MPE Home Metamath Proof Explorer < Previous   Next >
Nearby theorems
Mirrors  >  Home  >  MPE Home  >  Th. List  >  mul4sq Structured version   Visualization version   GIF version

Theorem mul4sq 15860
Description: Euler's four-square identity: The product of two sums of four squares is also a sum of four squares. This is usually quoted as an explicit formula involving eight real variables; we save some time by working with complex numbers (gaussian integers) instead, so that we only have to work with four variables, and also hiding the actual formula for the product in the proof of mul4sqlem 15859. (For the curious, the explicit formula that is used is ( ∣ 𝑎 ∣ ↑2 + ∣ 𝑏 ∣ ↑2)( ∣ 𝑐 ∣ ↑2 + ∣ 𝑑 ∣ ↑2) = 𝑎∗ · 𝑐 + 𝑏 · 𝑑∗ ∣ ↑2 + ∣ 𝑎∗ · 𝑑𝑏 · 𝑐∗ ∣ ↑2.) (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 14-Jul-2014.)
Hypothesis
Ref Expression
4sq.1 𝑆 = {𝑛 ∣ ∃𝑥 ∈ ℤ ∃𝑦 ∈ ℤ ∃𝑧 ∈ ℤ ∃𝑤 ∈ ℤ 𝑛 = (((𝑥↑2) + (𝑦↑2)) + ((𝑧↑2) + (𝑤↑2)))}
Assertion
Ref Expression
mul4sq ((𝐴𝑆𝐵𝑆) → (𝐴 · 𝐵) ∈ 𝑆)
Distinct variable groups:   𝑤,𝑛,𝑥,𝑦,𝑧   𝐵,𝑛   𝐴,𝑛   𝑆,𝑛
Allowed substitution hints:   𝐴(𝑥,𝑦,𝑧,𝑤)   𝐵(𝑥,𝑦,𝑧,𝑤)   𝑆(𝑥,𝑦,𝑧,𝑤)

Proof of Theorem mul4sq
Dummy variables 𝑎 𝑏 𝑐 𝑑 are mutually distinct and distinct from all other variables.
StepHypRef Expression
1 4sq.1 . . 3 𝑆 = {𝑛 ∣ ∃𝑥 ∈ ℤ ∃𝑦 ∈ ℤ ∃𝑧 ∈ ℤ ∃𝑤 ∈ ℤ 𝑛 = (((𝑥↑2) + (𝑦↑2)) + ((𝑧↑2) + (𝑤↑2)))}
214sqlem4 15858 . 2 (𝐴𝑆 ↔ ∃𝑎 ∈ ℤ[i] ∃𝑏 ∈ ℤ[i] 𝐴 = (((abs‘𝑎)↑2) + ((abs‘𝑏)↑2)))
314sqlem4 15858 . 2 (𝐵𝑆 ↔ ∃𝑐 ∈ ℤ[i] ∃𝑑 ∈ ℤ[i] 𝐵 = (((abs‘𝑐)↑2) + ((abs‘𝑑)↑2)))
4 reeanv 3245 . . 3 (∃𝑎 ∈ ℤ[i] ∃𝑐 ∈ ℤ[i] (∃𝑏 ∈ ℤ[i] 𝐴 = (((abs‘𝑎)↑2) + ((abs‘𝑏)↑2)) ∧ ∃𝑑 ∈ ℤ[i] 𝐵 = (((abs‘𝑐)↑2) + ((abs‘𝑑)↑2))) ↔ (∃𝑎 ∈ ℤ[i] ∃𝑏 ∈ ℤ[i] 𝐴 = (((abs‘𝑎)↑2) + ((abs‘𝑏)↑2)) ∧ ∃𝑐 ∈ ℤ[i] ∃𝑑 ∈ ℤ[i] 𝐵 = (((abs‘𝑐)↑2) + ((abs‘𝑑)↑2))))
5 reeanv 3245 . . . . 5 (∃𝑏 ∈ ℤ[i] ∃𝑑 ∈ ℤ[i] (𝐴 = (((abs‘𝑎)↑2) + ((abs‘𝑏)↑2)) ∧ 𝐵 = (((abs‘𝑐)↑2) + ((abs‘𝑑)↑2))) ↔ (∃𝑏 ∈ ℤ[i] 𝐴 = (((abs‘𝑎)↑2) + ((abs‘𝑏)↑2)) ∧ ∃𝑑 ∈ ℤ[i] 𝐵 = (((abs‘𝑐)↑2) + ((abs‘𝑑)↑2))))
6 simpll 807 . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 (((𝑎 ∈ ℤ[i] ∧ 𝑐 ∈ ℤ[i]) ∧ (𝑏 ∈ ℤ[i] ∧ 𝑑 ∈ ℤ[i])) → 𝑎 ∈ ℤ[i])
7 gzabssqcl 15847 . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 (𝑎 ∈ ℤ[i] → ((abs‘𝑎)↑2) ∈ ℕ0)
86, 7syl 17 . . . . . . . . . . . 12 (((𝑎 ∈ ℤ[i] ∧ 𝑐 ∈ ℤ[i]) ∧ (𝑏 ∈ ℤ[i] ∧ 𝑑 ∈ ℤ[i])) → ((abs‘𝑎)↑2) ∈ ℕ0)
9 simprl 811 . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 (((𝑎 ∈ ℤ[i] ∧ 𝑐 ∈ ℤ[i]) ∧ (𝑏 ∈ ℤ[i] ∧ 𝑑 ∈ ℤ[i])) → 𝑏 ∈ ℤ[i])
10 gzabssqcl 15847 . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 (𝑏 ∈ ℤ[i] → ((abs‘𝑏)↑2) ∈ ℕ0)
119, 10syl 17 . . . . . . . . . . . 12 (((𝑎 ∈ ℤ[i] ∧ 𝑐 ∈ ℤ[i]) ∧ (𝑏 ∈ ℤ[i] ∧ 𝑑 ∈ ℤ[i])) → ((abs‘𝑏)↑2) ∈ ℕ0)
128, 11nn0addcld 11547 . . . . . . . . . . 11 (((𝑎 ∈ ℤ[i] ∧ 𝑐 ∈ ℤ[i]) ∧ (𝑏 ∈ ℤ[i] ∧ 𝑑 ∈ ℤ[i])) → (((abs‘𝑎)↑2) + ((abs‘𝑏)↑2)) ∈ ℕ0)
1312nn0cnd 11545 . . . . . . . . . 10 (((𝑎 ∈ ℤ[i] ∧ 𝑐 ∈ ℤ[i]) ∧ (𝑏 ∈ ℤ[i] ∧ 𝑑 ∈ ℤ[i])) → (((abs‘𝑎)↑2) + ((abs‘𝑏)↑2)) ∈ ℂ)
1413div1d 10985 . . . . . . . . 9 (((𝑎 ∈ ℤ[i] ∧ 𝑐 ∈ ℤ[i]) ∧ (𝑏 ∈ ℤ[i] ∧ 𝑑 ∈ ℤ[i])) → ((((abs‘𝑎)↑2) + ((abs‘𝑏)↑2)) / 1) = (((abs‘𝑎)↑2) + ((abs‘𝑏)↑2)))
15 simplr 809 . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 (((𝑎 ∈ ℤ[i] ∧ 𝑐 ∈ ℤ[i]) ∧ (𝑏 ∈ ℤ[i] ∧ 𝑑 ∈ ℤ[i])) → 𝑐 ∈ ℤ[i])
16 gzabssqcl 15847 . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 (𝑐 ∈ ℤ[i] → ((abs‘𝑐)↑2) ∈ ℕ0)
1715, 16syl 17 . . . . . . . . . . . 12 (((𝑎 ∈ ℤ[i] ∧ 𝑐 ∈ ℤ[i]) ∧ (𝑏 ∈ ℤ[i] ∧ 𝑑 ∈ ℤ[i])) → ((abs‘𝑐)↑2) ∈ ℕ0)
18 simprr 813 . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 (((𝑎 ∈ ℤ[i] ∧ 𝑐 ∈ ℤ[i]) ∧ (𝑏 ∈ ℤ[i] ∧ 𝑑 ∈ ℤ[i])) → 𝑑 ∈ ℤ[i])
19 gzabssqcl 15847 . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 (𝑑 ∈ ℤ[i] → ((abs‘𝑑)↑2) ∈ ℕ0)
2018, 19syl 17 . . . . . . . . . . . 12 (((𝑎 ∈ ℤ[i] ∧ 𝑐 ∈ ℤ[i]) ∧ (𝑏 ∈ ℤ[i] ∧ 𝑑 ∈ ℤ[i])) → ((abs‘𝑑)↑2) ∈ ℕ0)
2117, 20nn0addcld 11547 . . . . . . . . . . 11 (((𝑎 ∈ ℤ[i] ∧ 𝑐 ∈ ℤ[i]) ∧ (𝑏 ∈ ℤ[i] ∧ 𝑑 ∈ ℤ[i])) → (((abs‘𝑐)↑2) + ((abs‘𝑑)↑2)) ∈ ℕ0)
2221nn0cnd 11545 . . . . . . . . . 10 (((𝑎 ∈ ℤ[i] ∧ 𝑐 ∈ ℤ[i]) ∧ (𝑏 ∈ ℤ[i] ∧ 𝑑 ∈ ℤ[i])) → (((abs‘𝑐)↑2) + ((abs‘𝑑)↑2)) ∈ ℂ)
2322div1d 10985 . . . . . . . . 9 (((𝑎 ∈ ℤ[i] ∧ 𝑐 ∈ ℤ[i]) ∧ (𝑏 ∈ ℤ[i] ∧ 𝑑 ∈ ℤ[i])) → ((((abs‘𝑐)↑2) + ((abs‘𝑑)↑2)) / 1) = (((abs‘𝑐)↑2) + ((abs‘𝑑)↑2)))
2414, 23oveq12d 6831 . . . . . . . 8 (((𝑎 ∈ ℤ[i] ∧ 𝑐 ∈ ℤ[i]) ∧ (𝑏 ∈ ℤ[i] ∧ 𝑑 ∈ ℤ[i])) → (((((abs‘𝑎)↑2) + ((abs‘𝑏)↑2)) / 1) · ((((abs‘𝑐)↑2) + ((abs‘𝑑)↑2)) / 1)) = ((((abs‘𝑎)↑2) + ((abs‘𝑏)↑2)) · (((abs‘𝑐)↑2) + ((abs‘𝑑)↑2))))
25 eqid 2760 . . . . . . . . 9 (((abs‘𝑎)↑2) + ((abs‘𝑏)↑2)) = (((abs‘𝑎)↑2) + ((abs‘𝑏)↑2))
26 eqid 2760 . . . . . . . . 9 (((abs‘𝑐)↑2) + ((abs‘𝑑)↑2)) = (((abs‘𝑐)↑2) + ((abs‘𝑑)↑2))
27 1nn 11223 . . . . . . . . . 10 1 ∈ ℕ
2827a1i 11 . . . . . . . . 9 (((𝑎 ∈ ℤ[i] ∧ 𝑐 ∈ ℤ[i]) ∧ (𝑏 ∈ ℤ[i] ∧ 𝑑 ∈ ℤ[i])) → 1 ∈ ℕ)
29 gzsubcl 15846 . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 ((𝑎 ∈ ℤ[i] ∧ 𝑐 ∈ ℤ[i]) → (𝑎𝑐) ∈ ℤ[i])
3029adantr 472 . . . . . . . . . . . 12 (((𝑎 ∈ ℤ[i] ∧ 𝑐 ∈ ℤ[i]) ∧ (𝑏 ∈ ℤ[i] ∧ 𝑑 ∈ ℤ[i])) → (𝑎𝑐) ∈ ℤ[i])
31 gzcn 15838 . . . . . . . . . . . 12 ((𝑎𝑐) ∈ ℤ[i] → (𝑎𝑐) ∈ ℂ)
3230, 31syl 17 . . . . . . . . . . 11 (((𝑎 ∈ ℤ[i] ∧ 𝑐 ∈ ℤ[i]) ∧ (𝑏 ∈ ℤ[i] ∧ 𝑑 ∈ ℤ[i])) → (𝑎𝑐) ∈ ℂ)
3332div1d 10985 . . . . . . . . . 10 (((𝑎 ∈ ℤ[i] ∧ 𝑐 ∈ ℤ[i]) ∧ (𝑏 ∈ ℤ[i] ∧ 𝑑 ∈ ℤ[i])) → ((𝑎𝑐) / 1) = (𝑎𝑐))
3433, 30eqeltrd 2839 . . . . . . . . 9 (((𝑎 ∈ ℤ[i] ∧ 𝑐 ∈ ℤ[i]) ∧ (𝑏 ∈ ℤ[i] ∧ 𝑑 ∈ ℤ[i])) → ((𝑎𝑐) / 1) ∈ ℤ[i])
35 gzsubcl 15846 . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 ((𝑏 ∈ ℤ[i] ∧ 𝑑 ∈ ℤ[i]) → (𝑏𝑑) ∈ ℤ[i])
3635adantl 473 . . . . . . . . . . . 12 (((𝑎 ∈ ℤ[i] ∧ 𝑐 ∈ ℤ[i]) ∧ (𝑏 ∈ ℤ[i] ∧ 𝑑 ∈ ℤ[i])) → (𝑏𝑑) ∈ ℤ[i])
37 gzcn 15838 . . . . . . . . . . . 12 ((𝑏𝑑) ∈ ℤ[i] → (𝑏𝑑) ∈ ℂ)
3836, 37syl 17 . . . . . . . . . . 11 (((𝑎 ∈ ℤ[i] ∧ 𝑐 ∈ ℤ[i]) ∧ (𝑏 ∈ ℤ[i] ∧ 𝑑 ∈ ℤ[i])) → (𝑏𝑑) ∈ ℂ)
3938div1d 10985 . . . . . . . . . 10 (((𝑎 ∈ ℤ[i] ∧ 𝑐 ∈ ℤ[i]) ∧ (𝑏 ∈ ℤ[i] ∧ 𝑑 ∈ ℤ[i])) → ((𝑏𝑑) / 1) = (𝑏𝑑))
4039, 36eqeltrd 2839 . . . . . . . . 9 (((𝑎 ∈ ℤ[i] ∧ 𝑐 ∈ ℤ[i]) ∧ (𝑏 ∈ ℤ[i] ∧ 𝑑 ∈ ℤ[i])) → ((𝑏𝑑) / 1) ∈ ℤ[i])
4114, 12eqeltrd 2839 . . . . . . . . 9 (((𝑎 ∈ ℤ[i] ∧ 𝑐 ∈ ℤ[i]) ∧ (𝑏 ∈ ℤ[i] ∧ 𝑑 ∈ ℤ[i])) → ((((abs‘𝑎)↑2) + ((abs‘𝑏)↑2)) / 1) ∈ ℕ0)
421, 6, 9, 15, 18, 25, 26, 28, 34, 40, 41mul4sqlem 15859 . . . . . . . 8 (((𝑎 ∈ ℤ[i] ∧ 𝑐 ∈ ℤ[i]) ∧ (𝑏 ∈ ℤ[i] ∧ 𝑑 ∈ ℤ[i])) → (((((abs‘𝑎)↑2) + ((abs‘𝑏)↑2)) / 1) · ((((abs‘𝑐)↑2) + ((abs‘𝑑)↑2)) / 1)) ∈ 𝑆)
4324, 42eqeltrrd 2840 . . . . . . 7 (((𝑎 ∈ ℤ[i] ∧ 𝑐 ∈ ℤ[i]) ∧ (𝑏 ∈ ℤ[i] ∧ 𝑑 ∈ ℤ[i])) → ((((abs‘𝑎)↑2) + ((abs‘𝑏)↑2)) · (((abs‘𝑐)↑2) + ((abs‘𝑑)↑2))) ∈ 𝑆)
44 oveq12 6822 . . . . . . . 8 ((𝐴 = (((abs‘𝑎)↑2) + ((abs‘𝑏)↑2)) ∧ 𝐵 = (((abs‘𝑐)↑2) + ((abs‘𝑑)↑2))) → (𝐴 · 𝐵) = ((((abs‘𝑎)↑2) + ((abs‘𝑏)↑2)) · (((abs‘𝑐)↑2) + ((abs‘𝑑)↑2))))
4544eleq1d 2824 . . . . . . 7 ((𝐴 = (((abs‘𝑎)↑2) + ((abs‘𝑏)↑2)) ∧ 𝐵 = (((abs‘𝑐)↑2) + ((abs‘𝑑)↑2))) → ((𝐴 · 𝐵) ∈ 𝑆 ↔ ((((abs‘𝑎)↑2) + ((abs‘𝑏)↑2)) · (((abs‘𝑐)↑2) + ((abs‘𝑑)↑2))) ∈ 𝑆))
4643, 45syl5ibrcom 237 . . . . . 6 (((𝑎 ∈ ℤ[i] ∧ 𝑐 ∈ ℤ[i]) ∧ (𝑏 ∈ ℤ[i] ∧ 𝑑 ∈ ℤ[i])) → ((𝐴 = (((abs‘𝑎)↑2) + ((abs‘𝑏)↑2)) ∧ 𝐵 = (((abs‘𝑐)↑2) + ((abs‘𝑑)↑2))) → (𝐴 · 𝐵) ∈ 𝑆))
4746rexlimdvva 3176 . . . . 5 ((𝑎 ∈ ℤ[i] ∧ 𝑐 ∈ ℤ[i]) → (∃𝑏 ∈ ℤ[i] ∃𝑑 ∈ ℤ[i] (𝐴 = (((abs‘𝑎)↑2) + ((abs‘𝑏)↑2)) ∧ 𝐵 = (((abs‘𝑐)↑2) + ((abs‘𝑑)↑2))) → (𝐴 · 𝐵) ∈ 𝑆))
485, 47syl5bir 233 . . . 4 ((𝑎 ∈ ℤ[i] ∧ 𝑐 ∈ ℤ[i]) → ((∃𝑏 ∈ ℤ[i] 𝐴 = (((abs‘𝑎)↑2) + ((abs‘𝑏)↑2)) ∧ ∃𝑑 ∈ ℤ[i] 𝐵 = (((abs‘𝑐)↑2) + ((abs‘𝑑)↑2))) → (𝐴 · 𝐵) ∈ 𝑆))
4948rexlimivv 3174 . . 3 (∃𝑎 ∈ ℤ[i] ∃𝑐 ∈ ℤ[i] (∃𝑏 ∈ ℤ[i] 𝐴 = (((abs‘𝑎)↑2) + ((abs‘𝑏)↑2)) ∧ ∃𝑑 ∈ ℤ[i] 𝐵 = (((abs‘𝑐)↑2) + ((abs‘𝑑)↑2))) → (𝐴 · 𝐵) ∈ 𝑆)
504, 49sylbir 225 . 2 ((∃𝑎 ∈ ℤ[i] ∃𝑏 ∈ ℤ[i] 𝐴 = (((abs‘𝑎)↑2) + ((abs‘𝑏)↑2)) ∧ ∃𝑐 ∈ ℤ[i] ∃𝑑 ∈ ℤ[i] 𝐵 = (((abs‘𝑐)↑2) + ((abs‘𝑑)↑2))) → (𝐴 · 𝐵) ∈ 𝑆)
512, 3, 50syl2anb 497 1 ((𝐴𝑆𝐵𝑆) → (𝐴 · 𝐵) ∈ 𝑆)
Colors of variables: wff setvar class
Syntax hints:  wi 4  wa 383   = wceq 1632  wcel 2139  {cab 2746  wrex 3051  cfv 6049  (class class class)co 6813  cc 10126  1c1 10129   + caddc 10131   · cmul 10133  cmin 10458   / cdiv 10876  cn 11212  2c2 11262  0cn0 11484  cz 11569  cexp 13054  abscabs 14173  ℤ[i]cgz 15835
This theorem was proved from axioms:  ax-mp 5  ax-1 6  ax-2 7  ax-3 8  ax-gen 1871  ax-4 1886  ax-5 1988  ax-6 2054  ax-7 2090  ax-8 2141  ax-9 2148  ax-10 2168  ax-11 2183  ax-12 2196  ax-13 2391  ax-ext 2740  ax-sep 4933  ax-nul 4941  ax-pow 4992  ax-pr 5055  ax-un 7114  ax-cnex 10184  ax-resscn 10185  ax-1cn 10186  ax-icn 10187  ax-addcl 10188  ax-addrcl 10189  ax-mulcl 10190  ax-mulrcl 10191  ax-mulcom 10192  ax-addass 10193  ax-mulass 10194  ax-distr 10195  ax-i2m1 10196  ax-1ne0 10197  ax-1rid 10198  ax-rnegex 10199  ax-rrecex 10200  ax-cnre 10201  ax-pre-lttri 10202  ax-pre-lttrn 10203  ax-pre-ltadd 10204  ax-pre-mulgt0 10205  ax-pre-sup 10206
This theorem depends on definitions:  df-bi 197  df-or 384  df-an 385  df-3or 1073  df-3an 1074  df-tru 1635  df-ex 1854  df-nf 1859  df-sb 2047  df-eu 2611  df-mo 2612  df-clab 2747  df-cleq 2753  df-clel 2756  df-nfc 2891  df-ne 2933  df-nel 3036  df-ral 3055  df-rex 3056  df-reu 3057  df-rmo 3058  df-rab 3059  df-v 3342  df-sbc 3577  df-csb 3675  df-dif 3718  df-un 3720  df-in 3722  df-ss 3729  df-pss 3731  df-nul 4059  df-if 4231  df-pw 4304  df-sn 4322  df-pr 4324  df-tp 4326  df-op 4328  df-uni 4589  df-iun 4674  df-br 4805  df-opab 4865  df-mpt 4882  df-tr 4905  df-id 5174  df-eprel 5179  df-po 5187  df-so 5188  df-fr 5225  df-we 5227  df-xp 5272  df-rel 5273  df-cnv 5274  df-co 5275  df-dm 5276  df-rn 5277  df-res 5278  df-ima 5279  df-pred 5841  df-ord 5887  df-on 5888  df-lim 5889  df-suc 5890  df-iota 6012  df-fun 6051  df-fn 6052  df-f 6053  df-f1 6054  df-fo 6055  df-f1o 6056  df-fv 6057  df-riota 6774  df-ov 6816  df-oprab 6817  df-mpt2 6818  df-om 7231  df-2nd 7334  df-wrecs 7576  df-recs 7637  df-rdg 7675  df-er 7911  df-en 8122  df-dom 8123  df-sdom 8124  df-sup 8513  df-pnf 10268  df-mnf 10269  df-xr 10270  df-ltxr 10271  df-le 10272  df-sub 10460  df-neg 10461  df-div 10877  df-nn 11213  df-2 11271  df-3 11272  df-n0 11485  df-z 11570  df-uz 11880  df-rp 12026  df-seq 12996  df-exp 13055  df-cj 14038  df-re 14039  df-im 14040  df-sqrt 14174  df-abs 14175  df-gz 15836
This theorem is referenced by:  4sqlem19  15869
  Copyright terms: Public domain W3C validator