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Theorem List for Metamath Proof Explorer - 3201-3300   *Has distinct variable group(s)
TypeLabelDescription
Statement

Theoremrspc3ev 3201* 3-variable restricted existential specialization, using implicit substitution. (Contributed by NM, 25-Jul-2012.)
(𝑥 = 𝐴 → (𝜑𝜒))    &   (𝑦 = 𝐵 → (𝜒𝜃))    &   (𝑧 = 𝐶 → (𝜃𝜓))       (((𝐴𝑅𝐵𝑆𝐶𝑇) ∧ 𝜓) → ∃𝑥𝑅𝑦𝑆𝑧𝑇 𝜑)

Theoremralxpxfr2d 3202* Transfer a universal quantifier between one variable with pair-like semantics and two. (Contributed by Stefan O'Rear, 27-Feb-2015.)
𝐴 ∈ V    &   (𝜑 → (𝑥𝐵 ↔ ∃𝑦𝐶𝑧𝐷 𝑥 = 𝐴))    &   ((𝜑𝑥 = 𝐴) → (𝜓𝜒))       (𝜑 → (∀𝑥𝐵 𝜓 ↔ ∀𝑦𝐶𝑧𝐷 𝜒))

Theoremrexraleqim 3203* Statement following from existence and generalization with equality. (Contributed by AV, 9-Feb-2019.)
(𝑥 = 𝑧 → (𝜓𝜑))    &   (𝑧 = 𝑌 → (𝜑𝜃))       ((∃𝑧𝐴 𝜑 ∧ ∀𝑥𝐴 (𝜓𝑥 = 𝑌)) → 𝜃)

Theoremeqvinc 3204* A variable introduction law for class equality. (Contributed by NM, 14-Apr-1995.) (Proof shortened by Andrew Salmon, 8-Jun-2011.)
𝐴 ∈ V       (𝐴 = 𝐵 ↔ ∃𝑥(𝑥 = 𝐴𝑥 = 𝐵))

Theoremeqvincf 3205 A variable introduction law for class equality, using bound-variable hypotheses instead of distinct variable conditions. (Contributed by NM, 14-Sep-2003.)
𝑥𝐴    &   𝑥𝐵    &   𝐴 ∈ V       (𝐴 = 𝐵 ↔ ∃𝑥(𝑥 = 𝐴𝑥 = 𝐵))

Theoremalexeqg 3206* Two ways to express substitution of 𝐴 for 𝑥 in 𝜑. This is the analogue for classes of sb56 2128. (Contributed by NM, 2-Mar-1995.) (Revised by BJ, 27-Apr-2019.)
(𝐴𝑉 → (∀𝑥(𝑥 = 𝐴𝜑) ↔ ∃𝑥(𝑥 = 𝐴𝜑)))

Theoremceqex 3207* Equality implies equivalence with substitution. (Contributed by NM, 2-Mar-1995.) (Proof shortened by BJ, 1-May-2019.)
(𝑥 = 𝐴 → (𝜑 ↔ ∃𝑥(𝑥 = 𝐴𝜑)))

Theoremceqsexg 3208* A representation of explicit substitution of a class for a variable, inferred from an implicit substitution hypothesis. (Contributed by NM, 11-Oct-2004.)
𝑥𝜓    &   (𝑥 = 𝐴 → (𝜑𝜓))       (𝐴𝑉 → (∃𝑥(𝑥 = 𝐴𝜑) ↔ 𝜓))

Theoremceqsexgv 3209* Elimination of an existential quantifier, using implicit substitution. (Contributed by NM, 29-Dec-1996.)
(𝑥 = 𝐴 → (𝜑𝜓))       (𝐴𝑉 → (∃𝑥(𝑥 = 𝐴𝜑) ↔ 𝜓))

Theoremceqsrexv 3210* Elimination of a restricted existential quantifier, using implicit substitution. (Contributed by NM, 30-Apr-2004.)
(𝑥 = 𝐴 → (𝜑𝜓))       (𝐴𝐵 → (∃𝑥𝐵 (𝑥 = 𝐴𝜑) ↔ 𝜓))

Theoremceqsrexbv 3211* Elimination of a restricted existential quantifier, using implicit substitution. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 14-Mar-2014.)
(𝑥 = 𝐴 → (𝜑𝜓))       (∃𝑥𝐵 (𝑥 = 𝐴𝜑) ↔ (𝐴𝐵𝜓))

Theoremceqsrex2v 3212* Elimination of a restricted existential quantifier, using implicit substitution. (Contributed by NM, 29-Oct-2005.)
(𝑥 = 𝐴 → (𝜑𝜓))    &   (𝑦 = 𝐵 → (𝜓𝜒))       ((𝐴𝐶𝐵𝐷) → (∃𝑥𝐶𝑦𝐷 ((𝑥 = 𝐴𝑦 = 𝐵) ∧ 𝜑) ↔ 𝜒))

Theoremclel2 3213* An alternate definition of class membership when the class is a set. (Contributed by NM, 18-Aug-1993.)
𝐴 ∈ V       (𝐴𝐵 ↔ ∀𝑥(𝑥 = 𝐴𝑥𝐵))

Theoremclel3g 3214* An alternate definition of class membership when the class is a set. (Contributed by NM, 13-Aug-2005.)
(𝐵𝑉 → (𝐴𝐵 ↔ ∃𝑥(𝑥 = 𝐵𝐴𝑥)))

Theoremclel3 3215* An alternate definition of class membership when the class is a set. (Contributed by NM, 18-Aug-1993.)
𝐵 ∈ V       (𝐴𝐵 ↔ ∃𝑥(𝑥 = 𝐵𝐴𝑥))

Theoremclel4 3216* An alternate definition of class membership when the class is a set. (Contributed by NM, 18-Aug-1993.)
𝐵 ∈ V       (𝐴𝐵 ↔ ∀𝑥(𝑥 = 𝐵𝐴𝑥))

Theorempm13.183 3217* Compare theorem *13.183 in [WhiteheadRussell] p. 178. Only 𝐴 is required to be a set. (Contributed by Andrew Salmon, 3-Jun-2011.)
(𝐴𝑉 → (𝐴 = 𝐵 ↔ ∀𝑧(𝑧 = 𝐴𝑧 = 𝐵)))

Theoremrr19.3v 3218* Restricted quantifier version of Theorem 19.3 of [Margaris] p. 89. We don't need the nonempty class condition of r19.3rzv 3919 when there is an outer quantifier. (Contributed by NM, 25-Oct-2012.)
(∀𝑥𝐴𝑦𝐴 𝜑 ↔ ∀𝑥𝐴 𝜑)

Theoremrr19.28v 3219* Restricted quantifier version of Theorem 19.28 of [Margaris] p. 90. We don't need the nonempty class condition of r19.28zv 3921 when there is an outer quantifier. (Contributed by NM, 29-Oct-2012.)
(∀𝑥𝐴𝑦𝐴 (𝜑𝜓) ↔ ∀𝑥𝐴 (𝜑 ∧ ∀𝑦𝐴 𝜓))

Theoremelabgt 3220* Membership in a class abstraction, using implicit substitution. (Closed theorem version of elabg 3224.) (Contributed by NM, 7-Nov-2005.) (Proof shortened by Andrew Salmon, 8-Jun-2011.)
((𝐴𝐵 ∧ ∀𝑥(𝑥 = 𝐴 → (𝜑𝜓))) → (𝐴 ∈ {𝑥𝜑} ↔ 𝜓))

Theoremelabgf 3221 Membership in a class abstraction, using implicit substitution. Compare Theorem 6.13 of [Quine] p. 44. This version has bound-variable hypotheses in place of distinct variable restrictions. (Contributed by NM, 21-Sep-2003.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 12-Oct-2016.)
𝑥𝐴    &   𝑥𝜓    &   (𝑥 = 𝐴 → (𝜑𝜓))       (𝐴𝐵 → (𝐴 ∈ {𝑥𝜑} ↔ 𝜓))

Theoremelabf 3222* Membership in a class abstraction, using implicit substitution. (Contributed by NM, 1-Aug-1994.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 12-Oct-2016.)
𝑥𝜓    &   𝐴 ∈ V    &   (𝑥 = 𝐴 → (𝜑𝜓))       (𝐴 ∈ {𝑥𝜑} ↔ 𝜓)

Theoremelab 3223* Membership in a class abstraction, using implicit substitution. Compare Theorem 6.13 of [Quine] p. 44. (Contributed by NM, 1-Aug-1994.)
𝐴 ∈ V    &   (𝑥 = 𝐴 → (𝜑𝜓))       (𝐴 ∈ {𝑥𝜑} ↔ 𝜓)

Theoremelabg 3224* Membership in a class abstraction, using implicit substitution. Compare Theorem 6.13 of [Quine] p. 44. (Contributed by NM, 14-Apr-1995.)
(𝑥 = 𝐴 → (𝜑𝜓))       (𝐴𝑉 → (𝐴 ∈ {𝑥𝜑} ↔ 𝜓))

Theoremelabd 3225* Explicit demonstration the class {𝑥𝜓} is not empty by the example 𝑋. (Contributed by RP, 12-Aug-2020.)
(𝜑𝑋 ∈ V)    &   (𝜑𝜒)    &   (𝑥 = 𝑋 → (𝜓𝜒))       (𝜑 → ∃𝑥𝜓)

Theoremelab2g 3226* Membership in a class abstraction, using implicit substitution. (Contributed by NM, 13-Sep-1995.)
(𝑥 = 𝐴 → (𝜑𝜓))    &   𝐵 = {𝑥𝜑}       (𝐴𝑉 → (𝐴𝐵𝜓))

Theoremelab2 3227* Membership in a class abstraction, using implicit substitution. (Contributed by NM, 13-Sep-1995.)
𝐴 ∈ V    &   (𝑥 = 𝐴 → (𝜑𝜓))    &   𝐵 = {𝑥𝜑}       (𝐴𝐵𝜓)

Theoremelab4g 3228* Membership in a class abstraction, using implicit substitution. (Contributed by NM, 17-Oct-2012.)
(𝑥 = 𝐴 → (𝜑𝜓))    &   𝐵 = {𝑥𝜑}       (𝐴𝐵 ↔ (𝐴 ∈ V ∧ 𝜓))

Theoremelab3gf 3229 Membership in a class abstraction, with a weaker antecedent than elabgf 3221. (Contributed by NM, 6-Sep-2011.)
𝑥𝐴    &   𝑥𝜓    &   (𝑥 = 𝐴 → (𝜑𝜓))       ((𝜓𝐴𝐵) → (𝐴 ∈ {𝑥𝜑} ↔ 𝜓))

Theoremelab3g 3230* Membership in a class abstraction, with a weaker antecedent than elabg 3224. (Contributed by NM, 29-Aug-2006.)
(𝑥 = 𝐴 → (𝜑𝜓))       ((𝜓𝐴𝐵) → (𝐴 ∈ {𝑥𝜑} ↔ 𝜓))

Theoremelab3 3231* Membership in a class abstraction using implicit substitution. (Contributed by NM, 10-Nov-2000.)
(𝜓𝐴 ∈ V)    &   (𝑥 = 𝐴 → (𝜑𝜓))       (𝐴 ∈ {𝑥𝜑} ↔ 𝜓)

Theoremelrabi 3232* Implication for the membership in a restricted class abstraction. (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 31-Dec-2017.)
(𝐴 ∈ {𝑥𝑉𝜑} → 𝐴𝑉)

Theoremelrabf 3233 Membership in a restricted class abstraction, using implicit substitution. This version has bound-variable hypotheses in place of distinct variable restrictions. (Contributed by NM, 21-Sep-2003.)
𝑥𝐴    &   𝑥𝐵    &   𝑥𝜓    &   (𝑥 = 𝐴 → (𝜑𝜓))       (𝐴 ∈ {𝑥𝐵𝜑} ↔ (𝐴𝐵𝜓))

Theoremelrab3t 3234* Membership in a restricted class abstraction, using implicit substitution. (Closed theorem version of elrab3 3236.) (Contributed by Thierry Arnoux, 31-Aug-2017.)
((∀𝑥(𝑥 = 𝐴 → (𝜑𝜓)) ∧ 𝐴𝐵) → (𝐴 ∈ {𝑥𝐵𝜑} ↔ 𝜓))

Theoremelrab 3235* Membership in a restricted class abstraction, using implicit substitution. (Contributed by NM, 21-May-1999.)
(𝑥 = 𝐴 → (𝜑𝜓))       (𝐴 ∈ {𝑥𝐵𝜑} ↔ (𝐴𝐵𝜓))

Theoremelrab3 3236* Membership in a restricted class abstraction, using implicit substitution. (Contributed by NM, 5-Oct-2006.)
(𝑥 = 𝐴 → (𝜑𝜓))       (𝐴𝐵 → (𝐴 ∈ {𝑥𝐵𝜑} ↔ 𝜓))

Theoremelrab2 3237* Membership in a class abstraction, using implicit substitution. (Contributed by NM, 2-Nov-2006.)
(𝑥 = 𝐴 → (𝜑𝜓))    &   𝐶 = {𝑥𝐵𝜑}       (𝐴𝐶 ↔ (𝐴𝐵𝜓))

Theoremralab 3238* Universal quantification over a class abstraction. (Contributed by Jeff Madsen, 10-Jun-2010.)
(𝑦 = 𝑥 → (𝜑𝜓))       (∀𝑥 ∈ {𝑦𝜑}𝜒 ↔ ∀𝑥(𝜓𝜒))

Theoremralrab 3239* Universal quantification over a restricted class abstraction. (Contributed by Jeff Madsen, 10-Jun-2010.)
(𝑦 = 𝑥 → (𝜑𝜓))       (∀𝑥 ∈ {𝑦𝐴𝜑}𝜒 ↔ ∀𝑥𝐴 (𝜓𝜒))

Theoremrexab 3240* Existential quantification over a class abstraction. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 23-Jan-2014.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 3-Sep-2015.)
(𝑦 = 𝑥 → (𝜑𝜓))       (∃𝑥 ∈ {𝑦𝜑}𝜒 ↔ ∃𝑥(𝜓𝜒))

Theoremrexrab 3241* Existential quantification over a class abstraction. (Contributed by Jeff Madsen, 17-Jun-2011.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 3-Sep-2015.)
(𝑦 = 𝑥 → (𝜑𝜓))       (∃𝑥 ∈ {𝑦𝐴𝜑}𝜒 ↔ ∃𝑥𝐴 (𝜓𝜒))

Theoremralab2 3242* Universal quantification over a class abstraction. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 3-Sep-2015.)
(𝑥 = 𝑦 → (𝜓𝜒))       (∀𝑥 ∈ {𝑦𝜑}𝜓 ↔ ∀𝑦(𝜑𝜒))

Theoremralrab2 3243* Universal quantification over a restricted class abstraction. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 3-Sep-2015.)
(𝑥 = 𝑦 → (𝜓𝜒))       (∀𝑥 ∈ {𝑦𝐴𝜑}𝜓 ↔ ∀𝑦𝐴 (𝜑𝜒))

Theoremrexab2 3244* Existential quantification over a class abstraction. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 3-Sep-2015.)
(𝑥 = 𝑦 → (𝜓𝜒))       (∃𝑥 ∈ {𝑦𝜑}𝜓 ↔ ∃𝑦(𝜑𝜒))

Theoremrexrab2 3245* Existential quantification over a class abstraction. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 3-Sep-2015.)
(𝑥 = 𝑦 → (𝜓𝜒))       (∃𝑥 ∈ {𝑦𝐴𝜑}𝜓 ↔ ∃𝑦𝐴 (𝜑𝜒))

Theoremabidnf 3246* Identity used to create closed-form versions of bound-variable hypothesis builders for class expressions. (Contributed by NM, 10-Nov-2005.) (Proof shortened by Mario Carneiro, 12-Oct-2016.)
(𝑥𝐴 → {𝑧 ∣ ∀𝑥 𝑧𝐴} = 𝐴)

Theoremdedhb 3247* A deduction theorem for converting the inference 𝑥𝐴 => 𝜑 into a closed theorem. Use nfa1 2027 and nfab 2659 to eliminate the hypothesis of the substitution instance 𝜓 of the inference. For converting the inference form into a deduction form, abidnf 3246 is useful. (Contributed by NM, 8-Dec-2006.)
(𝐴 = {𝑧 ∣ ∀𝑥 𝑧𝐴} → (𝜑𝜓))    &   𝜓       (𝑥𝐴𝜑)

Theoremeqeu 3248* A condition which implies existential uniqueness. (Contributed by Jeff Hankins, 8-Sep-2009.)
(𝑥 = 𝐴 → (𝜑𝜓))       ((𝐴𝐵𝜓 ∧ ∀𝑥(𝜑𝑥 = 𝐴)) → ∃!𝑥𝜑)

Theoremeueq 3249* Equality has existential uniqueness. (Contributed by NM, 25-Nov-1994.)
(𝐴 ∈ V ↔ ∃!𝑥 𝑥 = 𝐴)

Theoremeueq1 3250* Equality has existential uniqueness. (Contributed by NM, 5-Apr-1995.)
𝐴 ∈ V       ∃!𝑥 𝑥 = 𝐴

Theoremeueq2 3251* Equality has existential uniqueness (split into 2 cases). (Contributed by NM, 5-Apr-1995.)
𝐴 ∈ V    &   𝐵 ∈ V       ∃!𝑥((𝜑𝑥 = 𝐴) ∨ (¬ 𝜑𝑥 = 𝐵))

Theoremeueq3 3252* Equality has existential uniqueness (split into 3 cases). (Contributed by NM, 5-Apr-1995.) (Proof shortened by Mario Carneiro, 28-Sep-2015.)
𝐴 ∈ V    &   𝐵 ∈ V    &   𝐶 ∈ V    &    ¬ (𝜑𝜓)       ∃!𝑥((𝜑𝑥 = 𝐴) ∨ (¬ (𝜑𝜓) ∧ 𝑥 = 𝐵) ∨ (𝜓𝑥 = 𝐶))

Theoremmoeq 3253* There is at most one set equal to a class. (Contributed by NM, 8-Mar-1995.)
∃*𝑥 𝑥 = 𝐴

Theoremmoeq3 3254* "At most one" property of equality (split into 3 cases). (The first two hypotheses could be eliminated with longer proof.) (Contributed by NM, 23-Apr-1995.)
𝐵 ∈ V    &   𝐶 ∈ V    &    ¬ (𝜑𝜓)       ∃*𝑥((𝜑𝑥 = 𝐴) ∨ (¬ (𝜑𝜓) ∧ 𝑥 = 𝐵) ∨ (𝜓𝑥 = 𝐶))

Theoremmosub 3255* "At most one" remains true after substitution. (Contributed by NM, 9-Mar-1995.)
∃*𝑥𝜑       ∃*𝑥𝑦(𝑦 = 𝐴𝜑)

Theoremmo2icl 3256* Theorem for inferring "at most one." (Contributed by NM, 17-Oct-1996.)
(∀𝑥(𝜑𝑥 = 𝐴) → ∃*𝑥𝜑)

Theoremmob2 3257* Consequence of "at most one." (Contributed by NM, 2-Jan-2015.)
(𝑥 = 𝐴 → (𝜑𝜓))       ((𝐴𝐵 ∧ ∃*𝑥𝜑𝜑) → (𝑥 = 𝐴𝜓))

Theoremmoi2 3258* Consequence of "at most one." (Contributed by NM, 29-Jun-2008.)
(𝑥 = 𝐴 → (𝜑𝜓))       (((𝐴𝐵 ∧ ∃*𝑥𝜑) ∧ (𝜑𝜓)) → 𝑥 = 𝐴)

Theoremmob 3259* Equality implied by "at most one." (Contributed by NM, 18-Feb-2006.)
(𝑥 = 𝐴 → (𝜑𝜓))    &   (𝑥 = 𝐵 → (𝜑𝜒))       (((𝐴𝐶𝐵𝐷) ∧ ∃*𝑥𝜑𝜓) → (𝐴 = 𝐵𝜒))

Theoremmoi 3260* Equality implied by "at most one." (Contributed by NM, 18-Feb-2006.)
(𝑥 = 𝐴 → (𝜑𝜓))    &   (𝑥 = 𝐵 → (𝜑𝜒))       (((𝐴𝐶𝐵𝐷) ∧ ∃*𝑥𝜑 ∧ (𝜓𝜒)) → 𝐴 = 𝐵)

Theoremmorex 3261* Derive membership from uniqueness. (Contributed by Jeff Madsen, 2-Sep-2009.)
𝐵 ∈ V    &   (𝑥 = 𝐵 → (𝜑𝜓))       ((∃𝑥𝐴 𝜑 ∧ ∃*𝑥𝜑) → (𝜓𝐵𝐴))

Theoremeuxfr2 3262* Transfer existential uniqueness from a variable 𝑥 to another variable 𝑦 contained in expression 𝐴. (Contributed by NM, 14-Nov-2004.)
𝐴 ∈ V    &   ∃*𝑦 𝑥 = 𝐴       (∃!𝑥𝑦(𝑥 = 𝐴𝜑) ↔ ∃!𝑦𝜑)

Theoremeuxfr 3263* Transfer existential uniqueness from a variable 𝑥 to another variable 𝑦 contained in expression 𝐴. (Contributed by NM, 14-Nov-2004.)
𝐴 ∈ V    &   ∃!𝑦 𝑥 = 𝐴    &   (𝑥 = 𝐴 → (𝜑𝜓))       (∃!𝑥𝜑 ↔ ∃!𝑦𝜓)

Theoremeuind 3264* Existential uniqueness via an indirect equality. (Contributed by NM, 11-Oct-2010.)
𝐵 ∈ V    &   (𝑥 = 𝑦 → (𝜑𝜓))    &   (𝑥 = 𝑦𝐴 = 𝐵)       ((∀𝑥𝑦((𝜑𝜓) → 𝐴 = 𝐵) ∧ ∃𝑥𝜑) → ∃!𝑧𝑥(𝜑𝑧 = 𝐴))

Theoremreu2 3265* A way to express restricted uniqueness. (Contributed by NM, 22-Nov-1994.)
(∃!𝑥𝐴 𝜑 ↔ (∃𝑥𝐴 𝜑 ∧ ∀𝑥𝐴𝑦𝐴 ((𝜑 ∧ [𝑦 / 𝑥]𝜑) → 𝑥 = 𝑦)))

Theoremreu6 3266* A way to express restricted uniqueness. (Contributed by NM, 20-Oct-2006.)
(∃!𝑥𝐴 𝜑 ↔ ∃𝑦𝐴𝑥𝐴 (𝜑𝑥 = 𝑦))

Theoremreu3 3267* A way to express restricted uniqueness. (Contributed by NM, 24-Oct-2006.)
(∃!𝑥𝐴 𝜑 ↔ (∃𝑥𝐴 𝜑 ∧ ∃𝑦𝐴𝑥𝐴 (𝜑𝑥 = 𝑦)))

Theoremreu6i 3268* A condition which implies existential uniqueness. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 2-Oct-2015.)
((𝐵𝐴 ∧ ∀𝑥𝐴 (𝜑𝑥 = 𝐵)) → ∃!𝑥𝐴 𝜑)

Theoremeqreu 3269* A condition which implies existential uniqueness. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 2-Oct-2015.)
(𝑥 = 𝐵 → (𝜑𝜓))       ((𝐵𝐴𝜓 ∧ ∀𝑥𝐴 (𝜑𝑥 = 𝐵)) → ∃!𝑥𝐴 𝜑)

Theoremrmo4 3270* Restricted "at most one" using implicit substitution. (Contributed by NM, 24-Oct-2006.) (Revised by NM, 16-Jun-2017.)
(𝑥 = 𝑦 → (𝜑𝜓))       (∃*𝑥𝐴 𝜑 ↔ ∀𝑥𝐴𝑦𝐴 ((𝜑𝜓) → 𝑥 = 𝑦))

Theoremreu4 3271* Restricted uniqueness using implicit substitution. (Contributed by NM, 23-Nov-1994.)
(𝑥 = 𝑦 → (𝜑𝜓))       (∃!𝑥𝐴 𝜑 ↔ (∃𝑥𝐴 𝜑 ∧ ∀𝑥𝐴𝑦𝐴 ((𝜑𝜓) → 𝑥 = 𝑦)))

Theoremreu7 3272* Restricted uniqueness using implicit substitution. (Contributed by NM, 24-Oct-2006.)
(𝑥 = 𝑦 → (𝜑𝜓))       (∃!𝑥𝐴 𝜑 ↔ (∃𝑥𝐴 𝜑 ∧ ∃𝑥𝐴𝑦𝐴 (𝜓𝑥 = 𝑦)))

Theoremreu8 3273* Restricted uniqueness using implicit substitution. (Contributed by NM, 24-Oct-2006.)
(𝑥 = 𝑦 → (𝜑𝜓))       (∃!𝑥𝐴 𝜑 ↔ ∃𝑥𝐴 (𝜑 ∧ ∀𝑦𝐴 (𝜓𝑥 = 𝑦)))

Theoremreu2eqd 3274* Deduce equality from restricted uniqueness, deduction version. (Contributed by Thierry Arnoux, 27-Nov-2019.)
(𝑥 = 𝐵 → (𝜓𝜒))    &   (𝑥 = 𝐶 → (𝜓𝜃))    &   (𝜑 → ∃!𝑥𝐴 𝜓)    &   (𝜑𝐵𝐴)    &   (𝜑𝐶𝐴)    &   (𝜑𝜒)    &   (𝜑𝜃)       (𝜑𝐵 = 𝐶)

Theoremreueq 3275* Equality has existential uniqueness. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 1-Sep-2015.)
(𝐵𝐴 ↔ ∃!𝑥𝐴 𝑥 = 𝐵)

Theoremrmoeq 3276* Equality's restricted existential "at most one" property. (Contributed by Thierry Arnoux, 30-Mar-2018.) (Revised by AV, 27-Oct-2020.) (Proof shortened by NM, 29-Oct-2020.)
∃*𝑥𝐵 𝑥 = 𝐴

Theoremrmoan 3277 Restricted "at most one" still holds when a conjunct is added. (Contributed by NM, 16-Jun-2017.)
(∃*𝑥𝐴 𝜑 → ∃*𝑥𝐴 (𝜓𝜑))

Theoremrmoim 3278 Restricted "at most one" is preserved through implication (note wff reversal). (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 17-Jun-2017.)
(∀𝑥𝐴 (𝜑𝜓) → (∃*𝑥𝐴 𝜓 → ∃*𝑥𝐴 𝜑))

Theoremrmoimia 3279 Restricted "at most one" is preserved through implication (note wff reversal). (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 17-Jun-2017.)
(𝑥𝐴 → (𝜑𝜓))       (∃*𝑥𝐴 𝜓 → ∃*𝑥𝐴 𝜑)

Theoremrmoimi2 3280 Restricted "at most one" is preserved through implication (note wff reversal). (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 17-Jun-2017.)
𝑥((𝑥𝐴𝜑) → (𝑥𝐵𝜓))       (∃*𝑥𝐵 𝜓 → ∃*𝑥𝐴 𝜑)

Theorem2reuswap 3281* A condition allowing swap of uniqueness and existential quantifiers. (Contributed by Thierry Arnoux, 7-Apr-2017.) (Revised by NM, 16-Jun-2017.)
(∀𝑥𝐴 ∃*𝑦𝐵 𝜑 → (∃!𝑥𝐴𝑦𝐵 𝜑 → ∃!𝑦𝐵𝑥𝐴 𝜑))

Theoremreuind 3282* Existential uniqueness via an indirect equality. (Contributed by NM, 16-Oct-2010.)
(𝑥 = 𝑦 → (𝜑𝜓))    &   (𝑥 = 𝑦𝐴 = 𝐵)       ((∀𝑥𝑦(((𝐴𝐶𝜑) ∧ (𝐵𝐶𝜓)) → 𝐴 = 𝐵) ∧ ∃𝑥(𝐴𝐶𝜑)) → ∃!𝑧𝐶𝑥((𝐴𝐶𝜑) → 𝑧 = 𝐴))

Theorem2rmorex 3283* Double restricted quantification with "at most one," analogous to 2moex 2435. (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 17-Jun-2017.)
(∃*𝑥𝐴𝑦𝐵 𝜑 → ∀𝑦𝐵 ∃*𝑥𝐴 𝜑)

Theorem2reu5lem1 3284* Lemma for 2reu5 3287. Note that ∃!𝑥𝐴∃!𝑦𝐵𝜑 does not mean "there is exactly one 𝑥 in 𝐴 and exactly one 𝑦 in 𝐵 such that 𝜑 holds;" see comment for 2eu5 2449. (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 17-Jun-2017.)
(∃!𝑥𝐴 ∃!𝑦𝐵 𝜑 ↔ ∃!𝑥∃!𝑦(𝑥𝐴𝑦𝐵𝜑))

Theorem2reu5lem2 3285* Lemma for 2reu5 3287. (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 17-Jun-2017.)
(∀𝑥𝐴 ∃*𝑦𝐵 𝜑 ↔ ∀𝑥∃*𝑦(𝑥𝐴𝑦𝐵𝜑))

Theorem2reu5lem3 3286* Lemma for 2reu5 3287. This lemma is interesting in its own right, showing that existential restriction in the last conjunct (the "at most one" part) is optional; compare rmo2 3396. (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 17-Jun-2017.)
((∃!𝑥𝐴 ∃!𝑦𝐵 𝜑 ∧ ∀𝑥𝐴 ∃*𝑦𝐵 𝜑) ↔ (∃𝑥𝐴𝑦𝐵 𝜑 ∧ ∃𝑧𝑤𝑥𝐴𝑦𝐵 (𝜑 → (𝑥 = 𝑧𝑦 = 𝑤))))

Theorem2reu5 3287* Double restricted existential uniqueness in terms of restricted existential quantification and restricted universal quantification, analogous to 2eu5 2449 and reu3 3267. (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 17-Jun-2017.)
((∃!𝑥𝐴 ∃!𝑦𝐵 𝜑 ∧ ∀𝑥𝐴 ∃*𝑦𝐵 𝜑) ↔ (∃𝑥𝐴𝑦𝐵 𝜑 ∧ ∃𝑧𝐴𝑤𝐵𝑥𝐴𝑦𝐵 (𝜑 → (𝑥 = 𝑧𝑦 = 𝑤))))

Theoremnelrdva 3288* Deduce negative membership from an implication. (Contributed by Thierry Arnoux, 27-Nov-2017.)
((𝜑𝑥𝐴) → 𝑥𝐵)       (𝜑 → ¬ 𝐵𝐴)

2.1.7  Conditional equality (experimental)

This is a very useless definition, which "abbreviates" (𝑥 = 𝑦𝜑) as CondEq(𝑥 = 𝑦𝜑). What this display hides, though, is that the first expression, even though it has a shorter constant string, is actually much more complicated in its parse tree: it is parsed as (wi (wceq (cv vx) (cv vy)) wph), while the CondEq version is parsed as (wcdeq vx vy wph). It also allows us to give a name to the specific 3-ary operation (𝑥 = 𝑦𝜑).

This is all used as part of a metatheorem: we want to say that (𝑥 = 𝑦 → (𝜑(𝑥) ↔ 𝜑(𝑦))) and (𝑥 = 𝑦𝐴(𝑥) = 𝐴(𝑦)) are provable, for any expressions 𝜑(𝑥) or 𝐴(𝑥) in the language. The proof is by induction, so the base case is each of the primitives, which is why you will see a theorem for each of the set.mm primitive operations.

The metatheorem comes with a disjoint variables assumption: every variable in 𝜑(𝑥) is assumed disjoint from 𝑥 except 𝑥 itself. For such a proof by induction, we must consider each of the possible forms of 𝜑(𝑥). If it is a variable other than 𝑥, then we have CondEq(𝑥 = 𝑦𝐴 = 𝐴) or CondEq(𝑥 = 𝑦 → (𝜑𝜑)), which is provable by cdeqth 3293 and reflexivity. Since we are only working with class and wff expressions, it can't be 𝑥 itself in set.mm, but if it was we'd have to also prove CondEq(𝑥 = 𝑦𝑥 = 𝑦) (where set equality is being used on the right).

Otherwise, it is a primitive operation applied to smaller expressions. In these cases, for each setvar variable parameter to the operation, we must consider if it is equal to 𝑥 or not, which yields 2^n proof obligations. Luckily, all primitive operations in set.mm have either zero or one setvar variable, so we only need to prove one statement for the non-set constructors (like implication) and two for the constructors taking a set (the forall and the class builder).

In each of the primitive proofs, we are allowed to assume that 𝑦 is disjoint from 𝜑(𝑥) and vice versa, because this is maintained through the induction. This is how we satisfy the dv conditions of cdeqab1 3298 and cdeqab 3296.

Syntaxwcdeq 3289 Extend wff notation to include conditional equality. This is a technical device used in the proof that is the not-free predicate, and that definitions are conservative as a result.
wff CondEq(𝑥 = 𝑦𝜑)

Definitiondf-cdeq 3290 Define conditional equality. All the notation to the left of the is fake; the parentheses and arrows are all part of the notation, which could equally well be written CondEq𝑥𝑦𝜑. On the right side is the actual implication arrow. The reason for this definition is to "flatten" the structure on the right side (whose tree structure is something like (wi (wceq (cv vx) (cv vy)) wph) ) into just (wcdeq vx vy wph). (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 11-Aug-2016.)
(CondEq(𝑥 = 𝑦𝜑) ↔ (𝑥 = 𝑦𝜑))

Theoremcdeqi 3291 Deduce conditional equality. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 11-Aug-2016.)
(𝑥 = 𝑦𝜑)       CondEq(𝑥 = 𝑦𝜑)

Theoremcdeqri 3292 Property of conditional equality. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 11-Aug-2016.)
CondEq(𝑥 = 𝑦𝜑)       (𝑥 = 𝑦𝜑)

Theoremcdeqth 3293 Deduce conditional equality from a theorem. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 11-Aug-2016.)
𝜑       CondEq(𝑥 = 𝑦𝜑)

Theoremcdeqnot 3294 Distribute conditional equality over negation. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 11-Aug-2016.)
CondEq(𝑥 = 𝑦 → (𝜑𝜓))       CondEq(𝑥 = 𝑦 → (¬ 𝜑 ↔ ¬ 𝜓))

Theoremcdeqal 3295* Distribute conditional equality over quantification. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 11-Aug-2016.)
CondEq(𝑥 = 𝑦 → (𝜑𝜓))       CondEq(𝑥 = 𝑦 → (∀𝑧𝜑 ↔ ∀𝑧𝜓))

Theoremcdeqab 3296* Distribute conditional equality over abstraction. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 11-Aug-2016.)
CondEq(𝑥 = 𝑦 → (𝜑𝜓))       CondEq(𝑥 = 𝑦 → {𝑧𝜑} = {𝑧𝜓})

Theoremcdeqal1 3297* Distribute conditional equality over quantification. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 11-Aug-2016.)
CondEq(𝑥 = 𝑦 → (𝜑𝜓))       CondEq(𝑥 = 𝑦 → (∀𝑥𝜑 ↔ ∀𝑦𝜓))

Theoremcdeqab1 3298* Distribute conditional equality over abstraction. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 11-Aug-2016.)
CondEq(𝑥 = 𝑦 → (𝜑𝜓))       CondEq(𝑥 = 𝑦 → {𝑥𝜑} = {𝑦𝜓})

Theoremcdeqim 3299 Distribute conditional equality over implication. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 11-Aug-2016.)
CondEq(𝑥 = 𝑦 → (𝜑𝜓))    &   CondEq(𝑥 = 𝑦 → (𝜒𝜃))       CondEq(𝑥 = 𝑦 → ((𝜑𝜒) ↔ (𝜓𝜃)))

Theoremcdeqcv 3300 Conditional equality for set-to-class promotion. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 11-Aug-2016.)
CondEq(𝑥 = 𝑦𝑥 = 𝑦)

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