st𝑆)    &   𝑌 = ran 𝐽       ((𝑅 ∈ RingOps ∧ 𝑆 ∈ RingOps) → (𝑅 RngIso 𝑆) = {𝑓 ∈ (𝑅 RngHom 𝑆) ∣ 𝑓:𝑋1-1-onto𝑌})
 
Theoremisrngoiso 32837 The predicate "is a ring isomorphism between 𝑅 and 𝑆." (Contributed by Jeff Madsen, 16-Jun-2011.)
𝐺 = (1st𝑅)    &   𝑋 = ran 𝐺    &   𝐽 = (1st𝑆)    &   𝑌 = ran 𝐽       ((𝑅 ∈ RingOps ∧ 𝑆 ∈ RingOps) → (𝐹 ∈ (𝑅 RngIso 𝑆) ↔ (𝐹 ∈ (𝑅 RngHom 𝑆) ∧ 𝐹:𝑋1-1-onto𝑌)))
 
Theoremrngoiso1o 32838 A ring isomorphism is a bijection. (Contributed by Jeff Madsen, 16-Jun-2011.)
𝐺 = (1st𝑅)    &   𝑋 = ran 𝐺    &   𝐽 = (1st𝑆)    &   𝑌 = ran 𝐽       ((𝑅 ∈ RingOps ∧ 𝑆 ∈ RingOps ∧ 𝐹 ∈ (𝑅 RngIso 𝑆)) → 𝐹:𝑋1-1-onto𝑌)
 
Theoremrngoisohom 32839 A ring isomorphism is a ring homomorphism. (Contributed by Jeff Madsen, 16-Jun-2011.)
((𝑅 ∈ RingOps ∧ 𝑆 ∈ RingOps ∧ 𝐹 ∈ (𝑅 RngIso 𝑆)) → 𝐹 ∈ (𝑅 RngHom 𝑆))
 
Theoremrngoisocnv 32840 The inverse of a ring isomorphism is a ring isomorphism. (Contributed by Jeff Madsen, 16-Jun-2011.)
((𝑅 ∈ RingOps ∧ 𝑆 ∈ RingOps ∧ 𝐹 ∈ (𝑅 RngIso 𝑆)) → 𝐹 ∈ (𝑆 RngIso 𝑅))
 
Theoremrngoisoco 32841 The composition of two ring isomorphisms is a ring isomorphism. (Contributed by Jeff Madsen, 16-Jun-2011.)
(((𝑅 ∈ RingOps ∧ 𝑆 ∈ RingOps ∧ 𝑇 ∈ RingOps) ∧ (𝐹 ∈ (𝑅 RngIso 𝑆) ∧ 𝐺 ∈ (𝑆 RngIso 𝑇))) → (𝐺𝐹) ∈ (𝑅 RngIso 𝑇))
 
Definitiondf-risc 32842* Define the ring isomorphism relation. (Contributed by Jeff Madsen, 16-Jun-2011.)
𝑟 = {⟨𝑟, 𝑠⟩ ∣ ((𝑟 ∈ RingOps ∧ 𝑠 ∈ RingOps) ∧ ∃𝑓 𝑓 ∈ (𝑟 RngIso 𝑠))}
 
Theoremisriscg 32843* The ring isomorphism relation. (Contributed by Jeff Madsen, 16-Jun-2011.)
((𝑅𝐴𝑆𝐵) → (𝑅𝑟 𝑆 ↔ ((𝑅 ∈ RingOps ∧ 𝑆 ∈ RingOps) ∧ ∃𝑓 𝑓 ∈ (𝑅 RngIso 𝑆))))
 
Theoremisrisc 32844* The ring isomorphism relation. (Contributed by Jeff Madsen, 16-Jun-2011.)
𝑅 ∈ V    &   𝑆 ∈ V       (𝑅𝑟 𝑆 ↔ ((𝑅 ∈ RingOps ∧ 𝑆 ∈ RingOps) ∧ ∃𝑓 𝑓 ∈ (𝑅 RngIso 𝑆)))
 
Theoremrisc 32845* The ring isomorphism relation. (Contributed by Jeff Madsen, 16-Jun-2011.)
((𝑅 ∈ RingOps ∧ 𝑆 ∈ RingOps) → (𝑅𝑟 𝑆 ↔ ∃𝑓 𝑓 ∈ (𝑅 RngIso 𝑆)))
 
Theoremrisci 32846 Determine that two rings are isomorphic. (Contributed by Jeff Madsen, 16-Jun-2011.)
((𝑅 ∈ RingOps ∧ 𝑆 ∈ RingOps ∧ 𝐹 ∈ (𝑅 RngIso 𝑆)) → 𝑅𝑟 𝑆)
 
Theoremriscer 32847 Ring isomorphism is an equivalence relation. (Contributed by Jeff Madsen, 16-Jun-2011.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 12-Aug-2015.)
𝑟 Er dom ≃𝑟
 
20.19.19  Commutative rings
 
Syntaxccm2 32848 Extend class notation with a class that adds commutativity to various flavors of rings.
class Com2
 
Definitiondf-com2 32849* A device to add commutativity to various sorts of rings. I use ran 𝑔 because I suppose 𝑔 has a neutral element and therefore is onto. (Contributed by FL, 6-Sep-2009.) (New usage is discouraged.)
Com2 = {⟨𝑔, ⟩ ∣ ∀𝑎 ∈ ran 𝑔𝑏 ∈ ran 𝑔(𝑎𝑏) = (𝑏𝑎)}
 
Syntaxcfld 32850 Extend class notation with the class of all fields.
class Fld
 
Definitiondf-fld 32851 Definition of a field. A field is a commutative division ring. (Contributed by FL, 6-Sep-2009.) (Revised by Jeff Madsen, 10-Jun-2010.) (New usage is discouraged.)
Fld = (DivRingOps ∩ Com2)
 
Syntaxccring 32852 Extend class notation with the class of commutative rings.
class CRingOps
 
Definitiondf-crngo 32853 Define the class of commutative rings. (Contributed by Jeff Madsen, 8-Jun-2010.)
CRingOps = (RingOps ∩ Com2)
 
Theoremiscom2 32854* A device to add commutativity to various sorts of rings. (Contributed by FL, 6-Sep-2009.) (New usage is discouraged.)
((𝐺𝐴𝐻𝐵) → (⟨𝐺, 𝐻⟩ ∈ Com2 ↔ ∀𝑎 ∈ ran 𝐺𝑏 ∈ ran 𝐺(𝑎𝐻𝑏) = (𝑏𝐻𝑎)))
 
Theoremiscrngo 32855 The predicate "is a commutative ring". (Contributed by Jeff Madsen, 8-Jun-2010.)
(𝑅 ∈ CRingOps ↔ (𝑅 ∈ RingOps ∧ 𝑅 ∈ Com2))
 
Theoremiscrngo2 32856* The predicate "is a commutative ring". (Contributed by Jeff Madsen, 8-Jun-2010.)
𝐺 = (1st𝑅)    &   𝐻 = (2nd𝑅)    &   𝑋 = ran 𝐺       (𝑅 ∈ CRingOps ↔ (𝑅 ∈ RingOps ∧ ∀𝑥𝑋𝑦𝑋 (𝑥𝐻𝑦) = (𝑦𝐻𝑥)))
 
Theoremiscringd 32857* Conditions that determine a commutative ring. (Contributed by Jeff Madsen, 20-Jun-2011.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 23-Dec-2013.)
(𝜑𝐺 ∈ AbelOp)    &   (𝜑𝑋 = ran 𝐺)    &   (𝜑𝐻:(𝑋 × 𝑋)⟶𝑋)    &   ((𝜑 ∧ (𝑥𝑋𝑦𝑋𝑧𝑋)) → ((𝑥𝐻𝑦)𝐻𝑧) = (𝑥𝐻(𝑦𝐻𝑧)))    &   ((𝜑 ∧ (𝑥𝑋𝑦𝑋𝑧𝑋)) → (𝑥𝐻(𝑦𝐺𝑧)) = ((𝑥𝐻𝑦)𝐺(𝑥𝐻𝑧)))    &   (𝜑𝑈𝑋)    &   ((𝜑𝑦𝑋) → (𝑦𝐻𝑈) = 𝑦)    &   ((𝜑 ∧ (𝑥𝑋𝑦𝑋)) → (𝑥𝐻𝑦) = (𝑦𝐻𝑥))       (𝜑 → ⟨𝐺, 𝐻⟩ ∈ CRingOps)
 
Theoremflddivrng 32858 A field is a division ring. (Contributed by Jeff Madsen, 10-Jun-2010.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 15-Dec-2013.) (New usage is discouraged.)
(𝐾 ∈ Fld → 𝐾 ∈ DivRingOps)
 
Theoremcrngorngo 32859 A commutative ring is a ring. (Contributed by Jeff Madsen, 10-Jun-2010.)
(𝑅 ∈ CRingOps → 𝑅 ∈ RingOps)
 
Theoremcrngocom 32860 The multiplication operation of a commutative ring is commutative. (Contributed by Jeff Madsen, 8-Jun-2010.)
𝐺 = (1st𝑅)    &   𝐻 = (2nd𝑅)    &   𝑋 = ran 𝐺       ((𝑅 ∈ CRingOps ∧ 𝐴𝑋𝐵𝑋) → (𝐴𝐻𝐵) = (𝐵𝐻𝐴))
 
Theoremcrngm23 32861 Commutative/associative law for commutative rings. (Contributed by Jeff Madsen, 19-Jun-2010.)
𝐺 = (1st𝑅)    &   𝐻 = (2nd𝑅)    &   𝑋 = ran 𝐺       ((𝑅 ∈ CRingOps ∧ (𝐴𝑋𝐵𝑋𝐶𝑋)) → ((𝐴𝐻𝐵)𝐻𝐶) = ((𝐴𝐻𝐶)𝐻𝐵))
 
Theoremcrngm4 32862 Commutative/associative law for commutative rings. (Contributed by Jeff Madsen, 19-Jun-2010.)
𝐺 = (1st𝑅)    &   𝐻 = (2nd𝑅)    &   𝑋 = ran 𝐺       ((𝑅 ∈ CRingOps ∧ (𝐴𝑋𝐵𝑋) ∧ (𝐶𝑋𝐷𝑋)) → ((𝐴𝐻𝐵)𝐻(𝐶𝐻𝐷)) = ((𝐴𝐻𝐶)𝐻(𝐵𝐻𝐷)))
 
Theoremfldcrng 32863 A field is a commutative ring. (Contributed by Jeff Madsen, 8-Jun-2010.)
(𝐾 ∈ Fld → 𝐾 ∈ CRingOps)
 
Theoremisfld2 32864 The predicate "is a field". (Contributed by Jeff Madsen, 10-Jun-2010.)
(𝐾 ∈ Fld ↔ (𝐾 ∈ DivRingOps ∧ 𝐾 ∈ CRingOps))
 
Theoremcrngohomfo 32865 The image of a homomorphism from a commutative ring is commutative. (Contributed by Jeff Madsen, 4-Jan-2011.)
𝐺 = (1st𝑅)    &   𝑋 = ran 𝐺    &   𝐽 = (1st𝑆)    &   𝑌 = ran 𝐽       (((𝑅 ∈ CRingOps ∧ 𝑆 ∈ RingOps) ∧ (𝐹 ∈ (𝑅 RngHom 𝑆) ∧ 𝐹:𝑋onto𝑌)) → 𝑆 ∈ CRingOps)
 
20.19.20  Ideals
 
Syntaxcidl 32866 Extend class notation with the class of ideals.
class Idl
 
Syntaxcpridl 32867 Extend class notation with the class of prime ideals.
class PrIdl
 
Syntaxcmaxidl 32868 Extend class notation with the class of maximal ideals.
class MaxIdl
 
Definitiondf-idl 32869* Define the class of (two-sided) ideals of a ring 𝑅. A subset of 𝑅 is an ideal if it contains 0, is closed under addition, and is closed under multiplication on either side by any element of 𝑅. (Contributed by Jeff Madsen, 10-Jun-2010.)
Idl = (𝑟 ∈ RingOps ↦ {𝑖 ∈ 𝒫 ran (1st𝑟) ∣ ((GId‘(1st𝑟)) ∈ 𝑖 ∧ ∀𝑥𝑖 (∀𝑦𝑖 (𝑥(1st𝑟)𝑦) ∈ 𝑖 ∧ ∀𝑧 ∈ ran (1st𝑟)((𝑧(2nd𝑟)𝑥) ∈ 𝑖 ∧ (𝑥(2nd𝑟)𝑧) ∈ 𝑖)))})
 
Definitiondf-pridl 32870* Define the class of prime ideals of a ring 𝑅. A proper ideal 𝐼 of 𝑅 is prime if whenever 𝐴𝐵𝐼 for ideals 𝐴 and 𝐵, either 𝐴𝐼 or 𝐵𝐼. The more familiar definition using elements rather than ideals is equivalent provided 𝑅 is commutative; see ispridl2 32897 and ispridlc 32929. (Contributed by Jeff Madsen, 10-Jun-2010.)
PrIdl = (𝑟 ∈ RingOps ↦ {𝑖 ∈ (Idl‘𝑟) ∣ (𝑖 ≠ ran (1st𝑟) ∧ ∀𝑎 ∈ (Idl‘𝑟)∀𝑏 ∈ (Idl‘𝑟)(∀𝑥𝑎𝑦𝑏 (𝑥(2nd𝑟)𝑦) ∈ 𝑖 → (𝑎𝑖𝑏𝑖)))})
 
Definitiondf-maxidl 32871* Define the class of maximal ideals of a ring 𝑅. A proper ideal is called maximal if it is maximal with respect to inclusion among proper ideals. (Contributed by Jeff Madsen, 5-Jan-2011.)
MaxIdl = (𝑟 ∈ RingOps ↦ {𝑖 ∈ (Idl‘𝑟) ∣ (𝑖 ≠ ran (1st𝑟) ∧ ∀𝑗 ∈ (Idl‘𝑟)(𝑖𝑗 → (𝑗 = 𝑖𝑗 = ran (1st𝑟))))})
 
Theoremidlval 32872* The class of ideals of a ring. (Contributed by Jeff Madsen, 10-Jun-2010.)
𝐺 = (1st𝑅)    &   𝐻 = (2nd𝑅)    &   𝑋 = ran 𝐺    &   𝑍 = (GId‘𝐺)       (𝑅 ∈ RingOps → (Idl‘𝑅) = {𝑖 ∈ 𝒫 𝑋 ∣ (𝑍𝑖 ∧ ∀𝑥𝑖 (∀𝑦𝑖 (𝑥𝐺𝑦) ∈ 𝑖 ∧ ∀𝑧𝑋 ((𝑧𝐻𝑥) ∈ 𝑖 ∧ (𝑥𝐻𝑧) ∈ 𝑖)))})
 
Theoremisidl 32873* The predicate "is an ideal of the ring 𝑅." (Contributed by Jeff Madsen, 10-Jun-2010.)
𝐺 = (1st𝑅)    &   𝐻 = (2nd𝑅)    &   𝑋 = ran 𝐺    &   𝑍 = (GId‘𝐺)       (𝑅 ∈ RingOps → (𝐼 ∈ (Idl‘𝑅) ↔ (𝐼𝑋𝑍𝐼 ∧ ∀𝑥𝐼 (∀𝑦𝐼 (𝑥𝐺𝑦) ∈ 𝐼 ∧ ∀𝑧𝑋 ((𝑧𝐻𝑥) ∈ 𝐼 ∧ (𝑥𝐻𝑧) ∈ 𝐼)))))
 
Theoremisidlc 32874* The predicate "is an ideal of the commutative ring 𝑅." (Contributed by Jeff Madsen, 10-Jun-2010.)
𝐺 = (1st𝑅)    &   𝐻 = (2nd𝑅)    &   𝑋 = ran 𝐺    &   𝑍 = (GId‘𝐺)       (𝑅 ∈ CRingOps → (𝐼 ∈ (Idl‘𝑅) ↔ (𝐼𝑋𝑍𝐼 ∧ ∀𝑥𝐼 (∀𝑦𝐼 (𝑥𝐺𝑦) ∈ 𝐼 ∧ ∀𝑧𝑋 (𝑧𝐻𝑥) ∈ 𝐼))))
 
Theoremidlss 32875 An ideal of 𝑅 is a subset of 𝑅. (Contributed by Jeff Madsen, 10-Jun-2010.)
𝐺 = (1st𝑅)    &   𝑋 = ran 𝐺       ((𝑅 ∈ RingOps ∧ 𝐼 ∈ (Idl‘𝑅)) → 𝐼𝑋)
 
Theoremidlcl 32876 An element of an ideal is an element of the ring. (Contributed by Jeff Madsen, 19-Jun-2010.)
𝐺 = (1st𝑅)    &   𝑋 = ran 𝐺       (((𝑅 ∈ RingOps ∧ 𝐼 ∈ (Idl‘𝑅)) ∧ 𝐴𝐼) → 𝐴𝑋)
 
Theoremidl0cl 32877 An ideal contains 0. (Contributed by Jeff Madsen, 10-Jun-2010.)
𝐺 = (1st𝑅)    &   𝑍 = (GId‘𝐺)       ((𝑅 ∈ RingOps ∧ 𝐼 ∈ (Idl‘𝑅)) → 𝑍𝐼)
 
Theoremidladdcl 32878 An ideal is closed under addition. (Contributed by Jeff Madsen, 10-Jun-2010.)
𝐺 = (1st𝑅)       (((𝑅 ∈ RingOps ∧ 𝐼 ∈ (Idl‘𝑅)) ∧ (𝐴𝐼𝐵𝐼)) → (𝐴𝐺𝐵) ∈ 𝐼)
 
Theoremidllmulcl 32879 An ideal is closed under multiplication on the left. (Contributed by Jeff Madsen, 10-Jun-2010.)
𝐺 = (1st𝑅)    &   𝐻 = (2nd𝑅)    &   𝑋 = ran 𝐺       (((𝑅 ∈ RingOps ∧ 𝐼 ∈ (Idl‘𝑅)) ∧ (𝐴𝐼𝐵𝑋)) → (𝐵𝐻𝐴) ∈ 𝐼)
 
Theoremidlrmulcl 32880 An ideal is closed under multiplication on the right. (Contributed by Jeff Madsen, 10-Jun-2010.)
𝐺 = (1st𝑅)    &   𝐻 = (2nd𝑅)    &   𝑋 = ran 𝐺       (((𝑅 ∈ RingOps ∧ 𝐼 ∈ (Idl‘𝑅)) ∧ (𝐴𝐼𝐵𝑋)) → (𝐴𝐻𝐵) ∈ 𝐼)
 
Theoremidlnegcl 32881 An ideal is closed under negation. (Contributed by Jeff Madsen, 10-Jun-2010.)
𝐺 = (1st𝑅)    &   𝑁 = (inv‘𝐺)       (((𝑅 ∈ RingOps ∧ 𝐼 ∈ (Idl‘𝑅)) ∧ 𝐴𝐼) → (𝑁𝐴) ∈ 𝐼)
 
Theoremidlsubcl 32882 An ideal is closed under subtraction. (Contributed by Jeff Madsen, 19-Jun-2010.)
𝐺 = (1st𝑅)    &   𝐷 = ( /𝑔𝐺)       (((𝑅 ∈ RingOps ∧ 𝐼 ∈ (Idl‘𝑅)) ∧ (𝐴𝐼𝐵𝐼)) → (𝐴𝐷𝐵) ∈ 𝐼)
 
Theoremrngoidl 32883 A ring 𝑅 is an 𝑅 ideal. (Contributed by Jeff Madsen, 10-Jun-2010.)
𝐺 = (1st𝑅)    &   𝑋 = ran 𝐺       (𝑅 ∈ RingOps → 𝑋 ∈ (Idl‘𝑅))
 
Theorem0idl 32884 The set containing only 0 is an ideal. (Contributed by Jeff Madsen, 10-Jun-2010.)
𝐺 = (1st𝑅)    &   𝑍 = (GId‘𝐺)       (𝑅 ∈ RingOps → {𝑍} ∈ (Idl‘𝑅))
 
Theorem1idl 32885 Two ways of expressing the unit ideal. (Contributed by Jeff Madsen, 10-Jun-2010.)
𝐺 = (1st𝑅)    &   𝐻 = (2nd𝑅)    &   𝑋 = ran 𝐺    &   𝑈 = (GId‘𝐻)       ((𝑅 ∈ RingOps ∧ 𝐼 ∈ (Idl‘𝑅)) → (𝑈𝐼𝐼 = 𝑋))
 
Theorem0rngo 32886 In a ring, 0 = 1 iff the ring contains only 0. (Contributed by Jeff Madsen, 6-Jan-2011.)
𝐺 = (1st𝑅)    &   𝐻 = (2nd𝑅)    &   𝑋 = ran 𝐺    &   𝑍 = (GId‘𝐺)    &   𝑈 = (GId‘𝐻)       (𝑅 ∈ RingOps → (𝑍 = 𝑈𝑋 = {𝑍}))
 
Theoremdivrngidl 32887 The only ideals in a division ring are the zero ideal and the unit ideal. (Contributed by Jeff Madsen, 10-Jun-2010.)
𝐺 = (1st𝑅)    &   𝐻 = (2nd𝑅)    &   𝑋 = ran 𝐺    &   𝑍 = (GId‘𝐺)       (𝑅 ∈ DivRingOps → (Idl‘𝑅) = {{𝑍}, 𝑋})
 
Theoremintidl 32888 The intersection of a nonempty collection of ideals is an ideal. (Contributed by Jeff Madsen, 10-Jun-2010.)
((𝑅 ∈ RingOps ∧ 𝐶 ≠ ∅ ∧ 𝐶 ⊆ (Idl‘𝑅)) → 𝐶 ∈ (Idl‘𝑅))
 
Theoreminidl 32889 The intersection of two ideals is an ideal. (Contributed by Jeff Madsen, 16-Jun-2011.)
((𝑅 ∈ RingOps ∧ 𝐼 ∈ (Idl‘𝑅) ∧ 𝐽 ∈ (Idl‘𝑅)) → (𝐼𝐽) ∈ (Idl‘𝑅))
 
Theoremunichnidl 32890* The union of a nonempty chain of ideals is an ideal. (Contributed by Jeff Madsen, 5-Jan-2011.)
((𝑅 ∈ RingOps ∧ (𝐶 ≠ ∅ ∧ 𝐶 ⊆ (Idl‘𝑅) ∧ ∀𝑖𝐶𝑗𝐶 (𝑖𝑗𝑗𝑖))) → 𝐶 ∈ (Idl‘𝑅))
 
Theoremkeridl 32891 The kernel of a ring homomorphism is an ideal. (Contributed by Jeff Madsen, 3-Jan-2011.)
𝐺 = (1st𝑆)    &   𝑍 = (GId‘𝐺)       ((𝑅 ∈ RingOps ∧ 𝑆 ∈ RingOps ∧ 𝐹 ∈ (𝑅 RngHom 𝑆)) → (𝐹 “ {𝑍}) ∈ (Idl‘𝑅))
 
Theorempridlval 32892* The class of prime ideals of a ring 𝑅. (Contributed by Jeff Madsen, 10-Jun-2010.)
𝐺 = (1st𝑅)    &   𝐻 = (2nd𝑅)    &   𝑋 = ran 𝐺       (𝑅 ∈ RingOps → (PrIdl‘𝑅) = {𝑖 ∈ (Idl‘𝑅) ∣ (𝑖𝑋 ∧ ∀𝑎 ∈ (Idl‘𝑅)∀𝑏 ∈ (Idl‘𝑅)(∀𝑥𝑎𝑦𝑏 (𝑥𝐻𝑦) ∈ 𝑖 → (𝑎𝑖𝑏𝑖)))})
 
Theoremispridl 32893* The predicate "is a prime ideal". (Contributed by Jeff Madsen, 10-Jun-2010.)
𝐺 = (1st𝑅)    &   𝐻 = (2nd𝑅)    &   𝑋 = ran 𝐺       (𝑅 ∈ RingOps → (𝑃 ∈ (PrIdl‘𝑅) ↔ (𝑃 ∈ (Idl‘𝑅) ∧ 𝑃𝑋 ∧ ∀𝑎 ∈ (Idl‘𝑅)∀𝑏 ∈ (Idl‘𝑅)(∀𝑥𝑎𝑦𝑏 (𝑥𝐻𝑦) ∈ 𝑃 → (𝑎𝑃𝑏𝑃)))))
 
Theorempridlidl 32894 A prime ideal is an ideal. (Contributed by Jeff Madsen, 19-Jun-2010.)
((𝑅 ∈ RingOps ∧ 𝑃 ∈ (PrIdl‘𝑅)) → 𝑃 ∈ (Idl‘𝑅))
 
Theorempridlnr 32895 A prime ideal is a proper ideal. (Contributed by Jeff Madsen, 19-Jun-2010.)
𝐺 = (1st𝑅)    &   𝑋 = ran 𝐺       ((𝑅 ∈ RingOps ∧ 𝑃 ∈ (PrIdl‘𝑅)) → 𝑃𝑋)
 
Theorempridl 32896* The main property of a prime ideal. (Contributed by Jeff Madsen, 19-Jun-2010.)
𝐻 = (2nd𝑅)       (((𝑅 ∈ RingOps ∧ 𝑃 ∈ (PrIdl‘𝑅)) ∧ (𝐴 ∈ (Idl‘𝑅) ∧ 𝐵 ∈ (Idl‘𝑅) ∧ ∀𝑥𝐴𝑦𝐵 (𝑥𝐻𝑦) ∈ 𝑃)) → (𝐴𝑃𝐵𝑃))
 
Theoremispridl2 32897* A condition that shows an ideal is prime. For commutative rings, this is often taken to be the definition. See ispridlc 32929 for the equivalence in the commutative case. (Contributed by Jeff Madsen, 19-Jun-2010.)
𝐺 = (1st𝑅)    &   𝐻 = (2nd𝑅)    &   𝑋 = ran 𝐺       ((𝑅 ∈ RingOps ∧ (𝑃 ∈ (Idl‘𝑅) ∧ 𝑃𝑋 ∧ ∀𝑎𝑋𝑏𝑋 ((𝑎𝐻𝑏) ∈ 𝑃 → (𝑎𝑃𝑏𝑃)))) → 𝑃 ∈ (PrIdl‘𝑅))
 
Theoremmaxidlval 32898* The set of maximal ideals of a ring. (Contributed by Jeff Madsen, 5-Jan-2011.)
𝐺 = (1st𝑅)    &   𝑋 = ran 𝐺       (𝑅 ∈ RingOps → (MaxIdl‘𝑅) = {𝑖 ∈ (Idl‘𝑅) ∣ (𝑖𝑋 ∧ ∀𝑗 ∈ (Idl‘𝑅)(𝑖𝑗 → (𝑗 = 𝑖𝑗 = 𝑋)))})
 
Theoremismaxidl 32899* The predicate "is a maximal ideal". (Contributed by Jeff Madsen, 5-Jan-2011.)
𝐺 = (1st𝑅)    &   𝑋 = ran 𝐺       (𝑅 ∈ RingOps → (𝑀 ∈ (MaxIdl‘𝑅) ↔ (𝑀 ∈ (Idl‘𝑅) ∧ 𝑀𝑋 ∧ ∀𝑗 ∈ (Idl‘𝑅)(𝑀𝑗 → (𝑗 = 𝑀𝑗 = 𝑋)))))
 
Theoremmaxidlidl 32900 A maximal ideal is an ideal. (Contributed by Jeff Madsen, 5-Jan-2011.)
((𝑅 ∈ RingOps ∧ 𝑀 ∈ (MaxIdl‘𝑅)) → 𝑀 ∈ (Idl‘𝑅))
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