 Home Metamath Proof ExplorerTheorem List (p. 414 of 425) < Previous  Next > Bad symbols? Try the GIF version. Mirrors  >  Metamath Home Page  >  MPE Home Page  >  Theorem List Contents  >  Recent Proofs       This page: Page List

 Color key: Metamath Proof Explorer (1-26947) Hilbert Space Explorer (26948-28472) Users' Mathboxes (28473-42426)

Theorem List for Metamath Proof Explorer - 41301-41400   *Has distinct variable group(s)
TypeLabelDescription
Statement

Theoremisclwwlksng 41301 Properties of a word to represent a closed walk of a fixed length. Generalization of isclwwlksn 41295. (Contributed by AV, 25-Apr-2021.)
(𝑊 ∈ (𝑁 ClWWalkSN 𝐺) ↔ (𝑊 ∈ (ClWWalkS‘𝐺) ∧ (#‘𝑊) = 𝑁))

Theoremisclwwlksnx 41302* Properties of a word to represent a closed walk of a fixed length , definition of ClWWalkS expanded. (Contributed by AV, 25-Apr-2021.)
𝑉 = (Vtx‘𝐺)    &   𝐸 = (Edg‘𝐺)       (𝑁 ∈ ℕ → (𝑊 ∈ (𝑁 ClWWalkSN 𝐺) ↔ ((𝑊 ∈ Word 𝑉 ∧ ∀𝑖 ∈ (0..^((#‘𝑊) − 1)){(𝑊𝑖), (𝑊‘(𝑖 + 1))} ∈ 𝐸 ∧ {( lastS ‘𝑊), (𝑊‘0)} ∈ 𝐸) ∧ (#‘𝑊) = 𝑁)))

Theoremclwwlksnndef 41303 Conditions for ClWWalkSN not being defined. (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 15-Sep-2018.) (Revised by AV, 24-Apr-2021.)
((𝐺 ∉ V ∨ 𝑁 ∉ ℕ) → (𝑁 ClWWalkSN 𝐺) = ∅)

Theoremclwwlkclwwlkn 41304 A closed walk of a fixed length as word is a closed walk (in an undirected graph) as word. (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 15-Mar-2018.) (Revised by AV, 24-Apr-2021.)
(𝑃 ∈ (𝑁 ClWWalkSN 𝐺) → 𝑃 ∈ (ClWWalkS‘𝐺))

Theoremclwwlkssclwwlksn 41305 The closed walks of a fixed length as words are closed walks (in an undirected graph) as words. (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 15-Mar-2018.) (Revised by AV, 12-Apr-2021.)
(𝑁 ClWWalkSN 𝐺) ⊆ (ClWWalkS‘𝐺)

Theoremclwlkclwwlklem2a1 41306* Lemma 1 for clwlkclwwlklem2a 41312. (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 21-Jun-2018.) (Revised by AV, 11-Apr-2021.)
((𝑃 ∈ Word 𝑉 ∧ 2 ≤ (#‘𝑃)) → ((( lastS ‘𝑃) = (𝑃‘0) ∧ (∀𝑖 ∈ (0..^((((#‘𝑃) − 1) − 0) − 1)){(𝑃𝑖), (𝑃‘(𝑖 + 1))} ∈ ran 𝐸 ∧ {(𝑃‘((#‘𝑃) − 2)), (𝑃‘0)} ∈ ran 𝐸)) → ∀𝑖 ∈ (0..^((#‘𝑃) − 1)){(𝑃𝑖), (𝑃‘(𝑖 + 1))} ∈ ran 𝐸))

Theoremclwlkclwwlklem2a2 41307* Lemma 2 for clwlkclwwlklem2a 41312. (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 21-Jun-2018.)
𝐹 = (𝑥 ∈ (0..^((#‘𝑃) − 1)) ↦ if(𝑥 < ((#‘𝑃) − 2), (𝐸‘{(𝑃𝑥), (𝑃‘(𝑥 + 1))}), (𝐸‘{(𝑃𝑥), (𝑃‘0)})))       ((𝑃 ∈ Word 𝑉 ∧ 2 ≤ (#‘𝑃)) → (#‘𝐹) = ((#‘𝑃) − 1))

Theoremclwlkclwwlklem2a3 41308* Lemma 3 for clwlkclwwlklem2a 41312. (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 21-Jun-2018.)
𝐹 = (𝑥 ∈ (0..^((#‘𝑃) − 1)) ↦ if(𝑥 < ((#‘𝑃) − 2), (𝐸‘{(𝑃𝑥), (𝑃‘(𝑥 + 1))}), (𝐸‘{(𝑃𝑥), (𝑃‘0)})))       ((𝑃 ∈ Word 𝑉 ∧ 2 ≤ (#‘𝑃)) → (𝑃‘(#‘𝐹)) = ( lastS ‘𝑃))

Theoremclwlkclwwlklem2fv1 41309* Lemma 4a for clwlkclwwlklem2a 41312. (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 22-Jun-2018.)
𝐹 = (𝑥 ∈ (0..^((#‘𝑃) − 1)) ↦ if(𝑥 < ((#‘𝑃) − 2), (𝐸‘{(𝑃𝑥), (𝑃‘(𝑥 + 1))}), (𝐸‘{(𝑃𝑥), (𝑃‘0)})))       (((#‘𝑃) ∈ ℕ0𝐼 ∈ (0..^((#‘𝑃) − 2))) → (𝐹𝐼) = (𝐸‘{(𝑃𝐼), (𝑃‘(𝐼 + 1))}))

Theoremclwlkclwwlklem2fv2 41310* Lemma 4b for clwlkclwwlklem2a 41312. (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 22-Jun-2018.)
𝐹 = (𝑥 ∈ (0..^((#‘𝑃) − 1)) ↦ if(𝑥 < ((#‘𝑃) − 2), (𝐸‘{(𝑃𝑥), (𝑃‘(𝑥 + 1))}), (𝐸‘{(𝑃𝑥), (𝑃‘0)})))       (((#‘𝑃) ∈ ℕ0 ∧ 2 ≤ (#‘𝑃)) → (𝐹‘((#‘𝑃) − 2)) = (𝐸‘{(𝑃‘((#‘𝑃) − 2)), (𝑃‘0)}))

Theoremclwlkclwwlklem2a4 41311* Lemma 4 for clwlkclwwlklem2a 41312. (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 21-Jun-2018.) (Revised by AV, 11-Apr-2021.)
𝐹 = (𝑥 ∈ (0..^((#‘𝑃) − 1)) ↦ if(𝑥 < ((#‘𝑃) − 2), (𝐸‘{(𝑃𝑥), (𝑃‘(𝑥 + 1))}), (𝐸‘{(𝑃𝑥), (𝑃‘0)})))       ((𝐸:dom 𝐸1-1𝑅𝑃 ∈ Word 𝑉 ∧ 2 ≤ (#‘𝑃)) → ((( lastS ‘𝑃) = (𝑃‘0) ∧ 𝐼 ∈ (0..^((#‘𝑃) − 1))) → ({(𝑃𝐼), (𝑃‘(𝐼 + 1))} ∈ ran 𝐸 → (𝐸‘(𝐹𝐼)) = {(𝑃𝐼), (𝑃‘(𝐼 + 1))})))

Theoremclwlkclwwlklem2a 41312* Lemma for clwlkclwwlklem2 41314. (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 22-Jun-2018.) (Revised by AV, 11-Apr-2021.)
𝐹 = (𝑥 ∈ (0..^((#‘𝑃) − 1)) ↦ if(𝑥 < ((#‘𝑃) − 2), (𝐸‘{(𝑃𝑥), (𝑃‘(𝑥 + 1))}), (𝐸‘{(𝑃𝑥), (𝑃‘0)})))       ((𝐸:dom 𝐸1-1𝑅𝑃 ∈ Word 𝑉 ∧ 2 ≤ (#‘𝑃)) → ((( lastS ‘𝑃) = (𝑃‘0) ∧ (∀𝑖 ∈ (0..^((((#‘𝑃) − 1) − 0) − 1)){(𝑃𝑖), (𝑃‘(𝑖 + 1))} ∈ ran 𝐸 ∧ {(𝑃‘((#‘𝑃) − 2)), (𝑃‘0)} ∈ ran 𝐸)) → ((𝐹 ∈ Word dom 𝐸𝑃:(0...(#‘𝐹))⟶𝑉 ∧ ∀𝑖 ∈ (0..^(#‘𝐹))(𝐸‘(𝐹𝑖)) = {(𝑃𝑖), (𝑃‘(𝑖 + 1))}) ∧ (𝑃‘0) = (𝑃‘(#‘𝐹)))))

Theoremclwlkclwwlklem1 41313* Lemma 1 for clwlkclwwlk 41316. (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 22-Jun-2018.) (Revised by AV, 11-Apr-2021.)
((𝐸:dom 𝐸1-1𝑅𝑃 ∈ Word 𝑉 ∧ 2 ≤ (#‘𝑃)) → ((( lastS ‘𝑃) = (𝑃‘0) ∧ (∀𝑖 ∈ (0..^((((#‘𝑃) − 1) − 0) − 1)){(𝑃𝑖), (𝑃‘(𝑖 + 1))} ∈ ran 𝐸 ∧ {(𝑃‘((#‘𝑃) − 2)), (𝑃‘0)} ∈ ran 𝐸)) → ∃𝑓((𝑓 ∈ Word dom 𝐸𝑃:(0...(#‘𝑓))⟶𝑉 ∧ ∀𝑖 ∈ (0..^(#‘𝑓))(𝐸‘(𝑓𝑖)) = {(𝑃𝑖), (𝑃‘(𝑖 + 1))}) ∧ (𝑃‘0) = (𝑃‘(#‘𝑓)))))

Theoremclwlkclwwlklem2 41314* Lemma 2 for clwlkclwwlk 41316. (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 22-Jun-2018.) (Revised by AV, 11-Apr-2021.)
(((𝐸:dom 𝐸1-1𝑅𝐹 ∈ Word dom 𝐸) ∧ (𝑃:(0...(#‘𝐹))⟶𝑉 ∧ 2 ≤ (#‘𝑃)) ∧ (∀𝑖 ∈ (0..^(#‘𝐹))(𝐸‘(𝐹𝑖)) = {(𝑃𝑖), (𝑃‘(𝑖 + 1))} ∧ (𝑃‘0) = (𝑃‘(#‘𝐹)))) → (( lastS ‘𝑃) = (𝑃‘0) ∧ ∀𝑖 ∈ (0..^((#‘𝐹) − 1)){(𝑃𝑖), (𝑃‘(𝑖 + 1))} ∈ ran 𝐸 ∧ {(𝑃‘((#‘𝐹) − 1)), (𝑃‘0)} ∈ ran 𝐸))

Theoremclwlkclwwlklem3 41315* Lemma 3 for clwlkclwwlk 41316. (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 22-Jun-2018.) (Revised by AV, 11-Apr-2021.)
((𝐸:dom 𝐸1-1𝑅𝑃 ∈ Word 𝑉 ∧ 2 ≤ (#‘𝑃)) → (∃𝑓((𝑓 ∈ Word dom 𝐸𝑃:(0...(#‘𝑓))⟶𝑉 ∧ ∀𝑖 ∈ (0..^(#‘𝑓))(𝐸‘(𝑓𝑖)) = {(𝑃𝑖), (𝑃‘(𝑖 + 1))}) ∧ (𝑃‘0) = (𝑃‘(#‘𝑓))) ↔ (( lastS ‘𝑃) = (𝑃‘0) ∧ (∀𝑖 ∈ (0..^((((#‘𝑃) − 1) − 0) − 1)){(𝑃𝑖), (𝑃‘(𝑖 + 1))} ∈ ran 𝐸 ∧ {(𝑃‘((#‘𝑃) − 2)), (𝑃‘0)} ∈ ran 𝐸))))

Theoremclwlkclwwlk 41316* A closed walk as word of length at least 2 corresponds to a closed walk in a simple pseudograph. (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 22-Jun-2018.) (Revised by AV, 24-Apr-2021.)
𝑉 = (Vtx‘𝐺)    &   𝐸 = (iEdg‘𝐺)       ((𝐺 ∈ USPGraph ∧ 𝑃 ∈ Word 𝑉 ∧ 2 ≤ (#‘𝑃)) → (∃𝑓 𝑓(ClWalkS‘𝐺)𝑃 ↔ (( lastS ‘𝑃) = (𝑃‘0) ∧ (𝑃 substr ⟨0, ((#‘𝑃) − 1)⟩) ∈ (ClWWalkS‘𝐺))))

Theoremclwlkclwwlk2 41317* A closed walk corresponds to a closed walk as word in a simple pseudograph. (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 22-Jun-2018.) (Revised by AV, 24-Apr-2021.)
𝑉 = (Vtx‘𝐺)    &   𝐸 = (iEdg‘𝐺)       ((𝐺 ∈ USPGraph ∧ 𝑃 ∈ Word 𝑉 ∧ 1 ≤ (#‘𝑃)) → (∃𝑓 𝑓(ClWalkS‘𝐺)(𝑃 ++ ⟨“(𝑃‘0)”⟩) ↔ 𝑃 ∈ (ClWWalkS‘𝐺)))

Theoremclwwlksgt0 41318 There is no empty closed walk (i.e. a closed walk without any edge) represented by a word of vertices. (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 15-Sep-2018.) (Revised by AV, 24-Apr-2021.)
(𝑊 ∈ (ClWWalkS‘𝐺) → 0 < (#‘𝑊))

Theoremclwwlksn0 41319 There is no closed walk of length 0 (i.e. a closed walk without any edge) represented by a word of vertices. (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 15-Sep-2018.) (Revised by AV, 24-Apr-2021.)
(0 ClWWalkSN 𝐺) = ∅

Theoremclwwlks1loop 41320 A closed walk of length 1 is a loop. See also clwlkl1loop 41094. (Contributed by AV, 24-Apr-2021.)
((𝑊 ∈ (ClWWalkS‘𝐺) ∧ (#‘𝑊) = 1) → {(𝑊‘0), (𝑊‘0)} ∈ (Edg‘𝐺))

Theoremclwwlksn1loop 41321 A closed walk of length 1 is a loop. (Contributed by AV, 24-Apr-2021.)
(𝑊 ∈ (1 ClWWalkSN 𝐺) → ((#‘𝑊) = 1 ∧ {(𝑊‘0), (𝑊‘0)} ∈ (Edg‘𝐺)))

Theoremclwwlksn2 41322 A closed walk of length 2 represented as word is a word consisting of 2 symbols representing (not necessarily different) vertices connected by (at least) one edge. (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 19-Sep-2018.) (Revised by AV, 25-Apr-2021.)
(𝑊 ∈ (2 ClWWalkSN 𝐺) ↔ ((#‘𝑊) = 2 ∧ 𝑊 ∈ Word (Vtx‘𝐺) ∧ {(𝑊‘0), (𝑊‘1)} ∈ (Edg‘𝐺)))

Theoremclwwlkssswrd 41323 Closed walks (represented by words) are words. (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 25-Mar-2018.) (Revised by AV, 25-Apr-2021.)
(ClWWalkS‘𝐺) ⊆ Word (Vtx‘𝐺)

Theoremumgrclwwlksge2 41324 A closed walk in a multigraph has a length of at least 2 (because it cannot have a loop). (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 16-Sep-2018.) (Revised by AV, 24-Apr-2021.)
(𝐺 ∈ UMGraph → (𝑃 ∈ (ClWWalkS‘𝐺) → 2 ≤ (#‘𝑃)))

Theoremclwwlksnfi 41325 If there is only a finite number of vertices, the number of closed walks of fixed length (as words) is also finite. (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 25-Mar-2018.) (Revised by AV, 25-Apr-2021.)
((Vtx‘𝐺) ∈ Fin → (𝑁 ClWWalkSN 𝐺) ∈ Fin)

Theoremclwwlksel 41326* Obtaining a closed walk (as word) by appending the first symbol to the word representing a walk. (Contributed by AV, 28-Sep-2018.) (Revised by AV, 25-Apr-2021.)
𝐷 = {𝑤 ∈ (𝑁 WWalkSN 𝐺) ∣ ( lastS ‘𝑤) = (𝑤‘0)}       ((𝑁 ∈ ℕ ∧ (𝑃 ∈ Word (Vtx‘𝐺) ∧ (#‘𝑃) = 𝑁) ∧ (∀𝑖 ∈ (0..^(𝑁 − 1)){(𝑃𝑖), (𝑃‘(𝑖 + 1))} ∈ (Edg‘𝐺) ∧ {( lastS ‘𝑃), (𝑃‘0)} ∈ (Edg‘𝐺))) → (𝑃 ++ ⟨“(𝑃‘0)”⟩) ∈ 𝐷)

Theoremclwwlksf 41327* Lemma 1 for clwwlksbij 41332: F is a function. (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 27-Sep-2018.) (Revised by AV, 26-Apr-2021.)
𝐷 = {𝑤 ∈ (𝑁 WWalkSN 𝐺) ∣ ( lastS ‘𝑤) = (𝑤‘0)}    &   𝐹 = (𝑡𝐷 ↦ (𝑡 substr ⟨0, 𝑁⟩))       (𝑁 ∈ ℕ → 𝐹:𝐷⟶(𝑁 ClWWalkSN 𝐺))

Theoremclwwlksfv 41328* Lemma 2 for clwwlksbij 41332: the value of function F. (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 28-Sep-2018.) (Revised by AV, 26-Apr-2021.)
𝐷 = {𝑤 ∈ (𝑁 WWalkSN 𝐺) ∣ ( lastS ‘𝑤) = (𝑤‘0)}    &   𝐹 = (𝑡𝐷 ↦ (𝑡 substr ⟨0, 𝑁⟩))       (𝑊𝐷 → (𝐹𝑊) = (𝑊 substr ⟨0, 𝑁⟩))

Theoremclwwlksf1 41329* Lemma 3 for clwwlksbij 41332: F is a 1-1 function. (Contributed by AV, 28-Sep-2018.) (Revised by AV, 26-Apr-2021.)
𝐷 = {𝑤 ∈ (𝑁 WWalkSN 𝐺) ∣ ( lastS ‘𝑤) = (𝑤‘0)}    &   𝐹 = (𝑡𝐷 ↦ (𝑡 substr ⟨0, 𝑁⟩))       (𝑁 ∈ ℕ → 𝐹:𝐷1-1→(𝑁 ClWWalkSN 𝐺))

Theoremclwwlksfo 41330* Lemma 4 for clwwlksbij 41332: F is an onto function. (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 29-Sep-2018.) (Revised by AV, 26-Apr-2021.)
𝐷 = {𝑤 ∈ (𝑁 WWalkSN 𝐺) ∣ ( lastS ‘𝑤) = (𝑤‘0)}    &   𝐹 = (𝑡𝐷 ↦ (𝑡 substr ⟨0, 𝑁⟩))       (𝑁 ∈ ℕ → 𝐹:𝐷onto→(𝑁 ClWWalkSN 𝐺))

Theoremclwwlksf1o 41331* Lemma 5 for clwwlksbij 41332: F is a 1-1 onto function. (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 29-Sep-2018.) (Revised by AV, 26-Apr-2021.)
𝐷 = {𝑤 ∈ (𝑁 WWalkSN 𝐺) ∣ ( lastS ‘𝑤) = (𝑤‘0)}    &   𝐹 = (𝑡𝐷 ↦ (𝑡 substr ⟨0, 𝑁⟩))       (𝑁 ∈ ℕ → 𝐹:𝐷1-1-onto→(𝑁 ClWWalkSN 𝐺))

Theoremclwwlksbij 41332* There is a bijection between the set of closed walks of a fixed length represented by walks (as word) and the set of closed walks (as words) of a fixed length. The difference between these two representations is that in the first case the starting vertex is repeated at the end of the word, and in the second case it is not. (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 29-Sep-2018.) (Revised by AV, 26-Apr-2021.)
(𝑁 ∈ ℕ → ∃𝑓 𝑓:{𝑤 ∈ (𝑁 WWalkSN 𝐺) ∣ ( lastS ‘𝑤) = (𝑤‘0)}–1-1-onto→(𝑁 ClWWalkSN 𝐺))

Theoremclwwlksnwwlkncl 41333* Obtaining a closed walk (as word) by appending the first symbol to the word representing a walk. (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 29-Sep-2018.) (Revised by AV, 26-Apr-2021.)
((𝑁 ∈ ℕ ∧ 𝑃 ∈ (𝑁 ClWWalkSN 𝐺)) → (𝑃 ++ ⟨“(𝑃‘0)”⟩) ∈ {𝑤 ∈ (𝑁 WWalkSN 𝐺) ∣ ( lastS ‘𝑤) = (𝑤‘0)})

Theoremclwwlksvbij 41334* There is a bijection between the set of closed walks of a fixed length starting at a fixed vertex represented by walks (as word) and the set of closed walks (as words) of a fixed length starting at a fixed vertex. The difference between these two representations is that in the first case the starting vertex is repeated at the end of the word, and in the second case it is not. (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 29-Sep-2018.) (Revised by AV, 26-Apr-2021.)
(𝑁 ∈ ℕ → ∃𝑓 𝑓:{𝑤 ∈ (𝑁 WWalkSN 𝐺) ∣ (( lastS ‘𝑤) = (𝑤‘0) ∧ (𝑤‘0) = 𝑆)}–1-1-onto→{𝑤 ∈ (𝑁 ClWWalkSN 𝐺) ∣ (𝑤‘0) = 𝑆})

Theoremclwwlksext2edg 41335 If a word concatenated with a vertex represents a closed walk in (in a graph), there is an edge between this vertex and the last vertex of the word, and between this vertex and the first vertex of the word. (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 3-Oct-2018.) (Revised by AV, 27-Apr-2021.)
𝑉 = (Vtx‘𝐺)    &   𝐸 = (Edg‘𝐺)       (((𝑊 ∈ Word 𝑉𝑍𝑉𝑁 ∈ (ℤ‘2)) ∧ (𝑊 ++ ⟨“𝑍”⟩) ∈ (𝑁 ClWWalkSN 𝐺)) → ({( lastS ‘𝑊), 𝑍} ∈ 𝐸 ∧ {𝑍, (𝑊‘0)} ∈ 𝐸))

Theoremwwlksext2clwwlk 41336 If a word represents a walk in (in a graph) and there are edges between the last vertex of the word and another vertex and between this other vertex and the first vertex of the word, then the concatenation of the word representing the walk with this other vertex represents a closed walk. (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 3-Oct-2018.) (Revised by AV, 27-Apr-2021.)
𝑉 = (Vtx‘𝐺)    &   𝐸 = (Edg‘𝐺)       ((𝑊 ∈ (𝑁 WWalkSN 𝐺) ∧ 𝑍𝑉𝑁 ∈ ℕ0) → (({( lastS ‘𝑊), 𝑍} ∈ 𝐸 ∧ {𝑍, (𝑊‘0)} ∈ 𝐸) → (𝑊 ++ ⟨“𝑍”⟩) ∈ ((𝑁 + 2) ClWWalkSN 𝐺)))

Theoremwwlksubclwwlks 41337 Any prefix of a word representing a closed walk represents a word. (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 5-Oct-2018.) (Revised by AV, 28-Apr-2021.)
((𝑀 ∈ ℕ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ (ℤ‘(𝑀 + 1))) → (𝑋 ∈ (𝑁 ClWWalkSN 𝐺) → (𝑋 substr ⟨0, 𝑀⟩) ∈ ((𝑀 − 1) WWalkSN 𝐺)))

Theoremclwwisshclwwslemlem 41338* Lemma for clwwisshclwwlem 26072. (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 23-Mar-2018.)
(((𝐿 ∈ (ℤ‘2) ∧ 𝐴 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℤ) ∧ ∀𝑖 ∈ (0..^(𝐿 − 1)){(𝑊𝑖), (𝑊‘(𝑖 + 1))} ∈ 𝑅 ∧ {(𝑊‘(𝐿 − 1)), (𝑊‘0)} ∈ 𝑅) → {(𝑊‘((𝐴 + 𝐵) mod 𝐿)), (𝑊‘(((𝐴 + 1) + 𝐵) mod 𝐿))} ∈ 𝑅)

Theoremclwwisshclwwslem 41339* Lemma for clwwisshclww 26073. (Contributed by AV, 24-Mar-2018.) (Revised by AV, 28-Apr-2021.)
((𝑊 ∈ Word 𝑉𝑁 ∈ (1..^(#‘𝑊))) → ((∀𝑖 ∈ (0..^((#‘𝑊) − 1)){(𝑊𝑖), (𝑊‘(𝑖 + 1))} ∈ 𝐸 ∧ {( lastS ‘𝑊), (𝑊‘0)} ∈ 𝐸) → ∀𝑗 ∈ (0..^((#‘(𝑊 cyclShift 𝑁)) − 1)){((𝑊 cyclShift 𝑁)‘𝑗), ((𝑊 cyclShift 𝑁)‘(𝑗 + 1))} ∈ 𝐸))

Theoremclwwisshclwws 41340 Cyclically shifting a closed walk as word results in a closed walk as word (in an undirected graph). (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 24-Mar-2018.) (Revised by AV, 28-Apr-2021.)
((𝑊 ∈ (ClWWalkS‘𝐺) ∧ 𝑁 ∈ (0..^(#‘𝑊))) → (𝑊 cyclShift 𝑁) ∈ (ClWWalkS‘𝐺))

Theoremclwwisshclwwsn 41341 Cyclically shifting a closed walk as word results in a closed walk as word (in an undirected graph). (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 15-Jun-2018.) (Revised by AV, 29-Apr-2021.)
((𝑊 ∈ (ClWWalkS‘𝐺) ∧ 𝑁 ∈ (0...(#‘𝑊))) → (𝑊 cyclShift 𝑁) ∈ (ClWWalkS‘𝐺))

Theoremclwwnisshclwwsn 41342 Cyclically shifting a closed walk as word of fixed length results in a closed walk as word of the same length (in an undirected graph). (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 10-Jun-2018.) (Revised by AV, 29-Apr-2021.)
((𝑊 ∈ (𝑁 ClWWalkSN 𝐺) ∧ 𝑀 ∈ (0...𝑁)) → (𝑊 cyclShift 𝑀) ∈ (𝑁 ClWWalkSN 𝐺))

Theoremerclwwlksrel 41343 is a relation. (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 25-Mar-2018.) (Revised by AV, 29-Apr-2021.)
= {⟨𝑢, 𝑤⟩ ∣ (𝑢 ∈ (ClWWalkS‘𝐺) ∧ 𝑤 ∈ (ClWWalkS‘𝐺) ∧ ∃𝑛 ∈ (0...(#‘𝑤))𝑢 = (𝑤 cyclShift 𝑛))}       Rel

Theoremerclwwlkseq 41344* Two classes are equivalent regarding if both are words and one is the other cyclically shifted. (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 25-Mar-2018.) (Revised by AV, 29-Apr-2021.)
= {⟨𝑢, 𝑤⟩ ∣ (𝑢 ∈ (ClWWalkS‘𝐺) ∧ 𝑤 ∈ (ClWWalkS‘𝐺) ∧ ∃𝑛 ∈ (0...(#‘𝑤))𝑢 = (𝑤 cyclShift 𝑛))}       ((𝑈𝑋𝑊𝑌) → (𝑈 𝑊 ↔ (𝑈 ∈ (ClWWalkS‘𝐺) ∧ 𝑊 ∈ (ClWWalkS‘𝐺) ∧ ∃𝑛 ∈ (0...(#‘𝑊))𝑈 = (𝑊 cyclShift 𝑛))))

Theoremerclwwlkseqlen 41345* If two classes are equivalent regarding , then they are words of the same length. (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 8-Apr-2018.) (Revised by AV, 29-Apr-2021.)
= {⟨𝑢, 𝑤⟩ ∣ (𝑢 ∈ (ClWWalkS‘𝐺) ∧ 𝑤 ∈ (ClWWalkS‘𝐺) ∧ ∃𝑛 ∈ (0...(#‘𝑤))𝑢 = (𝑤 cyclShift 𝑛))}       ((𝑈𝑋𝑊𝑌) → (𝑈 𝑊 → (#‘𝑈) = (#‘𝑊)))

Theoremerclwwlksref 41346* is a reflexive relation over the set of closed walks (defined as words). (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 25-Mar-2018.) (Revised by AV, 29-Apr-2021.)
= {⟨𝑢, 𝑤⟩ ∣ (𝑢 ∈ (ClWWalkS‘𝐺) ∧ 𝑤 ∈ (ClWWalkS‘𝐺) ∧ ∃𝑛 ∈ (0...(#‘𝑤))𝑢 = (𝑤 cyclShift 𝑛))}       (𝑥 ∈ (ClWWalkS‘𝐺) ↔ 𝑥 𝑥)

Theoremerclwwlkssym 41347* is a symmetric relation over the set of closed walks (defined as words). (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 8-Apr-2018.) (Revised by AV, 29-Apr-2021.)
= {⟨𝑢, 𝑤⟩ ∣ (𝑢 ∈ (ClWWalkS‘𝐺) ∧ 𝑤 ∈ (ClWWalkS‘𝐺) ∧ ∃𝑛 ∈ (0...(#‘𝑤))𝑢 = (𝑤 cyclShift 𝑛))}       (𝑥 𝑦𝑦 𝑥)

Theoremerclwwlkstr 41348* is a transitive relation over the set of closed walks (defined as words). (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 10-Apr-2018.) (Revised by AV, 30-Apr-2021.)
= {⟨𝑢, 𝑤⟩ ∣ (𝑢 ∈ (ClWWalkS‘𝐺) ∧ 𝑤 ∈ (ClWWalkS‘𝐺) ∧ ∃𝑛 ∈ (0...(#‘𝑤))𝑢 = (𝑤 cyclShift 𝑛))}       ((𝑥 𝑦𝑦 𝑧) → 𝑥 𝑧)

Theoremerclwwlks 41349* is an equivalence relation over the set of closed walks (defined as words). (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 10-Apr-2018.) (Revised by AV, 30-Apr-2021.)
= {⟨𝑢, 𝑤⟩ ∣ (𝑢 ∈ (ClWWalkS‘𝐺) ∧ 𝑤 ∈ (ClWWalkS‘𝐺) ∧ ∃𝑛 ∈ (0...(#‘𝑤))𝑢 = (𝑤 cyclShift 𝑛))}        Er (ClWWalkS‘𝐺)

Theoremeleclclwwlksnlem1 41350* Lemma 1 for eleclclwwlksn 41365. (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 11-May-2018.) (Revised by AV, 30-Apr-2021.)
𝑊 = (𝑁 ClWWalkSN 𝐺)       ((𝐾 ∈ (0...𝑁) ∧ (𝑋𝑊𝑌𝑊)) → ((𝑋 = (𝑌 cyclShift 𝐾) ∧ ∃𝑚 ∈ (0...𝑁)𝑍 = (𝑌 cyclShift 𝑚)) → ∃𝑛 ∈ (0...𝑁)𝑍 = (𝑋 cyclShift 𝑛)))

Theoremeleclclwwlksnlem2 41351* Lemma 2 for eleclclwwlksn 41365. (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 11-May-2018.) (Revised by AV, 30-Apr-2021.)
𝑊 = (𝑁 ClWWalkSN 𝐺)       (((𝑘 ∈ (0...𝑁) ∧ 𝑋 = (𝑥 cyclShift 𝑘)) ∧ (𝑋𝑊𝑥𝑊)) → (∃𝑚 ∈ (0...𝑁)𝑌 = (𝑥 cyclShift 𝑚) ↔ ∃𝑛 ∈ (0...𝑁)𝑌 = (𝑋 cyclShift 𝑛)))

Theoremclwwlksnscsh 41352* The set of cyclical shifts of a word representing a closed walk is the set of closed walks represented by cyclical shifts of a word. (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 15-Jun-2018.) (Revised by AV, 30-Apr-2021.)
((𝑁 ∈ ℕ0𝑊 ∈ (𝑁 ClWWalkSN 𝐺)) → {𝑦 ∈ (𝑁 ClWWalkSN 𝐺) ∣ ∃𝑛 ∈ (0...𝑁)𝑦 = (𝑊 cyclShift 𝑛)} = {𝑦 ∈ Word (Vtx‘𝐺) ∣ ∃𝑛 ∈ (0...𝑁)𝑦 = (𝑊 cyclShift 𝑛)})

Theoremumgr2cwwk2dif 41353 If a word represents a closed walk of length at least 2 in a multigraph, the first two symbols of the word must be different. (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 17-Jun-2018.) (Revised by AV, 30-Apr-2021.)
((𝐺 ∈ UMGraph ∧ 𝑁 ∈ (ℤ‘2) ∧ 𝑊 ∈ (𝑁 ClWWalkSN 𝐺)) → (𝑊‘1) ≠ (𝑊‘0))

Theoremumgr2cwwkdifex 41354* If a word represents a closed walk of length at least 2 in a undirected simple graph, the first two symbols of the word must be different. (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 17-Jun-2018.) (Revised by AV, 30-Apr-2021.)
((𝐺 ∈ UMGraph ∧ 𝑁 ∈ (ℤ‘2) ∧ 𝑊 ∈ (𝑁 ClWWalkSN 𝐺)) → ∃𝑖 ∈ (0..^𝑁)(𝑊𝑖) ≠ (𝑊‘0))

Theoremerclwwlksnrel 41355 is a relation. (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 25-Mar-2018.) (Revised by AV, 30-Apr-2021.)
𝑊 = (𝑁 ClWWalkSN 𝐺)    &    = {⟨𝑡, 𝑢⟩ ∣ (𝑡𝑊𝑢𝑊 ∧ ∃𝑛 ∈ (0...𝑁)𝑡 = (𝑢 cyclShift 𝑛))}       Rel

Theoremerclwwlksneq 41356* Two classes are equivalent regarding if both are words of the same fixed length and one is the other cyclically shifted. (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 25-Mar-2018.) (Revised by AV, 30-Apr-2021.)
𝑊 = (𝑁 ClWWalkSN 𝐺)    &    = {⟨𝑡, 𝑢⟩ ∣ (𝑡𝑊𝑢𝑊 ∧ ∃𝑛 ∈ (0...𝑁)𝑡 = (𝑢 cyclShift 𝑛))}       ((𝑇𝑋𝑈𝑌) → (𝑇 𝑈 ↔ (𝑇𝑊𝑈𝑊 ∧ ∃𝑛 ∈ (0...𝑁)𝑇 = (𝑈 cyclShift 𝑛))))

Theoremerclwwlksneqlen 41357* If two classes are equivalent regarding , then they are words of the same length. (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 8-Apr-2018.) (Revised by AV, 30-Apr-2021.)
𝑊 = (𝑁 ClWWalkSN 𝐺)    &    = {⟨𝑡, 𝑢⟩ ∣ (𝑡𝑊𝑢𝑊 ∧ ∃𝑛 ∈ (0...𝑁)𝑡 = (𝑢 cyclShift 𝑛))}       ((𝑇𝑋𝑈𝑌) → (𝑇 𝑈 → (#‘𝑇) = (#‘𝑈)))

Theoremerclwwlksnref 41358* is a reflexive relation over the set of closed walks (defined as words). (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 26-Mar-2018.) (Revised by AV, 30-Apr-2021.)
𝑊 = (𝑁 ClWWalkSN 𝐺)    &    = {⟨𝑡, 𝑢⟩ ∣ (𝑡𝑊𝑢𝑊 ∧ ∃𝑛 ∈ (0...𝑁)𝑡 = (𝑢 cyclShift 𝑛))}       (𝑥𝑊𝑥 𝑥)

Theoremerclwwlksnsym 41359* is a symmetric relation over the set of closed walks (defined as words). (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 10-Apr-2018.) (Revised by AV, 30-Apr-2021.)
𝑊 = (𝑁 ClWWalkSN 𝐺)    &    = {⟨𝑡, 𝑢⟩ ∣ (𝑡𝑊𝑢𝑊 ∧ ∃𝑛 ∈ (0...𝑁)𝑡 = (𝑢 cyclShift 𝑛))}       (𝑥 𝑦𝑦 𝑥)

Theoremerclwwlksntr 41360* is a transitive relation over the set of closed walks (defined as words). (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 10-Apr-2018.) (Revised by AV, 30-Apr-2021.)
𝑊 = (𝑁 ClWWalkSN 𝐺)    &    = {⟨𝑡, 𝑢⟩ ∣ (𝑡𝑊𝑢𝑊 ∧ ∃𝑛 ∈ (0...𝑁)𝑡 = (𝑢 cyclShift 𝑛))}       ((𝑥 𝑦𝑦 𝑧) → 𝑥 𝑧)

Theoremerclwwlksn 41361* is an equivalence relation over the set of closed walks (defined as words) with a fixed length. (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 10-Apr-2018.) (Revised by AV, 30-Apr-2021.)
𝑊 = (𝑁 ClWWalkSN 𝐺)    &    = {⟨𝑡, 𝑢⟩ ∣ (𝑡𝑊𝑢𝑊 ∧ ∃𝑛 ∈ (0...𝑁)𝑡 = (𝑢 cyclShift 𝑛))}        Er 𝑊

Theoremqerclwwlksnfi 41362* The quotient set of the set of closed walks (defined as words) with a fixed length according to the equivalence relation is finite. (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 10-Apr-2018.) (Revised by AV, 30-Apr-2021.)
𝑊 = (𝑁 ClWWalkSN 𝐺)    &    = {⟨𝑡, 𝑢⟩ ∣ (𝑡𝑊𝑢𝑊 ∧ ∃𝑛 ∈ (0...𝑁)𝑡 = (𝑢 cyclShift 𝑛))}       ((Vtx‘𝐺) ∈ Fin → (𝑊 / ) ∈ Fin)

Theoremhashclwwlksn0 41363* The number of closed walks (defined as words) with a fixed length is the sum of the sizes of all equivalence classes according to . (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 10-Apr-2018.) (Revised by AV, 30-Apr-2021.)
𝑊 = (𝑁 ClWWalkSN 𝐺)    &    = {⟨𝑡, 𝑢⟩ ∣ (𝑡𝑊𝑢𝑊 ∧ ∃𝑛 ∈ (0...𝑁)𝑡 = (𝑢 cyclShift 𝑛))}       ((Vtx‘𝐺) ∈ Fin → (#‘𝑊) = Σ𝑥 ∈ (𝑊 / )(#‘𝑥))

Theoremeclclwwlksn1 41364* An equivalence class according to . (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 12-Apr-2018.) (Revised by AV, 30-Apr-2021.)
𝑊 = (𝑁 ClWWalkSN 𝐺)    &    = {⟨𝑡, 𝑢⟩ ∣ (𝑡𝑊𝑢𝑊 ∧ ∃𝑛 ∈ (0...𝑁)𝑡 = (𝑢 cyclShift 𝑛))}       (𝐵𝑋 → (𝐵 ∈ (𝑊 / ) ↔ ∃𝑥𝑊 𝐵 = {𝑦𝑊 ∣ ∃𝑛 ∈ (0...𝑁)𝑦 = (𝑥 cyclShift 𝑛)}))

Theoremeleclclwwlksn 41365* A member of an equivalence class according to . (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 11-May-2018.) (Revised by AV, 1-May-2021.)
𝑊 = (𝑁 ClWWalkSN 𝐺)    &    = {⟨𝑡, 𝑢⟩ ∣ (𝑡𝑊𝑢𝑊 ∧ ∃𝑛 ∈ (0...𝑁)𝑡 = (𝑢 cyclShift 𝑛))}       ((𝐵 ∈ (𝑊 / ) ∧ 𝑋𝐵) → (𝑌𝐵 ↔ (𝑌𝑊 ∧ ∃𝑛 ∈ (0...𝑁)𝑌 = (𝑋 cyclShift 𝑛))))

Theoremhashecclwwlksn1 41366* The size of every equivalence class of the equivalence relation over the set of closed walks (defined as words) with a fixed length which is a prime number is 1 or equals this length. (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 17-Jun-2018.) (Revised by AV, 1-May-2021.)
𝑊 = (𝑁 ClWWalkSN 𝐺)    &    = {⟨𝑡, 𝑢⟩ ∣ (𝑡𝑊𝑢𝑊 ∧ ∃𝑛 ∈ (0...𝑁)𝑡 = (𝑢 cyclShift 𝑛))}       ((𝑁 ∈ ℙ ∧ 𝑈 ∈ (𝑊 / )) → ((#‘𝑈) = 1 ∨ (#‘𝑈) = 𝑁))

Theoremumgrhashecclwwlk 41367* The size of every equivalence class of the equivalence relation over the set of closed walks (defined as words) with a fixed length which is a prime number equals this length (in an undirected simple graph). (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 17-Jun-2018.) (Revised by AV, 1-May-2021.)
𝑊 = (𝑁 ClWWalkSN 𝐺)    &    = {⟨𝑡, 𝑢⟩ ∣ (𝑡𝑊𝑢𝑊 ∧ ∃𝑛 ∈ (0...𝑁)𝑡 = (𝑢 cyclShift 𝑛))}       ((𝐺 ∈ UMGraph ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℙ) → (𝑈 ∈ (𝑊 / ) → (#‘𝑈) = 𝑁))

Theoremfusgrhashclwwlkn 41368* The size of the set of closed walks (defined as words) with a fixed length which is a prime number is the product of the number of equivalence classes for over the set of closed walks and the fixed length. (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 17-Jun-2018.) (Revised by AV, 1-May-2021.)
𝑊 = (𝑁 ClWWalkSN 𝐺)    &    = {⟨𝑡, 𝑢⟩ ∣ (𝑡𝑊𝑢𝑊 ∧ ∃𝑛 ∈ (0...𝑁)𝑡 = (𝑢 cyclShift 𝑛))}       ((𝐺 ∈ FinUSGraph ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℙ) → (#‘𝑊) = ((#‘(𝑊 / )) · 𝑁))

Theoremclwwlksndivn 41369 The size of the set of closed walks (defined as words) of length n is divisible by n. (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 17-Jun-2018.) (Revised by AV, 2-May-2021.)
((𝐺 ∈ FinUSGraph ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℙ) → 𝑁 ∥ (#‘(𝑁 ClWWalkSN 𝐺)))

Theoremclwlksfclwwlk2wrd 41370* The second component of a closed walk is a word over the "vertices". (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 25-Jun-2018.) (Revised by AV, 2-May-2021.)
𝐴 = (1st𝑐)    &   𝐵 = (2nd𝑐)    &   𝐶 = {𝑐 ∈ (ClWalkS‘𝐺) ∣ (#‘𝐴) = 𝑁}    &   𝐹 = (𝑐𝐶 ↦ (𝐵 substr ⟨0, (#‘𝐴)⟩))       (𝑐𝐶𝐵 ∈ Word (Vtx‘𝐺))

Theoremclwlksfclwwlk1hashn 41371* The size of the first component of a closed walk. (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 5-Jul-2018.) (Revised by AV, 2-May-2021.)
𝐴 = (1st𝑐)    &   𝐵 = (2nd𝑐)    &   𝐶 = {𝑐 ∈ (ClWalkS‘𝐺) ∣ (#‘𝐴) = 𝑁}    &   𝐹 = (𝑐𝐶 ↦ (𝐵 substr ⟨0, (#‘𝐴)⟩))       (𝑊𝐶 → (#‘(1st𝑊)) = 𝑁)

Theoremclwlksfclwwlk1hash 41372* The size of the first component of a closed walk is an integer in the range between 0 and the size of the second component. (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 25-Jun-2018.) (Revised by AV, 2-May-2021.)
𝐴 = (1st𝑐)    &   𝐵 = (2nd𝑐)    &   𝐶 = {𝑐 ∈ (ClWalkS‘𝐺) ∣ (#‘𝐴) = 𝑁}    &   𝐹 = (𝑐𝐶 ↦ (𝐵 substr ⟨0, (#‘𝐴)⟩))       (𝑐𝐶 → (#‘𝐴) ∈ (0...(#‘𝐵)))

Theoremclwlksfclwwlk2sswd 41373* The size of a subword of the second component of a closed walk with length of the size of the second component. (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 25-Jun-2018.) (Revised by AV, 2-May-2021.)
𝐴 = (1st𝑐)    &   𝐵 = (2nd𝑐)    &   𝐶 = {𝑐 ∈ (ClWalkS‘𝐺) ∣ (#‘𝐴) = 𝑁}    &   𝐹 = (𝑐𝐶 ↦ (𝐵 substr ⟨0, (#‘𝐴)⟩))       (𝑐𝐶 → (#‘𝐴) = (#‘(𝐵 substr ⟨0, (#‘𝐴)⟩)))

Theoremclwlksfclwwlk 41374* There is a function between the set of closed walks (defined as words) of length n and the set of closed walks of length n. (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 25-Jun-2018.) (Revised by AV, 2-May-2021.)
𝐴 = (1st𝑐)    &   𝐵 = (2nd𝑐)    &   𝐶 = {𝑐 ∈ (ClWalkS‘𝐺) ∣ (#‘𝐴) = 𝑁}    &   𝐹 = (𝑐𝐶 ↦ (𝐵 substr ⟨0, (#‘𝐴)⟩))       ((𝐺 ∈ FinUSGraph ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℙ) → 𝐹:𝐶⟶(𝑁 ClWWalkSN 𝐺))

Theoremclwlksfoclwwlk 41375* There is an onto function between the set of closed walks (defined as words) of length n and the set of closed walks of length n. (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 30-Jun-2018.) (Revised by AV, 2-May-2021.)
𝐴 = (1st𝑐)    &   𝐵 = (2nd𝑐)    &   𝐶 = {𝑐 ∈ (ClWalkS‘𝐺) ∣ (#‘𝐴) = 𝑁}    &   𝐹 = (𝑐𝐶 ↦ (𝐵 substr ⟨0, (#‘𝐴)⟩))       ((𝐺 ∈ FinUSGraph ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℙ) → 𝐹:𝐶onto→(𝑁 ClWWalkSN 𝐺))

Theoremclwlksf1clwwlklem0 41376* Lemma 1 for clwlksf1clwwlklem 41380. (Contributed by AV, 3-May-2021.)
𝐴 = (1st𝑐)    &   𝐵 = (2nd𝑐)    &   𝐶 = {𝑐 ∈ (ClWalkS‘𝐺) ∣ (#‘𝐴) = 𝑁}    &   𝐹 = (𝑐𝐶 ↦ (𝐵 substr ⟨0, (#‘𝐴)⟩))       (𝑊𝐶 → (((1st𝑊) ∈ Word dom (iEdg‘𝐺) ∧ (2nd𝑊):(0...(#‘(1st𝑊)))⟶(Vtx‘𝐺) ∧ ((2nd𝑊)‘0) = ((2nd𝑊)‘(#‘(1st𝑊)))) ∧ (#‘(1st𝑊)) = 𝑁))

Theoremclwlksf1clwwlklem1 41377* Lemma 1 for clwlksf1clwwlklem 41380. (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 5-Jul-2018.) (Revised by AV, 3-May-2021.)
𝐴 = (1st𝑐)    &   𝐵 = (2nd𝑐)    &   𝐶 = {𝑐 ∈ (ClWalkS‘𝐺) ∣ (#‘𝐴) = 𝑁}    &   𝐹 = (𝑐𝐶 ↦ (𝐵 substr ⟨0, (#‘𝐴)⟩))       (𝑊𝐶𝑁 ≤ (#‘(2nd𝑊)))

Theoremclwlksf1clwwlklem2 41378* Lemma 2 for clwlksf1clwwlklem 41380. (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 5-Jul-2018.) (Revised by AV, 3-May-2021.)
𝐴 = (1st𝑐)    &   𝐵 = (2nd𝑐)    &   𝐶 = {𝑐 ∈ (ClWalkS‘𝐺) ∣ (#‘𝐴) = 𝑁}    &   𝐹 = (𝑐𝐶 ↦ (𝐵 substr ⟨0, (#‘𝐴)⟩))       (𝑊𝐶 → ((2nd𝑊)‘0) = ((2nd𝑊)‘𝑁))

Theoremclwlksf1clwwlklem3 41379* Lemma 3 for clwlksf1clwwlklem 41380. (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 5-Jul-2018.) (Revised by AV, 3-May-2021.)
𝐴 = (1st𝑐)    &   𝐵 = (2nd𝑐)    &   𝐶 = {𝑐 ∈ (ClWalkS‘𝐺) ∣ (#‘𝐴) = 𝑁}    &   𝐹 = (𝑐𝐶 ↦ (𝐵 substr ⟨0, (#‘𝐴)⟩))       (𝑊𝐶 → (2nd𝑊) ∈ Word (Vtx‘𝐺))

Theoremclwlksf1clwwlklem 41380* Lemma for clwlksf1clwwlk 41381. (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 5-Jul-2018.) (Revised by AV, 3-May-2021.)
𝐴 = (1st𝑐)    &   𝐵 = (2nd𝑐)    &   𝐶 = {𝑐 ∈ (ClWalkS‘𝐺) ∣ (#‘𝐴) = 𝑁}    &   𝐹 = (𝑐𝐶 ↦ (𝐵 substr ⟨0, (#‘𝐴)⟩))       ((𝑁 ∈ ℕ ∧ 𝑈𝐶𝑊𝐶) → (((2nd𝑈) substr ⟨0, (#‘(1st𝑈))⟩) = ((2nd𝑊) substr ⟨0, (#‘(1st𝑊))⟩) → ∀𝑦 ∈ (0...𝑁)((2nd𝑈)‘𝑦) = ((2nd𝑊)‘𝑦)))

Theoremclwlksf1clwwlk 41381* There is a one-to-one function between the set of closed walks (defined as words) of length n and the set of closed walks of length n (in an undirected simple graph). (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 5-Jul-2018.) (Revised by AV, 3-May-2021.)
𝐴 = (1st𝑐)    &   𝐵 = (2nd𝑐)    &   𝐶 = {𝑐 ∈ (ClWalkS‘𝐺) ∣ (#‘𝐴) = 𝑁}    &   𝐹 = (𝑐𝐶 ↦ (𝐵 substr ⟨0, (#‘𝐴)⟩))       ((𝐺 ∈ FinUSGraph ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℙ) → 𝐹:𝐶1-1→(𝑁 ClWWalkSN 𝐺))

Theoremclwlksf1oclwwlk 41382* There is a one-to-one onto function between the set of closed walks (defined as words) of length n and the set of closed walks of length n (in an undirected simple graph). (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 5-Jul-2018.) (Revised by AV, 3-May-2021.)
𝐴 = (1st𝑐)    &   𝐵 = (2nd𝑐)    &   𝐶 = {𝑐 ∈ (ClWalkS‘𝐺) ∣ (#‘𝐴) = 𝑁}    &   𝐹 = (𝑐𝐶 ↦ (𝐵 substr ⟨0, (#‘𝐴)⟩))       ((𝐺 ∈ FinUSGraph ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℙ) → 𝐹:𝐶1-1-onto→(𝑁 ClWWalkSN 𝐺))

Theoremclwlkssizeeq 41383* The size of the set of closed walks (defined as words) of length n corresponds to the size of the set of closed walks of length n (in an undirected simple graph). (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 6-Jul-2018.) (Revised by AV, 4-May-2021.)
((𝐺 ∈ FinUSGraph ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℙ) → (#‘(𝑁 ClWWalkSN 𝐺)) = (#‘{𝑐 ∈ (ClWalkS‘𝐺) ∣ (#‘(1st𝑐)) = 𝑁}))

Theoremclwlksndivn 41384* The size of the set of closed walks of length n is divisible by n. This corresponds to statement 9 in [Huneke] p. 2: "It follows that, if p is a prime number, then the number of closed walks of length p is divisible by p". (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 6-Jul-2018.) (Revised by AV, 4-May-2021.)
((𝐺 ∈ FinUSGraph ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℙ) → 𝑁 ∥ (#‘{𝑐 ∈ (ClWalkS‘𝐺) ∣ (#‘(1st𝑐)) = 𝑁}))

Theoremclwwlksndisj 41385* The sets of closed walks starting at different vertices are disjunct. (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 7-Oct-2018.) (Revised by AV, 28-May-2021.)
Disj 𝑥𝑉 {𝑤 ∈ (𝑁 ClWWalkSN 𝐺) ∣ (𝑤‘0) = 𝑥}

Theoremclwwlksnun 41386* The set of closed walks of fixed length in a simple graph is the union of the closed walks of the fixed length starting at each of the vertices. (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 7-Oct-2018.) (Revised by AV, 28-May-2021.)
𝑉 = (Vtx‘𝐺)       ((𝐺 ∈ USGraph ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℕ0) → (𝑁 ClWWalkSN 𝐺) = 𝑥𝑉 {𝑤 ∈ (𝑁 ClWWalkSN 𝐺) ∣ (𝑤‘0) = 𝑥})

20.34.8.24  Examples for walks, trails and paths

Theorem0ewlk 41387 The empty set (empty sequence of edges) is an s-walk of edges for all s. (Contributed by AV, 4-Jan-2021.)
((𝐺 ∈ V ∧ 𝑆 ∈ ℕ0*) → ∅ ∈ (𝐺 EdgWalks 𝑆))

Theorem1ewlk 41388 A sequence of 1 edge is an s-walk of edges for all s. (Contributed by AV, 5-Jan-2021.)
((𝐺 ∈ V ∧ 𝑆 ∈ ℕ0*𝐼 ∈ dom (iEdg‘𝐺)) → ⟨“𝐼”⟩ ∈ (𝐺 EdgWalks 𝑆))

Theorem01wlk 41389 A pair of an empty set (of edges) and a second set (of vertices) is a walk iff the second set contains exactly one vertex. (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 30-Oct-2017.) (Revised by AV, 3-Jan-2021.)
𝑉 = (Vtx‘𝐺)       ((𝐺𝑈𝑃𝑍) → (∅(1Walks‘𝐺)𝑃𝑃:(0...0)⟶𝑉))

Theoremis01wlk 41390 A pair of an empty set (of edges) and a sequence of one vertex is a walk (of length 0). (Contributed by AV, 3-Jan-2021.) (Revised by AV, 23-Mar-2021.)
𝑉 = (Vtx‘𝐺)       ((𝑃 = {⟨0, 𝑁⟩} ∧ 𝑁𝑉) → ∅(1Walks‘𝐺)𝑃)

Theorem0wlkOnlem1 41391 Lemma 1 for 0wlkOn 41393 and 0TrlOn 41397. (Contributed by AV, 3-Jan-2021.) (Revised by AV, 23-Mar-2021.)
𝑉 = (Vtx‘𝐺)       ((𝑃:(0...0)⟶𝑉 ∧ (𝑃‘0) = 𝑁) → (𝑁𝑉𝑁𝑉))

Theorem0wlkOnlem2 41392 Lemma 2 for 0wlkOn 41393 and 0TrlOn 41397. (Contributed by AV, 3-Jan-2021.) (Revised by AV, 23-Mar-2021.)
𝑉 = (Vtx‘𝐺)       ((𝑃:(0...0)⟶𝑉 ∧ (𝑃‘0) = 𝑁) → 𝑃 ∈ (𝑉pm (0...0)))

Theorem0wlkOn 41393 A walk of length 0 from a vertex to itself. (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 2-Dec-2017.) (Revised by AV, 3-Jan-2021.) (Revised by AV, 23-Mar-2021.)
𝑉 = (Vtx‘𝐺)       ((𝑃:(0...0)⟶𝑉 ∧ (𝑃‘0) = 𝑁) → ∅(𝑁(WalksOn‘𝐺)𝑁)𝑃)

Theorem0wlkOns1 41394 A walk of length 0 from a vertex to itself. (Contributed by AV, 17-Apr-2021.)
𝑉 = (Vtx‘𝐺)       (𝑁𝑉 → ∅(𝑁(WalksOn‘𝐺)𝑁)⟨“𝑁”⟩)

Theorem0Trl 41395 A pair of an empty set (of edges) and a second set (of vertices) is a trail iff the second set contains exactly one vertex. (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 30-Oct-2017.) (Revised by AV, 7-Jan-2021.)
𝑉 = (Vtx‘𝐺)       ((𝐺𝑈𝑃𝑍) → (∅(TrailS‘𝐺)𝑃𝑃:(0...0)⟶𝑉))

Theoremis0Trl 41396 A pair of an empty set (of edges) and a sequence of one vertex is a trail (of length 0). (Contributed by AV, 7-Jan-2021.) (Revised by AV, 23-Mar-2021.)
𝑉 = (Vtx‘𝐺)       ((𝑃 = {⟨0, 𝑁⟩} ∧ 𝑁𝑉) → ∅(TrailS‘𝐺)𝑃)

Theorem0TrlOn 41397 A trail of length 0 from a vertex to itself. (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 2-Dec-2017.) (Revised by AV, 8-Jan-2021.) (Revised by AV, 23-Mar-2021.)
𝑉 = (Vtx‘𝐺)       ((𝑃:(0...0)⟶𝑉 ∧ (𝑃‘0) = 𝑁) → ∅(𝑁(TrailsOn‘𝐺)𝑁)𝑃)

Theorem0pth-av 41398 A pair of an empty set (of edges) and a second set (of vertices) is a path iff the second set contains exactly one vertex. (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 30-Oct-2017.) (Revised by AV, 19-Jan-2021.)
𝑉 = (Vtx‘𝐺)       ((𝐺𝑊𝑃𝑍) → (∅(PathS‘𝐺)𝑃𝑃:(0...0)⟶𝑉))

Theorem0spth-av 41399 A pair of an empty set (of edges) and a second set (of vertices) is a simple path iff the second set contains exactly one vertex. (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 30-Oct-2017.) (Revised by AV, 18-Jan-2021.)
𝑉 = (Vtx‘𝐺)       ((𝐺𝑊𝑃𝑍) → (∅(SPathS‘𝐺)𝑃𝑃:(0...0)⟶𝑉))

Theorem0pthon-av 41400 A path of length 0 from a vertex to itself. (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 3-Dec-2017.) (Revised by AV, 20-Jan-2021.)
𝑉 = (Vtx‘𝐺)       (𝑁𝑉 → ((𝑃:(0...0)⟶𝑉 ∧ (𝑃‘0) = 𝑁) → ∅(𝑁(PathsOn‘𝐺)𝑁)𝑃))

Page List
Jump to page: Contents  1 1-100 2 101-200 3 201-300 4 301-400 5 401-500 6 501-600 7 601-700 8 701-800 9 801-900 10 901-1000 11 1001-1100 12 1101-1200 13 1201-1300 14 1301-1400 15 1401-1500 16 1501-1600 17 1601-1700 18 1701-1800 19 1801-1900 20 1901-2000 21 2001-2100 22 2101-2200 23 2201-2300 24 2301-2400 25 2401-2500 26 2501-2600 27 2601-2700 28 2701-2800 29 2801-2900 30 2901-3000 31 3001-3100 32 3101-3200 33 3201-3300 34 3301-3400 35 3401-3500 36 3501-3600 37 3601-3700 38 3701-3800 39 3801-3900 40 3901-4000 41 4001-4100 42 4101-4200 43 4201-4300 44 4301-4400 45 4401-4500 46 4501-4600 47 4601-4700 48 4701-4800 49 4801-4900 50 4901-5000 51 5001-5100 52 5101-5200 53 5201-5300 54 5301-5400 55 5401-5500 56 5501-5600 57 5601-5700 58 5701-5800 59 5801-5900 60 5901-6000 61 6001-6100 62 6101-6200 63 6201-6300 64 6301-6400 65 6401-6500 66 6501-6600 67 6601-6700 68 6701-6800 69 6801-6900 70 6901-7000 71 7001-7100 72 7101-7200 73 7201-7300 74 7301-7400 75 7401-7500 76 7501-7600 77 7601-7700 78 7701-7800 79 7801-7900 80 7901-8000 81 8001-8100 82 8101-8200 83 8201-8300 84 8301-8400 85 8401-8500 86 8501-8600 87 8601-8700 88 8701-8800 89 8801-8900 90 8901-9000 91 9001-9100 92 9101-9200 93 9201-9300 94 9301-9400 95 9401-9500 96 9501-9600 97 9601-9700 98 9701-9800 99 9801-9900 100 9901-10000 101 10001-10100 102 10101-10200 103 10201-10300 104 10301-10400 105 10401-10500 106 10501-10600 107 10601-10700 108 10701-10800 109 10801-10900 110 10901-11000 111 11001-11100 112 11101-11200 113 11201-11300 114 11301-11400 115 11401-11500 116 11501-11600 117 11601-11700 118 11701-11800 119 11801-11900 120 11901-12000 121 12001-12100 122 12101-12200 123 12201-12300 124 12301-12400 125 12401-12500 126 12501-12600 127 12601-12700 128 12701-12800 129 12801-12900 130 12901-13000 131 13001-13100 132 13101-13200 133 13201-13300 134 13301-13400 135 13401-13500 136 13501-13600 137 13601-13700 138 13701-13800 139 13801-13900 140 13901-14000 141 14001-14100 142 14101-14200 143 14201-14300 144 14301-14400 145 14401-14500 146 14501-14600 147 14601-14700 148 14701-14800 149 14801-14900 150 14901-15000 151 15001-15100 152 15101-15200 153 15201-15300 154 15301-15400 155 15401-15500 156 15501-15600 157 15601-15700 158 15701-15800 159 15801-15900 160 15901-16000 161 16001-16100 162 16101-16200 163 16201-16300 164 16301-16400 165 16401-16500 166 16501-16600 167 16601-16700 168 16701-16800 169 16801-16900 170 16901-17000 171 17001-17100 172 17101-17200 173 17201-17300 174 17301-17400 175 17401-17500 176 17501-17600 177 17601-17700 178 17701-17800 179 17801-17900 180 17901-18000 181 18001-18100 182 18101-18200 183 18201-18300 184 18301-18400 185 18401-18500 186 18501-18600 187 18601-18700 188 18701-18800 189 18801-18900 190 18901-19000 191 19001-19100 192 19101-19200 193 19201-19300 194 19301-19400 195 19401-19500 196 19501-19600 197 19601-19700 198 19701-19800 199 19801-19900 200 19901-20000 201 20001-20100 202 20101-20200 203 20201-20300 204 20301-20400 205 20401-20500 206 20501-20600 207 20601-20700 208 20701-20800 209 20801-20900 210 20901-21000 211 21001-21100 212 21101-21200 213 21201-21300 214 21301-21400 215 21401-21500 216 21501-21600 217 21601-21700 218 21701-21800 219 21801-21900 220 21901-22000 221 22001-22100 222 22101-22200 223 22201-22300 224 22301-22400 225 22401-22500 226 22501-22600 227 22601-22700 228 22701-22800 229 22801-22900 230 22901-23000 231 23001-23100 232 23101-23200 233 23201-23300 234 23301-23400 235 23401-23500 236 23501-23600 237 23601-23700 238 23701-23800 239 23801-23900 240 23901-24000 241 24001-24100 242 24101-24200 243 24201-24300 244 24301-24400 245 24401-24500 246 24501-24600 247 24601-24700 248 24701-24800 249 24801-24900 250 24901-25000 251 25001-25100 252 25101-25200 253 25201-25300 254 25301-25400 255 25401-25500 256 25501-25600 257 25601-25700 258 25701-25800 259 25801-25900 260 25901-26000 261 26001-26100 262 26101-26200 263 26201-26300 264 26301-26400 265 26401-26500 266 26501-26600 267 26601-26700 268 26701-26800 269 26801-26900 270 26901-27000 271 27001-27100 272 27101-27200 273 27201-27300 274 27301-27400 275 27401-27500 276 27501-27600 277 27601-27700 278 27701-27800 279 27801-27900 280 27901-28000 281 28001-28100 282 28101-28200 283 28201-28300 284 28301-28400 285 28401-28500 286 28501-28600 287 28601-28700 288 28701-28800 289 28801-28900 290 28901-29000 291 29001-29100 292 29101-29200 293 29201-29300 294 29301-29400 295 29401-29500 296 29501-29600 297 29601-29700 298 29701-29800 299 29801-29900 300 29901-30000 301 30001-30100 302 30101-30200 303 30201-30300 304 30301-30400 305 30401-30500 306 30501-30600 307 30601-30700 308 30701-30800 309 30801-30900 310 30901-31000 311 31001-31100 312 31101-31200 313 31201-31300 314 31301-31400 315 31401-31500 316 31501-31600 317 31601-31700 318 31701-31800 319 31801-31900 320 31901-32000 321 32001-32100 322 32101-32200 323 32201-32300 324 32301-32400 325 32401-32500 326 32501-32600 327 32601-32700 328 32701-32800 329 32801-32900 330 32901-33000 331 33001-33100 332 33101-33200 333 33201-33300 334 33301-33400 335 33401-33500 336 33501-33600 337 33601-33700 338 33701-33800 339 33801-33900 340 33901-34000 341 34001-34100 342 34101-34200 343 34201-34300 344 34301-34400 345 34401-34500 346 34501-34600 347 34601-34700 348 34701-34800 349 34801-34900 350 34901-35000 351 35001-35100 352 35101-35200 353 35201-35300 354 35301-35400 355 35401-35500 356 35501-35600 357 35601-35700 358 35701-35800 359 35801-35900 360 35901-36000 361 36001-36100 362 36101-36200 363 36201-36300 364 36301-36400 365 36401-36500 366 36501-36600 367 36601-36700 368 36701-36800 369 36801-36900 370 36901-37000 371 37001-37100 372 37101-37200 373 37201-37300 374 37301-37400 375 37401-37500 376 37501-37600 377 37601-37700 378 37701-37800 379 37801-37900 380 37901-38000 381 38001-38100 382 38101-38200 383 38201-38300 384 38301-38400 385 38401-38500 386 38501-38600 387 38601-38700 388 38701-38800 389 38801-38900 390 38901-39000 391 39001-39100 392 39101-39200 393 39201-39300 394 39301-39400 395 39401-39500 396 39501-39600 397 39601-39700 398 39701-39800 399 39801-39900 400 39901-40000 401 40001-40100 402 40101-40200 403 40201-40300 404 40301-40400 405 40401-40500 406 40501-40600 407 40601-40700 408 40701-40800 409 40801-40900 410 40901-41000 411 41001-41100 412 41101-41200 413 41201-41300 414 41301-41400 415 41401-41500 416 41501-41600 417 41601-41700 418 41701-41800 419 41801-41900 420 41901-42000 421 42001-42100 422 42101-42200 423 42201-42300 424 42301-42400 425 42401-42426
 Copyright terms: Public domain < Previous  Next >