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Theorem List for Metamath Proof Explorer - 33601-33700   *Has distinct variable group(s)
TypeLabelDescription
Statement
 
TheoremintnatN 33601 If the intersection with a non-majorizing element is an atom, the intersecting element is not an atom. (Contributed by NM, 26-Jun-2012.) (New usage is discouraged.)
𝐵 = (Base‘𝐾)    &    = (le‘𝐾)    &    = (meet‘𝐾)    &   𝐴 = (Atoms‘𝐾)       (((𝐾 ∈ HL ∧ 𝑋𝐵𝑌𝐵) ∧ (¬ 𝑌 𝑋 ∧ (𝑋 𝑌) ∈ 𝐴)) → ¬ 𝑌𝐴)
 
Theorem2llnne2N 33602 Condition implying that two intersecting lines are different. (Contributed by NM, 13-Jun-2012.) (New usage is discouraged.)
= (le‘𝐾)    &    = (join‘𝐾)    &   𝐴 = (Atoms‘𝐾)       ((𝐾 ∈ HL ∧ (𝑃𝐴𝑅𝐴) ∧ ¬ 𝑃 (𝑅 𝑄)) → (𝑅 𝑃) ≠ (𝑅 𝑄))
 
Theorem2llnneN 33603 Condition implying that two intersecting lines are different. (Contributed by NM, 29-May-2012.) (New usage is discouraged.)
= (le‘𝐾)    &    = (join‘𝐾)    &   𝐴 = (Atoms‘𝐾)       ((𝐾 ∈ HL ∧ (𝑃𝐴𝑄𝐴𝑅𝐴) ∧ (𝑃𝑄 ∧ ¬ 𝑅 (𝑃 𝑄))) → (𝑅 𝑃) ≠ (𝑅 𝑄))
 
Theoremcvr1 33604 A Hilbert lattice has the covering property. Proposition 1(ii) in [Kalmbach] p. 140 (and its converse). (chcv1 28386 analog.) (Contributed by NM, 17-Nov-2011.)
𝐵 = (Base‘𝐾)    &    = (le‘𝐾)    &    = (join‘𝐾)    &   𝐶 = ( ⋖ ‘𝐾)    &   𝐴 = (Atoms‘𝐾)       ((𝐾 ∈ HL ∧ 𝑋𝐵𝑃𝐴) → (¬ 𝑃 𝑋𝑋𝐶(𝑋 𝑃)))
 
Theoremcvr2N 33605 Less-than and covers equivalence in a Hilbert lattice. (chcv2 28387 analog.) (Contributed by NM, 7-Feb-2012.) (New usage is discouraged.)
𝐵 = (Base‘𝐾)    &    < = (lt‘𝐾)    &    = (join‘𝐾)    &   𝐶 = ( ⋖ ‘𝐾)    &   𝐴 = (Atoms‘𝐾)       ((𝐾 ∈ HL ∧ 𝑋𝐵𝑃𝐴) → (𝑋 < (𝑋 𝑃) ↔ 𝑋𝐶(𝑋 𝑃)))
 
Theoremhlrelat3 33606* The Hilbert lattice is relatively atomic. Stronger version of hlrelat 33596. (Contributed by NM, 2-May-2012.)
𝐵 = (Base‘𝐾)    &    = (le‘𝐾)    &    < = (lt‘𝐾)    &    = (join‘𝐾)    &   𝐶 = ( ⋖ ‘𝐾)    &   𝐴 = (Atoms‘𝐾)       (((𝐾 ∈ HL ∧ 𝑋𝐵𝑌𝐵) ∧ 𝑋 < 𝑌) → ∃𝑝𝐴 (𝑋𝐶(𝑋 𝑝) ∧ (𝑋 𝑝) 𝑌))
 
Theoremcvrval3 33607* Binary relation expressing 𝑌 covers 𝑋. (Contributed by NM, 16-Jun-2012.)
𝐵 = (Base‘𝐾)    &    = (le‘𝐾)    &    = (join‘𝐾)    &   𝐶 = ( ⋖ ‘𝐾)    &   𝐴 = (Atoms‘𝐾)       ((𝐾 ∈ HL ∧ 𝑋𝐵𝑌𝐵) → (𝑋𝐶𝑌 ↔ ∃𝑝𝐴𝑝 𝑋 ∧ (𝑋 𝑝) = 𝑌)))
 
Theoremcvrval4N 33608* Binary relation expressing 𝑌 covers 𝑋. (Contributed by NM, 16-Jun-2012.) (New usage is discouraged.)
𝐵 = (Base‘𝐾)    &    < = (lt‘𝐾)    &    = (join‘𝐾)    &   𝐶 = ( ⋖ ‘𝐾)    &   𝐴 = (Atoms‘𝐾)       ((𝐾 ∈ HL ∧ 𝑋𝐵𝑌𝐵) → (𝑋𝐶𝑌 ↔ (𝑋 < 𝑌 ∧ ∃𝑝𝐴 (𝑋 𝑝) = 𝑌)))
 
Theoremcvrval5 33609* Binary relation expressing 𝑋 covers 𝑋 𝑌. (Contributed by NM, 7-Dec-2012.)
𝐵 = (Base‘𝐾)    &    = (le‘𝐾)    &    = (join‘𝐾)    &    = (meet‘𝐾)    &   𝐶 = ( ⋖ ‘𝐾)    &   𝐴 = (Atoms‘𝐾)       ((𝐾 ∈ HL ∧ 𝑋𝐵𝑌𝐵) → ((𝑋 𝑌)𝐶𝑋 ↔ ∃𝑝𝐴𝑝 𝑌 ∧ (𝑝 (𝑋 𝑌)) = 𝑋)))
 
Theoremcvrp 33610 A Hilbert lattice satisfies the covering property of Definition 7.4 of [MaedaMaeda] p. 31 and its converse. (cvp 28406 analog.) (Contributed by NM, 18-Nov-2011.)
𝐵 = (Base‘𝐾)    &    = (join‘𝐾)    &    = (meet‘𝐾)    &    0 = (0.‘𝐾)    &   𝐶 = ( ⋖ ‘𝐾)    &   𝐴 = (Atoms‘𝐾)       ((𝐾 ∈ HL ∧ 𝑋𝐵𝑃𝐴) → ((𝑋 𝑃) = 0𝑋𝐶(𝑋 𝑃)))
 
Theorematcvr1 33611 An atom is covered by its join with a different atom. (Contributed by NM, 7-Feb-2012.)
= (join‘𝐾)    &   𝐶 = ( ⋖ ‘𝐾)    &   𝐴 = (Atoms‘𝐾)       ((𝐾 ∈ HL ∧ 𝑃𝐴𝑄𝐴) → (𝑃𝑄𝑃𝐶(𝑃 𝑄)))
 
Theorematcvr2 33612 An atom is covered by its join with a different atom. (Contributed by NM, 7-Feb-2012.)
= (join‘𝐾)    &   𝐶 = ( ⋖ ‘𝐾)    &   𝐴 = (Atoms‘𝐾)       ((𝐾 ∈ HL ∧ 𝑃𝐴𝑄𝐴) → (𝑃𝑄𝑃𝐶(𝑄 𝑃)))
 
Theoremcvrexchlem 33613 Lemma for cvrexch 33614. (cvexchlem 28399 analog.) (Contributed by NM, 18-Nov-2011.)
𝐵 = (Base‘𝐾)    &    = (join‘𝐾)    &    = (meet‘𝐾)    &   𝐶 = ( ⋖ ‘𝐾)       ((𝐾 ∈ HL ∧ 𝑋𝐵𝑌𝐵) → ((𝑋 𝑌)𝐶𝑌𝑋𝐶(𝑋 𝑌)))
 
Theoremcvrexch 33614 A Hilbert lattice satisfies the exchange axiom. Proposition 1(iii) of [Kalmbach] p. 140 and its converse. Originally proved by Garrett Birkhoff in 1933. (cvexchi 28400 analog.) (Contributed by NM, 18-Nov-2011.)
𝐵 = (Base‘𝐾)    &    = (join‘𝐾)    &    = (meet‘𝐾)    &   𝐶 = ( ⋖ ‘𝐾)       ((𝐾 ∈ HL ∧ 𝑋𝐵𝑌𝐵) → ((𝑋 𝑌)𝐶𝑌𝑋𝐶(𝑋 𝑌)))
 
Theoremcvratlem 33615 Lemma for cvrat 33616. (atcvatlem 28416 analog.) (Contributed by NM, 22-Nov-2011.)
𝐵 = (Base‘𝐾)    &    < = (lt‘𝐾)    &    = (join‘𝐾)    &    0 = (0.‘𝐾)    &   𝐴 = (Atoms‘𝐾)       (((𝐾 ∈ HL ∧ (𝑋𝐵𝑃𝐴𝑄𝐴)) ∧ (𝑋0𝑋 < (𝑃 𝑄))) → (¬ 𝑃(le‘𝐾)𝑋𝑋𝐴))
 
Theoremcvrat 33616 A nonzero Hilbert lattice element less than the join of two atoms is an atom. (atcvati 28417 analog.) (Contributed by NM, 22-Nov-2011.)
𝐵 = (Base‘𝐾)    &    < = (lt‘𝐾)    &    = (join‘𝐾)    &    0 = (0.‘𝐾)    &   𝐴 = (Atoms‘𝐾)       ((𝐾 ∈ HL ∧ (𝑋𝐵𝑃𝐴𝑄𝐴)) → ((𝑋0𝑋 < (𝑃 𝑄)) → 𝑋𝐴))
 
Theoremltltncvr 33617 A chained strong ordering is not a covers relation. (Contributed by NM, 18-Jun-2012.)
𝐵 = (Base‘𝐾)    &    < = (lt‘𝐾)    &   𝐶 = ( ⋖ ‘𝐾)       ((𝐾𝐴 ∧ (𝑋𝐵𝑌𝐵𝑍𝐵)) → ((𝑋 < 𝑌𝑌 < 𝑍) → ¬ 𝑋𝐶𝑍))
 
Theoremltcvrntr 33618 Non-transitive condition for the covers relation. (Contributed by NM, 18-Jun-2012.)
𝐵 = (Base‘𝐾)    &    < = (lt‘𝐾)    &   𝐶 = ( ⋖ ‘𝐾)       ((𝐾𝐴 ∧ (𝑋𝐵𝑌𝐵𝑍𝐵)) → ((𝑋 < 𝑌𝑌𝐶𝑍) → ¬ 𝑋𝐶𝑍))
 
Theoremcvrntr 33619 The covers relation is not transitive. (cvntr 28323 analog.) (Contributed by NM, 18-Jun-2012.)
𝐵 = (Base‘𝐾)    &   𝐶 = ( ⋖ ‘𝐾)       ((𝐾𝐴 ∧ (𝑋𝐵𝑌𝐵𝑍𝐵)) → ((𝑋𝐶𝑌𝑌𝐶𝑍) → ¬ 𝑋𝐶𝑍))
 
Theorematcvr0eq 33620 The covers relation is not transitive. (atcv0eq 28410 analog.) (Contributed by NM, 29-Nov-2011.)
= (join‘𝐾)    &    0 = (0.‘𝐾)    &   𝐶 = ( ⋖ ‘𝐾)    &   𝐴 = (Atoms‘𝐾)       ((𝐾 ∈ HL ∧ 𝑃𝐴𝑄𝐴) → ( 0 𝐶(𝑃 𝑄) ↔ 𝑃 = 𝑄))
 
Theoremlnnat 33621 A line (the join of two distinct atoms) is not an atom. (Contributed by NM, 14-Jun-2012.)
= (join‘𝐾)    &   𝐴 = (Atoms‘𝐾)       ((𝐾 ∈ HL ∧ 𝑃𝐴𝑄𝐴) → (𝑃𝑄 ↔ ¬ (𝑃 𝑄) ∈ 𝐴))
 
Theorematcvrj0 33622 Two atoms covering the zero subspace are equal. (atcv1 28411 analog.) (Contributed by NM, 29-Nov-2011.)
𝐵 = (Base‘𝐾)    &    = (join‘𝐾)    &    0 = (0.‘𝐾)    &   𝐶 = ( ⋖ ‘𝐾)    &   𝐴 = (Atoms‘𝐾)       ((𝐾 ∈ HL ∧ (𝑋𝐵𝑃𝐴𝑄𝐴) ∧ 𝑋𝐶(𝑃 𝑄)) → (𝑋 = 0𝑃 = 𝑄))
 
Theoremcvrat2 33623 A Hilbert lattice element covered by the join of two distinct atoms is an atom. (atcvat2i 28418 analog.) (Contributed by NM, 30-Nov-2011.)
𝐵 = (Base‘𝐾)    &    = (join‘𝐾)    &   𝐶 = ( ⋖ ‘𝐾)    &   𝐴 = (Atoms‘𝐾)       ((𝐾 ∈ HL ∧ (𝑋𝐵𝑃𝐴𝑄𝐴) ∧ (𝑃𝑄𝑋𝐶(𝑃 𝑄))) → 𝑋𝐴)
 
TheorematcvrneN 33624 Inequality derived from atom condition. (Contributed by NM, 7-Feb-2012.) (New usage is discouraged.)
= (join‘𝐾)    &   𝐶 = ( ⋖ ‘𝐾)    &   𝐴 = (Atoms‘𝐾)       ((𝐾 ∈ HL ∧ (𝑃𝐴𝑄𝐴𝑅𝐴) ∧ 𝑃𝐶(𝑄 𝑅)) → 𝑄𝑅)
 
Theorematcvrj1 33625 Condition for an atom to be covered by the join of two others. (Contributed by NM, 7-Feb-2012.)
= (le‘𝐾)    &    = (join‘𝐾)    &   𝐶 = ( ⋖ ‘𝐾)    &   𝐴 = (Atoms‘𝐾)       ((𝐾 ∈ HL ∧ (𝑃𝐴𝑄𝐴𝑅𝐴) ∧ (𝑃𝑅𝑃 (𝑄 𝑅))) → 𝑃𝐶(𝑄 𝑅))
 
Theorematcvrj2b 33626 Condition for an atom to be covered by the join of two others. (Contributed by NM, 7-Feb-2012.)
= (le‘𝐾)    &    = (join‘𝐾)    &   𝐶 = ( ⋖ ‘𝐾)    &   𝐴 = (Atoms‘𝐾)       ((𝐾 ∈ HL ∧ (𝑃𝐴𝑄𝐴𝑅𝐴)) → ((𝑄𝑅𝑃 (𝑄 𝑅)) ↔ 𝑃𝐶(𝑄 𝑅)))
 
Theorematcvrj2 33627 Condition for an atom to be covered by the join of two others. (Contributed by NM, 7-Feb-2012.)
= (le‘𝐾)    &    = (join‘𝐾)    &   𝐶 = ( ⋖ ‘𝐾)    &   𝐴 = (Atoms‘𝐾)       ((𝐾 ∈ HL ∧ (𝑃𝐴𝑄𝐴𝑅𝐴) ∧ (𝑄𝑅𝑃 (𝑄 𝑅))) → 𝑃𝐶(𝑄 𝑅))
 
TheorematleneN 33628 Inequality derived from atom condition. (Contributed by NM, 7-Feb-2012.) (New usage is discouraged.)
= (le‘𝐾)    &    = (join‘𝐾)    &   𝐴 = (Atoms‘𝐾)       ((𝐾 ∈ HL ∧ (𝑃𝐴𝑄𝐴𝑅𝐴) ∧ (𝑃𝑅𝑃 (𝑄 𝑅))) → 𝑄𝑅)
 
Theorematltcvr 33629 An equivalence of less-than ordering and covers relation. (Contributed by NM, 7-Feb-2012.)
< = (lt‘𝐾)    &    = (join‘𝐾)    &   𝐴 = (Atoms‘𝐾)    &   𝐶 = ( ⋖ ‘𝐾)       ((𝐾 ∈ HL ∧ (𝑃𝐴𝑄𝐴𝑅𝐴)) → (𝑃 < (𝑄 𝑅) ↔ 𝑃𝐶(𝑄 𝑅)))
 
Theorematle 33630* Any nonzero element has an atom under it. (Contributed by NM, 28-Jun-2012.)
𝐵 = (Base‘𝐾)    &    = (le‘𝐾)    &    0 = (0.‘𝐾)    &   𝐴 = (Atoms‘𝐾)       ((𝐾 ∈ HL ∧ 𝑋𝐵𝑋0 ) → ∃𝑝𝐴 𝑝 𝑋)
 
Theorematlt 33631 Two atoms are unequal iff their join is greater than one of them. (Contributed by NM, 6-May-2012.)
< = (lt‘𝐾)    &    = (join‘𝐾)    &   𝐴 = (Atoms‘𝐾)       ((𝐾 ∈ HL ∧ 𝑃𝐴𝑄𝐴) → (𝑃 < (𝑃 𝑄) ↔ 𝑃𝑄))
 
Theorematlelt 33632 Transfer less-than relation from one atom to another. (Contributed by NM, 7-May-2012.)
𝐵 = (Base‘𝐾)    &    = (le‘𝐾)    &    < = (lt‘𝐾)    &   𝐴 = (Atoms‘𝐾)       ((𝐾 ∈ HL ∧ (𝑃𝐴𝑄𝐴𝑋𝐵) ∧ (𝑃 𝑋𝑄 < 𝑋)) → 𝑃 < 𝑋)
 
Theorem2atlt 33633* Given an atom less than an element, there is another atom less than the element. (Contributed by NM, 6-May-2012.)
𝐵 = (Base‘𝐾)    &    < = (lt‘𝐾)    &   𝐴 = (Atoms‘𝐾)       (((𝐾 ∈ HL ∧ 𝑃𝐴𝑋𝐵) ∧ 𝑃 < 𝑋) → ∃𝑞𝐴 (𝑞𝑃𝑞 < 𝑋))
 
TheorematexchcvrN 33634 Atom exchange property. Version of hlatexch2 33590 with covers relation. (Contributed by NM, 7-Feb-2012.) (New usage is discouraged.)
= (join‘𝐾)    &   𝐴 = (Atoms‘𝐾)    &   𝐶 = ( ⋖ ‘𝐾)       ((𝐾 ∈ HL ∧ (𝑃𝐴𝑄𝐴𝑅𝐴) ∧ 𝑃𝑅) → (𝑃𝐶(𝑄 𝑅) → 𝑄𝐶(𝑃 𝑅)))
 
TheorematexchltN 33635 Atom exchange property. Version of hlatexch2 33590 with less-than ordering. (Contributed by NM, 7-Feb-2012.) (New usage is discouraged.)
< = (lt‘𝐾)    &    = (join‘𝐾)    &   𝐴 = (Atoms‘𝐾)       ((𝐾 ∈ HL ∧ (𝑃𝐴𝑄𝐴𝑅𝐴) ∧ 𝑃𝑅) → (𝑃 < (𝑄 𝑅) → 𝑄 < (𝑃 𝑅)))
 
Theoremcvrat3 33636 A condition implying that a certain lattice element is an atom. Part of Lemma 3.2.20 of [PtakPulmannova] p. 68. (atcvat3i 28427 analog.) (Contributed by NM, 30-Nov-2011.)
𝐵 = (Base‘𝐾)    &    = (le‘𝐾)    &    = (join‘𝐾)    &    = (meet‘𝐾)    &   𝐴 = (Atoms‘𝐾)       ((𝐾 ∈ HL ∧ (𝑋𝐵𝑃𝐴𝑄𝐴)) → ((𝑃𝑄 ∧ ¬ 𝑄 𝑋𝑃 (𝑋 𝑄)) → (𝑋 (𝑃 𝑄)) ∈ 𝐴))
 
Theoremcvrat4 33637* A condition implying existence of an atom with the properties shown. Lemma 3.2.20 in [PtakPulmannova] p. 68. Also Lemma 9.2(delta) in [MaedaMaeda] p. 41. (atcvat4i 28428 analog.) (Contributed by NM, 30-Nov-2011.)
𝐵 = (Base‘𝐾)    &    = (le‘𝐾)    &    = (join‘𝐾)    &    0 = (0.‘𝐾)    &   𝐴 = (Atoms‘𝐾)       ((𝐾 ∈ HL ∧ (𝑋𝐵𝑃𝐴𝑄𝐴)) → ((𝑋0𝑃 (𝑋 𝑄)) → ∃𝑟𝐴 (𝑟 𝑋𝑃 (𝑄 𝑟))))
 
Theoremcvrat42 33638* Commuted version of cvrat4 33637. (Contributed by NM, 28-Jan-2012.)
𝐵 = (Base‘𝐾)    &    = (le‘𝐾)    &    = (join‘𝐾)    &    0 = (0.‘𝐾)    &   𝐴 = (Atoms‘𝐾)       ((𝐾 ∈ HL ∧ (𝑋𝐵𝑃𝐴𝑄𝐴)) → ((𝑋0𝑃 (𝑋 𝑄)) → ∃𝑟𝐴 (𝑟 𝑋𝑃 (𝑟 𝑄))))
 
Theorem2atjm 33639 The meet of a line (expressed with 2 atoms) and a lattice element. (Contributed by NM, 30-Jul-2012.)
𝐵 = (Base‘𝐾)    &    = (le‘𝐾)    &    = (join‘𝐾)    &    = (meet‘𝐾)    &   𝐴 = (Atoms‘𝐾)       ((𝐾 ∈ HL ∧ (𝑃𝐴𝑄𝐴𝑋𝐵) ∧ (𝑃 𝑋 ∧ ¬ 𝑄 𝑋)) → ((𝑃 𝑄) 𝑋) = 𝑃)
 
Theorematbtwn 33640 Property of a 3rd atom 𝑅 on a line 𝑃 𝑄 intersecting element 𝑋 at 𝑃. (Contributed by NM, 30-Jul-2012.)
𝐵 = (Base‘𝐾)    &    = (le‘𝐾)    &    = (join‘𝐾)    &   𝐴 = (Atoms‘𝐾)       (((𝐾 ∈ HL ∧ 𝑃𝐴𝑄𝐴) ∧ (𝑅𝐴𝑋𝐵) ∧ (𝑃 𝑋 ∧ ¬ 𝑄 𝑋𝑅 (𝑃 𝑄))) → (𝑅𝑃 ↔ ¬ 𝑅 𝑋))
 
TheorematbtwnexOLDN 33641* There exists a 3rd atom 𝑟 on a line 𝑃 𝑄 intersecting element 𝑋 at 𝑃, such that 𝑟 is different from 𝑄 and not in 𝑋. (Contributed by NM, 30-Jul-2012.) (New usage is discouraged.)
𝐵 = (Base‘𝐾)    &    = (le‘𝐾)    &    = (join‘𝐾)    &   𝐴 = (Atoms‘𝐾)       (((𝐾 ∈ HL ∧ 𝑃𝐴𝑄𝐴) ∧ (𝑋𝐵𝑃 𝑋 ∧ ¬ 𝑄 𝑋)) → ∃𝑟𝐴 (𝑟𝑄 ∧ ¬ 𝑟 𝑋𝑟 (𝑃 𝑄)))
 
Theorematbtwnex 33642* Given atoms 𝑃 in 𝑋 and 𝑄 not in 𝑋, there exists an atom 𝑟 not in 𝑋 such that the line 𝑄 𝑟 intersects 𝑋 at 𝑃. (Contributed by NM, 1-Aug-2012.)
𝐵 = (Base‘𝐾)    &    = (le‘𝐾)    &    = (join‘𝐾)    &   𝐴 = (Atoms‘𝐾)       (((𝐾 ∈ HL ∧ 𝑃𝐴𝑄𝐴) ∧ (𝑋𝐵𝑃 𝑋 ∧ ¬ 𝑄 𝑋)) → ∃𝑟𝐴 (𝑟𝑄 ∧ ¬ 𝑟 𝑋𝑃 (𝑄 𝑟)))
 
Theorem3noncolr2 33643 Two ways to express 3 non-colinear atoms (rotated right 2 places). (Contributed by NM, 12-Jul-2012.)
= (le‘𝐾)    &    = (join‘𝐾)    &   𝐴 = (Atoms‘𝐾)       ((𝐾 ∈ HL ∧ (𝑃𝐴𝑄𝐴𝑅𝐴) ∧ (𝑃𝑄 ∧ ¬ 𝑅 (𝑃 𝑄))) → (𝑄𝑅 ∧ ¬ 𝑃 (𝑄 𝑅)))
 
Theorem3noncolr1N 33644 Two ways to express 3 non-colinear atoms (rotated right 1 place). (Contributed by NM, 12-Jul-2012.) (New usage is discouraged.)
= (le‘𝐾)    &    = (join‘𝐾)    &   𝐴 = (Atoms‘𝐾)       ((𝐾 ∈ HL ∧ (𝑃𝐴𝑄𝐴𝑅𝐴) ∧ (𝑃𝑄 ∧ ¬ 𝑅 (𝑃 𝑄))) → (𝑅𝑃 ∧ ¬ 𝑄 (𝑅 𝑃)))
 
Theoremhlatcon3 33645 Atom exchange combined with contraposition. (Contributed by NM, 13-Jun-2012.)
= (le‘𝐾)    &    = (join‘𝐾)    &   𝐴 = (Atoms‘𝐾)       ((𝐾 ∈ HL ∧ (𝑃𝐴𝑄𝐴𝑅𝐴) ∧ (𝑃𝑄 ∧ ¬ 𝑅 (𝑃 𝑄))) → ¬ 𝑃 (𝑄 𝑅))
 
Theoremhlatcon2 33646 Atom exchange combined with contraposition. (Contributed by NM, 13-Jun-2012.)
= (le‘𝐾)    &    = (join‘𝐾)    &   𝐴 = (Atoms‘𝐾)       ((𝐾 ∈ HL ∧ (𝑃𝐴𝑄𝐴𝑅𝐴) ∧ (𝑃𝑄 ∧ ¬ 𝑅 (𝑃 𝑄))) → ¬ 𝑃 (𝑅 𝑄))
 
Theorem4noncolr3 33647 A way to express 4 non-colinear atoms (rotated right 3 places). (Contributed by NM, 11-Jul-2012.)
= (le‘𝐾)    &    = (join‘𝐾)    &   𝐴 = (Atoms‘𝐾)       (((𝐾 ∈ HL ∧ 𝑃𝐴𝑄𝐴) ∧ (𝑅𝐴𝑆𝐴) ∧ (𝑃𝑄 ∧ ¬ 𝑅 (𝑃 𝑄) ∧ ¬ 𝑆 ((𝑃 𝑄) 𝑅))) → (𝑄𝑅 ∧ ¬ 𝑆 (𝑄 𝑅) ∧ ¬ 𝑃 ((𝑄 𝑅) 𝑆)))
 
Theorem4noncolr2 33648 A way to express 4 non-colinear atoms (rotated right 2 places). (Contributed by NM, 11-Jul-2012.)
= (le‘𝐾)    &    = (join‘𝐾)    &   𝐴 = (Atoms‘𝐾)       (((𝐾 ∈ HL ∧ 𝑃𝐴𝑄𝐴) ∧ (𝑅𝐴𝑆𝐴) ∧ (𝑃𝑄 ∧ ¬ 𝑅 (𝑃 𝑄) ∧ ¬ 𝑆 ((𝑃 𝑄) 𝑅))) → (𝑅𝑆 ∧ ¬ 𝑃 (𝑅 𝑆) ∧ ¬ 𝑄 ((𝑅 𝑆) 𝑃)))
 
Theorem4noncolr1 33649 A way to express 4 non-colinear atoms (rotated right 1 places). (Contributed by NM, 11-Jul-2012.)
= (le‘𝐾)    &    = (join‘𝐾)    &   𝐴 = (Atoms‘𝐾)       (((𝐾 ∈ HL ∧ 𝑃𝐴𝑄𝐴) ∧ (𝑅𝐴𝑆𝐴) ∧ (𝑃𝑄 ∧ ¬ 𝑅 (𝑃 𝑄) ∧ ¬ 𝑆 ((𝑃 𝑄) 𝑅))) → (𝑆𝑃 ∧ ¬ 𝑄 (𝑆 𝑃) ∧ ¬ 𝑅 ((𝑆 𝑃) 𝑄)))
 
Theoremathgt 33650* A Hilbert lattice, whose height is at least 4, has a chain of 4 successively covering atom joins. (Contributed by NM, 3-May-2012.)
= (join‘𝐾)    &   𝐶 = ( ⋖ ‘𝐾)    &   𝐴 = (Atoms‘𝐾)       (𝐾 ∈ HL → ∃𝑝𝐴𝑞𝐴 (𝑝𝐶(𝑝 𝑞) ∧ ∃𝑟𝐴 ((𝑝 𝑞)𝐶((𝑝 𝑞) 𝑟) ∧ ∃𝑠𝐴 ((𝑝 𝑞) 𝑟)𝐶(((𝑝 𝑞) 𝑟) 𝑠))))
 
Theorem3dim0 33651* There exists a 3-dimensional (height-4) element i.e. a volume. (Contributed by NM, 25-Jul-2012.)
= (join‘𝐾)    &    = (le‘𝐾)    &   𝐴 = (Atoms‘𝐾)       (𝐾 ∈ HL → ∃𝑝𝐴𝑞𝐴𝑟𝐴𝑠𝐴 (𝑝𝑞 ∧ ¬ 𝑟 (𝑝 𝑞) ∧ ¬ 𝑠 ((𝑝 𝑞) 𝑟)))
 
Theorem3dimlem1 33652 Lemma for 3dim1 33661. (Contributed by NM, 25-Jul-2012.)
= (join‘𝐾)    &    = (le‘𝐾)    &   𝐴 = (Atoms‘𝐾)       (((𝑄𝑅 ∧ ¬ 𝑆 (𝑄 𝑅) ∧ ¬ 𝑇 ((𝑄 𝑅) 𝑆)) ∧ 𝑃 = 𝑄) → (𝑃𝑅 ∧ ¬ 𝑆 (𝑃 𝑅) ∧ ¬ 𝑇 ((𝑃 𝑅) 𝑆)))
 
Theorem3dimlem2 33653 Lemma for 3dim1 33661. (Contributed by NM, 25-Jul-2012.)
= (join‘𝐾)    &    = (le‘𝐾)    &   𝐴 = (Atoms‘𝐾)       (((𝐾 ∈ HL ∧ 𝑃𝐴𝑄𝐴) ∧ (𝑅𝐴 ∧ ¬ 𝑆 (𝑄 𝑅) ∧ ¬ 𝑇 ((𝑄 𝑅) 𝑆)) ∧ (𝑃𝑄𝑃 (𝑄 𝑅))) → (𝑃𝑄 ∧ ¬ 𝑆 (𝑃 𝑄) ∧ ¬ 𝑇 ((𝑃 𝑄) 𝑆)))
 
Theorem3dimlem3a 33654 Lemma for 3dim3 33663. (Contributed by NM, 27-Jul-2012.)
= (join‘𝐾)    &    = (le‘𝐾)    &   𝐴 = (Atoms‘𝐾)       (((𝐾 ∈ HL ∧ 𝑃𝐴𝑄𝐴) ∧ (𝑅𝐴𝑆𝐴) ∧ (¬ 𝑇 ((𝑄 𝑅) 𝑆) ∧ ¬ 𝑃 (𝑄 𝑅) ∧ 𝑃 ((𝑄 𝑅) 𝑆))) → ¬ 𝑇 ((𝑃 𝑄) 𝑅))
 
Theorem3dimlem3 33655 Lemma for 3dim1 33661. (Contributed by NM, 25-Jul-2012.)
= (join‘𝐾)    &    = (le‘𝐾)    &   𝐴 = (Atoms‘𝐾)       ((((𝐾 ∈ HL ∧ 𝑃𝐴𝑄𝐴) ∧ (𝑅𝐴𝑆𝐴) ∧ (𝑄𝑅 ∧ ¬ 𝑇 ((𝑄 𝑅) 𝑆))) ∧ (𝑃𝑄 ∧ ¬ 𝑃 (𝑄 𝑅) ∧ 𝑃 ((𝑄 𝑅) 𝑆))) → (𝑃𝑄 ∧ ¬ 𝑅 (𝑃 𝑄) ∧ ¬ 𝑇 ((𝑃 𝑄) 𝑅)))
 
Theorem3dimlem3OLDN 33656 Lemma for 3dim1 33661. (Contributed by NM, 25-Jul-2012.) (Proof modification is discouraged.) (New usage is discouraged.)
= (join‘𝐾)    &    = (le‘𝐾)    &   𝐴 = (Atoms‘𝐾)       ((((𝐾 ∈ HL ∧ 𝑃𝐴𝑄𝐴) ∧ (𝑅𝐴𝑆𝐴) ∧ (𝑄𝑅 ∧ ¬ 𝑇 ((𝑄 𝑅) 𝑆))) ∧ (𝑃𝑄 ∧ ¬ 𝑃 (𝑄 𝑅) ∧ 𝑃 ((𝑄 𝑅) 𝑆))) → (𝑃𝑄 ∧ ¬ 𝑅 (𝑃 𝑄) ∧ ¬ 𝑇 ((𝑃 𝑄) 𝑅)))
 
Theorem3dimlem4a 33657 Lemma for 3dim3 33663. (Contributed by NM, 27-Jul-2012.)
= (join‘𝐾)    &    = (le‘𝐾)    &   𝐴 = (Atoms‘𝐾)       (((𝐾 ∈ HL ∧ 𝑃𝐴𝑄𝐴) ∧ (𝑅𝐴𝑆𝐴) ∧ (¬ 𝑆 (𝑄 𝑅) ∧ ¬ 𝑃 (𝑄 𝑅) ∧ ¬ 𝑃 ((𝑄 𝑅) 𝑆))) → ¬ 𝑆 ((𝑃 𝑄) 𝑅))
 
Theorem3dimlem4 33658 Lemma for 3dim1 33661. (Contributed by NM, 25-Jul-2012.)
= (join‘𝐾)    &    = (le‘𝐾)    &   𝐴 = (Atoms‘𝐾)       ((((𝐾 ∈ HL ∧ 𝑃𝐴𝑄𝐴) ∧ (𝑅𝐴𝑆𝐴) ∧ (𝑄𝑅 ∧ ¬ 𝑆 (𝑄 𝑅))) ∧ (𝑃𝑄 ∧ ¬ 𝑃 (𝑄 𝑅)) ∧ ¬ 𝑃 ((𝑄 𝑅) 𝑆)) → (𝑃𝑄 ∧ ¬ 𝑅 (𝑃 𝑄) ∧ ¬ 𝑆 ((𝑃 𝑄) 𝑅)))
 
Theorem3dimlem4OLDN 33659 Lemma for 3dim1 33661. (Contributed by NM, 25-Jul-2012.) (Proof modification is discouraged.) (New usage is discouraged.)
= (join‘𝐾)    &    = (le‘𝐾)    &   𝐴 = (Atoms‘𝐾)       ((((𝐾 ∈ HL ∧ 𝑃𝐴𝑄𝐴) ∧ (𝑅𝐴𝑆𝐴) ∧ (𝑄𝑅 ∧ ¬ 𝑆 (𝑄 𝑅))) ∧ (𝑃𝑄 ∧ ¬ 𝑃 (𝑄 𝑅)) ∧ ¬ 𝑃 ((𝑄 𝑅) 𝑆)) → (𝑃𝑄 ∧ ¬ 𝑅 (𝑃 𝑄) ∧ ¬ 𝑆 ((𝑃 𝑄) 𝑅)))
 
Theorem3dim1lem5 33660* Lemma for 3dim1 33661. (Contributed by NM, 26-Jul-2012.)
= (join‘𝐾)    &    = (le‘𝐾)    &   𝐴 = (Atoms‘𝐾)       (((𝑢𝐴𝑣𝐴𝑤𝐴) ∧ (𝑃𝑢 ∧ ¬ 𝑣 (𝑃 𝑢) ∧ ¬ 𝑤 ((𝑃 𝑢) 𝑣))) → ∃𝑞𝐴𝑟𝐴𝑠𝐴 (𝑃𝑞 ∧ ¬ 𝑟 (𝑃 𝑞) ∧ ¬ 𝑠 ((𝑃 𝑞) 𝑟)))
 
Theorem3dim1 33661* Construct a 3-dimensional volume (height-4 element) on top of a given atom 𝑃. (Contributed by NM, 25-Jul-2012.)
= (join‘𝐾)    &    = (le‘𝐾)    &   𝐴 = (Atoms‘𝐾)       ((𝐾 ∈ HL ∧ 𝑃𝐴) → ∃𝑞𝐴𝑟𝐴𝑠𝐴 (𝑃𝑞 ∧ ¬ 𝑟 (𝑃 𝑞) ∧ ¬ 𝑠 ((𝑃 𝑞) 𝑟)))
 
Theorem3dim2 33662* Construct 2 new layers on top of 2 given atoms. (Contributed by NM, 27-Jul-2012.)
= (join‘𝐾)    &    = (le‘𝐾)    &   𝐴 = (Atoms‘𝐾)       ((𝐾 ∈ HL ∧ 𝑃𝐴𝑄𝐴) → ∃𝑟𝐴𝑠𝐴𝑟 (𝑃 𝑄) ∧ ¬ 𝑠 ((𝑃 𝑄) 𝑟)))
 
Theorem3dim3 33663* Construct a new layer on top of 3 given atoms. (Contributed by NM, 27-Jul-2012.)
= (join‘𝐾)    &    = (le‘𝐾)    &   𝐴 = (Atoms‘𝐾)       ((𝐾 ∈ HL ∧ (𝑃𝐴𝑄𝐴𝑅𝐴)) → ∃𝑠𝐴 ¬ 𝑠 ((𝑃 𝑄) 𝑅))
 
Theorem2dim 33664* Generate a height-3 element (2-dimensional plane) from an atom. (Contributed by NM, 3-May-2012.)
= (join‘𝐾)    &   𝐶 = ( ⋖ ‘𝐾)    &   𝐴 = (Atoms‘𝐾)       ((𝐾 ∈ HL ∧ 𝑃𝐴) → ∃𝑞𝐴𝑟𝐴 (𝑃𝐶(𝑃 𝑞) ∧ (𝑃 𝑞)𝐶((𝑃 𝑞) 𝑟)))
 
Theorem1dimN 33665* An atom is covered by a height-2 element (1-dimensional line). (Contributed by NM, 3-May-2012.) (New usage is discouraged.)
= (join‘𝐾)    &   𝐶 = ( ⋖ ‘𝐾)    &   𝐴 = (Atoms‘𝐾)       ((𝐾 ∈ HL ∧ 𝑃𝐴) → ∃𝑞𝐴 𝑃𝐶(𝑃 𝑞))
 
Theorem1cvrco 33666 The orthocomplement of an element covered by 1 is an atom. (Contributed by NM, 7-May-2012.)
𝐵 = (Base‘𝐾)    &    1 = (1.‘𝐾)    &    = (oc‘𝐾)    &   𝐶 = ( ⋖ ‘𝐾)    &   𝐴 = (Atoms‘𝐾)       ((𝐾 ∈ HL ∧ 𝑋𝐵) → (𝑋𝐶 1 ↔ ( 𝑋) ∈ 𝐴))
 
Theorem1cvratex 33667* There exists an atom less than an element covered by 1. (Contributed by NM, 7-May-2012.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 13-Jun-2014.)
𝐵 = (Base‘𝐾)    &    < = (lt‘𝐾)    &    1 = (1.‘𝐾)    &   𝐶 = ( ⋖ ‘𝐾)    &   𝐴 = (Atoms‘𝐾)       ((𝐾 ∈ HL ∧ 𝑋𝐵𝑋𝐶 1 ) → ∃𝑝𝐴 𝑝 < 𝑋)
 
Theorem1cvratlt 33668 An atom less than or equal to an element covered by 1 is less than the element. (Contributed by NM, 7-May-2012.)
𝐵 = (Base‘𝐾)    &    = (le‘𝐾)    &    < = (lt‘𝐾)    &    1 = (1.‘𝐾)    &   𝐶 = ( ⋖ ‘𝐾)    &   𝐴 = (Atoms‘𝐾)       (((𝐾 ∈ HL ∧ 𝑃𝐴𝑋𝐵) ∧ (𝑋𝐶 1𝑃 𝑋)) → 𝑃 < 𝑋)
 
Theorem1cvrjat 33669 An element covered by the lattice unit, when joined with an atom not under it, equals the lattice unit. (Contributed by NM, 30-Apr-2012.)
𝐵 = (Base‘𝐾)    &    = (le‘𝐾)    &    = (join‘𝐾)    &    1 = (1.‘𝐾)    &   𝐶 = ( ⋖ ‘𝐾)    &   𝐴 = (Atoms‘𝐾)       (((𝐾 ∈ HL ∧ 𝑋𝐵𝑃𝐴) ∧ (𝑋𝐶 1 ∧ ¬ 𝑃 𝑋)) → (𝑋 𝑃) = 1 )
 
Theorem1cvrat 33670 Create an atom under an element covered by the lattice unit. Part of proof of Lemma B in [Crawley] p. 112. (Contributed by NM, 30-Apr-2012.)
𝐵 = (Base‘𝐾)    &    = (le‘𝐾)    &    = (join‘𝐾)    &    = (meet‘𝐾)    &    1 = (1.‘𝐾)    &   𝐶 = ( ⋖ ‘𝐾)    &   𝐴 = (Atoms‘𝐾)       ((𝐾 ∈ HL ∧ (𝑃𝐴𝑄𝐴𝑋𝐵) ∧ (𝑃𝑄𝑋𝐶 1 ∧ ¬ 𝑃 𝑋)) → ((𝑃 𝑄) 𝑋) ∈ 𝐴)
 
Theoremps-1 33671 The join of two atoms 𝑅 𝑆 (specifying a projective geometry line) is determined uniquely by any two atoms (specifying two points) less than or equal to that join. Part of Lemma 16.4 of [MaedaMaeda] p. 69, showing projective space postulate PS1 in [MaedaMaeda] p. 67. (Contributed by NM, 15-Nov-2011.)
= (le‘𝐾)    &    = (join‘𝐾)    &   𝐴 = (Atoms‘𝐾)       ((𝐾 ∈ HL ∧ (𝑃𝐴𝑄𝐴𝑃𝑄) ∧ (𝑅𝐴𝑆𝐴)) → ((𝑃 𝑄) (𝑅 𝑆) ↔ (𝑃 𝑄) = (𝑅 𝑆)))
 
Theoremps-2 33672* Lattice analogue for the projective geometry axiom, "if a line intersects two sides of a triangle at different points then it also intersects the third side." Projective space condition PS2 in [MaedaMaeda] p. 68 and part of Theorem 16.4 in [MaedaMaeda] p. 69. (Contributed by NM, 1-Dec-2011.)
= (le‘𝐾)    &    = (join‘𝐾)    &   𝐴 = (Atoms‘𝐾)       (((𝐾 ∈ HL ∧ (𝑃𝐴𝑄𝐴𝑅𝐴) ∧ (𝑆𝐴𝑇𝐴)) ∧ ((¬ 𝑃 (𝑄 𝑅) ∧ 𝑆𝑇) ∧ (𝑆 (𝑃 𝑄) ∧ 𝑇 (𝑄 𝑅)))) → ∃𝑢𝐴 (𝑢 (𝑃 𝑅) ∧ 𝑢 (𝑆 𝑇)))
 
Theorem2atjlej 33673 Two atoms are different if their join majorizes the join of two different atoms. (Contributed by NM, 4-Jun-2013.)
= (le‘𝐾)    &    = (join‘𝐾)    &   𝐴 = (Atoms‘𝐾)       ((𝐾 ∈ HL ∧ (𝑃𝐴𝑄𝐴𝑃𝑄) ∧ (𝑅𝐴𝑆𝐴 ∧ (𝑃 𝑄) (𝑅 𝑆))) → 𝑅𝑆)
 
Theoremhlatexch3N 33674 Rearrange join of atoms in an equality. (Contributed by NM, 29-Jul-2013.) (New usage is discouraged.)
= (join‘𝐾)    &   𝐴 = (Atoms‘𝐾)       ((𝐾 ∈ HL ∧ (𝑃𝐴𝑄𝐴𝑅𝐴) ∧ (𝑄𝑅 ∧ (𝑃 𝑄) = (𝑃 𝑅))) → (𝑃 𝑄) = (𝑄 𝑅))
 
Theoremhlatexch4 33675 Exchange 2 atoms. (Contributed by NM, 13-May-2013.)
= (join‘𝐾)    &   𝐴 = (Atoms‘𝐾)       (((𝐾 ∈ HL ∧ 𝑃𝐴𝑄𝐴) ∧ (𝑅𝐴𝑆𝐴) ∧ (𝑃𝑅𝑄𝑆 ∧ (𝑃 𝑄) = (𝑅 𝑆))) → (𝑃 𝑅) = (𝑄 𝑆))
 
Theoremps-2b 33676 Variation of projective geometry axiom ps-2 33672. (Contributed by NM, 3-Jul-2012.)
= (le‘𝐾)    &    = (join‘𝐾)    &    = (meet‘𝐾)    &    0 = (0.‘𝐾)    &   𝐴 = (Atoms‘𝐾)       (((𝐾 ∈ HL ∧ 𝑃𝐴𝑄𝐴) ∧ (𝑅𝐴𝑆𝐴𝑇𝐴) ∧ (¬ 𝑃 (𝑄 𝑅) ∧ 𝑆𝑇 ∧ (𝑆 (𝑃 𝑄) ∧ 𝑇 (𝑄 𝑅)))) → ((𝑃 𝑅) (𝑆 𝑇)) ≠ 0 )
 
Theorem3atlem1 33677 Lemma for 3at 33684. (Contributed by NM, 22-Jun-2012.)
= (le‘𝐾)    &    = (join‘𝐾)    &   𝐴 = (Atoms‘𝐾)       (((𝐾 ∈ HL ∧ (𝑃𝐴𝑄𝐴𝑅𝐴) ∧ (𝑆𝐴𝑇𝐴𝑈𝐴)) ∧ (¬ 𝑅 (𝑃 𝑄) ∧ ¬ 𝑃 (𝑇 𝑈) ∧ ¬ 𝑄 (𝑃 𝑈)) ∧ ((𝑃 𝑄) 𝑅) ((𝑆 𝑇) 𝑈)) → ((𝑃 𝑄) 𝑅) = ((𝑆 𝑇) 𝑈))
 
Theorem3atlem2 33678 Lemma for 3at 33684. (Contributed by NM, 22-Jun-2012.)
= (le‘𝐾)    &    = (join‘𝐾)    &   𝐴 = (Atoms‘𝐾)       (((𝐾 ∈ HL ∧ (𝑃𝐴𝑄𝐴𝑅𝐴) ∧ (𝑆𝐴𝑇𝐴𝑈𝐴)) ∧ (¬ 𝑅 (𝑃 𝑄) ∧ (𝑃𝑈𝑃 (𝑇 𝑈)) ∧ ¬ 𝑄 (𝑃 𝑈)) ∧ ((𝑃 𝑄) 𝑅) ((𝑆 𝑇) 𝑈)) → ((𝑃 𝑄) 𝑅) = ((𝑆 𝑇) 𝑈))
 
Theorem3atlem3 33679 Lemma for 3at 33684. (Contributed by NM, 23-Jun-2012.)
= (le‘𝐾)    &    = (join‘𝐾)    &   𝐴 = (Atoms‘𝐾)       (((𝐾 ∈ HL ∧ (𝑃𝐴𝑄𝐴𝑅𝐴) ∧ (𝑆𝐴𝑇𝐴𝑈𝐴)) ∧ (¬ 𝑅 (𝑃 𝑄) ∧ 𝑃𝑈 ∧ ¬ 𝑄 (𝑃 𝑈)) ∧ ((𝑃 𝑄) 𝑅) ((𝑆 𝑇) 𝑈)) → ((𝑃 𝑄) 𝑅) = ((𝑆 𝑇) 𝑈))
 
Theorem3atlem4 33680 Lemma for 3at 33684. (Contributed by NM, 23-Jun-2012.)
= (le‘𝐾)    &    = (join‘𝐾)    &   𝐴 = (Atoms‘𝐾)       (((𝐾 ∈ HL ∧ (𝑃𝐴𝑄𝐴𝑅𝐴) ∧ (𝑆𝐴𝑇𝐴)) ∧ (¬ 𝑅 (𝑃 𝑄) ∧ 𝑃𝑄) ∧ ((𝑃 𝑄) 𝑅) ((𝑆 𝑇) 𝑅)) → ((𝑃 𝑄) 𝑅) = ((𝑆 𝑇) 𝑅))
 
Theorem3atlem5 33681 Lemma for 3at 33684. (Contributed by NM, 23-Jun-2012.)
= (le‘𝐾)    &    = (join‘𝐾)    &   𝐴 = (Atoms‘𝐾)       (((𝐾 ∈ HL ∧ (𝑃𝐴𝑄𝐴𝑅𝐴) ∧ (𝑆𝐴𝑇𝐴𝑈𝐴)) ∧ (¬ 𝑅 (𝑃 𝑄) ∧ 𝑃𝑄 ∧ ¬ 𝑄 (𝑃 𝑈)) ∧ ((𝑃 𝑄) 𝑅) ((𝑆 𝑇) 𝑈)) → ((𝑃 𝑄) 𝑅) = ((𝑆 𝑇) 𝑈))
 
Theorem3atlem6 33682 Lemma for 3at 33684. (Contributed by NM, 23-Jun-2012.)
= (le‘𝐾)    &    = (join‘𝐾)    &   𝐴 = (Atoms‘𝐾)       (((𝐾 ∈ HL ∧ (𝑃𝐴𝑄𝐴𝑅𝐴) ∧ (𝑆𝐴𝑇𝐴𝑈𝐴)) ∧ (¬ 𝑅 (𝑃 𝑄) ∧ 𝑃𝑄𝑄 (𝑃 𝑈)) ∧ ((𝑃 𝑄) 𝑅) ((𝑆 𝑇) 𝑈)) → ((𝑃 𝑄) 𝑅) = ((𝑆 𝑇) 𝑈))
 
Theorem3atlem7 33683 Lemma for 3at 33684. (Contributed by NM, 23-Jun-2012.)
= (le‘𝐾)    &    = (join‘𝐾)    &   𝐴 = (Atoms‘𝐾)       (((𝐾 ∈ HL ∧ (𝑃𝐴𝑄𝐴𝑅𝐴) ∧ (𝑆𝐴𝑇𝐴𝑈𝐴)) ∧ (¬ 𝑅 (𝑃 𝑄) ∧ 𝑃𝑄) ∧ ((𝑃 𝑄) 𝑅) ((𝑆 𝑇) 𝑈)) → ((𝑃 𝑄) 𝑅) = ((𝑆 𝑇) 𝑈))
 
Theorem3at 33684 Any three non-colinear atoms in a (lattice) plane determine the plane uniquely. This is the 2-dimensional analogue of ps-1 33671 for lines and 4at 33807 for volumes. I could not find this proof in the literature on projective geometry (where it is either given as an axiom or stated as an unproved fact), but it is similar to Theorem 15 of Veblen, "The Foundations of Geometry" (1911), p. 18, which uses different axioms. This proof was written before I became aware of Veblen's, and it is possible that a shorter proof could be obtained by using Veblen's proof for hints. (Contributed by NM, 23-Jun-2012.)
= (le‘𝐾)    &    = (join‘𝐾)    &   𝐴 = (Atoms‘𝐾)       (((𝐾 ∈ HL ∧ (𝑃𝐴𝑄𝐴𝑅𝐴) ∧ (𝑆𝐴𝑇𝐴𝑈𝐴)) ∧ (¬ 𝑅 (𝑃 𝑄) ∧ 𝑃𝑄)) → (((𝑃 𝑄) 𝑅) ((𝑆 𝑇) 𝑈) ↔ ((𝑃 𝑄) 𝑅) = ((𝑆 𝑇) 𝑈)))
 
20.22.12  Projective geometries based on Hilbert lattices
 
Syntaxclln 33685 Extend class notation with set of all "lattice lines" (lattice elements which cover an atom) in a Hilbert lattice.
class LLines
 
Syntaxclpl 33686 Extend class notation with set of all "lattice planes" (lattice elements which cover a line) in a Hilbert lattice.
class LPlanes
 
Syntaxclvol 33687 Extend class notation with set of all 3-dimensional "lattice volumes" (lattice elements which cover a plane) in a Hilbert lattice.
class LVols
 
Syntaxclines 33688 Extend class notation with set of all projective lines for a Hilbert lattice.
class Lines
 
SyntaxcpointsN 33689 Extend class notation with set of all projective points.
class Points
 
Syntaxcpsubsp 33690 Extend class notation with set of all projective subspaces.
class PSubSp
 
Syntaxcpmap 33691 Extend class notation with projective map.
class pmap
 
Definitiondf-llines 33692* Define the set of all "lattice lines" (lattice elements which cover an atom) in a Hilbert lattice 𝑘, in other words all elements of height 2 (or lattice dimension 2 or projective dimension 1). (Contributed by NM, 16-Jun-2012.)
LLines = (𝑘 ∈ V ↦ {𝑥 ∈ (Base‘𝑘) ∣ ∃𝑝 ∈ (Atoms‘𝑘)𝑝( ⋖ ‘𝑘)𝑥})
 
Definitiondf-lplanes 33693* Define the set of all "lattice planes" (lattice elements which cover a line) in a Hilbert lattice 𝑘, in other words all elements of height 3 (or lattice dimension 3 or projective dimension 2). (Contributed by NM, 16-Jun-2012.)
LPlanes = (𝑘 ∈ V ↦ {𝑥 ∈ (Base‘𝑘) ∣ ∃𝑝 ∈ (LLines‘𝑘)𝑝( ⋖ ‘𝑘)𝑥})
 
Definitiondf-lvols 33694* Define the set of all 3-dimensional "lattice volumes" (lattice elements which cover a plane) in a Hilbert lattice 𝑘, in other words all elements of height 4 (or lattice dimension 4 or projective dimension 3). (Contributed by NM, 1-Jul-2012.)
LVols = (𝑘 ∈ V ↦ {𝑥 ∈ (Base‘𝑘) ∣ ∃𝑝 ∈ (LPlanes‘𝑘)𝑝( ⋖ ‘𝑘)𝑥})
 
Definitiondf-lines 33695* Define set of all projective lines for a Hilbert lattice (actually in any set at all, for simplicity). The join of two distinct atoms equals a line. Definition of lines in item 1 of [Holland95] p. 222. (Contributed by NM, 19-Sep-2011.)
Lines = (𝑘 ∈ V ↦ {𝑠 ∣ ∃𝑞 ∈ (Atoms‘𝑘)∃𝑟 ∈ (Atoms‘𝑘)(𝑞𝑟𝑠 = {𝑝 ∈ (Atoms‘𝑘) ∣ 𝑝(le‘𝑘)(𝑞(join‘𝑘)𝑟)})})
 
Definitiondf-pointsN 33696* Define set of all projective points in a Hilbert lattice (actually in any set at all, for simplicity). A projective point is the singleton of a lattice atom. Definition 15.1 of [MaedaMaeda] p. 61. Note that item 1 in [Holland95] p. 222 defines a point as the atom itself, but this leads to a complicated subspace ordering that may be either membership or inclusion based on its arguments. (Contributed by NM, 2-Oct-2011.)
Points = (𝑘 ∈ V ↦ {𝑞 ∣ ∃𝑝 ∈ (Atoms‘𝑘)𝑞 = {𝑝}})
 
Definitiondf-psubsp 33697* Define set of all projective subspaces. Based on definition of subspace in [Holland95] p. 212. (Contributed by NM, 2-Oct-2011.)
PSubSp = (𝑘 ∈ V ↦ {𝑠 ∣ (𝑠 ⊆ (Atoms‘𝑘) ∧ ∀𝑝𝑠𝑞𝑠𝑟 ∈ (Atoms‘𝑘)(𝑟(le‘𝑘)(𝑝(join‘𝑘)𝑞) → 𝑟𝑠))})
 
Definitiondf-pmap 33698* Define projective map for 𝑘 at 𝑎. Definition in Theorem 15.5 of [MaedaMaeda] p. 62. (Contributed by NM, 2-Oct-2011.)
pmap = (𝑘 ∈ V ↦ (𝑎 ∈ (Base‘𝑘) ↦ {𝑝 ∈ (Atoms‘𝑘) ∣ 𝑝(le‘𝑘)𝑎}))
 
Theoremllnset 33699* The set of lattice lines in a Hilbert lattice. (Contributed by NM, 16-Jun-2012.)
𝐵 = (Base‘𝐾)    &   𝐶 = ( ⋖ ‘𝐾)    &   𝐴 = (Atoms‘𝐾)    &   𝑁 = (LLines‘𝐾)       (𝐾𝐷𝑁 = {𝑥𝐵 ∣ ∃𝑝𝐴 𝑝𝐶𝑥})
 
Theoremislln 33700* The predicate "is a lattice line". (Contributed by NM, 16-Jun-2012.)
𝐵 = (Base‘𝐾)    &   𝐶 = ( ⋖ ‘𝐾)    &   𝐴 = (Atoms‘𝐾)    &   𝑁 = (LLines‘𝐾)       (𝐾𝐷 → (𝑋𝑁 ↔ (𝑋𝐵 ∧ ∃𝑝𝐴 𝑝𝐶𝑋)))
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