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Theorem List for Metamath Proof Explorer - 7801-7900   *Has distinct variable group(s)
TypeLabelDescription
Statement
 
Theoremunen 7801 Equinumerosity of union of disjoint sets. Theorem 4 of [Suppes] p. 92. (Contributed by NM, 11-Jun-1998.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 26-Apr-2015.)
(((𝐴𝐵𝐶𝐷) ∧ ((𝐴𝐶) = ∅ ∧ (𝐵𝐷) = ∅)) → (𝐴𝐶) ≈ (𝐵𝐷))
 
Theoremssct 7802 Any subset of a countable set is countable. (Contributed by Thierry Arnoux, 31-Jan-2017.)
((𝐴𝐵𝐵 ≼ ω) → 𝐴 ≼ ω)
 
Theoremdifsnen 7803 All decrements of a set are equinumerous. (Contributed by Stefan O'Rear, 19-Feb-2015.)
((𝑋𝑉𝐴𝑋𝐵𝑋) → (𝑋 ∖ {𝐴}) ≈ (𝑋 ∖ {𝐵}))
 
Theoremdomdifsn 7804 Dominance over a set with one element removed. (Contributed by Stefan O'Rear, 19-Feb-2015.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 24-Jun-2015.)
(𝐴𝐵𝐴 ≼ (𝐵 ∖ {𝐶}))
 
Theoremxpsnen 7805 A set is equinumerous to its Cartesian product with a singleton. Proposition 4.22(c) of [Mendelson] p. 254. (Contributed by NM, 4-Jan-2004.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 15-Nov-2014.)
𝐴 ∈ V    &   𝐵 ∈ V       (𝐴 × {𝐵}) ≈ 𝐴
 
Theoremxpsneng 7806 A set is equinumerous to its Cartesian product with a singleton. Proposition 4.22(c) of [Mendelson] p. 254. (Contributed by NM, 22-Oct-2004.)
((𝐴𝑉𝐵𝑊) → (𝐴 × {𝐵}) ≈ 𝐴)
 
Theoremxp1en 7807 One times a cardinal number. (Contributed by NM, 27-Sep-2004.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 29-Apr-2015.)
(𝐴𝑉 → (𝐴 × 1𝑜) ≈ 𝐴)
 
Theoremendisj 7808* Any two sets are equinumerous to disjoint sets. Exercise 4.39 of [Mendelson] p. 255. (Contributed by NM, 16-Apr-2004.)
𝐴 ∈ V    &   𝐵 ∈ V       𝑥𝑦((𝑥𝐴𝑦𝐵) ∧ (𝑥𝑦) = ∅)
 
Theoremundom 7809 Dominance law for union. Proposition 4.24(a) of [Mendelson] p. 257. (Contributed by NM, 3-Sep-2004.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 26-Apr-2015.)
(((𝐴𝐵𝐶𝐷) ∧ (𝐵𝐷) = ∅) → (𝐴𝐶) ≼ (𝐵𝐷))
 
Theoremxpcomf1o 7810* The canonical bijection from (𝐴 × 𝐵) to (𝐵 × 𝐴). (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 23-Apr-2014.)
𝐹 = (𝑥 ∈ (𝐴 × 𝐵) ↦ {𝑥})       𝐹:(𝐴 × 𝐵)–1-1-onto→(𝐵 × 𝐴)
 
Theoremxpcomco 7811* Composition with the bijection of xpcomf1o 7810 swaps the arguments to a mapping. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 30-May-2015.)
𝐹 = (𝑥 ∈ (𝐴 × 𝐵) ↦ {𝑥})    &   𝐺 = (𝑦𝐵, 𝑧𝐴𝐶)       (𝐺𝐹) = (𝑧𝐴, 𝑦𝐵𝐶)
 
Theoremxpcomen 7812 Commutative law for equinumerosity of Cartesian product. Proposition 4.22(d) of [Mendelson] p. 254. (Contributed by NM, 5-Jan-2004.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 15-Nov-2014.)
𝐴 ∈ V    &   𝐵 ∈ V       (𝐴 × 𝐵) ≈ (𝐵 × 𝐴)
 
Theoremxpcomeng 7813 Commutative law for equinumerosity of Cartesian product. Proposition 4.22(d) of [Mendelson] p. 254. (Contributed by NM, 27-Mar-2006.)
((𝐴𝑉𝐵𝑊) → (𝐴 × 𝐵) ≈ (𝐵 × 𝐴))
 
Theoremxpsnen2g 7814 A set is equinumerous to its Cartesian product with a singleton on the left. (Contributed by Stefan O'Rear, 21-Nov-2014.)
((𝐴𝑉𝐵𝑊) → ({𝐴} × 𝐵) ≈ 𝐵)
 
Theoremxpassen 7815 Associative law for equinumerosity of Cartesian product. Proposition 4.22(e) of [Mendelson] p. 254. (Contributed by NM, 22-Jan-2004.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 15-Nov-2014.)
𝐴 ∈ V    &   𝐵 ∈ V    &   𝐶 ∈ V       ((𝐴 × 𝐵) × 𝐶) ≈ (𝐴 × (𝐵 × 𝐶))
 
Theoremxpdom2 7816 Dominance law for Cartesian product. Proposition 10.33(2) of [TakeutiZaring] p. 92. (Contributed by NM, 24-Jul-2004.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 15-Nov-2014.)
𝐶 ∈ V       (𝐴𝐵 → (𝐶 × 𝐴) ≼ (𝐶 × 𝐵))
 
Theoremxpdom2g 7817 Dominance law for Cartesian product. Theorem 6L(c) of [Enderton] p. 149. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 26-Apr-2015.)
((𝐶𝑉𝐴𝐵) → (𝐶 × 𝐴) ≼ (𝐶 × 𝐵))
 
Theoremxpdom1g 7818 Dominance law for Cartesian product. Theorem 6L(c) of [Enderton] p. 149. (Contributed by NM, 25-Mar-2006.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 26-Apr-2015.)
((𝐶𝑉𝐴𝐵) → (𝐴 × 𝐶) ≼ (𝐵 × 𝐶))
 
Theoremxpdom3 7819 A set is dominated by its Cartesian product with a nonempty set. Exercise 6 of [Suppes] p. 98. (Contributed by NM, 27-Jul-2004.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 29-Apr-2015.)
((𝐴𝑉𝐵𝑊𝐵 ≠ ∅) → 𝐴 ≼ (𝐴 × 𝐵))
 
Theoremxpdom1 7820 Dominance law for Cartesian product. Theorem 6L(c) of [Enderton] p. 149. (Contributed by NM, 28-Sep-2004.) (Revised by NM, 29-Mar-2006.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 7-May-2015.)
𝐶 ∈ V       (𝐴𝐵 → (𝐴 × 𝐶) ≼ (𝐵 × 𝐶))
 
Theoremdomunsncan 7821 A singleton cancellation law for dominance. (Contributed by Stefan O'Rear, 19-Feb-2015.) (Revised by Stefan O'Rear, 5-May-2015.)
𝐴 ∈ V    &   𝐵 ∈ V       ((¬ 𝐴𝑋 ∧ ¬ 𝐵𝑌) → (({𝐴} ∪ 𝑋) ≼ ({𝐵} ∪ 𝑌) ↔ 𝑋𝑌))
 
Theoremomxpenlem 7822* Lemma for omxpen 7823. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 3-Mar-2013.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 25-May-2015.)
𝐹 = (𝑥𝐵, 𝑦𝐴 ↦ ((𝐴 ·𝑜 𝑥) +𝑜 𝑦))       ((𝐴 ∈ On ∧ 𝐵 ∈ On) → 𝐹:(𝐵 × 𝐴)–1-1-onto→(𝐴 ·𝑜 𝐵))
 
Theoremomxpen 7823 The cardinal and ordinal products are always equinumerous. Exercise 10 of [TakeutiZaring] p. 89. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 3-Mar-2013.)
((𝐴 ∈ On ∧ 𝐵 ∈ On) → (𝐴 ·𝑜 𝐵) ≈ (𝐴 × 𝐵))
 
Theoremomf1o 7824* Construct an explicit bijection from 𝐴 ·𝑜 𝐵 to 𝐵 ·𝑜 𝐴. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 30-May-2015.)
𝐹 = (𝑥𝐵, 𝑦𝐴 ↦ ((𝐴 ·𝑜 𝑥) +𝑜 𝑦))    &   𝐺 = (𝑥𝐵, 𝑦𝐴 ↦ ((𝐵 ·𝑜 𝑦) +𝑜 𝑥))       ((𝐴 ∈ On ∧ 𝐵 ∈ On) → (𝐺𝐹):(𝐴 ·𝑜 𝐵)–1-1-onto→(𝐵 ·𝑜 𝐴))
 
Theorempw2f1olem 7825* Lemma for pw2f1o 7826. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 6-Oct-2014.)
(𝜑𝐴𝑉)    &   (𝜑𝐵𝑊)    &   (𝜑𝐶𝑊)    &   (𝜑𝐵𝐶)       (𝜑 → ((𝑆 ∈ 𝒫 𝐴𝐺 = (𝑧𝐴 ↦ if(𝑧𝑆, 𝐶, 𝐵))) ↔ (𝐺 ∈ ({𝐵, 𝐶} ↑𝑚 𝐴) ∧ 𝑆 = (𝐺 “ {𝐶}))))
 
Theorempw2f1o 7826* The power set of a set is equinumerous to set exponentiation with an unordered pair base of ordinal 2. Generalized from Proposition 10.44 of [TakeutiZaring] p. 96. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 6-Oct-2014.)
(𝜑𝐴𝑉)    &   (𝜑𝐵𝑊)    &   (𝜑𝐶𝑊)    &   (𝜑𝐵𝐶)    &   𝐹 = (𝑥 ∈ 𝒫 𝐴 ↦ (𝑧𝐴 ↦ if(𝑧𝑥, 𝐶, 𝐵)))       (𝜑𝐹:𝒫 𝐴1-1-onto→({𝐵, 𝐶} ↑𝑚 𝐴))
 
Theorempw2eng 7827 The power set of a set is equinumerous to set exponentiation with a base of ordinal 2𝑜. (Contributed by FL, 22-Feb-2011.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 1-Jul-2015.)
(𝐴𝑉 → 𝒫 𝐴 ≈ (2𝑜𝑚 𝐴))
 
Theorempw2en 7828 The power set of a set is equinumerous to set exponentiation with a base of ordinal 2. Proposition 10.44 of [TakeutiZaring] p. 96. This is Metamath 100 proof #52. (Contributed by NM, 29-Jan-2004.) (Proof shortened by Mario Carneiro, 1-Jul-2015.)
𝐴 ∈ V       𝒫 𝐴 ≈ (2𝑜𝑚 𝐴)
 
Theoremfopwdom 7829 Covering implies injection on power sets. (Contributed by Stefan O'Rear, 6-Nov-2014.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 24-Jun-2015.) (Revised by AV, 18-Sep-2021.)
((𝐹𝑉𝐹:𝐴onto𝐵) → 𝒫 𝐵 ≼ 𝒫 𝐴)
 
Theoremenfixsn 7830* Given two equipollent sets, a bijection can always be chosen which fixes a single point. (Contributed by Stefan O'Rear, 9-Jul-2015.)
((𝐴𝑋𝐵𝑌𝑋𝑌) → ∃𝑓(𝑓:𝑋1-1-onto𝑌 ∧ (𝑓𝐴) = 𝐵))
 
2.4.24  Schroeder-Bernstein Theorem
 
Theoremsbthlem1 7831* Lemma for sbth 7841. (Contributed by NM, 22-Mar-1998.)
𝐴 ∈ V    &   𝐷 = {𝑥 ∣ (𝑥𝐴 ∧ (𝑔 “ (𝐵 ∖ (𝑓𝑥))) ⊆ (𝐴𝑥))}        𝐷 ⊆ (𝐴 ∖ (𝑔 “ (𝐵 ∖ (𝑓 𝐷))))
 
Theoremsbthlem2 7832* Lemma for sbth 7841. (Contributed by NM, 22-Mar-1998.)
𝐴 ∈ V    &   𝐷 = {𝑥 ∣ (𝑥𝐴 ∧ (𝑔 “ (𝐵 ∖ (𝑓𝑥))) ⊆ (𝐴𝑥))}       (ran 𝑔𝐴 → (𝐴 ∖ (𝑔 “ (𝐵 ∖ (𝑓 𝐷)))) ⊆ 𝐷)
 
Theoremsbthlem3 7833* Lemma for sbth 7841. (Contributed by NM, 22-Mar-1998.)
𝐴 ∈ V    &   𝐷 = {𝑥 ∣ (𝑥𝐴 ∧ (𝑔 “ (𝐵 ∖ (𝑓𝑥))) ⊆ (𝐴𝑥))}       (ran 𝑔𝐴 → (𝑔 “ (𝐵 ∖ (𝑓 𝐷))) = (𝐴 𝐷))
 
Theoremsbthlem4 7834* Lemma for sbth 7841. (Contributed by NM, 27-Mar-1998.)
𝐴 ∈ V    &   𝐷 = {𝑥 ∣ (𝑥𝐴 ∧ (𝑔 “ (𝐵 ∖ (𝑓𝑥))) ⊆ (𝐴𝑥))}       (((dom 𝑔 = 𝐵 ∧ ran 𝑔𝐴) ∧ Fun 𝑔) → (𝑔 “ (𝐴 𝐷)) = (𝐵 ∖ (𝑓 𝐷)))
 
Theoremsbthlem5 7835* Lemma for sbth 7841. (Contributed by NM, 22-Mar-1998.)
𝐴 ∈ V    &   𝐷 = {𝑥 ∣ (𝑥𝐴 ∧ (𝑔 “ (𝐵 ∖ (𝑓𝑥))) ⊆ (𝐴𝑥))}    &   𝐻 = ((𝑓 𝐷) ∪ (𝑔 ↾ (𝐴 𝐷)))       ((dom 𝑓 = 𝐴 ∧ ran 𝑔𝐴) → dom 𝐻 = 𝐴)
 
Theoremsbthlem6 7836* Lemma for sbth 7841. (Contributed by NM, 27-Mar-1998.)
𝐴 ∈ V    &   𝐷 = {𝑥 ∣ (𝑥𝐴 ∧ (𝑔 “ (𝐵 ∖ (𝑓𝑥))) ⊆ (𝐴𝑥))}    &   𝐻 = ((𝑓 𝐷) ∪ (𝑔 ↾ (𝐴 𝐷)))       ((ran 𝑓𝐵 ∧ ((dom 𝑔 = 𝐵 ∧ ran 𝑔𝐴) ∧ Fun 𝑔)) → ran 𝐻 = 𝐵)
 
Theoremsbthlem7 7837* Lemma for sbth 7841. (Contributed by NM, 27-Mar-1998.)
𝐴 ∈ V    &   𝐷 = {𝑥 ∣ (𝑥𝐴 ∧ (𝑔 “ (𝐵 ∖ (𝑓𝑥))) ⊆ (𝐴𝑥))}    &   𝐻 = ((𝑓 𝐷) ∪ (𝑔 ↾ (𝐴 𝐷)))       ((Fun 𝑓 ∧ Fun 𝑔) → Fun 𝐻)
 
Theoremsbthlem8 7838* Lemma for sbth 7841. (Contributed by NM, 27-Mar-1998.)
𝐴 ∈ V    &   𝐷 = {𝑥 ∣ (𝑥𝐴 ∧ (𝑔 “ (𝐵 ∖ (𝑓𝑥))) ⊆ (𝐴𝑥))}    &   𝐻 = ((𝑓 𝐷) ∪ (𝑔 ↾ (𝐴 𝐷)))       ((Fun 𝑓 ∧ (((Fun 𝑔 ∧ dom 𝑔 = 𝐵) ∧ ran 𝑔𝐴) ∧ Fun 𝑔)) → Fun 𝐻)
 
Theoremsbthlem9 7839* Lemma for sbth 7841. (Contributed by NM, 28-Mar-1998.)
𝐴 ∈ V    &   𝐷 = {𝑥 ∣ (𝑥𝐴 ∧ (𝑔 “ (𝐵 ∖ (𝑓𝑥))) ⊆ (𝐴𝑥))}    &   𝐻 = ((𝑓 𝐷) ∪ (𝑔 ↾ (𝐴 𝐷)))       ((𝑓:𝐴1-1𝐵𝑔:𝐵1-1𝐴) → 𝐻:𝐴1-1-onto𝐵)
 
Theoremsbthlem10 7840* Lemma for sbth 7841. (Contributed by NM, 28-Mar-1998.)
𝐴 ∈ V    &   𝐷 = {𝑥 ∣ (𝑥𝐴 ∧ (𝑔 “ (𝐵 ∖ (𝑓𝑥))) ⊆ (𝐴𝑥))}    &   𝐻 = ((𝑓 𝐷) ∪ (𝑔 ↾ (𝐴 𝐷)))    &   𝐵 ∈ V       ((𝐴𝐵𝐵𝐴) → 𝐴𝐵)
 
Theoremsbth 7841 Schroeder-Bernstein Theorem. Theorem 18 of [Suppes] p. 95. This theorem states that if set 𝐴 is smaller (has lower cardinality) than 𝐵 and vice-versa, then 𝐴 and 𝐵 are equinumerous (have the same cardinality). The interesting thing is that this can be proved without invoking the Axiom of Choice, as we do here, but the proof as you can see is quite difficult. (The theorem can be proved more easily if we allow AC.) The main proof consists of lemmas sbthlem1 7831 through sbthlem10 7840; this final piece mainly changes bound variables to eliminate the hypotheses of sbthlem10 7840. We follow closely the proof in Suppes, which you should consult to understand our proof at a higher level. Note that Suppes' proof, which is credited to J. M. Whitaker, does not require the Axiom of Infinity. This is Metamath 100 proof #25. (Contributed by NM, 8-Jun-1998.)
((𝐴𝐵𝐵𝐴) → 𝐴𝐵)
 
Theoremsbthb 7842 Schroeder-Bernstein Theorem and its converse. (Contributed by NM, 8-Jun-1998.)
((𝐴𝐵𝐵𝐴) ↔ 𝐴𝐵)
 
Theoremsbthcl 7843 Schroeder-Bernstein Theorem in class form. (Contributed by NM, 28-Mar-1998.)
≈ = ( ≼ ∩ ≼ )
 
Theoremdfsdom2 7844 Alternate definition of strict dominance. Compare Definition 3 of [Suppes] p. 97. (Contributed by NM, 31-Mar-1998.)
≺ = ( ≼ ∖ ≼ )
 
Theorembrsdom2 7845 Alternate definition of strict dominance. Definition 3 of [Suppes] p. 97. (Contributed by NM, 27-Jul-2004.)
𝐴 ∈ V    &   𝐵 ∈ V       (𝐴𝐵 ↔ (𝐴𝐵 ∧ ¬ 𝐵𝐴))
 
Theoremsdomnsym 7846 Strict dominance is asymmetric. Theorem 21(ii) of [Suppes] p. 97. (Contributed by NM, 8-Jun-1998.)
(𝐴𝐵 → ¬ 𝐵𝐴)
 
Theoremdomnsym 7847 Theorem 22(i) of [Suppes] p. 97. (Contributed by NM, 10-Jun-1998.)
(𝐴𝐵 → ¬ 𝐵𝐴)
 
Theorem0domg 7848 Any set dominates the empty set. (Contributed by NM, 26-Oct-2003.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 26-Apr-2015.)
(𝐴𝑉 → ∅ ≼ 𝐴)
 
Theoremdom0 7849 A set dominated by the empty set is empty. (Contributed by NM, 22-Nov-2004.)
(𝐴 ≼ ∅ ↔ 𝐴 = ∅)
 
Theorem0sdomg 7850 A set strictly dominates the empty set iff it is not empty. (Contributed by NM, 23-Mar-2006.)
(𝐴𝑉 → (∅ ≺ 𝐴𝐴 ≠ ∅))
 
Theorem0dom 7851 Any set dominates the empty set. (Contributed by NM, 26-Oct-2003.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 26-Apr-2015.)
𝐴 ∈ V       ∅ ≼ 𝐴
 
Theorem0sdom 7852 A set strictly dominates the empty set iff it is not empty. (Contributed by NM, 29-Jul-2004.)
𝐴 ∈ V       (∅ ≺ 𝐴𝐴 ≠ ∅)
 
Theoremsdom0 7853 The empty set does not strictly dominate any set. (Contributed by NM, 26-Oct-2003.)
¬ 𝐴 ≺ ∅
 
Theoremsdomdomtr 7854 Transitivity of strict dominance and dominance. Theorem 22(iii) of [Suppes] p. 97. (Contributed by NM, 26-Oct-2003.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 26-Apr-2015.)
((𝐴𝐵𝐵𝐶) → 𝐴𝐶)
 
Theoremsdomentr 7855 Transitivity of strict dominance and equinumerosity. Exercise 11 of [Suppes] p. 98. (Contributed by NM, 26-Oct-2003.)
((𝐴𝐵𝐵𝐶) → 𝐴𝐶)
 
Theoremdomsdomtr 7856 Transitivity of dominance and strict dominance. Theorem 22(ii) of [Suppes] p. 97. (Contributed by NM, 10-Jun-1998.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 26-Apr-2015.)
((𝐴𝐵𝐵𝐶) → 𝐴𝐶)
 
Theoremensdomtr 7857 Transitivity of equinumerosity and strict dominance. (Contributed by NM, 26-Oct-2003.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 26-Apr-2015.)
((𝐴𝐵𝐵𝐶) → 𝐴𝐶)
 
Theoremsdomirr 7858 Strict dominance is irreflexive. Theorem 21(i) of [Suppes] p. 97. (Contributed by NM, 4-Jun-1998.)
¬ 𝐴𝐴
 
Theoremsdomtr 7859 Strict dominance is transitive. Theorem 21(iii) of [Suppes] p. 97. (Contributed by NM, 9-Jun-1998.)
((𝐴𝐵𝐵𝐶) → 𝐴𝐶)
 
Theoremsdomn2lp 7860 Strict dominance has no 2-cycle loops. (Contributed by NM, 6-May-2008.)
¬ (𝐴𝐵𝐵𝐴)
 
Theoremenen1 7861 Equality-like theorem for equinumerosity. (Contributed by NM, 18-Dec-2003.)
(𝐴𝐵 → (𝐴𝐶𝐵𝐶))
 
Theoremenen2 7862 Equality-like theorem for equinumerosity. (Contributed by NM, 18-Dec-2003.)
(𝐴𝐵 → (𝐶𝐴𝐶𝐵))
 
Theoremdomen1 7863 Equality-like theorem for equinumerosity and dominance. (Contributed by NM, 8-Nov-2003.)
(𝐴𝐵 → (𝐴𝐶𝐵𝐶))
 
Theoremdomen2 7864 Equality-like theorem for equinumerosity and dominance. (Contributed by NM, 8-Nov-2003.)
(𝐴𝐵 → (𝐶𝐴𝐶𝐵))
 
Theoremsdomen1 7865 Equality-like theorem for equinumerosity and strict dominance. (Contributed by NM, 8-Nov-2003.)
(𝐴𝐵 → (𝐴𝐶𝐵𝐶))
 
Theoremsdomen2 7866 Equality-like theorem for equinumerosity and strict dominance. (Contributed by NM, 8-Nov-2003.)
(𝐴𝐵 → (𝐶𝐴𝐶𝐵))
 
Theoremdomtriord 7867 Dominance is trichotomous in the restricted case of ordinal numbers. (Contributed by Jeff Hankins, 24-Oct-2009.)
((𝐴 ∈ On ∧ 𝐵 ∈ On) → (𝐴𝐵 ↔ ¬ 𝐵𝐴))
 
Theoremsdomel 7868 Strict dominance implies ordinal membership. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 13-Jan-2013.)
((𝐴 ∈ On ∧ 𝐵 ∈ On) → (𝐴𝐵𝐴𝐵))
 
Theoremsdomdif 7869 The difference of a set from a smaller set cannot be empty. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 5-Feb-2013.)
(𝐴𝐵 → (𝐵𝐴) ≠ ∅)
 
Theoremonsdominel 7870 An ordinal with more elements of some type is larger. (Contributed by Stefan O'Rear, 2-Nov-2014.)
((𝐴 ∈ On ∧ 𝐵 ∈ On ∧ (𝐴𝐶) ≺ (𝐵𝐶)) → 𝐴𝐵)
 
Theoremdomunsn 7871 Dominance over a set with one element added. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 18-May-2015.)
(𝐴𝐵 → (𝐴 ∪ {𝐶}) ≼ 𝐵)
 
Theoremfodomr 7872* There exists a mapping from a set onto any (nonempty) set that it dominates. (Contributed by NM, 23-Mar-2006.)
((∅ ≺ 𝐵𝐵𝐴) → ∃𝑓 𝑓:𝐴onto𝐵)
 
Theorempwdom 7873 Injection of sets implies injection on power sets. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 9-Apr-2015.)
(𝐴𝐵 → 𝒫 𝐴 ≼ 𝒫 𝐵)
 
Theoremcanth2 7874 Cantor's Theorem. No set is equinumerous to its power set. Specifically, any set has a cardinality (size) strictly less than the cardinality of its power set. For example, the cardinality of real numbers is the same as the cardinality of the power set of integers, so real numbers cannot be put into a one-to-one correspondence with integers. Theorem 23 of [Suppes] p. 97. For the function version, see canth 6385. This is Metamath 100 proof #63. (Contributed by NM, 7-Aug-1994.)
𝐴 ∈ V       𝐴 ≺ 𝒫 𝐴
 
Theoremcanth2g 7875 Cantor's theorem with the sethood requirement expressed as an antecedent. Theorem 23 of [Suppes] p. 97. (Contributed by NM, 7-Nov-2003.)
(𝐴𝑉𝐴 ≺ 𝒫 𝐴)
 
Theorem2pwuninel 7876 The power set of the power set of the union of a set does not belong to the set. This theorem provides a way of constructing a new set that doesn't belong to a given set. (Contributed by NM, 27-Jun-2008.)
¬ 𝒫 𝒫 𝐴𝐴
 
Theorem2pwne 7877 No set equals the power set of its power set. (Contributed by NM, 17-Nov-2008.)
(𝐴𝑉 → 𝒫 𝒫 𝐴𝐴)
 
Theoremdisjen 7878 A stronger form of pwuninel 7163. We can use pwuninel 7163, 2pwuninel 7876 to create one or two sets disjoint from a given set 𝐴, but here we show that in fact such constructions exist for arbitrarily large disjoint extensions, which is to say that for any set 𝐵 we can construct a set 𝑥 that is equinumerous to it and disjoint from 𝐴. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 7-Feb-2015.)
((𝐴𝑉𝐵𝑊) → ((𝐴 ∩ (𝐵 × {𝒫 ran 𝐴})) = ∅ ∧ (𝐵 × {𝒫 ran 𝐴}) ≈ 𝐵))
 
Theoremdisjenex 7879* Existence version of disjen 7878. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 7-Feb-2015.)
((𝐴𝑉𝐵𝑊) → ∃𝑥((𝐴𝑥) = ∅ ∧ 𝑥𝐵))
 
Theoremdomss2 7880 A corollary of disjenex 7879. If 𝐹 is an injection from 𝐴 to 𝐵 then 𝐺 is a right inverse of 𝐹 from 𝐵 to a superset of 𝐴. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 7-Feb-2015.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 24-Jun-2015.)
𝐺 = (𝐹 ∪ (1st ↾ ((𝐵 ∖ ran 𝐹) × {𝒫 ran 𝐴})))       ((𝐹:𝐴1-1𝐵𝐴𝑉𝐵𝑊) → (𝐺:𝐵1-1-onto→ran 𝐺𝐴 ⊆ ran 𝐺 ∧ (𝐺𝐹) = ( I ↾ 𝐴)))
 
Theoremdomssex2 7881* A corollary of disjenex 7879. If 𝐹 is an injection from 𝐴 to 𝐵 then there is a right inverse 𝑔 of 𝐹 from 𝐵 to a superset of 𝐴. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 7-Feb-2015.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 24-Jun-2015.)
((𝐹:𝐴1-1𝐵𝐴𝑉𝐵𝑊) → ∃𝑔(𝑔:𝐵1-1→V ∧ (𝑔𝐹) = ( I ↾ 𝐴)))
 
Theoremdomssex 7882* Weakening of domssex 7882 to forget the functions in favor of dominance and equinumerosity. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 7-Feb-2015.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 24-Jun-2015.)
(𝐴𝐵 → ∃𝑥(𝐴𝑥𝐵𝑥))
 
2.4.25  Equinumerosity (cont.)
 
Theoremxpf1o 7883* Construct a bijection on a Cartesian product given bijections on the factors. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 30-May-2015.)
(𝜑 → (𝑥𝐴𝑋):𝐴1-1-onto𝐵)    &   (𝜑 → (𝑦𝐶𝑌):𝐶1-1-onto𝐷)       (𝜑 → (𝑥𝐴, 𝑦𝐶 ↦ ⟨𝑋, 𝑌⟩):(𝐴 × 𝐶)–1-1-onto→(𝐵 × 𝐷))
 
Theoremxpen 7884 Equinumerosity law for Cartesian product. Proposition 4.22(b) of [Mendelson] p. 254. (Contributed by NM, 24-Jul-2004.) (Proof shortened by Mario Carneiro, 26-Apr-2015.)
((𝐴𝐵𝐶𝐷) → (𝐴 × 𝐶) ≈ (𝐵 × 𝐷))
 
Theoremmapen 7885 Two set exponentiations are equinumerous when their bases and exponents are equinumerous. Theorem 6H(c) of [Enderton] p. 139. (Contributed by NM, 16-Dec-2003.) (Proof shortened by Mario Carneiro, 26-Apr-2015.)
((𝐴𝐵𝐶𝐷) → (𝐴𝑚 𝐶) ≈ (𝐵𝑚 𝐷))
 
Theoremmapdom1 7886 Order-preserving property of set exponentiation. Theorem 6L(c) of [Enderton] p. 149. (Contributed by NM, 27-Jul-2004.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 9-Mar-2013.)
(𝐴𝐵 → (𝐴𝑚 𝐶) ≼ (𝐵𝑚 𝐶))
 
Theoremmapxpen 7887 Equinumerosity law for double set exponentiation. Proposition 10.45 of [TakeutiZaring] p. 96. (Contributed by NM, 21-Feb-2004.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 24-Jun-2015.)
((𝐴𝑉𝐵𝑊𝐶𝑋) → ((𝐴𝑚 𝐵) ↑𝑚 𝐶) ≈ (𝐴𝑚 (𝐵 × 𝐶)))
 
Theoremxpmapenlem 7888* Lemma for xpmapen 7889. (Contributed by NM, 1-May-2004.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 16-Nov-2014.)
𝐴 ∈ V    &   𝐵 ∈ V    &   𝐶 ∈ V    &   𝐷 = (𝑧𝐶 ↦ (1st ‘(𝑥𝑧)))    &   𝑅 = (𝑧𝐶 ↦ (2nd ‘(𝑥𝑧)))    &   𝑆 = (𝑧𝐶 ↦ ⟨((1st𝑦)‘𝑧), ((2nd𝑦)‘𝑧)⟩)       ((𝐴 × 𝐵) ↑𝑚 𝐶) ≈ ((𝐴𝑚 𝐶) × (𝐵𝑚 𝐶))
 
Theoremxpmapen 7889 Equinumerosity law for set exponentiation of a Cartesian product. Exercise 4.47 of [Mendelson] p. 255. (Contributed by NM, 23-Feb-2004.) (Proof shortened by Mario Carneiro, 16-Nov-2014.)
𝐴 ∈ V    &   𝐵 ∈ V    &   𝐶 ∈ V       ((𝐴 × 𝐵) ↑𝑚 𝐶) ≈ ((𝐴𝑚 𝐶) × (𝐵𝑚 𝐶))
 
Theoremmapunen 7890 Equinumerosity law for set exponentiation of a disjoint union. Exercise 4.45 of [Mendelson] p. 255. (Contributed by NM, 23-Sep-2004.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 29-Apr-2015.)
(((𝐴𝑉𝐵𝑊𝐶𝑋) ∧ (𝐴𝐵) = ∅) → (𝐶𝑚 (𝐴𝐵)) ≈ ((𝐶𝑚 𝐴) × (𝐶𝑚 𝐵)))
 
Theoremmap2xp 7891 A cardinal power with exponent 2 is equivalent to a Cartesian product with itself. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 31-May-2015.)
(𝐴𝑉 → (𝐴𝑚 2𝑜) ≈ (𝐴 × 𝐴))
 
Theoremmapdom2 7892 Order-preserving property of set exponentiation. Theorem 6L(d) of [Enderton] p. 149. (Contributed by NM, 23-Sep-2004.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 30-Apr-2015.)
((𝐴𝐵 ∧ ¬ (𝐴 = ∅ ∧ 𝐶 = ∅)) → (𝐶𝑚 𝐴) ≼ (𝐶𝑚 𝐵))
 
Theoremmapdom3 7893 Set exponentiation dominates the mantissa. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 30-Apr-2015.)
((𝐴𝑉𝐵𝑊𝐵 ≠ ∅) → 𝐴 ≼ (𝐴𝑚 𝐵))
 
Theorempwen 7894 If two sets are equinumerous, then their power sets are equinumerous. Proposition 10.15 of [TakeutiZaring] p. 87. (Contributed by NM, 29-Jan-2004.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 9-Apr-2015.)
(𝐴𝐵 → 𝒫 𝐴 ≈ 𝒫 𝐵)
 
Theoremssenen 7895* Equinumerosity of equinumerous subsets of a set. (Contributed by NM, 30-Sep-2004.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 16-Nov-2014.)
(𝐴𝐵 → {𝑥 ∣ (𝑥𝐴𝑥𝐶)} ≈ {𝑥 ∣ (𝑥𝐵𝑥𝐶)})
 
Theoremlimenpsi 7896 A limit ordinal is equinumerous to a proper subset of itself. (Contributed by NM, 30-Oct-2003.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 16-Nov-2014.)
Lim 𝐴       (𝐴𝑉𝐴 ≈ (𝐴 ∖ {∅}))
 
Theoremlimensuci 7897 A limit ordinal is equinumerous to its successor. (Contributed by NM, 30-Oct-2003.)
Lim 𝐴       (𝐴𝑉𝐴 ≈ suc 𝐴)
 
Theoremlimensuc 7898 A limit ordinal is equinumerous to its successor. (Contributed by NM, 30-Oct-2003.)
((𝐴𝑉 ∧ Lim 𝐴) → 𝐴 ≈ suc 𝐴)
 
Theoreminfensuc 7899 Any infinite ordinal is equinumerous to its successor. Exercise 7 of [TakeutiZaring] p. 88. Proved without the Axiom of Infinity. (Contributed by NM, 30-Oct-2003.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 13-Jan-2013.)
((𝐴 ∈ On ∧ ω ⊆ 𝐴) → 𝐴 ≈ suc 𝐴)
 
2.4.26  Pigeonhole Principle
 
Theoremphplem1 7900 Lemma for Pigeonhole Principle. If we join a natural number to itself minus an element, we end up with its successor minus the same element. (Contributed by NM, 25-May-1998.)
((𝐴 ∈ ω ∧ 𝐵𝐴) → ({𝐴} ∪ (𝐴 ∖ {𝐵})) = (suc 𝐴 ∖ {𝐵}))
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