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Theorem List for Metamath Proof Explorer - 4501-4600   *Has distinct variable group(s)
TypeLabelDescription
Statement
 
Theoremnbrne2 4501 Two classes are different if they don't have the same relationship to a third class. (Contributed by NM, 3-Jun-2012.)
((𝐴𝑅𝐶 ∧ ¬ 𝐵𝑅𝐶) → 𝐴𝐵)
 
Theoremeqbrtri 4502 Substitution of equal classes into a binary relation. (Contributed by NM, 1-Aug-1999.)
𝐴 = 𝐵    &   𝐵𝑅𝐶       𝐴𝑅𝐶
 
Theoremeqbrtrd 4503 Substitution of equal classes into a binary relation. (Contributed by NM, 8-Oct-1999.)
(𝜑𝐴 = 𝐵)    &   (𝜑𝐵𝑅𝐶)       (𝜑𝐴𝑅𝐶)
 
Theoremeqbrtrri 4504 Substitution of equal classes into a binary relation. (Contributed by NM, 1-Aug-1999.)
𝐴 = 𝐵    &   𝐴𝑅𝐶       𝐵𝑅𝐶
 
Theoremeqbrtrrd 4505 Substitution of equal classes into a binary relation. (Contributed by NM, 24-Oct-1999.)
(𝜑𝐴 = 𝐵)    &   (𝜑𝐴𝑅𝐶)       (𝜑𝐵𝑅𝐶)
 
Theorembreqtri 4506 Substitution of equal classes into a binary relation. (Contributed by NM, 1-Aug-1999.)
𝐴𝑅𝐵    &   𝐵 = 𝐶       𝐴𝑅𝐶
 
Theorembreqtrd 4507 Substitution of equal classes into a binary relation. (Contributed by NM, 24-Oct-1999.)
(𝜑𝐴𝑅𝐵)    &   (𝜑𝐵 = 𝐶)       (𝜑𝐴𝑅𝐶)
 
Theorembreqtrri 4508 Substitution of equal classes into a binary relation. (Contributed by NM, 1-Aug-1999.)
𝐴𝑅𝐵    &   𝐶 = 𝐵       𝐴𝑅𝐶
 
Theorembreqtrrd 4509 Substitution of equal classes into a binary relation. (Contributed by NM, 24-Oct-1999.)
(𝜑𝐴𝑅𝐵)    &   (𝜑𝐶 = 𝐵)       (𝜑𝐴𝑅𝐶)
 
Theorem3brtr3i 4510 Substitution of equality into both sides of a binary relation. (Contributed by NM, 11-Aug-1999.)
𝐴𝑅𝐵    &   𝐴 = 𝐶    &   𝐵 = 𝐷       𝐶𝑅𝐷
 
Theorem3brtr4i 4511 Substitution of equality into both sides of a binary relation. (Contributed by NM, 11-Aug-1999.)
𝐴𝑅𝐵    &   𝐶 = 𝐴    &   𝐷 = 𝐵       𝐶𝑅𝐷
 
Theorem3brtr3d 4512 Substitution of equality into both sides of a binary relation. (Contributed by NM, 18-Oct-1999.)
(𝜑𝐴𝑅𝐵)    &   (𝜑𝐴 = 𝐶)    &   (𝜑𝐵 = 𝐷)       (𝜑𝐶𝑅𝐷)
 
Theorem3brtr4d 4513 Substitution of equality into both sides of a binary relation. (Contributed by NM, 21-Feb-2005.)
(𝜑𝐴𝑅𝐵)    &   (𝜑𝐶 = 𝐴)    &   (𝜑𝐷 = 𝐵)       (𝜑𝐶𝑅𝐷)
 
Theorem3brtr3g 4514 Substitution of equality into both sides of a binary relation. (Contributed by NM, 16-Jan-1997.)
(𝜑𝐴𝑅𝐵)    &   𝐴 = 𝐶    &   𝐵 = 𝐷       (𝜑𝐶𝑅𝐷)
 
Theorem3brtr4g 4515 Substitution of equality into both sides of a binary relation. (Contributed by NM, 16-Jan-1997.)
(𝜑𝐴𝑅𝐵)    &   𝐶 = 𝐴    &   𝐷 = 𝐵       (𝜑𝐶𝑅𝐷)
 
Theoremsyl5eqbr 4516 A chained equality inference for a binary relation. (Contributed by NM, 11-Oct-1999.)
𝐴 = 𝐵    &   (𝜑𝐵𝑅𝐶)       (𝜑𝐴𝑅𝐶)
 
Theoremsyl5eqbrr 4517 A chained equality inference for a binary relation. (Contributed by NM, 17-Sep-2004.)
𝐵 = 𝐴    &   (𝜑𝐵𝑅𝐶)       (𝜑𝐴𝑅𝐶)
 
Theoremsyl5breq 4518 A chained equality inference for a binary relation. (Contributed by NM, 11-Oct-1999.)
𝐴𝑅𝐵    &   (𝜑𝐵 = 𝐶)       (𝜑𝐴𝑅𝐶)
 
Theoremsyl5breqr 4519 A chained equality inference for a binary relation. (Contributed by NM, 24-Apr-2005.)
𝐴𝑅𝐵    &   (𝜑𝐶 = 𝐵)       (𝜑𝐴𝑅𝐶)
 
Theoremsyl6eqbr 4520 A chained equality inference for a binary relation. (Contributed by NM, 12-Oct-1999.)
(𝜑𝐴 = 𝐵)    &   𝐵𝑅𝐶       (𝜑𝐴𝑅𝐶)
 
Theoremsyl6eqbrr 4521 A chained equality inference for a binary relation. (Contributed by NM, 4-Jan-2006.)
(𝜑𝐵 = 𝐴)    &   𝐵𝑅𝐶       (𝜑𝐴𝑅𝐶)
 
Theoremsyl6breq 4522 A chained equality inference for a binary relation. (Contributed by NM, 11-Oct-1999.)
(𝜑𝐴𝑅𝐵)    &   𝐵 = 𝐶       (𝜑𝐴𝑅𝐶)
 
Theoremsyl6breqr 4523 A chained equality inference for a binary relation. (Contributed by NM, 24-Apr-2005.)
(𝜑𝐴𝑅𝐵)    &   𝐶 = 𝐵       (𝜑𝐴𝑅𝐶)
 
Theoremssbrd 4524 Deduction from a subclass relationship of binary relations. (Contributed by NM, 30-Apr-2004.)
(𝜑𝐴𝐵)       (𝜑 → (𝐶𝐴𝐷𝐶𝐵𝐷))
 
Theoremssbri 4525 Inference from a subclass relationship of binary relations. (Contributed by NM, 28-Mar-2007.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 8-Feb-2015.)
𝐴𝐵       (𝐶𝐴𝐷𝐶𝐵𝐷)
 
Theoremnfbrd 4526 Deduction version of bound-variable hypothesis builder nfbr 4527. (Contributed by NM, 13-Dec-2005.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 14-Oct-2016.)
(𝜑𝑥𝐴)    &   (𝜑𝑥𝑅)    &   (𝜑𝑥𝐵)       (𝜑 → Ⅎ𝑥 𝐴𝑅𝐵)
 
Theoremnfbr 4527 Bound-variable hypothesis builder for binary relation. (Contributed by NM, 1-Sep-1999.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 14-Oct-2016.)
𝑥𝐴    &   𝑥𝑅    &   𝑥𝐵       𝑥 𝐴𝑅𝐵
 
Theorembrab1 4528* Relationship between a binary relation and a class abstraction. (Contributed by Andrew Salmon, 8-Jul-2011.)
(𝑥𝑅𝐴𝑥 ∈ {𝑧𝑧𝑅𝐴})
 
Theorembr0 4529 The empty binary relation never holds. (Contributed by NM, 23-Aug-2018.)
¬ 𝐴𝐵
 
Theorembrne0 4530 If two sets are in a binary relation, the relation cannot be empty. (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 7-Jul-2018.)
(𝐴𝑅𝐵𝑅 ≠ ∅)
 
Theorembrun 4531 The union of two binary relations. (Contributed by NM, 21-Dec-2008.)
(𝐴(𝑅𝑆)𝐵 ↔ (𝐴𝑅𝐵𝐴𝑆𝐵))
 
Theorembrin 4532 The intersection of two relations. (Contributed by FL, 7-Oct-2008.)
(𝐴(𝑅𝑆)𝐵 ↔ (𝐴𝑅𝐵𝐴𝑆𝐵))
 
Theorembrdif 4533 The difference of two binary relations. (Contributed by Scott Fenton, 11-Apr-2011.)
(𝐴(𝑅𝑆)𝐵 ↔ (𝐴𝑅𝐵 ∧ ¬ 𝐴𝑆𝐵))
 
Theoremsbcbr123 4534 Move substitution in and out of a binary relation. (Contributed by NM, 13-Dec-2005.) (Modified by NM, 22-Aug-2018.)
([𝐴 / 𝑥]𝐵𝑅𝐶𝐴 / 𝑥𝐵𝐴 / 𝑥𝑅𝐴 / 𝑥𝐶)
 
Theoremsbcbr 4535* Move substitution in and out of a binary relation. (Contributed by NM, 23-Aug-2018.)
([𝐴 / 𝑥]𝐵𝑅𝐶𝐵𝐴 / 𝑥𝑅𝐶)
 
Theoremsbcbr12g 4536* Move substitution in and out of a binary relation. (Contributed by NM, 13-Dec-2005.)
(𝐴𝑉 → ([𝐴 / 𝑥]𝐵𝑅𝐶𝐴 / 𝑥𝐵𝑅𝐴 / 𝑥𝐶))
 
Theoremsbcbr1g 4537* Move substitution in and out of a binary relation. (Contributed by NM, 13-Dec-2005.)
(𝐴𝑉 → ([𝐴 / 𝑥]𝐵𝑅𝐶𝐴 / 𝑥𝐵𝑅𝐶))
 
Theoremsbcbr2g 4538* Move substitution in and out of a binary relation. (Contributed by NM, 13-Dec-2005.)
(𝐴𝑉 → ([𝐴 / 𝑥]𝐵𝑅𝐶𝐵𝑅𝐴 / 𝑥𝐶))
 
Theorembrsymdif 4539 The binary relationship of a symmetric difference. (Contributed by Scott Fenton, 11-Apr-2012.)
(𝐴(𝑅𝑆)𝐵 ↔ ¬ (𝐴𝑅𝐵𝐴𝑆𝐵))
 
2.1.23  Ordered-pair class abstractions (class builders)
 
Syntaxcopab 4540 Extend class notation to include ordered-pair class abstraction (class builder).
class {⟨𝑥, 𝑦⟩ ∣ 𝜑}
 
Syntaxcmpt 4541 Extend the definition of a class to include maps-to notation for defining a function via a rule.
class (𝑥𝐴𝐵)
 
Definitiondf-opab 4542* Define the class abstraction of a collection of ordered pairs. Definition 3.3 of [Monk1] p. 34. Usually 𝑥 and 𝑦 are distinct, although the definition doesn't strictly require it (see dfid2 4850 for a case where they are not distinct). The brace notation is called "class abstraction" by Quine; it is also (more commonly) called a "class builder" in the literature. An alternate definition using no existential quantifiers is shown by dfopab2 6988. For example, 𝑅 = {⟨𝑥, 𝑦⟩ ∣ (𝑥 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝑦 ∈ ℂ ∧ (𝑥 + 1) = 𝑦)} → 3𝑅4 (ex-opab 26419). (Contributed by NM, 4-Jul-1994.)
{⟨𝑥, 𝑦⟩ ∣ 𝜑} = {𝑧 ∣ ∃𝑥𝑦(𝑧 = ⟨𝑥, 𝑦⟩ ∧ 𝜑)}
 
Definitiondf-mpt 4543* Define maps-to notation for defining a function via a rule. Read as "the function defined by the map from 𝑥 (in 𝐴) to 𝐵(𝑥)." The class expression 𝐵 is the value of the function at 𝑥 and normally contains the variable 𝑥. An example is the square function for complex numbers, (𝑥 ∈ ℂ ↦ (𝑥↑2)). Similar to the definition of mapping in [ChoquetDD] p. 2. (Contributed by NM, 17-Feb-2008.)
(𝑥𝐴𝐵) = {⟨𝑥, 𝑦⟩ ∣ (𝑥𝐴𝑦 = 𝐵)}
 
Theoremopabss 4544* The collection of ordered pairs in a class is a subclass of it. (Contributed by NM, 27-Dec-1996.) (Proof shortened by Andrew Salmon, 9-Jul-2011.)
{⟨𝑥, 𝑦⟩ ∣ 𝑥𝑅𝑦} ⊆ 𝑅
 
Theoremopabbid 4545 Equivalent wff's yield equal ordered-pair class abstractions (deduction rule). (Contributed by NM, 21-Feb-2004.) (Proof shortened by Andrew Salmon, 9-Jul-2011.)
𝑥𝜑    &   𝑦𝜑    &   (𝜑 → (𝜓𝜒))       (𝜑 → {⟨𝑥, 𝑦⟩ ∣ 𝜓} = {⟨𝑥, 𝑦⟩ ∣ 𝜒})
 
Theoremopabbidv 4546* Equivalent wff's yield equal ordered-pair class abstractions (deduction rule). (Contributed by NM, 15-May-1995.)
(𝜑 → (𝜓𝜒))       (𝜑 → {⟨𝑥, 𝑦⟩ ∣ 𝜓} = {⟨𝑥, 𝑦⟩ ∣ 𝜒})
 
Theoremopabbii 4547 Equivalent wff's yield equal class abstractions. (Contributed by NM, 15-May-1995.)
(𝜑𝜓)       {⟨𝑥, 𝑦⟩ ∣ 𝜑} = {⟨𝑥, 𝑦⟩ ∣ 𝜓}
 
Theoremnfopab 4548* Bound-variable hypothesis builder for class abstraction. (Contributed by NM, 1-Sep-1999.) (Unnecessary distinct variable restrictions were removed by Andrew Salmon, 11-Jul-2011.)
𝑧𝜑       𝑧{⟨𝑥, 𝑦⟩ ∣ 𝜑}
 
Theoremnfopab1 4549 The first abstraction variable in an ordered-pair class abstraction (class builder) is effectively not free. (Contributed by NM, 16-May-1995.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 14-Oct-2016.)
𝑥{⟨𝑥, 𝑦⟩ ∣ 𝜑}
 
Theoremnfopab2 4550 The second abstraction variable in an ordered-pair class abstraction (class builder) is effectively not free. (Contributed by NM, 16-May-1995.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 14-Oct-2016.)
𝑦{⟨𝑥, 𝑦⟩ ∣ 𝜑}
 
Theoremcbvopab 4551* Rule used to change bound variables in an ordered-pair class abstraction, using implicit substitution. (Contributed by NM, 14-Sep-2003.)
𝑧𝜑    &   𝑤𝜑    &   𝑥𝜓    &   𝑦𝜓    &   ((𝑥 = 𝑧𝑦 = 𝑤) → (𝜑𝜓))       {⟨𝑥, 𝑦⟩ ∣ 𝜑} = {⟨𝑧, 𝑤⟩ ∣ 𝜓}
 
Theoremcbvopabv 4552* Rule used to change bound variables in an ordered-pair class abstraction, using implicit substitution. (Contributed by NM, 15-Oct-1996.)
((𝑥 = 𝑧𝑦 = 𝑤) → (𝜑𝜓))       {⟨𝑥, 𝑦⟩ ∣ 𝜑} = {⟨𝑧, 𝑤⟩ ∣ 𝜓}
 
Theoremcbvopab1 4553* Change first bound variable in an ordered-pair class abstraction, using explicit substitution. (Contributed by NM, 6-Oct-2004.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 14-Oct-2016.)
𝑧𝜑    &   𝑥𝜓    &   (𝑥 = 𝑧 → (𝜑𝜓))       {⟨𝑥, 𝑦⟩ ∣ 𝜑} = {⟨𝑧, 𝑦⟩ ∣ 𝜓}
 
Theoremcbvopab2 4554* Change second bound variable in an ordered-pair class abstraction, using explicit substitution. (Contributed by NM, 22-Aug-2013.)
𝑧𝜑    &   𝑦𝜓    &   (𝑦 = 𝑧 → (𝜑𝜓))       {⟨𝑥, 𝑦⟩ ∣ 𝜑} = {⟨𝑥, 𝑧⟩ ∣ 𝜓}
 
Theoremcbvopab1s 4555* Change first bound variable in an ordered-pair class abstraction, using explicit substitution. (Contributed by NM, 31-Jul-2003.)
{⟨𝑥, 𝑦⟩ ∣ 𝜑} = {⟨𝑧, 𝑦⟩ ∣ [𝑧 / 𝑥]𝜑}
 
Theoremcbvopab1v 4556* Rule used to change the first bound variable in an ordered pair abstraction, using implicit substitution. (Contributed by NM, 31-Jul-2003.) (Proof shortened by Eric Schmidt, 4-Apr-2007.)
(𝑥 = 𝑧 → (𝜑𝜓))       {⟨𝑥, 𝑦⟩ ∣ 𝜑} = {⟨𝑧, 𝑦⟩ ∣ 𝜓}
 
Theoremcbvopab2v 4557* Rule used to change the second bound variable in an ordered pair abstraction, using implicit substitution. (Contributed by NM, 2-Sep-1999.)
(𝑦 = 𝑧 → (𝜑𝜓))       {⟨𝑥, 𝑦⟩ ∣ 𝜑} = {⟨𝑥, 𝑧⟩ ∣ 𝜓}
 
Theoremunopab 4558 Union of two ordered pair class abstractions. (Contributed by NM, 30-Sep-2002.)
({⟨𝑥, 𝑦⟩ ∣ 𝜑} ∪ {⟨𝑥, 𝑦⟩ ∣ 𝜓}) = {⟨𝑥, 𝑦⟩ ∣ (𝜑𝜓)}
 
Theoremmpteq12f 4559 An equality theorem for the maps to notation. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 16-Dec-2013.)
((∀𝑥 𝐴 = 𝐶 ∧ ∀𝑥𝐴 𝐵 = 𝐷) → (𝑥𝐴𝐵) = (𝑥𝐶𝐷))
 
Theoremmpteq12dva 4560* An equality inference for the maps to notation. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 26-Jan-2017.)
(𝜑𝐴 = 𝐶)    &   ((𝜑𝑥𝐴) → 𝐵 = 𝐷)       (𝜑 → (𝑥𝐴𝐵) = (𝑥𝐶𝐷))
 
Theoremmpteq12dv 4561* An equality inference for the maps to notation. (Contributed by NM, 24-Aug-2011.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 16-Dec-2013.)
(𝜑𝐴 = 𝐶)    &   (𝜑𝐵 = 𝐷)       (𝜑 → (𝑥𝐴𝐵) = (𝑥𝐶𝐷))
 
Theoremmpteq12 4562* An equality theorem for the maps to notation. (Contributed by NM, 16-Dec-2013.)
((𝐴 = 𝐶 ∧ ∀𝑥𝐴 𝐵 = 𝐷) → (𝑥𝐴𝐵) = (𝑥𝐶𝐷))
 
Theoremmpteq1 4563* An equality theorem for the maps to notation. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 16-Dec-2013.)
(𝐴 = 𝐵 → (𝑥𝐴𝐶) = (𝑥𝐵𝐶))
 
Theoremmpteq1d 4564* An equality theorem for the maps to notation. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 11-Jun-2016.)
(𝜑𝐴 = 𝐵)       (𝜑 → (𝑥𝐴𝐶) = (𝑥𝐵𝐶))
 
Theoremmpteq1i 4565* An equality theorem for the maps to notation. (Contributed by Glauco Siliprandi, 17-Aug-2020.)
𝐴 = 𝐵       (𝑥𝐴𝐶) = (𝑥𝐵𝐶)
 
Theoremmpteq2ia 4566 An equality inference for the maps to notation. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 16-Dec-2013.)
(𝑥𝐴𝐵 = 𝐶)       (𝑥𝐴𝐵) = (𝑥𝐴𝐶)
 
Theoremmpteq2i 4567 An equality inference for the maps to notation. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 16-Dec-2013.)
𝐵 = 𝐶       (𝑥𝐴𝐵) = (𝑥𝐴𝐶)
 
Theoremmpteq12i 4568 An equality inference for the maps to notation. (Contributed by Scott Fenton, 27-Oct-2010.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 16-Dec-2013.)
𝐴 = 𝐶    &   𝐵 = 𝐷       (𝑥𝐴𝐵) = (𝑥𝐶𝐷)
 
Theoremmpteq2da 4569 Slightly more general equality inference for the maps to notation. (Contributed by FL, 14-Sep-2013.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 16-Dec-2013.)
𝑥𝜑    &   ((𝜑𝑥𝐴) → 𝐵 = 𝐶)       (𝜑 → (𝑥𝐴𝐵) = (𝑥𝐴𝐶))
 
Theoremmpteq2dva 4570* Slightly more general equality inference for the maps to notation. (Contributed by Scott Fenton, 25-Apr-2012.)
((𝜑𝑥𝐴) → 𝐵 = 𝐶)       (𝜑 → (𝑥𝐴𝐵) = (𝑥𝐴𝐶))
 
Theoremmpteq2dv 4571* An equality inference for the maps to notation. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 23-Aug-2014.)
(𝜑𝐵 = 𝐶)       (𝜑 → (𝑥𝐴𝐵) = (𝑥𝐴𝐶))
 
Theoremnfmpt 4572* Bound-variable hypothesis builder for the maps-to notation. (Contributed by NM, 20-Feb-2013.)
𝑥𝐴    &   𝑥𝐵       𝑥(𝑦𝐴𝐵)
 
Theoremnfmpt1 4573 Bound-variable hypothesis builder for the maps-to notation. (Contributed by FL, 17-Feb-2008.)
𝑥(𝑥𝐴𝐵)
 
Theoremcbvmptf 4574* Rule to change the bound variable in a maps-to function, using implicit substitution. This version has bound-variable hypotheses in place of distinct variable conditions. (Contributed by Thierry Arnoux, 9-Mar-2017.)
𝑥𝐴    &   𝑦𝐴    &   𝑦𝐵    &   𝑥𝐶    &   (𝑥 = 𝑦𝐵 = 𝐶)       (𝑥𝐴𝐵) = (𝑦𝐴𝐶)
 
Theoremcbvmpt 4575* Rule to change the bound variable in a maps-to function, using implicit substitution. This version has bound-variable hypotheses in place of distinct variable conditions. (Contributed by NM, 11-Sep-2011.)
𝑦𝐵    &   𝑥𝐶    &   (𝑥 = 𝑦𝐵 = 𝐶)       (𝑥𝐴𝐵) = (𝑦𝐴𝐶)
 
Theoremcbvmptv 4576* Rule to change the bound variable in a maps-to function, using implicit substitution. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 19-Feb-2013.)
(𝑥 = 𝑦𝐵 = 𝐶)       (𝑥𝐴𝐵) = (𝑦𝐴𝐶)
 
Theoremmptv 4577* Function with universal domain in maps-to notation. (Contributed by NM, 16-Aug-2013.)
(𝑥 ∈ V ↦ 𝐵) = {⟨𝑥, 𝑦⟩ ∣ 𝑦 = 𝐵}
 
2.1.24  Transitive classes
 
Syntaxwtr 4578 Extend wff notation to include transitive classes. Notation from [TakeutiZaring] p. 35.
wff Tr 𝐴
 
Definitiondf-tr 4579 Define the transitive class predicate. Not to be confused with a transitive relation (see cotr 5318). Definition of [Enderton] p. 71 extended to arbitrary classes. For alternate definitions, see dftr2 4580 (which is suggestive of the word "transitive"), dftr3 4582, dftr4 4583, dftr5 4581, and (when 𝐴 is a set) unisuc 5606. The term "complete" is used instead of "transitive" in Definition 3 of [Suppes] p. 130. (Contributed by NM, 29-Aug-1993.)
(Tr 𝐴 𝐴𝐴)
 
Theoremdftr2 4580* An alternate way of defining a transitive class. Exercise 7 of [TakeutiZaring] p. 40. (Contributed by NM, 24-Apr-1994.)
(Tr 𝐴 ↔ ∀𝑥𝑦((𝑥𝑦𝑦𝐴) → 𝑥𝐴))
 
Theoremdftr5 4581* An alternate way of defining a transitive class. (Contributed by NM, 20-Mar-2004.)
(Tr 𝐴 ↔ ∀𝑥𝐴𝑦𝑥 𝑦𝐴)
 
Theoremdftr3 4582* An alternate way of defining a transitive class. Definition 7.1 of [TakeutiZaring] p. 35. (Contributed by NM, 29-Aug-1993.)
(Tr 𝐴 ↔ ∀𝑥𝐴 𝑥𝐴)
 
Theoremdftr4 4583 An alternate way of defining a transitive class. Definition of [Enderton] p. 71. (Contributed by NM, 29-Aug-1993.)
(Tr 𝐴𝐴 ⊆ 𝒫 𝐴)
 
Theoremtreq 4584 Equality theorem for the transitive class predicate. (Contributed by NM, 17-Sep-1993.)
(𝐴 = 𝐵 → (Tr 𝐴 ↔ Tr 𝐵))
 
Theoremtrel 4585 In a transitive class, the membership relation is transitive. (Contributed by NM, 19-Apr-1994.) (Proof shortened by Andrew Salmon, 9-Jul-2011.)
(Tr 𝐴 → ((𝐵𝐶𝐶𝐴) → 𝐵𝐴))
 
Theoremtrel3 4586 In a transitive class, the membership relation is transitive. (Contributed by NM, 19-Apr-1994.)
(Tr 𝐴 → ((𝐵𝐶𝐶𝐷𝐷𝐴) → 𝐵𝐴))
 
Theoremtrss 4587 An element of a transitive class is a subset of the class. (Contributed by NM, 7-Aug-1994.) (Proof shortened by JJ, 26-Jul-2021.)
(Tr 𝐴 → (𝐵𝐴𝐵𝐴))
 
TheoremtrssOLD 4588 Obsolete proof of trss 4587 as of 26-Jul-2021. (Contributed by NM, 7-Aug-1994.) (New usage is discouraged.) (Proof modification is discouraged.)
(Tr 𝐴 → (𝐵𝐴𝐵𝐴))
 
Theoremtrin 4589 The intersection of transitive classes is transitive. (Contributed by NM, 9-May-1994.)
((Tr 𝐴 ∧ Tr 𝐵) → Tr (𝐴𝐵))
 
Theoremtr0 4590 The empty set is transitive. (Contributed by NM, 16-Sep-1993.)
Tr ∅
 
Theoremtrv 4591 The universe is transitive. (Contributed by NM, 14-Sep-2003.)
Tr V
 
Theoremtriun 4592* The indexed union of a class of transitive sets is transitive. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 16-Nov-2014.)
(∀𝑥𝐴 Tr 𝐵 → Tr 𝑥𝐴 𝐵)
 
Theoremtruni 4593* The union of a class of transitive sets is transitive. Exercise 5(a) of [Enderton] p. 73. (Contributed by Scott Fenton, 21-Feb-2011.) (Proof shortened by Mario Carneiro, 26-Apr-2014.)
(∀𝑥𝐴 Tr 𝑥 → Tr 𝐴)
 
Theoremtrint 4594* The intersection of a class of transitive sets is transitive. Exercise 5(b) of [Enderton] p. 73. (Contributed by Scott Fenton, 25-Feb-2011.)
(∀𝑥𝐴 Tr 𝑥 → Tr 𝐴)
 
Theoremtrintss 4595 If 𝐴 is transitive and non-null, then 𝐴 is a subset of 𝐴. (Contributed by Scott Fenton, 3-Mar-2011.)
((𝐴 ≠ ∅ ∧ Tr 𝐴) → 𝐴𝐴)
 
Theoremtrint0 4596 Any nonempty transitive class includes its intersection. Exercise 2 in [TakeutiZaring] p. 44. (Contributed by Andrew Salmon, 14-Nov-2011.)
((Tr 𝐴𝐴 ≠ ∅) → 𝐴𝐴)
 
2.2  ZF Set Theory - add the Axiom of Replacement
 
2.2.1  Introduce the Axiom of Replacement
 
Axiomax-rep 4597* Axiom of Replacement. An axiom scheme of Zermelo-Fraenkel set theory. Axiom 5 of [TakeutiZaring] p. 19. It tells us that the image of any set under a function is also a set (see the variant funimaex 5775). Although 𝜑 may be any wff whatsoever, this axiom is useful (i.e. its antecedent is satisfied) when we are given some function and 𝜑 encodes the predicate "the value of the function at 𝑤 is 𝑧." Thus, 𝜑 will ordinarily have free variables 𝑤 and 𝑧- think of it informally as 𝜑(𝑤, 𝑧). We prefix 𝜑 with the quantifier 𝑦 in order to "protect" the axiom from any 𝜑 containing 𝑦, thus allowing us to eliminate any restrictions on 𝜑. Another common variant is derived as axrep5 4602, where you can find some further remarks. A slightly more compact version is shown as axrep2 4599. A quite different variant is zfrep6 6902, which if used in place of ax-rep 4597 would also require that the Separation Scheme axsep 4606 be stated as a separate axiom.

There is a very strong generalization of Replacement that doesn't demand function-like behavior of 𝜑. Two versions of this generalization are called the Collection Principle cp 8513 and the Boundedness Axiom bnd 8514.

Many developments of set theory distinguish the uses of Replacement from uses of the weaker axioms of Separation axsep 4606, Null Set axnul 4614, and Pairing axpr 4731, all of which we derive from Replacement. In order to make it easier to identify the uses of those redundant axioms, we restate them as axioms ax-sep 4607, ax-nul 4616, and ax-pr 4732 below the theorems that prove them. (Contributed by NM, 23-Dec-1993.)

(∀𝑤𝑦𝑧(∀𝑦𝜑𝑧 = 𝑦) → ∃𝑦𝑧(𝑧𝑦 ↔ ∃𝑤(𝑤𝑥 ∧ ∀𝑦𝜑)))
 
Theoremaxrep1 4598* The version of the Axiom of Replacement used in the Metamath Solitaire applet http://us.metamath.org/mmsolitaire/mms.html. Equivalence is shown via the path ax-rep 4597 axrep1 4598 axrep2 4599 axrepnd 9171 zfcndrep 9191 = ax-rep 4597. (Contributed by NM, 19-Nov-2005.) (Proof shortened by Mario Carneiro, 17-Nov-2016.)
𝑥(∃𝑦𝑧(𝜑𝑧 = 𝑦) → ∀𝑧(𝑧𝑥 ↔ ∃𝑥(𝑥𝑦𝜑)))
 
Theoremaxrep2 4599* Axiom of Replacement expressed with the fewest number of different variables and without any restrictions on 𝜑. (Contributed by NM, 15-Aug-2003.)
𝑥(∃𝑦𝑧(𝜑𝑧 = 𝑦) → ∀𝑧(𝑧𝑥 ↔ ∃𝑥(𝑥𝑦 ∧ ∀𝑦𝜑)))
 
Theoremaxrep3 4600* Axiom of Replacement slightly strengthened from axrep2 4599; 𝑤 may occur free in 𝜑. (Contributed by NM, 2-Jan-1997.)
𝑥(∃𝑦𝑧(𝜑𝑧 = 𝑦) → ∀𝑧(𝑧𝑥 ↔ ∃𝑥(𝑥𝑤 ∧ ∀𝑦𝜑)))
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