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Theorem mul2sq 25189
 Description: Fibonacci's identity (actually due to Diophantus). The product of two sums of two squares is also a sum of two squares. We can take advantage of Gaussian integers here to trivialize the proof. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 19-Jun-2015.)
Hypothesis
Ref Expression
2sq.1 𝑆 = ran (𝑤 ∈ ℤ[i] ↦ ((abs‘𝑤)↑2))
Assertion
Ref Expression
mul2sq ((𝐴𝑆𝐵𝑆) → (𝐴 · 𝐵) ∈ 𝑆)

Proof of Theorem mul2sq
Dummy variables 𝑥 𝑦 𝑧 are mutually distinct and distinct from all other variables.
StepHypRef Expression
1 2sq.1 . . 3 𝑆 = ran (𝑤 ∈ ℤ[i] ↦ ((abs‘𝑤)↑2))
212sqlem1 25187 . 2 (𝐴𝑆 ↔ ∃𝑥 ∈ ℤ[i] 𝐴 = ((abs‘𝑥)↑2))
312sqlem1 25187 . 2 (𝐵𝑆 ↔ ∃𝑦 ∈ ℤ[i] 𝐵 = ((abs‘𝑦)↑2))
4 reeanv 3136 . . 3 (∃𝑥 ∈ ℤ[i] ∃𝑦 ∈ ℤ[i] (𝐴 = ((abs‘𝑥)↑2) ∧ 𝐵 = ((abs‘𝑦)↑2)) ↔ (∃𝑥 ∈ ℤ[i] 𝐴 = ((abs‘𝑥)↑2) ∧ ∃𝑦 ∈ ℤ[i] 𝐵 = ((abs‘𝑦)↑2)))
5 gzmulcl 15689 . . . . . . 7 ((𝑥 ∈ ℤ[i] ∧ 𝑦 ∈ ℤ[i]) → (𝑥 · 𝑦) ∈ ℤ[i])
6 gzcn 15683 . . . . . . . . . 10 (𝑥 ∈ ℤ[i] → 𝑥 ∈ ℂ)
7 gzcn 15683 . . . . . . . . . 10 (𝑦 ∈ ℤ[i] → 𝑦 ∈ ℂ)
8 absmul 14078 . . . . . . . . . 10 ((𝑥 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝑦 ∈ ℂ) → (abs‘(𝑥 · 𝑦)) = ((abs‘𝑥) · (abs‘𝑦)))
96, 7, 8syl2an 493 . . . . . . . . 9 ((𝑥 ∈ ℤ[i] ∧ 𝑦 ∈ ℤ[i]) → (abs‘(𝑥 · 𝑦)) = ((abs‘𝑥) · (abs‘𝑦)))
109oveq1d 6705 . . . . . . . 8 ((𝑥 ∈ ℤ[i] ∧ 𝑦 ∈ ℤ[i]) → ((abs‘(𝑥 · 𝑦))↑2) = (((abs‘𝑥) · (abs‘𝑦))↑2))
116abscld 14219 . . . . . . . . . 10 (𝑥 ∈ ℤ[i] → (abs‘𝑥) ∈ ℝ)
1211recnd 10106 . . . . . . . . 9 (𝑥 ∈ ℤ[i] → (abs‘𝑥) ∈ ℂ)
137abscld 14219 . . . . . . . . . 10 (𝑦 ∈ ℤ[i] → (abs‘𝑦) ∈ ℝ)
1413recnd 10106 . . . . . . . . 9 (𝑦 ∈ ℤ[i] → (abs‘𝑦) ∈ ℂ)
15 sqmul 12966 . . . . . . . . 9 (((abs‘𝑥) ∈ ℂ ∧ (abs‘𝑦) ∈ ℂ) → (((abs‘𝑥) · (abs‘𝑦))↑2) = (((abs‘𝑥)↑2) · ((abs‘𝑦)↑2)))
1612, 14, 15syl2an 493 . . . . . . . 8 ((𝑥 ∈ ℤ[i] ∧ 𝑦 ∈ ℤ[i]) → (((abs‘𝑥) · (abs‘𝑦))↑2) = (((abs‘𝑥)↑2) · ((abs‘𝑦)↑2)))
1710, 16eqtr2d 2686 . . . . . . 7 ((𝑥 ∈ ℤ[i] ∧ 𝑦 ∈ ℤ[i]) → (((abs‘𝑥)↑2) · ((abs‘𝑦)↑2)) = ((abs‘(𝑥 · 𝑦))↑2))
18 fveq2 6229 . . . . . . . . . 10 (𝑧 = (𝑥 · 𝑦) → (abs‘𝑧) = (abs‘(𝑥 · 𝑦)))
1918oveq1d 6705 . . . . . . . . 9 (𝑧 = (𝑥 · 𝑦) → ((abs‘𝑧)↑2) = ((abs‘(𝑥 · 𝑦))↑2))
2019eqeq2d 2661 . . . . . . . 8 (𝑧 = (𝑥 · 𝑦) → ((((abs‘𝑥)↑2) · ((abs‘𝑦)↑2)) = ((abs‘𝑧)↑2) ↔ (((abs‘𝑥)↑2) · ((abs‘𝑦)↑2)) = ((abs‘(𝑥 · 𝑦))↑2)))
2120rspcev 3340 . . . . . . 7 (((𝑥 · 𝑦) ∈ ℤ[i] ∧ (((abs‘𝑥)↑2) · ((abs‘𝑦)↑2)) = ((abs‘(𝑥 · 𝑦))↑2)) → ∃𝑧 ∈ ℤ[i] (((abs‘𝑥)↑2) · ((abs‘𝑦)↑2)) = ((abs‘𝑧)↑2))
225, 17, 21syl2anc 694 . . . . . 6 ((𝑥 ∈ ℤ[i] ∧ 𝑦 ∈ ℤ[i]) → ∃𝑧 ∈ ℤ[i] (((abs‘𝑥)↑2) · ((abs‘𝑦)↑2)) = ((abs‘𝑧)↑2))
2312sqlem1 25187 . . . . . 6 ((((abs‘𝑥)↑2) · ((abs‘𝑦)↑2)) ∈ 𝑆 ↔ ∃𝑧 ∈ ℤ[i] (((abs‘𝑥)↑2) · ((abs‘𝑦)↑2)) = ((abs‘𝑧)↑2))
2422, 23sylibr 224 . . . . 5 ((𝑥 ∈ ℤ[i] ∧ 𝑦 ∈ ℤ[i]) → (((abs‘𝑥)↑2) · ((abs‘𝑦)↑2)) ∈ 𝑆)
25 oveq12 6699 . . . . . 6 ((𝐴 = ((abs‘𝑥)↑2) ∧ 𝐵 = ((abs‘𝑦)↑2)) → (𝐴 · 𝐵) = (((abs‘𝑥)↑2) · ((abs‘𝑦)↑2)))
2625eleq1d 2715 . . . . 5 ((𝐴 = ((abs‘𝑥)↑2) ∧ 𝐵 = ((abs‘𝑦)↑2)) → ((𝐴 · 𝐵) ∈ 𝑆 ↔ (((abs‘𝑥)↑2) · ((abs‘𝑦)↑2)) ∈ 𝑆))
2724, 26syl5ibrcom 237 . . . 4 ((𝑥 ∈ ℤ[i] ∧ 𝑦 ∈ ℤ[i]) → ((𝐴 = ((abs‘𝑥)↑2) ∧ 𝐵 = ((abs‘𝑦)↑2)) → (𝐴 · 𝐵) ∈ 𝑆))
2827rexlimivv 3065 . . 3 (∃𝑥 ∈ ℤ[i] ∃𝑦 ∈ ℤ[i] (𝐴 = ((abs‘𝑥)↑2) ∧ 𝐵 = ((abs‘𝑦)↑2)) → (𝐴 · 𝐵) ∈ 𝑆)
294, 28sylbir 225 . 2 ((∃𝑥 ∈ ℤ[i] 𝐴 = ((abs‘𝑥)↑2) ∧ ∃𝑦 ∈ ℤ[i] 𝐵 = ((abs‘𝑦)↑2)) → (𝐴 · 𝐵) ∈ 𝑆)
302, 3, 29syl2anb 495 1 ((𝐴𝑆𝐵𝑆) → (𝐴 · 𝐵) ∈ 𝑆)
 Colors of variables: wff setvar class Syntax hints:   → wi 4   ∧ wa 383   = wceq 1523   ∈ wcel 2030  ∃wrex 2942   ↦ cmpt 4762  ran crn 5144  ‘cfv 5926  (class class class)co 6690  ℂcc 9972   · cmul 9979  2c2 11108  ↑cexp 12900  abscabs 14018  ℤ[i]cgz 15680 This theorem was proved from axioms:  ax-mp 5  ax-1 6  ax-2 7  ax-3 8  ax-gen 1762  ax-4 1777  ax-5 1879  ax-6 1945  ax-7 1981  ax-8 2032  ax-9 2039  ax-10 2059  ax-11 2074  ax-12 2087  ax-13 2282  ax-ext 2631  ax-sep 4814  ax-nul 4822  ax-pow 4873  ax-pr 4936  ax-un 6991  ax-cnex 10030  ax-resscn 10031  ax-1cn 10032  ax-icn 10033  ax-addcl 10034  ax-addrcl 10035  ax-mulcl 10036  ax-mulrcl 10037  ax-mulcom 10038  ax-addass 10039  ax-mulass 10040  ax-distr 10041  ax-i2m1 10042  ax-1ne0 10043  ax-1rid 10044  ax-rnegex 10045  ax-rrecex 10046  ax-cnre 10047  ax-pre-lttri 10048  ax-pre-lttrn 10049  ax-pre-ltadd 10050  ax-pre-mulgt0 10051  ax-pre-sup 10052 This theorem depends on definitions:  df-bi 197  df-or 384  df-an 385  df-3or 1055  df-3an 1056  df-tru 1526  df-ex 1745  df-nf 1750  df-sb 1938  df-eu 2502  df-mo 2503  df-clab 2638  df-cleq 2644  df-clel 2647  df-nfc 2782  df-ne 2824  df-nel 2927  df-ral 2946  df-rex 2947  df-reu 2948  df-rmo 2949  df-rab 2950  df-v 3233  df-sbc 3469  df-csb 3567  df-dif 3610  df-un 3612  df-in 3614  df-ss 3621  df-pss 3623  df-nul 3949  df-if 4120  df-pw 4193  df-sn 4211  df-pr 4213  df-tp 4215  df-op 4217  df-uni 4469  df-iun 4554  df-br 4686  df-opab 4746  df-mpt 4763  df-tr 4786  df-id 5053  df-eprel 5058  df-po 5064  df-so 5065  df-fr 5102  df-we 5104  df-xp 5149  df-rel 5150  df-cnv 5151  df-co 5152  df-dm 5153  df-rn 5154  df-res 5155  df-ima 5156  df-pred 5718  df-ord 5764  df-on 5765  df-lim 5766  df-suc 5767  df-iota 5889  df-fun 5928  df-fn 5929  df-f 5930  df-f1 5931  df-fo 5932  df-f1o 5933  df-fv 5934  df-riota 6651  df-ov 6693  df-oprab 6694  df-mpt2 6695  df-om 7108  df-2nd 7211  df-wrecs 7452  df-recs 7513  df-rdg 7551  df-er 7787  df-en 7998  df-dom 7999  df-sdom 8000  df-sup 8389  df-pnf 10114  df-mnf 10115  df-xr 10116  df-ltxr 10117  df-le 10118  df-sub 10306  df-neg 10307  df-div 10723  df-nn 11059  df-2 11117  df-3 11118  df-n0 11331  df-z 11416  df-uz 11726  df-rp 11871  df-seq 12842  df-exp 12901  df-cj 13883  df-re 13884  df-im 13885  df-sqrt 14019  df-abs 14020  df-gz 15681 This theorem is referenced by: (None)
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